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Encyclopedia > Lucerne

Coordinates: 47°03′N, 8°18′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Coordinates: 47°03′N, 8°18′E Lucerne may be: // Places Switzerland Lucerne (in German Luzern), capital of the Canton of Lucerne on Lake Lucerne (in German: Vierwaldstätter See). ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Lucerne
Coat of Arms of Lucerne
Canton Lucerne
District Lucerne
Coordinates 47°03′N, 8°18′E
Population 57,890   (December 31, 2006)
Area 24.15 km² (9.3 sq mi)
Elevation 436 m (1,430 ft)
Postal code 6000
Mayor (list) Urs W. Studer
Surrounded by
(view map)
Adligenswil, Ebikon, Emmen, Horw, Kriens, Littau, Meggen
Twin towns Bournemouth (United Kingdom), Chicago (United States), Cieszyn (Poland), Guebwiller/Murbach (France), Olomouc (Czech Republic), Potsdam (Germany)
Website www.luzern.ch
Lucerne [zoom] (Switzerland)
Lucerne [zoom]
Another view across Lake Lucerne.
Another view across Lake Lucerne.

Lucerne (German: ) is a city in Switzerland. It is the capital of the Canton of Lucerne and seat of the district with the same name. With a population of 57,890[1], Lucerne is the most populous city in Central Switzerland and focal point of the region. The city's agglomeration consists of 17 municipalities in three cantons with an overall population of nearly 200,000[2]. Image File history File links Lucerne-coat_of_arms. ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... Lucerne (German Luzern) is a canton of Switzerland. ... In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each Canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. ... The District of Lucerne (German: Luzern) is an Amt (administrative district) of the Canton of Lucerne, Switzerland. ... This article is about longitude and latitude; see also UTM coordinate system Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (vertically) and longitude (horizontally); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Here are postal codes of Switzerland and Liechtenstein: Zone 1 1000s are found in Lausanne, Lavaux and parts of Morges, 1100s in parts of Morges, 1200s are in Geneva and parts of La Côte, Vaud, 1300s in La Vallée, 1500s are found in Clavaleyres, the 1700s are found... This is a list of mayors (Stadtpräsident) of Lucerne, Switzerland. ... The following is a list of the municipalities in Switzerland, listed alphabetically. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 654 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1181 × 1082 pixel, file size: 295 KB, MIME type: image/png) Municipality Luzern Artist: Tschubby File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Adligenswil is a municipality in the district of Lucerne in canton Lucerne in Switzerland. ... Ebikon is a municipality in the district of Lucerne, in the canton of Lucerne, Switzerland. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Horw is a municipality in the district of Lucerne, in the canton of Lucerne, Switzerland. ... Kriens is a Swiss municipality in the district of Lucerne, in canton Lucerne. ... Littau is a municipality in the district of Lucerne in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. ... Meggen is a municipality in the district of Lucerne, in the canton of Lucerne, Switzerland. ... This list includes twin towns/sister cites (Partnergemeinden, Partnerstädte, villes ou communes jumelles) in Switzerland linked by a sister city agreement (Städtepartnerschaft or Gemeindepartnerschaft; jumelage de villes) and towns linked by friendship agreements (Freundschaft or amitié). A few municipalities participating in projects arranged by the Swiss organizations Patenschaft... , Bournemouth is a large town and tourist resort, situated on the south coast of England. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Divided city. ... Guebwiller is a commune of the Haut-Rhin département, in eastern France. ... town hall with astronomical clock Olomouc (German Olmütz, Polish OÅ‚omuniec, Latin Eburum or Olomucium) is a city in Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic. ... Potsdam is the capital city of the federal state of Brandenburg in Germany. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1359x922, 341 KB) Switzerland Map drawn by Tschubby see also Karte_Schweiz_Details. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 654 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1181 × 1082 pixel, file size: 295 KB, MIME type: image/png) Municipality Luzern Artist: Tschubby File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 464 KB)View across Lake Lucerne, Lucerne, Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 464 KB)View across Lake Lucerne, Lucerne, Switzerland. ... Image File history File links De-Luzern. ... Lucerne (German Luzern) is a canton of Switzerland. ... The District of Lucerne (German: Luzern) is an Amt (administrative district) of the Canton of Lucerne, Switzerland. ... link titlelink titlelink titlelink titlelink titleCentral Switzerland is the region is geographically the heart and historically the origin of Switzerland, with the cantons of Uri, Schwyz, Obwalden, Nidwalden, Lucerne and Zug. ... In the study of human settlements, an agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs or adjacent satellite towns. ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ...


