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Encyclopedia > Ludwig Erhard
Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Ludwig Erhard
Ludwig Erhard

In office
October 16, 1963 – December 1, 1966
Preceded by Konrad Adenauer
Succeeded by Kurt Georg Kiesinger

Born February 4, 1897
Fürth, Germany
Died May 5, 1977, aged 80
Political party CDU

Ludwig Erhard (February 4, 1897May 5, 1977) was a German politician (CDU) and Chancellor of West Germany from 1963 until 1966. Image of Ludwig Erhard, 2nd Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The head of government of Germany is called Chancellor (German: Kanzler or Bundeskanzler meaning federal chancellor). ... October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years). ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... For other uses, see Konrad Adenauer (disambiguation). ... Kurt Georg Kiesinger (April 6, 1904–March 9, 1988) was a conservative German politician and Chancellor of West Germany from 1 December 1966 until 21 October 1969. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... South part of the city, seen from the Alte Veste (Zirndorf), 2004 The city of Fürth is located in northern Bavaria, Germany in the district of Middle Franconia. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (126th in leap years). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... The Christian Democratic Union (CDU - Christlich-Demokratische Union) is a political party in Germany. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (126th in leap years). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... The Christian Democratic Union (CDU - Christlich-Demokratische Union) is a political party in Germany. ... The head of government of Germany is called Chancellor (German: Kanzler or Bundeskanzler meaning federal chancellor). ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ...


Life and work

Born in Fürth, Germany, from 1913 to 1916 Erhard was a commercial apprentice. After his apprenticeship he worked as retail salesman in his father's draper's shop. South part of the city, seen from the Alte Veste (Zirndorf), 2004 The city of Fürth is located in northern Bavaria, Germany in the district of Middle Franconia. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ...


He joined the German forces during World War I 1916 as an artilleryman, fought in Romania and was seriously injured near Ypres in 1918. Erhard could no longer work as a draper and began to study economics, first in Nuremberg, later in Frankfurt am Main. He received his Dr. oec. from Franz Oppenheimer in 1925. Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nikolay II Aleksey Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert H. Asquith D. Lloyd George Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna... Artillery with Gabion fortification Cannons on display at Fort Point Continental Artillery crew from the American Revolution Firing of an 18-pound gun, Louis-Philippe Crepin, (1772 – 1851) A forge-welded Iron Cannon in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. ... Ypres municipality and district in the province West Flanders Ypres (French, pronounced generally used in English1) or Ieper (official name in Dutch, pronounced ) is a Belgian municipality located in the Flemish province of West Flanders. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Face-to-face trading interactions on the New York Stock Exchange trading floor. ... Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg, Polish: Norymberga) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. ... Frankfurt am Main [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is the largest city in the German state of Hessen and the fifth largest city of Germany. ... Franz Oppenheimer Franz Oppenheimer (born 30 March 1864 in Berlin; died 30 September 1943 in Los Angeles) was a German sociologist and political economist, who also in the area of the fundamental sociology of the state. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ...


During his time in Frankfurt he married Luise Schuster. After his graduation they moved to Fürth and he became executive in his parents' company in 1925. After three years he became assistant at the Institut für Wirtschaftsbeobachtung der deutschen Fertigware, a marketing research institute. Later, he became deputy director of the institute. 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... Research is the search for and retrieval of existing, discovery or creation of new information or knowledge for a specific purpose. ...


Due to his injuries, Erhard did not have to join the German military forces during World War II. Instead, he worked on concepts for a postwar peace; however, such studies were forbidden by the Nazis, who had declared Total war. As a result, Erhard lost his job in 1942 but continued to work on the subject privately. In 1944 he wrote War Finances and Debt Consolidation (orig: Kriegsfinanzierung und Schuldenkonsolidierung). In this study he assumed that Germany had already lost the war. He sent his thoughts to Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, a central figure in the German resistance against the Nazi government, who recommended Erhard to his comrades. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... Total war is a military conflict in which nations mobilize all available resources in order to destroy another nations ability to engage in war. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Carl Friedrich Goerdeler Carl Friedrich Goerdeler (July 31, 1884 – February 2, 1945) was a conservative German politician and opponent of the Nazi regime. ... Widerstand (German: resistance) is the name given to the resistance movements in Nazi Germany. ...


