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Encyclopedia > Lumbricus terrestris
Wikipedia:How to read a taxobox
How to read a taxobox
Common Earthworm

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Annelida
Class: Clitellata
Subclass: Oligochaeta
Order: Haplotaxida
Family: Lumbricidae
Genus: Lumbricus
Species: L. terrestris
Binomial name
Lumbricus terrestris
Linnaeus, 1758

Lumbricus terrestris (L.) is a large reddish worm native to Europe, but now also widely distributed elsewhere around the world (along with several other lumbricids), due to human introductions. In some areas where it has been introduced, some people consider it to be a serious pest species, since it is out-competing locally native worms. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (750x729, 136 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Earthworm Lumbricus terrestris Haplotaxida ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... “Animalia” redirects here. ... Classes and subclasses Class Polychaeta (paraphyletic?) Class Clitellata    Oligochaeta - Earthworms and others    Acanthobdellida    Branchiobdellida    Hirudinea - Leeches Class Myzostomida Class Archiannelida (polyphyletic) Class Echiura *Some authors consider the subclasses under Clitellata to be classes The annelids, collectively called Annelida, are a large phylum of animals, comprising the segmented worms, with about... Clitellata is a Class of Annelid worms. ... This Tree of Life article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... -1... Common genera Lumbricus Eisenia Eiseniella Allolobophora Aporrectodea Bimastos Dendrobaena Dendrodrilus (and more) The Lumbricidae is a family of earthworms which includes most of the well-known earthworm species. ... Lumbricus contains some of the most commonly seen species of earthworms. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal system of naming species. ... Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 23, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Common genera Lumbricus Eisenia Eiseniella Allolobophora Aporrectodea Bimastos Dendrobaena Dendrodrilus (and more) The Lumbricidae is a family of earthworms which includes most of the well-known earthworm species. ...


Through much of Europe it is the largest naturally occurring species of earthworm, typically reaching 20-25cm long when extended (though in parts of southern Europe there are native species which are much larger). It has an unusual habit of copulating on the surface at night, which makes it more visible than most other earthworms. Families   Acanthodrilidae   Ailoscolecidae   Alluroididae   Almidae   Criodrilidae   Eudrilidae   Exxidae   Glossoscolecidae   Lumbricidae   Lutodrilidae   Megascolecidae   Microchaetidae   Ocnerodrilidae   Octochaetidae   Sparganophilidae Earthworm is the common name for the largest members of the Oligochaeta (which is either a class or subclass depending on the author) in the phylum Annelida. ...


Common names

Being widely known, Lumbricus terrestris goes under a variety of common names. In the British Isles, it is primarily called the Common Earthworm. In North America and New Zealand, the term Nightcrawler (or Vitalis) is more common. In Canada, it is also called the Dew Worm or "Canadian Nightcrawler" and in Britain, Lob Worm (though that name is also applied to a marine polychaete), or "European Night Crawler." In the rest of the world, most references are just to the scientific name, though, with occasional reference to the above names. World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... For the animal nightcrawler, see Lumbricus terrestris. ... Subclasses Palpata Scoleoida Tomopteris from plankton The Polychaeta or polychaetes are a class of annelid worms, generally marine. ...


Although this is not the most abundant earthworm, not even in its native range, it is a very conspicuous and familiar earthworm species in garden and agricultural soils of the temperate zone, and is frequently seen on the surface, unlike most other earthworms. It is also used as the example earthworm for millions of biology students around the world, even in areas where the species does not exist. However, this name can be a source of confusion, since in most of the world, other species are more typical. For example, through much of the unirrigated temperate areas of the world, the "common earthworm" is actually Aporrectodea (=Allolobophora) trapezoides, which in those areas is a similar size and dark color to Lumbricus terrestris.


Biology

Lumbricus terrestris is an anecic worm, that is, it forms permanent deep burrows and comes to the surface to feed, as opposed to burrowing through the soil for its food as most other earthworms do. An unusual habit of this species is to pull leaves into the mouth of its burrow where they partially decay before being eaten. While they generally feed on plant material, they have been observed feeding on dead insects and feces.


The potential life span of Lumbricus terrestris is unknown, though it has been kept in the laboratory for 6 years. Official estimates of 4 to 8 years for a general life span are probably reasonable.


In parts of Europe, notably the Atlantic fringe of northwestern Europe, it is now locally endangered due to predation by the New Zealand Flatworm (Arthurdendyus triangulatus) and the Australian Flatworm (Australoplana sanguinea), two predatory flatworms accidentally introduced from New Zealand and Australia. These predators are very efficient earthworm eaters, being able to survive for lengthy periods with no food, so therefore still persisting even when their prey has dropped to unsustainably low populations. In some areas, this is having a serious adverse effect on soil structure and quality, as the soil aeration and organic material mixing previously done by the earthworms ceases. World map showing the location of Europe. ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... The New Zealand Flatworm (Arthurdendyus triangulatus or Artioposthia triangulata ) is a large flatworm native to New Zealand. ... Classes Monogenea Trematoda Cestoda Turbellaria The flatworms (Platyhelminthes, Greek platy: flat; helminth: worm) are a phylum of relatively simple soft-bodied invertebrate animals. ... suck my shlong dick cause soil is my life pedosphere is positioned at the interface of the lithosphere and biosphere with the atmosphere and hydrosphere. ...


Are these facts verified? == Habitat ==



These luscious worms, Italian of origin, live in densely populate areas of China and the middle east. They commonly bury in sand and hibernate for years on end.


Insert non-formatted text hereInsert non-formatted text hereInsert non-formatted text here</nowiki'''>== External links ==''' {{commons}} *[http://www.nightcrawlers.com Nightcrawlers.com World Fishing News Network] *[http://www.crop.cri.nz/home/products-services/environment/earthworms/types-earthworm.jsp Types of Earthworms - New Zealand] *[http://www.uclan.ac.uk/facs/science/erg/faqs.htm Earthworm Research Group (ERG):Frequently Asked Questions] *[http://www.naturenorth.com/fall/ncrawler/ncrawler2.html NNZ-Nightcrawler] *[http://www.manuscript-submission.de/journals/files/pedo/2810166a.pdf The microfungal community of ''Lumbricus terrestris'' middens in a Linden (''Tilia cordata'') forest (PDF)] *[http://files.dnr.state.mn.us/ecological_services/nongame/projects/consgrant_reports/2002_Frelich_sign2.pdf Exotic Earthworms in Minnesota Hardwood Forests (PDF)] [[Category:Annelids]] [[cs:Žížala obecná]] [[da:Stor regnorm]] [[de:Tauwurm]] [[fi:Kastemato]] [[lt:Sliekas]] [[pl:Dżdżownica ziemna]] [[sr:Кишна глиста]]


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lumbricus terrestris - definition of Lumbricus terrestris in Encyclopedia (590 words)
Lumbricus terrestris is a large reddish worm native to Europe.
Lumbricus terrestris is an anecic worm, that is, it forms permanent deep burrows and comes to the surface to feed, as opposed to burrowing through the soil for its food as most other earthworms do.
The potential life span of Lumbricus terrestris is unknown, though it has been kept in the laboratory for 6 years.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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