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Encyclopedia > Luxembourg (city)

Coordinates: 49°36′42″N, 06°07′48″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Luxembourg
Lëtzebuerg
Coat of arms of Luxembourg
Location of Luxembourg in Luxembourg
Administration
District Luxembourg
Canton Luxembourg
LAU 2 LU00011001
Mayor Paul Helminger
Geography
Area
Area rank
51.46 km²
4th of 116
Highest point
Highest point rank
402 m
=56th of 116
Lowest point
Lowest point rank
230 m
=45th of 116
Population
Population (2005)
Population rank
76,420
1st of 116
Density (2005)
Density rank
1,485 /km²
2nd of 116
List of communes of Luxembourg
City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
The reconstructed Fort Thüngen, formerly a key part of Luxembourg City's fortifications, now on the site of the Mudam, Luxembourg's museum of modern art.
State Party Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg
Type Cultural
Criteria iv
Reference 699
Region Europe and North America
Inscription History
Inscription 1994  (18th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
† Region as classified by UNESCO.

The city of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg, German: Luxemburg), also known as Luxembourg City (Luxembourgish: Stad Lëtzebuerg, French: Ville de Luxembourg, German: Luxemburg Stadt), is a commune with city status, and the capital of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. It is located at the confluence of the Alzette and Pétrusse rivers in southern Luxembourg. Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_Luxembourg_City. ... Image File history File links Map_Luxembourg. ... Administratively Luxembourg is divided into three districts, which are subdivided into cantons: Diekirch (district) Diekirch Clervaux Redange Vianden Wiltz Grevenmacher (district) Grevenmacher Echternach Remich Luxembourg (district) Luxembourg Capellen Esch-sur-Alzette Mersch The cantons were created in the early 1840s. ... This is a list of Cantons of Luxembourg, grouped by district. ... Generally, a local administrative unit (LAU) is an area of governmental administration below a province, region, state or other major national subdivision. ... Paul Helminger (born 28 October 1940 in Esch-sur-Alzette) is a Luxembourgian politician. ... This is a list of communes of Luxembourg by area. ... This is a list of communes of Luxembourg by highest point, in order of descending altitude. ... This is a list of communes of Luxembourg by lowest point, in order of ascending altitude. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of communes of Luxembourg by population. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of communes of Luxembourg by population density. ... This is a list of Communes of Luxembourg. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1800x1200, 645 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Luxembourg (city) ... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Luxembourg. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Luxembourgish (Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuergesch, French: , German: , Walloon: ), also spelled Luxemburgish, is a West Germanic language spoken in Luxembourg. ... Luxembourgish (Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuergesch, French: , German: , Walloon: ), also spelled Luxemburgish, is a West Germanic language spoken in Luxembourg. ... This is a list of Communes of Luxembourg. ... For a complete list of communes of Luxembourg see: Communes of Luxembourg. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Look up confluence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Alzette (-French, in Luxembourgish: Uelzecht) is a river with a length of 73 kilometers in France and Luxembourg. ... The Pétrusse (Luxembourgish: Péitruss, German: Péitruss) is a river flowing through Luxembourg, joining the Alzette at Luxembourg City. ...


As of 2005, the commune of Luxembourg City has a population of 76,420, which is almost three times the population of the second most populous commune. The city's metropolitan population, including that of surrounding communes of Hesperange, Sandweiler, Strassen, and Walferdange, is 103,973. Luxembourg City lies at the heart of Western Europe, situated 188 km (117 miles) from Brussels, 289 km (179 miles) from Paris, 190 km (118 miles) from Cologne.[1] 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... District Luxembourg Canton Luxembourg Area 27. ... District Luxembourg Canton Luxembourg Area 7. ... Strassen (in Luxembourgish: Stroossen) is a town and commune in central Luxembourg. ... District Luxembourg Canton Luxembourg Area 7. ... The borders of Western Europe were largely defined by the Cold War. ... Nickname: Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: , Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Government  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area  - Region 162 km²  (62. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ...


Luxembourg City is one of the wealthiest cities in the world, having developed into a banking and administrative centre. Luxembourg is a seat of several institutions of the European Union, including the European Court of Justice, the European Court of Auditors, and the European Investment Bank. European Court of Justice building, Luxembourg The Court of Justice of the European Communities, usually called the European Court of Justice (ECJ), is the highest court of the European Union (EU). ... The European Court of Auditors is one of five institutions of the European Union. ... The European Investment Bank (the Banque Européenne dInvestissement) is the European Unions financing institution and was established under the Treaty of Rome (1957) to provide loan finance for capital investment furthering European Union policy objectives, in particular regional development, Trans-European Networks of transport, telecommunications and energy...

