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Encyclopedia > Luis de Góngora

Luís de Góngora y Argote (July 11, 1561 - May 24, 1627), was a Spanish lyric poet. July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... Events The Edict of Orleans suspends the persecution of the Huguenots. ... May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (145th in leap years). ... Events A Dutch ship makes the first recorded sighting of the coast of South Australia. ... Poets are authors of poems. ...

He was born at Córdova, where his father, Francisco de Argote, was corregidor; the poet adopted the surname of his mother, Leonora de Góngora, who was descended from an ancient family. At the age of fifteen he entered as a student of civil law and canon law at the University of Salamanca; but was content with an ordinary pass degree. He was already known as a poet in 1585 when Miguel de Cervantes praised him in La Galatea; in this same year he took minor orders, and shortly afterwards was nominated to a canonry at Córdova. About 1605-1606 he was ordained a priest, and afterwards lived at Valladolid and Madrid, where, as a contemporary remarks, he "noted and stabbed at everything with his satirical pen." See Córdoba for other places with the same name. ... Civil law has at least three meanings. ... In Western culture, canon law is the law of the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches. ... The University of Salamanca (Spanish Universidad de Salamanca), located in the town of Salamanca, west-northwest of Madrid, is the oldest university in Spain, and one of the oldest in Europe. ... Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (September 29, 1547 - April 23, 1616), was a Spanish author, best known for his novel Don Quixote de la Mancha. ... La Galatea was Cervantes first full-length puplication, published in 1585, soon after his return from Algiers in the custody of Barbary pirates. ... Valladolid is an industrial city in central Spain, upon the Rio Pisuerga. ... Coat of arms The Plaza de España square Madrid, the capital of Spain, is located in the center of the country at 40°25′ N 3°45′ W. Population of the city of Madrid proper was 3,093,000 (Madrilenes, madrileños) as of 2003 estimates. ...

His circle of admirers grew; but the acknowledgment of his genius was grudging. Ultimately, through the influence of the duke of Sandoval, he obtained an appointment as honorary chaplain to King Philip III of Spain, but he did not enjoy the honour for long. In 1626 a severe illness, which seriously impaired his memory, compelled his retirement to Córdova, where he died. Philip III (April 14, 1578 - March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II), from 1598 until his death. ... Events September 30 - Nurhaci, chieftain of the Jurchens and founder of the Qing Dynasty dies and is succeeded by his son Hong Taiji. ...

An edition of his poems was published almost immediately after his death by Juan Lopez de Vicuña; the frequently reprinted edition by Hozes did not appear till 1633. The collection consists of numerous sonnets, odes, ballads, songs for the guitar, and of certain larger poems, such as the Soledades and the Polifemo. Many of them exhibit a tortuous elaboration of style (estilo culto) with which the name of Góngora is associated; but though he has been criticised for affected Latinisms, unnatural transpositions, strained metaphors and frequent obscurity, he was a man of rare genius, as acknowledged by those of his contemporaries who were most capable of judging. It was only in the hands of those who imitated Góngora's style without inheriting his genius that culteranismo became absurd. Besides his lyrical poems Góngora was the author of a play entitled Las Firmezas de Isabel and of two incomplete dramas, the Comedia venatoria and El Doctor Carlino. In language, a metaphor is a rhetorical trope where a comparison is made between two seemingly unrelated subjects. ...

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica ( 1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...



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