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Encyclopedia > Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball

Pin-up photo of Lucille Ball in Yank, the Army Weekly.
Born Lucille Désirée Ball
6 August 1911(1911-08-06)
Jamestown, New York, USA
Died 26 April 1989 (aged 77)
Los Angeles, California, USA
Years active 1932-1989
Spouse(s) Desi Arnaz (1940-1960)
Gary Morton (1961-1989)

Lucille Désirée Ball (August 6, 1911April 26, 1989) was an iconic American comedienne, film, television, stage and radio actress, glamour girl and star of the landmark sitcoms I Love Lucy, The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour, The Lucy Show and Here's Lucy. Lucille Ball was one of America's favorite stars and had one of Hollywood's longest careers. She was a movie star from the 1930s to the 1970s, and appeared on television for more than 30 years. She received 13 Emmy Award nominations and had four wins. She was the recipient of the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award in 1979, the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Kennedy Center Honors in 1986 and the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Governors Award in 1989. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Yank, the Army Weekly was a weekly magazine published by the United States military during World War II. Founded and edited by Major Hartzell Spence (1908-2001), the magazine was written by enlisted rank soldiers only and was made available to the soldiers, sailors and airmen serving overseas. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Jamestown is a city in Chautauqua County, New York in the United States. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Desi Arnaz (born Desiderio Alberto Arnaz y de Acha III) (March 2, 1917 – December 2, 1986) was a Cuban American musician, actor and television producer. ... Gary Morton (born 1924) was the second husband of Lucille Ball. ... An Emmy Award. ... This is a list of the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series winners: 1974: Mary Tyler Moore, The Mary Tyler Moore Show 1975: Valerie Harper, Rhoda 1976: Mary Tyler Moore, The Mary Tyler Moore Show 1977: Beatrice Arthur, Maude 1978: Jean Stapleton, All In The... I Love Lucy is a popular American situation comedy, starring Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz, Vivian Vance and William Frawley. ... I Love Lucy is a popular American situation comedy, starring Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz, Vivian Vance and William Frawley. ... This article is about the television series. ... This article is about the television series. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... The Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in motion pictures has been given annually since 1952 by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association at the Golden Globe Award ceremonies in Hollywood, California. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... A comedian (also comedienne, female) is a person who attempts to make people laugh through a variety of methods, normally through joke telling. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... Glamour photography is the photographing of a model (usually female), in a way that is intended to be erotic, yet not pornographic. ... I Love Lucy is a popular American situation comedy, starring Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz, Vivian Vance and William Frawley. ... The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour was a 1957-60 CBS television situation comedy. ... This article is about the television series. ... TV Guide cover, promoting Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burtons famous appearance on a 1970 episode of Heres Lucy Heres Lucy was Lucille Balls third network television sitcom. ... The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the [[. In East Asia, the rise of militarism occurred. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... An Emmy Award. ... The Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in motion pictures has been given annually since 1952 by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association at the Golden Globe Award ceremonies in Hollywood, California. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... The Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (ATAS) is the organization which awards the Emmys. ...

Contents

Biography

Early life and career

Main article: Lucille Ball filmography and television work

Lucille Désirée Ball was born to Henry Durrell Ball (September 16, 1886 – February 28, 1915) and Desiree "DeDe" Eveline Hunt (September 21, 1892 – July 20, 1977) in Jamestown, New York, and grew up in the adjacent small town of Celoron. Although Lucy was born in Jamestown, she told many people that she was born in Butte, Montana.[1] Her family was Baptist; her father was of Scottish descent, whose mother was Mary Ball. [2] Her mother was of French, Irish and English descent.[3] Her genealogy can be traced back to the earliest settlers in the colonies. One ancestor, William Sprague (1609–1675), left England on the ship Lyon's Whelp for Plymouth/Salem, Massachusetts. Originally from Upwey, Dorset, England, William and his two brothers helped to found the city of Charlestown, Massachusetts. Other Sprague relatives became soldiers in the US Revolutionary War and two of them became governors of the state of Rhode Island. Jamestown is a city in Chautauqua County, New York in the United States. ... This article is about the state. ... Celeron (New York) The Village of Celoron is a village in Chautauqua County, New York, USA. It sits on the west boundary of the City of Jamestown, New York and is surrounded by the Town of Ellicott. ... Jamestown is a city in Chautauqua County, New York in the United States. ... Uptown Butte 1942 view of the city Butte is a city in Silver Bow County, Montana and is the county seat. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is... Map showing the population density of Americans who declared Scottish ancestory in the census. ... Irish Americans are residents or citizens of the United States who claim Irish ancestry. ... English Americans (occasionally known as Anglo-Americans) are citizens of the United States whose ancestry originates wholly or partly in England. ... Left England on the ship Lyons Whelp for Plymouth/Salem, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Plymouth Settled 1620 Incorporated (town) 1670 Government [1]  - Type Representative town meeting  - Town    Manager Mark Sylvia Area  - Total 134. ... Nickname: Location in Essex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Essex Settled 1626 Incorporated 1626 A City 1836 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Kimberley Driscoll Area  - Total 18. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Upwey is a village in south Dorset, England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Birdseye view of Boston, Charlestown, and Bunker Hill between 1890 and 1910. ... Combatants American Revolutionaries, France, The Netherlands, Spain, American Indians Great Britain, German mercenaries, Loyalists, American Indians Canadian Indians Commanders George Washington, Comte de Rochambeau, Nathanael Greene, Bernardo de Gálvez Sir William Howe, Sir Henry Clinton, Lord Cornwallis (more commanders) The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Her father was a telephone lineman for Bell Telephones, while her mother was often described as a lively and energetic young woman. Her father's job required frequent transfers, and within three years of her birth, Lucille had moved many times, from Jamestown to Anaconda, Montana, and then to Wyandotte, Michigan. While DeDe Ball was pregnant with her second child, Frederick, Henry Ball contracted typhoid fever and died in February 1915. Anaconda, county seat of Anaconda-Deer Lodge County, is located in mountainous southwestern Montana. ... Wyandotte is a city in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... For a similar disease with a similar name, see typhus. ...


