FACTOID # 1: Idaho produces more milk than Iowa, Indiana and Illinois combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Lutheran Church Missouri Synod
Official cross symbol of the Missouri Synod
Official cross symbol of the Missouri Synod

The Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod (LCMS) is the second-largest Lutheran body in the United States. It is a conservative, confessional Lutheran Christian denomination with German immigrant roots. The LCMS is headquartered in St. Louis, Missouri and counts about 2.6 million baptized members. The LCMS is divided into 35 districts, 33 of them geographic districts and two (the English District and SELC) non-geographic. See Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod districts simple LCMS logo This work is copyrighted. ... simple LCMS logo This work is copyrighted. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... Confessional Lutherans are Christians committed to believing, teaching and confessing the doctrines taught in the Book of Concord because they believe them to be faithful to the teachings of the Bible. ... Christianity is an Abrahamic religion based on the life, teachings, death by crucifixion, and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth as described in the New Testament. ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... Missouri, named after the Missouri Siouan Indian tribe meaning canoe, is a Midwestern state of the United States with Jefferson City as its capital. ... Baptism is a water purification ritual practiced in certain religions such as Christianity, Mandaeanism, Sikhism, and some historic sects of Judaism. ...

Contents

History

The Missouri Synod emerged from several communities of German Lutheran immigrants during the 1830s and 1840s. In Indiana, Ohio and Michigan, isolated Germans in the dense forests of the American frontier were brought together and cared for by missionary F.C.D. Wyneken. A utopian movement of Confessional Saxon Lutherans under Martin Stephan created a community in Perry County, Missouri and Saint Louis, Missouri. In Michigan and Ohio, Missionaries sent by Wilhelm Löhe cared for scattered congregaions and founded utopian communities in Frankenmuth, Michigan and the Saginaw Valley of Michigan. Friedrich Conrad Dietrich (F.C.D.) Wyneken (May 13, 1810-May 4, 1876) Missionary, pastor and the second president of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod. ... See Utopia (disambiguation) for other meanings of this word Utopia, in its most common and general meaning, refers to a hypothetical perfect society. ... Martin Stephan was pastor of St. ... Perry County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... See Utopia (disambiguation) for other meanings of this word Utopia, in its most common and general meaning, refers to a hypothetical perfect society. ... Frankenmuth is a city located in Saginaw County, Michigan. ...


The Saxon immigration

In the nineteenth century German Kingdom of Saxony, Lutheran pastor Martin Stephan many of his followers found themselves increasingly at odds with the rationalism of the state-sponsored Lutheranism in Saxony. In order to freely practice what they saw as pure Lutheranism, Stephan and 750 other Saxon Lutherans left for the United States in November 1838. With an area of 18,413 km² and a population of 4. ... Martin Stephan was pastor of St. ... Rationalism, also known as the rationalist movement, is a philosophical doctrine that asserts that the truth should be determined by reason and factual analysis, rather than faith, dogma or religious teaching. ... 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


The ship arrived January 5, 1839 in New Orleans, and most of the immigrants settled in Perry County, Missouri and in and around Saint Louis, Missouri. Stephan was initially the bishop of the new settlement, but he soon became embroiled in charges of corruption and sexual misconduct with members of the congregation, and was expelled from the settlement, leaving C.F.W. Walther as the leader of the colony. January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who holds a specific position of authority in any of a number of Christian churches. ... Carl Ferdinand Wilhelm (C.F.W.) Walther (October 25, 1811 - May 17, 1887), was the first President of the Lutheran Church _ Missouri Synod. ...


During this period there was considerable debate within the settlement over the proper role of the church in the New World: whether it was a new church, or remained within the German Lutheran hierarchy. Walther's view that they could consider themselves a new church prevailed.


Organization of the Missouri Synod

On April 26, 1847, twelve pastors representing 15 German Lutheran congregations met in Chicago and founded a new church body, "The German Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Missouri, Ohio and Other States." Walther became the fledgling denomination's first president. April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States (after New York City and Los Angeles), with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ...


