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Encyclopedia > Lubbock, Texas
City of Lubbock
Official flag of City of Lubbock
Flag
Official seal of City of Lubbock
Seal
Nickname: Hub City
Motto: The Giant Side of Texas
Location within the state of Texas
Location within the state of Texas
Coordinates: 33°33′53″N 101°52′40″W / 33.56472, -101.87778
Country United States
State Texas
County Lubbock
Government
 - Mayor David Miller
Area
 - City  114.9 sq mi (297.6 km²)
 - Land  114.8 sq mi (297.4 km²)
 - Water  0.1 sq mi (0.3 km²)
Elevation  3,202 ft (992.4 m)
Population (2004)
 - City 209,737
 - Density 1,825.2/sq mi (704.7/km²)
 - Metro 257,663
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 806
FIPS code 48-45000GR2
GNIS feature ID 1374760GR3
Website: www.ci.lubbock.tx.us

Lubbock is the 10th-largest city in the state of Texas.[1] Located in the northwestern part of the state—a region known historically as the Llano Estacado—it is the county seat of Lubbock County. According to an estimate by the U.S. Census in 2005, the city population was 209,737. The Lubbock metropolitan area, however, has a population of 257,663. Lubbock can refer to: A city and county in Texas and terms related to them Lubbock, Texas (the city) or Lubbock County, Texas (the county) Lubbock Preston Smith International Airport Lubbock Christian University Lubbock High School Lubbock Municipal Coliseum Lubbock Lake Landmark the Lubbock Tornado, an F5 tornado that occurred... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 187 KB) Summary Downtown Lubbock taken from I-27 on 2005-09-10. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lubbock,_Texas. ... Image File history File links Lubbock_tx_city_logo. ... // A nickname is a name of a person or thing other than its proper name. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Adapted from Wikipedias TX county maps by Seth Ilys. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Index: Contents: Top - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Anderson County formed in 1846 from part of Houston County. ... Lubbock County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... David Miller could refer to any of the following: David Miller (architect), University of Washington, Seattle Professor, FAIA David Miller (Canadian politician), mayor of Toronto David Miller (darts player), an American professional darts player David Miller (director), film director David Miller (editor), British writer and journalist Dave Miller (Mozilla), American... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... North American area code 806 is a state of Texas telephone area code for numbers near the cities of Amarillo and Lubbock. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... The dry plains of West Texas, have often been divided up into tracks of land divided by barbed wire fences. ... Shaded Relief Image of the Llano Estacado Llano Estacado (or Staked Plains) is a region in the southwestern United States that encompasses parts of eastern New Mexico and northwestern Texas. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Lubbock County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... The U.S. Census is mandated by the United States Constitution. ... Map of Texas highlighting the Lubbock metropolitan area. ...


Lubbock's nickname is the "Hub City" which derives from being the economy, education, and health care hub of a multi-county region commonly called the South Plains.[2] The area is the largest contiguous cotton-growing region in the world and is heavily dependent on irrigation water drawn from the Ogallala Aquifer. Region in West Texas comprising the area north of the Caprock Escarpment on the Llano Estacado, and extending north into the Texas Panhandle. ... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil usually for assisting in growing crops. ... The Ogallala aquifer underlies portions of eight states. ...


Lubbock is pronounced "LUB uck", with the ə sound in both syllables.[3]

Contents

History

The county of Lubbock was founded in 1876, named after Thomas Saltus Lubbock, a Confederate colonel and founder of the Texas Rangers. As early as 1884, a federal post office named Lubbock existed in Yellowhouse Canyon. However, the town of Lubbock was not founded until 1890, when it was formed from a unique merger arrangement between two smaller towns, "Old Lubbock" and Monterey. The terms of the compromise included keeping the Lubbock name but the Monterey townsite, so the previous Old Lubbock residents relocated South to the Monterey location, including putting Old Lubbock's Nicolette Hotel on rollers and pulling it across a canyon to its new home. (Monterey would later become the name of one of Lubbock's high schools.) Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Thomas (some sources say Thompson) Saltus Lubbock (November 29, 1817-January 1862) was a Texas Ranger and soldier in the Confederate army during the American Civil War. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Religion... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... For other uses, see Texas Rangers. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ...