After her father died, Ball and her brother Fred were raised by her mother and grandparents. Her grandfather, Fred C. Hunt, was an eccentric socialist who also enjoyed the theater. He frequently took the family to vaudeville shows and encouraged young Lucy to take part in both her own and school plays. This article is about the musical variety theatre. ...

Lucille Ball as a Young model and starlet. Photo: Howard Frank Archives

In 1927, after a romance with a local bad boy (Johnny DeVita), Ball decided to enroll in the John Murray Anderson School for the Dramatic Arts in New York City with her mother's approval. There, the shy girl was outshone by another pupil, Bette Davis. Ball went home a few weeks later when drama coaches told her that she "had no future at all as a performer". Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... John Murray Anderson (September 20, 1886 - January 30, 1954) was a theatre director and producer, songwriter, screenwriter, and lighting designer. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For the singer, see Betty Davis, for the meteorologist, see Betty Davis (meteorologist). ...


Ball was determined to prove her teachers wrong and returned to New York City in 1929. She landed work as a fashion model. Her career was thriving, when she became ill with rheumatoid arthritis and could not work for two years.[4] Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is traditionally considered a chronic, inflammatory autoimmune disorder that causes the immune system to attack the joints. ...


She moved back to New York City in 1932 to become an actress and had some success as a fashion model for designer Hattie Carnegie and as the Chesterfield girl. She began her performing career on Broadway using the stage name "Diane Belmont" and was hired—but then quickly fired—by theatre impressario Earl Carroll from his Vanities and by Florenz Ziegfeld from a touring company of Rio Rita. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... A model is a person who poses or displays for purposes of art, fashion, or other products and advertising. ... Hattie Carnegie (1889-1956) was a clothing and jewelry designer based in the United States during the 30s, 40s, 50s and 60s. ... Advertisement for Chesterfield cigarettes from the early 20th century At one time, Chesterfield was one of the three most smoked brands of cigarettes in the United States. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... A stage name, also called a screen name, is a pseudonym used by performers and entertainers such as actors, comedians, musicians, djs, clowns, and professional wrestlers. ... Earl Speedo Carroll (Born November 2, 1937[1]) is the lead vocalist for the doo wop group The Cadillacs. ... Florenz Ziegfeld Jr. ... Rio Rita is the name of a very successful 1927 stage musical by Florenz Ziegfeld, which originally united Wheeler and Woolsey as a team and made them famous. ...


She was let go again from the Shubert brothers production of Stepping Stones. After an uncredited stint as one of the Goldwyn Girls in Roman Scandals (1933) she permanently moved to Hollywood to appear in films. She appeared in many small movie roles in the 1930s as a contract player for RKO Radio Pictures, including movies with the Marx Brothers and the Three Stooges. She can also be seen as one of the featured models in the Fred Astaire-Ginger Rogers film Roberta (1935), where she met her lifelong friend, Ginger Rogers. She and Rogers played aspiring actresses in the hit film Stage Door (1937) co-starring Katharine Hepburn. Ball would later state that this was the film that first got her recognition. Ball was signed to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in the 1940s, but she never achieved major stardom from her appearance in those films. ... The Goldwyn Girls were a musical stock company of female dancers employed by MGM, similar to the Golddiggers at Warner Brothers. ... Roman Scandals Roman Scandals is a 1933 film starring Eddie Cantor, Ruth Etting, and Gloria Stuart. ... ... The classic logo of RKO Radio Pictures. ... This article is about the comedian siblings. ... The Three Stooges were an American vaudeville and comedy act of the mid 20th century best known for their numerous short subject films. ... Fred Astaire (May 10, 1899 – June 22, 1987), born Frederick Austerlitz in Omaha, Nebraska,[1] was an American film and Broadway stage dancer, choreographer, singer and actor. ... Ginger Rogers (Virginia Katherine McMath, July 16, 1911 – April 25, 1995) was an Academy Award-winning American film and stage actress and singer. ... Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers in Smoke Gets In Your Eyes from Roberta (1935): RKO publicity still Roberta is a 1935 musical film by RKO starring Irene Dunne, Fred Astaire, Ginger Rogers, and Randolph Scott. ... Ginger Rogers (Virginia Katherine McMath, July 16, 1911 – April 25, 1995) was an Academy Award-winning American film and stage actress and singer. ... Stage Door is a 1937 film that tells the story of several would-be actresses who live together in a single boarding house. ... Katharine Houghton Hepburn (May 12, 1907 – June 29, 2003) was an iconic American actress of film, television and stage. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ...

