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Encyclopedia > Lower Manhattan Expressway
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The Lower Manhattan Expressway (also known as the Canal Street Expressway or LOMEX) was a controversial plan for an expressway through lower Manhattan conceptualized by master builder Robert Moses in the early 1960s. It was to be an eight-lane elevated highway, stretching from the East River to the Hudson River, connecting the Holland Tunnel on the west side to the Williamsburg and Manhattan Bridges to the east. By 1961, Moses had set in motion two immense federal initiatives, which would have leveled fourteen blocks along Broome Street in SoHo. The highway would have required thousands of historic structures to be condemned, and would have displaced nearly 10,000 residents and workers. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... An expressway is a divided highway, usually 4 lanes or wider. ... The Borough of Manhattan, highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ... Robert Moses (1888–1981) Robert Moses (December 18, 1888 – July 29, 1981) was the master builder of mid-20th century New York City, Long Island, and other suburbs. ... Category: ... New York City waterways: 1. ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, is a river running mainly through New York State but partly forming the boundary between the states of New York and New Jersey. ... Clifford Milburn Holland, 1919 Traveling through the Holland Tunnel, from Manhattan to New Jersey. ... The Williamsburg Bridge is a suspension bridge in New York City across the East River connecting Manhattan at Delancey St. ... The Manhattan Bridge is a suspension bridge that crosses the East River in New York City, connecting Lower Manhattan with Brooklyn. ... Soho is an area of central Londons West End, in the borough of the City of Westminster. ... Category: ...


Members of the affected communities, led by community activist Jane Jacobs, banded together to fight the expressway. They held rallies, staged demonstrations and attended hearings to block the expressway at every step of the process. On December 11, 1962, there was a special executive session of the New York City Board of Estimate on the second floor of New York City Hall, where city officials voted unanimously to block the planned expressway. Assemblyman Louis DeSalvio said in a speech: Jane Jacobs Jane Jacobs, OC , O.Ont (May 4, 1916 – April 25, 2006) was an American-born Canadian writer and activist. ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... The New York City Board of Estimate was a governmental body in New York City, responsible for budget and land-use decisions. ... ...

"Except for one old man, I’ve been unable to find anyone of technical competence who is for this so-called expressway. And this old man is a cantankerous, stubborn old man who has done many things which may have, in their time, been good for New York City. But I think it is time for this stubborn old man to realize that too many of his dreams turn out to be nightmares for the city. And this board must realize that if it does not kill this stupid example of bad city planning, that the stench of it will haunt them and this great city for many years to come."

The final plan, approved by the Board of Estimate on September 15, 1960, would have cost over $80,000,000, later rising to $100,000,000. It would be mostly elevated, with the spur to the Williamsburg Bridge mostly depressed, passing under Chrystie Street and the Chrystie Street Connection of the New York City Subway. The short section directly under Chrystie Street, with its south edge aligned with the north edge of Broome Street, was actually built; the low bid of $1,017,585 was accepted on January 26, 1961 for this 156-foot (48-meter) section, and the road was completed in January 1964. September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... The Williamsburg Bridge is a suspension bridge in New York City across the East River connecting Manhattan at Delancey St. ... The Chrystie Street Connection is a major connecting line of the New York City Subway System, and is one of the few connections between lines of the BMT and IND divisions. ... The New York City Subway system is a rapid transit system operated by the New York City Transit Authority, an affiliate of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority as MTA New York City Transit. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ...


The route from the Holland Tunnel to the Williamsburg Bridge was planned as part of Interstate 78, and the main line from the split to the Manhattan Bridge was to be Interstate 478 (later assigned to the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel and West Side Highway). This Interstate Highway article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject U.S. Interstate Highways. ... Interstate 478 (abbreviated I-478) is an unsigned Interstate Highway in New York City. ... The Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel is a toll road in New York City which crosses under the East River at its mouth and connects the Boroughs of Brooklyn and Manhattan, nearly passing under, but providing no access to Governors Island. ... The last elevated portion of the West Side Highway by Trump Place apartment complex The West Side Highway (officially the Joe DiMaggio Highway, formerly the Miller Highway) is a mostly-surface section of New York State Route 9A (NY 9A) that runs from West 72nd Street along the Hudson River...


Robert Moses planned to build other expressways through Manhattan, most of which were never constructed as planned. The Mid-Manhattan Expressway would have been an elevated highway running above 30th Street. The Upper Manhattan Expressway would have run at ground level at 125th Street. The Trans-Manhattan Expressway, the only one of Moses's planned Manhattan expressways ever constructed, connecting the George Washington Bridge with the Cross-Bronx Expressway, was completed in 1962. In 1937, plans were discussed for an for an expressway link crossing Midtown Manhattan. ... 125th Street between Park Avenue and Madison Avenue Christmas shopping on 125th Street 125th Street is a two-way street that runs east-west in the New York City borough of Manhattan, considered the Main Street of Harlem; It is also called Martin Luther King, Jr. ... The Trans-Manhattan Expressway is a highway in New York City. ... For the bridge in New York that crosses the Harlem River, see Washington Bridge. ... The Cross-Bronx Expressway is an expressway in New York City. ...


See also

The Freeway Revolts (sometimes expressway revolts) refer to a phenomenon encountered in the United States in the 1960s and 1970s, where planned freeway construction in many U.S. cities was halted due to widespread public opposition; especially of those whose neighborhoods would be disrupted or displaced by the proposed freeways. ... This Interstate Highway article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject U.S. Interstate Highways. ... New York State Route 878 (NY 878) is a state highway in the U.S. state of New York, forming the Nassau Expressway. ...

External links

References

  • State Presses City on Starting Lower Manhattan Expressway, New York Times December 26, 1960, page 1.
  • City Link Gets Start, New York Times January 27, 1961, page 13.
  • Verrazano Link Will Open on S.I., New York Times January 27, 1964, page 25.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lower Manhattan Expressway (I-78 and I-478, unbuilt) (3556 words)
The first proposal for a controlled-access highway across lower Manhattan appeared in the 1929 Regional Plan Association report, "Plan of New York and Its Environs." As an integral part of the tri-state network of expressways and parkways, the Lower Manhattan Expressway was to connect the Holland Tunnel with Brooklyn.
Lower Manhattan Crosstown Highway: This is a much-needed crosstown connection between the Manhattan and Williamsburg bridges, and the Holland Tunnel, serving local cross-Manhattan traffic as well as traffic from the bridges and the tunnel.
The elevated expressway, which was expected to handle 120,000 vehicles per day (AADT), was to have been constructed within a 250-to-350 foot-wide right-of-way, with a clearance of 50 to 60 feet between the edge of the expressway and the nearest buildings.
Lower Manhattan Expressway - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (598 words)
The Lower Manhattan Expressway (also known as the Canal Street Expressway or LOMEX) was a controversial plan for an expressway through lower Manhattan conceptualized by master builder Robert Moses in the early 1960s.
It was to be an eight-lane elevated highway, stretching from the East River to the Hudson River, connecting the Holland Tunnel on the west side to the Williamsburg and Manhattan Bridges to the east.
The route from the Holland Tunnel to the Williamsburg Bridge was planned as part of Interstate 78, and the main line from the split to the Manhattan Bridge was to be Interstate 478 (later assigned to the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel and West Side Highway).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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