In 1891 Lubbock became the county seat and in 1909 was reincorporated as a city. Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Texas Technological College (now Texas Tech University) was founded in 1923. Its medical school, the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, was added in 1970. Texas Tech University redirects here. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Texas Tech University School of Medicine was created by the 61st Texas Legislature in May, 1969 as a multi-campus institution with Lubbock as the administrative center and with regional campuses at Amarillo, El Paso, and Odessa. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In August 1951, a v-shaped formation of lights was seen over the city. The "Lubbock Lights" series of sightings received national publicity and is regarded as one of the first great UFO cases. The sightings were considered credible because they were witnessed by several respected science professors at Texas Technological College and were photographed by a Texas Tech student. The photographs were reprinted nationwide in newspapers and in LIFE magazine. Project Blue Book, the US Air Force's official study of the UFO mystery, did an extensive investigation of the Lubbock Lights. They concluded that the photographs were not a hoax and showed genuine objects. However, they did dismiss the UFOs themselves as being either "night-flying moths" or a type of bird called a plover. The Air Force argued that the underside of the plovers or moths was reflected in the glow of Lubbock's new street lights at night. However, other researchers have disputed these explanations, and for many the "Lubbock Lights" remain a mystery. Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The lights can be seen in this image published by the Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. ... UFO can mean: Unidentified flying object United Future Organization, a Japanese-Brazilian electronic jazz band UFO, the rock band that previously featured Michael Schenker UFO, the Gerry Anderson TV series United Farmers of Ontario, a political party that formed the government in Ontario from 1919 to 1923 U.F.O... For other uses, see Life (disambiguation). ... Project Blue Book was one of a series of systematic studies of Unidentified flying objects (UFOs) conducted by the United States Air Force. ... Genera Pluvialis Charadrius Thinornis Elseyornis Peltohyas Anarhynchus Phegornis Oreopholus Plovers are a widely distributed group of wading birds belonging to the subfamily Charadriinae. ...


Lubbock Christian University was founded in 1957. Lubbock Christian University Lubbock Christian University is located in Lubbock, Texas, in the United States. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ...


On May 11, 1970 the Lubbock Tornado struck the city killing 26 people and doing about $125 million damage. Downtown's NTS Tower, then known as the Great Plains Life Building, is, at 271 feet in height, believed to be the tallest building ever to survive a direct hit from an F-5 tornado.[4] is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Lubbock Tornado was an F5 tornado that occurred in Lubbock, Texas on May 11, 1970. ...


Work at the Lubbock Lake Landmark, an archaeological and natural history preserve at the northern edge of the city, provides evidence of almost twelve thousand years of human occupation in the region. Lubbock Lake Landmark is an important archeological site and natural history preserve in the city of Lubbock, Texas. ... For the magazine about archaeology, see Archaeology (magazine). ... Table of natural history, 1728 Cyclopaedia Natural history is an umbrella term for what are now often viewed as several distinct scientific disciplines of integrative organismal biology. ...


Geography and climate

Lubbock is located at 33°33′53″N, 101°52′40″W (33.564735, -101.877793).GR1 The average elevation is 3,256 feet above sea level.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 297.6 km² (114.9 mi²). 297.4 km² (114.8 mi²) of it is land and 0.3 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (0.09%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Lubbock has a mild, windy, semi-arid climate and Dust storms are not uncommon during dry spells.[5] On average, Lubbock receives 18.7 inches (475 mm) of rain per year, with most of the precipitation coming in summer in the form of thunderstorms. Summers in Lubbock are hot, typically with low relative humidity, although often winds will bring humidity in from the Gulf of Mexico. Average high temperatures are at or above 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius) in June, July, and August. Temperatures above 100°F (38°C) are common, and the highest recorded temperature was 114°F in 1994.[6] Winter days in Lubbock are typically sunny and relatively mild, but nights are cold, and temperatures below freezing are not uncommon. Winter winds can make cold weather a lot more uncomfortable. The average annual snowfall is 9.6 inches (244 mm). Semi-arid generally describes regions that receive low annual rainfall (25 to 50 cm /10 to 20 in) and generally have scrub or grass vegetation. ... “Sandstorm” redirects here. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial unit of length. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... A rolling thundercloud over Enschede, The Netherlands. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... Winter is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. ...

