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Encyclopedia > Lower Saxony
Niedersachsen
Lower Saxony
Flag
Coat of arms Location
Coat of arms of Lower Saxony Map of Germany, location of Lower Saxony highlighted
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Administration
Country Germany
NUTS Region DE9
Capital Hanover
Prime Minister Christian Wulff (CDU)
Governing parties CDUFDP
Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69)
Basic statistics
Area  47,624 km² (18,388 sq mi)
Population 7,984,000 (11/2006)[1]
 - Density 168 /km² (434 /sq mi)
Other information
GDP/ Nominal € 188 billion (2005)
Website www.niedersachsen.de

With an area of 47,624 km² and nearly eight million inhabitants, Lower Saxony (German: Niedersachsen [ˈniːdɐzaksn̩]) lies in north-western Germany and is second in area and fourth in population among the sixteen Länder (states) of Germany. In rural areas Low German is still spoken, but the number of speakers is declining. Image File history File links Flag_of_Lower_Saxony. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Lower_Saxony. ... Image File history File links Deutschland_Lage_von_Niedersachsen. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) is a geocode standard for referencing the administrative division of countries for statistical purposes. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... Capital City is a 60-minute television show produced by Euston Films that ran for 13 episodes in 1989 on ITV. This drama focused on the lives of investment bankers in London living and working on the corporate trading floor for the fictional international bank Shane-Longman. ... Hanover (German: , IPA: ), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... A minister-president (Ministerpräsident) is the head of government of a German federal state; the office corresponds to the governorship of a state in the United States. ... Christian Wulff, Premier of Lower Saxony Christian Wulff (born June 19, 1959 in Osnabrück) is a German politician (CDU) and Premier(Ministerpräsident) of Lower Saxony since March 4, 2003. ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... The Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei - FDP) is a liberal political party in Germany. ... The Bundesrat (federal council) is the representation of the 16 Federal States (Länder) of Germany at the federal level. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... IMF 2005 figures of total GDP of nominal compared to PPP. Absolute, not adjusted for population. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, images, videos and other digital assets and hosted on a particular domain or subdomain on the World Wide Web. ... Northern Germany is the the geographic area of the five German states Bremen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen and Schleswig-Holstein in the German Lowlands known as the Northern German Plain with Low German as the historic language (see: Benrath line). ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Low German (also called Plattdeutsch, Plattdüütsch or Low Saxon) is a name for the regional language varieties of the West Germanic languages spoken mainly in Northern Germany where it is officially called Niederdeutsch (Low German), and in Eastern Netherlands where it is officially called Nedersaksisch (Low Saxon). Low refers...

Contents

Geography

Lower Saxony borders on (from north and clockwise) the North Sea, the states of Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia, Hesse and North Rhine-Westphalia, and the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The state of Bremen forms two enclaves within Lower Saxony. The state's principal cities include Hanover, Braunschweig (Brunswick), Osnabrück, Oldenburg, and Göttingen. The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 Bundesländer in Germany. ... Hamburg from above Hamburgs motto: May the posterity endeavour with dignity to conserve the freedom, which the forefathers acquired. ... Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (German: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) is a Bundesland (federal state) in northern Germany. ...   (Lower Sorbian: Bramborska; Upper Sorbian: Braniborska) is one of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states). ... With an area of 20,447 km² and a population of 2. ... The Free State of Thuringia (German: Freistaat Thüringen) is located in central Germany and is considered one of the smaller of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states), with an area of 16,200 km² and 2. ... Hesse (German: Hessen) is a state of Germany with an area of 21,110 km² and just over six million inhabitants. ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: , usually shortened to NRW) is - in terms of population and economic output - the largest and westernmost Federal State of Germany. ... The Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (official name in German: Freie Hansestadt Bremen) is the smallest of Germanys 16 Federal States (Bundesländer). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hanover (German: , IPA: ), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Braunschweig Braunschweig [ˈbraunʃvaik] (English & French: Brunswick) is a city of 245,500 people (as of December 31, 2004), located in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Osnabrück is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, some 80 km NNE of Dortmund, 45 km NE of Münster, and some 100 km due west of Hanover. ... Oldenburg (Low German: Ollnborg) is an Independent City in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Göttingen ( ) is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ...