from the trailer for Stage Door (1937)
from the trailer for Stage Door (1937)

She was known in many Hollywood circles as "Queen of the B's"—a title previously held by Fay Wray—starring in a number of B-movies, such as 1939's Five Came Back. Macdonald Carey was designated as the "King of the B's". Stage Door is a 1937 film that tells the story of several would-be actresses who live together in a single boarding house. ... Vina Fay Wray (September 15, 1907 – August 8, 2004) was a Canadian–American actress. ... The term B-movie originally referred to a film designed to be distributed as the lower half of a double feature, often a genre film featuring cowboys, gangsters or vampires. ... Five Came Back is a 1939 disaster film, which predated many of the more famous air disaster films, such as Airport. ... Macdonald Carey (born Edward Macdonald Carey, March 15, 1913 – March 21, 1994) was an American actor best known for his role as the patriarch Dr. Tom Horton on NBCs soap opera Days of our Lives. ...


Like many budding starlets Ball picked up radio work to earn side income as well as gain exposure. In October of 1938 Ball joined the cast of the Wonder Show staring future Wizard of Oz tin man Jack Haley. [5] It was on this show that she began her 50 year professional relationship with Gale Gordon who served as the show's announcer. The Wonder show only lasted one season with the final episode airing in April 7, 1939. [6] Jack Haley August 10, 1898-June 6, 1979, was an American film actor best known for his portrayal of The Tin Man (and farmworker Hickory) in The Wizard of Oz, which role he got only because actor Buddy Ebsen had a near-fatal reaction from ingesting the aluminum dust makeup... Gale Gordon (February 20, 1906 – June 30, 1995) was an American character actor. ...


In 1940, Ball met Cuban bandleader Desi Arnaz while filming the film version of the Rodgers and Hart stage hit Too Many Girls. Ball and Arnaz connected immediately and eloped the same year, garnering much press attention. Arnaz and Ball frequently argued, especially over his indiscretions with other women, but they always made up in the end. Arnaz was drafted to the United States Army in 1942. He ended up being classified for limited service due to a knee injury. Desi Arnaz (born Desiderio Alberto Arnaz y de Acha III) (March 2, 1917 – December 2, 1986) was a Cuban American musician, actor and television producer. ... Rodgers and Hart was the songwriting team consisting of Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart. ... Too Many Girls is a Broadway musical comedy that opened October 18, 1939, with music by Richard Rodgers, lyrics by Lorenz Hart and book by George Marion, Jr. ... To elope, most literally, merely means to run away. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ...


As a result, Arnaz stayed in Los Angeles, organizing and performing USO shows for wounded GIs being brought back from the Pacific. Ball filed for a divorce in 1944. However, shortly after Ball obtained an interlocutory decree, she reconciled with Arnaz again. Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz were only six years apart in age but apparently believed that it was less socially acceptable for an older woman to marry a younger man, and hence split the difference in their ages, both claiming a 1914 birth date. USO is a TLA that may stand for: Unidentified submarine object Udaipur Solar Observatory Ultra stable oscillator Unidentified submarine object or Unidentified swimming object or Unidentified submersible object Union der Schülerorganisationen (uso. ... Divorce or dissolution of marriage is the ending of a marriage before the death of either spouse. ... Interlocutory is a law term which can refer to an order, sentence, decree, or judgment, given in an intermediate stage between the commencement and termination of a cause, used to provide a temporary or provisional decision on an issue. ... Significant age disparity in sexual relationships has been a feature of couples in many cultures and societies. ...


I Love Lucy and Desilu

Ball as Lucy, Vivian Vance as Ethel on the "Job Switching" episode of I Love Lucy
Ball as Lucy, Vivian Vance as Ethel on the "Job Switching" episode of I Love Lucy

In 1948, Ball was cast as Liz Cugat (later "Cooper"), a wacky wife, in My Favorite Husband, a radio program for CBS Radio. The program was successful, and CBS asked her to develop it for television. She agreed, but insisted on working with Arnaz. CBS executives were reluctant, thinking the public would not accept an All-American redhead and a Cuban as a couple. CBS was initially not impressed with the pilot episode produced by the couple's Desilu Productions company, so the couple toured the road in a vaudeville act with Lucy as the zany housewife wanting to get in Arnaz's show. The tour was a smash, and CBS put I Love Lucy on their lineup. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Vivian Roberta Jones (July 26, 1909 – August 17, 1979), known professionally as Vivian Vance, was an Emmy Award-winning American television actress, theater actress, and singer. ... My Favorite Husband was a radio program on CBS Radio. ... CBS Radio Inc. ... The Desilu logo, used in the 1960s. ... This article is about the musical variety theatre. ...


The I Love Lucy show was not only a star vehicle for Lucille Ball, but a way for her to try to salvage her marriage to Desi Arnaz, which had become badly strained, in part by the fact that each had a hectic performing schedule which often kept them apart. I Love Lucy is a popular American situation comedy, starring Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz, Vivian Vance and William Frawley. ...


Along the way, she created a television dynasty and reached several "firsts". Ball was the first woman in television to be head of a production company: Desilu, the company that she and Arnaz formed. After buying out her by-then ex-husband's share of the studio, Ball functioned as a very active studio head.