In its early days the synod was conservative on a number of issues. Following Walther's lead, the church strongly opposed humanism and religious syncretism. It opposed abolitionism based on Biblical passages which it taught neither appoved of nor condemned slavery. Humanism is a general term for many different lines of thought which focus on common solutions to common human issues. ... Syncretism is the attempt to reconcile disparate, even opposing, beliefs and to meld practices of various schools of thought. ... This poster depicting the horrific conditions on slave ships was influencial in mobilizing public opinion against slavery in Great Britain and the United States. ... A monument celebrating the emancipation of slaves in the British Empire in 1834, erected in Victoria Tower Gardens, Millbank, Westminster, London Look up Slavery in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Slavery can mean one or more related conditions which involve control of a person against his or her will, enforced by...


Under the leadership of its second President, F.C.D. Wyneken, the Missouri Synod poured much effort into caring for German immigrants, helping them find a home among other Germans, building churches and paroachial schools and providing pastors and teachers to serve in them. Friedrich Conrad Dietrich (F.C.D.) Wyneken (May 13, 1810-May 4, 1876) Missionary, pastor and the second president of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod. ...


As a result, the new synod grew quickly during the nineteenth century, reaching 685,000 members by 1897.


Transition to English

Until the United States' involvement in the First World War, the synod remained overwhelmingly German in its makeup and its language. The anti-German sentiment caused by that war prompted the church body to "Americanize" its image, and over the next half-century the synod's membership doubled. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


In 1947, the church body shortened its name from "The Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Missouri, Ohio, and other States," to the present one, the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod. 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Consensus and division

Over the past half century, the Missouri Synod has struggled through a number of internal disputes over its doctrinal, theological, and social stances. The most bruising battle took place in the early and mid-1970s, when clashes over scriptural interpretation and academic freedom led the vast majority of the students and faculty at Concordia Seminary in St. Louis, Missouri, to leave that institution. The faculty and students formed a rival institution known as Seminex, or Concordia Seminary in Exile. Prompted by this walkout, about 250 congregations left the Missouri Synod in 1976 to form the Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches (AELC), one of the predecessor bodies to the ELCA. Events and trends Although in the United States and in many other Western societies the 1970s are often seen as a period of transition between the turbulent 1960s and the more conservative 1980s and 1990s, many of the trends that are associated widely with the Sixties, from the Sexual Revolution... Academic freedom is a widely used and championed phrase, but an often poorly defined concept with different meanings in different cultures and different contexts. ... Concordia Seminary is located in Clayton, Missouri, an inner-ring suburb on the western border of Saint Louis, Missouri. ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... Missouri, named after the Missouri Siouan Indian tribe meaning canoe, is a Midwestern state of the United States with Jefferson City as its capital. ... Seminex is the widely used abbreviation for Concordia Seminary in Exile (later Christ Seminary-Seminex). ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches (AELC) was a U.S. church body that existed from 1976 through the end of 1987. ... The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America or ELCA is a mainline Protestant denomination headquarted in Chicago, Illinois. ...


After a period of relative calm in the 1980s, these disputes reemerged in the 1990s. The LCMS's more conservative wing and its more moderate wing have both established a plethora of internal caucuses, organizations, and news services to promote their opinions and campaign for candidates for Synod leadership. These include conservative/"Confessional" groups such as Reclaiming Walther (http://www.reclaimingwalther.org/), Christian News (http://www.lutherannews.info/), and Consensus (http://www.consensuslutheran.org/), and moderate groups such as Jesus First (http://www.jesusfirst.net/), Day Star (http://www.day-star.net/), and Voices/Vision (http://www.voicesvision.org/). Points of disargeement range across the entire life of the church, including worship style, ecumenical fellowship with other church bodies, the role of women in the church, methods for training leaders and expanding congregations, approaches to scriptural interpretation, the proper relationship between the sacred and secular spheres, the role of evangelism and the methods of evangelism to be used, and the appropriate division of powers amongst the Synod, its districts, and the Synod's constituent congregations. Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ... Events and trends Technology The World Wide Web was born at CERN Explosive growth of the Internet; decrease in the cost of computers and other technology Reduction in size and cost of mobile phones leads to a massive surge in their popularity Year 2000 problem (commonly known as Y2K) Microsoft...