The northwestern portion of Lower Saxony is a part of Frisia; it is called Ostfriesland (East Frisia) and lies on the coast of the North Sea. It includes seven islands, known as the East Frisian Islands. In the southwest of Lower Saxony is the Emsland, a sparsely populated area, once full of inaccessible swamps. The northern half of Lower Saxony is absolutely flat, but there are two mountain chains in the south: the Weserbergland ("Weser Hilly Region") and the Harz. The middle of the state houses the largest cities and the economic centres: Hanover, Hildesheim, Wolfsburg, Salzgitter and Braunschweig. The region in the northeast is called Lüneburger Heide (Lüneburg Heath), the largest heath of Germany and in medieval times wealthy due to the salt trade. To the north the Elbe river separates Lower Saxony from Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Brandenburg. The area on the southern banks is called Altes Land, and it is characterised by thousands of fruit trees. See also List of places in Lower Saxony. Satellite view of the German Bight (the Frisian Coast). ... The landscape to the north of Greetsiel, in East Frisia. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... The East Frisian Islands (German: Ostfriesische Inseln) are a chain of islands in the North Sea, off the coast of Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Emsland is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... The Weserbergland is a hilly region (thus the name, Weser hilly region) in Germany (Lower Saxony, Hesse, and Nordrhein-Westfalen), between Hannoversch Münden and Porta Westfalica. ... The Harz is a mountain range in northern Germany. ... Hanover (German: , IPA: ), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... â–¶ (help· info) is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Wolfsburg is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Salzgitter is a city in southeast Lower Saxony, Germany, located between Hildesheim and Braunschweig. ... Map of Germany showing Braunschweig Braunschweig [ˈbraunʃvaik] (English & French: Brunswick) is a city of 245,500 people (as of December 31, 2004), located in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... The Lüneburg Heath (German: Lüneburger Heide) is a region in Lower Saxony in Germany. ... This article is about a river in Central Europe. ... Altes Land is an area of marshland south of the river Elbe in Hamburg and Lower Saxony around the towns of Stade, Buxtehude, Jork and the Samtgemeinde of Lühe. ... This is a list of geographical features in the state of Lower Saxony, Germany. ...


Lower Saxony is divided into 38 districts (Landkreise or simply Kreise):

Map of Lower Saxony with the district boundaries
  1. Ammerland
  2. Aurich (includes Juist, Norderney and Baltrum)
  3. Grafschaft Bentheim
  4. Celle
  5. Cloppenburg
  6. Cuxhaven
  7. Diepholz
  8. Emsland
  9. Friesland (includes Wangerooge)
  10. Gifhorn
  11. Goslar
  12. Göttingen
  13. Hamelin-Pyrmont (Hameln-Pyrmont)
  1. Hanover (Hannover)
  2. Harburg
  3. Helmstedt
  4. Hildesheim
  5. Holzminden
  6. Leer (includes Borkum)
  7. Lüchow-Dannenberg
  8. Lüneburg
  9. Nienburg
  10. Northeim
  11. Oldenburg
  12. Osnabrück
  13. Osterholz
  1. Osterode
  2. Peine
  3. Rotenburg
  4. Schaumburg
  5. Soltau-Fallingbostel
  6. Stade
  7. Uelzen
  8. Vechta
  9. Verden
  10. Wesermarsch
  11. Wittmund (includes Langeoog and Spiekeroog)
  12. Wolfenbüttel

