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Encyclopedia > Low Saxon language
Language classification
Indo-European languages
Germanic languages
West Germanic languages
Low German languages
Low Saxon language

Low Saxon (in Low Saxon, Nedersaksisch, Neddersassisch) is any of a variety of Low German ("Nedderdüütsch" in Low Saxon) dialects spoken in northern Germany and the Netherlands. In Germany it is considered, together with East Low German as part of a language called Plattdüütsch. Current distribution of Human Language Families Most languages are known to belong to language families (families hereforth). ... The Indo-European languages include some 443 (SIL estimate) languages and dialects spoken by about three billion people, including most of the major language families of Europe and western Asia, which belong to a single superfamily. ... The Germanic languages form one of the branches of the Indo-European (IE) language family. ... West Germanic is the largest branch of the Germanic family of languages, including such languages as English, Dutch, and German. ... Low German (in Low German, Platt(düütsch) or Nedderdüütsch) is any of a variety of West Germanic languages spoken in northern Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium. ... Subdivisions East Low German Low Franconian Low Saxon Low German (in Low German, Platt(düütsch) or Nedderdüütsch) is any of a variety of West Germanic languages spoken in northern Germany and the Netherlands. ... A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος, dialektos) is a variety of a language used by people from a particular geographic area. ... East Low German dialects are spoken in north eastern parts of Germany as well as by minorities in northern Poland. ... Plattdüütsch is a name for the regional language varieties: Low Saxon language East Low German language. ...


Since 1994 Low Saxon has been recognised by the European Union as an independent regional language. Since 1999 Low Saxon is under protection of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. The ISO 639-2 language code for Plattdüütsch is nds since May 2000. The Northern Low Saxon language serves as a common intelligible language in TV and Wireless programmes. 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... A regional language is a language spoken in a part of a country - it may be a small area, a federal state or province, or a wider area. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages is a European convention (CETS 148) adopted in 1992 under the auspices of the Council of Europe to protect and promote historical regional and minority languages in Europe. ... ISO 639 is one of several international standards that lists short codes for language names. ... Plattdüütsch is a name for the regional language varieties: Low Saxon language East Low German language. ... Northern Low Saxon (in Low Saxon, Nordneddersassisch or Platt) is a Low Saxon dialect. ... Television is a telecommunication system for broadcasting and receiving moving pictures and sound over a distance. ... Wireless was an old-fashioned term for a radio receiver, referring to its use as a wireless telegraph. ...


Although often considered a variation of German, in many aspects it is more like Dutch, which is based on closely related Low Franconian dialects. Low Saxon, East Low German and Low Franconian are classified together as Low German. The distinction between Low Saxon, East Low German and Low Franconian (on one side) or High German (on the other side) is not precisely defined; there are several clines that vary smoothly from one dialect to another. Low Franconian is any of several West Germanic languages spoken in The Netherlands, northern Belgium, and South Africa. ... Subdivisions East Low German Low Franconian Low Saxon Low German (in Low German, Platt(düütsch) or Nedderdüütsch) is any of a variety of West Germanic languages spoken in northern Germany and the Netherlands. ... Subdivisions Central German Upper German High German (in German, Hochdeutsch) is any of several German dialects spoken in Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, and Luxembourg (as well as in neighbouring portions of Belgium, France (Alsace), Italy, Poland, and Romania (Transylvania) and in some areas of former colonial settlement, for example in...


The Low Saxon language has commonality with the English language, the Scandinavian languages and Frisian in that it has not been influenced by the High German sound shift. Therefore a lot of Low Saxon words sound similar to their English counterparts. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The North Germanic languages (also Scandinavian languages or Nordic languages) is a branch of the Germanic languages spoken in Scandinavia, parts of Finland and on the Faroe Islands and Iceland. ... Frisian is a Germanic language, or group of closely related languages, spoken by around half a million members of an ethnic group living on the southern fringes of the North Sea in the Netherlands and Germany. ... Sound shift can refer to: Chain shift Vowel shift This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


For instance: water [wQt3, wat3, wæt3], later [lQ.t3, la.t3, læ.t3], bit [bIt], dish [dis, diS], ship [SIp, skIp, sxIp], pull [pUl], good [gout, GAut, Gu.t], clock [klOk], sail [sAil], he [hEi, hAi, hi(j)], storm [sto:rm].


The grammar also shows similarities to the English language. Low Saxon declination has only three cases. In the northern dialects the participle is formed without the prefix ge-, like the Scandinavian languages and English, but unlike Dutch and German. The syntax on the other hand is more like German syntax, though there are some differences.


It should be noted that e- is used instead of ge- in most Southern (below Groningen in the Netherlands + Westphalia) dialects, though often not when the participle ends with -en or in a few often used words like 'west' (been).


