FACTOID # 22: South Dakota has the highest employment ratio in America, but the lowest median earnings of full-time male employees.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Lucrezia Borgia
This article is about the historical person. For the biographical opera, see Lucrezia Borgia (opera). Lucrezia Borgia is also the name Buffalo Bill gave to his gun.
Portrait of a Woman by Bartolomeo Veneziano, traditionally assumed to be Lucrezia Borgia.
Tomb of Alfonso I d'Este and Lucrezia Borgia, Ferrara.
Tomb of Alfonso I d'Este and Lucrezia Borgia, Ferrara.

Lucrezia Borgia (April 18, 1480 - June 24, 1519) was the daughter of Rodrigo Borgia, the powerful Renaissance Valencian who later became Pope Alexander VI, and Vannozza dei Cattanei. Her brothers included Cesare Borgia, Giovanni Borgia, and Gioffre Borgia.[1] Lucrezia Borgia is an Italian opera by Gaetano Donizetti. ... For other uses, see Buffalo Bill (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (803x1014, 122 KB) Bartolomeo Veneziano, Portrait of a woman, could be Lucrezia Borgia Source: http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (803x1014, 122 KB) Bartolomeo Veneziano, Portrait of a woman, could be Lucrezia Borgia Source: http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1920x2560, 1200 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lucrezia Borgia Alfonso I dEste Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1920x2560, 1200 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lucrezia Borgia Alfonso I dEste Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Portrait of Alfonso dEste by an unknown artist Alfonso dEste (1486–1534) was Duke of Ferrara during the War of the League of Cambrai. ... Ferrara is a city in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, capital city of the province of Ferrara. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 6 - Treaty of Toledo - Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain recognize African conquests of Afonso of Portugal and he cedes the Canary Islands to Spain Great standing on the Ugra river - Muscovy becomes independent from the Golden Horde. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ... Pope Alexander VI (1 January 1431 – 18 August 1503), born Roderic Borja (Italian: Borgia), (reigned from 1492 to 1503), is the most controversial of the secular popes of the Renaissance and one whose surname became a byword for the debased standards of the papacy of that era. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... Pope Alexander VI (1 January 1431 – 18 August 1503), born Roderic Borja (Italian: Borgia), (reigned from 1492 to 1503), is the most controversial of the secular popes of the Renaissance and one whose surname became a byword for the debased standards of the papacy of that era. ... Vannozza (Giovanna) dei Cattanei (1442 – November 24, 1518) was one of the many mistresses of the Pope Alexander VI, whose relationship lasted the longest. ... Cesare Borgia. ... Giovanni Borgia, 2nd Duke of Gandia Giovanni Borgia, 2nd Duke of Gandia (born Rome 1474- murdered Rome June 14, 1497) was the brother of the famous Cesare Borgia. ... Gioffre Borgia in Italian, or Jofré Borja in Catalan, (1482 - 1522) Prince of Squillace, was the youngest son of Pope Alexander VI, and Vannozza dei Cattanei, sibling to Lucrezia Borgia, Cesare Borgia and Giovanni Borgia, and half-brother to Isabella, Pier Luigi (Pedro Luis) and Girolamo, children of unknown mothers...


Lucrezia's family later came to epitomize the ruthless Machiavellian politics and sexual corruption alleged to be characteristic of the Renaissance Papacy. In this story Lucrezia was cast as a femme fatale, a role she has been portrayed in many artworks, novels and films. Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (May 3, 1469 – June 21, 1527) was an Italian political philosopher, musician, poet, and romantic comedic playwright. ... Convicted spy Mata Hari made her name synonymous with femme fatale during WWI. A femme fatale (plural: femmes fatales) is an alluring and seductive woman whose charms ensnare her lovers in bonds of irresistible desire, often leading them into compromising, dangerous, and deadly situations. ...


No authentic portrait of Lucrezia is known, though several paintings, such as Bartolomeo Veneziano's fanciful portrait (see illustration) have been said to depict her.


