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Encyclopedia > Luang Prabang
Town of Luang Prabanga
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Haw Kham, the former royal palace in Luang Prabang, now a museum
State Party Lao People's Democratic Republic
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv, v
Identification #479
Regionb Asia-Pacific

Inscription History UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1704x2272, 1459 KB) Former Royal Palace in Luang Prabang, Laos, January, 2005, by Jim Hood, Boston, MA File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Laos. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Asia, Australia and the Pacific (Australasia). ...

Formal Inscription: 1995
19th Session

a Name as officially inscribed on the WH List
b As classified officially by UNESCO
A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...

Luang Prabang, or Louangphrabang, is a city located in north central Laos, on the Mekong River about 425 km north of Vientiane, and the capital of Louangphrabang Province. The current population of the city is about 22,000. View of the Mekong before the sunset The Mekong is one of the worlds major rivers. ... Vientiane (IPA: //, Lao Viangchan) is the capital city of Laos, situated in the Mekong Valley. ... Louangphabang (also Luang Prabang, Lao ຫລວງພະບາງ) is a province of Laos, located in the north of the country. ...


The city was formerly the capital of a kingdom of the same name. Until the communist takeover in 1975, it was the royal capital and seat of government of the Kingdom of Laos. The city is also notable as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... The Lao Peoples Democratic Republic is a landlocked country in southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (commonly known in the west as Burma) and the Peoples Republic of China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the south, and Thailand to the west. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...

Contents

History

Muang Sua was the old name of Luang Prabang following its conquest in 698 A.D. by a Tai prince, Khun Lo, who seized his opportunity when Nan-chao was engaged elsewhere. Khun Lo had been awarded the town by his father, Khun Borom, who is associated with the Lao legend of the creation of the world, which the Lao share with the Shan and other peoples of the region. Khun Lo established a dynasty whose fifteen rulers reigned over an independent Muang Sua for the better part of a century. CIA World Factbook map of Laos. ... Muang Sua was the name of Luang Phrabang following its conquest in 698 by a Tai prince, Khun Lo, who seized his opportunity when the king of Nanzhao was engaged elsewhere. ... Events Tiberius III deposes Leontius and becomes Byzantine Emperor. ... Tai peoples include: the Lao of Laos and Northeast Thailand the Northern Thai (Lanna or Thai Yuan) of Thailand the Thai of Thailand the Shan (Thai Yai) of Burma the Thai Lue of Laos and China (also called Dai) the Nung of China, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam the Black Tai (Tai... Khun Lo was the eldest of the sons of Khun Borom and first of the Lao kings. ... Nanzhao (Traditional Chinese: 南詔, Simplified Chinese: 南诏, pinyin: Nánzhāo, Alternate spellings: Nanchao, Nan Chao) was a Bai kingdom that flourished in East Asia during the 8th and 9th centuries. ... Khun Borom Rachathirath is the legendary progenitor of the Tai-speaking peoples, considered by the Lao and others to be the father of their race. ... The Shan (Burmese: ; IPA: ; Chinese: ; pinyin: ) are an ethnic group of Southeast Asia. ...


In the second half of the 8th century, Nan-chao intervened frequently in the affairs of the principalities of the middle Mekong Valley, resulting in the occupation of Muang Sua in 709. Nan-chao princes or administrators replaced the aristocracy of Tai overlords. Dates of the occupation are not known, but it probably ended well before the northward expansion of the Khmer empire under Indravarman I (r. 877-89) and extended as far as the territories of Sipsong Panna on the upper Mekong. (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... Events Saelred becomes king of Essex Ceolred becomes king of Mercia after his cousin Cenred abdicates to become a monk in Rome A storm separates the Channel Islands of Jethou and Herm Births Emperor Konin of Japan Deaths May 25 - Aldhelm, bishop and scholar Categories: 709 ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Indravarman I was the king of the Khmer region of Angkor, in Cambodia, from 877 to 890. ... Xishuangbanna or Sipsongpanna is an autonomous prefecture in southern Yunnan Province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Map of the Mekong River watershed. ...