Tensions between the Synod’s two wings flared in the months following September 11, 2001, after Atlantic District President David Benke took part in an inter-faith prayer event at Yankee Stadium to commemorate the victims of the terrorist attack on New York. Many in the conservative-confessional camp argued that Benke, by participating in a prayer event alongside non-Lutheran clergy and leaders of non-Christian faiths, had engaged in practices that the Synod condemns as "syncretism" and "unionism." Meanwhile, Benke's defenders, mostly in the Synod's moderate wing, replied that he had given Christian witness in a permissible manner, and that the event was not a religious service. As Benke's case bounced back and forth amongst a number of church officials for adjudication, it became an emblem for broader, longstanding disagreements within the church. The Benke controversy has left many LCMS members speaking of a "crisis in the Synod" and warning openly of possible schism. The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ... Interfaith is to cooperate with people of other faiths. ... Yankee Stadium is the home of the New York Yankees, a major league baseball team. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... Syncretism is the attempt to reconcile disparate, even opposing, beliefs and to meld practices of various schools of thought. ... The word schism, from the Greek σχισμα, schisma (from σχιζω, schizo, to split), means a division or a split, usually in an organization. ...


The debate was a focal point for action during the 2004 synodical convention. Changes were approved making it harder to bring charges against ordained clergy. Furthermore, a conflict in governance between the synodical Board of Directors and the President's office was brought to the forefront. The convention sought to restrict the Board of Director's authority. However, necessary approval by two thirds of the church's congregations was not forthcoming. Considerable tension and discussion continue nearly a year following the convention.


Teachings of the LCMS

Doctrinal sources and standards (formal principle)

One of the signature teachings of the Lutheran Reformation is the teaching named Sola scriptura -- "Scripture alone." The Missouri Synod believes that the Bible is the only standard by which teachings and doctrines can be judged. It also holds that the Holy Scripture is explained and interpreted by the Book of Concord -- a series of Confessions of faith composed by Lutherans in the 16th Century. Missouri Synod pastors and congregations agree to teach in harmony with the Book of Concord because it teaches and faithfully explains the Word of God. For this reason, many Missouri Synod Lutherans who follow the Book of Concord closely, especially conservative Lutherans, refer to themselves as Confessional Lutherans. In Christian theology, a formal principle is the authority which forms or shapes the doctrinal system of a religion, religious movement or tradition or a religious body or organization. ... The Book of Concord was published in 1580 and is a compilation of Lutheran beliefs. ... Confessional Lutherans are Christians committed to believing, teaching and confessing the doctrines taught in the Book of Concord because they believe them to be faithful to the teachings of the Bible. ...


The Missouri Synod also teaches Biblical inerrancy. For this reason, they reject much of modern liberal scholarship. Biblical inerrancy is the view that the Bible is the Word of God and is in every detail infallible and without error. ...


Major doctrines (material principle)

Doctrine, from Latin doctrina, (compare doctor), means a body of teachings or instructions, taught principles or positions, as the body of teachings in a branch of knowledge or belief system. ... In Christian theology, a material principle is the central teaching of a religion, religious tradition or movement, religious body or organization. ...

Salvation

The Missouri Synod believes that justification comes from God "by divine grace alone, through faith alone, for Christ's sake alone." It teaches that Jesus is the focus of the entire Bible and that faith in him alone is the way to eternal salvation. The church rejects any attempt to attribute salvation to anything other than Christ's death and resurrection. This article is in need of attention. ... Divine grace is a Christian term for gifts granted to humanity by God, that God is under no need or obligation to grant. ... Jesus, also known as Jesus Christ, is the central figure in Christianity. ...


