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Encyclopedia > Lugo
Lugo
Coat of arms of Lugo
Coat of Arms
Location
Coordinates : 43°01′N, 7°33′W
Time zone : UST
- summer : UST +1
General information
Native name Lugo (Galician)
Spanish name Lugo
Postal code 2700X
Website http://www.lugo.es/
Administration
Country Spain
Autonomous Community Galicia
Province Lugo
Mayor José Clemente López (PSOE)
Geography
Land Area 332 km²
Altitude 465 m AMSL
Population
Population 92.271 (2007)
Density 277,92 hab./km² (2007)
For the Italian city, see Lugo, Italy.

Lugo is a city in northwestern Spain, in the autonomous community of Galicia. It is the capital of the province of Lugo. The municipality had a population of 92,271 in 2005. Image File history File links Sin_bandera. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Galician (Galician: galego, IPA: ) is a language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch, spoken in Galicia, an autonomous community with the constitutional status of historic nationality, located in northwestern Spain and small bordering zones in neighbouring autonomous communities of Asturias and Castilla y León. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... Postcodes are generally clearly visible outside Australia Post offices. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... The term Administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades aut nomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades aut nomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... In addition to its seventeen autonomous communities, Spain is divided into fifty provinces. ... Categories: Spain geography stubs | Galicia (Spain) | Provinces of Spain ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... For other uses, see Density (disambiguation). ... Lugo is a town and comune in the northern Italian region of Emilia Romagna, in the province of Ravenna. ... Autonomous communities of Spain. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Categories: Spain geography stubs | Galicia (Spain) | Provinces of Spain ...

Contents

History

The city was probably founded by Celts of the Cult of Lugh, The bearer of the Grial,and "The God of Light", many hundreds of years B.C. and later conquered by Paulus Fabius Maximus and called Lucus Augusti (noted as Λοῦκος Αὐγούστον by Ptolemy, ii. 6. § 24) in 13 BC on the positioning of a Roman military camp[1], while the Roman Empire completed the conquest, in the North, of the Iberian Peninsula. Situated in what was the Roman province of Hispania Tarraconensis, it was the chief town of the tribe of the Capori. Though small it was the most important Roman town in what became Gallaecia during the Roman period, the seat of a conventus, one of three in Gallaecia, and later became one of the two capitals of Gallaecia, and gave its name to the Callaïci Lucenses. The Conventus Lucensis, according to Pliny, began at the river Navilubio, and contained 16 peoples, besides the Celtici and Lebuni; and though these tribes were not powerful, and their names "barbarous" to Roman ears, there were among them 166,000 freemen (Plin. iii. 3. s. 4, iv. 20. s. 34). The city stood on one of the upper branches of the Minius (modern Minho), on the road from Bracara to Asturica (Itin. Ant. pp. 424, 430), and had some famous baths, of which there are now no remains. (Florez, Esp. S. vol. xl., xli.; Ukert, vol. ii. pt. 1, p. 437). This article is about the geographer, mathematician and astronomer Ptolemy. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC - 10s BC - 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s Years: 18 BC 17 BC 16 BC 15 BC 14 BC 13 BC 12 BC 11 BC 10 BC 9 BC 8 BC... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ... Map of the Roman Empire, with the provinces, after 120. ... Roman Imperial province of Hispania Tarraconensis, 120 AD Hispania Tarraconensis was one of three Roman provinces in Hispania. ... Gallaecia or Callaecia (from Gaulish *gal-laikos smoke?-hero/warrior) was the name of a Roman province that comprised a territory in the north-west of Hispania (approximately the current Galicia of Spain and the north of Portugal). ... Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19th Century portrait. ... The Celtici were an ancient celtic tribe akin to the Lusitanians and Calaicians or Gallaeci, living in what today is the province of Alentejo in modern Portugal. ... Miño/Minho designates both the river as well as an adjacent Portuguese region Miño/Minho River The river is the longest in Galicia with an extension of 340 km. ... The Antonine Itinerary is a Latin document that can be described as the Road Map of Roman Britain. ...