Contents

History

In the Roman era, a fortified tower guarded the crossing of two Roman roads that met at the site of Luxembourg city. Through an exchange treaty with the abbey of Saint Maximin in Trier in 963, Siegfried I of the Ardennes, a close relative of King Louis II of France and Emperor Otto the Great, acquired the feudal lands of Luxembourg. Siegfried built his castle, named Lucilinburhuc ("small castle"), on the Bock Fiels ("rock"), mentioned for the first time in the aforementioned exchange treaty. Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent. ... For the one-off TV Drama, see Roman Road (TV Drama) A Roman road in Pompeii. ... Saint Maximin (born at Silly near Poitiers; — Poitiers 12 September 346[1]) was the fifth bishop of Trier, according to the list provided by the dioceses website, taking his seat in 341/342[2] an opponent of Arianism[3] at the courts of Constantine II and Constans, who harboured... Trier (French: ; Luxembourgish Tréier) is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle River. ... Events Holy Roman Emperor Otto I defeats Mieszko I of Poland, compels him to pay tribute Luxembourg is founded, and the Belgium area becomes part of the United Provinces of the Netherlands. ... Siegfried or Sigefroy (c. ... The Ardennes (pronounced ar-DEN) (Dutch: Ardennen) is a region of extensive forests and rolling hill country, primarily in Belgium and Luxembourg, but stretching into France (lending its name to the Ardennes département and the Champagne-Ardenne région). ... Louis the Stammerer (November 1, 846 - April 10, 879), also known as Louis II and Louis le Begue, was the son of Charles II and Ermentrude of Orléans. ... For others with the same name, see Otto I (disambiguation). ...


In 987, the Archbishop of Trier, Egbert (977-993), blessed five altars in the Church of the Redemption (today St. Michael's Church). At a Roman road intersection near the church, a marketplace appeared around which the city developed. Events Hugh Capet, Count of Paris, crowned King of France Kukulcan conquers Chichen Itza Births Deaths May 21 King Louis V of France Categories: 987 ... The Archbishopric of Trier was one of the important ecclesiastical principalities of the Holy Roman Empire. ... There are two historical individuals typically known only as Egbert. ... Events Births Deaths Hunain ibn Ishaq, Egyptian physician Categories: 977 ... Events July 4 - Saint Ulrich of Augsburg canonized Births Deaths Categories: 993 ... Guido Renis archangel Michael (in the Capuchin church of Sta. ...


The city, for reasons of its location and natural geography, has through history been a place of strategic military significance. The first fortifications were built as early as the 10th century. By the end of the 12th century, as the city expanded westward around the new St. Nicholas Church (today the cathedral of Notre Dame), new walls were built that included an area of 50,000 m². As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... Saint Nicholas, also known as Nikolaus in Germany and Sinterklaas (a contracted form of Sint Nicolaas) in the Netherlands and Flanders, is the common name for the historical Saint Nicholas of Myra, who lived in 4th century Byzantine Anatolia, (now in modern Turkey) and had a reputation for secret gift... Organ Gallery and Stained Glass Notre-Dame Cathedral is the Catholic cathedral of the City of Luxembourg. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different areas, we list here areas between 1 hectare (10,000 m²) and 10 hectares (0. ...


In about 1340, under the reign of John the Blind, new fortifications were built that stood until 1867. Events Europe has about 74 million inhabitants. ... John the Blind of Luxemburg (August 10, 1296 - August 26, 1346) was King of Bohemia and Count of Luxemburg. ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1443, the Burgundians under Philip the Good conquered Luxembourg. Luxembourg became part of the Burgundian, and later Spanish and Austrian empires. By the 16th century, Luxembourg was one of the strongest fortifications in Europe. Subsequently, the Burgundians, the Spanish, the French, the Spanish again, the Austrians, the French again, and the Prussians conquered Luxembourg. Events Albanians, under Skanderbeg, defeat the Turks John Hunyadi defeats Turks at the Battle of Nis Vlad II Dracul begins his second term as ruler of Wallachia, succeeding Basarab II. Births January 27 - Albert, Duke of Saxony (died 1500) February 23 - Matthias Corvinus of Hungary (died 1490) May 17 - Edmund... région of Bourgogne, see Bourgogne. ... Philip III, Duke of Burgundy (Philip the Good or Philippe le Bon) (1396–1467) was Duke of Burgundy from 1419 until his death. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Anthem Preußenlied, Heil dir im Siegerkranz (both unofficial) The Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent, at the time of the formation of the German Empire, 1871 Capital Berlin Government Monarchy King  - 1701 — 1713 Frederick I (first)  - 1888 — 1918 William II (last) Prime minister  - 1848 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim...