After the war Erhard became economic consultant for the American military administration of Bavaria who made him Minister of Economics in the Bavarian cabinet of Wilhelm Hoegner. After the American and British administration had created the Bizone, Erhard became chairman of the Sonderstelle Geld und Kredit in 1947, an expert commission preparing the currency reform. The geographic region and Free State of Bavaria (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Wilhelm Hoegner (SPD) was the second Bavarian prime minister after World War II (1945/46 and 1954–57) and father of the Bavarian constitution. ... Occupation zones of Germany after 1945 The Bizone was the combination of the American and the British occupation zones during the occupation of Germany after World War II. With the addition of the French occupation zone, the entity became the Trizone. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ...


In 1948 he was elected Director of Economics by the Bizonal Economic Council. On June 20, 1948, the Deutsche Mark was introduced. Erhard abolished the price-fixing and production controls that had been enacted by the military administration. This exceeded his authority, but he succeeded with this courageous step. 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... ISO 4217 Code DEM User(s) Germany, Montenegro, Kosovo ERM Since 13 March 1979 Fixed rate since 31 December 1998 Replaced by €, non cash 1 January 1999 Replaced by €, cash 1 January 2002 € = 1. ...


In 1949 he stood for election in a constituency in Baden-Württemberg for the first West German parliament after the war and gained a direct mandate. Later in the year he joined the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). In September, Erhard was appointed Minister of Economics in the first cabinet of Konrad Adenauer. His party made his concept of social market economy part of the party platform. 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... Baden-Württemberg is a federal state in southwestern Germany to the east of the Upper Rhine. ... This article needs cleanup. ... For other uses, see Konrad Adenauer (disambiguation). ... The Social market economy was the German and Austrian economic model during the Cold War era. ...


After the resignation of Adenauer in 1963, Erhard was elected Chancellor with 279 against 180 votes on October 16. In 1965 he was re-elected. 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... The head of government of Germany is called Chancellor (German: Kanzler or Bundeskanzler meaning federal chancellor). ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ...


On October 26, 1966, Minister Walter Scheel (FDP) resigned, protesting against the budget released the day before. The other ministers who were members of the FDP followed his example — the coalition was broken. On December 1, Erhard resigned. His successor was Kurt Georg Kiesinger (CDU), who led a grand coalition. 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Walter Scheel (born Solingen July 8, 1919) is a German politician. ... Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | German political parties | Liberal parties ... Kurt Georg Kiesinger (April 6, 1904–March 9, 1988) was a conservative German politician and Chancellor of West Germany from 1 December 1966 until 21 October 1969. ... A grand coalition is a coalition government in a parliamentary system where political parties representing a vast majority of the parliament unite in a coalition. ...


Erhard continued his political work by becoming a member of the West German parliament up to his death in Bonn on May 5, 1977. He is buried in Gmund, near the Tegernsee. The Ludwig Erhard-Berufsschule (professional college) in Paderborn and Münster are named in his honour. Bonn is the 19th largest city in Germany, located about 20 kilometres south of Cologne on the river Rhine in the Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (126th in leap years). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Gmünd is a city in Lower Austria, the main community in the District of Gmünd. ... Tegernsee is a lake and spa town in Bavaria, Germany. ... Paderborn is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, capital of the Paderborn district. ... For other places with the same or similar names, and other uses of the word, see Munster (disambiguation) Münster is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ...