The means of grace

The Synod teaches that the Word of God, both written and preached, and the Sacraments are means of grace through which the Holy Spirit gives the gift of God's grace, creates faith in hearts of individuals, forgives sins for the sake of Christ's death on the cross, and grant eternal life and salvation. For Missouri Synod Lutherans, sacraments are actions instituted by Jesus and combine a promise in God's Word with a physical element. All agree that Baptism and the Lord's Supper are sacraments. Confession and absolution are considered by some to be a sacrament, because they were instituted by Christ and have His promise of grace, even though they are not tied to a physical element. A sacrament is a Christian rite that mediates, in the sense of being a visible symbol or manifestation of invisible divine grace. ... The Holy Spirit, or the Holy Ghost, is the name used in the Bible referring to the processed Triune God. ... Baptism is a water purification ritual practiced in certain religions such as Christianity, Mandaeanism, Sikhism, and some historic sects of Judaism. ... The Lords Supper is a variation of the name and the service of The Last Supper or Eucharist. ... In criminal proceedings, a confession is a document in which a suspect admits having committed a crime. ...


Real Presence and the Lord's Supper

Regarding the Eucharist, the LCMS rejects the Roman Catholic doctrine of transubstantiation and the Reformed teaching that the Lord's Supper is only merely a symbolic act. Rather, it believes in the doctrine of the Real Presence, that the Body and Blood of Christ are truly present "in, with, and under" the elements of bread and wine. It is occasionally reported by some non-Lutherans that the LCMS and other Lutherans teach the doctrine of consubstantiation which the LCMS rejects. According to Roman Catholic dogma, transubstantiation is the change of the substance of the Eucharistic elements — bread and wine — into the body and blood of Jesus (although they retain the physical accidents — i. ... Real Presence is a term encapsulating belief that Jesus is truly present, body, blood, soul, and divinity, in the Eucharist. ... Consubstantiation is a theory which (like the competing theory of transubstantiation, with which it is often contrasted) attempts to describe the nature of the Christian Eucharist in terms of philosophical metaphysics. ...


Eschatology

The Missouri Synod flatly rejects millenialism and the teaching of the rapture. The church's focus tends to be on immediate salvation rather than on the end times. Millennialism (or chiliasm), from millennium, which literally means thousand years. Primarily a belief in some Christian denominations, literature and folk religion, that at some point in the future there will be a Golden Age, a Paradise on earth when universal peace will reign, when all people will dwell in prosperity... The term rapture is most commonly used to describe an event in certain systems of christian eschatology (study of the end of the world) whereby all true Christians are taken from Earth into Heaven before other events associated with the end of the world take place. ... Albrecht Dürer - Four horsemen of the Apocalypse This article is about the concept of the end of the world. ...


Creation

The LCMS is also creationist and opposed to the teaching of evolution. Creationism is generally the belief that the universe was created by a deity, or alternatively by one or more powerful and intelligent beings. ... Charles Darwin, the father of modern evolutionary theory In the life sciences, evolution is a change in the traits of living organisms over generations, including the emergence of new species. ...


Law and Gospel

The LCMS, along with certain other Lutheran Church Bodies, also teaches the doctrine of the distinction between God's "Law" and God's "Gospel." The Missouri Synod believes that the Holy Scriptures contain only two teachings -- the Law and the Gospel. The Law is all those parts of the Bible that provide commands and instructions, which the LCMS believes are impossible to completely obey. Therefore, the Law is a statement of God's wrath, judgement, and damnation. The Gospel, on the other hand, is the portions of Scripture that promise free salvation from God, even to sinners. The law always condemns, the Gospel always promises. Both the Law and the Gospel are gifts from God. Both are necessary. The function of the law is to show a person their sinful nature and drive them to the Gospel, where the forgiveness of sin is promised for the sake of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.


The LCMS insists that both the Old and the New Testament teach both Law and Gospel. The Old Testament, therefore, is valuable to Christians. Its teachings point forward in time to the Cross of Christ in the same way that the New Testament points backward in time to the Cross. This vital LCMS doctrine was most famously summarized by C. F. W. Walther in his book, The Proper Distinction Between Law and Gospel.


