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Encyclopedia > Lozenge
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Punctuation

apostrophe ( ', )
brackets ( ), [ ], { }, < >
colon ( : )
comma ( , )
dashes ( , , , )
ellipsis ( , ... )
exclamation mark ( ! )
full stop/period ( . )
guillemets ( « » )
hyphen ( -, )
question mark ( ? )
quotation marks ( ", ‘ ’, “ ” )
semicolon ( ; )
slash/stroke ( / )
solidus ( )
The term punctuation has two different linguistic meanings: in general, the act and the effect of punctuating, i. ... For other uses, see Apostrophe (disambiguation). ... Various brackets in Arial // In writing Brackets are punctuation marks, used in pairs to set apart or interject text within other text. ... This article is about colons in punctuation. ... A comma ( , ) is a punctuation mark. ... A dash is a punctuation mark. ... It has been suggested that Elliptical construction be merged into this article or section. ... an exclamation mark An exclamation mark, exclamation point or bang, !, is usually used after an interjection or exclamation to indicate strong feeling. ... A full stop or period (sometimes stop, full point or dot), is the punctuation mark commonly placed at the end of several different types of sentences in English and several other languages. ... Also called angle quotes, guillemets (<< or >>) are line segments, pointed as if arrows. ... A hyphen ( -, or ‐ ) is a punctuation mark. ... ? redirects here. ... For the Wikipedia quotation template, see here. ... A semicolon ( ; ) is a punctuation mark. ... The slash A slash or stroke, /, is a punctuation mark. ... A solidus, oblique or slash, /, is a punctuation mark. ...

Interword separation

spaces ( ) ( ) ( )
interpunct ( · )
This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A space is a punctuation convention for providing interword separation in some scripts, including the Latin, Greek, Cyrillic, and Arabic. ... An interpunct is a small dot used for interword separation in ancient Latin script, being perhaps the first consistent visual representation of word boundaries in written language. ...

General typography

ampersand ( & )
asterisk ( * )
at ( @ )
backslash ( )
bullet ( )
caret ( ^ )
currency ( ¤ ) ¢, $, , £, ¥, ₩
dagger ( ) ( )
degree ( ° )
emoticons :-)
inverted exclamation point ( ¡ )
inverted question mark ( ¿ )
number sign ( # )
percent and related signs
( %, , )
pilcrow ( )
prime ( )
section sign ( § )
tilde ( ~ )
umlaut/diaeresis ( ¨ )
underscore/understrike ( _ )
vertical/pipe/broken bar ( |, ¦ )
This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... This article refers to the typographical symbol. ... At sign in Arial font For the defunct Broadband ISP, see @Home Network The at sign (@, read aloud in English as at) is a typographic symbol most commonly used as an abbreviation in accounting and commercial invoices, in statements such as 7 widgets @ $2 ea. ... First introduced in 1960 by Bob Bemer, the backslash, , is a typographical mark (glyph) used chiefly in computing. ... In typography, a bullet is a typographical symbol or glyph used to introduce items in a list, like below: This is the text of a list item. ... A caret in the Arial font Caret is the name for the symbol ^ in ASCII and some other character sets. ... A two cent euro coin A US penny In currency, the cent is a monetary unit that equals th of the basic unit of value. ... $ The dollar sign ($) is a symbol primarily used to indicate a unit of currency. ... The euro (&#8364;; ISO 4217 code EUR) is the currency of twelve of the twenty-five nations that form the European Union (and four outside it, as well as Montenegro and Kosovo), which form the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). ... The Pound sign (£) is the symbol for Pound sterling, the currency of the United Kingdom, and some other currencies of the same name in other countries. ... ¥9 Chinese price sticker ¥ is a currency sign used for the following currencies: Chinese yuan (CNY) Japanese yen (JPY) The base unit of the two currencies above share the same Chinese character (圓/元/円), pronounced yuan in Mandarin Chinese and en in Standard Japanese. ... ₩ is a currency sign that is used for the following currencies: North Korean won South Korean won Woolong, a fictional currency in Cowboy Bebop Category: ... A dagger (†, &dagger;, U+2020) is a typographical symbol or glyph. ... Common degree symbol This article describes the typographical or mathematical symbol. ... An emoticon, also called a smiley, is a sequence of printable characters such as :) or :-) that is intended to represent a human facial expression and convey an emotion. ... The inverted question mark and inverted exclamation point in Spanish are used to begin interrogative and exclamatory sentences, respectively. ... The inverted question mark and inverted exclamation point in Spanish are used to begin interrogative and exclamatory sentences, respectively. ... Number sign in Arial font Number sign is the preferred Unicode name for the glyph or symbol # (Do not confuse with ♯ (Sharp)). The name was chosen from several used in the United States and Canada. ... The percent sign (%) is the symbol used to indicate a percentage (that the preceding number is divided by one hundred). ... A pilcrow from the font Gentium, designed by J. Victor Gaultney, 2002. ... This article is not about the symbol for the set of prime numbers, ℙ. The prime (′, Unicode U+2032, &prime;) is a symbol with many mathematical uses: A complement in set theory: A′ is the complement of the set A A point related to another (e. ... The section sign The section sign (§; Unicode U+00A7, HTML entity &sect;) is a typographical character used mainly to refer to a particular section of a document, such as a legal code. ... A tilde. ... The umlaut mark (or simply umlaut) and the trema or diaeresis mark (or simply diaeresis) are two diacritics consisting of a pair of dots placed over a letter. ... The underscore _ is the character with ASCII value 95. ... Vertical bar, verti-bar, vertical line, divider line, or pipe is the name of the character (|). Broken bar (¦) is a separate character. ...