Due to its location on the shore of Lake Lucerne (Vierwaldstättersee) within sight of Mount Pilatus and Rigi, Lucerne is traditionally considered first and foremost as a tourist destination. One of the city's famous landmarks is Chapel Bridge (Kapellbrücke), a wooden bridge from the 14th Century. For other uses, see Lake Lucerne (disambiguation). ... Mount Pilatus is a mountain near Lucerne, Switzerland. ... Rigi is a mountain in central Switzerland and part of the Alps. ... The Kapellbrücke (Chapel Bridge in German), a 650 foot long bridge crossing the Reuss River, near Lucerne in Switzerland, is the oldest wooden bridge in Europe, and one of Switzerlands biggest attractions. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ...

Contents

History

Origins

The city grew from a small fishing village of ancient origins on the shores of Lake Lucerne with the founding of the Benedictine monastery of St. Leodegar in around AD 700. The Latin name "Luciaria" appears in historical records from around AD 840. For other uses, see Lake Lucerne (disambiguation). ... For the college, see Benedictine College. ... Monastery of St. ... Saint Leodegar or Leger, Bishop of Autun (c. ... // Events Saint Adamnan convinces 51 kings to adopt Cáin Adomnáin defining the relationship between women and priests. ...


Lucerne today

On June 17, 2007 voters of Lucerne and the adjacent municipality of Littau agreed on a merger in a simultaneously held referendum, becoming effective on January 1, 2010. The combined municipality will have a population of around 75,000, making it the seventh largest city in Switzerland, and keep the name and coat of arms of the city of Lucerne. The successful referendum is expected to pave the way for negotiations with other neighbouring municipalities in an effort to create a unified city-region, based on the results of a study[3].
Municipalities are the smallest government division in Switzerland. ... Littau is a municipality in the district of Lucerne in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ...


Sights

The river Reuss in the old part of Lucerne.
The river Reuss in the old part of Lucerne.
Wasserturm and Kapellbrücke - the town's two most famous landmarks
Wasserturm and Kapellbrücke - the town's two most famous landmarks
Chapel Bridge in summer

Since the city straddles the Reuss River where it drains the lake, it has a number of bridges. The most famous is the Chapel Bridge (Kapellbrücke), a 204 m (670 ft) long wooden bridge originally built in 1333, although much of it had to be replaced after a 1993 fire, allegedly caused by a group of smokers. Partway across, the bridge runs by the octagonal Water Tower (Wasserturm), a fortification from the 13th century. Inside the bridge are a series of paintings from the 17th century depicting events from Luzern's history. The Bridge with its Tower is the city's most famous landmark. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixel Image in higher resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixel Image in higher resolution (3008 × 2000 pixel, file size: 2. ... The River Reuss is one of the larger rivers in Switzerland. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Kapellbrücke and Wasserturm The Kapellbrücke (Chapel Bridge in German) is a 204 m (670 ft) long bridge crossing the Reuss River in the city of Lucerne in Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2176 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2176 pixel, file size: 1. ... The River Reuss is one of the larger rivers in Switzerland. ... Kapellbrücke and Wasserturm The Kapellbrücke (Chapel Bridge in German) is a 204 m (670 ft) long bridge crossing the Reuss River in the city of Lucerne in Switzerland. ... Events End of the Kamakura period and beginning of the Kemmu restoration in Japan. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ...


Downriver, between the Kasernenplatz and the Mühlenplatz, the Spreuerbrücke or Mill Bridge zigzags across the Reuss. Constructed in 1408, it is the oldest covered bridge in Europe and features a series of medieval-style 17th Century plague paintings by Kaspar Meglinger titled Dance of Death. Meglinger's paintings portray various conditions of men and women, priests and warriors, princes and men of learning, the young bride, the devout nun, the lawmaker, the hunter, the miller, even the artist himself, are all depicted at the mercy of Death, with his mocking smile and his ever-changing garb. These paintings, suitable for a Benedictine abbey, are seen by every inhabitant of beautiful Lucerne who crosses the river via the Spreuerbrücke. It has a small chapel in the middle that was added in 1568. This article is about the year. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... From The Dance of Death by Hans Holbein La Danse Macabre, also called Dance of death, La Danza Macabra, or Totentanz, is a late-medieval allegory on the universality of death: no matter ones station in life, the dance of death united all. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ...

