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Encyclopedia > Loyalsock Creek
Loyalsock Creek
Loyalsock Creek in Worlds End State Park, Sullivan County, PA
Loyalsock Creek in Worlds End State Park, Sullivan County, PA
Origin Western Wyoming County
Mouth West Branch Susquehanna River, at Montoursville
Basin countries Pennsylvania, United States
Length 63.6 mi (102 km)
Source elevation 2272 ft (693 m)
Basin area 495 mi² (1282 km²)

Loyalsock Creek is a tributary of the West Branch Susquehanna River located chiefly in Sullivan and Lycoming counties in Pennsylvania in the United States. As the crow flies, Lycoming County is about 100 mi (160 km) northwest of Philadelphia and about 165 mi (265 km) east-northeast of Pittsburgh. [[ == Headline text == This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Wyoming County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... The West Branch Susquehanna River is one of the two principal branches, along the with North Branch, of the Susquehanna River in the northeastern United States. ... Map of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania highlighting Montoursville Montoursville is a borough in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (yellow outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (blue lines) of a contiguous area. ... Official language(s) English, Pennsylvania Dutch Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... [[ == Headline text == This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A mile is any of several units of distance, or, in physics terminology, of length. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Look up tributary in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The West Branch Susquehanna River is one of the two principal branches, along the with North Branch, of the Susquehanna River in the northeastern United States. ... Sullivan County is a county located in the state of Pennsylvania. ... Lycoming County is a county located in the state of Pennsylvania. ... Official language(s) English, Pennsylvania Dutch Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... As the Crow Flies is a novel by Jeffrey Archer. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... km redirects here. ... Ordinal directions are the four compass directions: northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest, located halfway between the cardinal directions. ... This article is becoming very long. ... ESE also stands for Extensible Storage Engine. ... Nickname: Steel City, Iron City, City of Champions, City of Bridges, City of Colleges, P-Burgh, The Burgh Motto: Benigno Numine Location in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Allegheny County Founded 1758 Mayor Luke Ravenstahl (D) Area    - City 151. ...


Loyalsock Creek is about 63.6 mi (102 km) long. The source is in western Wyoming County near the Sullivan County line and its confluence with the West Branch Susquehanna River is at Montoursville. The area surrounding the confluence with the Susquehanna River has been flooded numerous times over the past decade devastating many local homes and businesses. [[ == Headline text == This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Wyoming County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Confluence of Rhine and Mosel at Koblenz In geography, a confluence describes the point where two rivers meet and become one, usually when a tributary joins a more major river. ... Map of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania highlighting Montoursville Montoursville is a borough in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. ...


The name is a corruption of a word in the language of the local indigenous peoples meaning "middle creek" (the original was something like Lawi-sahquick). This refers to Loyalsock Creek's location between Lycoming Creek and Muncy Creek, with the mouths of each about 6 mi  (10 km) up- and down-stream of the mouth of the Loyalsock. Several important trails used by the local indigenous peoples ran along parts of the Loyalsock or crossed it. Two important villages of the local indigenous peoples were located on its banks, one of which, Ots-ton-wak-in, was the home to Catherine Montour and her son, and later became Montoursville. A Hupa man. ... For other meanings of Lycoming, please see Lycoming (disambiguation). ... Muncy Creek Township is a township located in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania. ... Madame Catherine Montour, or Catharine Montour, or Queen Catharine (1710 _ 1804) was born in New France and became a prominent woman among the Iroquois during the end of the 18th Century. ...

Map of the West Branch Susquehanna River (dark blue) and Major Streams in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania. Loyalsock Creek (green) is the fourth major creek to enter the river in Lycoming County and is located between the Lycoming Creek (yellow) and Muncy Creek (light blue) watersheds. Its major tributary, Little Loyalsock Creek, is shown north of Loyalsock Creek (in green, number 5). They meet at Forksville, Pennsylvania in Sullivan County.
Map of the West Branch Susquehanna River (dark blue) and Major Streams in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania. Loyalsock Creek (green) is the fourth major creek to enter the river in Lycoming County and is located between the Lycoming Creek (yellow) and Muncy Creek (light blue) watersheds. Its major tributary, Little Loyalsock Creek, is shown north of Loyalsock Creek (in green, number 5). They meet at Forksville, Pennsylvania in Sullivan County.

