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Encyclopedia > Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi
Italian Royalty
House of Savoy
Image:Royita.JPG

Victor Emmanuel II
Children
   Princess Marie Clothilde
   Umberto I (born 1844)
   Amadeo I, King of Spain (born 1845)
   Maria Pia, Queen of Portugal (born 1847)
    Vittoria (born 2 December 1848)
   Emanuele Alberto (born 16 March 1851), Count of Mirafiori and Fontanafredda.
Grandchildren
   Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta
   Vittorio Emanuele, Count of Turin
   Luigi, Duke of Abruzzi
   Umberto, Conte of Salemi
Great Grandchildren
   Amedeo, Duke of Aosta
   Amedeo, King of Croatia
Great Great Grandchildren
   Margherita, Archduchess of Austria-Este
   Princess Maria Christina
   Amedeo, Duke of Aosta
Great Great Great Grandchildren
   Princess Bianca
   Aimone, Duke of Apulia
   Princess Mafalda
Umberto I
Children
   Victor Emmanuel III
Victor Emmanuel III
Children
   Princess Yolanda
   Princess Mafalda
   Umberto II
   Giovanna, Queen of Bulgaria
   Princess Maria
Umberto II
Children
   Princess Maria Pia
   Victor Emmanuel, Prince of Naples
   Princess Maria Gabriella
   Princess Maria Beatrice
Grandchildren
   Emanuele Filiberto, Prince of Venice and Piedmont
Great Grandchildren
   Princess Vittoria
   Princess Luisa

Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi (Luigi Amedeo Giuseppe Maria Ferdinando Francesco) (January 29, 1873March 18, 1933), better known as Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi (Italian: Duca degli Abruzzi) was an Italian mountaineer and explorer who made the first ascent of Mount Saint Elias (Alaska-Yukon) in 1897 and was also an Italian admiral during World War I. The House of Savoy or in Italian, La Casa di Savoia, or simply Casa Savoia, (or Savoie, French) is a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy, a region that includes present-day Piemonte, other parts of Northern Italy, and a smaller region in France. ... Victor Emmanuel II, King of Italy (Italian: Vittorio Emanuele II; March 14, 1820 – January 9, 1878) was the King of Piedmont, Savoy and Sardinia from 1849–1861. ... Portrait of Prince Napoleon by Jean-Hippolyte Flandrin in 1860 Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul, Prince Napoleon (Trieste, Italy, September 9, 1822 – March 17, 1891, Rome, Italy) was the son of Jerome Bonaparte and Catharina of Württemberg. ... Umberto I or Humbert I of Italy (Umberto Ranieri Carlo Emanuele Giovanni Maria Ferdinando Eugenio of Savoy), (14 March 1844 – 29 July 1900) was the King of Italy from 9 January 1878 until his death. ... Amadeo I (Italian Amedeo, sometimes Latinized as Amadeus) (May 30, 1845 – January 18, 1890) was the 1st Duke of Aosta and King of Spain Biography Amadeo dAosta was born in Turin, Italy. ... Daughter of Victor Emmanuel II of Italy married to Louis of Portugal Category: ... December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in leap years). ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Prince Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta (13 January 1869 – July 4, 1931) was the eldest son of Amadeo I of Spain and a cousin of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy. ... Vittorio Emanuele, Count of Turin (Comte di Turino) was a Grandchild of King Victor Emmanuel II and a child of Amadeo of Spain. ... Amadeo di Savoia (October 21, 1898 - March 3, 1942) was the third Duke of Aosta and a cousin of the Italian king, Victor Emmanuel III. His baptismal name was Amadeo Umberto Isabella Luigi Filippo Maria Giuseppe Giovanni di Savoia. ... Prince Aimone Roberto Margherita Maria Giuseppe di Torino (9 March 1900 - 29 January 1948) , later King Tomislav II of Croatia and the 4th Duke of Aosta was a member of House of Savoy. ... Her Royal Highness Princess Margherita Isabella Maria Vittoria Emanuella Elena Gennara of Savoy-Aosta was born on April 7, 1930 in Naples, Italy as the first child of HRH Prince Amedeo of Savoy-Aosta and HRH Princess Anne dOrléans. ... Prince Amedeo Umberto Constantino Giorgio Paolo Elena Maria Fiorenzo of Savoy, (born 27 September 1943) is one of several claimants to the headship of the House of Savoy, the family which ruled Italy from 1861 to 1946. ... Prince Aimone Umberto Emanuele Filiberto Luigi Amadeo Gustavo Elena Maria Fiorenzo of Savoy, (born 13 October 1967) is the second child and only son of Amedeo, 5th Duke of Aosta and his former wife, Princess Claude of Orléans. ... Umberto I or Humbert I of Italy (Umberto Ranieri Carlo Emanuele Giovanni Maria Ferdinando Eugenio of Savoy), (14 March 1844 – 29 July 1900) was the King of Italy from 9 January 1878 until his death. ... Victor Emmanuel III (Italian: Vittorio Emanuele III; 11 November 1869 – 28 December 1947) was King of Italy (29 July 1900 – 9 May 1946), as well as putative Emperor of Ethiopia (1936 - 1943) and King of Albania (1939 - 1943). ... Victor Emmanuel III (Italian: Vittorio Emanuele III; 11 November 1869 – 28 December 1947) was King of Italy (29 July 1900 – 9 May 1946), as well as putative Emperor of Ethiopia (1936 - 1943) and King of Albania (1939 - 1943). ... Princess Yolanda Margherita of Savoy - (Principessa Yolande Margerita Di Savoia) was born in 1901 to Vittorio Emmanuelle III of Italy and died in 1986. ... Princess Mafalda of Italy Princess Mafalda Maria Elisabetta Anna Romana of Savoy (November 2, 1902, Rome – August 27, 1944, Buchenwald) was the second child of King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and of his wife Princess Elena Petrovich of Montenegro. ... Umberto II, occasionally anglicized as Humbert II, (September 15, 1904, Racconigi, province of Cuneo - March 18, 1983, Geneva, Switzerland), the last King of Italy, nicknamed the King of May (Italian: Re di Maggio), was born the Prince of Piedmont. ... Tsaritsa Ioanna of Bulgaria, (13 November 1907 - 26 February 2000) was born Princess Giovanna of Savoy and was the last Tsaritsa of Bulgaria. ... Maria Francesca di Savoia (Rome, 26 Decembers 1914 - Mandelieu, France, 7 Decembers 2000) complete name Francesca Maria Roman Anna, is daughter of the King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele III and of Queen Elena. ... Umberto II, occasionally anglicized as Humbert II, (September 15, 1904, Racconigi, province of Cuneo - March 18, 1983, Geneva, Switzerland), the last King of Italy, nicknamed the King of May (Italian: Re di Maggio), was born the Prince of Piedmont. ... Born in 1934, daughter of Umberto II of Italy and Marie-José of Belgium. ... Victor Emmanuel, prince of Naples, or Vittorio Emanuele Alberto Carlo Teodoro Umberto Bonifacio Amedeo Damiano Bernardino Gennaro Maria de Savoie, born February 12, 1937, is the head of the house of Savoy. ... Maria Gabriella di Savoia (Naples, 24 February 1940) complete name Maria Gabriella Giuseppa Aldegonda Adelaide Daisy Ludovica Felicita Gennara, is daughter of the last King of Italy Umberto II and José. Maria married to 12 Saint-Mesme February 1955 Robert Zellinger de Balkany (NATO to Iklod, 4 Hungary August 1931). ... Maria Beatrice Victoria Josephine of Savoy (December 6, 1792 - September 15, 1840) was the eldest daughter of Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia and Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria-Este. ... Prince Emanuele Filiberto of Savoy (June 22, 1972 - ), a member of the House of Savoy and titular Prince of Venice and Piedmont, is the second-in-line to the abolished throne of Italy. ... Princess Vittoria is the daughter of Emanuele Filiberto di Savoia. ... Princess Luisa of Savoy (Luisa Giovanna Agata Gavina Bianca Maria di Savoia, born August 16, 2006, Geneva, Switzerland) is the second child and daughter of Emanuele Filiberto, Prince of Venice and Piedmont and Clotide Courau. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Mountaineering is an umbrella term that can variously be used to describe the actions of climbing, hillwalking and scrambling. ... See also explorations, sea explorers, astronaut, conquistador, travelogue, the History of Science and Technology and Biography. ... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ... Mount Saint Elias is the second highest mountain in both the United States and Canada, being situated on the Alaska and Yukon border. ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,855 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... Motto: none Official languages English, French Flower Fireweed Tree Subalpine Fir Bird Common Raven Capital Whitehorse Largest city Whitehorse Commissioner Geraldine Van Bibber Premier Dennis Fentie (Yukon Party) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 1 1 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked 9th 482,443 km² 474,391 km... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz...