Desilu and I Love Lucy pioneered a number of methods still in use in television production today. When the show premiered, most shows were aired live from New York City studios to Eastern and Central Time Zone audiences, and captured by kinescope for broadcast later to the West Coast. The kinescope picture was inferior to film, and as a result the West Coast broadcasts were inferior to those seen elsewhere in the country. Ball and Arnaz wanted to remain in their Los Angeles home, but the time zone logistics made that broadcast norm impossible. Prime time in L.A. was too late at night on the East Coast to air a major network series, meaning the majority of the TV audience would be seeing not only the inferior picture of kinescopes but seeing them at least a day later. Live television refers to television broadcasts of events or performances on a delay of between zero and fifteen seconds, rather than from video recordings or film. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Time Zone is also a historical computer game. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... Kinescope (IPA: ) originally referred to the cathode ray tube used in television monitors. ...


Sponsor Philip Morris did not want to show day-old kinescopes to the major markets on the East Coast, yet neither did they want to pay for the extra cost filming, processing and editing would require, pressuring Ball and Arnaz to relocate to New York City. Ball and Arnaz offered to take a pay cut to finance filming, on the condition that their company, Desilu, would retain the rights to that film once it was aired. CBS relinquished the show rights back to Desilu after initial broadcast, not realizing they were giving away a valuable and durable asset. Desilu made many millions of dollars on I Love Lucy rebroadcasts through syndication and became a textbook example of how a show can be profitable in second-run syndication. In television's infancy, the concept of the rerun hadn't yet formed, and many in the industry wondered who would want to see a program a second time. In fact, while other celebrated shows of the period exist only in incomplete sets of kinescopes too degraded to show to subsequent generations of television viewers, I Love Lucy has virtually never gone out of syndication since it began, seen by hundreds of millions of people around the world over the past half century. The success of Ball and Arnaz's gamble was instrumental in drawing television production from New York to Hollywood for the next several decades. Altria Group, Inc. ... In the television industry (as in radio), syndication is the sale of the right to broadcast programs to multiple stations, without going through a broadcast network. ... Rerun van Pelt is the name of Linus and Lucys younger brother in the comic strip Peanuts. ...


Desilu also hired legendary German cameraman Karl Freund as their director of photography. Freund had worked for F.W. Murnau and Fritz Lang, shot part of Metropolis (1927) and had directed a number of Hollywood films himself. Freund used a three-camera setup, which became the standard way of filming situation comedies. A stereotypical German The Germans (German: die Deutschen), or the German people, are a nation in the meaning an ethnos (in German: Volk), defined more by a sense of sharing a common German culture and having a German mother tongue, than by citizenship or by being subjects to any particular... Karl W. Freund (January 16, 1890-May 3, 1969) was a German cinematographer who worked on over 100 films, including Metropolis (1927), Dracula (1931), and Key Largo (1948). ... F W Murnau Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau (December 28, 1888 – March 11, 1931) was one of the most influential directors of the silent film era. ... Friedrich Christian Anton Fritz Lang (December 5, 1890 – August 2, 1976) was an Austrian-German-American film director, screenwriter and occasional film producer, one of the best known émigrés from Germanys school of Expressionism. ... Metropolis is a very early science fiction film that was produced in Germany during the brief years of the Weimar Republic. ...


Shooting long shots, medium shots, and close-ups on a comedy in front of a live audience demanded discipline, technique, and close choreography. Among other non-standard techniques used in filming the show, cans of paint (in shades ranging from white to medium gray) were kept on set to "paint out" inappropriate shadows and disguise lighting flaws.


I Love Lucy dominated the weekly TV ratings in the United States for most of its run. In the scene where Lucy and Ricky are practicing the tango in the episode, "Lucy Does The Tango," the longest recorded studio audience laugh in the history of the show was produced. It was so long, in fact, that the sound editor had to cut that particular part of the soundtrack in half. The strenuous rehearsals and demands of Desilu studio kept the Arnazes too busy to comprehend the show's success. During the show's hiatus, they starred together in feature films: Vincente Minnelli's The Long, Long Trailer (1954) and Alexander Hall's Forever, Darling (1956). According to a number of sources, including biographers Stern Kanfer and Bart Andrews, when the couple finally found time to attend a Hollywood movie premiere in late 1953, the entire star-studded audience stood and turned with a thunderous applause. It finally connected with the Arnazes. I Love Lucy made them the biggest stars in the nation, even among the Hollywood elite. Vincente Minnelli (February 28, 1903 – July 25, 1986) was a famous Hollywood director and accomplished stage director, often considered by critics to be the father of the modern musical. ... 1954 ad for New Moon Mobile Home Company, promoting both their trailers and the film The Long, Long Trailer was a novel by Clinton Twiss from the 1950s about a couple who buy a new travel trailer home and spend a year traveling the United States. ... Alexander Hall (January 11, 1894, in Boston, Massachusetts- July 30, 1968 in San Francisco) was an American film director. ...


