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Encyclopedia > Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
Insignia of the Luftwaffe

Founded 1910-1919; 1924-1933; 1933-1946; 1956-1990; 1990-current
Country Germany
Size 62,700 personnel
620 aircraft
Insignia
Roundel
Aircraft flown
Attack Tornado
Electronic
warfare
Tornado
Fighter F-4 Phantom II, Eurofighter
Trainer T-38 Talon, G-120, T-37
Transport Challenger 600, A310, Cougar, C-160

Luftwaffe  (German IPA['luftvafə]) is a generic German term for an air force. It is also the official name for two of the four historic German air forces, the Wehrmacht air arm founded in 1933 and disbanded in 1946; and the current Bundeswehr air arm founded in 1956. Two other historic German air forces are the World War I-era Luftstreitkräfte and the Luftstreitkräfte der NVA in the GDR. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1091x700, 95 KB) From: ZDv 37/10 Die Anzugordnung in der Bundeswehr (German Armed Forces Central Service Regulation) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): German Navy Luftwaffe... Image File history File links Roundel_of_the_German_Air_Force_border. ... A ground attack aircraft is an aircraft that is designed to operate very close to the ground, supporting infantry and tanks directly in battle. ... The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine fighters, which was jointly developed by the United Kingdom, Germany and Italy. ... // Electronic warfare (EW) is the use of the electromagnetic spectrum to effectively deny the use of this phenomena by an adversary, while optimizing its use by friendly forces. ... The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine fighters, which was jointly developed by the United Kingdom, Germany and Italy. ... An A-10 Thunderbolt II, F-86 Sabre, P-38 Lightning and P-51 Mustang fly in formation during an air show at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia. ... The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II[2] is a two-seat supersonic long-range all-weather fighter-bomber originally developed for the U.S. Navy by McDonnell Douglas. ... This article is about a fighter aircraft. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Northrop T-38 Talon is a US-built supersonic jet trainer for military pilots. ... The Grob G-120A is a two seated training and aerobatic low-wing aircraft with a corrosion-free carbon composite airframe. ... One of the most prominent of the trainer-attack type aircraft is the Cessna T-37/A-37, known in various forms as the Tweety Bird, Tweet, Dragonfly, or Super Tweet. ... The Bombardier Challenger 600 series is a family of business jets designed by Bill Lear and produced first by Canadair until that company was bought by Bombardier Aerospace in 1986. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... AS 532 Cougar The Eurocopter Cougar is a twin-engined, medium-weight, multipurpose helicopter manufactured by Eurocopter. ... The Transport Allianz Transall C-160 is a military transport aircraft developed by a consortium of French and German aircraft manufacturers for the air forces of those two nations and that of South Africa. ... Image File history File links De-Luftwaffe-pronunciation. ... For a particular Air Force, see List of air forces. ... The straight-armed Balkenkreuz, a stylized version of the Iron Cross, the emblem of the Wehrmacht. ... The Bundeswehr (German for Federal Defence Force;  ) is the name of the unified armed forces of the Federal Republic of Germany and their civil administration and procurement authorities. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Luftstreitkräfte or Imperial German Army Air Service (Die Fliegertruppen des deutschen Kaiserreiches), was the over-land air arm of the German military during World War I (1914–1918). ... MIG-21PFM with marking of the NVA Die Luftstreitkräfte der NVA, was the Air Force of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). ... “East Germany” redirects here. ...

Contents

History

World War I

Main article: Luftstreitkräfte

The forerunner of the Luftwaffe, the Imperial German Army Air Service (Luftstreitkräfte), was founded in 1910 with the emergence of military aircraft, although they were intended to be used primarily for reconnaissance in support of armies on the ground, just as balloons had been used in the same fashion during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–1871 and even as far back as the Napoleonic Wars. It was not the world's first air force, however, because France's embryonic army air service, which eventually became the French Air Force (Armée de l’Air), had also been founded in 1910. Britain's Royal Flying Corps (which merged in 1918 with the Royal Naval Air Service to form the Royal Air Force) was founded in 1912. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Luftstreitkräfte or Imperial German Army Air Service (Die Fliegertruppen des deutschen Kaiserreiches), was the over-land air arm of the German military during World War I (1914–1918). ... Image File history File links Cross-Pattee-Heraldry. ... The Luftstreitkräfte or Imperial German Army Air Service (Die Fliegertruppen des deutschen Kaiserreiches), was the over-land air arm of the German military during World War I (1914–1918). ... Military aircraft are airplanes used in warfare. ... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... Combatants Second French Empire North German Confederation allied with South German states (later German Empire) Commanders Napoleon III François Achille Bazaine Patrice de Mac-Mahon, duc de Magenta Otto von Bismarck Helmuth von Moltke the Elder Strength 400,000 at wars beginning 1,200,000 Casualties 150,000... Combatants Austria[a] Portugal Prussia[a] Russia[b] Sicily[c] Sardinia  Spain[d]  Sweden[e] United Kingdom French Empire Holland[f] Italy Etruria[g] Naples[h] Duchy of Warsaw[i] Confederation of the Rhine[j] Bavaria Saxony Westphalia Württemberg Denmark-Norway[k] Commanders Archduke Charles Prince Schwarzenberg Karl Mack... For a particular Air Force, see List of air forces. ... The French Air Force is the air force branch of the French Armed Forces. ... The Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was the over-land air arm of the British military during most of World War I. // Formed by Royal Warrant on 13 May 1912, the RFC superseded the Air Battalion of the Royal Engineers. ... Personnel of No 1 Squadron RNAS in late 1914 The Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) was the air arm of the Royal Navy until near the end of World War I, when it merged with the British Armys Royal Flying Corps (RFC) to form the Royal Air Force. ... RAF redirects here. ...


During World War I, the Imperial Army Air Service utilised a wide variety of aircraft, ranging from fighters (such as those manufactured by Albatros-Flugzeugwerke and Fokker) to reconnaissance aircraft (Aviatik and DFW) and heavy bombers (Gothaer Waggonfabrik, better known simply as Gotha, and Zeppelin-Staaken). “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Albatros-Flugzeugwerke was a German aircraft manufacturer that supplied the German airforces during World War I. The company was based in Johannisthal, Berlin, where it was founded in 1910. ... Fokker was a Dutch aircraft manufacturer named after its founder, Anthony Fokker. ... Gothaer Waggonfabrik (Gotha, GWF) was a German manufacturer of rolling stock established in the late nineteenth century at Warnemünde. ...

Portrait of Manfred von Richthofen, the Red Baron, who brought down 80 Allied aircraft before being shot down and killed on April 21, 1918. The medal around his neck is a Pour le Mérite.

