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Encyclopedia > Lowrider
1948 Chevrolet Fleetline "Bomb" from the Viejitos Car Club Orange County
1948 Chevrolet Fleetline "Bomb" from the Viejitos Car Club Orange County

A lowrider is a car or truck which has had its suspension system modified (sometimes with hydraulic suspension) so that it rides as low to the ground as possible. Lowriders often have user controlled height adjustable suspension. Lowriders are very often classic cars from the 1950s which rode low to begin with, although large numbers of 1940s and 1960s cars are also modified, and to a lesser degree newer vehicles. The word is also used to refer to those who drive or own such cars. A lowrider will traditionally have many factory offered accessories / options and often many after-market accessories added. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Lowrider can refer to: A lowrider, a modified car or truck Low Rider (song), a song by the band War Lowrider (band), a Swedish stoner rock band Lowrider Band, an American band featuring founding members of the band War Category: ... Image File history File links Solo_s_48_Fleetline. ... Image File history File links Solo_s_48_Fleetline. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Truck (disambiguation). ... The front suspension components of a Ford Model T. Suspension is the term given to the system of springs, shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels. ... Hydraulics is a branch of science and engineering concerned with the use of liquids to perform mechanical tasks. ... Height adjustable suspension is a feature of certain automobile suspension (vehicle) systems that allow the motorist to vary the ride height or ground clearance. ... The 1940s decade ran from 1940 to 1949. ...

Contents

Description of the subculture

Lowriders were originally unique to Mexican-American/Chicano culture in Los Angeles County, California, then became part of south american Latino culture as a whole, but since the early 1990s, they have become common in urban youth culture in general, primarily in West Coast hip hop. Today the lowriding scene is diverse with many different cultures, vehicle makes and visual styles, however, it remains an important part of the Chicano community. Essentially all the options available to today's custom automobile creator are also available to the lowrider builder, and lowrider style varies greatly from region to region. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Mexican Americans are citizens of the United States of Mexican ancestry. ... For other uses, see Chicano (disambiguation). ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began among urban African Americans in New York City in the early 1970s, and has since spread around the world. ... West Coast hip hop, also known as West Coast rap or California hip hop, is a style of hip hop music that originated in California in the early 1980s. ...


Summer is the most popular season for lowriders, as the weather often encourages being outside either in or nearby the vehicle. Some lowrider clubs have weekly meetings in the summer where owners and friends will have a BBQ/cookout followed by cruising a popular drag (or strip) after dark. Aside from local drags and their parking lots, lowriders are most commonly seen at privately organized lowrider car shows that often feature a variety of different vehicular and joto non-vehicular events, the most popular of which are the wet T-shirt/bikini contests and the hop and dance hydraulic competitions where competitors compete against each other to see who can hop the highest or complete a list of moves within a time limit (dancing). There are several magazines devoted to presenting, preserving, and chronicling lowrider culture, the best known of which is Lowrider Magazine, currently published by Primedia, although this magazine is losing favor with people who actually own and drive lowriders due to the over-whelming amount of advertisements, most of which are unrelated to lowriders. For other uses, see Summer (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A member of the Airpork Crew barbecue team prepares pork shoulder at the Memphis in May World Championship Barbecue Cooking Contest. ... Cruising is a social activity among teenagers in many United States towns that primarily consists of driving a car around looking for friends. ... An auto show, or motor show, is a public exhibition of current automobile models, debuts, concept cars, or out-of-production classics. ... A wet T-shirt contest is a contest where women, e. ... Lowrider Magazine is a monthly magazine about cars, focusing almost exclusively on the style known as a lowrider. ... Primedia Logo Primedia Inc. ...