Desilu produced several other popular shows, most notably Our Miss Brooks (starring Ball's 1937 Stage Door co-star Eve Arden), The Untouchables, Star Trek, and Mission: Impossible. Many other shows, particularly Sheldon Leonard-produced series like Make Room for Daddy, The Dick Van Dyke Show, The Andy Griffith Show, and I Spy, were filmed at Desilu Studios and bear its logo. Our Miss Brooks, an American situation comedy, began as a radio hit in 1948 and migrated to television in 1952, becoming one of the earlier hits of the so-called Golden Age of Television, and making a star out of Eve Arden as comely, wisecracking, but humane high school English... Stage Door is a 1937 film that tells the story of several would-be actresses who live together in a single boarding house. ... Eve Arden (April 30, 1908 – November 12, 1990) was an Academy Award-nominated and Emmy-winning American actress, who established a lengthy career as a supporting and character actor rather than as a lead actress due, in large part, to the fact, that while tall and slim, she was not... The Untouchables is the name of a television series that ran from 1959 to 1963 on the American Broadcasting Company. ... The starship Enterprise as it appeared on Star Trek Star Trek is a culturally significant science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry in the 1960s. ... Mission: Impossible is the name of an American television series which aired on the CBS network from September 1966 to September 1973. ... Sheldon Leonard (February 22, 1907 – January 10, 1997) was a pioneering American film and television producer, director, writer, and actor. ... The Danny Thomas Show (also known as Make Room for Daddy for the first three seasons) was a comedy television series starring Danny Thomas, Jean Hagen, Rusty Hamer, Sherry Jackson and Louise Beavers. ... The Dick Van Dyke Show is an American television situation comedy which initially aired on CBS from October 3, 1961 to June 1, 1966, created by Carl Reiner and starring Dick Van Dyke and Mary Tyler Moore. ... The Andy Griffith Show is an American television series that aired on CBS from October 3rd, 1960 to April 1st, 1968. ... The I-SPY books were spotters guides written for British children, and particularly successful in the 1950s and 60s. ...


Testimony Before the House Committee on Un-American Activities

In 1953, Ball was subpoenaed by the House Committee on Un-American Activities because she had registered to vote in the Communist party primary election in 1936 at her socialist grandfather's insistence (per FBI FOIA-released documents in a declassified FBI file).[7] Immediately before the filming of episode 68 ("The Girls Go Into Business") of I Love Lucy, people in the studio audience made signs and started booing, their minds on her Capitol Hill appearance. Desi Arnaz came onstage and quipped: "The only thing red about Lucy is her hair, and even that's not legitimate." Then, he presented her and people started cheering for her. The House Committee on Un-American Activities or HUAC (1945-1975) was an investigating committee of the United States House of Representatives. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) is the implementation of freedom of information legislation in the United States. ...


Children and divorce

On July 17, 1951, just one month before her 40th birthday and after several miscarriages, Ball gave birth to her first child, Lucie Desiree Arnaz. A year and a half later, Ball gave birth to her second child, Desiderio Alberto Arnaz IV, known as Desi Arnaz, Jr. When he was born, I Love Lucy was a solid ratings hit, and Ball and Arnaz wrote the pregnancy into the show (indeed, Ball gave birth in real life on the same day that her Lucy Ricardo character gave birth). There were several challenges from CBS, insisting that a pregnant woman could not be shown on television, nor could the word "pregnant" be spoken on-air. After approval from several religious figures the network allowed the pregnancy storyline, but insisted that the word "expecting" be used instead of "pregnant". (Arnaz garnered laughs when he deliberately mispronounced it as "'spectin'.) The episode's official title was "Lucy Is Enceinte," borrowing the French word for pregnant. The birth made the first cover of TV Guide in January 1953[8]. is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lucie Arnaz (born Lucie Desiree Arnaz on July 17, 1951) is an American actress. ... Desi Arnaz, Jr. ... TV Guide is the name of two North American weekly magazines about television programming, one in the United States and one in Canada. ...


Ball's instincts with business were often astonishingly sharp, and her love for Arnaz was passionate, but her relationships with her children were sometimes strained. Lucie Arnaz, her daughter, spoke of her mother's "controlling" nature. She had a few very good friends in the business: Ginger Rogers, Mary Wickes and Vivian Vance. All were childless; Wickes never married. Lucie Arnaz (born Lucie Desiree Arnaz on July 17, 1951) is an American actress. ... Ginger Rogers (Virginia Katherine McMath, July 16, 1911 – April 25, 1995) was an Academy Award-winning American film and stage actress and singer. ... Mary Wickes guest-starring in the television series Zorro (1957-1959) as Dolores Bastinado Mary Wickes, born Mary Isabelle Wickenhauser, (June 13, 1910 - October 22, 1995) was an American film and television actress. ... Vivian Roberta Jones (July 26, 1909 – August 17, 1979), known professionally as Vivian Vance, was an Emmy Award-winning American television actress, theater actress, and singer. ...


By the end of the 1950s, Desilu had become a large company, causing a good deal of stress for both Ball and Arnaz; his increasing drinking further compounded matters. On May 4, 1960, just two months after filming the final episode of The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour, the couple divorced, ending one of television's greatest marriages[9]. However, until his death in 1986, Arnaz would remain friends with Ball. Indeed, both Arnaz and Ball spoke lovingly of each other after the breakup. However, her real-life divorce indirectly found its way into her later television series, in that she was always cast as a single woman. Desilu Productions was a company jointly owned by American actors Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour was a 1957-60 CBS television situation comedy. ...