Not enough is known about the historical Lucrezia to be certain that the stories about her active involvement in her father's and brother's crimes are true. Her father and/or brother certainly arranged several marriages for her, to important or powerful men, in order to advance their own political ambitions. Lucrezia was married to Giovanni Sforza (Lord of Pesaro), Alfonso of Aragon, Duke of Bisceglie, and Alfonso d'Este (Prince of Ferrara). Tradition has it that Alfonso of Aragon was an illegitimate son of the King of Naples and that Cesare may have had him murdered after his political value waned. Giovanni Sforza dAragona, Conte de Cotognola, Principe di Pesaro (c. ... Alfonso maried Lucrezia Borgia, the daugther of pope Alexander VI and sister of Cesar Borgia on June 29th 1498. ... Bisceglie is a town on the Adriatic Sea, with a population of 51. ... Portrait of Alfonso dEste by an unknown artist Alfonso dEste (1486–1534) was Duke of Ferrara during the War of the League of Cambrai. ... Ferrara is a city in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, capital city of the province of Ferrara. ...

Contents

Marriages

First marriage: Giovanni Sforza

By the time she was thirteen, she had been betrothed twice, but both times her father had called off the engagements. Betrothal is a formal state of engagement to be married. ...


After Rodrigo became Pope Alexander VI, he had Lucrezia marry Giovanni Sforza to establish an alliance with that powerful Milanese family. The wedding was a scandalous event but was not much more extravagant than many other Renaissance celebrations. Pope Alexander VI (1 January 1431 – 18 August 1503), born Roderic Borja (Italian: Borgia), (reigned from 1492 to 1503), is the most controversial of the secular popes of the Renaissance and one whose surname became a byword for the debased standards of the papacy of that era. ... Giovanni Sforza dAragona, Conte de Cotognola, Principe di Pesaro (c. ... Type Anti-tank Nationality Joint France/Germany Era Cold War, modern Launch platform Individual, Vehicle Target Vehicle, Fortification History Builder MBDA, Bharat Dynamics (under license) Date of design 70s Production period since 1972 Service duration since 1972 Operators 41 countries Variants MILAN 1, MILAN 2, MILAN 2T, MILAN 3, MILAN... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ...


Before long, the Borgia family no longer needed the Sforzas, and the presence of Giovanni Sforza in the papal court was superfluous. The Pope needed new, more advantageous political alliances, so he may have covertly ordered the execution of Giovanni. The generally accepted version is that Lucrezia was informed of this by her brother Cesare, and she warned her husband who then fled Rome. Possibly Pope Alexander never made such an order, and it was a plot on the part of Cesare and Lucrezia to drive her boring husband away. Whichever way it was, Alexander and Cesare were pleased with the chance of arranging another advantageous marriage for Lucrezia. But before that could occur, they needed to get rid of Giovanni Sforza. Sforza was a ruling family of Renaissance Italy, based in Milan. ... Cesare Borgia. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Marriage à-la-mode by William Hogarth: a satire on arranged marriages and prediction of ensuing disaster The purpose of an arranged marriage is to form a new family unit by marriage while respecting the chastity of all people involved. ...


Alexander asked Giovanni's uncle, Cardinal Ascanio Sforza, to persuade Giovanni to agree to a divorce. Giovanni refused and accused Lucrezia of paternal and fraternal incest. Since the marriage had supposedly not been consummated, the Pope said that the marriage was not valid, and he offered Giovanni all of Lucrezia's dowry to agree. The Sforza family threatened to withdraw their protection of Giovanni if he refused Alexander's offer. Having no choice, Giovanni Sforza signed both a confession of impotence and the documents of annulment before witnesses. Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Incest is defined as sexual intercourse between closely related persons. ... As a verb, consummate means to bring something to its completion, such as a transaction, concept, plan or action. ... A dowry (also known as trousseau) is a gift of money or valuables given by the family of the bride to the family of the groom at the time of their marriage. ... Impotence or, more clinically, erectile dysfunction is the inability to develop or maintain an erection of the penis for satisfactory sexual intercourse regardless of the capability of ejaculation. ... Annulment is a legal procedure for declaring a marriage null and void. ...