Description of vehicles

The 1964 Chevy Impala hardtop or convertible is one of the most popular lowriders, and to a lesser extent other 1958-1964 Impalas. Daytons is one of the most popular manufacturers of spoke rims, such as their 13-inch or 14-inch 100 spoke rims (Although many people prefer the "old school" look of the 72 spoke Daytons). Although the 1961-64 Chevrolet Impala is usually sought after by car collectors, vehicles including the 1978-88 GM G-bodies (which includes the Chevrolet Monte Carlo, Buick Regal, Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme, and Pontiac Grand Prix) and their 1973-77 relatives are usually seen as entry-level lowriders. Although heavy customization of the cars is popular in the lowrider scene, some lowriders pass for restored stock cars, especially those based on 1930s-1960s American cars. In some countries, other cars like the Volvo PV544, Morris Minor, air-cooled VW Beetle, Ford Zodiac, Vauxhall Victor and Vauxhall Cresta (or other car with Trans-Atlantic styling) are often used as substitutes for American cars. This is generally due to the lack of American car imports, costs or even a desire to build a unique lowrider out of a domestically produced vehicle. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2778x1852, 728 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lowrider Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2778x1852, 728 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lowrider Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... 1958 Chevrolet Impala Convertible 1958 Chevrolet Impala Convertible The Chevrolet Impala is an automobile built for the Chevrolet division by General Motors. ... 1968 Chevrolet Impala at the weekly Garden Grove, California car show on April 16, 2004. ... Dayton Wire Wheels are a brand of rims made for cars and trucks. ... 1958 Chevrolet Impala Convertible 1958 Chevrolet Impala Convertible The Chevrolet Impala is an automobile built for the Chevrolet division by General Motors. ... The General Motors G platform (also called G-body) was used for GM mid-size cars such as Buick Regal and Chevrolet Malibu. ... The Chevrolet Monte Carlo is an American mid-size car. ... The Buick Regal is a mid-size car produced by General Motors Buick division from 1973 through 2004, during which Buick also used the Century name on mid-size models; the two frequently shared bodies and powertrains. ... The Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme was a mid-size car produced by General Motors for the American market. ... The Pontiac Grand Prix is an automobile produced by the Pontiac division of General Motors. ... A 1965 Volvo 544 The Volvo PV which generically refers to two nearly identical models (PV444 and PV544), boasted a production run from 1947 to 1965. ... Later Morris Minor Van with aftermarket rear side windows Morris Minor Traveller (estate) Morris Minor Rally The revolutionary Morris Minor (the prototype was called Mosquito) was launched at the Earls Court Motor Show on 20 September, 1948. ... Engine cooling is the process of cooling an engine by using either air or liquid. ... The Volkswagen Beetle or Bug is a small family car, the best known car of Volkswagen, of Germany, and almost certainly the world. ... Categories: Automobile stubs | Ford vehicles ... The Vauxhall Victor was a medium/large model of automobile produced by Vauxhall Motors, the British subsidiary of General Motors from 1957 to 1976. ... Vauxhall Cresta The Vauxhall Cresta was probably the most elegant British car of the late 1950s even though it was not sufficiently upmarket for it to be driven by those that considered themselves the elite of British society. ...


Exterior

The exteriors typically feature expensive custom paintjobs that consist of several thin layers of different colors, metal oxide flake or pearl flake, clear coat, metal leaf, airbrushed murals or script, pinstripes, flames or any other hand-painted graphics, or any combination of the above. Lowriders traditionally feature small gold or chrome spoke wheels (able to tuck beneath the wheel well and allow the lowest ride height, but which can look out of proportion when the car is raised to stock ride height), with or without knockoffs and whitewall tires(though steels and period or factory hubcaps were also common on cars bult up until 1959). Other Traditional Lowrider wheels are Astro Supremes, Cragers, Tru spokes, Crowns, Daytons and Zeniths all with 5.20 tires ; which were used during the 1970's and early 1980's . Other common custom exterior enhancements are; rear wheel skirts, extensive use of chrome or gold, antennas or fins and continental tire kits (a full matching spare tire on display in a rear bumper case). The most detailed vehicles have engine, exhaust and performance modifications and/or beautifications. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Metal leaf processing Metal leaf is a thin foil used for decoration. ... Paasche F#1 Single Action External Mix Airbrush An airbrush is a small, air-operated tool that sprays various media including ink and dye, but most often paint by a process of atomization. ... Salle des illustres, ceiling painting, by Jean André Rixens. ... Pin striping describes the application of a pin stripe: a very thin line of paint or other material, generally used for decoration. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... Bright chrome is often used as a decorative feature on consumer products such as cars. ... White wall tires are tires that have stripe of white rubber on the outer sidewalls. ... 1956 Nash four-door sedan with factory color matched Continental tire. ...


