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Encyclopedia > Lower Canada
Map of Lower Canada (green)
Map of Lower Canada (green)

Lower Canada was a British colony on the lower Saint Lawrence River and the shores of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence (1791-1841). It covered the southern portion of the modern-day province of Qu├ębec, Canada, as well as the Labrador region of the modern-day province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1688x1099, 73 KB) Map of Lower Canada (green). ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1688x1099, 73 KB) Map of Lower Canada (green). ... British colonization of the Americas began under the Kingdom of England in the late 16th century, before reaching its peak after the Acts of Union 1707, which established the Kingdom of Great Britain. ... The Saint Lawrence River (French: fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large west-to-east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... Bathymetry of the Gulf, with the Laurentian Channel visible Gulf of Saint Lawrence (French: golfe du Saint-Laurent), the worlds largest estuary, is the outlet of North Americas Great Lakes via the Saint Lawrence River into the Atlantic Ocean. ... During the 1960s, a terrorist group known as the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) launched a decade of bombings, robberies and attacks on government offices. ... This article is about the region in Canada. ... Motto: Quaerite Prime Regnum Dei (Latin: Seek ye first the kingdom of God) Official languages English Flower Pitcher Plant Tree Black Spruce Bird Atlantic Puffin Capital St. ...


History

Lower Canada was created by the Constitutional Act of 1791 from the partition of the British colony of the Province of Quebec (1763-1791) into the Provinces of Lower Canada and Upper Canada. The Constitutional Act of 1791 was a British law which changed the government of the province of Quebec to accommodate the many English-speaking settlers, known as the United Empire Loyalists, who had arrived from the United States following the American Revolution. ... A portion of eastern North America; the 1763 Proclamation line is the border between the red and the pink areas. ... Map of Upper Canada (orange) Upper Canada was a British territory in what is now the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


Lower Canada consisted of part of the former French colony of New France, ceded to Great Britain after that empire's victory in the Seven Years' War, also called the French and Indian Wars in the United States. Other parts of New France ceded to Britain became the Colonies of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... New France (French: la Nouvelle-France) describes the area colonized by France in North America during a period extending from the exploration of the Saint Lawrence River, by Jacques Cartier in 1534, to the cession of New France to the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1763. ... Combatants Prussia (led by Friedrick the Great) Great Britain (led by King George II and Duke of Cumberland) Hanover Ireland Portugal Brunswick (led by Prince Ferdinand) Hesse-Kassel Austria (led by Queen Maria Theresa) France (led by King Louis XV) Russia Sweden Spain Saxony Strength 160,000 120,000 Casualties... The French and Indian Wars is a name used in the United States for a series of conflicts in North America that represented the actions there that accompanied the European dynastic wars. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages none (English, French, Gaelic) Flower Trailing arbutus Tree Red Spruce Bird Osprey Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 11 10 Area... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Official languages English, French Flower Purple Violet Tree Balsam Fir Bird Black-capped Chickadee Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Shawn Graham (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 10 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked... Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti The Small Protected By The Great) Official languages English Flower Ladys Slipper Tree Red Oak Bird Blue Jay Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor Barbara Oliver Hagerman Premier Pat Binns (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 4 4 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of...


Rebellion

Like Upper Canada, there was political unrest and a rebellion challenged the British rule of predominantly French population. After the Patriote Rebellion was crushed by the British army and Loyal volunteers, the 1791 Constitution was suspended on March 27, 1838 and a special council was appointed to administer the colony. Map of Upper Canada (orange) Upper Canada was a British territory in what is now the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Flag used by the Patriotes between 1832 and 1838 The Lower Canada Rebellion is the name given to the armed conflict between the rebels of Lower Canada (now Quebec) and the British colonial power of that province. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in leap years). ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Special Council of Lower Canada was an appointed body which administered Lower Canada until the Union Act of 1840 created the Province of Canada. ...


Lower Canada, Upper Canada and their legislatures were abolished in 1841 with the coming into effect of the The Union Act, passed on July 23, 1840. The act abolished the legislatures of Lower Canada and Upper Canada and united them in the unified political entity of the Province of Canada. Lower Canada had mainly French Canadians. The Act of Union passed in July 1840 and proclaimed February 10, 1841, abolished the legislatures of Lower Canada and Upper Canada and established a new political entity the Province of Canada to replace them. ... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 161 days remaining. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Note: for information about Canadas present-day provinces, see Provinces and territories of Canada. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lower Canada (356 words)
Lower Canada, the southern portion of present-day Québec, existing as a separate British province from 1791 to 1840.
When in 1822 Louis-Joseph PAPINEAU attacked the proposed union of the 2 Canadas, he described Lower Canada as a distinct geographic, economic and cultural space, forever destined to serve the HABITANT as a Catholic and French nation.
After the unsuccessful attempt to unite the 2 Canadas in 1822, they began clamouring for the annexation of Montréal to Upper Canada and continued until after the failure of the REBELLIONS OF 1837, when a single province was formed.
Canada - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5467 words)
Canada is a country occupying northern North America, bounded to the south by the United States, northwest by Alaska, east by the Atlantic Ocean and west by the Pacific Ocean.
Canada's head of state is the monarch, currently Elizabeth II and commonly referred to as the Queen of Canada.
Canada is known for its vast forests and mountain ranges (including the Rocky Mountains) and the animals that reside within them, such as moose, caribou, beavers, polar bears, grizzly bears, and the common loon.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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