Affair with Perotto

There has been speculation that during the prolonged process of the annulment, Lucrezia consummated a relationship with someone, probably Alexander's messenger Perotto. The result was that she was actually pregnant when her marriage was annulled for not having been consummated, and this is one of the facts her detractors have cited to support their derogatory view of her character. The child, named Giovanni but known to historians as the Roman Infante, was born in secret (1498) before Lucrezia's marriage to Alfonso of Aragon. Giovanni Borgia (March 1498 – 1548), the infans Romanus (the child of Rome), was probably the love-child of Lucrezia Borgia and Pedro Calderon. ... Alfonso maried Lucrezia Borgia, the daugther of pope Alexander VI and sister of Cesar Borgia on June 29th 1498. ...


Some believe the child was her brother Cesare's, but that Perotto, due to his fondness for Lucrezia, claimed that it was his. During her pregnancy she stayed away from Rome at a convent, so no one would know of her state, and Perotto would bring her messages from her father in Rome. According to this theory, Lucrezia was worried that if news of her pregnancy reached the citizens of Rome, they would surely know it was Cesare's child. Cesare at the time was a cardinal of the Holy Church; if he had been sharing an illicit sexual relationship with his sister during her marriage to Giovanni, it would have to be concealed from everyone, especially their father the Pope. For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ...


In 1501, two papal bulls were issued concerning the child, Giovanni Borgia. In the first, he was recognized as Cesare's child from an affair before his marriage. The second bull recognized him as the son of Alexander VI. Lucrezia's name is not mentioned in either, and rumours that she was his mother have never been proven. The second bull was kept a secret for many years, and Giovanni was presumed to be Cesare's son. This is supported by the fact that in 1502, he became Duke of Camerino, one of Cesare's recent conquests, hence the natural inheritance of the Duke of Romagna's oldest son. However, some time after Alexander's death, Giovanni went to stay with Lucrezia in Ferrara, where he was accepted as her half-brother. A Papal bull is a particular type of patent or charter issued by a pope. ... Camerino is small town of 7 000 in Marche, Italy and lies on the Apennines between Marche and Umbria, between the valleys of the rivers Potenza and Chienti. ... Emilia-Romagna is an administrative region of Northern Italy comprising the two historic regions of Emilia and Romagna. ...


Second marriage: Alfonso of Aragon (Duke of Bisceglie)

Though at his first meeting with Alfonso, before the marriage took place, Cesare was very impressed by his good looks and nature, this soon changed to jealousy and hatred. It was said that Cesare did not like Alfonso because Lucrezia was very happy with him and had, since her marriage to him, stopped giving Cesare as much attention. Also, Cesare himself had a bout of syphilis and many scars remained on his face, even after recovery. This made him very conscious of his appearance, and so he started wearing masks and dressing in black. His own condition is said to have made him hate Alfonso of Aragon all the more, and once when the prince was paying them a visit in Rome, Cesare's men had attacked him during the night. To retaliate, Alfonso's men shot arrows at Cesare one day while he strolled in the garden. This infuriated Cesare, and he had his servant(s) strangle Alfonso while in the recovery room. Lucrezia and Alfonso had only one child, Rodrigo, who was destined to die before his mother in August 1512 at the age of thirteen. Syphilis is a curable sexually transmitted disease caused by the Treponema pallidum spirochete. ... Alfonso maried Lucrezia Borgia, the daugther of pope Alexander VI and sister of Cesar Borgia on June 29th 1498. ...


While the reason for Alfonso's murder might have also been jealousy, it did have a political background. Just like Lucrezia's first marriage, the second one soon became a useless alliance and a reason for embarrassment for the Pope and his son. Cesare had just allied himself with the king of France Louis XII, who claimed the duchy of Naples, which was in the hands of Alfonso's family at the time. Whatever the reasons for his murder, Lucrezia was genuinely fond of her husband and broken–hearted upon his death. Louis XII Louis XII the Father of the People (French: Louis XII le Père du Peuple) (June 27, 1462 - January 1, 1515) was King of France from 1498-January 1, 1515. ...