Interior

Custom interiors are also very popular and are most commonly fabricated in leather, tweed, or velvet. Other common custom interior enhancements are; the use of woodgrain panels or interior paint, neon or LED lights, chrome or gold accents, cosmetic mirrors, after market steering wheels (of which a chain-link steering wheel is iconic), fuzzy dice that hang from the rear-view mirror, swivel seats that allow for easier and more stylish entry and exit, door modifications such as suicide (doors open in the opposite direction), scissor (doors open vertically, to the front), and gullwing (doors open towards the roof, swinging up) exist, though gullwing is less common than the other two, and many others. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... For other uses, see Leather (disambiguation). ... A twill weave can easily be identified by its diagonal lines. ... Swatch of black cotton velvet decorator fabric used for drapery Velvet is a type of tufted fabric in which the cut threads are very evenly distributed, with a short dense pile, giving it its distinct feel. ...


Many low riders now feature any combination of mobile electronic audio and video devices, most stereotypically a loud audio system that features a powerful amp and large subwoofers (commonly referred to as "subs" or "woofers") and primarily focuses on producing heavily-exaggerated bass. Miniature TV screens embedded into the headrests of the seats are popular, and accompanying devices include DVD players and, more recently, video game consoles outfitted with wireless controllers. Audio electronics is the branch of electronics which deals specifically with audio and sound related technologies. ... For other uses, see Video (disambiguation). ... The term amplifier as used in this article can mean either a circuit (or stage) using a single active device or a complete system such as a packaged audio hi-fi amplifier. ... Wooden subwoofer. ... Bass (IPA: [], rhyming with face), when used as an adjective, describes tones of low frequency or range. ...


Hydraulics

Many lowriders feature custom hydraulic that allow the driver to alter the ride height at will. These systems range from simple to complex and are usually measured by the number of hydraulic pumps (Generally 2 to 4) used to control the various hydraulic combinations that ultimately produce a specific motion from the vehicle. These pumps are powered by multiple batteries installed in a rack in the trunk of the vehicle. The speed at which the car lifts depends partly on the voltage generated by these batteries, which can range from 24 all the way up to 124 volts. The most common motions are dipping/raising the four corners of the vehicle (referred to as corners), dipping/raising the front or rear of the vehicle (front, back), dipping/raising the sides of the vehicles (side to side), and lowering/raising the vehicle as a whole (pancake). A skilled switch operator can manipulate his controls (hitting switches) to raise one wheel completely off the ground (3-wheel motion), or to hop one end of the car completely off the ground. Height adjustable suspension is a feature of certain automobile suspension (vehicle) systems that allow the motorist to vary the ride height or ground clearance. ...


Lowrider classifications and styles

Image File history File links Emblem-important. ...

Bomb lowrider

A "bomb" is a lowrider based on an American car from the 1930's to late 1950s. These often pass for restored factory vehicles, albeit with the lowered stance and hydraulic or air suspension. Period accessories such as sun visors, Appleton spotlights, fender skirts, swamp coolers, Curb feelers and Continental kits are also commonplace. Sun visor inside a 1993 Jeep Grand Cherokee. ... 1962 Cadillac Series 62 with rear wheels covered by detachable Fender Skirts 1986 Citroën CX Fender skirts are pieces of bodywork that cover the upper portions of the rear tires of an automobile. ... Swamp coolers (also called evaporative coolers or Air coolers) are air conditioners used to cool buildings in dry climates. ... Curb feeler mounted behind the front wheel of a 1950s Rambler American. ... 1956 Nash four-door sedan with factory color matched Continental tire. ...