Practices

The Missouri Synod is also conservative in its worship practices. The LCMS endorses the doctrine of close or closed communion -- the policy of sharing the Lord's Supper only with Christians who believe that everything it teaches about the Christian faith is true. There is a variety of ways in which Missouri Synod congregations put close communion into practice, most often asking visitors to speak with the Pastor before coming to that congregation's altar for the first time. Closed Communion is the practice of restricting the serving of the elements of communion (also called Eucharist, The Lords Supper) to those who are members of a particular church, denomination, or sect. ...


The Missouri Synod has no official policy on worship style. The synod only requires that hymns, songs, rituals and practices be in harmony with the teachings of the synod. Historically, worship in Missouri Synod congregations is traditional and liturgical, utilizing a printed order of service, a Hymnal and traditional hymns, accompanied by a pipe organ or other classical instruments. In recent years, many congregations have adopted a variety of less formal worship styles, employing Contemporary Christian music, pianos, guitars and other instruments. There is a vigorous debate among LCMS Lutherans on the appropriateness of these forms. From the Greek word λειτουργια, which can be transliterated as leitourgia, meaning the work of the people, a liturgy comprises a prescribed religious ceremony, according to the traditions of a particular religion; it may refer to, or include, an elaborate formal ritual (such as the Catholic Mass), a daily activity... A hymn is a song specifically written as a song of praise, adoration or prayer, typically addressed to a god. ... This article is part of the Pipe Organ Refactor Project. ... Upon This Rock, Larry Norman (1969) Contemporary Christian Music (CCM), or Christian pop/rock music, is a sub-genre of Christian music. ...


The Missouri Synod holds that the ordination of women as clergy is contrary to scripture. The issue of women's roles in the church body has continued to be a subject of great debate within the Synod. Women received the right to suffrage within Missouri Synod congregations in 1969, and it was decided in a narrow vote at the Synod's 2004 convention that women may also "serve in humanly established offices" such as congregation president, reader, or usher. Several caucuses within the Synod are currently pressing for a wider-ranging reevaluation of the issue of the ordination of women, although at the present time, they are a distinct minority. Controversy in a number of churches over the ordination of women as priests or ministers. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


A Brief Statement of the Doctrinal Position of the Missouri Synod (http://www.lutheran-resources.org/lutheran_beliefs.htm) provides a summary of the major beliefs of the LCMS.


Church structure

The Synodical structure is congregational (run by congregations) instead of episcopal (run by bishops), although, unlike some other Protestant denominations, this is not considered to be a point of doctrine, as the Synod is in fellowship with some Lutheran church bodies in Europe that have an episcopal structure. Congregations are served by a full-time professional clergy. Congregationalist chuch governance, often known as congregationalism, is a system of church governance in which every local congregation is independent. ... Episcopalian government in the church is rule by a hierarchy of bishops (Greek: episcopoi). ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ...


The corporate LCMS is formally constituted of two types of members: autonomous local congregations that qualify for membership by mutual agreement to adhere to stated principles, and clergymen who qualify by similar means. Congregations hold legal title to their church buildings and other property, and call and dismiss their own clergy. Much of the practical work of the LCMS structure is as a free employment brokerage to bring the two together; it also allows the congregations to work together on projects far too large for even a local consortium of congregations to accomplish, such as foregin mission work.


The entire synod is divided into districts, usually corresponding to a specific geographic area, as well as two non-geographical districts, the English and the SELC, which were formed when the formerly separate English Missouri Synod and the Slovak Synod, respectively, merged with the formerly German-speaking Missouri Synod. Each district is led by an elected district president, who must be an ordained clergyman. Most district presidencies are full-time positions, but there are a few exceptions in which the district president also serves as a parish pastor. The districts are subdivided into circuits, each of which is led by an ordained pastor from one of the member congregations.


The LCMS as a whole is led by an ordained Synodical President, currently Gerald B. Kieschnick. The President is chosen at a synodical convention, a gathering of the two membership groups (professional clergymen, and lay representatives from the member congregations). The convention is held every three years; discusions of doctrine and policy take place at these events, and elections are held to fill various Synodical positions. The Rev. ... In religious organizations , the laity comprises all lay persons, i. ...