In the meantime, the Khmers founded an outpost at Xay Fong near Vientiane, and Champa expanded again in southern Laos, maintaining its presence on the banks of the Mekong until 1070. Chanthaphanit, the local ruler of Xay Fong, moved north to Muang Sua and was accepted peacefully as ruler after the departure of the Nan-chao administrators. Chanthaphanit and his son had long reigns, during which the town became known by the Tai name Xieng Dong Xieng Thong. The dynasty eventually became involved in the squabbles of a number of principalities. Khun Chuang, a warlike ruler who may have been a Kammu (alternate spellings include Khamu and Khmu) tribesman, extended his territory as a result of the warring of these principalities and probably ruled from 1128 to 1169. Under Khun Chuang, a single family ruled over a far-flung territory and reinstituted the Siamese administrative system of the 7th century. At some point, Theravada Buddhism was subsumed by Mahayana Buddhism. Vientiane (IPA: //, Lao Viangchan) is the capital city of Laos, situated in the Mekong Valley. ... South East Asia circa 1100 C.E. Champa territory in green. ... Events Hereward the Wake begins a Saxon revolt in the Fens of eastern England. ... The Tai languages are a subgroup of the Tai Kadai language family. ... The Khmu were the indigenous people of northern Laos. ... Pope Honorius II recognizes and confirms the Order of the Knights Templar. ... Events Nur ad-Din invades Egypt, and his nephew Saladin becomes the sultan over the territory conquered by Nur ad-Din. ... For the country formerly called Siam see Thailand SIAM is an acronym for Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. ... The 7th century is the period from 601 - 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Theravada (Pali; Sanskrit: Sthaviravada) is one of the eighteen (or twenty) Nikāya schools that formed early in the history of Buddhism. ... Relief image of the bodhisattva Guan Yin from Mt. ...


Xieng Dong Xieng Thong experienced a brief period of Khmer suzerainty under Jayavarman VII from 1185 to 1191. By 1180 the Sipsong Panna had regained their independence from the Khmers, however, and in 1238 an internal uprising in the Khmer outpost of Sukhothai expelled the Khmer overlords. Suzerainty refers to a situation in which a region or people is a tributary to a more powerful entity which allows the tributary some limited domestic autonomy but controls its foreign affairs. ... Jayavarman VII (1125?-1215?) was a king of the Khmer Empire (1181 - 1215????) in present day Cambodia. ... Events April 25 - Genpei War - Naval battle of Dan-no-ura leads to Minamoto victory in Japan Templars settle in London and begin the building of New Temple Church End of the Heian Period and beginning of the Kamakura period in Japan. ... // Events May 12 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. ... Events April 13 - Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter November 18 - France Emperor Antoku succeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of Leon Artois is annexed by France Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between... Events In the Iberian peninsula, James I of Aragon captures the city of Valencia September 28 from the Moors; the Moors retreat to Granada. ... Sukhothai was the capital of the Sukhothai kingdom. ...

Buddhist Temple at Haw Kham (Royal Palace) complex.
Buddhist Temple at Haw Kham (Royal Palace) complex.

Xieng Dong Xieng Thong in 1353 became the capital of Lan Xang. The capital was moved in 1560 by King Setthathirath I to Vien Chang, which remains the capital today. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 974 KB) Temple in Royal Palace complex, Luamg Prabang, Laos. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 974 KB) Temple in Royal Palace complex, Luamg Prabang, Laos. ... Events The Decameron was finished by Giovanni Boccaccio. ... The Lao kingdom of Lan Xang or Lan Chang (Pali: Sisattanakhanahut, Lao: lâansâang, from Sinitic “vast number of elephants”) was established in 1354 by Somdetch Brhat-Anya Fa Ladhuraniya Sri Sadhana Kanayudha Maharaja Brhat Rajadharana Sri Chudhana Negara (otherwise known as Fa Ngum). ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... Setthathirath is considered one of the great leaders in Lao history. ... Vientiane (IPA: //, Lao Viangchan) is the capital city of Laos, situated in the Mekong Valley. ...