The following year, Ball did a musical on Broadway, Wildcat, co-starring Paula Stewart. It was Stewart who introduced her to her next husband Gary Morton, a Borscht Belt stand-up comic who was thirteen years her junior. That marked the beginning of a 30-year friendship between Lucy and Paula. Morton told interviewers at the time that he had never seen Ball on television, since he was always performing during primetime. Ball immediately installed Morton in her production company, teaching him the television business and eventually promoting him to producer. Morton also played occasional bit parts on Ball's various series. Wildcat is a musical with a book by N. Richard Nash, lyrics by Carolyn Leigh, and music by Cy Coleman. ... Paula Stewart (born April 9, 1929) is a Motion Picture, Television, and Broadway Actress and Singer, as well as a Film Producer from Chicago. ... Gary Morton (born 1924) was the second husband of Lucille Ball. ... Borscht Belt is an informal term for the summer resorts of the Catskill Mountains in Sullivan and Ulster Counties in upstate New York which were frequented by Ashkenazi Jews. ... Richard Pryor hits the money line A stand-up comedian or stand-up comic is someone that performs in comedy clubs, usually reciting a fast paced succession of amusing stories, short jokes and one-liners, typically called a monologue. ... PrimeTime is a television newsmagazine from ABC News. ... The primary role of a television producer is to coordinate and control all aspects of production, ranging from show idea development and cast hiring to shoot supervision and fact-checking. ...


Later career

The 1960 Broadway musical Wildcat was a successful sell-out that ended its run early when Ball became too ill to continue in the show. The show was the source of the song she made famous, "Hey, Look Me Over", which she performed with Paula Stewart on The Ed Sullivan Show. She made a few more movies including Yours, Mine, and Ours (1968), and the musical Mame (1974), and two more successful long-running sitcoms for CBS: The Lucy Show (1962–68), which costarred Vance and Gale Gordon, and Here's Lucy (1968–74), which also featured Gordon, as well Lucy's real life children, Lucie Arnaz and Desi Arnaz, Jr. For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... Wildcat is a musical with a book by N. Richard Nash, lyrics by Carolyn Leigh, and music by Cy Coleman. ... Paula Stewart (born April 9, 1929) is a Motion Picture, Television, and Broadway Actress and Singer, as well as a Film Producer from Chicago. ... The Ed Sullivan Show was an American television variety show that ran from June 20, 1948 to June 6, 1971, and was hosted by former entertainment columnist Ed Sullivan. ... Yours, Mine and Ours is a 1968 film, directed by Melville Shavelson, with Henry Fonda, Lucille Ball and Van Johnson. ... Mame is a 1974 American musical film. ... This article is about the television series. ... Gale Gordon (February 20, 1906 – June 30, 1995) was an American character actor. ... TV Guide cover, promoting Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burtons famous appearance on a 1970 episode of Heres Lucy Heres Lucy was Lucille Balls third network television sitcom. ...


Ball was originally considered by Frank Sinatra for the role of Mrs. Iselin in The Manchurian Candidate. However, director/producer John Frankenheimer had worked with Angela Lansbury in a mother role in another film, and insisted on having her for the part. (Source: Frankenheimer's DVD audio commentary.) Sinatra redirects here. ... The Manchurian Candidate (1962) is a Cold War political thriller film adapted from the 1959 thriller novel, by Richard Condon, directed by John Frankenheimer, and features Frank Sinatra, Laurence Harvey, Angela Lansbury, and Janet Leigh. ... John Michael Frankenheimer (February 19, 1930 – July 6, 2002) was an American film director. ... Angela Lansbury CBE (born October 16, 1925) is a four-time Tony-winning, six-time Golden Globe-winning, three-time Oscar-nominated, and eighteen-time Emmy-nominated English actress. ...


During the mid-1980s, she attempted to resurrect her television career. In 1982, Ball hosted a two-part Three's Company retrospective, showing clips from the show's first five seasons, summarizing memorable plotlines, and commenting on her love of the show. The second part of the special ended with her receiving a kiss on the cheek from John Ritter. A 1985 dramatic made-for-TV film about an elderly homeless woman, Stone Pillow, was well received. However, her 1986 sitcom comeback Life With Lucy, costarring her longtime foil Gale Gordon and co-produced by Ball, Gary Morton, and former actor Aaron Spelling, was a critical and commercial flop which was cancelled less than two months into its run by ABC. Threes Company is an American sitcom that ran from 1977 to 1984 on ABC. It is a remake of the British sitcom Man About the House. ... This article is about the American actor. ... Stone Pillow was a 1985 television movie in which Lucille Ball, in an attempt to make a dramatic breakout from her years in comedy, portrayed an older homeless woman with few resources and even fewer options. ... Life with Lucy was Lucille Balls last television series. ... Look up Foil in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ...

Ball at her last public appearance at the 61st Academy Awards in 1989 just four weeks before her death
Ball at her last public appearance at the 61st Academy Awards in 1989 just four weeks before her death

The failure of this series was said to have sent Ball into a serious depression, and other than a few miscellaneous awards show appearances, she was absent from the public eye for the last several years of her life. Her last public appearance, just one month before her death, was at the 1989 Academy Awards telecast in which she and fellow presenter, Bob Hope, were given a standing ovation[10]. Image File history File links LucilleBall. ... Image File history File links LucilleBall. ... The 61st Academy Awards were presented March 29, 1989 at the Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Bob Hope, KBE (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003), born Leslie Townes Hope, was an English-Born American entertainer who appeared in vaudeville, on Broadway, on radio and television, in movies, and in performing tours for U.S. Military personnel, well known for his good natured humor and career longevity. ...