Third marriage: Alfonso d'Este (Prince of Ferrara)

After the death of her second husband, Lucrezia's father, Pope Alexander VI, wanted to arrange a third marriage. She was then married to her third husband, Alfonso d'Este (Prince of Ferrara). She gave her third husband a number of children and proved to be a respectable and accomplished Renaissance duchess, effectively rising above her questionable past and surviving the fall of the Borgias following her father's death. During her marriage to Alfonso she embarked on a love affair with the poet Pietro Bembo. For Tolkiens fictional character, see Estë To know more about the city, see Este (city) The House of Este is a European princely dynasty. ... Pietro Bembo (May 20, 1470 - 18 January 1547), Italian cardinal and scholar. ...


Lucrezia Borgia died in Ferrara on 24 June 1519 from complications after giving birth to her eighth child. She was buried in the convent of Corpus Domini.[2] is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ...


Issue

Lucrezia was mother to either seven or eight children:

Giovanni Borgia (March 1498 – 1548), the infans Romanus (the child of Rome), was probably the love-child of Lucrezia Borgia and Pedro Calderon. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... 1498 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Mary I of Scotland sent to France Births September 2 - Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (died 1616) September 29 - William V, Duke of Bavaria (died 1626) Francesco Andreini, Italian actor (died 1624) Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher, astronomer, and occultist (burned at the stake) 1600 (died 1600) Honda Tadakatsu, Japanese general... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1499 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1512 (MDXII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Ercole II dEste (April 5, 1508 - October 3, 1559) was Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio from 1534 to 1559. ... List of the Lords and Dukes of Ferrara and Modena In 1452 the Italian family of Este, Lords of Ferrara, were created Dukes of Modena and Reggio, becoming Dukes of Ferrara also in 1471. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1508 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Ippolito (II) dEste (1509 - December 2, 1572) was an Italian cardinal. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1509 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Milan is a particular church of the Roman Catholic Church in Italy. ... For other uses, see Cardinal (disambiguation). ... 1514 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events March - With the death of Ferdinand II of Aragon, his grandson Charles of Ghent becomes King of Spain as Carlos I. July - Selim I of the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Mameluks and invades Syria. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1515 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1575 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... For other uses, see Nun (disambiguation). ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events March - With the death of Ferdinand II of Aragon, his grandson Charles of Ghent becomes King of Spain as Carlos I. July - Selim I of the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Mameluks and invades Syria. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 31 - Battle of Gemblours - Spanish forces under Don John of Austria and Alexander Farnese defeat the Dutch. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ...

Rumors

Several rumors have persisted throughout the years, primarily speculating as to the nature of the extravagant parties thrown by the Borgia family. Many of these concern allegations of incest, poisoning, and murder on her part; however, no historical basis for these rumors have ever been brought forward, beyond allegations made by the rivals of the Borgias. Incest is defined as sexual intercourse between closely related persons. ...

  • It is rumored that Lucrezia was in possession of a hollow ring that she used frequently to poison drinks. [1] [2] [3]
  • An early 20th-century painting by Cadogan Cowper that hangs in the London art gallery Tate Britain portrays Lucrezia taking the place of her father, Alexander VI at an official Vatican meeting. This apparently documents an actual event, although the precise moment depicted, (a Franciscan friar kissing Lucrezia's feet), was invented by the artist.[4]
  • During the Renaissance, social climbers would commonly boast "I'm dining with the Borgias tonight." A smaller number would boast "I dined with the Borgias last night." Lucrezia was said to employ a chef and a poisoner (two separate people) full time to take care of her guests.