However, the fighters received the most attention in the annals of military aviation, since it produced aces such as Manfred von Richthofen, popularly known as the Red Baron (der rote Baron), Ernst Udet, Hermann Göring, Oswald Boelcke, Werner Voss, and Max Immelmann (the first airman to win the Pour le Mérite, Imperial Germany's highest decoration for gallantry, as a result of which the decoration became popularly known as the Blue Max) . As did the German Navy, the German Army used Zeppelins as airships for bombing military and civilian targets in France and Belgium as well as the United Kingdom. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1795x2597, 267 KB) Photograph of Manfred von Richthofen, the Red Baron. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1795x2597, 267 KB) Photograph of Manfred von Richthofen, the Red Baron. ... Red Baron redirects here. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Order Pour le Mérite, known informally as the Blue Max (German: Blauer Max), was Prussias highest military order until the end of World War I. The award was a blue-enameled Maltese Cross with eagles between the arms, the Prussian royal cypher, and the French legend Pour... Red Baron redirects here. ... Ernst Udet (April 26, 1896 – November 17, 1941) was the second-highest scoring German flying ace of World War I. He was one of the youngest aces and was the highest scoring German ace to survive the war (at the age of 22). ...   (January 12, 1893 – October 15, 1946) was a German politician and military leader, a leading member of the Nazi Party, second in command of the Third Reich, designated successor to Adolf Hitler, and commander of the Luftwaffe (German Air Force). ... Oswald Boelcke (IPA: ; 19 May 1891–28 October 1916) was a German flying ace of the First World War and one of the most influential patrol leaders and tacticians of the early years of air combat. ... Werner Voss (April 13, 1897–September 23, 1917) was a World War I German fighter pilot and ace. ... Max Immelmann Max Immelmann (September 21, 1890 - June 18, 1916) was a German World War I Flying ace. ... The Order Pour le Mérite, known informally as the Blue Max (German: Blauer Max), was Prussias highest military order until the end of World War I. The award was a blue-enameled Maltese Cross with eagles between the arms, the Prussian royal cypher, and the French legend Pour... Zeppelins are types of rigid airships pioneered by German Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin in the early 20th century, based in part on an earlier design by aviation pioneer David Schwarz. ... USS Akron (ZRS-4) in flight, November 2, 1931 An airship or dirigible is a buoyant lighter-than-air aircraft that can be steered and propelled through the air. ...


All German and Austro-Hungarian military aircraft in service used the Iron Cross insignia until early 1918. Afterwards, the Balkenkreuz, a black Greek cross on white, was introduced. Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... A stylized version of the Iron Cross, the emblem of the Bundeswehr, Germanys Armed Forces. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


After the war ended in German defeat, the service was dissolved completely under the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles, which demanded that its aeroplanes be completely destroyed. As a result of this disbanding, today's Luftwaffe (which dates from 1956) can not claim to be the oldest independent air force in the world, since the Royal Air Force of the United Kingdom is older, having been founded on April 1, 1918. This article is about the Treaty of Versailles of June 28, 1919, which ended World War I. For other uses, see Treaty of Versailles (disambiguation) . The Treaty of Versailles (1919) was a peace treaty that officially ended World War I between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany. ... RAF redirects here. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...


Interwar period

Since the Treaty of Versailles forbade Germany from having an air force, German pilots had to be trained in secret. Initially, civil aviation schools within Germany were used, yet only light training planes could be used in order to maintain the facade that the trainees were going to fly with civil airlines such as Lufthansa. To train its pilots on the latest combat aircraft, Germany solicited the help of its future enemy, the USSR, which was also isolated in Europe. A secret training airfield was established at Lipetsk in 1924 and operated for approximately nine years using mostly Dutch and Russian, but also some German, training aircraft before being closed in 1933. This base was officially known as 4th squadron of the 40th wing of the Red Army. Interbellum redirects here. ... This article is about the Treaty of Versailles of June 28, 1919, which ended World War I. For other uses, see Treaty of Versailles (disambiguation) . The Treaty of Versailles (1919) was a peace treaty that officially ended World War I between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest airline in Europe in terms of overall passengers carried (second is Air France - KLM), and the flag carrier of Germany. ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Soviet republics Area  - Total  - % water 1st before collapse 22,402,200 km² Approx. ... Historic Coat of Arms of Lipetsk introduced in 1781 Lipetsk (Russian: ) is a city located in the Central Federal District of Russia. ...

Collar tabs of a Luftwaffe major (1935–1945). The background colour denotes that the wearer was in a flying division; other divisions had patches with different coloured backgrounds, such as red for those in antiaircraft artillery (Flak) units.
Collar tabs of a Luftwaffe major (1935–1945). The background colour denotes that the wearer was in a flying division; other divisions had patches with different coloured backgrounds, such as red for those in antiaircraft artillery (Flak) units.

On February 26, 1935, Adolf Hitler ordered Hermann Göring to establish the Luftwaffe, breaking the Treaty of Versailles's ban on German military aviation. Germany violated the treaty without sanction from Britain and France or the League of Nations, and neither they nor the league did anything to oppose this. Although the new air force was to be run totally separately from the army, it retained the tradition of according army ranks for its officers and airmen, a tradition retained today by united Germany's Bundesluftwaffe and by many air forces throughout the world. It is worth noting, however, that before the official promulgation of Göring's new Luftwaffe in 1935, Germany had a paramilitary air force known as the Deutscher Luftverband (DVL: German air union). The DVL was headed by Ernst Udet and its insignia were taken over by the new Luftwaffe, although the DVL "ranks" had special names that made them sound more civilian than military. Collar tabs of a major in the Luftwaffe (1935-1945). ... Collar tabs of a major in the Luftwaffe (1935-1945). ... Blue edging around the shoulder strap on this uniform indicate that its wearer is a Gefreiter serving in a logistics unit. ... American troops man an anti-aircraft gun near the Algerian coastline in 1943 Anti-aircraft, or air defense, is any method of combating military aircraft from the ground. ... FLAK was a punk rock side project of members of the band Machinae Supremacy in 2001. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Hitler redirects here. ...   (January 12, 1893 – October 15, 1946) was a German politician and military leader, a leading member of the Nazi Party, second in command of the Third Reich, designated successor to Adolf Hitler, and commander of the Luftwaffe (German Air Force). ... This article is about the Treaty of Versailles of June 28, 1919, which ended World War I. For other uses, see Treaty of Versailles (disambiguation) . The Treaty of Versailles (1919) was a peace treaty that officially ended World War I between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany. ... 1939–1941 semi-official emblem Anachronous world map in 1920–1945, showing the League of Nations and the world Capital Not applicable¹ Language(s) English, French and Spanish Political structure International organization Secretary-general  - 1920–1933 Sir James Eric Drummond  - 1933–1940 Joseph Avenol  - 1940–1946 Seán Lester Historical... Ernst Udet (April 26, 1896 – November 17, 1941) was the second-highest scoring German flying ace of World War I. He was one of the youngest aces and was the highest scoring German ace to survive the war (at the age of 22). ...


Dr. Fritz Todt, the engineer who founded the forced labor Organisation Todt, was appointed to the rank of Generalmajor in the Luftwaffe. He was not, strictly speaking, an airman, although he had served in an observation squadron during World War I and had been awarded the Iron Cross. He died in a plane crash in February 1942. Fritz Todt in the uniform of a major general of the Luftwaffe Fritz Todt (September 4, 1891 – February 8, 1942) was an German engineer and senior Nazi figure, the founder of Organisation Todt. ... Organisation Todt Flag Organisation Todt (OT) was a Nazi construction and engineering group during the years of the Third Reich, which enslaved over 1. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... A stylized version of the Iron Cross, the emblem of the Bundeswehr, Germanys Armed Forces. ... Capt. ...


Hermann Göring personally chose an insignia for the Luftwaffe that differed from that of the other armed branches[citation needed]. The eagle, an old symbol of the German Empire, was used, but in a different posture. Since 1933, when Hitler's National Socialist Party came to power, the eagle held between his claws the symbol of the party—the swastika (an old symbol of sunrise)—which usually was enveloped by an oak wreath. Göring rejected the old heraldic eagle because he felt it was too stylized, too static, and too massive; instead he chose a younger, more natural and lighter eagle with wings spread as if in flight, as he considered this a more suitable symbol for an air force. While the Wehrmacht eagle held the symbol of the Nazi Party firmly in its claws, the Luftwaffe eagle held the swastika with only one claw while the other was bent in a threatening gesture. This article is about the symbol. ... For a particular Air Force, see List of air forces. ...