In the 17th century, the first casemates were built; initially, Spain built 23 km of tunnels, starting in 1644.[2] These were then enlarged under French rule by Marshal Vauban, and augmented again under Austrian rule in the 1730s and 1740s. By the late eighteenth century, Luxembourg's fame as an impregnable fortress was such that it became known as the 'Gibraltar of the North', second to only Gibraltar itself.[3] (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... A Casemate is a heavy duty structure originally a valuted chamber in a fortress. ... Sébastien Le Prestre, Seigneur de Vauban and later Marquis de Vauban (May 15, 1633 - March 30, 1707), commonly referred to as Vauban, was a Marshal of France and the foremost military engineer of his age, famed for his skill in both designing fortifications and in breaking through them. ... The Gibraltar of the North (French: , German: ) is an historical nickname for Luxembourg City, the capital and first city of Luxembourg. ...


During the French Revolutionary Wars, the city was occupied by France twice: once, briefly, in 1792–3, and, later, after a seven-month siege. As a consequence, Luxembourg was annexed into the French Republic as part of the département of Forêts, with Luxembourg City as its préfecture. Under the 1815 Treaty of Paris, which ended the Napoleonic Wars, Luxembourg City was placed under Prussian military control as a part of the German Confederation, although sovereignty passed to the House of Orange-Nassau, in personal union with the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. Combatants Great Britain Austria Prussia Spain[1] Russia Sardinia Ottoman Empire Portugal Dutch Republic[2] France The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of major conflicts, from 1792 until 1802, fought between the French Revolutionary government and several European states. ... Combatants French First Republic Austria The siege of Luxembourg was a siege by France of the Habsburg-held fortress of Luxembourg City that lasted from 1794 until 7 June 1795, during the French Revolutionary Wars. ... Ceremonies during the annexation of Hawaii. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties. ... Forêts is the name of a département of the First French Empire in present Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany. ... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... The Treaty of Paris of 1815 was signed on November 20, 1815, following the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo, 18 June. ... Combatants Austria[1] Portugal Prussia[1] Russia[2] Spain[3] Sweden United Kingdom[4] Ottoman Empire[5] Holy Roman Empire[6] French Empire Holland Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of Naples Duchy of Warsaw Bavaria[7] Saxony[8] Denmark [9] Commanders Archduke Charles Prince Schwarzenberg Karl Mack von Leiberich Gebhard von... Anthem Preußenlied, Heil dir im Siegerkranz (both unofficial) The Kingdom of Prussia at its greatest extent, at the time of the formation of the German Empire, 1871 Capital Berlin Government Monarchy King  - 1701 — 1713 Frederick I (first)  - 1888 — 1918 William II (last) Prime minister  - 1848 Adolf Heinrich von Arnim... The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was the association of Central European states created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to organize the surviving states of the Holy Roman Empire, which had been abolished in 1806. ... The House of Orange-Nassau (in Dutch: Huis van Oranje-Nassau), a branch of the German House of Nassau, has played a central role in the political life of the Netherlands - and at times in Europe - since William I of Orange (also known as William the Silent and Father of... It has been suggested that Dynastic union be merged into this article or section. ... Map of the kingdom United Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815 - 1830) (1839) (Dutch: Verenigd Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, French: Royaume-Uni des Pays-Bas and German: Vereinigte Königreich der Niederlande) were the unofficial names used to refer to a new unified European state created during the Congress of Vienna in...

The Gëlle Fra monument commemorates those who volunteered for service in the armed forces of the Allies in World War I.
The Gëlle Fra monument commemorates those who volunteered for service in the armed forces of the Allies in World War I.