Traditional lowrider

Traditional lowriders are cars from the early 1960s onwards such as the Chevy Impala, Chevrolet Monte Carlo, Buick Regal, Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme, Lincoln Continentals, and Pontiac Grand Prix. Some pass for restored stock vehicles, though others are radically modified to the extent of becoming pure show cars. Modifications like targa tops, suicide doors and the like are common on show cars because more modifications mean more points are given by judges. The quality of the modifications in terms of execution is an important criterium for judging. 1968 Chevrolet Impala at the weekly Garden Grove, California car show on April 16, 2004. ... The Chevrolet Monte Carlo is an American mid-size car. ... The Buick Regal is a mid-size car produced by General Motors Buick division from 1973 through 2004, during which Buick also used the Century name on mid-size models; the two frequently shared bodies and powertrains. ... The Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme was a mid-size car produced by General Motors for the American market. ... The Lincoln Continental, an automobile produced by the Lincoln division of Ford Motor Company, began for the 1939 model year. ... The Pontiac Grand Prix is an automobile produced by the Pontiac division of General Motors. ... Targa top body style on a Porsche 914 Targa top, targa for short, is a semi-convertible car body style with a removable roof section and a full width roll bar behind the seats. ... Rear suicide door on a 1967 Thunderbird suicide doors in a 1952 Saab 92B Suicide doors are automobile doors that are hinged on the edges closer to the back of the vehicle. ...

1980 Monte Carlo Lowrider by Enchanted Dreamz Car Club

Hydraulics

Competition Hopper

Competition hoppers are cars that have been built with an emphasis on their hydraulic suspension and ability to hop in order to win competitions. These cars usually have less luxury and artistic modifications. Hoppers have extensively modified suspension in order to achieve the highest possible hop.


See also

Car redirects here. ... Camp is an aesthetic in which something has appeal because of its bad taste or ironic value. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Ford Model A Four-door 1948 Buick Eight convertible 1959 Chevrolet Impala A yank tank or maquina in Havana, Cuba Another yank tank in Havana 1967 Ford Mustang Coupe Classic car is a term frequently used to describe an older car, but the exact meaning is subject to differences in... A custom 1974 Ford Taunus 2000 GXL. The car has had a roof chop, been shaved of all trim, with vents cut into the rear quarter panels and an all steel body kit moulded into the body. ... The cover of a Donk magazine Donk is a slang term referring to a type of highly customized automobile, typically an inexpensive American-built sedan modified by significantly increasing the ground clearance and adding large-diameter wheels with low-profile tires. ... T-Bucket hot rod Hot rods are older, often historical, cars. ... Ramone is a fictional character from the Disney/Pixar 2006 film, Cars. ... A lowrider bicycle is a highly customized bike with stylings inspired by lowrider cars. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
lowrider.html (1254 words)
Lowrider Magazine, which started in 1977 to represent the lowriding lifestyle, is the best-selling automotive publication on the newsstand, surpassing such automotive icons as Car and Driver, Sport Truck and Hot Rod, according to the Audit Bureau of Circulations.
Since then, lowriders began installing hydraulics so that a car that seems to be only two or three inches of the ground can be raised to eight or 10 inches to go over curbs, railroad tracks or past a police car.
Lowriders that are lifted with hydraulics usually have separate systems for the front and the back, each running off two or three batteries kept in the trunk of the car.
Lowrider Bicycle History - Lowrider Bicycle Magazine (1499 words)
Although California was the hub of lowriding and the source for all of the early covers, eventually the lowrider bike craze spread to other States and everybody began wondering what would be the first out of state cover bike.
This was the beginning for more usage of lowrider bikes in commercials, as the industry loved the lifestyle involved with the bikes and wanted to capitalize on the hot youth trend.
Lowrider bike history goes back years before LRB, but we wanted to show you a few images courtesy of Armando Avila, who took the time to scan some images from his own collection.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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