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Encyclopedia > Lumbar arteries
Artery: Lumbar arteries
Latin arteriae lumbales
Gray's subject #154 612
Supplies Quadratus lumborum
Source abdominal aorta
Dorlands/Elsevier a_61/12154932

The lumbar arteries are in series with the intercostals. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language. ... The Quadratus lumborum muscle is a muscle of the human body. ... AORTA can also mean always-on real-time access, referring to WAN computer networks. ... Elseviers logo Elsevier, the worlds largest publisher of medical and scientific literature, forms part of the Reed Elsevier group. ... Intercostal Arteries: There are usually nine pairs of aortic intercostal arteries. ...


They are usually four in number on either side, and arise from the back of the aorta, opposite the bodies of the upper four lumbar vertebræ. The largest artery in the human body, the aorta originates from the left ventricle of the heart and brings oxygenated blood to all parts of the body in the systemic circulation. ... A typical lumbar vertebra The lumbar vertebrae are the largest segments of the movable part of the vertebral column, and can be distinguished by the absence of a foramen (hole) in the transverse process, and by the absence of facets on the sides of the body. ...


A fifth pair, small in size, is occasionally present: they arise from the middle sacral artery.


They run lateralward and backward on the bodies of the lumbar vertebræ, behind the sympathetic trunk, to the intervals between the adjacent transverse processes, and are then continued into the abdominal wall. A typical lumbar vertebra The lumbar vertebrae are the largest segments of the movable part of the vertebral column, and can be distinguished by the absence of a foramen (hole) in the transverse process, and by the absence of facets on the sides of the body. ...


The arteries of the right side pass behind the inferior vena cava, and the upper two on each side run behind the corresponding crus of the diaphragm. This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. ... In the anatomy of mammals, the diaphragm is a shelf of muscle extending across the bottom of the ribcage. ...


The arteries of both sides pass beneath the tendinous arches which give origin to the Psoas major, and are then continued behind this muscle and the lumbar plexus. The psoas major is a muscle of the human abdomen. ... Grays Fig. ...


They now cross the Quadratus lumborum, the upper three arteries running behind, the last usually in front of the muscle. The Quadratus lumborum is irregularly quadrilateral in shape, and broader below than above. ...


At the lateral border of the Quadratus lumborum they pierce the posterior aponeurosis of the Transversus abdominis and are carried forward between this muscle and the Obliquus internus. The transversus abdominis muscle, also known as the transverse abdominal muscle, is a muscle layer of the anterior and lateral abdominal wall which is near to the internal oblique muscle. ... The internal oblique (or Obliquus internus abdominis) is the intermediate muscle of the abdomen, lying just underneath the external oblique and just above (superficial to) the transverse abdominal muscle. ...


They anastomose with the lower intercostal, the subcostal, the iliolumbar, the deep iliac circumflex, and the inferior epigastric arteries. The iliolumbar artery, a branch of the posterior trunk of the hypogastric, turns upward behind the obturator nerve and the external iliac vessels, to the medial border of the Psoas major, behind which it divides into a lumbar and an iliac branch. ... Grays Fig. ...


External links

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant. eMedicine is an online clinical medical knowledge base that was founded in 1996. ... The State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, better known as SUNY Downstate Medical Center, is an academic medical center and is the only one of its kind in the Borough of Brooklyn in New York City. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...

