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Encyclopedia > Lucille Clifton

Lucille Clifton (born June 27, 1936) is an American poet, writer, and educator from New York. Common topics in her poetry include the celebration of her African American heritage, and feminist themes, with particular emphasis on the female body; for instance, some of her more well known works include homage to my hips and poem to my uterus. A biography of Clifton was published in 2006.[1] is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the state. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ...

Contents

Life

Lucille Clifton (born Thelma Lucille Sayles) was born June 27, 1936, and raised in Depew, New York. Her high school career was completed at Fosdick-Masten Park High School. She attended Howard University from 1953 to 1955 and graduated from the State University of New York at Fredonia (near Buffalo) in 1955. In 1958 she married Fred James Clifton. She worked as a claims clerk in the New York State Division of Employment, Buffalo (1958-1960), and as literature assistant in the Office of Education in Washington, D.C. (1960-1971). Her first poetry collection Good Times was published in 1969, and listed by The New York Times as one of the year's 10 best books. Clifton left From 1971 to 1974 she was poet-in-residence at Coppin State College in Baltimore. From 1979-1985 she was Poet Laureate of the state of Maryland.[2] From 1982 to 1983 she was visiting writer at Columbia University School of the Arts and at George Washington University. From 1985-1989, Clifton was a professor of literature and creative writing at the University of California, Santa Cruz.[3] Since 1991, she has been Distinguished Professor of Humanities at St. Mary's College of Maryland. Position within Erie County. ... Howard University is a university located in Washington, D.C., USA. An historically black university, Howard was established in 1867 by congressional order and named for Oliver O. Howard. ... The State University of New York at Fredonia (also known as SUNY Fredonia or Fredonia State) is a four-year liberal arts college located in Fredonia, New York. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... Coppin State University, located on 46 acres (186,000 m²) in Baltimore, Maryland, is part of the University System of Maryland. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... A Poet Laureate is a poet officially appointed by a government and often expected to compose poems for State occasions and other government events. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N  - Longitude 75° 03′ W to 79° 29... The George Washington University (GW), is a private, coeducational university located in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood of Washington, D.C. The school was founded in 1821 as The Columbian College in the District of Columbia by Baptist ministers using funds bequeathed by George Washington. ... “UCSC” redirects here. ... St. ...


Poetry and Prose

In 1969 Clifton's first book, a collection of poetry titled Good Times, was published; in that year it was listed by The New York Times as one of the year's 10 best books. In 1971, Clifton left her civil service position to become a writer in residence at Coppin State College, and during her tenure there she published her next two volumes of poetry Good News About the Earth (1972) and An Ordinary Woman (1974). The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ...


Clifton's later poetry collections include Next: New Poems (1987), Quilting: Poems 1987-1990 (1991), and The Terrible Stories (1996). Generations: A Memoir (1976) is a prose piece celebrating her origins, and Good Woman: Poems and a Memoir: 1969-1980 (1987) collects some of her previously published verse.


Clifton's many children's books, written expressly for an African-American audience in mind,[citation needed] include All Us Come Cross the Water (1973), My Friend Jacob (1980), and Three Wishes (1992). She also wrote an award-winning series of books featuring events in the life of Everett Anderson, a young black boy. These include Some of the Days of Everett Anderson (1970) and Everett Anderson's Goodbye (1983). Her children's books now total over 20. Besides appearing in over 100 anthologies of poetry, she has come to popular attention through television appearances on the "Today Show", "Sunday Morning", with Charles Kuralt, "Nightline" and Bill Moyers' series, "The Power of the Word". Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ...


Awards

She received a Creative Writing Fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts in 1970 and 1973, and a grant from the Academy of American Poets. She has received the Shelley Memorial Award, the Charity Randall prize, the Shestack Prize from the American Poetry Review, and an Emmy Award. In 1988, she became the first author to have two books of poetry chosen as finalists for the Pulitzer Prize. She received the Lannan Literary Award for Poetry in 1996. From 1999-2005, she served on the Board of Chancellors of the Academy of American Poets. In 2007, Clifton won the Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize; the $100,000 prize honors a living U.S. poet whose "lifetime accomplishments warrant extraordinary recognition." The National Endowment for the Arts is a United States federally funded program that offers support and funding for projects that exhibit artistic excellence. ... The Academy of American Poets is the largest organization in the United States dedicated to the art of poetry. ... The Shelley Memorial Award of more than $3,500, given out by the Poetry Society of America, was established by the will of the late Mary P. Sears, The prize is given to a living American poet selected with reference to genius and need. ... The American Poetry Review is an American literary magazine printed every other month and printed on tabloid-sized newsprint. ... An Emmy Award. ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... The Lannan Literary Awards are a series of awards and literary fellowships given out in various fields by the Lannan Foundation. ... The Academy of American Poets is the largest organization in the United States dedicated to the art of poetry. ... The Ruth Lilly Poetry Prize is awarded annually by The Poetry Foundation; the Foundation also publishes Poetry. ...


Bibliography

Poetry

  • Good Times (1969) - selected by the New York Times as one of the year's ten best books
  • Good News About the Earth (1972)
  • An Ordinary Woman (1974)
  • Two-Headed Woman (1980)
  • Good Woman: Poems and a Memoir: 1969-1980 (BOA Editions, 1987)
  • Next: New Poems (BOA Editions, 1987)
  • Quilting: Poems 1987-1990 (BOA Editions, 1991)
  • The Book of Light (Copper Canyon, 1993)
  • The Terrible Stories (BOA Editions, 1996)
  • Blessing The Boats (BOA Editions, 2000)
  • Mercy (BOA Editions, 2004)

Nonfiction The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...

  • Generations: A Memoir (1976)

References

  1. ^ Lupton, Mary Jane (2006). Lucille Clifton : Her Life and Letters (Praeger Publishers). ISBN 978-0275984694.
  2. ^ "Maryland Poets Laureate," webpage of Maryland State Archives, retrieved May 27, 2007.
  3. ^ Maryland State Archives and Maryland Commission for Women. "Lucille Clifton, Maryland Women's Hall of Fame," webpage from the Maryland Women's Hall of Fame retrieved May 28, 2007.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lucille Clifton - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (548 words)
Lucille Clifton (born June 27, 1936) is an American poet from New York.
Lucille Clifton (born Lucille Sayles) was born June 27, 1936, and raised in Depew, New York (a suburb of Buffalo).
Clifton worked in state and federal government positions until 1971, when she became a writer in residence at the Historically Black College Coppin State College in Baltimore, Maryland.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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