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high °FC) 52 (11) 58 (14) 66 (19) 75 (24) 83 (28) 90 (32) 92 (33) 90 (32) 83 (28) 74 (23) 62 (17) 53 (12) 73 (23)
Rec high °FC) (year) 87 (31) (1914) 89 (32) (1918) 95 (35) (1989) 100 (38) (1989) 109 (43) (2000) 114 (46) (1994) 109 (43) (1940) 107 (42) (1944) 105 (41) (1930) 100 (38) (2000) 89 (32) (1916) 83 (28) (1939) 114 (46) (1994)
Avg low °F (°C) 24 (-4) 29 (-2) 36 (2) 45 (7) 56 (13) 64 (18) 68 (20) 66 (19) 58 (14) 47 (8) 35 (2) 26 (-3) 46 (8)
Rec low °F (°C) (year) -16 (-27) (1963) -17 (-27) (1933) -2 (-19) (1922) 18 (-8) (1920) 29 (-2) (1917) 39 (4) (1917) 49 (9) (1915) 43 (6) (1915) 33 (1) (1983) 18 (-8) (1993) -1 (-18) (1957) -2 (-19) (1989) -17 (-27) (1933)
Rainfall in (mm) 0.50 (13) 0.71 (18) 0.76 (19) 1.29 (33) 2.31 (59) 2.98 (76) 2.13 (54) 2.36 (60) 2.57 (65) 1.70 (43) 0.71 (18) 0.67 (17) 18.7 (475)

For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale (previously known as the centigrade scale). ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...

Law and government

Lubbock has a council-manager government system, with all governmental powers resting in a legislative body called a city council. The current mayor of Lubbock, elected May 13, 2006, is David Miller. The council-manager government is one of two main variations of representative municipal government in the United States. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Lubbock County and the City of Lubbock have an unusual legal situation regarding the sale of alcoholic beverages. The county allows package sales but not "by the drink" sales except at private institutions such as country clubs. Inside the Lubbock city limits, the situation is reversed with restaurants and bars able to serve alcohol but liquor stores forbidden. Lubbock remained legally dry until an election on April 9, 1972, made liquor by the drink, but not package sales, legal, and Lubbock abandoned its distinction as the largest dry city in the country.[7] A privately owned conglomeration of liquor stores (the "strip") is located just outside of the city limit on U.S. Highway 87. Alcoholic beverages. ... A country club is a private club that offers a variety of recreational sports facilities to its members. ...


On November 21, 2006, the Lubbock City Council voted 5-1 to annex "the strip", making package alcohol sales legal within the city limits. There exist, however, significant barriers to entry for stores outside "the strip" area to sell packaged alcohol. The new annexation will contribute a sales tax of 1.5%, or 10 cents for every 7 dollars, to the city. Due to state law, liquor sales will be limited to the newly annexed area. is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Economy

Lubbock's area is the largest contiguous cotton-growing region in the world and is heavily dependent on irrigation water drawn from the Ogallala Aquifer.[8] Unfortunately, the water is being depleted at a rate which is not sustainable for the long term. Much progress has been made in the area of water conservation and new technologies such as Low Energy Precision Application (LEPA) irrigation were originally developed in the Lubbock area. For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil usually for assisting in growing crops. ... The Ogallala aquifer underlies portions of eight states. ... It has been suggested that Small-scale agriculture be merged into this article or section. ... Water conservation refers to reducing use of fresh water, through technological or social methods. ...


