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Encyclopedia > Lubyanka Square
Stalin ordered all the historic Lubyanka churches to be demolished in order to highlight the dominant position of the NKVD headquarters.
Stalin ordered all the historic Lubyanka churches to be demolished in order to highlight the dominant position of the NKVD headquarters.

Lubyanka Square in Moscow is not far from Red Square. The name is first mentioned in 1480, when Ivan III settled many Novgorodians in the area. They built the church of St Sophia, modelled after St Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod, and called the area Lubyanka after Lubyanitsy district of their native city. View of the Lubyanka Square in 1916, as painted by Yuon. ... View of the Lubyanka Square in 1916, as painted by Yuon. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი; see Other names section) (December 21, 1879[1] – March 5, 1953) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and leader of the Soviet Union. ... A church building (or simply church) is a building used in Christian worship. ... The NKVD (Narodnyi Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del )(Russian: НКВД, Народный комиссариат внутренних дел) or Peoples Commisariat for Internal Affairs was a government department which handled a number of the Soviet Unions affairs of state. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Saint Basils Cathedral and Spasskaya Tower of Moscow Kremlin at Red Square in Moscow. ... Albus rex Ivan III Ivan III Vasilevich (Иван III Васильевич) (January 22, 1440 - October 27, 1505), also known as Ivan the Great, was a grand duke of Muscovy who first adopted a more pretentious title of the grand duke of all the Russias. Sometimes referred to as the gatherer of... Velikiy Novgorod (Russian: ) is the foremost historic city of North-Western Russia, situated on the M10(E95) federal highway connecting Moscow and St. ... , St Sophia is the focal point of Novgorod Kremlin. ...

Lubyanka Square is best known for Alexey Shchusev's large yellow brick building which has been the headquarters of the KGB in its various incarnations. The square was renamed Dzerzhinsky Square for many years, in honor of the founder of the Soviet security service, Felix Dzerzhinsky, nicknamed Iron Felix. Vuchetich's monumental statue of Dzerzhinsky was erected in the center of the square. Alexey Viktorovich Shchusev (Russian: ) (September 26, 1873, Kishinev—May 24, 1949, Moscow) was an acclaimed Russian architect whose works may be regarded as a bridge connecting Revivalist architecture of Imperial Russia with Stalins Empire Style. ... The Lubyanka is the popular name for the headquarters of the KGB and affiliated prison on Lubyanka Square in Moscow. ... Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (Polish: Feliks Dzierżyński, Russian: Феликс Эдмундович Дзержинский, Belarusian language Фелікс Эдмундавіч Дзяржынскі; September 11 [O.S. August 30] 1877 –July 20, 1926) was a Communist revolutionary, famous as the founder of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka, later known by many names during the history of the Soviet... Let Us Beat Swords into Plowshares, by Evgeniy Vuchetich, 1957, bronze Yevgeny Viktorovich Vuchetich (December 28 (December 15 (O.S.)), 1908— 1974) (Russian: ) was a prominent sculptor and artist of the Soviet Union, Hero of Socialist Labor (1967), Peoples Artist of the USSR (1959), known for his heroic monuments...

On October 30, 1990, the organization Memorial erected a monument to the victims of the Gulag, a simple stone from Solovki. In 1991 the statue of Dzerzhinsky was removed, following the failure of the coup against Mikhail Gorbachev, and the square's original name was officially restored. October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ... Memorial (Russian: Мемориал) is an international historical and civil rights society that operates in a number of post-USSR states with the following missions stated in its charter: To promote mature civil society and democracy based on the rule of law and thus to prevent a return to totalitarianism; To assist... Gulag ( , Russian: ) is an acronym for Главное Управление Исправительно—Трудовых Лагерей и колоний, Glavnoye Upravleniye Ispravitelno-trudovykh Lagerey i kolonii, The Chief Directorate [or Administration] of Corrective Labour Camps and Colonies of the NKVD. Anne Applebaum, in her book Gulag: A History, explains: Literally, the word GULAG is an acronym, meaning Glavnoe Upravlenie Lagerei, or Main Camp... Solovki is located in the Solovetsky Islands, White Sea, Russia. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... (Russian: , Mihail Sergeevič Gorbačëv, IPA: , commonly anglicized as Gorbachev; born March 2, 1931) was leader of the Soviet Union from 1985 until 1991. ...

The Moscow Metro station Lubyanka is located under Lubyanka Square. A current map of the Moscow Metro. ... edit Lubyanka (Лубянка) is a Metro station in Moscow, named for the nearby headquarters of the KGB. It is part of the Sokolnicheskaya Line and opened in 1935, though a substantial remodeling in the 1970s left it looking completely different. ...



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