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Encyclopedia > Luis Cernuda

Luis Cernuda (1902 - 1963), is widely recognized as one of the great Spanish poets of the 20th century. The central concerns of this radical homosexual poet are evident in the title of his life's major opus: La Realidad y el Deseo (Reality and Desire). In this work, which Cernuda began in the 1930s and expanded on almost until his death in 1963, the poet explores desire, love, subject, object, history and sexuality in poems which draw influences from romanticism, classicism, and the surrealist avant-garde.


Cernuda is known as a member of the Generation of '27, a group of Spanish poets and artists including Federico Garcia Lorca. He broke new ground with "Los Placeres Prohibidos" (Forbidden Pleasures), an avant-garde work in which the poet used surrealism to explore his sexuality.


During the Spanish Civil War, Cernuda fled to England, where he began an exile that later took him to France, Scotland, Massachusetts (Mount Holyoke College), Mexico, and California; he never returned to Spain.


His major works include

  • Poetry: La realidad y el deseo
  • Prose poems: Ocnos, Variaciones sobre un tema Mexicano
  • Criticism: Literatura Poesia I & II

His major English language critics include Derek Harris and Phillip Silver.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Luis Cernuda - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (465 words)
Luis Cernuda (born Luis Cernuda Bidón September 21, 1902, Seville— November 1963, Mexico City), was a Spanish poet and literary critic.
The son of a military man, Cernuda received a strict education as a child, and then studied law at the University of Seville, where he met the poet and literature professor Pedro Salinas.
Cernuda is known as a member of the Generation of '27, a group of Spanish poets and artists including Federico García Lorca.
glbtq >> literature >> Cernuda, Luis (736 words)
Cernuda was born in Seville, Spain, on September 21, 1902.
Cernuda is part of the much-praised Spanish "Generation of 1927." For a time, he was obscured by the more famous members of this movement, but recently his reputation as a poet has grown.
Cernuda saw his homosexuality as a threat to society and accepted the role of the outsider who is justified in attacking those who have violently rejected him.
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