The ten largest employers in terms of the number of employees are: Texas Tech University, Covenant Health Systems, Lubbock Independent School District, University Medical Center, United Supermarkets, City of Lubbock, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Cingular, Convergys, and Lubbock County. Texas Tech University redirects here. ... Lubbock Independent School District is a public school district based in Lubbock, Texas (USA). ... United Supermarkets is a Lubbock, Texas based supermarket chain founded in Oklahoma in 1916. ... The Texas Tech University School of Medicine was created by the 61st Texas Legislature in May, 1969 as a multi-campus institution with Lubbock as the administrative center and with regional campuses at Amarillo, El Paso, and Odessa. ... “AT&T Wireless” redirects here. ... Convergys (NYSE: CVG) is a multi-national corporation that provides outsourced business consulting, billing, customer care, employee care, and transaction management software. ... Lubbock County is a county located in the state of Texas. ...


Lubbock has one shopping mall, South Plains Mall, which includes two Dillard's, Mervyn's, JC Penney, Sears, and Beall's. South Plains Mall is a 1. ... This article is about a department store chain. ... Mervyns is a neighborhood department store based in Hayward, California. ... J. C. Penney Company, Inc. ... Sears, Roebuck and Company is an American mid-range chain of international department stores, founded by Richard Sears and Alvah Roebuck in the late 19th century. ... Stage Stores, Inc. ...


As of March 2007, there are 4 Walmart Supercenters in the city, with two being recently completed. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 199,564 people, 77,527 households, and 48,531 families residing in the city. The population density was 671.1/km² (1,738.2/mi²). There were 84,066 housing units at an average density of 282.7/km² (732.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.87% White, 8.66% African American, 0.56% Native American, 1.54% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 14.32% from other races, and 2.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.45% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There are 77,527 households, of which 30.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% are classified as non-families by the United States Census Bureau. Of 77,527 households, 3,249 are unmarried partner households: 2,802 heterosexual, 196 same-sex male, and 251 same-sex female households. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.07. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 17.9% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $31,844, and the median income for a family was $41,418. Males had a median income of $30,222 versus $21,708 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,511. About 12.0% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.9% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


People and culture

Lubbock is the birthplace of Rock and Roll legend Buddy Holly and features a cultural center named for him. The city previous hosted an annual Buddy Holly Music Festival. However, the event was renamed Lubbock Music Festival after Holly's widow increased usage fees for his name.[9] Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... For the Weezer song, see Buddy Holly (song). ...


The city has also been the birthplace or home of several country musicians including Jimmie Dale Gilmore, Butch Hancock and Joe Ely (collectively known as The Flatlanders), Mac Davis, Terry Allen, Lloyd Maines and his daughter Natalie Maines (singer for the Dixie Chicks), Texas Tech graduate Pat Green, and Coronado High School graduate Richie McDonald (lead singer of Lonestar until 2007). This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Jimmie Dale Gilmore(r) and Colin Gilmore at Deep Eddy Pool in Austin, Texas, June 2004. ... Butch Hancock is a country music recording artist and song writer. ... Joe Ely (born February 9, 1947) is an Austin, Texas honky-tonk/country musician. ... The Flatlanders are a country band from Lubbock, Texas founded by Jimmie Dale Gilmore, Joe Ely, and Butch Hancock. ... Mac Davis (born Scott Davis, January 21, 1942, in Lubbock, Texas) is a country music singer and songwriter, who has enjoyed much pop music crossover success. ... Terry Allen (b. ... Lloyd Maines (born June 28, 1951) is a country music musician and producer. ... Natalie Louise Maines (born October 14, 1974) is a Grammy Award winning singer and songwriter who achieved success as the lead vocalist for the female country music band Dixie Chicks. ... The Dixie Chicks are a country/rock music trio from the United States comprising Emily Robison, Martie Maguire and Natalie Maines. ... Texas Tech University redirects here. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Coronado High School is the second newest high school in the Lubbock Independent School District. ... For other uses, see Lonestar (disambiguation). ...