LCMS pastors are generally required to have a four-year bachelor's degree (in any discipline), as well as a four-year Master of Divinity degree from one of the body's two seminaries: Concordia Seminary in St. Louis or the Concordia Theological Seminary in Fort Wayne, Indiana. Seminary training includes classwork in historical theology, Biblical languages (Biblical Greek and Hebrew), practical application (education, preaching, and mission), and doctrine (the basic teachings and beliefs of the church). Ordination is seen as a public ceremony of recognition that a man has received and accepted a divine call, and hence is considered to be in the office of the ministry. The LCMS does not believe ordination is an extension of apostolic succession but sees the office grounded in the preaching ministry of the Gospel. Master of Divinity is a common degree among theological seminaries and is considered the minimum academic requirement for ordination into pastoral ministry. ... Concordia Seminary is located in Clayton, Missouri, an inner-ring suburb on the western border of Saint Louis, Missouri. ... The Concordia Theological Seminary is an institution of theological higher education of The Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod, located in Fort Wayne, Indiana, dedicated primarily to the preparation of pastors for the congregations and missions of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod (and, when appropriate, of its partner churches). ... City nickname: The Summit City Location in the state of Indiana County Allen County, Indiana Area  - Total  - Water 127 km^2 (78. ... The Greek language (Greek Ελληνικά, IPA – Hellenic) is an Indo-European language with a documented history of some 3,000 years. ... The Modern Hebrew language is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family. ... In Christianity, the doctrine of apostolic succession maintains that the Christian Church is the spiritual successor of the Apostles. ...


Organizations

The LCMS operates ten universities known as the Concordia University System. Among the LCMS's other auxiliary organizations are the Lutheran Laymen's League, which conducts outreach ministries including The Lutheran Hour radio program, and the Lutheran Women's Missionary League. The synod also operates a publishing company, Concordia Publishing House. The Concordia University System is a organization of ten colleges and universities throughout the United States operated by the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod. ... The Lutheran Hour is a U.S. religious radio program heard on over 1,200 stations nationally. ...


Relationship with other church bodies

Maintaining its position as a confessional church emphasizing the importance of agreement in the teachings of the Bible, the LCMS is not associated with ecumenical organizations such as the National Council of Churches, the National Association of Evangelicals, the World Council of Churches or the Lutheran World Federation. The National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA (or National Council of Churches USA, NCC) is an organization currently (2004) consisting of 36 Protestant, Anglican, and Orthodox Christian denominations. ... The National Association of Evangelicals (NAE) is an agency dedicated to coordinating cooperative ministry for evangelical denominations of Christians in the United States. ... The World Council of Churches (or WCC) is the principal international Christian ecumenical organization. ... The Lutheran World Federation (LWF) is a global association of national and regional Lutheran churches headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. ...


However, it is a member of the International Lutheran Council, made up of over 30 Lutheran Churches world wide that support the confessional doctrines of the Bible and the Book of Concord. The International Lutheran Council is a worldwide association of confessional Lutheran denominations. ... The Book of Concord was published in 1580 and is a compilation of Lutheran beliefs. ...


At present, the LCMS is in fellowship with the Lutheran Church - Canada. Originally the three districts comprising the Lutheran Church - Canada were districts of the LCMS and eventually it was decided that it would be best if the Canadian congregations formed the Lutheran Church - Canada. Lutheran Church – Canada was founded in 1988 when the Canadian congregations of St. ... Lutheran Church – Canada was founded in 1988 when the Canadian congregations of St. ...


With 2.6 million members, the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod is the second largest American Lutheran denomination, after Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) with 5.1 million members, and followed by the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod with 410,000. The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America or ELCA is a mainline Protestant denomination headquartered in Chicago, Illinois. ... Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS)[1] is a United States religious denomination belonging to the Lutheran tradition within Christianity. ...


The LCMS is distinguished from its closest non-LCMS Lutheran US denomination - the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS) - by three main theological beliefs: Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS)[1] is a United States religious denomination belonging to the Lutheran tradition within Christianity. ...