After the Luxembourg Crisis, the 1867 Treaty of London required Luxembourg to dismantle the fortifications in Luxembourg City. Their demolition took sixteen years, cost 1.5 m gold francs, and required the destruction of over 24 km (15 miles) of underground defences and 40,000 m² (10 acres) of casemates, batteries, barracks, etc.[4] Furthermore, the Prussian garrison was to be withdrawn.[5] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1231x1621, 1309 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Luxembourg (city) German occupation of Luxembourg in World War I Gëlle Fra ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1231x1621, 1309 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Luxembourg (city) German occupation of Luxembourg in World War I Gëlle Fra ... The Gëlle Fra monument commemorates the thousands of Luxembourgers that volunteered for service in the armed forces of the Allied Powers during the First World War. ... Map of the World showing the participants in World War I. Those fighting on the Allies side (at one point or another) are depicted in green, the Central Powers in orange, and neutral countries in gray. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... In 1867, France began by negotiating the purchase of Luxembourg from the Dutch government, as Luxembourg was then in personal union with the Netherlands. ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Treaty of London (French: Traité de Londres), often called the Second Treaty of London after the 1839 Treaty, was an international treaty signed on 11 May 1867. ... A Casemate is a heavy duty structure originally a vaulted chamber in a fortress. ... Remains of a battery of English cannon from Youghal, County Cork. ... A barracks housing conscripts of Norrbottens regemente in Boden, Sweden. ... For people named Garrison, see Garrison (disambiguation) Garrison House, built by William Damm in 1675 at Dover, New Hampshire Garrison (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, to equip) is the collective term for the body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but...


When, in 1890, Grand Duke William III died without any male heirs, the Grand Duchy passed out of Dutch hands, and into an independent line under Grand Duke Adolphe. Thus, Luxembourg, which had hitherto been independent in theory only, became a truly independent country, and Luxembourg City regained some of the importance that it had lost in 1867 by becoming the capital of a fully independent state. 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... William III, King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg (William Alexander Paul Frederick Louis of Orange-Nassau) (Willem Alexander Paul Frederik Lodewijk van Oranje-Nassau, Koning der Nederlanden en Groothertog van Luxemburg in Dutch) (February 19, 1817 – November 23, 1890) was King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke... Grand Duke Adolphe of Luxembourg, Adolph Wilhelm August Karl Friedrich of Nassau-Weilburg (July 24, 1817 – November 17, 1905) was the last Duke of Nassau, and the fourth Grand Duke of Luxembourg. ...


Despite Luxembourg's best efforts to remain neutral in the First World War, it was occupied by Germany on 2 August 1914. On 30 August, Helmuth von Moltke moved his headquarters to Luxembourg City, closer to his armies in France in preparation for a swift victory. However, the victory never came, and Luxembourg would play host to the German high command for another four years. At the end of the occupation, Luxembourg City was the scene of an attempted communist revolution; on 9 November 1918, communists declared a socialist republic, but it lasted only a few hours.[6] Neutrality: Neutrality in international law is the status of a nation that refrains from participation in a war between other states and maintains an impartial attitude toward the belligerents. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Luxembourgers celebrating the liberation of their country and welcoming the arrival of American soldiers after the Armistice, November 1918. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... August 30 is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Helmuth von Moltke Chief of the General Staff Helmuth Johann Ludwig von Moltke (May 25, 1848–June 18, 1916), also known as Moltke the Younger, was a nephew of Field Marshal Count Moltke and served as the Chief of the German General Staff from 1906 to 1914. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Socialist state. ...


In 1921, the city limits were greatly expanded. The communes of Eich, Hamm, Hollerich, and Rollingergrund were annexed into Luxembourg City, making the city the largest commune in the country (a position that it would hold until 1978). City limits refers to the defined limits of a citys area. ... Eich, in northern Luxembourg City. ... A small village in South Luxembourg that has an American Military Cemetery. ... Hollerich, in south-western Luxembourg City. ... Rollingergrund (Luxembourgish: Rollengergronn) is an area of north-western Luxembourg City, in southern Luxembourg. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ...

The European Court of Justice is one of several European Union institutions and agencies to have been established in Luxembourg City since 1945.
The European Court of Justice is one of several European Union institutions and agencies to have been established in Luxembourg City since 1945.