The National Cowboy Symposium and Celebration, an annual event celebrating the prototypical Old West cowboy, takes place in Lubbock. The event is held in September and features art, music, cowboy poetry, stories, and the presentation of scholarly papers on cowboy culture and the history of the American West. A chuckwagon cookoff and horse parade also take place during the event. The cowboy, the quintessential symbol of the American Old West, circa 1887. ... For other uses, see Cowboy (disambiguation). ... Cowboy poetry is a form of poetry that focuses on the culture, features and lifestyle of the West, both the Old West and its modern equivalents. ... The Western United States, also referred to as the American West or simply The West, traditionally refers to the region constituting the westernmost states of the United States (see geographical terminology section for further discussion of these terms). ... A chuckwagon was originally a wagon that carried food and cooking equipment on the prairies of the United States and perhaps Canada. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ...


Every year on July 4, Lubbock hosts the 4th on Broadway event, an Independence Day festival. The event is entirely free to the public, and is considered the largest free festival in Texas. The day's activities usually include a morning parade, a street fair along Broadway Avenue with food stalls and live bands, the Early Settlers' Luncheon, and an evening concert/fireworks program. Broadway Festivals Inc., the non-profit corporation which organizes the event, estimates a 2004 attendance of over 175,000 people. is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... In the United States, Independence Day (commonly known as the “Fourth of July,” “July Fourth”, the “Glorious Fourth”, or simply the “Fourth”) is a federal holiday commemorating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, declaring independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain. ... For other uses, see Festival (disambiguation). ... A non-profit organization (often called non-profit org or simply non-profit or not-for-profit) is an organization whose primary objective is something other than the generation of profit. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Lubbock's main newspaper is the Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, which is owned by Morris Communications. Texas Tech University publishes a student-run daily newspaper called, The Daily Toreador. Lubbock Avalanche-Journal is a newspaper based in Lubbock, Texas, U.S.. It is owned by the Morris Communications Company. ... Morris Communications of Augusta, Georgia is a privately held media company with diversified holdings that include newspapers, magazines, outdoor advertising, radio broadcasting, travel-related publications and online services. ... The Daily Toreador is the student newspaper for Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Texas. ...


Attractions

The National Ranching Heritage Center, a museum of ranching history, is located in Lubbock. It features a number of authentic early Texas ranch buildings as well as a railroad depot and other historic buildings. There is also an extensive collection of weapons on display. A Windmill in Lubbock, Texas An antique functioning windmill and a cart for transporting water Restored Texan Pioneer House The Sign in Front of the Door The National Ranching Heritage Center, a museum of ranching history, is located in Lubbock. ... Ranching is the raising of cattle or sheep on rangeland, although one might also speak of ranching with regard to less common livestock such as elk, bison or emu. ... This article is about a type of land use and method of raising livestock. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ...


The Southwest Collection, an archive of the history of the region and its surroundings, is located on the campus of Texas Tech University, as are the Moody Planetarium and the Museum of Texas Tech University.


The Depot District, an area of the city dedicated to music and nightlife, is located in the old railroad depot area and boasts a number of theatres, upscale restaurants, and cultural attractions. The Depot District is also home to several shops, pubs and nightclubs, a radio station, a brewery, a magazine, a winery, a salon, and other establishments. Many of the buildings were remodeled from the original Fort Worth & Denver South Plains Railway Depot which originally stood on the site.The Buddy Holly Center, a museum highlighting the life and music of Buddy Holly, is also located in the depot district. This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... For the Weezer song, see Buddy Holly (song). ...


Lubbock is also home to the Silent Wings Museum. Located on North I-27, Silent Wings features photographs and artifacts from the World War II era glider pilots. Silent Wings Museum, The Legacy of The World War II Glider Pilots, is a museum in Lubbock, Texas. ...


