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Encyclopedia > Luis A. Ferré
Luis A. Ferré
Image: LuisAFerre.jpg
Order: 3rd Democratically Elected Governor
Term of Office: January 2, 1969January 2, 1973
Predecessor: Roberto Sánchez Vilella
Successor: Rafael Hernández Colón
Date of Birth: Saturday, February 17, 1904
Place of Birth: Ponce, Puerto Rico
Date of Death: Tuesday, October 21, 2003
Place of Death: San Juan, Puerto Rico
First Lady: Lorencita Ferré
Profession: politician, engineer, industrialist
Political Party: New Progressive Party, Republican
Resident Commissioner: Jorge Luis Córdova (1969-1973)

Don Luis Alberto Ferré Aguayo (February 17, 1904October 21, 2003) was an engineer, industrialist, politician, philanthropist, and a patron of the arts. He was the third democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico from 1969 to 1973, and the founding father of the New Progressive Party which advocates for Puerto Rico becoming a state of the United States of America. January 2 is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... January 2 is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... Rafael Hernández Colón (born October 24, 1936) is a native of Ponce, Puerto Rico, who was the fourth democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico for 12 years ( 1973- 1977, 1985- 1993). ... Saturday is the day of the week between Friday and Sunday. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Ponce, the second largest city in Puerto Rico outside of the San Juan metropolitan area is named after the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León. ... Tuesday is the day of the week between Monday and Wednesday. ... October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 71 days remaining. ... San Juan is the capital of Puerto Rico. ... A First Lady is the female spouse of an elected male head of state such as a president or governor. ... A politician is an individual involved in politics. ... An engineer may be someone who practices the engineering profession, or the driver of a rail locomotive. ... Industrialist mainly refers to a person who takes a leading or visionary role in the process of building up an industry over a long time. ... A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... A High Commissioner is a person serving in a special executive capacity. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 71 days remaining. ... An engineer may be someone who practices the engineering profession, or the driver of a rail locomotive. ... Industrialist mainly refers to a person who takes a leading or visionary role in the process of building up an industry over a long time. ... A politician is an individual involved in politics. ... A philanthropist is someone who devotes her or his time, money, or effort towards helping others. ... Although today the word art usually refers to the visual arts, the concept of what art is has continuously changed over centuries. ... Seal of the Governor of Puerto Rico The Governor of Puerto Rico is the Head of Government of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article is about Puerto Rico, the territory of the United States. ...

Contents

Early life

Luis A. Ferré was born in the southern city of Ponce, Puerto Rico on February 17, 1904. Ferre's father, was a Cuban immigrant who founded the company "Porto Rico Iron Works". Ponce, the second largest city in Puerto Rico outside of the San Juan metropolitan area is named after the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1904 is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Education

He studied Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, obtaining his bachelor's degree in 1924 and masters degree in 1925, and music at the New England Conservatory of Music. During this time, while living in Boston, Ferré developed an admiration for the "American way of democracy". Family History Ferre's father achieved fortune under the help of the Serralles family founders of Don Q, which is considered Puerto Rico's finest rum. Engineering is the application of science to the needs of humanity. ... MIT redirects here. ... Events January-May January 3 - Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy. ... The New England Conservatory of Music (NEC) in Boston, Massachusetts is the oldest conservatory in the United States. ... Alternative meanings: Boston (disambiguation) The 18th-century Old State House in Boston is surrounded by tall buildings of the 19th and 20th centuries. ...


Industrialist

Upon his return to Puerto Rico, Ferré helped transform his father's company into a successful business which earned him a fortune. In 1948, he acquired "El Dia" a fledgling newspaper. "Empresas Ferré" would later acquire in the 1950s, Puerto Rico Cement and Ponce Cement, which capitalized in the economic boom which Puerto Rico experienced at the time as the result of the ambitious industrialization projects which came with Operation Bootstrap. This article is about Puerto Rico, the territory of the United States. ... Events and trends Technology United States tests the first fusion bomb. ... Operation Bootstrap (Operación Manos a la Obra) is the name given to the ambitious projects which industrialized Puerto Rico in the mid-20th century. ...


Political life

Ferré became active in politics in the 1940's. He unsuccessfully ran for mayor of Ponce, Puerto Rico in 1940 and Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico in 1948. Ponce, the second largest city in Puerto Rico outside of the San Juan metropolitan area is named after the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León. ... The Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico is a nonvoting representative of the United States House of Representatives elected by Puerto Ricans every 4 years. ...


Representative

Enlarge
Governor Luis Munoz Marin and Ferre shake hands.