Arteries of thorax, abdomen, and pelvis edit

pulmonary - aorta - ascending aorta
right coronary (sinuatrial nodal, atrioventricular nodal, atrial, right marginal, posterior interventricular)
left coronary (anterior interventricular, left circumflex, left marginal)
aortic arch - brachiocephalic - thyreoidea ima - common carotid | (Gray's s141-Gray's s143) Section of an artery An artery or arterial is also a class of highway. ... The pulmonary arteries carry blood from the heart to the lungs. ... The largest artery in the human body, the aorta originates from the left ventricle of the heart and brings oxygenated blood to all parts of the body in the systemic circulation. ... The arch of the aorta, and its branches. ... The coronary circulation consists of the blood vessels that supply blood to, and remove blood from, the heart. ... The atrioventricular nodal branch most freqently arises as an early branch from the right coronary artery, but occasionally the atrioventricular node receives blood from the circumflex branch of left coronary artery. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with right coronary artery. ... The left coronary artery, also abbreviated LCA, arises from the aorta above the left cusp of the aortic valve. ... The LAD, or left anterior descending artery (or anterior interventricular branch of the left coronary artery, or anterior descending branch) passes at first behind the pulmonary artery and then comes forward between that vessel and the left auricula to reach the anterior interventricular sulcus, along which it descends to the... The LCX, or left circumflex artery (or circumflex artery, or circumflex branch of the left coronary artery) follows the left part of the coronary sulcus, running first to the left and then to the right, reaching nearly as far as the posterior longitudinal sulcus. ... The left marginal artery (or obtuse marginal artery) is a branch of the circumflex artery, originating at the posterior interventricular sulcus, traveling along the left margin of heart towards the apex of the heart. ... The arch of the aorta, and its branches. ... The brachiocephalic artery (or trunk) is an artery of the mediastinum that supplies blood to the right arm and the head. ... Left Common Carotid Artery- One of three arteries that originate along the aortic arch. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


DESCENDING AORTA / THORACIC AORTA: bronchial - esophageal - posterior intercostal - subcostal | (Gray's s153) The largest artery in the human body, the aorta originates from the left ventricle of the heart and brings oxygenated blood to all parts of the body in the systemic circulation. ... The largest artery in the human body, the aorta originates from the left ventricle of the heart and brings oxygenated blood to all parts of the body in the systemic circulation. ... Bronchial Artery The bronchial arteries supply nutrients and oxygen to the root of the lungs, the supporting tissues of the lungs, and the visceral pleura of the lungs. ... The esophageal arteries four or five in number, arise from the front of the aorta, and pass obliquely downward to the esophagus, forming a chain of anastomoses along that tube, anastomosing with the esophageal branches of the inferior thyroid arteries above, and with ascending branches from the left inferior phrenic... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


