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Encyclopedia > Lower House

A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house. In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... An upper house (Frequently known as a Senate) is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the lower house. ...


Despite its theoretical position "below" the upper house, in many legislatures worldwide the lower house has come to wield more power. The supremacy of the lower house usually arises from special restrictions placed (either explicitly by legislation or implicitly by convention) on the powers of the upper house, which often can only delay rather than veto legislation or has less control over money bills. Under parliamentary systems it is usually the lower house alone that designates the head of government or prime minister, and may remove them through a vote of no confidence. There are exceptions to this however, such as the Prime Minister of Japan, who is formally selected with the approval of both houses of the Diet. A legislature composed of only one house is described as unicameral. A money bill is a bill that solely concerns taxation or government spending, as opposed to changes in public law. ... A parliamentary system, or parliamentarism, is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, tone, style, and voice). ... Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister A prime minister may be either: chief or leading member of the cabinet of the top-level government in a country having a parliamentary system of government; or the official, in countries with a semi-presidential system of government, appointed to manage the... A Motion of No Confidence, also called Motion of Non Confidence is a parliamentary motion traditionally put before a parliament by the opposition in the hope of defeating or embarrassing a government. ... The Prime Minister of Japan (内閣総理大臣 Naikaku sōri daijin) is the English political nomenclature of the head of government of Japan. ... The National Diet of Japan (国会 kokkai) is Japans legislature. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ...

Contents


Common attributes

In comparison with the upper house, lower houses frequently display the certain characteristics:

  • Given greater power, usually based on restrictions against the upper house.
  • Directly elected (apportionment is usually based on population).
  • Given more members.
  • Elected more often, and all at once.
  • Given total or original control over budget and monetary laws.
  • Able to override the upper house in some ways.
  • In a Presidential system, given the sole power to impeach the executive (The upper house then has to try the impeached).

Apportionment, or reapportionment, is the process of determining representation in politics within a legislative body by creating constituencies. ... A presidential system, or a congressional system, is a system of government of a republic where the executive branch is elected separately from the legislative. ...

Titles of lower houses

Common names

Many lower houses are named in the following pattern: House/Chamber of Representatives/the People/Commons/Deputies. House of Representatives is a name used for legislative bodies in many countries. ... The National Assembly is the name of either a legislature, or the lower house of a bicameral legislature in some countries. ... The Chamber of Deputies is the name given to the lower house of the bicameral legislatures of the following countries: It is also the name given to the unicameral parliaments of the following countries: Historically, the Chamber of Deputies (fr:Chambre des députés) was the lower house of... House of Assembly is a name given to the legislature or lower house of a bicameral legislature, in some countries, often at subnational level. ... This article is about the term as used within the Commonwealth of Nations; there is also an Legislative Assembly in Oregon and there used to be a Legislative Assembly in France during the French Revolution. ... British House of Commons Canadian House of Commons In some bicameral parliaments of a Westminster System, the House of Commons has historically been the name of the elected lower house. ... There are at least four political assemblies known as the Chamber of Representatives. ...


Less common titles

The Spanish Congress of Deputies (Spanish: Congreso de los Diputados) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spains legislative branch. ... The term National Council may refer to: The National Council of Austria (Nationalrat) The National Council of Monaco The National Council of the Slovak Republic (Národná rada) The National Council of Slovenia (Državni svet) The National Council of Switzerland (Nationalrat, Conseil national) State National Council in Poland, 1944... Dáil Éireann[1] is the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament) of the Republic of Ireland. ... The State Duma (Russian: Государственная дума (Gosudarstvennaya Duma), common abbreviation: Госдума (Gosduma)) in the Russian Federation is the lower house of the Federal Assembly of Russia (legislature), the upper house being the Federation Council of Russia. ... The House of Keys is the directly elected lower Branch of Tynwald the Parliament of the Isle of Man, the other of the two Branches being the Legislative Council. ... Lok Sabha The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the lower house of Parliament of India. ... This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ... The Tweede Kamer (second chamber) is the lower house of the Staten-Generaal, the parliament in the Netherlands. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
House of Representatives of Japan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (480 words)
The House of Councillors of Japan is the upper house.
If a bill is passed by the lower house, the House of Representatives, but is voted down by the upper house, the House of Councillors, the House of Representatives can override the decision of the other chamber by a two-thirds vote in the affirmative.
Thus the House of Representatives is considered to be more sensitive to public opinion, and is termed the "lower house." This term is also a legacy of the 1889 Meiji Constitution, when the House of Peers functioned as an aristocratic upper house in a format similar to the Westminster system of the time.
Lower house - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (276 words)
A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.
The supremacy of the lower house usually arises from special restrictions placed (either explicitly by legislation or implicitly by convention) on the powers of the upper house, which often can only delay rather than veto legislation or has less control over money bills.
Under parliamentary systems it is usually the lower house alone that designates the head of government or prime minister, and may remove them through a vote of no confidence.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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