In 1940, Germany occupied Luxembourg again. The Nazis were not prepared to allow Luxembourgers self-government, and gradually integrated Luxembourg into the Third Reich until it annexed the Grand Duchy, on 30 August 1942. Luxembourg City was liberated on 10 September 1944.[7] Image File history File linksMetadata Europäischer_Gerichtshof. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Europäischer_Gerichtshof. ... European Court of Justice building, Luxembourg The Court of Justice of the European Communities, usually called the European Court of Justice (ECJ), is the highest court of the European Union (EU). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The German occupation of Luxembourg in World War II was a period in the history of Luxembourg during which the country was occupied by Nazi Germany. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... August 30 is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


After the war, Luxembourg ended its neutrality, and became a founding member of several inter-governmental and supra-governmental institutions. In 1952, the city became the headquarters of the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community. In 1967, the High Authority was merged with the commissions of the other European institutions; although Luxembourg City would no longer be the seat of the ECSC, it would play host to some part-sessions of the European Parliament until 1981.[8] Luxembourg remains the seat of the European Parliament's secretariat, as well as the European Court of Justice, the European Court of Auditors, and the European Investment Bank. Several departments of the European Commission are also based in Luxembourg. 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Members of the European Coal and Steel Community Flag of the European Coal and Steel Community The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was founded in 1951 (Treaty of Paris), by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to pool the steel and coal resources of its member... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou Alejo Vidal-Quadras Gérard Onesta Edward McMillan-Scott Mario Mauro Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez Luigi Cocilovo Mechtild Rothe Luisa Morgantini Pierre Moscovici Manuel António... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... European Court of Justice building, Luxembourg The Court of Justice of the European Communities, usually called the European Court of Justice (ECJ), is the highest court of the European Union (EU). ... The European Court of Auditors is one of five institutions of the European Union. ... The European Investment Bank (the Banque Européenne dInvestissement) is the European Unions financing institution and was established under the Treaty of Rome (1957) to provide loan finance for capital investment furthering European Union policy objectives, in particular regional development, Trans-European Networks of transport, telecommunications and energy... The Commission seat in Brussels The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ...


Geography and climate

Luxembourg City straddles several valleys and outcrops, making the city's layout more complicated.
Luxembourg City straddles several valleys and outcrops, making the city's layout more complicated.
Luxembourg's main railway station, which gives its name to the Gare district of the city.
Luxembourg's main railway station, which gives its name to the Gare district of the city.
Luxembourg City's climate is characterised by mild temperatures and moderately high precipitation.
Luxembourg City's climate is characterised by mild temperatures and moderately high precipitation.

Luxembourg City lies on the southern part of the Luxembourg plateau, a large Early Jurassic sandstone formation that forms the heart of the Gutland, a low-lying and flat area that covers the southern two-thirds of the country. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2592x1952, 691 KB) Luxembourg (city) from NL-Wiki. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2592x1952, 691 KB) Luxembourg (city) from NL-Wiki. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2848x2136, 4392 KB) The train station of Luxembourg, at night, in winter. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2848x2136, 4392 KB) The train station of Luxembourg, at night, in winter. ... Luxembourg railway station (Luxembourgish: , French: , German: ) is the main railway station serving Luxembourg City, in southern Luxembourg. ... Gare, in central Luxembourg City. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (977x600, 25 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Luxembourg Luxembourg (city) ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (977x600, 25 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Luxembourg Luxembourg (city) ... The Luxembourg plateau is a large Early Jurassic sandstone plateau in south-central Luxembourg. ... Massive cliffs in Zion Canyon consist of Lower Jurassic formations, including (from bottom to top): the Wingate Sandstone, the Kayenta Formation, and the massive Navajo Sandstone. ... Red sandstone interior of Lower Antelope Canyon, Arizona, worn smooth due to erosion by flash flooding over millions of years Sandstone is a sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-size mineral or rock grains. ... Gutland (French: Bon Pays) is a region covering the southern and central parts of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. ...