Contents

Biography

Early years and the Stella Polare expedition

Luigi Amedeo, Duca degli Abruzzi, was born in Madrid, Spain. Location Coordinates : 40° 23’N , 3°43′0″W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Villa de Madrid (Spanish) Spanish name Villa de Madrid Founded 9th century Postal code 28001-28080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 91 (Villa de Madrid) Website http://www. ...


He was a member of the House of Savoy, well known in Europe since the 12th century. His father, Amedeo di Savoia, reigned as King of Spain from 1871 to 1873, where as his uncle, Umberto I, was king of Italy from 1878. The House of Savoy or in Italian, La Casa di Savoia, or simply Casa Savoia, (or Savoie, French) is a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy, a region that includes present-day Piemonte, other parts of Northern Italy, and a smaller region in France. ... Amadeo I (sometimes Latinized to Amadeus) (May 30, 1845 - January 18, 1890), Duke of Aosta and King of Spain, was born in Turin, Italy. ... Umberto I or Humbert I of Italy (Ranieri Carlo Emanuele Giovanni Maria Ferdinando Eugenio of Savoy, 14 March 1844 - 29 July 1900), surnamed the Good, was the King of Italy from 9 January 1878 until his death. ...


From 1893 to 1896 Luigi Amedeo travelled around the world, including Eritrea, then an Italian possession, and Vancouver. He had begun to train as a mountaineer in 1882 on Monte Bianco and Monte Rosa (Italian Alps): in 1897 he made the first ascent of Mount Saint Elias (Canada/USA, 5,489 m). 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Vancouver (pronounced: ) is a city in southwestern British Columbia, Canada. ... 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... This article is about the Alpine mountain. ... Monte Rosa, seen from the Gornergrat above Zermatt) Monte Rosa is a mountain massif located in the Italian regions Piedmont and Aosta Valley and in the canton of Valais (Wallis) of Switzerland. ... The West face of the Petit Dru above the Chamonix valley near the Mer de Glace. ... Mount Saint Elias is the second highest mountain in both the United States and Canada, being situated on the Alaska and Yukon border. ...


In 1899 his polar expedition caused sensation. In spring he arrived in the Norwegian capital Christiania (nowadays called Oslo) together with 10 companions. The duke acquired the Jason, a whaler of 570 tons with steam engine. Under its new name Stella Polare (“Pole Star”) the ship led the expedition through the frozen sea. On June 12 they headed for Arkhangel’sk. 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... County Oslo NO-03 District Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... Arkhangelsk (Russian: ), formerly called Archangel in English, is a city in and the administrative center of Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia. ...


On June 30 the Pole Star dropped anchor in the docks of Arkhangel’sk and the duke was solemnly received by governor Engelhardt. The same day Luigi Amedeo was invited to meet the local authorities and the present foreign diplomats. June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining. ...


On July 7 a local newspaper wrote:

The city theatre arranged an extraordinary spectacle in the presence of the Duke of the Abruzzi. The drama The princess of Baghdad, consisting of three acts, was performed. Before the curtain was raised the orchestra had played the Italian royal anthem…

Later the duke himself wrote about his stay in Arkhangel’sk:

Our departure was set for July 12. Early in the morning the church was open to us and we, although being Catholic, were allowed to join the mass. In the afternoon all the dogs were brought back on board to their kennels. In the evening the Pole Star put out and was escorted by two steamers down the Dvina. I still remained on shore, as well as Doctor Cavalli, in order to spend the evening together with our Italian friends. Next evening we left Arkhangel’sk. During the whole journey we saw flags being hoisted to welcome us...

Two rivers are referred to as Dvina: Western Dvina (also known as Daugava) Northern Dvina This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Arctic expedition

In 1899 Luigi Amedeo organized an expedition towards the North Pole. 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... North Pole Scenery When not otherwise qualified, the term North Pole usually refers to the Geographic North Pole – the northernmost point on the surface of the Earth, where the Earths axis of rotation intersects the Earths surface. ...


Twenty men took part in the expedition, among them Captain Umberto Cagni, Lieutenant F. Querini and Doctor A. Cavalli Molinelli. They planned to go to Franz Joseph Land, in the Arctic wilderness, to establish a camp in which to stay during wintertime and, afterwards, to reach the North Pole by dogsled across the frozen sea. Franz Josef Land (russ. ... North Pole Scenery When not otherwise qualified, the term North Pole usually refers to the Geographic North Pole – the northernmost point on the surface of the Earth, where the Earths axis of rotation intersects the Earths surface. ...