Death

On April 18, 1989, Ball complained of chest pains and was rushed to the emergency room of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. She was diagnosed as having a dissecting aortic aneurysm and underwent surgery for nearly eight hours. The surgery was successful and Ball was recovering; she was walking around her room with little assistance. On April 26, shortly after dawn, Ball awoke with severe back pains. Her aorta had ruptured in a second location and Ball quickly lost consciousness. All attempts to revive her proved unsuccessful and at approximately 05:17 PST, Lucille Ball died at the age of 77. She was initially interred in Forest Lawn – Hollywood Hills Cemetery in Los Angeles, but in 2002 her children moved her ashes to the family plot at Lake View Cemetery in Jamestown, New York where Ball's mother, father, brother, and grandparents are buried. is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Cedars-Sinai Medical Center is a hospital located in Los Angeles, California. ... Aortic dissection is a tear of the aorta (the largest artery of the body). ... The Pacific Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... Forest Lawn - Hollywood Hills Cemetery is located at 6300 Forest Lawn Drive in Los Angeles, California, on the south edge of the San Fernando Valley by Burbank (and on the north side of the Santa Monica Mountains from Hollywood). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Jamestown is a city in Chautauqua County, New York in the United States. ...


Legacy and posthumous recognition

  • On May 1, 1989, one week after her death, Lucille Ball was featured as a subplot on the TV series Designing Women wherein stars Jean Smart and Dixie Carter discuss Charlene (Smart)'s new Lucille Ball VHS tape and Julia (Carter) responds, "Yes, I love Lucy, we all love Lucy." A photo of Lucy on the set of I Love Lucy was used as the backdrop to the episode's credits, as well as the theme song of the series.[11]
  • On July 6, 1989, Lucille Ball was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George H. W. Bush.[12] In 1990, she was posthumously awarded the Women's International Center's Living Legacy Award.[13] In 2002, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.[14]
  • The Little Theatre in Jamestown, New York was renamed the Lucille Ball Little Theatre in 1991.[15]
  • In 2000, Lucille Ball was among Time magazine's 100 Most Important People of the Century.[16]
  • On August 6, 2001, on what would have been her 90th birthday, the United States Postal Service honored her with a commemorative postage stamp as part of its Legends of Hollywood series.[17]
  • Lucille Ball has appeared on the cover of TV Guide more than any other person; she appeared on 39 covers, including the very first cover in 1953, with her baby son Desi Arnaz, Jr.[18] In 1996, TV Guide voted Lucille Ball as the Greatest TV Star of All Time. In 2001, it commemorated the 50th anniversary of I Love Lucy with eight collector covers celebrating memorable scenes from the show. In 2002, TV Guide named I Love Lucy the second most influential television program in American history.[19]
  • In 2007, she was posthumously awarded the Legacy of Laughter award at the 5th Annual TV Land Awards.[20] and I Love Lucy was named the Greatest TV Series by Hall of Fame Magazine.[citation needed]
  • In November 2007, Lucille Ball was chosen as the second out of the 50 Greatest TV Icons, after Johnny Carson.[21]

is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about a television show. ... Jean E. Smart (born September 13, 1951[1][2][3]) is an Emmy Award-winning American film and television actress. ... Dixie Carter in a 1986 Designing Women episode Dixie Virginia Carter (born May 25, 1939) is an American actress noted for her portrayals of Southern women. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The Presidential Medal of Freedom The Presidential Medal of Freedom is one of the two highest civilian awards in the United States and is bestowed by the President of the United States (the other award which is considered its equivalent is the Congressional Gold Medal, which is bestowed by an... George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States, serving from 1989 to 1993. ... The National Womens Hall of Fame was created in 1969 by a group of people in Seneca Falls, New York, the location of the first American womens rights convention, now known to historians as the 1848 Womens Rights Convention. ... Jamestown is a city in Chautauqua County, New York in the United States. ... This article is about the state. ... “TIME” redirects here. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... USPS and Usps redirect here. ... TV Guide is the name of two North American weekly magazines about television programming, one in the United States and one in Canada. ... TV Land Awards logo The TV Land Awards are American television awards that generally commemorate shows now off the air, rather than in current production as with awards such as the Emmys. ... For other persons named John Carson, see John Carson (disambiguation). ...

Short Subjects

  • Perfectly Mismated (1934)
  • Three Little Pigskins (1934)
  • His Old Flame (1935)
  • A Night at the Biltmore Bowl (1935)
  • Dummy Ache (1936)
  • Swing It (1936)
  • So and Sew (1936)
  • One Live Ghost (1936)
  • Screen Snapshots Series 18, No. 1 (1938)
  • Meet the Stars #6: Stars at Play (1941)
  • All About People (1967)

The Stooges trying to figure out how to play football Three Little Pigskins (1934) is the fourth of Columbia Pictures 190 short subjects starring the comedy team of the Three Stooges. ...

Radio appearances

Phil Baker (born August 26, 1896; died November 30, 1963) is best known as a popular American comedian and emcee on radio. ... My Favorite Husband was a radio program on CBS Radio. ...