For other uses, see Poison (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Survey of the twentieth century, The 20th century in review be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Tate Britain is a part of the Tate gallery network in Britain, along with Tate Modern, Tate Liverpool and Tate St Ives. ... Alexander VI, né Rodrigo Borgia (January 1, 1431 - August 18, 1503) pope (1492-1503), is the most memorable of the secular popes of the Renaissance. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ...

Biographies

  • Lucrezia Borgia - Life, Love And Death In Renaissance Italy by Sarah Bradford; Viking 2004 ISBN 0-670-03353-7
  • Lucrezia Borgia: A Biography (©1978) by Rachel Erlanger (ISBN 0-8015-4725-3)
  • External link to on-line biography
  • The Borgias (1971) by Michael Mallett

poster for 1949 movie bride of vengeance File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Plays, operas, films, and novels

Plays and operas

Victor-Marie Hugo (IPA: (26 February 1802 — 22 May 1885) was a French poet, playwright, novelist, essayist, visual artist, statesman, human rights campaigner, and perhaps the most influential exponent of the Romantic movement in France. ... Felice Romani (1788 - 1865) was an Italian poet and scholar of literature and mythology who wrote many librettos for the opera composers Donizetti and Bellini. ... Gaetano Donizetti Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (29 November 1797 – 8 April 1848) was a famous Italian opera composer. ... Lucrezia Borgia is an Italian opera by Gaetano Donizetti. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, by night. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1843 (MDCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... George Roger Waters (born September 6, 1943) is an English rock musician; singer, guitarist, bassist, songwriter, and composer. ... Leaving Beirut is a song by Roger Waters. ... For the Scottish artist and singer see Momus (artist) Momus or Momos (μῶμος), in Greek mythology the god of satire, mockery, writers, poets, a spirit of evil-spirited blame and unfair criticism. ... This article is about the historical person. ... The album The Little Red Songbook (Le Grand Magistery 61665-60006). ... The Winnipeg Fringe Theatre Festival is an annual alternative theater festival held in Winnipeg, Manitoba. ...

Films

  • Lucrezia Borgia (1922) a silent movie with Liane Haid, directed by Richard Oswald.
  • Don Juan (1926), one of the first Vitaphone/Silent films starring John Barrymore features the Borgia as villains.
  • Lucrèce Borgia (1935), a French film version with Edwige Feuillère, directed by Abel Gance.
  • Lucrezia Borgia (1940), an Italian film with Isa Pola, directed by Hans Hinrich.
  • Bride of Vengeance or A Mask for Lucretia (1949) starred Paulette Goddard as Lucretia (and Macdonald Carey as Cesare) in a fictionalized portrayal of her as her brother's tool who went straight once she had the chance, a view many historians endorse.
  • Lucrèce Borgia (1953), a French movie with Martine Carol, directed by Christian-Jaque.
  • The Shaggy Dog (1958), a Walt Disney film features a ring that was owned by Lucretia Borgia that has the power to turn men into dogs when its inscription is read aloud.
  • Le Notti segrete di Lucrezia Borgia (1982), a Spanish-Italian film with Finnish actress Sirpa Lane as Lucrezia, directed by Roberto Bianchi Montero.
  • Los Borgia (2006), a Spanish-Italian film with María Valverde as Lucrezia.
  • At different times both Scarlett Johansson and Christina Ricci have been slated to appear as Lucrezia in the as-yet-unmade film Borgia.