The city centre occupies a picturesque site on a salient, perched high atop precipitous cliffs that drop into the narrow valleys of the Alzette and Pétrusse rivers, which find their confluence at Luxembourg City. The 70 m- (230-foot) deep gorges cut by the rivers are spanned by many bridges and viaducts, including the Adolphe Bridge, the Grand Duchess Charlotte Bridge, and the Passerelle. Although Luxembourg City is not particularly large, its layout is complex, as the city is set on several levels, straddling hills and dropping into the two gorges. Alzette (-French, in Luxembourgish: Uelzecht) is a river with a length of 73 kilometers in France and Luxembourg. ... The Pétrusse (Luxembourgish: Péitruss, German: Péitruss) is a river flowing through Luxembourg, joining the Alzette at Luxembourg City. ... This article is about the edifice. ... Adolphe Bridge (Luxembourgish: Adolphe-Bréck, French: Pont Adolphe, German: Adolphe-Brücke) is an arch bridge in Luxembourg City, in southern Luxembourg. ... The bridge passes over Pfaffenthal, which lies along the steep valley of the Alzette, and connects Kirchberg to Limpertsberg. ... The Passerelle was constructed to carry traffic from the city centre over the Pétrusse valley. ...


The commune of Luxembourg City covers a total area of over 51 km², or 2% of the Grand Duchy's total area. This makes the city the fourth-largest commune in Luxembourg, and by far the largest urban area. Luxembourg City is not particularly densely-populated, at under 1,500 people per km²; large areas of Luxembourg City are maintained as parks, forested areas, or sites of important heritage (particularly the UNESCO sites), while there are also large tracts of farmland that lie within the city limits. This is a list of communes of Luxembourg by area. ... Crowded Shibuya, Tokyo shopping district An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...


Quarters of Luxembourg City

Luxembourg City is subdivided into twenty-four quarters, which cover the commune in its entirety. The quarters generally correspond to the major neighbourhoods and suburbs of Luxembourg City, although a few of the historic districts, such as Bonnevoie, are divided between two quarters. The Quarters of Luxembourg City (Luxembourgish: Quartierën, French: Quartiers, German: Stadttiels) are the smallest administrative division for local government in Luxembourg City, the capital and largest city in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. ... Look up quarter in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city, town or suburb. ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Bonnevoie (Luxembourgish: Bouneweg, German: Bonneweg) is an area of south-eastern Luxembourg City, in southern Luxembourg. ...


Climate

Luxembourg City has a mild continental climate, marked by moderately high precipitation. In geography, temperate latitudes of the globe lie between the tropics and the polar circles. ... Regions containing a continental climate exist in portions of Northern Hemisphere continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other parts of the world. ...

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Mean daily maximum temperature (°C) 3 4 10 14 18 21 23 22 19 13 7 4
Mean daily minimum temperature (°C) -1 -1 1 4 8 11 13 12 10 6 3 0
Mean total rainfall (mm) 61 65 42 47 64 64 60 84 72 53 67 81
Mean number of rain days (0.25mm+) 20 16 14 13 15 14 14 15 16 15 19 20
Average sunshine (hours per day) 1 2 5 6 6 6 6 6 5 3 1 1
Source: BBC Weather

The degree Celsius (°C) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744), who first proposed a similar system in 1742. ... The degree Celsius (°C) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744), who first proposed a similar system in 1742. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...

Places of interest

The Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial, at Hamm, is the final resting place of 5,076 military personnel, including General Patton.

Places of interest include the neogothic Cathedral of Notre Dame, the fortifications, the Grand Ducal Palace, the Gëlle Fra war memorial, the casemates, the Neumünster Abbey, the Place d'Armes, the Adolphe Bridge and the city hall. The city is the home of the University of Luxembourg and Radio Luxembourg. Image File history File links Luxembourg_American_Cemetery_and_Memorial. ... Image File history File links Luxembourg_American_Cemetery_and_Memorial. ... A small village in South Luxembourg that has an American Military Cemetery. ... George Smith Patton Jr. ... Neo-gothic architecture is an American branch of the Gothic revival style that was imported from England in the 1830s. ... Organ Gallery and Stained Glass Notre-Dame Cathedral is the Roman Catholic cathedral of Luxembourg City, in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. ... The façade of the Grand Ducal Palace. ... The Gëlle Fra monument commemorates the thousands of Luxembourgers that volunteered for service in the armed forces of the Allied Powers during the First World War. ... This memorial in England lists the names of soldiers who died in the First World War. ... Neumünster Abbey is a public meeting place and cultural centre, located in the Grund district of Luxembourg City in southern Luxembourg. ... Adolphe Bridge (Luxembourgish: Adolphe-Bréck, French: Pont Adolphe, German: Adolphe-Brücke) is an arch bridge in Luxembourg City, in southern Luxembourg. ... The University of Luxembourg is the only university in Luxembourg, founded on 13 August 2003 amid much fanfare. ... Radio Luxembourg (1933-1992, 2005-)was an important forerunner of pirate radio and modern commercial radio in Europe. ...