Lucus was the seat of a bishopric by the later 5th century at the latest and remained an administrative center under the Suebi and Visigoths, before going into such a decline that the site was found to be deserted in the middle of the eighth century by bishop Odoario, who set about reviving it. Tenth century attempts at rebuilding its casas destructas (abandoned tenements) suggest that it remained a town only on paper: the seat of a bishopric, administered by a count, from which royal charters were issued. "Its commercial and industrial role was insignificant", Richard Fletcher wrote of 11th century Lugo[2]. In some Christian churches, the diocese is an administrative territorial unit governed by a bishop, sometimes also referred to as a bishopric or episcopal see, though more often the term episcopal see means the office held by the bishop. ... Suebi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Migrations The Visigoths (Western Goths) were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe (the Ostrogoths being the other). ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ...


During the High Middle Ages the city recovered.

Lugo in Galicia, Spain
Lugo in Galicia, Spain

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 272 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Galicia (Spain) Lugo Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 272 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Galicia (Spain) Lugo Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

Ecclesiastical history

The Romans had inhabited Lugo in 13 B.C., The Romans introduced some culture to them, and also Built a large wall, protecting the city (built for the Romans not Spain), And inside was a beautiful cathedral which still stands.


The Diocese of Lugo (Lucensis in Latin) which embraces all the province of Lugo and part of Pontevedra and Coruña in Galicia, Spain, is a suffragan of Santiago de Compostela. It is said to have been founded (by Agapitus) in Apostolic times. Diocese of Lugo Is one of the five districts in which the Roman Catholic church divides Galicia in North-western Spain. ... Pontevedra is a city in northwestern Spain, the capital of the province of Pontevedra in Galicia. ... Torre de Hércules View from the Torre de Hércules A Coruña (Galician name, also known in English as Corunna; in Spanish as La Coruña) is a Galician city, in north-western Spain at 43° 22′ 0″ N 8° 22′ 60″ W. It is the capital of... Location Location of Santiago de Compostela Coordinates : , Time Zone : (GMT+01) Western Europe / Paris Standard Time - summer: (GMT+02) Western Europe / Paris Daylight Saving Time General information Native name Santiago de Compostela (Galician) Spanish name Santiago de Compostela Postal code 15700 Website http://www. ...


The see certainly existed in the fifth century, as the authentic catalogue of its bishops begins with Agrescius (433), who is ranked as a metropolitan. Lugo, however, became a suffragan of the archbishopric of Braga somewhat later. In 561 it was restored to its ancient metropolitan dignity, Ourense, Iria Flavia, Astorga and Britonia being its dependent sees. Councils were held at Lugo in 569, 572, and perhaps 610 (see Baronius, 1597; Hardouin, Conc., II, 373). In 666 it again lost its metropolitan rank. In hierarchical Christian churches, the rank of metropolitan bishop, or simply metropolitan, pertains to the diocesan bishop or archbishop (then more precisely called Metropolitan archbishop) of a metropolis; that is, the chief city of an old Roman province, ecclesiastical province, or regional capital. ... A bishop is an ordained person who holds a specific position of authority in any of a number of Christian churches. ... The region around the city of Braga, in today Portugal, was an important centre for the spreading of Christendom in the Iberian Peninsula. ... For the province, see Ourense (province). ... Iria Flavia or simply Iria in Galicia, northwestern Spain, was a Celtiberian port, the main seat of the Caporos, on the road between Braga and Astorga, which the Romans rebuilt as via XVIII or Via Nova [1]. The Romans refounded it as Iria Flavia (Flavian Iria) to compliment Vespasian. ... Episcopal Palace of Astorga Astorga (Latin Asturica Augusta) is a city in the province of León, Spain. ... Britonia is the historical name of a settlement in Galicia (northern Spain) which was settled in the late fifth and early sixth centuries by Romano-Britons escaping the advancing Anglo-Saxons who were conquering Britain at the time. ...


The diocese had in the early 20th century 1102 parishes, (Perujo says 647, infra), 1108 priests, 649 chapels, and 21 oratories and 5 religious houses for men, and 8 convents of women. The population was about 366,000, practically all Catholics. The diocese takes its name from the capital of the province which is situated on the Rio Miño.