This article is about the comedy film. ... Haid as Lucrezia Borgia Liane Haid (August 16, 1895 – November 28, 2000) was an Austrian actress who has often been referred to as Austrias first movie star. ... Richard Oswald (real name: ; born November 5, 1880 in Vienna; died September 11, 1963 in Düsseldorf) was an Austrian film director and screenwriter. ... Don Juan is a 1926s Warner Bros silent film, directed by Alan Crosland. ... The Warner Brothers Vitaphone logo. ... This article is about John Barrymore, Sr. ... Edwige Feuillère (29 October 1907 – 13 November 1998) was a French film actress. ... Abel Gance (October 25, 1889 - November 10, 1981) was a world-renowned French film director, producer, writer, actor and editor. ... Paulette Goddard (June 3, 1910 – April 23, 1990),[1] an Oscar-nominated American film and theatre actress. ... Macdonald Carey (born Edward Macdonald Carey, March 15, 1913 – March 21, 1994) was an American actor best known for his role as the patriarch Dr. Tom Horton on NBCs soap opera Days of our Lives. ... Martine Carol Martine Carol (May 16, 1920 – February 6, 1967) was a French film actress. ... Christian-Jaque (Christian Maudet) (September 4, 1904, Paris – July 8, 1994, Boulogne-Billancourt) was a noted French filmmaker. ... The Shaggy Dog is the title of two films, The Shaggy Dog (1959 film) The Shaggy Dog (1994 film) The Shaggy Dog (2006 film). ... Disney redirects here. ... María Valverde (March 24, 1987, Madrid) is a Spanish actress. ... Scarlett Johansson (born November 22, 1984) is an American actress. ... Christina Ricci (born February 12, 1980) is a [[Golden Globe and Emmy Award-nominated American actress. ...

Novels

  • The historical novel, Prince of Foxes, made into a movie of the same name starring Orson Welles and Tyrone Power.
  • F.M. Klinger´s 1791 novel Fausts Leben, Thaten und Höllenfahrt features an episode in which the Borgias figure, including an affair between Faust and Lucrezia.
  • Rafael Sabatini's novel The Shame of Motley features Lucrezia and Cesare Borgia as supporting characters.
  • Rafael Sabatini wrote a novel The Life of Cesare Borgia, available at Project Gutenberg. that attempts to treat the Borgias historically.
  • Gregory Maguire's novel Mirror, Mirror is a historical fantasy that retells the story of Snow White, in which Lucrezia figures prominently as the evil stepmother. She is depicted as a decadent, vain and beautiful woman with a mind for politics and little regard for others. Her affair with her father is hinted at but never confirmed, but her relationship with Cesare is a major plot point.
  • Jeanne Kalogridis's book The Borgia Bride tells the story of Sancha of Aragon (sister of Alfonso who later married Lucrezia) married to Jofre Borgia about her life in Rome and her involvement with Cesare and Lucrezia. The latter is depicted as having an incestuous relationship with her father and brother but not as a vicious person. She's mostly manipulated by her family.
  • Jean Plaidy's two novels, "Madonna of the Seven Hills" and "Light On Lucrezia" follow the story of Lucrezia and her entanglement with her father and brothers. Plaidy's writing is well-supported by research and her extensive knowledge of European history; based on her understanding, Plaidy portrays Lucrezia as a pawn of her father and brother Cesare.
  • Kerri Hawkins' 2002 novel Blood Legacy: The Story of Ryan includes Lucrezia, her father and brother Cesare as minor characters.
  • A novel The Family, written by Mario Puzo, was centered around the Borgia family. Although this novel was started early in his career, it was his last novel to be completed. Puzo called the Borgias "the first crime family" and incorporated many of their exploits and characteristics into his blockbuster novel, "The Godfather"; most prominently the notion that family loyalty was of primary importance above all else.
  • David Davalos' 2002 play Daedalus features Lucrezia Borgia involved in a secret love affair with Leonardo da Vinci, who is working as a military engineer for her brother Cesare.
  • Milo Manara, an Italian comic book creator, drew a comic book divided in three parts depicting the story of the Borgia family. The texts were written by Alejandro Jodorowsky.
  • A fictionalized version of Lucrezia appeared in issues 98-100 of Avengers West Coast as the supervillain Cyana, a member of the fourth incarnation of the Lethal Legion.
  • She appears as a side character in the Dutch book De Scharlaken Stad, by Hella S. Haasse. The book tells the story of her brother Giovanni Borgia.
  • A fictionalized version of Lucrezia, along with her brother Cesare, appeared as villains in the 2005 Buffy the Vampire Slayer novel Queen of the Slayers.
  • The novel Lucrezia Borgia and the Mother of Poisons, Roberta Gellis, Forge Books, 2004. Depicts Lucrezia as an amateur sleuth tracking down who is doing the poisoning and learning about the properties of aconite, wolfbane, monksblood along the way.
  • The novel Lucrezia Borgia, John Faunce, Three Rivers Press; Reprint edition 2004