Luigi Amedeo established the winter camp on the Rudolf-Island. The expedition was to start at the end of the Arctic Night. The duke lost two fingers during winter because of the cold, which made it impossible for him to join the trip by sled. He left the command over the pole expedition to Captain Cagni. On March 11, 1900, Cagni left the camp and reached the latitude 86° 34’ on April 25, setting a new record by surpassing Nansen’s result of 1895 (35-40 kilometres). Cagni barely managed to turn back to the camp until June 23. The Stella polare on August 16 left the Rudolf-Island heading for south. On September the expedition arrived in Norway again. During the expedition the northern coast of Rudolf-Island and two other islands were explored and measured. Location of Franz Josef Land (Map is annotated in German). ... March 11 is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... Fridtjof Nansen Fridtjof Nansen (born October 10, 1861 in Oslo - died May 13, 1930 in Oslo) was a Norwegian explorer, scientist and international statesman. ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


Late years

In 1906, inspired by Henry Morton Stanley's last wills, the Duke led an expedition to the Ruwenzori Range (5,125 m), in Uganda. He scaled sixteen summits in the range, including the six principal peaks. One of them, Mount Luigi di Savoia, bears his name. The highest peak was reached on June 18, 1906. 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Sir Henry Morton Stanley (also known as Bula Matari (Breaker of Rocks) in Congo), born John Rowlands (January 28, 1841 – May 10, 1904), was a 19th-century Welsh-born American journalist and explorer famous for his exploration of Africa and his search for David Livingstone. ... The Ruwenzori Range, now officially called Rwenzori Mountains (the spelling having been changed in about 1980 to conform more closely with the local tribal name) is a small but spectacular mountain range of central Africa, often referred to as Mt. ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


The next great expedition was in 1909, aiming to climb up the K2 in Karakorum. A team led by Luigi Amedeo reached a height of 6,666 m on the ridge in 1909. The standard route up the mountain (formerly known as K2's East Ridge) climbs today on the Abruzzi Spur. Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... K2 is the second highest mountain on Earth. ... Harhorin (Хархорин), or Khara Khorum in Classical Mongolian, is a town in Övörhangay aymag, Mongolia. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


In an attempt on Chogolisa the next year, he and his companions again failed to reach the summit, but set a world altitude record. Chogolisa (or Bride Peak) is a mountain in the Karakoram region of Pakistan. ...


A vice-admiral in the Regia Marina (Italian Royal Navy), he was Inspector of Torpedo Craft, 1911 -1912. During World War I, he was the Commander-in-Chief of the Adriatic Fleet (1914 - 1917) based in Taranto, his flagship being the Conte di Cavour. Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ... The Italian Regia Marina (literally: Royal Navy) dates from the proclamation of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861 after Italian unification. ... A torpedo boat is a relatively small and fast naval ship designed to launch torpedoes at larger surface ships. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz... The Adriatic Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea separating the Apennine peninsula (Italy) from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Founded 706 BC as Taras () Region Apulia Mayor Rossana Di Bello Area  - City Proper  217 km² Population  - City (2001)  - Density (city proper) 201,349 973/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Latitude Longitude 40°28 N 17°14 E www. ... A flagship is the ship used by the commanding officer of a group of naval ships. ... Conte di Cavour was an Italian Conte di Cavour class battleship, that served in the Regia Marina during World War I and World War II. It was named after the Italian statesman Count Camillo Benso di Cavour. ...


The Duke of Abruzzi died on March 18, 1933, at Ghiohàr, near Mogadishu (Somalia). Here he had founded the Villaggio Duca degli Abruzzi, an agricultural settlement experimenting new cultivation techniques. In 1926 the colony comprised 16 villages, with 3,000 Somali and 200 Italian inhabitants. March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Political map of Somalia showing the location of Jowhar (here spelled Giohar), north of Mogadishu, with a red dot. ... Mogadishus location in Somalia Mogadishu (Somali: Muqdisho, popularly Xamar; Arabic: ‎ ; Italian: ), is the largest city in Somalia, and its nominal capital. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Scientific works

  • La Stella Polare nel Mare Artico 1899-1900 (1902)
  • Osservazioni scientifiche, eseguite durante la spedizione polare di S.A.R. Luigi Amedeo di Savoia (1903, with Cagni and Cavalli-Molinelli)

Bibliography

  • De Filippi, La spedizione di S.A.R. il principe Luigi Amedeo di Savoia, Duca degli Abruzzi, al Monte Sant’Elia (Alaska) 1897 (1900)

External links

  • Bridges, Peter, "A Prince of Climbers", Virginia Quarterly Review, Winter 2000

 
 

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