Erhard's First Ministry (16 October 1963 - 26 October 1965)

  • Ludwig Erhard (CDU) - Chancellor
  • Erich Mende (FDP) - Vice Chancellor and Minister of All-German Affairs
  • Gerhard Schröder (CDU) - Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Kai-Uwe von Hassel (CDU) - Minister of Defense
  • Hermann Höcherl (CSU) - Minister of the Interior
  • Rolf Dahlgrün (FDP) - Minister of Finance
  • Ewald Bucher (FDP) - Minister of Justice
  • Kurt Schmücker (CDU) - Minister of Economics
  • Theodor Blank (CDU) - Minister of Labour and Social Affairs
  • Werner Schwarz (CDU) - Minister of Food, Agriculture, and Forestry
  • Hans-Christoph Seebohm (CDU) - Minister of Transport
  • Paul Lücke (CDU) - Minister of Construction
  • Bruno Heck (CDU) - Minister of Family and Youth
  • Elisabeth Schwarzhaupt (CDU) - Minister of Health
  • Hans Lenz (FDP) - Minister of Scientific Research
  • Walter Scheel (FDP) - Minister of Economic Cooperation
  • Heinrich Krone (CDU) - Minister of Special Tasks
  • Richard Stücklen (CSU) - Minister of Posts and Communications
  • Ernst Lemmer (CDU) - Minister of Displaced Persons, Refugees, and War Victims
  • Alois Niederalt (CSU) - Minister of Bundesrat and State Affairs
  • Werner Dollinger (CSU) - Minister of Federal Treasure

Changes October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years). ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... This article needs cleanup. ... Erich Mende (October 28, 1926 in Groß Strehlitz – May 6, 1998 in Bonn) was a German politician of FDP and CDU. He was the leader of FDP 1960 - 1968. ... Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | German political parties | Liberal parties ... Gerhard Schröder (September 11, 1910 - December 31, 1989) was a West German politician and member of the Christian Democratic Union (Germany) party. ... Kai-Uwe von Hassel (b. ... Hermann Höcherl (March 31, 1912–May 18, 1989) was a German politician of the Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU). ... The Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU – ) is a conservative political party in Germany. ... Rolf Dahlgrün (19 May 1908, Hannover – 19 December 1969, Hamburg-Harburg) was a German politician for the FDP. From 1962 to 1966 he was Minister of Finance. ... Ewald Bucher (born 19 July 1914 in Rottenburg/Neckar; died 4 November 1991 in Mutlangen) was a former German Politician of the FDP. He received a juris doctorate from the University of Munich in 1941 and served then as a soldier in World War II from 1941 to 1944. ... Theodor Blank (born September 19, 1905 in Elz an der Lahn; died May 14, 1972 in Bonn) was a German politician of the CDU. He was one of the founders of the CDU in 1945, when World War II had ended. ... Hans-Christoph Seebohm (b. ... Walter Scheel (born Solingen July 8, 1919) is a German politician. ... Heinrich Krone (born December 1, 1895 in Hessisch Oldendorf, d. ... Richard Stücklen (20 August 1916 - 2 May 2002) was a German politician of the CSU. From 1957 to 1966, he served as Federal Minister for Post and Communication and from 1979 to 1983 as President of the Bundestag, of which he was a member for over 40 years. ...

June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Karl Jakob Weber (12 August 1712 — 1764) was a Swiss architect and engineer who was in charge of the first organized excavations at Herculaneum, Pompeii and Stabiae, under the patronage of Carlo III of Naples. ...

Erhard's Second Ministry (26 October 1965 - 1 December 1966)

  • Ludwig Erhard (CDU) - Chancellor
  • Erich Mende (FDP) - Vice Chancellor and Minister of All-German Affairs
  • Gerhard Schröder (CDU) - Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Kai-Uwe von Hassel (CDU) - Minister of Defense
  • Paul Lücke (CDU) - Minister of the Interior
  • Rolf Dahlgrün (FDP) - Minister of Finance
  • Richard Jaeger (CSU) - Minister of Justice
  • Kurt Schmücker (CDU) - Minister of Economics
  • Hans Katzer (CDU) - Minister of Labour and Social Affairs
  • Hermann Höcherl (CSU) - Minister of Food, Agriculture, and Forestry
  • Hans-Christoph Seebohm (CDU) - Minister of Transport
  • Ewald Bucher (FDP) - Minister of Construction
  • Bruno Heck (CDU) - Minister of Family and Youth
  • Elisabeth Schwarzhaupt (CDU) - Minister of Health
  • Gerhard Stoltenberg (CDU) - Minister of Scientific Research
  • Walter Scheel (FDP) - Minister of Economic Cooperation
  • Richard Stücklen (CSU) - Minister of Posts and Communications
  • Johann Baptist Gradl (CDU) - Minister of Displaced Persons, Refugees, and War Victims
  • Alois Niederalt (CSU) - Minister of Bundesrat and State Affairs
  • Werner Dollinger (CSU) - Minister of Federal Treasure