Furthermore there are eight urban districts: Image File history File links De-ni-kreise. ... Ammerland is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Aurich is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Juist is one of the seven inhabited East Frisian Islands at the edge of the lower saxon Wadden Sea in the southern North Sea, located between Borkum Island (west), Memmert Island (southwest) and Norderney (east). ... Norderney is one of the seven populated East Frisian Islands off the coast of Germany. ... Baltrum is an island near the coast of East Frisia, Germany. ... Bentheim (in full Grafschaft Bentheim) is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Celle is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Cloppenburg is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Cuxhaven is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Diepholz is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Emsland is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Friesland is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Wangerooge is one of the 32 Frisian Islands in the North Sea that are located close to the coasts of the Netherlands , Germany and Denmark. ... Gifhorn is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Goslar is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Göttingen is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Hamelin-Pyrmont (German Hameln-Pyrmont) is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Hanover (officially Region Hannover) is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... (This article is about the district in northern Germany. ... Helmstedt is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Hildesheim is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Holzminden is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Leer is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Borkum photographed from a lighthouse Borkum is an island in the Leer District in Lower Saxony, northwestern Germany. ... Lüchow-Dannenberg is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Lüneburg is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Nienburg is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Northeim is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Oldenburg is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Osnabrück is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Osterode is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Peine is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Rotenburg is a district (Landkreis) in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... For the city Schaumburg in the United States see Schaumburg, Illinois and for the castle in Lower Saxony near Rinteln, see Schaumburg. ... Soltau-Fallingbostel is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Stade is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Uelzen is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Vechta is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Verden is a Kreis (district) in the centre of Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Wesermarsch is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Wittmund is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Langeoogis one of the seven inhabited East Frisian Islandsat the edge of the lower saxon Wadden Seain the southern North Sea, located between BaltrumIsland (west), and Spiekeroog(east). ... Location of Spiekeroog in Germany Spiekeroog is one of the East Frisian Islands, off the North Sea coast of Germany. ... Wolfenbüttel is a Kreis (district) in the southeastern part of Lower Saxony, Germany. ...

  1. Braunschweig (Brunswick)
  2. Delmenhorst
  3. Emden
  4. Oldenburg
  5. Osnabrück
  6. Salzgitter
  7. Wilhelmshaven
  8. Wolfsburg

Map of Germany showing Braunschweig Braunschweig [ˈbraunʃvaik] (English & French: Brunswick) is a city of 245,500 people (as of December 31, 2004), located in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Delmenhorst is an urban district (Kreisfreie Stadt) in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Emden is a city and seaport in the northwest of Germany, on river Ems. ... Oldenburg (Low German: Ollnborg) is an Independent City in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Osnabrück is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, some 80 km NNE of Dortmund, 45 km NE of Münster, and some 100 km due west of Hanover. ... Salzgitter is a city in southeast Lower Saxony, Germany, located between Hildesheim and Braunschweig. ... Wilhelmshaven is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Wolfsburg is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ...

History

Ordinance No. 55, with which on November 22, 1946 the British military government founded the state Lower Saxony retroactively to November 1, 1946.
Ordinance No. 55, with which on November 22, 1946 the British military government founded the state Lower Saxony retroactively to November 1, 1946.

The area is named after the Saxons. The Saxons lived in today's state of Schleswig-Holstein and merged with the Chauci on the left bank of the river Elbe until the middle of the 1st millennium AD. They then expanded over the whole of today's Lower Saxony and further. Originally the region was simply called Saxony, but as the center of gravity of the Duchy of Saxony gradually moved up the Elbe, towards the present-day states of Saxony-Anhalt and Saxony, the region was given the name of Lower Saxony, which it bore as an Imperial Circle Estate from the late 15th century on. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 443 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1515 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 443 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1515 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ... For other uses, see Saxon (disambiguation). ... Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 Bundesländer in Germany. ... The Chauci were a populous Germanic tribe inhabiting the extreme northwestern shore of Germany during Roman times - basically the stretch of coast between Frisia in the west to the Elbe estuary in the east. ... The Duchy of Saxony was a medieval Duchy covering the greater part of Northern Germany. ... With an area of 20,447 km² and a population of 2. ... The Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen; Sorbian: Swobodny Stat Sakska) is the easternmost federal state of Germany. ... In 1495, the Holy Roman Empire was divided into Imperial Circles (in German: Reichskreise). ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


The state was founded in 1946 by the British military administration, who merged the former states of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Oldenburg, and Schaumburg-Lippe with the former Prussian province of Hanover. 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Brunswick-Lüneburg was an historical state within the Holy Roman Empire. ... Oldenburg is a historical state in todays Germany named for its capital, Oldenburg. ... Capital Bückeburg Government Republic Minister President  - 1918 Friedrich Freiherr von Feilitzsch  - 1933-1945 Karl Dreier History  - German Revolution 15 November, 1918  - Disestablished 1 November, 1946 Area  - 1939 340 km2 131 sq mi Population  - 1939 est. ... Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2... Capital Hanover Head of State King of Hanover Hanover (German: Hannover) is a historical territory in todays Germany. ...