Luxembourg City is also the seat of several institutions of the European Union, including the European Court of Justice, the secretariat of the European Parliament, the European Court of Auditors and the European Investment Bank. The majority of these institutions are located in the Kirchberg quarter, in the northeast of the city. European Court of Justice building, Luxembourg The Court of Justice of the European Communities, usually called the European Court of Justice (ECJ), is the highest court of the European Union (EU). ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou Alejo Vidal-Quadras Gérard Onesta Edward McMillan-Scott Mario Mauro Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez Luigi Cocilovo Mechtild Rothe Luisa Morgantini Pierre Moscovici Manuel António... The European Court of Auditors is one of five institutions of the European Union. ... The European Investment Bank (the Banque Européenne dInvestissement) is the European Unions financing institution and was established under the Treaty of Rome (1957) to provide loan finance for capital investment furthering European Union policy objectives, in particular regional development, Trans-European Networks of transport, telecommunications and energy... Kirchberg, in north-eastern Luxembourg City. ...


The Second World War Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial is located within the city limits of Luxembourg. This cemetery is the final resting place of 5,076 American military dead, including General George S. Patton. There is also a memorial to 371 Americans whose remains were never recovered or identified. The Luxembourg American Cemetery and Memorial is located in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg. ... George Smith Patton Jr. ...


Twin towns

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The London Borough of Camden is an inner-London borough created in 1965 to replace the metropolitan boroughs of Hampstead, Holborn, St Pancras. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Si paix dedans, paix dehors (French: If peace inside, peace outside) Cathedral St. ...

Photos of Luxembourg City

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 669 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Luxembourg (city) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 703 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Luxembourg (city) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 1152 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Luxembourg (city) ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The Mayor of Luxembourg City is the mayor of Luxembourgs capital and largest city, Luxembourg City. ... The Eurovision Song Contest 1962 was the seventh Eurovision and was held on March 18, 1962 in Luxembourg. ... Villa Louvigny is a building in Luxembourg City, in southern Luxembourg, that served as the headquarters of Compagnie Luxembourgeoise de Télédiffusion, the forerunner of RTL Group. ... Pictures of singers coming soon! The Eurovision Song Contest 1966 was the eleventh Eurovision and was held on 5 March 1966 in Luxembourg. ... The Eurovision Song Contest 1973 was the eighteenth Eurovision and was held on April 7, 1973 in Luxembourg. ... The Eurovision Song Contest 1984 was the 29th Eurovision Song Contest and was held on May 5, 1984 in Luxembourg. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Great Circle Distances between Cities. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2005-03-26. Retrieved on 2006-07-23.
  2. ^ The Fortress. Luxembourg City Tourism Office. Retrieved on 2006-07-23.
  3. ^ Fyffe (1895), ch. XVI
  4. ^ World Heritage List - Luxembourg (PDF). UNESCO (1 October 1993). Retrieved on 2006-07-19.
  5. ^ (French) Treaty of London, 1867, Article IV. GWPDA. Retrieved on 2006-07-19.
  6. ^ Luxembourg country profile. WorldStatesman.org. Retrieved on 2006-07-23.
  7. ^ Thewes (2003), p. 121
  8. ^ Alcide De Gasperi Building. Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l’Europe (16 June 2006). Retrieved on 2006-07-23.

Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 161 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 161 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 200th day of the year (201st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 161 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 161 days remaining. ...

References

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Luxembourg (city) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (539 words)
The city of Luxembourg (French: Luxembourg, Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg, German: Luxemburg), population 82,268 (2002), is the capital of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
By the 16th century, Luxembourg was one of the strongest fortifications in Europe.
The city is the seat of a university, Radio Luxembourg, and several institutions of the European Union, including the European Court of Justice, the secretary general of the European Parliament, the European Court of Auditors and the European Investment Bank, the preponderance of which are located in the area of the city known as Kirchberg.
Luxembourg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (814 words)
Luxembourg is one of the smallest countries in Europe.
Luxembourg has especially close trade and financial ties to Belgium and the Netherlands, and as a member of the EU, enjoys the advantages of the open European market.
The linguistic situation in Luxembourg is characterized by the practice and the recognition of three official languages: French, German and Luxemburgish, a Franconian language of the Moselle region similar to German.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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