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Encyclopedia > Luxemburgish language

Luxembourgish or Luxembourgian (in French, Luxembourgeois; in German, Luxemburgisch; in Luxembourgish Lëtzebuergesch) is a West Germanic language spoken in Luxembourg. It was adopted as an official language in 1984. It is also spoken in small parts of Belgium, France and Germany, as well as by a few of the descendants of Luxembourgian immigrants in the United States and emigrants to Transylvania, Romania (Siebenbürgen). There are about 300,000 people who speak Luxembourgish worldwide.


Luxembourgish belongs to the Middle German group of High German languages, like standard German. However, it is not intelligible to most Germans as it is more than just a German dialect. It borrows many French words. For example, the name for a bus driver is Buschauffeur which would be Busfahrer in German and Chauffeur de bus in French. It is relatively easy for German speakers to understand Luxembourgish, but more complicated to speak it properly because of the French influence.


Some words are different from High German but have equivalents in German dialects. An example would be the word potato, which is Gromper in Luxembourgish, but pomme de terre in French and Kartoffel in High German.


Other words are exclusive to Luxembourgish, for example the word for "Match", which is "Fixfeier".


Standard German is called "Däitsch", or sometimes "Preisësch" (Prussian, which has slightly xenophobic undertones) in Luxembourg. Its most common uses are in Luxembourg's newspapers, and in primary school. The main administrative language in Luxembourg is French.


Some phrases

  • Jo. Yes.
  • Neen. No.
  • Villäicht. Maybe.
  • Moien. Hello.
  • Äddi. Goodbye.
  • Merci. Thank you.
  • Watgelift? or Ëntschëllegt? Excuse me?
  • Metzleschjong. Butcher's son.
  • Schwätzt dier Däitsch/Franséisch/Englesch? Do you speak German/French/English?

External links

Wikipedia articles written in this language are located at the
  • Luxembourgish - English Dictionary (http://www.websters-online-dictionary.org/definition/Luxembourgish-english/)
  • Introduction to the Luxembourgish Orthography - Schanen F. (pdf) (http://www.cpll.lu/cpll/schanen_lulling_letz.pdf)
  • Luxemburgische Orthographie - Memorial: 1999  (http://www.etat.lu/memorial/memorial/a/1999/a1121108.pdf)
  • Eng kleng Hëllef fir Lëtzebuergesch ze schreiwen (http://www.men.lu/edu/fre/publications/CEN/letzebuergesch.pdf)
  • Luxdico (http://web6.midworld.luxadmin.org/dict.html)
  • UNIVERSAL - DEKLARATIOUN VUN DE MËNSCHERECHTER (http://www.unhchr.ch/udhr/lang/lux.htm)
  • Gefahr oder Chance für das Luxemburgische? (http://www.land.lu/html/dossiers/dossier_luxemburgensia/mousellulling_201202.html)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Swedish - IBWiki (574 words)
With the establishment of Riksmål as the official written language of the Scandinavian Realm in 1889, the Swedish written language of Högswenska lost its official status.
The most problematic issue was that while they advocated a written language based on the spoken language of educated Swedes they at the same time opposed any influence that Riksmål (or as they invariably called it: Danish) exerted on that spoken language.
Further fragmentation of the Swedish language movement was caused in the 1890s by the founding of Swenska Landsmålsföreningarna (The Swedish Popular Language Societies), who inspired by the activities of Ivar Aasen in Norway advocated a written norm based on the popular dialects of Sweden.
The Language Luxembourgish - Luxembourg Today - travel and tourist information, flight reservations, travel bargains, ... (2074 words)
The language of communication with first-generation immigrants and frontier workers speaking Latin languages is French.
Luxembourgish is the language of instruction in pre-school education (Spillschoul), where young Luxembourgers perfect their knowledge of their mother tongue from the age of four to six.
It is also the language of practical activities, as well as the language of communication between pupils and between pupils and teachers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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