After the Second World War, the military authorities appointed the first Legislative Assembly (Landtag) in 1946, followed by a direct election of Lower Saxony's legislature a year later. It resulted in the election of Social Democrat leader Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf, who became the first prime minister. Kopf led a five-party coalition, whose basic task was to rebuild a state affected by the war's rigours. Kopf's cabinet had to organise an improvement of food supplies and the reconstruction of the cities and towns destroyed by the Allied air raids of the war years. In addition, the first state government also faced the challenge of integrating hundreds of thousands of refugees from Germany's former territories in the east (such as Silesia and East Prussia), which had been annexed by Poland and the Soviet Union. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... SPD redirects here. ... Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf was First Minister of Lower Saxony from 1946 to 1955 and from 1959 to 1961. ... Silesia (Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlónsk) is a historical region in central Europe. ... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ...


Between 1978 and 2004, the state's districts and independent towns were grouped into four administrative regions (Regierungsbezirke): Since 2004 the Bezirksregierungen have been broken up again. 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ...

Braunschweig (sometimes in English Brunswick) is one of the four Regierungsbezirke of Lower Saxony, Germany, located in the southeast of the state. ... Hanover (German Hannover) is the one of the four Regierungsbezirke of Lower Saxony, Germany, located in the south of the state around the city of Hanover. ... Lüneburg was one of the four Regierungsbezirke of Lower Saxony, Germany, located in the north of the federal state between the three big cities Bremen, Hamburg and Hanover. ... Weser-Ems is the most westerly of the four Regierungsbezirke of Lower Saxony, Germany, bordering the Dutch provinces of Groningen, Drenthe and Overijssel. ...

Economy

Niedersachsen is one of Europe's leading producers of oil. Wheat, potatoes, rye, and oats are some of their major agricultural products. Mineral products include iron and lignite. Manufacturing is another large part of their economy. This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 For the indie rock group see: Wheat (band). ... Binomial name Solanum tuberosum L. The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial plant of the Solanaceae, or nightshade, family, grown for its starchy tuber. ... Binomial name Secale cereale M.Bieb. ... Species References ITIS 41455 2002-09-22 Oats are the seeds of any of several cereal grains in the genus Avena. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... Coal Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by mining. ... Manufacturing , a branch of industry, is the application of tools and a processing medium to the transformation of raw materials into finished goods for sale. ...


Coat of arms

The coat of arms shows a white horse (Niedersachsenross) on red ground, which is an old symbol of the Saxon people. A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ...


Politics

The political direction of the State of Lower Saxony has evolved and has been a reflection of its times. In general terms, the political preferences of Lower Saxony's citizens tend to be oriented along the lines of Germany's federal politics. Basically, the parties constituting the federal government could often fart on a state administration sympathetic to its policy aims. Particularly in recent times, however, this rule has given way to a more flexible and, to some extent, volatile attitude amongst voters in one of Germany's most populous states.


February 2, 2003 state elections

See also: Lower Saxony state election, 2003 The Lower Saxony state election, 2003, was conducted on February 2, 2003, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Lower Saxony. ...


The SPD vote share fell dramatically, and Christian Wulff (CDU) was able to form a CDU-FDP coalition and become Prime Minister instead of Sigmar Gabriel (SPD). Christian Wulff, Premier of Lower Saxony Christian Wulff (born June 19, 1959 in Osnabrück) is a German politician (CDU) and Premier(Ministerpräsident) of Lower Saxony since March 4, 2003. ... Sigmar Gabriel, February 2, 2003 in Hanover (Landtag of Lower Saxony) Sigmar Gabriel (born September 12, 1959 in Goslar) is a German politician (SPD). ...