Its main tributary is Little Loyalsock Creek, which has its confluence at Forksville in Sullivan County. The names of Forksville and the surrounding Forks Township come from the fork of the creek there. For other meanings of Lycoming, please see Lycoming (disambiguation). ... Muncy Creek Township is a township located in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania. ... Forksville is a borough located in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania. ... Forks Township is a township in Sullivan County, Pennsylvania, USA. As of the 2000 census, the township had a total population of 407. ...


Pennsylvania receives the most acid rain of any state in the United States. Because Loyalsock Creek is in a sandstone, limestone, shale, conglomerate, and coal mountain region, it has a relatively low capacity to neutralize added acid. This makes it is especially vulnerable to increased acidification from acid rain, which poses a threat to the long term threat to the health of the plants and animals in the creek. [1] Acid rain (or more accurately acid precipitation)[1] occurs when sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are emitted into the atmosphere, undergo chemical transformations and are absorbed by water droplets in clouds. ... Red sandstone interior of Lower Antelope Canyon, Arizona, worn smooth due to erosion by flash flooding over millions of years Sandstone is a sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-size mineral or rock grains. ... For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... Shale Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock whose original constituents were clays or muds. ... A conglomerate with iron oxide cementing material Conglomerate, Submarine Landslide located at Point Reyes, Marin County California. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by coal mining, either underground mining or open-pit mining (surface mining). ... Neutralization is a chemical reaction, also called a water forming reaction, in which an acid and a base or alkali (soluble base) react and produce a salt and water. ... Acidity redirects here. ...


Loyalsock Creek is used for trout fishing, white water kayaking, and the Loyalsock Trail which runs along it is an opportunity for hiking. Worlds End State Park is located on the Loyalsock in Sullivan County, near Forksville. U.S. Route 220 runs through the Loyalsock valley and in the autumn the fall foliage is quite spectacular. Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss Biwa trout, Oncorhynchus masou subsp Trout is the common name given to a number of species of freshwater fish belonging to the salmon family, Salmonidae. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering animals not classifiable as insects which breathe in water or pass their lives in water. ... This page discusses whitewater rapids. ... Inuit seal hunter in a kayak, armed with a harpoon. ... Two hikers in the Mount Hood National Forest Eagle Creek hiking Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... Worlds End State Park, from Canyon Vista Road Worlds End State Park is a 780-acre state park near Forksville, Pennsylvania in Sullivan County. ... This U.S. Highway article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject U.S. Highways. ... Autumn colours at Westonbirt Arboretum, Gloucestershire, England. ...

Contents

History

Ostuagy

Madame Montour's village of Ostuagy was a vitally important location during the settlement of what is now Lycoming County. Her village at the mouth of Loyalsock Creek on the West Branch Susquehanna River was an important stopping point for the Moravian missionaries who were spreading the gospel throughout the wilderness of Pennsylvania during the 1740s. Count Zinzendorf, a missionary being guided by Conrad Weiser with the permission of Chief Shikellamy came to Ostuagy in 1742.[2] The West Branch Susquehanna River is one of the two principal branches, along the with North Branch, of the Susquehanna River in the northeastern United States. ... The Moravian Seal, as rendered by North Carolina artist Marie Nifong The Moravian churches form a modern, mainline Protestant denomination with a religious heritage that began in 15th-century Bohemia, Czech Republic. ... A missionary is a propagator of religion, often an evangelist or other representative of a religious community who works among those outside of that community. ... For other uses, see Gospel (disambiguation). ... A map of the Province of Pennsylvania. ... Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf, Count of Zinzendorf and Pottendorf, (May 26, 1700 - May 9, 1760), German religious and social reformer, was born at Dresden. ... Conrad Weiser (November 2, 1696 – July 13, 1760) was a German Pennsylvanian pioneer, farmer, monk and tanner. ...



Madame Montour was known to be a friend of the British. She welcomed the white men who were beginning to migrate into the West Branch Susquehanna River Valley. She also had a great amount of influence with the various Indian tribes they were feeling the pressure of colonial expansion. Madame Montour remained loyal to the British despite several attempts by the French to bring her over to their side. Historians note that this was remarkable due to the fact the that British colonial government sometimes went as long as a year without paying her for her services.


