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Encyclopedia > Luther Bible
Luther's 1534 bible
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Luther's 1534 bible

The Luther Bible is a German Bible translation by Martin Luther, first printed with both testaments in 1534. This translation was largely responsible for the evolution of the modern German language. The Bible has been translated into many languages. ... Luther at age 46 (Lucas Cranach the Elder, 1529) The Luther seal Martin Luther (November 10, 1483–February 18, 1546) was a German theologian, an Augustinian monk, and an ecclesiastical reformer whose teachings inspired the Reformation and deeply influenced the doctrines and culture of the Lutheran and Protestant traditions. ... Events February 27 - Group of Anabaptists of Jan Matthys seize Münster and declare it The New Jerusalem - they begin to exile dissenters and forcible baptize all others May 10 - Jacques Cartier explores Newfoundland while searching for the Northwest Passage. ... German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ...


"The task of translating the Bible which he thus assumed was to absorb him until the end of his life." (Martin Brecht, Martin Luther: Shaping and Defining the Reformation, 1521-1532, Minneapolis: Fortress, p. 46). While he was sequestered in the Wartburg Castle (1521-1522) Luther began to translate the New Testament into his vernacular German in order to make it more accessible to the common people. He used Erasmus's second edition (1519) of the Greek New Testament, which would be later known as the Textus Receptus. To help him in translating Luther would make forays into the nearby towns and markets to listen to people speak. He wanted to insure their comprehension by a translation closest to their contemporary language usage. It was published in 1522. Wartburg in Eisenach Wartburg Castle is situated on a 1230-foot (410 m) precipitous hill to the southwest of and overlooking the town of Eisenach in Thuringia. ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem. ... Events January 9 - Adrian Dedens becomes Pope Adrian VI. February 26 - Execution by hanging of Cuauhtémoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan under orders of conquistador Hernán Cortés. ... See New Covenant for the concept translated as New Testament in the KJV. The New Testament, sometimes called the Greek Testament or Greek Scriptures, and, in recent times, also New Covenant, is the name given to the part of the Christian Bible that was written after the birth of Jesus. ... This article deals with the Erasmus, the theologian. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ... Textus Receptus (Latin: received text) is the name given to the first Greek language text of the New Testament to be printed with movable type. ... Events January 9 - Adrian Dedens becomes Pope Adrian VI. February 26 - Execution by hanging of Cuauhtémoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan under orders of conquistador Hernán Cortés. ...


Initially Luther had a low view of the books of Esther, Hebrews, James, Jude, and Revelation. He called the epistle of James "an epistle of straw," finding little in it that pointed to Christ and His saving work. He also had harsh words for the book of Revelation, saying that he could "in no way detect that the Holy Spirit produced it."[1] He had reason to question the apostolicity of Hebrews, James, Jude, and Revelation because the early church categorized these books as antilegomena, meaning that they were not accepted without reservation as canonical. Luther did not, however, remove them from his editions of the Scriptures. His views on some of these books changed in later years. The Book of Esther is a book of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) and of the Old Testament. ... The Epistle to the Hebrews (abbreviated Heb. ... The Epistle of James is a book of the New Testament, best known for its teaching that faith without works is dead (James 2:26 KJV). ... The brief Epistle of Jude is a book in the Christian New Testament canon. ... Visions John the Evangelist, as depicted in the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry. ... Apostolicity is the consistency and accuracy with which modern Catholicism adheres to mission, doctrine and origins of primitive Christianity and the early Catholic Church. ... Certain books of the New Testament which were for a time not universally received, but which are now considered canonical. ... Canonical is an adjective derived from canon. ...


His first full Bible translation into German, including the Old Testament, was published in a six-part edition in 1534. Luther's translation work helped standardize German and is considered a landmark in German literature. Note: Judaism commonly uses the term Tanakh, but not Old Testament, because it does not recognize the concept of a New Testament. ... Events February 27 - Group of Anabaptists of Jan Matthys seize Münster and declare it The New Jerusalem - they begin to exile dissenters and forcible baptize all others May 10 - Jacques Cartier explores Newfoundland while searching for the Northwest Passage. ...


Luther chose to omit the portions of the Old Testament found in the Greek Septuagint, but not in the Hebrew Masoretic texts then available. These were included in his earliest translation, but were later set aside as "good to read" but not as the inspired Word of God. The setting aside (or simple exclusion) of these texts in/from Bibles was eventually adopted by nearly all Protestants (See Biblical canon). The Septuagint (LXX) is the name commonly given in the West to the Koine Greek Alexandrine text of the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh/Old Testament) produced some time between the third to first century BC. The Septuagint Bible includes additional books of the old Jewish canon beyond those contained in the... The Masoretic Text (MT) is the Hebrew text of the Tanakh approved for general use in Judaism. ... The Biblical canon is an exclusive list of books written during the formative period of the Jewish or Christian faiths; the leaders of these communities believed these books to be inspired by God or to express the authoritative history of the relationship between God and his people (although there may...


The Z├╝rich Bible is in part based on Luther's Bible, but the full translation appeared several years ahead of Luther, in 1531. Events January 26 - Lisbon, Portugal is hit by an earthquake-- thousands die October 1 - Battle of Kappel - The forces of Zürich are defeated by the Catholic cantons. ...


 
 

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