A night view of Luzern across Vierwaldstättersee
A night view of Luzern across Vierwaldstättersee

Old Town Lucerne is located just north of the Reuss River, and still has several fine half-timber structures with painted fronts. Remnants of the old town walls exist on the hill above Lucerne, complete with eight tall watch towers. An additional gated tower sits at the base of the hill on the banks of the Reuss River. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 575 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A night view of Vierwaldstättersee. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 575 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A night view of Vierwaldstättersee. ... Lake Lucerne (German: Vierwaldstättersee, lit. ... Timber framing is the modern term for the traditional half-timbered construction in which timber provides a visible skeletal frame that supports the whole building. ...


The twin needle towers of the cathedral of St. Leodegar sit on a small hill just above the lakefront. Originally built in 735, the present structure was erected in 1633 in the late Renaissance style. However, the towers are surviving remnants of an earlier structure. The interior is richly decorated. The cathedral is popularly called the Hofkirche (German) and is known locally as the Hofchile (Swiss-German). For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... Events Abkhazia becomes independent, and will remain such until the 15th century Births Alcuin, missionary and bishop (approximate date) Deaths May 25 - Bede, English Historian and monk Categories: 735 ... Events February 13 - Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition. ... The Renaissance (French for rebirth, or Rinascimento in Italian), was a cultural movement in Italy (and in Europe in general) that began in the late Middle Ages, and spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century. ...

The Lion Monument
The Lion Monument

Bertel Thorvaldsen's famous carving of a dying lion (the Lion Monument, or Löwendenkmal) is found in a small park just off Lowenplatz. The carving commemorates the hundreds of Swiss Guards who were massacred in 1792 during the French Revolution, when the mob stormed the Tuileries Palace in Paris. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 1. ... Bertel Thorvaldsen. ... Swiss Guards have been Swiss who fought for various European powers from the 15th century until the 19th century, called up from the separate Swiss cantons and placed at the disposal of various foreign powers by treaties (the capitulations), in return for money payments. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... A throng of people returning from a show of fireworks spill in to the street stopping traffic at the intersection of Fulton Street and Gold Street in Lower Manhattan. ... Tuileries Palace before 1871 - View from the Louvre courtyard The Tuileries Palace stood in Paris, France, on the right bank of the River Seine until 1871, when it was destroyed. ... This article is about the capital of France. ...


The Swiss Transport Museum is a large and comprehensive museum exhibiting all forms of transport, including locomotives, automobiles, ships, and aircraft. The Swiss Transport Museum or Verkehrshaus der Schweiz, in Lucerne, is a museum exhibiting all forms of transportation (including locomotives, automobiles, ships, and aircraft) as well as communications. ... Great Western Railway No. ... “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ... Italian Full rigged ship Amerigo Vespucci in New York Harbor, 1976 A ship is a large watercraft capable of offshore navigation. ... Look up aircraft in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The Culture and Convention Center Lucerne beside the lake in the center of the city was designed by Jean Nouvel. The center has one of the world's leading concert halls, with acoustics by Russell Johnson. Jean Nouvel (born August 12, 1945) is a French architect. ...


Culture & Entertainment

Events

The city hosts the Lucerne Festival for classical music each year in late summer. Its orchestra, the Lucerne Festival Orchestra is hand-picked from some of the finest instrumentalists in the world. Lucerne has also hosted the Festival Rose d'Or in the spring since 2004. Each July Lucerne hosts the Blue Balls Festival, consisting of jazz, blues and funk music. The Lucerne Festival Orchestra is an ad hoc ensemble of musicians, formed by conductor Claudio Abbado. ... The Rose dOr (or Golden Rose) is a highly prestigious television award, given annually since 1961 at the Festival Rose dOr in spring each year. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Blue Balls Festival is an annual music festival held in Lucerne, Switzerland. ...


