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Encyclopedia > Lukang
Lung-shan Temple
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Lung-shan Temple

Lukang(Chinese: 鹿港; pinyin: lùgǎng; Wade-Giles: lu-kang; POJ: Lo̍k-káng; lit. "Deer Harbour") is a township in northwestern Changhua County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China (latitude 24°03'N, longitude 120°26'E). The township is on the west coast of Taiwan, facing the Taiwan Strait. The township's name came from the port's trade of deerskins during the Dutch colonial period. Its old Taiwanese name was Lo̍k-á-káng. Lukang was an important sea port in the 18th century and 19th century. It was the most populous city in central Taiwan until the early 20th century. Image File history File links LugangTownship. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (942x752, 171 KB) Outer gate of the Lung-shan Temple at Lukang, Chang-hua County, Taiwan in 2004, on a cloudy day. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (942x752, 171 KB) Outer gate of the Lung-shan Temple at Lukang, Chang-hua County, Taiwan in 2004, on a cloudy day. ... Pinyin is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard Mandarin, where pin means spell and yin means sound. The most common variant of pinyin in use is called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n), also known as scheme... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... See alternative meanings for other possible definitions. ... The Townships of Taiwan are administrative subdivisions of Taiwan counties. ... Changhua County (彰化縣, pinyin: Zhānghuà Xiàn) is a county in western Taiwan administered as part of Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Taiwan Province can refer to an existing administrative division under the government of the Republic of China or the claimed 23rd province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Motto: None Anthem(s): National Anthem of the Republic of China Capital Taipei City (de facto) Nanjing (de jure)1 Largest city Taipei City Official language(s) Mandarin (GuóyÇ”) Government Semi-presidential system  - President Chen Shui-bian  - Vice President Annette Lu  - Premier Su Tseng-chang Establishment Xinhai Revolution   - Declared... Taiwan Strait Area The Taiwan Strait or Formosa Strait is a 180km-wide Strait between mainland China and the island of Taiwan. ... Taiwanese (pe̍h-oÄ“-jÄ«: Tâi-oân-oÄ“ or Tâi-gí; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: TáiyÇ”, Táiwānhuà) is a dialect of Min Nan Chinese spoken by about 70% of Taiwans population. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...


During the Qing Dynasty, the depth of Lukang's harbour and its proximity to Fujian province on mainland China made Lukang an important trading port. During Lukang's heyday from 1785 to 1845, Lukang's population reached 200,000. Lukang was Taiwan's second largest city after current Tainan and was larger than Bangka (now a district of Taipei), then the island's third-largest city. The Qing Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: QÄ«ng cháo; Wade-Giles: Ching chao; Manchu: daicing gurun), occasionally known as the Manchu Dynasty, was a dynasty founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast China, expanded into China and the surrounding territories, establishing the Empire... Fujian (Chinese: 福建; pinyin: Fújiàn; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal System Pinyin: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of China. ... Tainan redirects here; for the county of the same name see Tainan County Tainan (Chinese: 台南; Hanyu Pinyin: Táinán, Wade-Giles: Tai-nan; POJ: Tâi-lâm) is a city located in southern Taiwan and is the fourth largest after Taipei, Kaohsiung and Taichung. ... Bangka can refer to: the Holo name of Wanhua district of Taipei City Bangka Island, an island of Indonesia Bangka Regency, Indonesia Tagalog: bangka, an outrigger canoe Category: ... Alternative meaning: Taipei County City nickname: the City of Azaleas Capital District Xinyi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ...


The subsequent silting of the harbour and the city's refusal to allow railroads to pass through the city led to losses in trade in commerce, which, in turn led to Lukang's decline. This same decline, however, averted the modernization processes that demolished historical buildings in Tainan and Taipei, leaving Lukang preserved as it was in its heyday. In chemistry, salt is a term used for ionic compounds composed of positively charged cations and negatively charged anions, so that the product is neutral and without a net charge. ... TRA train passing over the Kaoping Bridge. ...


There are still many old temples in Lukang, such as Longshan Temple and Matzu Temple. Longshan Temple at Wanhua, Taipei Longshan Temple (龍山寺) is the name of at least five famous temples in Taiwan: Wanhua, Taipei City. ...


The Yujhenjhai(玉珍齋)cakes are famous local specialties, as well as Lukang's Cow Tongue Cakes (牛舌餅) and oyster pancakes.


The town is also the origin of the terms e-káng and teng-káng used respectively to refer to southern Taiwan and northern Taiwan; the literal meanings of the terms are below the harbor and above the harbor.

Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...

External links

  • Lukang Township Website (in Chinese)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lukang - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (1263 words)
Lukang was an important sea port in the 18th century and 19th century.
Lukang was Taiwan's second largest city after Tainan and was larger than Taipei, then the island's third-largest city.
Lukang's merchants lived in big houses, the bricks and tiles of which had been imported from Fukien.
Taiwan Travel Network: Tourism > Taiwan > Changhua County > Lukang (Deer Port ) (1042 words)
The Lukang villagers locked the statue tightly inside the temple and vowed never to lend the statue.
It is obvious that many the historical valuables in the numerous temples in Lukang have been subject to theft and private guards have to be hired in some places.
The grandest event in Lukang is from lunar July 1 to August 2 which is the month of the ghost festival.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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