The Luftwaffe had the ideal opportunity to test its pilots, aircraft and tactics in the Spanish Civil War of 1936–1939, when the Condor Legion was sent to Spain in support of the anti-Republican government revolt led by Francisco Franco. Modern machines included names which would become world famous: the Junkers Ju 87 Stuka dive-bomber, Dornier Do 17 "Schnell" (fast) bomber, and the Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter plane. However, since the aircraft were seconded to Franco's Nationalist air force, Luftwaffe markings were replaced to avoid giving the world the impression that Germany was actively supporting the revolt. Instead of the Nazi Party's swastika on the tail, the German planes used the nationalist air force aircraft markings (a Saint Andrew's cross over a white background, painted on the rudder of the aircraft and a black disc on fuselage and wings). All aircraft in the Legion were affiliated to units given a designation ending in the number 88. For example, bombers were in Kampfgruppe (combat group) 88, abbreviated K/88; and fighters, in Jagdgruppe (fighter group) 88, J/88. Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ... Hermann Göring delivering an honour (likely to be the Spanienkreuz, Spanish Cross) to a member of the Legion Condor (April 1939) The Condor Legion was a unit of Nazi Germanys air force which was sent as volunteers to support the right wing Nationalists (i. ... Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde (December 4, 1892 - November 20, 1975), commonly known as Francisco Franco (pronounced ) or Francisco Franco y Bahamonde was leader of Spain from October 1936, as regent of Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in 1975. ... Stuka redirects here. ... The Dornier Do 17, sometimes referred to as the Fliegender Bleistift (flying pencil), was a light bomber produced by Dornier. ... German Airfield, France, 1941 propaganda photo of the Luftwaffe, Bf 109 fighters on the tarmac The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was a German World War II fighter aircraft designed by Willy Messerschmitt in the early 1930s. ... This article is about the symbol. ...


A grim foretaste of the systematic bombing of cities during World War II came in April 1937 when a combined force of German and Italian bombers under Spanish-Nationalist command destroyed most of the Basque city of Guernica in north-east Spain. This bombing received worldwide condemnation, and the collective memory of the horror of the bombing of civilians has ever since become most acute via the famous painting, named after the town, by the Cubist artist Pablo Picasso. Many feared that this would be the way that future air wars would be conducted, since the Italian strategist, General Giulio Douhet (who had died in 1930), had formulated theories regarding what would be dubbed "strategic bombing", the idea that wars would be won by striking from the air at the heart of the industrial muscle of a warring nation, and thus demoralising the civilian population to the point where the government of that nation would be driven to sue for peace—a portent of things to come, certainly, and not just during the war which would break out in Europe only months after the end of the civil war in Spain. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Pays Basque) see Northern Basque Country. ... The bombing of Gernika was an aerial attack on April 26, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War by the German Luftwaffe squadron known as the Condor Legion against the Basque city of Gernika (Spanish: Guernica). ... Guernica is a painting by Pablo Picasso, depicting the Nazi German bombing of Guernica, Spain, by twenty-eight bombers, on April 26, 1937 during the Spanish Civil War. ... Woman with a guitar by Georges Braque, 1913 Cubism was an avant-garde art movement that revolutionised European painting and sculpture in the early 20th century. ... Picasso redirects here. ... General Giulio Douhet (30 May 1869 - 15 February 1930) was an Italian air power theorist. ...


World War II

At the outset of the war, the Luftwaffe was one of the most modern, powerful, and experienced air forces in the world, dominating the skies over Europe with aircraft much more advanced than their counterparts. The Luftwaffe was central to the German Blitzkrieg (lightning war) doctrine, as the close air support provided by various medium two-engine bombers, Stuka dive bombers and an overwhelming force of tactical fighters were key to several early successes. Unlike the British and American Air Forces, the Luftwaffe never developed four-engine bombers in any significant numbers, and was thus unable to conduct an effective long-range strategic bombing campaign against either the Russians or the Western Allies. The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was the most versatile and widely-produced fighter aircraft operated by the Luftwaffe and was designed when biplanes were still standard. Many versions of this aircraft were made. The engine, a liquid cooled Mercedes-Benz DB 601, initially generated up to almost 1,000 horsepower (750 kW). This power increased as direct fuel injection was introduced to the engines. The kill ratio (almost 9:1) made this plane far superior than any of the other German fighters during the war (the closest being the Focke Wulf Fw 190 at 4:1). The Focke Wulf Fw 190 was considered one of the best German fighters of World War II, second only to the Messerschmitt Bf 109. It had relatively short wings and was powered by a radial BMW engine. The Junkers Ju 87 Stuka was a main asset for Blitzkrieg, able to place bombs with deadly accuracy. The leader of the Luftwaffe was Hermann Göring, a World War I fighter ace and former commander of von Richthofen's famous JG 1 who had joined the Nazi party in its early stages. In the (northern) summer and autumn of 1940, the Luftwaffe lost the Battle of Britain over the skies of England, the first all-air battle. Following the military failures on the Eastern Front, from 1942 onwards, the Luftwaffe went into a steady, gradual decline that saw it outnumbered and overwhelmed by the sheer number of Allied aircraft being deployed against it. Towards the end of the war, the Luftwaffe was no longer a major factor, and despite fielding advanced aircraft like the Messerschmitt Me 262 and Me 163, was crippled by fuel shortages and a lack of trained pilots. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The German Luftwaffe was one of the most powerful, doctrinally advanced, and battle-experienced air forces in the world when World War II started in Europe in September 1939. ... Image File history File links Balkenkreuz. ... This article is about the military term. ... An Apache attack helicopter provides close air support to United States Army soldiers patrolling the Tigris River southeast of Baghdad, Iraq during the Iraq War. ... Junkers Ju 87 Dive-Bombers The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka was the most famous Sturzkampfflugzeug (German dive bomber) in World War II, instantly recognisable by its inverted gull-wings and fixed undercarriage. ... German Airfield, France, 1941 propaganda photo of the Luftwaffe, Bf 109 fighters on the tarmac The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was a German World War II fighter aircraft designed by Willy Messerschmitt in the early 1930s. ... The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger (shrike), often called Butcher-bird (usually for the radial engined version), was a single-seat, single-engine fighter aircraft of Germanys Luftwaffe, and one of the best fighters of its generation. ... The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger (shrike), often called Butcher-bird (usually for the radial engined version), was a single-seat, single-engine fighter aircraft of Germanys Luftwaffe, and one of the best fighters of its generation. ... German Airfield, France, 1941 propaganda photo of the Luftwaffe, Bf 109 fighters on the tarmac The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was a German World War II fighter aircraft designed by Willy Messerschmitt in the early 1930s. ... Stuka redirects here. ...   (January 12, 1893 – October 15, 1946) was a German politician and military leader, a leading member of the Nazi Party, second in command of the Third Reich, designated successor to Adolf Hitler, and commander of the Luftwaffe (German Air Force). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Fighter Ace is an online multiplayer computer game in which one flies World War II fighter and bomber planes in combat against other players and virtual pilots. ... Red Baron redirects here. ... This article is about the Second World War battle. ... Combatants Soviet Union,[1] Poland, Tannu Tuva (until 1944 incorporation with USSR), Mongolia Germany,[2] Italy (to 1943), Romania (to 1944), Finland (to 1944), Hungary, Slovakia, Croatia, Spain (to 1943, unofficial) Commanders Joseph Stalin, Aleksei Antonov, Ivan Konev, Rodion Malinovsky, Ivan Bagramyan, Kirill Meretskov, Ivan Petrov, Alexander Rodimtsev, Konstantin Rokossovsky... The Messerschmitt Me 262 Schwalbe (German: Swallow) was the worlds first operational turbojet fighter aircraft. ... The Messerschmitt Me 163 Komet was the only operational rocket fighter aircraft. ...