Changes October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Erich Mende (October 28, 1926 in Groß Strehlitz – May 6, 1998 in Bonn) was a German politician of FDP and CDU. He was the leader of FDP 1960 - 1968. ... Gerhard Schröder (September 11, 1910 - December 31, 1989) was a West German politician and member of the Christian Democratic Union (Germany) party. ... Kai-Uwe von Hassel (b. ... Rolf Dahlgrün (19 May 1908, Hannover – 19 December 1969, Hamburg-Harburg) was a German politician for the FDP. From 1962 to 1966 he was Minister of Finance. ... Richard Jaeger (born 16 February 1913 in Berlin; died 15 May 1998 in Munich) was a German politician of the Christian Social Union of Bavaria. ... Hermann Höcherl (March 31, 1912–May 18, 1989) was a German politician of the Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU). ... Hans-Christoph Seebohm (b. ... Ewald Bucher (born 19 July 1914 in Rottenburg/Neckar; died 4 November 1991 in Mutlangen) was a former German Politician of the FDP. He received a juris doctorate from the University of Munich in 1941 and served then as a soldier in World War II from 1941 to 1944. ... Gerhard Stoltenberg (September 29, 1928 - November 23, 2001) was a German politician (CDU) and minister in the cabinets of Ludwig Erhard, Kurt Georg Kiesinger and Helmut Kohl. ... Walter Scheel (born Solingen July 8, 1919) is a German politician. ... Richard Stücklen (20 August 1916 - 2 May 2002) was a German politician of the CSU. From 1957 to 1966, he served as Federal Minister for Post and Communication and from 1979 to 1983 as President of the Bundestag, of which he was a member for over 40 years. ...

  • 28 October 1966 - Hans-Christoph Seebohm (CDU) succeeds Mende as Vice Chancellor, remaining also Minister of Transport. Rainer Barzel (CDU) succeeds Mende as Minister of All-German Affairs. The other FDP ministers, Dahlgrün and Scheel, also resign.
  • 8 November 1966 - Kurt Schmücker succeeds Dahlgrün as Minister of Finance. Werner Dollinger (CSU) succeeds Scheel as Minister of Economic Cooperation, remaining also Minister of Federal Treasure.
Political offices
Preceded by
Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of Germany
1963–1966
Succeeded by
Kurt Georg Kiesinger
Persondata
NAME Erhard, Ludwig
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Chancellor of West Germany from 1963 until 1966
DATE OF BIRTH February 4, 1897
PLACE OF BIRTH Fürth, Germany
DATE OF DEATH May 5, 1977, aged 80
PLACE OF DEATH Bonn

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ludwig Erhard Summary (2210 words)
Ludwig Erhard was born in the northern Bavarian city of Fürth on Feb. 4, 1897.
Erhard's economic views were summarized in his advocacy of a "social market economy," which one author has called a "free economy with a social conscience." Erhard wished to use private initiative to rebuild the shattered German economy but to check it when it tended toward monopoly, cartelization, or extreme labor union demands.
Ludwig Erhard (February 4, 1897–May 5, 1977) was a German politician (CDU) and Chancellor of West Germany from 1963 until 1966.
Ludwig Erhard - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (917 words)
Ludwig Erhard (February 4, 1897–May 5, 1977) was a German politician (CDU) and Chancellor of Germany from 1963 until 1966.
Born in Fürth, Germany, from 1913 to 1916 Erhard was a commercial apprentice.
The Ludwig Erhard Berufsschule (professional college) in Paderborn and Münster are named in his honour.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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