ABDOMINAL AORTA: Visceral branches: celiac - left gastric - hepatic/common hepatic/proper hepatic: right gastric - gastroduodenal - right gastro-omental - superior pancreaticoduodenal - cystic
splenic: pancreatic branches - arteria pancreatica magna - short gastric - left gastro-omental
superior mesenteric: inferior pancreaticoduodenal - intestinal - ileocolic (appendicular) - right colic - middle colic - inferior mesenteric: left colic - sigmoid - superior rectal
middle suprarenal - renal - inferior suprarenal - testicular/ovarian
Parietal branches: inferior phrenic - lumbar - median sacral
Terminal branches: common iliac - marginal - internal iliac | (Gray's s154) AORTA can also mean always-on real-time access, referring to WAN computer networks. ... celiac artery ... The left gastric artery arises from the coeliac trunk, and runs along the superior portion of the lesser curvature of the stomach, while the right gastric artery supplies the inferior portion. ... Hepatic artery is an artery that distributes blood to the liver, pancreas and gallbladder as well as to the stomach and duodenal portion of the small intestine. ... Branches of the celiac artery - stomach in situ. ... The hepatic artery proper (also proper hepatic artery), arises from the common hepatic artery and joins the portal vein and the common bile duct to form the portal triad. ... Branches of the celiac artery. ... The cystic artery supplies oxygenated blood to the gallbladder and cystic duct. ... Branches of the celiac artery. ... In human anatomy, the arteria pancreatica magna, also great pancreatic artery and greater pancreatic artery, is the largest blood vessel that supplies oxygenated blood to the pancreas and arises from the splenic artery. ... The left gastro-omental artery (or left gastroepiploic artery), the largest branch of the splenic artery, runs from left to right about a finger’s breadth or more from the greater curvature of the stomach, between the layers of the greater omentum, and anastomoses with the right gastroepiploic. ... The superior mesenteric artery arises from the anterior surface of the aorta, just inferior to the origin of the celiac trunk, and supplies the intestine from the duodenum and pancreas to the left colic flexure. ... The inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery is given off from the superior mesenteric or from its first intestinal branch, opposite the upper border of the inferior part of the duodenum. ... The Intestinal Arteries (vasa intestini tenuis) arise from the convex side of the superior mesenteric artery. ... The Ileocolic Artery is the lowest branch arising from the concavity of the superior mesenteric artery. ... The appendicular artery descends behind the termination of the ileum and enters the mesenteriole of the vermiform process; it runs near the free margin of this mesenteriole and ends in branches which supply the vermiform process. ... In human anatomy, the inferior mesenteric artery, often abbreviated as IMA, supplies the large intestine from the left colic (or splenic) flexure to the upper part of the rectum, which includes the descending colon, the sigmoid colon, and part of the rectum. ... The left colic artery runs to the left behind the peritoneum and in front of the psoas major muscle, and after a short, but variable, course divides into an ascending and a descending branch; the stem of the artery or its branches cross the left ureter and left internal spermatic... Human kidneys viewed from behind with spine removed The renal arteries normally arise off the abdominal aorta and supply the kidneys with blood. ... Each renal artery gives off some small inferior suprarenal branches to the suprarenal gland, the ureter, and the surrounding cellular tissue and muscles. ... The inferior phrenic arteries are two small vessels, which supply the diaphragm but present much variety in their origin. ... Bifurcation of the aorta and the right iliac arteries - side view. ... Frontal view of the abdominal aorta and the territory supplied by the inferior mesenteric artery. ... The Internal iliac artery, formerly known as the hypogastric artery, supplies the walls and viscera of the pelvis, the buttock, the reproductive organs, and the medial compartment of the thigh. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