Cold War


Bundeswehr
Teilstreitkräfte or TSK
(Branches)
Heer
Luftwaffe
Marine
Organisationsbereiche
(Organisational areas)
Sanitätsdienst
Streitkräftebasis
The Canadian version of the North American F-86 Sabre, the Canadair CL-13, had a long career in the Luftwaffe, with which 75 Mk. 5 and 225 Mk. 6 examples served. This model is in the markings of 1. Staffel, Waffenschule 10 (1. / WaSLw 10), based at Oldenburg in 1959.
(Model by Peter Mojzisek)

German aviation in general was severely curtailed, and military aviation was completely forbidden when the Luftwaffe was officially disbanded in August 1946 by the Allied Control Commission. This changed when West Germany joined NATO in 1955, as the Western Allies believed that Germany was needed in view of the increasing military threat posed by the Soviet Union and its Warsaw Pact allies. Throughout the following decades, the West German Luftwaffe (Bundesluftwaffe: federal air force) was equipped mostly with U.S.-designed aircraft manufactured locally under license. All aircraft sported—and continue to sport—the Iron Cross on the fuselage, harking back to the days of World War I, while the national flag of West Germany is displayed on the tail. For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Bundeswehr_Kreuz. ... The Bundeswehr (German for Federal Defence Force;  ) is the name of the unified armed forces of the Federal Republic of Germany and their civil administration and procurement authorities. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1106x700, 99 KB) From: ZDv 37/10 Die Anzugordnung in der Bundeswehr (German Armed Forces Central Service Regulation) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): German Navy Luftwaffe... The German Army (German: [1], [IPA: heɐ]  ) is the land component of the Bundeswehr (Federal Defence Forces) of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1091x700, 95 KB) From: ZDv 37/10 Die Anzugordnung in der Bundeswehr (German Armed Forces Central Service Regulation) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): German Navy Luftwaffe... Image File history File links Bundeswehr_Marine. ... German frigate Karlsruhe rescuing shipwrecked people off the coast of Somalia while participating in the international anti-terror operation ENDURING FREEDOM, April 2005 The Laboe Naval Memorial for sailors who lost their lives at sea during the World Wars and while on duty at sea and U 995 Modern air... Central Medical Services is the English translation of the German Zentraler Sanitätsdienst (in short: Sanitätsdienst) which is the term for the medical services of the German armed forces. ... Logo of the Streitkräftebasis Feldjäger(MP) patrol vehicle Streitkräftebasis (Joint Support Service, SKB) is a branch of the German Bundeswehr established in October 2000. ... Model of Canadair Cl-13 (North American F-86) Sabre in Luftwaffe markings This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Model of Canadair Cl-13 (North American F-86) Sabre in Luftwaffe markings This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Following the termination of hostilities in World War II, the Allied Powers were in control of the defeated Axis countries, anticipating the defeat of Germany and Japan they had already set up the European Advisory Commission and a proposed Far Eastern Advisory Commission to make recommendations for the post war... This article is about the military alliance. ... Not to be confused with the Warsaw Convention, which is an agreement about airlines financial liability and the Treaty of Warsaw (1970) between West Germany and the Peoples Republic of Poland. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American...

West-German Luftwaffe field cap from 1962
West-German Luftwaffe field cap from 1962

Many well-known fighter pilots who had fought with the Luftwaffe in World War II joined the new post-war air force and underwent refresher training in the U.S. before returning to West Germany to upgrade on the latest U.S.-supplied hardware. These included Erich Hartmann, the highest-ever scoring ace (352 enemy aircraft destroyed), Gerhard Barkhorn (301), Günther Rall (275) and Johannes Steinhoff (176). Steinhoff, who suffered a crash in a Messerschmitt Me 262 shortly before the end of the war that resulted in lifelong scarring of his face and other parts of his body, would eventually become commander-in-chief of the Luftwaffe, with Rall as his immediate successor. Hartmann retired as an Oberst (colonel) in 1970 at age 48. Josef Kammhuber, mentioned above, also served in the post-war Luftwaffe, retiring in 1962 as Inspekteur der Bundesluftwaffe (chief inspector of the Federal air force). Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 401 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1181 × 1766 pixel, file size: 789 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 401 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1181 × 1766 pixel, file size: 789 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Erich Alfred Bubi Hartmann (April 19, 1922 - September 20, 1993), also nicknamed The Blond Knight Of Germany by friends and The Black Devil by his enemies, is the most successful fighter ace in the history of aerial combat. ... Gerhard Gerd Barkhorn (20 March 1919 - 8 January 1983) was the second most successful fighter ace of all time after fellow Luftwaffe pilot Erich Hartmann. ... Günther Rall (10 March 1918) was the third most successful Luftwaffe fighter ace of World War 2. ... Johannes Steinhoff (September 15, 1913 - February 21, 1994) was a German Luftwaffe fighter ace of World War II and a senior West German air force officer after the war . ... The Messerschmitt Me 262 Schwalbe (German: Swallow) was the worlds first operational turbojet fighter aircraft. ... ... For other uses, see Colonel (disambiguation). ... Josef Kammhuber (August 19, 1896–January 1, 1986) was the first General of the Night Fighters in the Luftwaffe during World War II. He is credited with setting up the first truly successful night fighter defense system, the so-called Kammhuber Line, but a detailed knowledge of the system provided...


During the 1960s, the "Starfighter crisis" developed into a political issue, as many of these Lockheed F-104 fighters crashed after being modified to serve for Luftwaffe purposes—specifically for terrain, weather and ground troop support issues. In Luftwaffe service, 292 of the 916 Starfighters crashed, claiming the lives of 115 pilots and leading to cries that the Starfighter was fundamentally unsafe from the West German public, which referred to it as the Witwenmacher (widow-maker), fliegender Sarg (flying coffin), and Erdnagel (ground nail). The Lockheed F-104 Starfighter was a single-engined, high-performance, supersonic interceptor aircraft that served with the United States Air Force (USAF) from 1958 until 1967. ... The Lockheed SR-71 was remarkably advanced for its time and remains unsurpassed in many areas of performance. ...


Steinhoff and his deputy Rall noted that the non-German F-104s proved much safer—Spain, for example, lost none in the same period. The Americans blamed the high loss rate of the Luftwaffe F-104s on the extreme low-level and aggressive flying of German pilots rather than any faults in the aircraft.[1]. Steinhoff and Rall immediately left their daily work and learned to fly the aircraft in America under Lockheed instruction and noted some specifics in the training (a distinct lack of mountains and foggy weather training), combined with handling capabilities (sharp start high G turns) of the aircraft that could create accident situations.


Steinhoff and Rall immediately changed the training regimen for the F-104 pilots, and accident ratios quickly fell to those comparable or better than other air forces. They also brought about the high level of training and professionalism seen today throughout the Luftwaffe, and the start of a strategic direction for Luftwaffe pilots to tactically and combat train outside Germany. However, the F-104 never lived down its reputation as a widow-maker and was replaced much earlier by the Luftwaffe than other national air forces.


1970s

One of 212 Panavia Tornado IDSs delivered to the Luftwaffe
One of 212 Panavia Tornado IDSs delivered to the Luftwaffe

From 1965 through 1970, two surface to surface missile wings (Flugkörpergeschwader) fielded 16 of the Pershing I missile systems with nuclear warheads under U.S. Army custody. In 1970, the system was upgraded to Pershing IA with 72 systems. Although not directly affected by the 1988 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, the Luftwaffe unilaterally agreed to the retrograde of the Pershing IA system from their inventory in 1991, and the missiles were destroyed. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x853, 650 KB) Summary Panavia Tornado IDS of Luftwaffe on static display at Radom Air Show 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x853, 650 KB) Summary Panavia Tornado IDS of Luftwaffe on static display at Radom Air Show 2005. ... The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine fighters, which was jointly developed by the United Kingdom, Germany and Italy. ... Pershing was a family of solid-fueled two-stage medium-range ballistic missiles designed and built by Martin Marietta to replace the PGM-11 Redstone missile as the Armys primary theater-level weapon. ... U.S. President Reagan and Soviet General Secretary Gorbachev signing the INF Treaty, 1987. ...