The Science Spectrum is an interactive museum and IMAX Dome theatre with a special focus on children and youth. IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night IMAX dome in Guayaquil, Ecuador IMAX Theater in SM Mall of Asia, Philippines IMAX (short for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far... IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night IMAX dome in Guayaquil, Ecuador IMAX Theater in SM Mall of Asia, Philippines IMAX (short for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far...


Mackenzie Park

Joyland Amusement Park
Joyland Amusement Park

Mackenzie Park is home to Joyland Amusement Park, Prairie Dog town, and both a disc golf and regular golf course. The park also holds the American Wind Power Center and Windmill Museum which houses over 100 historic windmills on 28 acres. The Brazos river winds through Mackenzie Park. It is collectively part of the rather extensive Lubbock Park system.[10][11] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 356 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lubbock, Texas Joyland Amusement Park Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 356 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lubbock, Texas Joyland Amusement Park Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... The Joyland Amusement Park is a small family owned traditional amusement park, located in Lubbock, Texas, within Lubbocks Mackenzie Park. ... A player putting at Cass Benton Disc Golf Course; Northville, Michigan. ... The Brazos River is the longest river in Texas, running 1360 km (840 mi) from the center of the state to the Gulf of Mexico. ...


Sports

The Texas Tech Red Raiders football team and the men's and women's basketball teams are immensely popular. High school athletics (all sports) also feature prominently in the local culture. In addition, Lubbock is the home of the Cotton Kings, a hockey team in the Southwest Division of the Central Hockey League, and the Chaparrals of Lubbock Christian University. In 2007, the Lubbock Renegades began play as a member of the af2, a developmental league of the Arena Football League. Texas Tech University is a nationally recognized doctoral/research university located in Lubbock, Texas, established in 1923 originally as Texas Technological College. ... The Lubbock Cotton Kings are a minor-league ice hockey team based in Lubbock, Texas. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... This article is about the current CHL; for earlier leagues also called the Central Hockey League, see Central Hockey League (disambiguation) The Central Hockey League (CHL) is a mid-level professional hockey league, owned by Global Entertainment Corporation. ... The Lubbock Renegades an af2 team scheduled to begin play in 2007. ... af2 (short for arenafootball2) is the name of the Arena Football Leagues minor league, which started play in 2000. ... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ...


Non-college sports such as bicycling (WTCA), disc golf, and in-line skating are popular.


National Register of Historic Places

Carlock Building
Carlock Building
Warren and Myrta Bacon House
Warren and Myrta Bacon House

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (1200 × 800 pixel, file size: 867 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lubbock, Texas User... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (1200 × 800 pixel, file size: 867 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lubbock, Texas User... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 425 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (768 × 1082 pixel, file size: 818 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lubbock, Texas User... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 425 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (768 × 1082 pixel, file size: 818 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lubbock, Texas User... Carlock Building, east side The Carlock Building, 1001 – 1013 13th Street, Lubbock, Texas, is an office building designed in the Art Deco style by J. B. Davies & Company of Fort Worth, Texas. ... Lubbock High School (formerly known as Tom S. Lubbock High School and colloquially known as LHS) is a 5A high school in Lubbock, Texas (USA). ... Lubbock Lake Landmark is an important archeological site and natural history preserve in the city of Lubbock, Texas. ... Texas Technological College Dairy Barn The Texas Technological College Dairy Barn, constructed in 1926-37, served Texas Tech University as a teaching facility through 1964. ... Tubbs/Carlisle House or Tubbs House or Tubbs/Revier House Construction was begun in 1907 and finished in 1908. ... View from the southeast View of the east side The Warren and Myrta Bacon House, 1802 Broadway, Lubbock, Texas, was designed and built from plans by W. M. Rice of Amarillo, Texas in 1916. ... William Curry Holden was an archaeologist and historian who taught for many years at Texas Tech University. ...

