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Encyclopedia > Ludovico Sforza
Ludovico Sforza in a portrait by Giovanni Ambrogio de Predis.
Ludovico Sforza in a portrait by Giovanni Ambrogio de Predis.

Ludovico Sforza (Ludovico il Moro, "The Moor") (July 27, 1452May 27, 1508), a member of the Sforza dynasty of Milan, Italy, was the second son of Francesco Sforza, and was famed as patron of Leonardo da Vinci and other artists. It is said that he was called il Moro because of his dark skinned complexion. Image File history File links LudovicoSforza_dePredis. ... Image File history File links LudovicoSforza_dePredis. ... July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... Events October - English troops under John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, land in Guyenne, France, and retake most of the province without a fight. ... May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... 1508 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sforza was a ruling family of Renaissance Italy, based in Milan. ... Country Italy Region Lombardy Province Milan (MI) Mayor Letizia Moratti Elevation 120 m Area 182 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 1,308,311  - Density 6,988/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Milanesi Dialing code 02 Postal code 20100 Patron St. ... Portrait of Francesco Sforza, ca 1460, by Bonifazio Bembo: Sforza insisted on being shown in his worn dirty old campaigning hat. ... Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519) was a talented Italian Renaissance Roman Catholic[1] polymath: architect, anatomist, sculptor, engineer, inventor, geometer, scientist, mathematician, musician, and painter. ... Complexion describes ones physical appearance. ...


Biography

Ludovico Sforza was born at Vigevano, in what is now Lombardy. Vigevano is an ancient town in the province of Pavia, Lombardy, northern Italy, which possesses many artistic treasures and runs a huge industrial business. ... Lombardy (Italian: Lombardia) is a region in northern Italy between the Alps and the Po river valley. ...


On the assassination of Ludovico's elder brother Galeazzo in 1476, the crown passed to his seven-year-old nephew Gian Galeazzo Sforza. Ludovico seized control of the government of Milan during Gian Galeazzo's minority despite attempts to keep him out of power. Galeazzo Maria Sforza (January 24, 1444 – December 26, 1476) was Duke of Milan. ... Events March 2 - Battle of Grandson. ... Gian Galeazzo Sforza (June 20, 1469 - October 21, 1494), the third duke of Milan of the Sforza family, was only 7 years old when he became the duke in 1476, after the assassination of his father, Galeazzo Maria Sforza. ...


When Gian Galeazzo died in 1494, Ludovico received the ducal crown from the Milanese nobles on October 22. The same year he simultaneously encouraged the French under Charles VIII of France, and the Holy Roman Emperor, Maximilian I, to become involved in Italian politics, hoping to control the two and reap the rewards himself—so starting the Italian Wars. 1494 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... Charles VIII the Affable (French: Charles VIII lAffable) (June 30, 1470 – April 7, 1498) was King of France from 1483 to his death. ... The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ... Portrait by Albrecht Dürer, 1519 (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna). ... The Italian Wars, sometimes known as the Great Italian Wars, were a series of conflicts from 1494 to 1559 that involved, at various times, all the major states of western Europe (France, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, England, Scotland, the Republic of Venice, the Papal States, and most of the...


Things did not go as planned, and finding his own position endangered by the French, he joined the league against Charles VIII, giving his niece Bianca in marriage to Maximilian I and receiving in return imperial investiture of the duchy. Bianca Maria Sforza (Milan, April 5, 1472 – December 31, 1510 in Innsbruck) was the daughter of Duke Galeazzo Maria Sforza of Milan. ... Portrait by Albrecht Dürer, 1519 (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna). ...


After first defeating the French at the Battle of Fornovo in 1495 (making weapons from 70 tons of Bronze, originally set aside for a Leonardo da Vinci statue), Lodovico was later driven from Milan by the new French king, Louis XII in 1499. The Battle of Fornovo took place in July 1495 during the Italian Wars. ... 1495 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519) was a talented Italian Renaissance Roman Catholic[1] polymath: architect, anatomist, sculptor, engineer, inventor, geometer, scientist, mathematician, musician, and painter. ... Louis XII the Father of the People (French: Louis XII le Père du Peuple) (June 27, 1462 – January 1, 1515) was King of France 1498 – January 1, 1515. ... 1499 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1500 Louis XII lay siege to the city of Novara where Ludovico was based. The armies of both sides included Swiss mercenaries, fighters who had been virtually undefeated in battle for over two centuries. The Swiss did not cherish the idea of fighting each other so decided to leave Novara. 1500 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Novara is a city of northwest Italy, to the west of Milan. ...


Ludovico was handed over to the French (April 1500) and died a prisoner in the castle of Loches. The Swiss later executed a soldier from Uri called Hans Turmann who had, they claimed, betrayed Ludovico for money. Uri is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ...


The Swiss later restored the duchy of Milan to Ludovico's son, Maximilian Sforza. Maximilian Sforza was Duke of Milan between the occupations of Louis XII of France in 1500?, and Francis I of France in 1515. ...


References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
Preceded by:
Gian Galeazzo Sforza
Duke of Milan
1494–1499
Succeeded by:
-

Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... Gian Galeazzo Sforza (June 20, 1469 - October 21, 1494), the third duke of Milan of the Sforza family, was only 7 years old when he became the duke in 1476, after the assassination of his father, Galeazzo Maria Sforza. ... The following is a list of rulers of Milan from the 13th century to 1859. ...

External links

  • Portrait and family tree

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ludovico Sforza - Encyclopedia.com (1121 words)
In 1480 he deprived his sister-in-law, Bona of Savoy, of the regency for her infant son, Gian Galeazzo Sforza (see Sforza, family), and from that date his actual rule may be reckoned.
Partly in order to divert French ambitions from Milan, partly in order to protect himself from the hostility of the king of Naples, Ludovico concluded an offensive alliance with Charles VIII of France, whose invasion (1494) of Italy was the beginning of the Italian Wars.
Ludovico's attempt, with the aid of Swiss mercenaries, to recover his lands was defeated at Novara (1500); he was captured and died a prisoner in France.
Ludovico Sforza Summary (1027 words)
Lodovico Sforza, born on July 27, 1452, was the fourth son of Francesco I Sforza and, as such, was not expected to become ruler of Milan.
Ludovico Sforza in a portrait by Giovanni Ambrogio de Predis.
Ludovico Sforza (Ludovico il Moro, "The Moor") (July 27, 1452 – May 27, 1508), a member of the Sforza dynasty of Milan, Italy, was the second son of Francesco Sforza, and was famed as patron of Leonardo da Vinci and other artists.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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