Beginning in June 1979, the Luftwaffe took delivery of 212 Panavia Tornado IDSs. The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine fighters, which was jointly developed by the United Kingdom, Germany and Italy. ... The Panavia Tornado was produced in three major variants; the strike/reconnaissance Interdictor/Strike (IDS), the IDS-based Electronic Combat/Reconnaissance (ECR) and the Air Defence Variant (ADV). ...


The United States provides nuclear weapons for use by Germany under a NATO nuclear sharing agreement. As of 2007, only 22 B61-4s are provided, stored at Büchel Air Base for delivery with German Air Force Tornado IDS. They will likely be withdrawn when the Tornados at Büchel are replaced with Eurofighter Typhoons after 2012, as it is not planned to integrate the B-61 bomb into the Eurofighter. B-61s stationed at Nörvenich and Memmingen Air Base (fighter-bomber wing JaBoG 34 "Allgäu") have already been withdrawn in the mid to late nineties. All bombs formerly stored at Ramstein Air Base have been brought back to the US due to ongoing construction work at Ramstein AB and will not be returned. The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter A nuclear weapon derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of fusion or fission. ... Nuclear sharing is a concept in NATOs policy of nuclear deterrence, which involves member countries without nuclear weapons of their own in the planning for the use of nuclear weapons by NATO, and in particular provides for the armed forces of these countries to be involved in delivering these... B61 bomb in various stages of assembly. ... The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine fighters, which was jointly developed by the United Kingdom, Germany and Italy. ... Boeing C-17A Lot XII Globemaster III Serial 00-0172 Spirit of the Cascades at the Ramstein cargo terminal. ...


Reunification

The GDR air force, the Luftstreitkräfte der NVA, was supplied exclusively with Eastern Bloc-produced aircraft such as the Sukhoi Su-17 Fitter and the more famous Mikoyan-Gurevich (MiG) family of aircraft, such as the MiG-21, MiG-23 and MiG-29 fighters, and served primarily as an extension of Red Air Force units in Eastern Germany. The East German Air Force was unique among Warsaw Pact countries in that it was often equipped with Soviet-standard combat aircraft instead of downgraded export models, though operated an extension of Soviet air power, the East German Air Force enjoyed less autonomy than other Eastern Bloc air forces. Unlike the West German Luftwaffe, the markings sported on the aircraft reflected the identity of the country as belonging to the Communist bloc. These markings consisted of a diamond-shaped design, in which could be seen the vertically oriented three stripes in black, red and gold surmounted by the stylized hammer, compass and wreath-like ears-of-grain design, which was also on the Flag of East Germany, although the stripes were a 90-degree orientation from those to be seen on either national flag of the two German nations between 1959 and 1990. German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) refers to the reunification of Germany from its constituent parts of East Germany and West Germany under a single government on October 3, 1990. ... Image File history File links Gdr-af. ... Disambiguation Page Global Depositary Receipt East Germany ... MIG-21PFM with marking of the NVA Die Luftstreitkräfte der NVA, was the Air Force of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). ... A map of the Eastern Bloc 1948-1989. ... Polish decomissioned Su-20 Front view of Su-20 Polish Su-22 Two aircraft share the designation Su-17 The Sukhoi Su-17 (NATO reporting name Fitter) was a Soviet attack aircraft developed from the Su-7 fighter-bomber. ... For other uses, see Mikoyan (disambiguation). ... The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Russian: ) (NATO reporting name Fishbed) is a supersonic jet fighter aircraft, designed and built by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union. ... The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Russian: ; NATO reporting name: Flogger) is a swing-wing fighter aircraft, designed by the Mikoyan-Gurevich bureau in the Soviet Union. ... The Mikoyan MiG-29 (NATO reporting name Fulcrum) is a Russian fighter aircraft used in the air superiority role. ... Soviet Air Force, also known under the abbreviation VVS, transliterated from Russian: ВВС, Военно-воздушные силы (Voenno-Vozdushnye Sily), formed the official designation of the airforce of the Soviet Union. ... MIG-21PFM with marking of the NVA Die Luftstreitkräfte der NVA, was the Air Force of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). ... Not to be confused with the Warsaw Convention, which is an agreement about airlines financial liability and the Treaty of Warsaw (1970) between West Germany and the Peoples Republic of Poland. ... Flag ratio: 3:5 From the establishment of East Germany in 1949 to 1959, the flag of East Germany was the same as the Flag of West Germany, and the current Flag of Germany. ...

After East and West Germany were reunified in October 1990, the aircraft of the NVA were taken over by the unified Federal Republic of Germany, and their GDR markings were replaced by the Iron Cross, thus creating the singular situation of Soviet-built aircraft serving in a NATO air force. However, most of these would eventually be taken out of service altogether, in many cases being sold to the new Eastern European allies now part of NATO, such as Poland and the Baltic states. Image File history File links Roundel_of_the_German_Air_Force_border. ... The National People’s Army (German: Nationale Volksarmee) served as the military of the German Democratic Republic. ... The Federal Republic of Germany can refer to two things: West Germany from 1949-1990 Germany since German reunification in 1990 ... This article is about the military alliance. ...

Luftwaffe MiG-29UB
Luftwaffe MiG-29UB

The exception to this was the Jagdgeschwader 73 "Steinhoff" (Fighter Wing 73 Steinhoff) stationed in Laage. The pilots of the JG 73 flew MiG-29s acquired during the reunification and were some of the most experienced MiG-29 pilots in the world. One of their primary duties was to serve as aggressor pilots, training other pilots in dissimilar combat tactics. The United States sent a group of fighter pilots to Germany during the Red October exercise to practice real tactics against the aircraft they were most likely to meet in real combat. In 2004, however, the MiG-29s were sold to Poland. Since then, pilots of the JG 73 fly the Eurofighter Typhoon. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (2810 × 1870 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (2810 × 1870 pixel, file size: 2. ... The Mikoyan MiG-29 (NATO reporting name Fulcrum) is a Russian fighter aircraft used in the air superiority role. ... Jagdgeschwader 73 (Fighter Wing 73) Steinhoff is a fighter wing of the Luftwaffe. ... Wing is a term used by different air forces for a unit of command. ... Laage is a town in the district of Güstrow, in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. ... Dissimilar air combat training was introduced into air combat training after Vietnam combat experience. ... This article is about a fighter aircraft. ...

1990s

In March 1999, for the first time since 1945, the Luftwaffe engaged in combat operations as part of the NATO-led Kosovo War. This event was noted as significant in the British press with The Sun running the headline "Luftwaffe and the RAF into battle side by side".[2] The Luftwaffe flew suppression of enemy air defence (SEAD) sorties. No Luftwaffe aircraft were lost during the campaign, but the force's role proved to be controversial in Germany because Germany was not and, indeed, still is not allowed to participate in "wars of aggression" owing to its 1949 constitution (Grundgesetz). In addition to constitutional concerns, strong pacifist sentiment is present in the population that is opposed to the use of force by Germany in international affairs. This article is about the military alliance. ... The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts (a civil war followed by an international war) in the southern Serbian province called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... This article is about a British tabloid. ... AGM-88 HARM missile on a U.S. Navy aircraft SEAD (pronounced: see-add or seed), or Suppression of Enemy Air Defences, also known as Wild Weasels and Iron Hand, operations are military actions to suppress enemy surface-based air defences (Surface-to-air missiles (SAMs) and anti-aircraft artillery... The Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the constitution of modern Germany. ...


2000s

In 2005, four F-4F Phantoms participated on NATO's Baltic Air Policing operation.[3] The three Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. ...


In 2006, to support coalition operations across Afghanistan, the Luftwaffe deployed Panavia Tornado reconnaissance aircraft from Aufklärungsgeschwader 51 "Immelmann" (the 51st Reconnaissance Wing Immelmann), stationed in Mazar-i-Sharif, Northern Afghanistan.[4] Mazār-e Sharīf, also known as Mazar-e-Sharif, Mazar-i Sharif and Mazar-i-Sharif (in Persian مزار شریف), is a city in northern Afghanistan and the capital of Balkh province. ...