Uncommon typography

asterism ( )
lozenge ( )
interrobang ( )
irony mark ( ؟ )
reference mark ( )
sarcasm mark
This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... In typography, an asterism is a rare symbol consisting of three asterisks placed in a triangle, used to call attention to a passage or to separate sub-chapters in a book. ... A pullover with a lozenge pattern A lozenge is a parallelogram which usually has two corners pointing up and down that are farther apart than the corners pointing sideways. ... The interrobang (//) () is a rarely used, nonstandard English-language punctuation mark intended to combine the functions of a question mark and an exclamation point. ... Examples of irony marks. ... This page lists Japanese typographic symbols which are not included in kana or kanji. ... A sarcasm mark, which is represented in the Ethiopic languages, also called a sarcasm point, like a non-standard androgynous pronoun, is an often desired, but non-standardized form of American English punctuation. ...

A lozenge () is a form of rhombus. The definition of lozenge is not strictly fixed, and it is sometimes used simply as a synonym for rhombus. Most often, though, lozenge refers to a thin rhombus — a rhombus with acute angles of 45°.[1] The lozenge shape is often used in parquetry and as decoration on ceramics, silverware, and textiles. For other uses of the word rhombus, see Rhombus (disambiguation) This shape is a rhombus In geometry, a rhombus (or rhomb; plural rhombi) is a quadrilateral in which all of the sides are of equal length, i. ... Parquetry floor. ... This is a disambiguation page &#8212; a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Ancient Egyptian ceramic art: Louvre Museum. ... Starch-polyester disposable cutlery Cutlery refers to any hand utensil used in preparing, serving, and especially eating food. ... Sunday textile market on the sidewalks of Karachi, Pakistan. ...

Contents

Applications

Modal logic

In modal logic, the lozenge expresses the possibility of the following expression. For example, the expression Diamond P expresses that it is possible that P is true. In philosophical logic, a modal logic is any logic for handling modalities: concepts like possibility, impossibility, and necessity. ...


Camouflage

Lozenge pattern on German warplane.
Lozenge pattern on German warplane.

During the First World War, the Germans were looking for a way to effectively camouflage their aircraft. This resulted in the development of the so-called lozenge pattern (Lozengetarnung), made up of irregular painted polygons (not necessarily actual rhombi). Because painting such a pattern was very time consuming, and the paint added considerably to the weight of the aircraft, it was decided to print the pattern on fabric. This pre-printed fabric was used from 1916 onwards, in various forms and colours. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert Henry Asquith Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow... An infant Cuttlefish blends into the surrounding sand substrate. ... Look up polygon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Heraldry

Main article: Lozenge (heraldry)

The lozenge in heraldry is a diamond-shaped charge, usually somewhat narrower than it is tall. A mascle is a voided lozenge –that is, a lozenge with a lozenge-shaped hole in the middle– and the rarer rustre is a lozenge containing a circular hole. A field covered in a pattern of lozenges is described as lozengy; a similar field of mascles is masculy. A lozengy field, in the arms of the former urban district council of Eastwood, Nottinghamshire The lozenge in heraldry is a diamond-shaped charge (an object that can be placed on the field of the shield), usually somewhat narrower than it is tall. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... In heraldry, a charge is an image occupying the field on an escutcheon (or shield). ...


Cough tablets

Main article: Throat lozenge

Cough tablets have taken the name lozenge, based on their original shape. According to the Oxford English Dictionary the first use of this sense was in 1530. This does not cite its references or sources. ... The Oxford English Dictionary print set The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) is a dictionary published by the Oxford University Press (OUP), and is generally regarded as the most comprehensive and scholarly dictionary of the English language. ... June 25 - Augsburg confession presented to Charles V of Holy Roman Empire. ...


The glyph

The lozenge glyph is found in DOS code page 437 (at character code 4)[2] and Mac-Roman. It is also found at Unicode 0x25CA. In HTML it can be typed with &loz; (or &#9674; or &#x25CA;), which will produce ◊ (and ◊ and ◊). Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... variant glyphs representing the character a (allographs of a) in the Zapfino typeface. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... IBM PC or MS-DOS code page 437, often abbreviated CP437 and also known as DOS-US or OEM-US, is the original character set of the IBM PC, circa 1981. ... The Mac OS Roman character set Mac-Roman encoding is a one byte character encoding system, traditionally used by Mac OS. In Mac OS X, it has been replaced with Unicode. ... Unicode is an industry standard designed to allow text and symbols from all of the writing systems of the world to be consistently represented and manipulated by computers. ...


See also

Look up lozenge in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... It has been suggested that French Wiktionary be merged into this article or section. ... A footprint carved into the rock on Dunadd in Argyll. ...

References

  1. ^ Definition of lozenge at Mathworld web site
  2. ^ Valtanen, Esko (1990). DOS-OPAS. Teknolit, 649. ISBN 952-90-1220-9. 

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lozenge - definition of Lozenge in Encyclopedia (472 words)
The lozenge in heraldry is a diamond-shaped charge (an object that can be placed on the field of the shield), usually somewhat narrower than it is tall.
A mascle is a voided lozenge-- that is, a lozenge with a lozenge-shaped hole in the middle-- and the rarer rustre is a lozenge containing a circular hole.
The lozenge has for many centuries been particularly associated with women as a vehicle for the display of their coats of arms (instead of the escutcheon or shield).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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