INTERNAL ILIAC: umbilical - superior vesical - to ductus deferens - middle vesical - inferior vesical - middle rectal - uterine - azygos of the vagina - vaginal - obturator
internal pudendal: inferior rectal - perineal - artery of the urethral bulb - urethral - deep artery of the penis - dorsal artery of the penis
inferior gluteal: accompanying of ischiadic nerve - crucial anastomosis
iliolumbar - lateral sacral - superior gluteal | (Gray's s155) The Internal iliac artery, formerly known as the hypogastric artery, supplies the walls and viscera of the pelvis, the buttock, the reproductive organs, and the medial compartment of the thigh. ... Umbilical arteries carry deoxygenated blood from the fetus to the placenta in the umbilical cord. ... The superior vesical artery supplies numerous branches to the upper part of the bladder. ... The artery to the ductus deferens, as its name suggests, is an artery in males that provides blood to the ductus deferens. ... The middle vesical artery, usually a branch of the superior vesical artery, is distributed to the fundus of the bladder and the seminal vesicles. ... The inferior vesical artery frequently arises in common with the middle hemorrhoidal, and is distributed to the fundus of the bladder, the prostate, and the vesiculæ seminales. ... The middle rectal artery usually arises with the inferior vesical artery, a branch of the internal iliac artery. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The uterine artery supplies branches to the cervix uteri and others which descend on the vagina; the latter anastomose with branches of the vaginal arteries and form with them two median longitudinal vessels—the azygos arteries of the vagina—one of which runs down in front of and the other... The vaginal artery usually corresponds to the inferior vesical in the male; it descends upon the vagina, supplying its mucous membrane, and sends branches to the bulb of the vestibule, the fundus of the bladder, and the contiguous part of the rectum . ... The obturator artery passes forward and downward on the lateral wall of the pelvis, to the upper part of the obturator foramen, and, escaping from the pelvic cavity through the obturator canal, it divides into an anterior and a posterior branch. ... Internal pudendal artery is the terminal branch of the anterior trunk of the internal iliac artery which supplies the external genitalia. ... The inferior rectal artery (inferior hemorrhoidal artery) is an artery that supplies blood the the rectum. ... The Perineal Artery (superficial perineal artery) arises from the internal pudendal, and turns upward, crossing either over or under the Transversus perinæi superficialis, and runs forward, parallel to the pubic arch, in the interspace between the Bulbocavernosus and Ischiocavernosus, both of which it supplies, and finally divides into several... The artery of the urethral bulb (artery of bulb of penis) is a short vessel of large caliber which arises from the internal pudendal between the two layers of fascia of the urogenital diaphragm; it passes medialward, pierces the inferior fascia of the urogenital diaphragm, and gives off branches which... The Deep Artery of the Penis (a. ... The Dorsal Artery of the Penis ascends between the crus penis and the pubic symphysis, and, piercing the inferior fascia of the urogenital diaphragm, passes between the two layers of the suspensory ligament of the penis, and runs forward on the dorsum of the penis to the glans, where it... The inferior gluteal artery (sciatic artery), the larger of the two terminal branches of the anterior trunk of the hypogastric, is distributed chiefly to the buttock and back of the thigh. ... The accompanying artery of ischiadic nerve is a long, slender vessel, which accompanies the sciatic nerve for a short distance; it then penetrates it, and runs in its substance to the lower part of the thigh. ... The cruciate anastomosis is an anastomosis in the upper thigh of the inferior gluteal artery, the lateral and medial circumflex femoral arteries, and the first perforating artery of the profunda femoris artery. ... The iliolumbar artery, a branch of the posterior trunk of the hypogastric, turns upward behind the obturator nerve and the external iliac vessels, to the medial border of the Psoas major, behind which it divides into a lumbar and an iliac branch. ... The lateral sacral arteries arise from the posterior division of the hypogastric; there are usually two, a superior and an inferior. ... The superior gluteal artery (gluteal artery) is the largest branch of the hypogastric, and appears to be the continuation of the posterior division of that vessel. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


EXTERNAL ILIAC: inferior epigastric - cremasteric - deep circumflex iliac | (Gray's s156) The external iliac arteries are large arteries that connect the femoral arteries to the common iliac arteries. ... Right inferior epigastric artery - view from inside of abdomen. ... The cremasteric artery (external spermatic artery) is a branch of the Inferior epigastric artery which accompanies the spermatic cord, and supplies the Cremaster and other coverings of the cord, anastomosing with the internal spermatic artery (in the female it is very small and accompanies the round ligament. ... The deep circumflex iliac artery (or deep iliac circumflex artery) is an artery in the pelvis that travels along the iliac crest of the pelvic bone. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
VI. The Arteries. 5b. The Common Iliac Arteries. Gray, Henry. 1918. Anatomy of the Human Body. (3458 words)
The left common iliac artery is in relation, in front, with the peritoneum, the small intestines, branches of the sympathetic nerves, and the superior hemorrhoidal artery; and is crossed at its point of bifurcation by the ureter.
It distributes branches to the Obturator externus, Pectineus, Adductores, and Gracilis, and anastomoses with the posterior branch and with the medial femoral circumflex artery.
The arteries of the gluteal and posterior femoral regions.
Chapter 30: Blood vessels, lymphatic drainage and nerves of the abdomen (2919 words)
All of the parietal branches of the abdominal aorta are paired except the median sacral artery, which arises near the bifurcation and descends to the coccygeal body.
The external iliac artery descends in the iliac fossa and passes posterior to the inguinal ligament to become the femoral artery.
The gonadal arteries arise inferior to the renal arteries (the gonads develop near the kidneys) and are either testicular or ovarian in distribution.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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