Future

A Luftwaffe Eurofighter Typhoon (two-seater trainer version)
A Luftwaffe Eurofighter Typhoon (two-seater trainer version)

Since the 1970s, the Luftwaffe of West Germany and later the reunited Germany (as well as many other European air forces) has actively pursued the construction of European combat aircraft such as the Panavia Tornado and, more recently, the Eurofighter Typhoon, which was introduced in 2006. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 612 KB) Source: de. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 612 KB) Source: de. ... This article is about a fighter aircraft. ... The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine fighters, which was jointly developed by the United Kingdom, Germany and Italy. ... This article is about a fighter aircraft. ...


On January 13, 2004, the then-German Defence Minister Peter Struck announced major changes to the German armed forces. A major part of this announcement was a plan to cut the German fighter fleet from 426 aircraft in early 2004 to 265 by 2015. Assuming the full German order for 180 Eurofighter Typhoons is fulfilled, this will see the Tornado force reduced to 85.[5] The German Navy's air wing (Marineflieger) received 112 Tornado IDSs. In late 2004 the last Tornado unit was disbanded. The maritime combat role has been assumed by the Luftwaffe, a unit of which has had its Tornados upgraded to carry the Kormoran II and AGM-88 HARM missiles. is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Federal Minister of Defence (in German, Bundesminister der Verteidigung) is the member of the German Federal Cabinet in charge of the Federal Ministry of Defence. ... Peter Struck Peter Struck (born January 24, 1943 in Göttingen) is a lawyer, member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany and has been German Minister of Defence under chancellor Gerhard Schröder since October 22, 2002. ... The Bundeswehr (German for Federal Defence Force;  ) is the name of the unified armed forces of the Federal Republic of Germany and their civil administration and procurement authorities. ... This article is about a fighter aircraft. ... German frigate Karlsruhe rescuing shipwrecked people off the coast of Somalia while participating in the international anti-terror operation ENDURING FREEDOM, April 2005 The Laboe Naval Memorial for sailors who lost their lives at sea during the World Wars and while on duty at sea and U 995 Modern air... Kormoran 2 The AS.34 Kormoran is a German-produced ASM. The Kormoran utilizes an inertial guidance system for the midcourse phase, switching to active radar homing during the terminal attack phase. ... The AGM-88 High-speed Anti-Radiation Missile (HARM) is an air-to-surface tactical missile designed to home in on electronic transmissions associated with surface-to-air missile radar systems. ...


Tactical Training Centers

In light of the destroyed infrastructure of West Germany post-World War II, the restrictions on aircraft production placed on Germany and the later restrictive flying zones available for training pilots, the reconstructed Luftwaffe trained most of its pilots tactically away from Germany, mainly in the U.S. where most of its aircraft were sourced. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (882x580, 609 KB) Summary Luftwaffe Panavia Tornados in Goose Bay, Labrador Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Luftwaffe CFB Goose Bay Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (882x580, 609 KB) Summary Luftwaffe Panavia Tornados in Goose Bay, Labrador Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Luftwaffe CFB Goose Bay Metadata This file contains additional... The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine fighters, which was jointly developed by the United Kingdom, Germany and Italy. ... Canadian Forces Base (CFB) Goose Bay, also referred to as 5 Wing Goose Bay or Goose Bay Airport, (IATA: YYR, ICAO: CYYR) is an air force base in eastern Canada, located in the town of Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Labrador. ...


During the 1960s and 1970s, a very large number of Luftwaffe jet crashes—the Luftwaffe suffered a 36 percent crash rate for F-84F Thunderstreaks and an almost 30 percent loss of F-104 Starfighters—created considerable public demand for moving Luftwaffe combat training centres away from Germany. F-84G Thunderjet F-84F Thundersteak flown by USAF Thunderbirds The F-84 Thunderjet was an American built fighter-bomber aircraft made by the Republic Aviation Company. ... The Lockheed F-104 Starfighter was a single-engined, high-performance, supersonic interceptor aircraft that served with the United States Air Force (USAF) from 1958 until 1967. ...


As a result, the Luftwaffe set up two tactical training centres: one, like those of many of the NATO forces, at the Canadian Forces Air Command base at Goose Bay; and the second in a unique partnership with the United States Air Force at Holloman Air Force Base in New Mexico. Both facilities provide access to large unpopulated areas, where tactical and combat training can take place without danger to large populations. This article is about the military alliance. ... Canadian Forces Air Command (AIRCOM) is the air force element of the Canadian Forces. ... Canadian Forces Base (CFB) Goose Bay, also referred to as 5 Wing Goose Bay or Goose Bay Airport, (IATA: YYR, ICAO: CYYR) is an air force base in eastern Canada, located in the town of Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Labrador. ... Lockheed F-117A of the 49th FW Northrop AT-38AB-45-NO Talon Serial 62-3660 of the 586th Flight Test Squadron (AFMC) German Luftwaffe Panavia Tornado at Holloman Holloman Air Force Base (IATA: HMN, ICAO: KHMN, FAA LID: HMN) is a United States Air Force base located six miles... Official language(s) None Spoken language(s) English 68. ...


In September 2004, the Luftwaffe’s chief of staff, Klaus-Peter Stieglitz, announced a reduction in its training program of roughly 20%.


Holloman Air Force Base

On May 1, 1996, the Luftwaffe established the German Air Force Tactical Training Center (TTC) in concert with the United States Air Force 20th Fighter Squadron, which provides aircrew training in the F-4F Phantom II. The TTC serves as the parent command for two German air crew training squadrons. The F-4 Training Squadron oversees all German F-4 student personnel affairs and provides German instructor pilots to cooperate in the contracted F-4 training program provided by the U.S. Air Force (20th Fighter Squadron). A second TTC unit, the Tornado Training Squadron, provides academic and tactical flying training, by German air force instructors, for German Tornado aircrews. Lockheed F-117A of the 49th FW Northrop AT-38AB-45-NO Talon Serial 62-3660 of the 586th Flight Test Squadron (AFMC) German Luftwaffe Panavia Tornado at Holloman Holloman Air Force Base (IATA: HMN, ICAO: KHMN, FAA LID: HMN) is a United States Air Force base located six miles... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... USAF redirects here. ... The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine fighters, which was jointly developed by the United Kingdom, Germany and Italy. ...


The first contingent of Tornado aircraft arrived at Holloman in March 1996. More than 300 German air force members are permanently assigned at Holloman to the TTC, the only unit of its kind in the United States. The German Air Force Flying Training Center activated on March 31, 1996, with German Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Portz and U.S. Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Michael Ryan present. The Luftwaffe has since stationed up to 800 personnel at Holloman for training exercises, due to limited training space in Europe. is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Organization

MIM-104 Patriot system of the Luftwaffe
MIM-104 Patriot system of the Luftwaffe
Büchel airbase of the Luftwaffe, Germany
Büchel airbase of the Luftwaffe, Germany

Current Structure of the German Luftwaffe down to Squadron-level, as of 20th of December 2007 Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 768 pixels, file size: 225 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Beschreibung: MIM 104 / Patriot System der Bundeswehr Fotograf: Darkone, 13. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 768 pixels, file size: 225 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Beschreibung: MIM 104 / Patriot System der Bundeswehr Fotograf: Darkone, 13. ... Four Patriot missiles like the one shown here can be fired from this mobile launcher between loadings. ... Büchel is a municipality in the district Cochem-Zell, in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ...

Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... The Federal Ministry of Defence (Bundesministerium der Verteidigung) is a ministry in the German Cabinet. ...