Prince of Foxes is a novel of historical fiction by Samuel Shellabarger, following the adventures of the fictional Andrea Orsini, a captain in the service of Cesare Borgia during his conquest of the Romagna. ... Prince of Foxes is a 1949 film based on the Samuel Shellabarger novel Prince of Foxes. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Tyrone Edmund Power, Jr. ... For other uses, see Faust (disambiguation). ... Rafael Sabatini (April 29, 1875 - February 13, 1950) was an Italian/British writer of novels of romance and adventure. ... Rafael Sabatini (April 29, 1875 - February 13, 1950) was an Italian/British writer of novels of romance and adventure. ... Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive and distribute cultural works. ... Gregory Maguire (born June 9, 1954 in Albany, New York) is an American author. ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... This article is about the Snow White character. ... The Borgia Bride is a novel by Jeanne Kalogridis, portraying life in the Borgia dynasty through the eyes of Princess Sancha of Aragon. ... Jean Plaidy was a pen name of British author Eleanor Hibbert, also known as Philippa Carr and Victoria Holt. ... The Family is a 2001 novel by Mario Puzo. ... Mario Gianluigi Puzo (October 15, 1920 – July 2, 1999) was an American author known for his novels about the Mafia, especially The Godfather (1969). ... Milo Manara (born Maurilio Manara, September 12, 1945, Luson, Italy) is an Italian comic book creator (writer and drawer), best known for his erotic approach to the medium. ... Alejandro (or Alexandro) Jodorowsky Alejandro Jodorowsky or Alexandro Jodorowsky (IPA: ) (born February 7, 1929, in Tocopilla, Chile) is an actor, playwright, director, producer, composer, mime, comic book writer and psychotherapist born to Ashkenazi Jewish parents of Russian origin. ... The West Coast Avengers was a spin-off superhero team of the Avengers, as well as the title of their comic book series. ... Doctor Doom, one of the most archetypal supervillains and his arch-enemies The Fantastic Four (in background). ... The Lethal Legion is a name used by four fictional supervillain teams in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Hella S. Haasse (1918) is one of the most important modern Dutch writers. ... Giovanni Borgia may refer to several members of the Borgia family. ... For other uses, see Buffy the Vampire Slayer (disambiguation). ... Canonicity warning: The following is not considered canonical in the Buffyverse. ... Species About 60: see text Aconitum is a genus of plants belonging to the buttercup family Ranunculaceae. ... Wolfbane, also known as wolfs bane or monks hood, is a poisonous plant of the genus Aconitum. ...

References

  1. ^ The Borgias by Ivan Cloulas page 52
  2. ^ Ferrara 2002 Anno di Lucrezia Borgia. Comune di Ferrara.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lucrezia Borgia (2200 words)
Lucrezia was informed of the plot by her older brother, Cesare, and secretly told her husband to flee, which he later did, to Rome.
Lucrezia tended to him with all the care and love she could give and just as he was recovering, Cesare arrived at the apartments and ordered Lucrezia and the servants from the room.
In 1507, Cesare Borgia died at the siege of Viana at the age of thirty-one, and although he was a bloody and heartless man yet cultured man and the murder of her second husband, Lucrezia grieved deeply.
Encyclopedia4U - Lucrezia Borgia - Encyclopedia Article (887 words)
Lucrezia's family later came to epitomise the ruthless Machiavillian politics and sexual corruption alleged to be characteristic of the Renaissance Papacy.
Lucrezia was married to Giovanni Sforza (Ruler of Milan), Alfonso V of Aragon (Duke of Bisceglie), and Alphonso d'Este (Prince of Ferrara).
Giovanni refused and accused Lucrezia of paternal and fraternal incest.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m