The seminary of San Lorenzo, Lugo, with 400 students, was founded in 1591; it is incorporated with the prestigious University of Salamanca. The University of Salamanca (Spanish: Universidad de Salamanca), located in the town of Salamanca, west of Madrid, is the second oldest university in Spain (the first one is the university of Palencia, now disappeared), and one of the oldest in Europe. ...


Situation and features

Roman Walls of Lugo*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party Flag of Spain Spain
Type Cultural
Criteria iv
Reference 987
Region Europe and North America
Inscription History
Inscription 2000  (24th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
† Region as classified by UNESCO.

Located on a site above the Minho river and named after the Celtic god Lugus, it is the only city in Europe to be surrounded by completely intact Roman walls, which reach a height of 10 to 15 metres along a 2'5 km circuit ringed with 71 towers. The walk along the top is continuous round the circuit. These 3rd century walls are protected by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The bridge over the Minho is essentially of Roman date, though many repairs over the centuries have effaced its Roman character. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Map showing the location of the Minho. ... This article is about the European people. ... Lugus was a deity widely hypothesized to have been worshipped in Gaul, Britain, Ireland, Spain and other ancient Celtic regions. ... The Roman Era is a period in Western history, when ancient Rome was the center of power of the world around the Mediterranean Sea, where Latin was the lingua franca. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...


Other sources suggest that the name Lucus Augusti comes from the Latin word Lucus, which means "sacred grove", or "sacred forest", as the city was founded on the place of a small grove.


The city possesses a fine cathedral dedicated to St. Froilán, built about 1129, though the actual main facade and towers date only from 1769. Its elegant stalls were carved by Francisco Mouro in 1624. This cathedral enjoys the extraordinary privilege of having the Blessed Sacrament perpetually exposed, a privilege which is commemorated in the armorial bearings of the town. Besides the walls, sights include the cathedral, built between the XIIth and the XVIIIth centuries, and the Museo Provincial, which shows a display of Galician art and other building of the XVIIIth century and the Palace of the arts (Circulo de las Artes) and the 'Spain Square', which is the site of many cafes. For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


See also

These are some cities of Spain: Alcalá de Henares (Madrid) Alcobendas (Madrid) Alcorcón (Madrid) Albacete Algeciras (Cádiz) Alicante Almería Altea (Alicante) Aranjuez (Madrid) Ávila Avilés (Asturias) Ayamonte (Huelva) Badajoz Badalona (Barcelona) Bailén (Jaén) Barcelona Benidorm (Alicante) Bilbao/Bilbo (Vizcaya/Bizkaia) Burgos Cáceres C... TBold texthis is a list of the municipalities in the province of Lugo, in the autonomous community of Galicia, Spain. ...

Sources and references

The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, published in 1854, was the last a series of classical dictionaries edited by the english scholar William Smith (1813–1893), which included as sister works the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities and the Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. ... Sir William Smith (1813 - 1893), English lexicographer, was born at Enfield in 1813 of Nonconformist parents. ...

Notes

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  1. ^ The cardo and decumanus of the ancient plan can still be recognized in the modern street plan.
  2. ^ Richard A. Fletcher, 1984. Saint James's Catapult: The Life and Times of Diego Gelmírez of Santiago de Compostela (Oxford University Press) (on-line text, ch. 1)

Coordinates: 43°00′N, 7°34′W Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
98-4020 -- U.S. v. Lugo -- 03/11/1999 (3982 words)
Lugo filed a motion to suppress evidence on April 23, 1997, and an evidentiary hearing on that motion was held on April 25, 1997.
Lugo argues that the district court erred by raising sua sponte issues for the government which were not pled in the briefs leading to a subsequent evidentiary hearing on the motion to suppress and causing unfair delay.
Lugo's prior conviction was a misdemeanor under Utah law; and (3) the sixteen level increase was inappropriate because the underlying offense was not an aggravated felony as defined by 8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(43).
AllRefer.com - Lugo, Spain & Portugal (Spanish And Portuguese Political Geography) - Encyclopedia (147 words)
81,493), capital of Lugo prov., NW Spain, in Galicia, on the Mino River.
The city is the processing and trade center for a fertile farm area.
One of the largest slaughterhouses in Spain is in Lugo.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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