In 1948, Puerto Ricans where allowed to elect their governor. Luis Muñoz Marín was elected governor of Puerto Rico, and a movement began which aimed to adopt a commonwealth relationship with the United States of America. In 1951, a referendum was held to decided to whether to approve or not the option granted by the United States Congress to draft Puerto Rico's first constitution. Ferré abstained from participating in the process in which the pro-statehood party to which he belonged favored the 1951 referendum. He believed that the process would mean "an acceptance of a colony and condemn the people to a perpetual condition of second class citizenship". Still, Ferré would later participate in the constitutional assembly created by the referendum which would draft the constitution. In 1952 the Constitution of Puerto Rico was adopted, creating the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. That same year Ferré was elected representative in the Puerto Rican House of Representatives. Ferré ran under the Republican Statehood Party ("Partido Estadista Republicano) and officially assumed his duties as representative on January 11, 1953. Luis Muñoz Marín (February 18, 1898 - April 30, 1980) was a poet, journalist and politician. ... The English noun Commonwealth dates originally from the fifteenth century and in different contexts indicates one of: a nation, state or political unit a state founded on law by agreement of the people for the common good a republic a federated union of constituent states. ... Global Metrics Human security Major Armed Conflicts: Total Deaths in Battle: 700,000 people Violent Deaths caused by Government (Other than War): Violent Deaths caused by other humans: Juvenile Violent Crime: Political security Nations Holding Multi-party Elections: Percentage Living under a Fully Democratic System of Governance: Free Countries: Percentage... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... The Congress of the United States is the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States of America. ... Global Metrics Human security Major Armed Conflicts: Total Deaths in Battle: 700,000 people Violent Deaths caused by Government (Other than War): Violent Deaths caused by other humans: Juvenile Violent Crime: Political security Nations Holding Multi-party Elections: Percentage Living under a Fully Democratic System of Governance: Free Countries: Percentage... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico is the basic governing document of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. ... The English noun Commonwealth dates originally from the fifteenth century and in different contexts indicates one of: a nation, state or political unit a state founded on law by agreement of the people for the common good a republic a federated union of constituent states. ... This article is about Puerto Rico, the territory of the United States. ... Puerto Rican can refer to anybody who was born in or whose ancestors are from Puerto Rico. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


Governor and Senator

Enlarge
Don Luis A. Ferré addressing a crowd

In 1967, a plebiscite was held to decide if the people of Puerto Rico desired to become an independent nation, a state of the United States of America or continue the commonwealth relation established in 1952. The majority of Puerto Ricans opted for the Commonwealth option (see Puerto Rico status referenda). Disagreement among the current pro-statehood party led Ferré to found the New Progressive Party or PNP. A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... This article is about Puerto Rico, the territory of the United States. ... The English noun Commonwealth dates originally from the fifteenth century and in different contexts indicates one of: a nation, state or political unit a state founded on law by agreement of the people for the common good a republic a federated union of constituent states. ... Puerto Rican can refer to anybody who was born in or whose ancestors are from Puerto Rico. ... The English noun Commonwealth dates originally from the fifteenth century and in different contexts indicates one of: a nation, state or political unit a state founded on law by agreement of the people for the common good a republic a federated union of constituent states. ... While voting in all elections in Puerto Rico, even those for local governance are influenced by the status determination forwarded by individual parties; there have been three referenda (plebiscites) exploring voter opinions regarding Puerto Rico’s future status vis-à-vis the United States federal government (1967, 1993, and 1998... The New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico —or Partido Nuevo Progresista de Puerto Rico (PNP) in Spanish— is a political party that campaigns for Puerto Rico to become a state of the United States. ... The New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico —or Partido Nuevo Progresista de Puerto Rico (PNP) in Spanish— is a political party that campaigns for Puerto Rico to become a state of the United States. ...


In the following election in 1968, Ferré ran for Governor of Puerto Rico and won the election by a slight margin. His victory marked the end of Luis Muñoz Marín's Popular Democratic Party hold on the governor's seat which lasted 28 years. Luis A. Ferré governed from 1969 to 1972. His work as governor of Puerto Rico included defending the federal minimum wage and granting workers a Chrismas bonus. He visited Puerto Rican troops in Vietnam. In 1970 his wife, Lorencita, died suddenly. In 1972 he sought re-election for governor of Puerto Rico, but lost to Rafael Hernández Colón (PPD). In 1976, he was elected into the Puerto Rican Senate. Ferré served as president of the Senate on from 1976-1980 and continued serving as senator until 1985. Seal of the Governor of Puerto Rico The Governor of Puerto Rico is the Head of Government of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. ... The Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico —or Partido Popular Democrático de Puerto Rico (PPD) in Spanish— is a political party that stands for Puerto Rico to be a free associated state of the United States, which is also known as a commonwealth status. ... 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... Puerto Rican can refer to anybody who was born in or whose ancestors are from Puerto Rico. ... The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a country in Southeast Asia. ... 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... Seal of the Governor of Puerto Rico The Governor of Puerto Rico is the Head of Government of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. ... Rafael Hernández Colón (born October 24, 1936) is a native of Ponce, Puerto Rico, who was the fourth democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico for 12 years ( 1973- 1977, 1985- 1993). ... PPD may stand for: Postpartum depression Political parties: Partito Popolare Democratico Svizzero (Switzerland) Partido por la Democracia (Chile) Partido Popular Democrático (Puerto Rico) Partido Popular Democrático (Portugal) P-Phenylenediamine PostScript Printer Description Purified protein derivative (used for tuberculosis testing) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other... The Senate of Puerto Rico is the upper house of the Legislative Assembly of Puerto Rico, smaller than the House of Representatives. ...