Party Party List votes Vote percentage Total Seats Seat percentage
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 1,925,055 48.3% (+12.4) 91 (+29) 49.7%
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 1,330,156 33.4% (-14.5) 63 (-20) 34.4%
Alliance '90/The Greens 304,532 7.6% (+0.6) 14 (+2) 7.7%
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 323,107 8.1% (+3.2) 15 (+15) 8.2%
Law and Order Offensive Party 40,342 1.0% (+1.0) 0 (=) 0.0%
All Others 60,817 1.5% (-2.7) 0 (=) 0.0%
Totals 3,984,009 100.0% 183 (+26) 100.0%
Seat results — SPD in red, CDU in black, Greens in green, FDP in yellow
Seat results — SPD in red, CDU in black, Greens in green, FDP in yellow


The Christian Democratic Union (CDU - Christlich-Demokratische Union) is a political party in Germany. ... SPD redirects here. ... Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (literally: Alliance 90/The Greens), the German Green Party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ... The Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei - FDP) is a liberal political party in Germany. ... The Law and Order Offensive Party (German: Partei Rechtsstaatlicher Offensive), short form Offensive D (the D means Deutschland/Germany) is a minor political party in Germany. ... Image File history File links 2003_lowersaxony_landtag_result. ... Image File history File links 2003_lowersaxony_landtag_result. ...

List of minister presidents of Lower Saxony

  1. 1946 - 1955: Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf (SPD)
  2. 1955 - 1959: Heinrich Hellwege (DP)
  3. 1959 - 1961: Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf (SPD)
  4. 1961 - 1970: Georg Diederichs (SPD)
  5. 1970 - 1976: Alfred Kubel (SPD)
  6. 1976 - 1990: Ernst Albrecht (CDU)
  7. 1990 - 1998: Gerhard Schröder (SPD)
  8. 1998 - 1999: Gerhard Glogowski (SPD)
  9. 1999 - 2003: Sigmar Gabriel (SPD)
  10. since 2003: Christian Wulff (CDU)

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf was First Minister of Lower Saxony from 1946 to 1955 and from 1959 to 1961. ... SPD redirects here. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The German Party (Deutsche Partei) is a minor German political party. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf was First Minister of Lower Saxony from 1946 to 1955 and from 1959 to 1961. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Alfred Kubel (25 May 1909, Braunschweig – 22 May 1999, Bad Pyrmont) was a German socialist politician. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... Ernst Albrecht (born June 29, 1930 in Heidelberg) is a German politician (CDU) and was Minister-President of Lower Saxony from 1976 until 1990. ... The Christian Democratic Union (CDU - Christlich-Demokratische Union) is a political party in Germany. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ...   [] (born April 7, 1944), German politician, was Chancellor of Germany from 1998 to 2005. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Gerhard Glogowski (born February 11, 1943 in Hanover) is a German politician (SPD) and was Minister-President of Lower Saxony from October 28, 1998 till November 26, 1999. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sigmar Gabriel, February 2, 2003 in Hanover (Landtag of Lower Saxony) Sigmar Gabriel (born September 12, 1959 in Goslar) is a German politician (SPD). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Christian Wulff, Premier of Lower Saxony Christian Wulff (born June 19, 1959 in Osnabrück) is a German politician (CDU) and Premier(Ministerpräsident) of Lower Saxony since March 4, 2003. ...

External links

References

  1. ^ State population. Portal of the Federal Statistics Office Germany. Retrieved on 2007-04-25.

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Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Lower Saxony (719 words)
Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) Region of n Germany, formed in 1946 by the merging of the provinces of Hanover, Brunswick, Oldenberg, and Schaumberg–Lippe; the capital is Hanover.
It is bordered on the east by Brandenburg, on the west by Lower Saxony, and in the south by Thuringia and Saxony.
It is bordered on the south by Bavaria, on the east by Saxony, on the north by Saxony-Anhalt and Lower Saxony, and on the west by Hesse.
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