Air Force Command

  • HQ Squadron
  • Command of Aerial Forces
    • HQ Squadron
  • National Aerospace Defence Command
  • Support Service Command of the Air Force
1st Air Force Division 2nd Air Force Division 4th Air Force Division Air Transport Command
HQ Squadron HQ Squadron HQ Squadron HQ Squadron
1st Air Force Band 2nd Air Force Band 4th Air Force Band
1st Aerial Region Command 3rd Aerial Region Command
  • 2nd Aerial Region Command
  • 4th Aerial Region Command
5th Aerial Defence Wing
  • 22nd Aerial Defence Group
  • 23rd Aerial Defence Group
2nd Aerial Defence Wing
  • 21st Aerial Defence Group
  • 24th Aerial Defence Group
1st Aerial Defence Wing
  • 25th Aerial Defence Group
  • 26th Aerial Defence Group

32nd Ground-attack Wing To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

  • 321st Ground-attack Squadron
  • 322nd Ground-attack Squadron

74th Fighter Wing Jagdgeschwader 74 (Fighter Wing 74) is a fighter wing of the Luftwaffe. ...

  • 741st Fighter Squadron
  • 742nd Fighter Squadron

31st Ground-attack Wing “Boelcke Oswald Boelcke (IPA: ; 19 May 1891–28 October 1916) was a German flying ace of the First World War and one of the most influential patrol leaders and tacticians of the early years of air combat. ...

  • 311th Ground-attack Squadron
  • 312th Ground-attack Squadron

33rd Ground-attack Wing

  • 331st Ground-attack Squadron
  • 332nd Ground-attack Squadron

73rd Fighter Wing “Steinhoff” Jagdgeschwader 73 (Fighter Wing 73) Steinhoff is a fighter wing of the Luftwaffe. ...

  • 371st Fighter Squadron

71st Fighter Wing "Richthofen" Red Baron redirects here. ...

  • 711th Fighter Squadron
  • 712th Fighter Squadron

51st Reconnaissance Wing “Immelmann”

  • 511th Reconnaissance Wing
  • 512th Reconnaissance Wing

Ministerial Transport Readiness Wing

  • 1st Transport Squadron
  • 2nd Transport Squadron

61st Air Transport Wing

  • 611th Transport Squadron
  • 612th Transport Squadron
  • 613th Transport Squadron

62nd Air Transport Wing

  • 621st Transport Squadron
  • 622nd Transport Squadron
  • 62nd Air Transport Group

63rd Air Transport Wing

  • 631st Transport Squadron
  • 632nd Transport Squadron
  • 633rd Transport Squadron
Tactical Training Command, Italy Air Force Regiment “Frisia”
  • I Bataillon
  • II Bataillon
  • III Bataillon
  • IV Bataillon (Reserve)

A Flying Wing of the German Luftwaffe is usually structured in two Groups. The Flying Group consists of a HQ and Support Platoon, up to three Flying Squadrons, a Support Squadron and a geohysical element. The Technical Group consists of a HQ and Support Platoon, three technical Squadrons (repair, maintenance and weapons, electronic) and one supply and transport squadron. The Objektschutzkräfte (Force Protection Forces, German lit. ...


An Aerial Defence Group consists of a HQ Squadron, four Aerial Defence Squadrons and a support squadron.


Air Force Office

  • HQ Support Squadron
  • Surgeon General of the Air Force
  • Office for Air-Traffic Control of the Air Force
Air Force Training Command Weapon System Command of the Air Force Air Force Regional Command USA/ Canada
HQ Company HQ Company HQ Company
  • Officer's School of the Air Force
  • Non-Commissioned Officer's School of the Air Force
  • 1st Technical School of the Air Force
  • 3rd Technical School of the Air Force
  • Air Force Training Regiment
  • 1st Maintenance Regiment
    • 11th Maintenance Group
    • 12th Maintenance Group
    • 13th Maintenance Group
    • 14th Maintenance Group
    • 15th Maintenance Group
  • 2nd Maintenance Regiment
    • 21st Maintenance Group
    • 22nd Maintenance Group
    • 23rd Maintenance Group
    • 24th Maintenance Group
    • 25th Maintenance Group
  • Weapon System Support Command
  • Aviation Training Centre of the Air Force, Holloman AFB
  • Tactical and Retraining Centre for Ground-to-Air Warfare of the Air Force

Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... An officer is a member of a military, naval, or if applicable, other uniformed services who holds a position of responsibility. ... A non-commissioned officer (sometimes noncommissioned officer), also known as an NCO or Noncom, is an enlisted member of an armed force who has been given authority by a commissioned officer. ... Holloman AFB is an Air Force base located in Otero County, New Mexico. ...

Aircraft inventory

A Eurofighter in the 2-seat trainer version
A Eurofighter in the 2-seat trainer version
A Transall C-160
A Transall C-160
Luftwaffe Airbus A310 MRTT ready for refueling, shown at the Paris Air Show 2007
Luftwaffe Airbus A310 MRTT ready for refueling, shown at the Paris Air Show 2007
McDonnell-Douglas F-4 Phantom II
McDonnell-Douglas F-4 Phantom II
A310 VIP transport aircraft for the leaders of the German government
A310 VIP transport aircraft for the leaders of the German government
Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[6] Notes
Airbus A310 Flag of Europe European Union transport
tanker
A310-304
A310 MRTT
7
Airbus A319CJ Flag of Europe European Union VIP transport Airbus A319-114CJ 0 2 ordered
Airbus A340 Flag of Europe European Union VIP transport Airbus A340-300 0 2 ordered [7]
Airbus A400M Flag of Europe European Union transport/tanker Airbus A400M 0 60 on order
UH-1 Iroquois Flag of the United States United States utility helicopter UH-1D 73 built by Dornier
Bombardier Challenger 600 Flag of Canada Canada VIP transport CL-601 6
EuroHawk Flag of the United States United States
Flag of Germany Germany
SIGINT RQ-4B Block 20 0 5 on order; to be built by Northrop Grumman and equipped with an EADS reconnaissance payload
Global Express 5000 Flag of Canada Canada VIP transport Bombardier Global Express 5000 0 4 ordered
Cessna T-37 Tweet Flag of the United States United States trainer T-37B 47 flying under USAF roundel
Eurocopter Cougar Flag of France France
Flag of Germany Germany
transport helicopter AS 532U-2 3
Eurofighter Typhoon Flag of Germany Germany
Flag of Italy Italy
Flag of Spain Spain
Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
fighter EF-2000 37 another 143 under delivery
Grob G-120 Flag of Germany Germany trainer G-120 6 Civilian operated at Goodyear, Arizona (USA)
McDonnell-Douglas F-4 Phantom II Flag of the United States United States fighter F-4F 60 In service until 2012 (to be replaced by Eurofighter Typhoon)
NHI NH90 Flag of Europe European Union transport + CSAR NH90 TTH 0 42 on order (+12 options)
Northrop T-38 Talon Flag of the United States United States trainer T-38 46 flying under USAF roundel
Panavia Tornado Flag of Germany Germany
Flag of Italy Italy
Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
electronic warfare
attack/reconnaissance
Tornado ECR
Tornado IDS
34[8]
186[9]
Transall C-160 Flag of France France
Flag of Germany Germany
tactical transport C-160D 83