Transportation

The city's air services are provided by Lubbock Preston Smith International Airport, which is named for the Lubbock businessman who became lieutenant governor and governor of Texas. It is located on the northeast side of the city. Public transportation is provided by Citibus, a bus transit system running Monday through Saturday every week with a transit center hub in downtown. Lubbock Preston Smith International Airport (IATA: LBB, ICAO: KLBB) is an airport located just north of Lubbock, Texas. ... A businessman (sometimes businesswoman, female; or businessperson, gender neutral) is a generic term for a wide range of people engaged in profit-oriented enterprises, generally the management of a company. ... A Lieutenant Governor is a government official who is the subordinate or deputy of a Governor or Governor-General. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ...


Lubbock is served by major highways. Interstate 27 (the former Avenue H) links the city to Amarillo and Interstate 40, a transcontinental route. I-27 was completed through the city in 1992 (it originally terminated just north of downtown). Other major highways include U.S. 62 and U.S. 82 which run concurrently (except for 4th Street (82) and 19th Street (62) through the city east-west as the Brownfield Highway (soon to be upgraded to Marsha Sharp Freeway, 19th Street (62 only), 4th Street/Parkway Drive (82 only) and Idalou Highway. U.S. 84 (Avenue Q/Slaton Highway/Clovis Road) is also another east-west route running NW/SE diagonally. U.S. Highway 87 runs between San Angelo and Amarillo and follows I-27 concurrently. State Highway 114 runs east-west, following U.S. 62/82 on the east before going its own way. Lubbock is circled by Loop 289, which suffers from traffic congestion despite being a potential bypass around the city, which is the reason behind I-27 and Brownfield Highway being built through the city to have freeway traffic flow effectively inside the loop. Interstate 27 is an intrastate interstate highway located entirely within the state of Texas in the United States. ... Nickname: Location within the state of Texas Coordinates: , Country State County Potter (and Randall) Government  - Mayor Debra McCartt Area  - City  90. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 40 Interstate 40 (abbreviated I-40) is a major west-east interstate highway in the United States. ... U.S. Highway 62 runs from the US-Mexican border at El Paso, Texas at Niagara Falls, New York all the way to the US-Canadian border. ... United States Highway 82 is an east-west United States highway. ... Brownfield is a city located in Terry County, Texas. ... Marsha Sharp Freeway is currently being built along U.S. Route 82 in Lubbock, Texas. ... Idalou is a city located in Lubbock County, Texas. ... U.S. Highway 84 is an east-west United States highway. ... Slaton is a city located in Lubbock County, Texas. ... Clovis, New Mexico is a small city in Curry County, New Mexico, United States, with a population of approximately 32,700 (2000 census). ... United States Highway 87 is a north-south United States highway that runs for 1,998 miles from northern Montana to southern Texas. ... Nickname: Location within the state of Texas County Tom Green County Government  - Mayor J.W. Lown Area  - City 150. ... Junction Location Dallas, County SH 183 Irving TX Spur 482 Irving TX Loop 12 Irving TX Spur 348 Irving SH 161 (aka President George Bush Turnpike) Irving Tarrant, County SH 121 Grapevine Bus SH 114 Grapevine SH 121 Grapevine SH 26 Grapevine Bus SH 114 Grapevine FM 1709 Southlake Denton... Texas State Highway Loop 289 is a beltway around Lubbock, Texas. ...


The city is set up on a simple grid plan. In the heart of the city, numbered streets run east-west and lettered avenues run north-south — the grid begins at Avenue A in the east and 1st street in the north. North of 1st street, where the numbers have essentially "run out," city planners chose to name streets alphabetically from the south to the north. When the north-south streets "ran out" at Avenue Z, the city chose the same method. (Note that there actually is no Avenue Z, it has been renamed "University Avenue" as it runs against Texas Tech University.) A simple grid plan road map (Windermere, Florida). ...