References

  1. ^ [1] Time 100 Retrived on 07-19-2007]
  2. ^ Ball of Fire by Stefan Kanfer, Random House, Inc., 2003, pg. 10 ISBN 0-375-41315-4
  3. ^ Lucille Ball. Love, Lucy. ISBN 0425177319
  4. ^ "Biography of Lucille Ball". The Kennedy Center.
  5. ^ The Wonder Show Episode 3 Full stream of October 28 1938 episode of the Wonder Show Retrived on 03-1-2008
  6. ^ Lucy and The Wonder Show Retrived on 03-1-2008
  7. ^ http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/B/htmlB/balllucille/balllucille.htm Museum.tv Retrieved on 05-10-07
  8. ^ Howard Johns. Palm Springs Confidential: Playground of the Stars, Barricade Books, Fort Lee, NJ (2004). ISBN-13: 9781569802977 ISBN: 1569802971.
  9. ^ Howard Johns: Hollywood Celebrity Playground, Barricade Books, Fort Lee, NJ (2006). ISBN-13: 9781569803035 ISBN: 156980303X
  10. ^ Howard Johns: Hollywood Celebrity Playground, Barricade Books, Fort Lee, NJ (2006). ISBN-13: 9781569803035 ISBN: 156980303X
  11. ^ "Designing Women" The Women of Atlanta (1989)
  12. ^ http://www.medaloffreedom.com/LucilleBall.htm Medaloffreedom.com Retrieved on 05-10-07
  13. ^ http://www.wic.org/ Wic.org Retrieved on 05-10-07
  14. ^ http://www.greatwomen.org/ Greatwomen.org Retrieved on 05-10-07
  15. ^ http://www.designsmiths.net/lucilleball/index.html Designsmiths.net Retrieved on 05-10-07
  16. ^ 100 Most Important People of the Century, Time.com; Retrieved on 05-10-07
  17. ^ Legends of Hollywood stamps, USPS.com; Retrieved on 05-10-07
  18. ^ [http://www.tvguide.com/celebrities/lucille-ball/163025# ht t://www.tvguide.com/celebrities/lucille-ball/163025#] TVguide.com Retrieved on 05-10-07
  19. ^ http://archive.tivocommunity.com/tivo-vb/history/topic/56036-1.html Archive.tivecommunity.com Retrieved on 05-10-07
  20. ^ http://theenvelope.latimes.com/tv/la-env-tvland15apr15,0,2045170.story?coll=env-tv Theenvelope.latimes.com Retrieved on 05-10-07
  21. ^ Associated Press. "Carson tops list of 50 greatest TV icons", MSNBC, 16 November 2007. Retrieved on 2008-03-19. 

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Love, Lucy (1997) ISBN 0-425-17731-9
  • The Comic DNA of Lucille Ball: Interpreting the Icon by Michael Karol (2005) ISBN 0-595-37951-6
  • Lucy A to Z: The Lucille Ball Encyclopedia by Michael Karol (2004) ISBN 0-595-29761-7
  • The Lucille Ball Quiz Book by Michael Karol (2004) ISBN 0-595-31857-6
  • Lucy in Print by Michael Karol (2003) ISBN 0-595-29321-2
  • Desilu: The Story of Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz by Coyne Steven Sanders and Tom Gilbert (1993) ISBN 0-688-13514-5
  • Laughing With Lucy: My Life With America's Leading Lady of Comedy by Madelyn Pugh Davis with Bob Carroll Jr.(2005) ISBN -13; 978-1-57860-247-6
  • Ball of Fire: the tumultuous life and comic art of Lucille Ball by Stefan Kanfer (2003) ISBN 0-375-41315-4

Madelyn Pugh (born 1921), who is sometimes credited as Madelyn Pugh Davis, Madelyn Davis or Madelyn Martin [1], is a television writer who first became well known in the 1950s for her work on the I Love Lucy series. ... Robert Gordon Bob Carroll Jr. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Lucille Ball
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Lucille Ball
Awards
Preceded by
Red Skelton
Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award
1979
Succeeded by
Henry Fonda
Persondata
NAME Ball, Lucille Désirée
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Lucy
SHORT DESCRIPTION Actress
DATE OF BIRTH August 6, 1909(1909-08-06)
PLACE OF BIRTH Jamestown, New York
DATE OF DEATH April 26, 1989
PLACE OF DEATH Los Angeles, California
is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Jamestown is a city in Chautauqua County, New York in the United States. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lucille Ball (1830 words)
Lucille Désirée Ball was born 6 August 1911, in the small town of Celoron, New York, a suburb of Jamestown.
Ball auditioned and was hired as one of the twelve "Goldwyn Girls." It was a small part, that of a slave girl, and it would be many years after her work in B-pictures before she would achieve celebrity status, but Lucille Ball had found Hollywood.
Ball pressured the studio to cast Arnaz in the role of husband, a suggestion that met with strong opposition.
Lucille Ball: Biography and Much More from Answers.com (4458 words)
Ball's mother sent the girl to the Chautauqua Institution for piano lessons, but she was determined to pursue an acting career after watching the positive audience reaction given to vaudeville monologist Julius Tannen.
Ball, known as the "Queen of Comedy," was also responsible with her husband Desi Arnaz for the foundation of Desilu Studios, a pioneering studio in American television production in the 1950s and 60s.
Ball was born to Henry Durrell Ball (1887–1915) and Desiree "DeDe" Eve Hunt (1892–1977) in Jamestown, New York and grew up in the adjacent small town of Celoron, a suburb of Jamestown.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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