The Eurofighter Typhoon is a twin-engine multi-role canard-delta fighter aircraft, very similar to the US-German Rockwell-MBB X-31 prototype and designed and built by a consortium of European nations formed in 1983. ... The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine fighters, which was jointly developed by the United Kingdom, Germany and Italy. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 318 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 636 pixel, file size: 607 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Luftwaffe Transall C-160 Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 318 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 636 pixel, file size: 607 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Luftwaffe Transall C-160 Metadata This... The Transport Allianz Transall C-160 is a military transport aircraft developed by a consortium of French and German aircraft manufacturers for the air forces of those two nations and that of South Africa. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 800 pixel, file size: 81 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 800 pixel, file size: 81 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... While operated for some time as a pure transport aircraft the Airbus A310 is now being offered as the Multi Role Tanker Transport (MRTT) through the addition of an aerial refueling capability. ... A Mirage 2000-5 at the Paris Air Show The Paris Air Show (Salon International de lAéronautique et de lEspace, Paris-Le Bourget) is an international trade fair for the aerospace business. ... The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II[2] is a two-seat supersonic long-range all-weather fighter-bomber originally developed for the U.S. Navy by McDonnell Douglas. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Airbus A310 is a medium to long-range widebody airliner manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. It was Airbus second model to be introduced, and is a shortened derivative of the A300. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1326 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): RQ-4 Global Hawk EuroHawk Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1326 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): RQ-4 Global Hawk EuroHawk Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... EuroHawk mock-up at the ILA 2006 EuroHawk is an unmanned surveillance aircraft (UAV), currently under development for the Luftwaffe of Germany in a joint venture between Northrop Grumman and EADS of Germany. ... The Airbus A310 is a medium to long-range widebody airliner manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. It was Airbus second model to be introduced, and is a shortened derivative of the A300. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Airbus A320 is a short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Airbus. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For the road in England, see A340 road. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Airbus A400M is a four-engine turboprop aircraft, designed by Airbus Military to meet the demand of European nations for military airlift. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Airbus A400M is a four-engine turboprop aircraft, designed by Airbus Military to meet the demand of European nations for military airlift. ... This article is about the military versions of the Bell 204 and 205 models. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Bombardier Challenger 600 series is a family of business jets designed by Bill Lear and produced first by Canadair until that company was bought by Bombardier Aerospace in 1986. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Northrop Grumman (formerly Ryan Aeronautical) RQ-4 Global Hawk (known as Tier II+ during development) is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) used by the US Air Force as a surveillance aircraft. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The Bombardier BD-700 Global Express is an ultra long range corporate and VIP high speed jet which has also been modified for military missions. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... One of the most prominent of the trainer-attack type aircraft is the Cessna T-37/A-37, known in various forms as the Tweety Bird, Tweet, Dragonfly, or Super Tweet. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Seal of the Air Force. ... The modern proportion RAF roundel A roundel in heraldry is any circular shape; in military use it is an emblem of nationality employed on military aircraft and air force flags, generally round and consisting of concentric rings of different colors. ... AS 532 Cougar The Eurocopter Cougar is a twin-engined, medium-weight, multipurpose helicopter manufactured by Eurocopter. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... This article is about a fighter aircraft. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Grob G-120A is a two seated training and aerobatic low-wing aircraft with a corrosion-free carbon composite airframe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II[2] is a two-seat supersonic long-range all-weather fighter-bomber originally developed for the U.S. Navy by McDonnell Douglas. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The NHI NH90 is a medium sized, twin-engine, multi-role military helicopter manufactured by NHIndustries, a company established by Agusta, Eurocopter and Stork Fokker Aerospace. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Northrop T-38 Talon is a US-built supersonic jet trainer for military pilots. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The T-38 was a Soviet light amphibious tank that saw service in World War II. Developed in 1936 at the AMO vehicle works, the T-38 was a development of the earlier T-37. ... Seal of the Air Force. ... The modern proportion RAF roundel A roundel in heraldry is any circular shape; in military use it is an emblem of nationality employed on military aircraft and air force flags, generally round and consisting of concentric rings of different colors. ... The Panavia Tornado is a family of twin-engine fighters, which was jointly developed by the United Kingdom, Germany and Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Transport Allianz Transall C-160 is a military transport aircraft developed by a consortium of French and German aircraft manufacturers for the air forces of those two nations and that of South Africa. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ...

See also

The German Luftwaffe (air force) of World War II had a distinct organization and command structure. ... This list of military aircraft of Germany includes prototype, pre-production, and operational types. ... Messerschmitt Me 163 at the Luftwaffenmuseum in Berlin-Gatow Canadair Sabre at the Luftwaffenmuseum in Berlin-Gatow The Luftwaffenmuseum der Bundeswehr (German for Airforce Museum of the Bundeswehr), together with the Militärhistorische Museum der Bundeswehr, is one of the major military history museums in Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... MIG-21PFM with marking of the NVA Die Luftstreitkräfte der NVA, was the Air Force of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). ...

Select bibliography

Hundreds of books, magazines and articles have been written about the Luftwaffe. A select few are listed here.

  • Aders, Gebhard (1992), History of the German Night-Fighter Force, 1917-1945 (edited and translated by Alex Vanags-Baginskis), Crecy. ISBN 0-947554-21-1. (Originally published by Jane's in 1979.)
  • Amadio, Jill (2002), Günther Rall: A Memoir, Seven Locks Press. ISBN 0-9715533-0-0.
  • Galland, Adolf (2000 [1957]), The First and the Last, Buccaneer Books, Inc. ISBN 0-89966-728-7.
  • Green, William (1990), Warplanes of the Third Reich, Galahad. [Second edition, following from original work published in 1970.] ISBN 0-88365-666-3.
  • Held, Werner and Nauroth, Holger (1982), The Defence of the Reich: Hitler's Nightfighter Planes and Pilots (translated by David Roberts), London, Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 0-85368-414-6.
  • Mermet, Jean-Claude and Ehrengardt, Christian-Jacques (2002), Les Jets de la Luftwaffe: Aéro-Journal Hors-Série No.4, Aéro-Éditions International (French language edition only). ISSN 0336-1055 .
  • Orbis Publishing Limited, London (1974-77), Wings, a part-work encyclopedia of aviation in eight volumes, which included many articles about the battles during World War II in which the Luftwaffe took part, as well as biographies of some of its high-profile airmen.
  • Orbis Publishing Limited, London (1981-84) (second edition), World War II, a part-work encyclopedia in eight volumes about the 1939-1945 War.
  • Philpott, Bryan (1986), History of the German Air Force, Hamlyn. ISBN 0-600-50293-7.
  • Price, Alfred (2005), Battle Over The Reich: The Strategic Bomber Offensive Against Germany 1939-1945, Classic Publications. [Revised, second edition based on the previous work with the same title first published in 1973.] ISBN 1-903223-47-4.
  • Price, Alfred (2000), Blitz on Britain, 1939-1945, Sutton. [Revised edition of Blitz on Britain : the bomber attacks on the United Kingdom, 1939-1945, first published by Ian Allan in 1977]. ISBN 0-7110-0723-3 (1977 edition).
  • Sobolev, D. A. and Khazanov, D.B. (2001), The German Imprint on the History of Russian Aviation, Moscow, Rusavia (English edition). ISBN 5-900078-08-6.
  • Wood, Tony, and Gunston, Bill (1984), Hitler's Luftwaffe: A Pictorial History and Technical Encyclopedia of Hitler's Air Power in World War II, Book Sales (originally published by Salamander Books). ISBN 0-89009-758-5.

References

  1. ^ German Starfighter losses
  2. ^ "Historic day for Germany", BBC News, 1999-03-25. Retrieved on 2006-11-01. (English) 
  3. ^ "Germans takes over Baltic NATO mission", The Baltic Times, Baltic News Ltd., 2005-06-29. Retrieved on 2006-11-01. (English) 
  4. ^ Recce-Tornados nach Afghanistan
  5. ^ "Germany Announces Major Armed Forces Cuts", Air Forces Monthly, Key Publising, March 2004, pp. 8. Retrieved on 2006-10-19. 
  6. ^ "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.
  7. ^ Berliner Polit-Prominenz bekommt neue Luxus-Flugzeuge - DER SPIEGEL - SPIEGEL ONLINE - Nachrichten
  8. ^ German military aviation OrBat
  9. ^ German military aviation OrBat

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External links

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