Rail transportation

Although lumbering was an important industry in the Loyalsock Creek watershed, railroads took little advantage of the creek valley below Forksville. One exception was the Susquehanna and Eagles Mere Railroad, which built down into Hillsgrove and along the creek as far as Ogdonia in 1902, before turning up Kettle Creek. It was removed in 1922. Above Forksville, the Williamsport and North Branch Railroad followed Mill Creek to reach the Loyalsock and followed it to a crossing at Ringdale. The line was built in 1893 and removed in 1938. About six miles to the east, the town of Lopez is the largest settlement on the upper creek. Jennings Brothers Lumber Co. built a narrow-gauge logging line in the area in 1890, and another in 1891 up the creek into Wyoming County, to supply their sawmill at Lopez. In 1892, the Loyalsock Railroad crossed the creek here, building south to bring coal from the Bernice area southward to Harvey's Lake. It was promptly leased to the Lehigh Valley Railroad and became part of the Bowmans Creek Branch. At the same time, the Loyalsock RR also built a branch along the Loyalsock downstream from Lopez to Ellis Creek, where it turned south to reach a tannery at Thorndale. This branch was removed in 1898. However, Jennings Bros. continued to operate, standard-gauging their rail line about 1900 and building up the Loyalsock as far as Shumans Lake, where their line headed up Cold Run towards High Cobble and the Dutch Mountain area. The logging railroad was finally removed in 1905 when Jennings Bros. relocated to Maryland, but was partly resurrected in 1911. Stony Brook Lumber Co. used the old grade as far as Santee Run, then turned north towards Crane Swamp. This line was removed in 1916. Traffic gradually dwindled on the Lehigh Valley; their line south of Lopez was abandoned in 1939, and it was cut back to Bernice in 1944. This marked the end of rail traffic on the Loyalsock, except for the Reading Railroad crossing near its mouth at Montoursville, still active today.[3] Wyoming County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... 1884 map of the Pennsylvania, Reading and Lehigh Valley Railroads The Delaware, Lehigh, Schuylkill and Susquehanna Railroad Company (AAR reporting mark LV) was incorporated April 21, 1846 in Pennsylvania. ... Philadelphia and Reading Railroad Categories: Rail stubs | Philadelphia and Reading Railroad ...


See also

This is a list of rivers in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania Allegheny River Clarion River Conemaugh River Delaware River Juniata River Lehigh River Monongahela River Ohio River Schuylkill River Susquehanna River West Branch Susquehanna River Youghiogheny River See also List of rivers in the United States This list...

References

  1. ^ Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission. Acid Precipitation (English). Retrieved on 2006-06-03.
  2. ^ *Meginness, John Franklin [1892]. History of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania: including its aboriginal history; the colonial and revolutionary periods; early settlement and subsequent growth; organization and civil administration; the legal and medical professions; internal improvement; past and present history of Williamsport; manufacturing and lumber interests; religious, educational, and social development; geology and agriculture; military record; sketches of boroughs, townships, and villages; portraits and biographies of pioneers and representative citizens, etc. etc.", 1st Edition, Chicago, IL: Brown, Runk & Co.. ISBN 0-7884-0428-8. Retrieved on 2007-03-07. “(Note: ISBN refers to Heritage Books July 1996 reprint. URL is to scan of 1892 version with some OCR typos).” 
  3. ^ Taber, Thomas T., III (1987). Railroads of Pennsylvania Encyclopedia and Atlas. Thomas T. Taber III. ISBN 0-9603398-5-X. 

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External links

  • The Columbia Gazetteer of North America, 2000 entry for Loyalsock Creek
  • Chesapeake Bay Watershed Page on the Loyalsock Creek watershed from the source to Little Loyalsock Creek
  • Chesapeake Bay Watershed Page on the Loyalsock Creek watershed from Little Loyalsock Creek to the mouth
    • Chesapeake Bay Watershed Page on the Little Loyalsock Creek watershed
  • Official Lycoming County Map showing all townships, villages, boroughs, cities, county roads, rivers, creeks, and some streams
  • History of Lycoming County Pennsylvania edited by John F. Meginness, ©1892 (copyright expired)

 
 

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