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Encyclopedia > Lubyanka (KGB)

The Lubyanka is the popular name for the headquarters of the KGB and affiliated prison on Lubyanka Square in Moscow. It is a large building with a facade of yellow brick, designed by Alexander V. Ivanov in 1897 and augmented by Aleksey Shchusev in 1940-1947. The KGB emblem and motto: The sword and the shield KGB (transliteration of КГБ) is the Russian-language abbreviation for State Security Committee, (Russian: ; Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti). ... Stalin ordered all the historic Lubyanka churches to be demolished in order to make way for the KGB headquarters Lubyanka Square in Moscow is not far from Red Square. ... Aleksey Viktorovich Shchusev (Russian: ) (September 26, 1873, Chisinau, now in Republic of Moldova - May 24, 1949, Moscow) was an acclaimed Russian architect whose works may be regarded as a bridge connecting Revivalist architecture of Imperial Russia with Stalins Empire Style. ...

A joke from the Soviet period is that the Lubyanka had a great view. From there one could see Siberia.
A joke from the Soviet period is that the Lubyanka had a great view. From there one could see Siberia.

The Lubyanka was originally built in 1898 as the Neo-Baroque headquarters of the All-Russia Insurance Company, noted for its beautiful parquet floors and pale green walls. Denying its massiveness, the edifice avoids an impression of heroic scale: isolated Palladian and Baroque details, such as the minute pediments over the corner bays and the central loggia, are lost in an endlessly-repeating classicizing palace facade, where three bands of cornices emphasize the horizontal lines. A clock is centered in the uppermost band of the facade. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2145x1226, 182 KB) Summary Title {{{KGB House Main. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2145x1226, 182 KB) Summary Title {{{KGB House Main. ... Siberia is also an album by Echo & The Bunnymen. ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The foyer of the Paris Opera, built by Charles Garnier Neo-baroque is a term used to describe artistic creations which display important aspects of Baroque style, but are not from the Baroque period proper. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Palladian architecture is a European style of architecture derived from the designs of the Italian architect Andrea Palladio (1508–1580). ... Villa Godi by Palladio. ...


Following the Bolshevik Revolution, the structure was seized by the government for the headquarters of the secret police, then called the Cheka. During the Great Purge, the offices became increasingly cramped due to staff numbers. In 1940, the most famous Soviet architect, Shchusev, was commissioned to double its size by adding another storey and engulfing backstreet buildings. Schusev's design accenuated Neo-Renaissance detailing, but only the left part of the facade was reconstructed under his direction in the 1940s, due to the war and other hindrances. This asymmetrical facade survived intact until 1983, when the symmetry was restored at the urging of Yuri Andropov in accordance with Shchusev's plans. The October Revolution, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution, was the second phase of the Russian Revolution, the first having been instigated by the events around the February Revolution. ... Cheka-KGB emblem: sword and shield The Cheka (ЧК - чрезвычайная комиссия) was the first of many Soviet secret police organizations, created by decree on December 20, 1917 by Vladimir Lenin and led by Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky. ... The Great Purge (Russian: ) is the name given to campaigns of political repression and persecution in the Soviet Union during the late 1930s. ... Château de Ferrières 1855 Mentmore Towers English Neo-Renaissance of the 1850s. ... Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov (Russian: Ю́рий Влади́мирович Андро́пов; 15 June [O.S. 2 June] 1914 – February 9, 1984) was a Soviet politician and General Secretary of the CPSU from November 12, 1982 until his death just sixteen months later. ...


Although the Soviet secret police changed its name many times, its headquarters remained in this building. Secret police chiefs from Lavrenty Beria to Yuri Andropov used the same office on the third floor, which looked down on the statue of Cheka founder Felix Dzerzhinsky. A prison at the ground floor of the building figures prominently in Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn's classic study of the Soviet police state, The Gulag Archipelago. Famous inmates held, tortured and interrogated there include Raoul Wallenberg and Father Walter Ciszek, S.J. Lavrenty Beria Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria (Georgian: ლავრენტი ბერია; Russian: Лаврентий Павлович Берия; (29 March 1899 – 23 December 1953), was a Soviet politician and chief of the Soviet security and police apparatus. ... Cheka-KGB emblem: sword and shield The Cheka (ЧК - чрезвычайная комиссия) was the first of many Soviet secret police organizations, created by decree on December 20, 1917 by Vladimir Lenin and led by Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky. ... Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (Polish: Feliks Dzierżyński, Russian: Феликс Эдмундович Дзержинский, Belarusian language Фелікс Эдмундавіч Дзяржынскі; September 11 [O.S. August 30] 1877 –July 20, 1926) was a Communist revolutionary, famous as the founder of the Bolshevik secret police, the Cheka, later known by many names during the history of the Soviet... Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn (Russian: ; born in Kislovodsk, Russia, on December 11, 1918) is a Russian novelist, dramatist and historian. ... The Gulag Archipelago The Gulag Archipelago, probably the most powerful and influential account of the Soviet prison system, is a three volume series written by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn based on extensive research, as well as his own experiences as a prisoner in a GULAG labor camp. ... Raoul Wallenberg (1912-1947) in passport photo from June 1944 Memorial to Raoul Wallenberg in Great Cumberland Place, London USPS Wallenberg Stamp, 1997 Memorial to Wallenberg in Budapest, Hungary (August 4, 1912 – July 16, 1947 (unconfirmed)) was a Swedish diplomat and a member of the influential Wallenberg family. ... Rev. ...


After the dissolution of the KGB, the Lubyanka became the headquarters of the Border Guards, and housed one directorate of the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (FSB). In addition a museum of the KGB was opened to the public. On November 11, 1999 a fire broke out in the Lubyanka. Four FSB agents were injured, but damage was relatively mild. The fire was later traced to faulty wiring. The Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (Федера́льная слу́жба безопа́сности Росси́йской Федера́ции or ФСБ, Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti Rossiyskoy Federatsii, FSB) is a state security organisation in Russia, the successor to the KGB by way of the FSK (Federalnaya Sluzhba Kontrrazvedki (Федера́льная Слу́жба Контрразве́дки), Federal Counterintelligence Service). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lubyanka (KGB) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (435 words)
The Lubyanka is the popular name for the headquarters of the KGB and affiliated prison on Lubyanka Square in Moscow.
The Lubyanka was originally built in 1898 as the Neo-Baroque headquarters of the All-Russia Insurance Company, noted for its beautiful parquet floors and pale green walls.
Denying its massiveness, the edifice avoids an impression of heroic scale: isolated Palladian and Baroque details, such as the minute pediments over the corner bays and the central loggia, are lost in an endlessly-repeating classicizing palace facade, where three bands of cornices emphasize the horizontal lines.
TRIUMPH OF THE KGB (1334 words)
The former President of Russia, Boris Yeltsin, who used to be an active opponent of Lubyanka’s heroes, failed to recommend to the country any good successor and let the KGB into the Kremlin at the end of his governing.
The difference is that the KGB officers have learnt to better cope with the nation by using force than the party bosses.
His bronze monument is not yet in Lubyanka Square, but his figure and his deeds are in the hearts of many thousands of his citizens – old and young – and in the portraits in the offices of the secret services and in the curriculum of the Cheka schools.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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