Education

Lubbock High School
Lubbock High School

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x678, 571 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lubbock, Texas Lubbock High School User:Rklawton/Galleries Registered Historic Places in Texas, Counties K-S Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x678, 571 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lubbock, Texas Lubbock High School User:Rklawton/Galleries Registered Historic Places in Texas, Counties K-S Metadata This...

Public Schools

Most of Lubbock is served by the Lubbock Independent School District. Small portions of Lubbock extend into the neighboring districts of Frenship, Lubbock-Cooper, and Roosevelt. Lubbock Independent School District is a public school district based in Lubbock, Texas (USA). ... Frenship Independent School District is a public school district based in Wolfforth, Texas (USA). ... Lubbock-Cooper Independent School District is a school district in south central Lubbock County, Texas (USA). ... Roosevelt Independent School District is a public school district located in east central Lubbock County, Texas (USA). ...


Private Schools

The English/Philosophy/Education complex at Texas Tech University

Christ the King High School is a private, Roman Catholic high school in Lubbock, Texas. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: this is simply non-notable. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 419 pixelsFull resolution (1023 × 536 pixel, file size: 149 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Texas Techs English/Philosophy building. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 419 pixelsFull resolution (1023 × 536 pixel, file size: 149 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Texas Techs English/Philosophy building. ...

Colleges and Universities

Texas Tech University redirects here. ... Lubbock Christian University Lubbock Christian University is located in Lubbock, Texas, in the United States. ... South Plains College is a community college located in Levelland, Texas. ... Wayland Baptist University is private, coeducational Baptist university based in Plainview, Texas, U.S.A. Wayland Baptist has a total of 12 campuses in several other states and Texas cities. ... Sunset International Bible Institute is a Churches of Christ-affiliated institution of higher education in Lubbock, Texas. ...

See also

  • The Education of Shelby Knox

The Education of Shelby Knox is 2005 documentary film that tells the coming of age story about Shelby Knox, a teenage girl who joins a campaign for comprehensive sex education in the high schools of Lubbock, Texas. ...

References

  1. ^ http://busdev.ci.lubbock.tx.us/Quality%20of%20Life.pdf
  2. ^ Media Resources. Lubbock Chamber of Commerce (2006). Retrieved on 2006-11-09.
  3. ^ "Lubbock". Merriam-Webster Dictionary (Online). (2006). Merriam-Webster Incorporated. Retrieved on 2006-11-09. 
  4. ^ http://www.srh.noaa.gov/lub/climate/Local_interest_events/LUB_tornado/lubtor.html
  5. ^ http://www.lubbockworks.com/content/lubb_climate.shtml
  6. ^ http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/USTX0808
  7. ^ Lubbock, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online
  8. ^ http://education-portal.com/articles/Texas_Computer_Training_Institute_-_Lubbock.html
  9. ^ http://www.buddyhollyonline.com/news.html
  10. ^ http://www.traveltex.com/pg/Activity.aspx?id=966cfb5b-6be4-41f1-9d95-7b3b16b73f8b
  11. ^ http://lubbockhospitality.com/mackenzie/

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Handbook of Texas (ISBN 0-87611-151-7) is a comprehensive encyclopedia of Texas geography, history, and historical persons published jointly by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA) and the General Libraries at the University of Texas at Austin. ...

External links

Texas Portal
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Coordinates: 33.564735° N 101.877793° W Image File history File links This image, including all photography and graphics used in it, was taken and created by myself, Shem Daimwood. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lubbock, Texas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1790 words)
Lubbock is the economic hub (hence its nickname, the "Hub City") of a multi-county agricultural region commonly called the "South Plains." The area is the largest contiguous cotton-growing region in the world and is heavily dependent on irrigation water drawn from the Ogallala Aquifer.
In 1891 Lubbock became the county seat and in 1909 was reincorporated as a city.
Lubbock, Texas is the economic hub (hence its nickname, the "Hub City") of a multi-county agricultural region commonly called the "South Plains." The area is the largest contiguous cotton-growing region in the world and is heavily dependent on irrigation water drawn from the Ogallala Aquifer.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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