In 1707, Lan Xang fell apart and Luang Prabang became the capital of the independent Luang Prabang kingdom. When France annexed Laos, the French recognized Luang Prabang as the royal residence of Laos. Eventually, the ruler of Luang Prabang bacame synonymous with the figurehead of the French Protectorate of Laos. When Laos achieved independence, the king of Luang Prabang, Sisavang Vong, became the head of state for the Kingdom of Laos. Events January 1 - John V is crowned King of Portugal March 26 - The Acts of Union becomes law, making the separate Kingdoms of England and Scotland into one country, the Kingdom of Great Britain. ... In politics, a figurehead, by metaphor with the carved figurehead at the prow of a sailing ship, is a person who holds an important title or office yet executes little actual power. ... Statue of Sīsavāngvong, King of Luang Phrabāng 1904-46, King of Laos 1946-59 (Grounds of the Royal Palace Museum, Luang Phrabāng) King Sisavang Vong (November 1885 - 1959) was born at Luang Prabang, Laos on July 14, 1885. ... Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... The Lao Peoples Democratic Republic is a landlocked country in southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (commonly known in the west as Burma) and the Peoples Republic of China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the south, and Thailand to the west. ...


Monarchs of Luang Prabang

  • Khun Lo, warlord who founded the city
  • Fa Ngum, prince of Luang Prabang who founded Lan Xang
  • Oun Kham, king who ruled under the French
  • Kham Souk (Zakarine), king who ruled under the French and who pushed for independence
  • Sisavang Vong, king under the French, and when France granted Laos independence, he became king of the whole country

Khun Lo was the eldest of the sons of Khun Borom and first of the Lao kings. ... Somdetch Brhat-Anya Fa Ladhuraniya Sri Sadhana Kanayudha Maharaja Brhat Rajadharana Sri Chudhana Negara better known as Fa Ngum (1316 - 1393, born in Muang Sua, died in Nan) established the Lao kingdom of Lan Xang in 1354. ... The Lao kingdom of Lan Xang or Lan Chang (Pali: Sisattanakhanahut, Lao: lâansâang, from Sinitic “vast number of elephants”) was established in 1354 by Somdetch Brhat-Anya Fa Ladhuraniya Sri Sadhana Kanayudha Maharaja Brhat Rajadharana Sri Chudhana Negara (otherwise known as Fa Ngum). ... Oun Kham (1811 - December 15, 1895)was King of Luang Prabang during 1870-1895[1], his reign ended with the establishment of a French protectorate over Laos. ... King Zakarine, also known as Sakkarin, Sakharine, Sackarine, Zackarine, and Zacharine (originally Kham Souk) (1840 March 25, 1904) was the King of Luang Prabang 1894-1904. ... Statue of Sīsavāngvong, King of Luang Phrabāng 1904-46, King of Laos 1946-59 (Grounds of the Royal Palace Museum, Luang Phrabāng) King Sisavang Vong (November 1885 - 1959) was born at Luang Prabang, Laos on July 14, 1885. ...

Sights

Luangphabang seen from right bank of Mekong (montage)
Luangphabang seen from right bank of Mekong (montage)

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (5385x2241, 940 KB) Summary Description: Luangphabang vom rechten Mekongufer aus gesehen (Panoramamontage) Source: selbst gemacht Date: created 1998-10-10 Author: Axel Permission: Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Luang Prabang ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (5385x2241, 940 KB) Summary Description: Luangphabang vom rechten Mekongufer aus gesehen (Panoramamontage) Source: selbst gemacht Date: created 1998-10-10 Author: Axel Permission: Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Luang Prabang ... The Royal Palace (offical name Haw Kham) in Luang Prabang, Laos was built in 1904 during the French colonial era for King Sisavang Vong and his family. ... The Royal Palace in Luang Prabang The Royal Palace (official name Haw Kham) in Luang Prabang, Laos was built in 1904 during the French colonial era for King Sisavang Vong and his family. ... Wat means Temple in Lao, thus Wat Manorom is the Buddhist temple in Manorom. ... Wat Xieng Thong is a Buddhist temple in Luang Phrabang, Laos. ...

