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Encyclopedia > Luanda
Location of Luanda in Angola

Luanda (formerly called Loanda) is the largest city and capital of Angola. Located on the Atlantic Ocean, it is both Angola's chief seaport and administrative centre. It has a population of approximately 4.5 million (UN 2004 estimates), and is the capital city of Luanda Province. Luanda is located at 8°50'18" South, 13°14'4" East (-8.83833, 13.23444). [1] Image File history File links AO-Luanda. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Provinces of Angola ...


Manufacturing includes processed foods, beverages, textiles, cement and other construction materials, plastic products, metalware, cigarettes, and shoes. Petroleum, found nearby, is refined in the city although this facility has been repeatedly damaged during the civil war. Luanda has an excellent natural harbour, and the chief exports are coffee, cotton, sugar, diamonds, iron, and salt. A cup of coffee // Coffee is a popular beverage prepared from the roasted seeds – commonly referred to as beans – of the coffee plant. ... Cotton ready for harvest. ... Magnification of typical sugar In non-scientific use, the term sugar means sucrose, also called table sugar or saccharose, a white crystalline solid disaccharide. ... // A scattering of round-brilliant cut diamonds shows off the many reflecting facets. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Atomic mass 55. ... A magnified crystal of a salt (halite/sodium chloride) A salt, in chemistry, is any ionic compound composed of cations (positively charged ions) and anions (negative ions) so that the product is neutral (without a net charge). ...


Luanda is divided into two parts, the baixa (old city) and the cidade alta (new part). The baixa is situated next to the port and has narrow streets and old colonial buildings. The inhabitants of Luanda are primarily members of African ethnic groups, including the Ovimbundu, Kimbundu and Bakongo tribes. The official and the most spoken language is Portuguese, although many Bantu-related indigenous languages are spoken. There is a very small population of European origin. A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... The Ovimbundu (aka Mbundu or Umbundu) are a large ethnic group of traders, farmers and herders who live on the Benguela Plateau of central Angola, Africa. ... Kimbundu is one of the most spoken pre-colonial languages in central africa. ... The Bakongo people (aka. ... Map showing the approximate distribution of Bantu (dull yellow) vs. ... European redirects here. ...

Contents

History

Luanda in 2005
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Luanda in 2005

Luanda was founded in 1575 by the Portuguese explorer Paulo Dias Novais as São Paulo de Luanda. In 1618 the fortress, Fortaleza São Pedro da Barra was built and later in 1634 a new fortress was built, Fortaleza de São Miguel. The city has been the administrative centre of Angola since 1627 (except for 16401648 when it was occupied by the Dutch and named Fort Aardenburgh), and from c.1550 to c.1850 it was the center of a large slave trade to Brazil. In 1889 the basis for a major growth of Luanda was laid as Governor Brito Capelo opened the gates of an aqueduct which supplied the city with water, a formerly scarce resource. After this a good deal of unexpected growth increased dramatically towards 1975, with high-points such as an 1972 report which called Luanda the "Paris of Africa" for the growth that the city had shown. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1283 KB) Description : Luanda juin 2005 Source : Benoit Rousseau Source: http://fr. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1283 KB) Description : Luanda juin 2005 Source : Benoit Rousseau Source: http://fr. ... Events February 13 - Henry III of France is crowned at Reims February 14 - Henry III of France marries Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont June 28 - Oda Nobunaga defeats Takeda Katsuyori in the battle of Nagashino, which has been called Japans first modern battle. ... Events March 8 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion (he soon rejects the idea after some initial calculations were made but on May 15 confirms the discovery). ... Events Moses Amyrauts Traite de la predestination is published Curaçao captured by the Dutch Treaty of Polianovska First meeting of the Académie française The witchcraft affair at Loudun Jean Nicolet lands at Green Bay, Wisconsin Opening of Covent Garden Market in London English establish a settlement... Events A Dutch ship makes the first recorded sighting of the coast of South Australia. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... // Events January 17 - Englands Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Address, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War. ... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...   City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région ÃŽle-de-France Département Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ...


By the time of Angolan independence in 1975, Luanda was a modern city and the majority of the city's population was of Portuguese origin, with very few Africans permitted to live there. After independence, most of the Portuguese left, many travelling overland to South Africa, and some carrying out acts of sabotage before they departed. There was an immediate crisis because the local African population lacked the skills and knowledge needed to run the city and maintain its infrastructure. The large numbers of skilled technicians among the force of Cuban soldiers sent in to support the MPLA government were able to make a valuable contribution to restoring and maintaining essential services in the city. 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


Luanda is the seat of a Roman Catholic archbishop. It is also the location of most of Angola's educational institutions, including the private Catholic University of Angola and the public University of Agostinho Neto. It is also the home of the colonial Governor's Palace and Estádio da Cidadela, Angola's main stadium, with a total seating capacity of 60,000. The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Catholic University of Angola is located in Angolas capital of Luanda. ... The University of Agostinho Neto (Universidade Agostinho Neto) is a public Angolan university based in the capital, Luanda. ... Estádio da Cidadela is a multi-use stadium in Luanda, Angola. ...


Transportation

Luanda is the starting point of a railway that goes due east to Malanje, without reaching the DRC. The civil war left the railway non-functional, but a Chinese firm has been contracted to rebuild it. Malanje is the capital city of Malanje Province in Angola. ... Motto: Justice – Paix – Travail  (French) Justice – Peace – Work Anthem: Debout Congolais Capital (largest city) Kinshasa French Government Transitional  - President Joseph Kabila Independence    - from Belgium June 30, 1960  Area  - Total 2,344,858 km² (12th) 905,351 sq mi   - Water (%) 3. ... Combatants MPLA SWAPO Republic of Cuba U.S.S.R. UNITA Republic of South Africa Republic of Zaire U.S.A. Commanders José Eduardo dos Santos Jonas Savimbi Casualties Civilians killed = hundreds of thousands Following the end of Portuguese colonial rule in April 1974, newly-independent Angola descended into a...


The city is home to Quatro de Fevereiro Airport (February 4th Airport), the largest in the country. The Luanda port also serves as a link to the rest of the world. Quatro de Fevereiro Airport (IATA Airport Code: LAD) is located in Luanda, the capital city of Angola. ...


Sister Cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Location in Brazil Coordinates: ) Country Region State Brazil Southeast Minas Gerais Founded December 12, 1897 Mayor Fernando Damata Pimentel (PT) Area    - City 330. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Houston redirects here. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Web Site of Angolan embassy in the United Kingdom
  • www.luandamap.com - Street map of Luanda and other maps of Angola
  • www.angolinks.com - Overview of angolan Internet pages

Coordinates: 8°50′S 13°15′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Luanda (657 words)
Luanda was founded in 1575 by the Portuguese explorer Paulo Dias Novais as São Paulo de Luanda.
Luanda is the seat of a Roman Catholic archbishop.
Luanda is the starting point of a railway that goes due east to serve the interior, without reaching the DR Congo border.
Encyclopedia4U - Luanda - Encyclopedia Article (304 words)
Luanda has an excellent natural harbour, and the chief exports are coffee, cotton, sugar, diamonds, iron, and salt.
However, the economy of Luanda continues to be severely disrupted by the ongoing military conflicts in Angola.
From c.1550 to c.1850 it was the center of a large slave trade to Brazil.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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