After serving as governor, Ferré continued to be active in politics, especially representing the United States Republican Party on the island. In 1991, Ferré participated in Congressional hearings in the United States House of Representatives which discussed Puerto Rico's political status. The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... This article is about Puerto Rico, the territory of the United States. ...


Renaissance man

Ferré was also a talented pianist who recorded several albums of his piano music. On January 3, 1949 he founded the Ponce Museum of Art, in his hometown of Ponce, Puerto Rico. The museum initially displayed 71 paintings from his personal collection and today displays over 500 and hundreds of other works. "El Centro de Bellas Artes", the center for performing arts in San Juan, Puerto Rico also bears his name as well as the freeway connecting San Juan, Puerto Rico and Ponce, Puerto Rico. He also assisted in the creation of the Casals Festival y Puerto Rico Conservatory of Music. The piano Piano is a common abbreviation for pianoforte, a large musical instrument with a keyboard (see keyboard instrument). ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Ponce, the second largest city in Puerto Rico outside of the San Juan metropolitan area is named after the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León. ... San Juan, the Spanish for Saint John, is a common toponym in parts of the world where Spanish is or was spoken: Argentina San Juan Province San Juan, Argentina, the capital of that province Cuba San Juan Hill Mexico San Juan, Campeche San Juan, Chihuahua San Juan, Coahuila San Juan... San Juan, the Spanish for Saint John, is a common toponym in parts of the world where Spanish is or was spoken: Argentina San Juan Province San Juan, Argentina, the capital of that province Cuba San Juan Hill Mexico San Juan, Campeche San Juan, Chihuahua San Juan, Coahuila San Juan... Ponce, the second largest city in Puerto Rico outside of the San Juan metropolitan area is named after the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León. ...


His philanthropic deeds and defence for democracy earned him the Presidential Medal of Freedom on November 18, 1991. This article deals with democracy in its modern sense. ... The Presidential Medal of Freedom is the highest civilian award in the United States. ... November 18 is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years), with 43 remaining. ...


Death and Legacy

On September 29, 2003, Ferré was hospitalized with a urinary tract infection and underwent surgery for an intestinal blockage on October 1. While in the hospital he developed pneumonia before finally succumbing to respiratory failure on the morning of October 21, 2003. He was 99 years old. September 29 is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years). ... A urinary tract infection is an infection of the urinary tract. ... The intestine is the portion of the alimentary canal extending from the stomach to the anus and, in humans and other mammals, consists of two segments, the small intestine and the large intestine. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in Leap years). ... Pneumonia (the ancient Greek word for lungs) is defined as an infection involving the alveoli of the lungs. ... Respiratory failure is a medical term for inadequate gas exchange by the respiratory system. ... October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 71 days remaining. ...


His body laid in state in Puerto Rico's capitol building in San Juan, Puerto Rico, then transported to his museum in Ponce, before being taken for a state funeral and burial nearby. His funeral and ceremonies honoring him where attended by numerous politicians, including former U.S. President and friend, George H. W. Bush. San Juan, the Spanish for Saint John, is a common toponym in parts of the world where Spanish is or was spoken: Argentina San Juan Province San Juan, Argentina, the capital of that province Cuba San Juan Hill Mexico San Juan, Campeche San Juan, Chihuahua San Juan, Coahuila San Juan... Order: 41st President Vice President: Dan Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush, KBE (born June...


Among the numerous awards that were bestowed on Luis A. Ferré was the Presidential Medal of Freedom. The renowned sculptor Tomás Batista was also commissioned to make a bust of Ferré, which is exhibited in the Ponce Museum of Art. The Presidential Medal of Freedom is the highest civilian award in the United States. ...




Preceded by:
Roberto Sánchez Vilella
Governor of Puerto Rico
1969-1973
Succeeded by:
Rafael Hernández Colón


Seal of the Governor of Puerto Rico The Governor of Puerto Rico is the Head of Government of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. ... Rafael Hernández Colón (born October 24, 1936) is a native of Ponce, Puerto Rico, who was the fourth democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico for 12 years ( 1973- 1977, 1985- 1993). ...


Related topics

See also

list of famous Puerto Ricans in alphabetical order by last names, where applicable. ...

External links

  • White House Statement on Don Luis Ferre (http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/10/20031022.html)
  • Centro de Bellas Artes Luis A. Ferre (Luis A. Ferre Center for the Performing Arts) (http://www.cba.gobierno.pr/)
  • Museo de Arte de Ponce (Ponce Art Museum) (http://www.museoarteponce.org/)

 
 

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