Transportation

Luang Prabang is served by Luang Prabang International Airport with non-stop flights to Luang Prabang International Airport is one of the few international airports in Laos. ...

Luang Prabang is linked by road to: Phôngsali (Lao ຜົງສາລີ) is a province of Laos, located in the north of the country. ... Vientiane (IPA: //, Lao Viangchan) is the capital city of Laos, situated in the Mekong Valley. ... Xiangkhoang (Lao ຊຽງຂວາງ) is a province of Laos, located in the north-east of the country. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A street scene in Chiang Mai, showing (centre right), a gate of the old city wall. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Hanoi opera house Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Nội; Chinese: 河内), estimated population 3,500,800 (1997), is the capital of Vietnam and was the capital of North Vietnam from 1954 to 1976. ...

There is currently a new boat service to Luang Phabang, aboard Houy Xai 1 day delux boat, which departs every Friday and Tuesday. The journey takes about 8.30 hours from Houy Xai to Luang Phabang. you can check it out at chiangsaenriverhill.com. Vang Vieng is a town in Laos, located in Xaisomboun special zone. ... Vientiane (IPA: //, Lao Viangchan) is the capital city of Laos, situated in the Mekong Valley. ... Muang Xay is a capital city of Oudomxai Province, Laos. ...


The Mekong is an important transportation link. Huay Xai, upriver near the Thai border, can be reached by slow boat in two days, typically with a stop at Pakbeng. Categories: Possible copyright violations ... The main street which runs down Pakbeng Pakbeng is a small village in Laos, located on the Mekong River about halfway between the Thai border at Huay Xai and Luang Prabang, Laos. ...


Miscellaneous

The late folk singer Dave Van Ronk named his infamous and sardonic anti-war song Luang Prabang.[1] Dave Van Ronk on cover of Gazell GPCD 2004 Dave Van Ronk (June 30, 1936 – February 10, 2002) was a folk singer born in Brooklyn, New York, who settled in Greenwich Village, New York City, and was nicknamed the Mayor of MacDougal Street. ...


Matt Harding, from the Internet phenomenon "Where the Hell is Matt?," danced in Luang Prabang for his second travel video, seen here at [2]. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Dancing Matt Harding at the Taj Mahal Matthew Matt Harding (born September 27, 1976) is an American from Connecticut who began a world journey after working in the video game industry in Brisbane, Australia. ...


China has recently allowed its citizens to travel more freely to Laos. As such, Chinese tourists are expected to account for 25% of the total number of visitors to Laos (up from only a few percent) in 2006. Pressures to modernize tourist infrastructure, particularly to cater to package tourism, are expected to significantly impact Luang Prabang and other culturally significant Laotian cities and sites. [3]


See also

The Phra Bang is the palladium of Laos. ... Xieng Keo is a former residence of Prince Phetsarath in Louang Phrabang, Laos. ... The Pak Ou Caves are a magnificent group of caves not too far from Luang Prabang, Laos. ... Emerald Buddha The Emerald Buddha (Thai พระแก้วมรกต - Phra Kaew Morakot, or official name พระพุทธมหามณีรัตนปฏิมากร - Phra Bhuddha Maha Mani Ratana Patimakorn) is the palladium of the Kingdom of Thailand, a figurine of the sitting Buddha, made of green jade (rather than emerald), clothed in gold, and about 45 cm tall. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Luang Prabang, Laos

Coordinates: 19°53′N, 102°08′E Cartes postales du Laos (french website) Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Luang Prabang Province (710 words)
Luang Prabang is the ancient capital city of the Lan Xang Kingdom.
Luang Prabang was the capital of the Lane xang kingdom from 1354 A.D. The capital was then transferred to Vientiane city in 1560 A.D. Luang Prabang is rich in cultural heritage, known as the seat of Lao culture, with monasteries, monuments traditional costumes and surrounded by many types of nature's beauty.
That Chomsi of Luang Prabang was constructed on top of the Phusi hill in 1804 A.D. during the reign of king Anurut.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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