Sports

There are several football (soccer) clubs throughout the city. The most successful one is FC Luzern of the Swiss Super League. The club plays its home matches at Allmend stadium, an outdated 13.000-capacity field in the south of the city. There are plans for a modern football arena combined with an indoor swimming pool and public sports facilities. The complex is not expected to be ready before 2009. A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... FC Lucerne is a Swiss football club, founded in 1901. ... The Swiss Super League or Axpo Super League is the top tier of the Swiss Football League. ... Stadion Allmend is a multi-use stadium in Lucerne, Switzerland. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the past, Lucerne also produced national successes in men's handball and women's volleyball. Handball player leaps towards the goal prior to throwing the ball, while the goalkeeper extends himself trying to stop it. ... Volleyball is an Olympic sport in which two teams separated by a high net use their hands, arms or (rarely) other parts of their bodies to hit a ball back and forth over the net. ...


Having a long tradition of equestrian sports, Lucerne has co-hosted CSIO Switzerland, an international equestrian show jumping event, until it left entirely for St. Gallen in 2006. Since then, the Lucerne Equestrian Masters took its place. There is also an annual horse racing event, usually taking place in August. A young rider at a horse show in Australia. ... Show jumping is a form of competition in which horses are jumped over a course of fences, low walls, and other obstacles (e. ... St. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Horse-racing is an equestrian sporting activity which has been practiced over the centuries; the chariot races of Roman times were an early example, as was the contest of the steeds of the god Odin and the giant Hrungnir in Norse mythology. ...


Lucerne annually hosts the final leg of the Rowing World Cup on Rotsee Lake, and has hosted numerous World Rowing Championships, among others the first ever in 1962. Lucerne is also bidding for the 2011 issue. The Rowing World Cup is an international rowing competition organised by FISA (the International Rowing Federation). ... The Rotsee (Die Ruderwelt in German) is a rowing lake on the northern edge of Lucerne, Switzerland. ... The World Rowing Championships is an international rowing regatta organised by FISA (the International Rowing Federation). ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2011 (MMXI) will be a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The city also provides facilities for ice-hockey, figure-skating and swimming. Two defencemen and a goaltender guard their goal. ... Figure skaters Aliona Savchenko and Robin Szolkowy Figure skating is a sport in which individuals, couples, or groups perform spins, jumps, and other moves on ice. ... This article concentrates on human swimming. ...


Transport

Luzern boasts a developed and well-run transport network, with the main operator being VBL which runs both buses and trolleybuses in the city. Other operators, such as Auto AG Rothenberg provide bus services to the neighbouring towns and villages. The city enjoys excellent links to the rest of Switzerland, with rail services operated by SBB and Zentralbahn. Verkehrsbetriebe Luzern (VBL) is the main provider of public transport in the Swiss city of Luzern. ... This article is about the form of transport. ... A trolleybus in Arnhem An electric trolleybus (also known as trolley bus or trackless trolley or simply trolley) is a bus powered by two overhead electric wires, from which the bus draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... Auto AG (Rothenberg) is a subsidary of the Swiss haulage company Auto AG, which operates bus services linking the Swiss city of Luzern with its surrounding towns and villages. ... For other uses, see Bus (disambiguation). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Locomotive of the SBB-CFF-FFS Swiss Federal Railways (SBB-CFF-FFS) is the national railway company of Switzerland. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...


Sister cities

Lucerne is twinned with the following towns: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... , Bournemouth is a large town and tourist resort, situated on the south coast of England. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Divided city. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Guebwiller is a commune of the Haut-Rhin département, in eastern France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... town hall with astronomical clock Olomouc (German Olmütz, Polish OÅ‚omuniec, Latin Eburum or Olomucium) is a city in Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Potsdam is the capital city of the federal state of Brandenburg in Germany. ...

See also

This is a list of mayors (Stadtpräsident) of Lucerne, Switzerland. ...

References

  1. ^ Annual Population Figures January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2006 (Microsoft Excel) (German) Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved on August 30, 2007.
  2. ^ List of agglomerations and isolated cities in Switzerland, 2000 (Microsoft Excel) (German) Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved on August 30, 2007.
  3. ^ Grundlagenstudie 'Starke Stadtregion Luzern' January 4, 2007 (PDF) (German)

External links

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Lucerne took the leading part in the conflict, notably at the Battle of Kappel, which strengthened the position of the Catholic Church in Switzerland, under her burgomasters, Hug and Golder.
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Drained by the Reuss and Kleine Emme rivers, Lucerne is mainly an agricultural and pastoral region, with orchards and large forested areas.
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The noted monument, the Lion of Lucerne, designed by A. Thorvaldsen, was erected (1820–21) in memory of the Swiss Guards killed in Paris in 1792.
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