1. The biblical understanding of fellowship - the LCMS believes in a distinction between the altar, pulpit fellowship, and other manifestations of Christian fellowship (i.e., a prayer fellowship). The WELS does not.
2. The doctrine of the ministry - the LCMS believes that the Pastoral office is divinely established, but all other offices are human institutions and hence are not divinely established. The WELS does not believe that any office is divinely established.
3. The role of women in the church - Both the LCMS and WELS agree that Scriptures reserve the pastoral office for men. However, the WELS also believes that the Scriptures forbid women's suffrage in the congregation.

Presidents

Carl Ferdinand Wilhelm (C.F.W.) Walther (October 25, 1811 - May 17, 1887), was the first President of the Lutheran Church _ Missouri Synod. ... Friedrich Conrad Dietrich (F.C.D.) Wyneken (May 13, 1810-May 4, 1876) Missionary, pastor and the second president of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod. ... Carl Ferdinand Wilhelm (C.F.W.) Walther (October 25, 1811 - May 17, 1887), was the first President of the Lutheran Church _ Missouri Synod. ... The Rev. ...

External links

Print Resources

History

Historical Documents and Accounts

  • Forster, Walter O. Zion on the Mississippi: The Settlement of the Saxon Lutherans in Missouri 1839-1841. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1953.
  • Janzow, W. Theophil. Thy Kingdom Come: A History of the Nebraska District of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod. Seward, NE: The Nebraska District of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod, 1983.
  • Meyer, Carl S. Moving Frontiers: Readings in the History of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1964. LOC 63-21161
  • Rudnick, Milton L. Fundamentalism and the Missouri Synod: A historical study of their interaction and mutual influence. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1966. LOC 66-28229
  • Suelflow, August R. Heritage in Motion: Readings in the History of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod 1962-1995. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1998. ISBN 0-570-04266-6
  • Todd, Mary. Authority Vested: A Story of Identity and Change in the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2000. ISBN 0-8028-4457-X

The Seminex Controversy

  • Danker, Frederick W. No Room in the Brotherhood: The Preus-Otten Purge of Missouri. St. Louis: Clayton Publishing House, 1977. ISBN 0-915644-10-X
  • Marquart, Kurt E. Anatomy of an Explosion: Missouri in Lutheran Perspective. Fort Wayne, IN: Concordia Theological Seminary Press, 1977.

Seminex is the widely used abbreviation for Concordia Seminary in Exile (later Christ Seminary-Seminex). ...

Missions

  • Our China Mission. Men and Missions IV. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1926.
  • Gieseler, Carl A. The Wide-Open Island City: Home Mission Work in a Big City. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1927.
  • Kretzmann, Paul E. Glimpses of the Lives of Great Missionary Women. Men and Missions IX. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1930.
  • Krueger, Ottomar. "Unto the Uttermost Part of the Earth": The Life of Pastor Louis Harms. Men and Missions VIII. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1930.

General

  • Arand, Charles P. Testing the Boundaries: Windows to Lutheran Identity. St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1995. ISBN 0-570-04839-7
  • Cimino, Richard. Lutherans Today: American Lutheran Identity in the Twenty-First Century. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans, 2003. ISBN 0-8028-1365-8
  • Nelson, E. Clifford et al. The Lutherans in North America. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1975. ISBN 0-8006-0409-1
  • Strommen, Merton P., Milo L. Brekke, Ralph C. Underwager, and Arthur L. Johnson. A Study of Generations: Report of a Two-Year Study of 5,000 Lutherans Between the Ages of 15-65: Their Beliefs, Values, Attitudes, Behavior. Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1972. ISBN 0-8066-1207-X

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod - Belief & Practice (491 words)
Being "Lutheran," our congregations accept and teach Bible-based teachings of Martin Luther that inspired the reformation of the Christian Church in the 16th century.
The word "Synod" in The Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod comes from Greek words that mean "walking together." The term has rich meaning in our church body, because congregations voluntarily choose to belong to the Synod.
Contained in The Book of Concord: The Confessions of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, these statements of belief were put into writing by church leaders during the 16th century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m