Low Saxon was once much more widespread than today, being used as a lingua franca throughout the Baltic Sea region, under the influence of the Hanseatic League. Lingua franca, literally Frankish language in Italian, was originally a mixed language consisting largely of Italian plus a vocabulary drawn from Turkish, Persian, French, Greek and Arabic and used for communication throughout the Middle East. ... The Baltic Sea The following countries have access to the Baltic Sea: Denmark Estonia Finland Germany Latvia Lithuania Poland Russia Sweden The Baltic Sea countries, together with Norway, Iceland and the European Union form the Council of the Baltic Sea States. ... The Hanseatic League (German: die Hanse) was an alliance of trading cities that established and maintained a trade monopoly over most of Northern Europe and the Baltic for a time in the later Middle Ages and the Early Modern period (ie between the 13th and 17th century). ...


The Low Saxon greeting formula Moin and its duplication MoinMoin gave the name for the WikiWiki MoinMoin Project http://moin.sourceforge.net/ Moin is a Frisian language greeting from East Frisia, the eastern Netherlands, North Frisia and Flensburg, meaning hello. ... MoinMoin is a wiki engine implemented in Python. ...


There are plans to create a computer vocabulary for lower German in order to translate Desktop environments such as KDE and GNOME. [1] KDE (Kool Desktop Environment) is a free desktop environment and development platform built with Trolltechs Qt toolkit. ... Lawn gnome A gnome is a mythical creature characterized by its small stature and subterranean lifestyle. ...

Contents


List of dialects

Note that divisions between subfamilies of Germanic are rarely precisely defined; most form continuous clines, with adjacent dialects being mutually intelligible and more distantly separated ones being less so. However, most Low Saxon dialects are thought to be descended from, or to have been strongly influenced by, Old Saxon. A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος, dialektos) is a variety of a language used by people from a particular geographic area. ... Old Saxon, also known as Old Low German, is a Germanic language. ...



Dialects of Low Saxon in Northern Germany:


Dialects in the north eastern Netherlands: Northern Low Saxon (in Low Saxon, Nordneddersassisch or Platt) is a Low Saxon dialect. ... 1. ... Position of Hamburg in Germany Hamburgs central broadway Jungfernstieg at the Alster lake, between 1900 and 1914 This article is about the city in Germany. ... Holsteinisch is a Northern Low Saxon dialect spoken in Holstein, the southern part of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany. ... For other uses of the word, see Holstein Holstein (Hol-shtayn) (Low Saxon: Holsteen, Danish: Holsten, Latin and historical English: Holsatia) is the southern part of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany, between the rivers Elbe, Eider, and the Schlei firth. ... Schleswigsch (pronounced /Sles vIgS/, or SHLAY-svigsh) is a Northern Low Saxon dialect spoken in Schleswig, in Germany and Denmark. ... The region of Schleswig (Former English name: Sleswick, Danish: Sønderjylland, Low Saxon: Sleswig, North Frisian: Slaswik or Sleesweg) covers the area about 30 km north and 40 km south of the border between Germany and Denmark. ... The Lüneburg Heath (German: Lüneburger Heide) is a region in Lower Saxony in Germany. ... East Frisian Low Saxon, as a member of the Low Saxon language family is a dialect spoken in the Eastern Friesland peninsula of northwestern Lower Saxony. ... Eastphalian, or Eastfalian (in German, Ostfälisch), is a Low Saxon dialect spoken in southern parts of Lower Saxony, in Germany, including Hanover, Braunschweig, Hildesheim and Goettingen. ... Map of Germany showing Hanover Hanover (in German: Hannover [haˈnoːfɐ]), on the river Leine, is the capital of the state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... Westphalian is one of the major dialect groups of Low Saxon. ... Westphalia (German: Westfalen) is a region in Germany, centred on the cities of Dortmund, Münster, Bielefeld, and Osnabrück and included in the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony. ...

  • Kollumerlands (a Frisian/Low Saxon mixture dialect in Groningen and Fryslân)
  • Gronings (on frisian substrate)
    • Noord-Gronings (in Groningen)
    • Westerwolds (in eastern Groningen)
    • Stad-Gronings/Noordenvelds (in Groningen and Northern Drenthe)
  • Stellingwerfs/Steenwijkerlands/West-Drenths (in Ooststellingwerf and Weststellingwerf, in Fryslân and in parts of Drenthe)
    • Veenkoloniaals (in eastern Groningen and Drenthe)
  • Midden-Drents
  • Zuid-Drents
  • Twents (in Twente, eastern Overijssel)
  • Gelders-Overijssels en Urks
    • Achterhoeks (in Gelderland)
    • Sallands/Zuidoost-Drenths (in central Overijssel, in Gelderland and in Drenthe, resp.)
    • Urks (in Flevoland)
  • Veluws


This list is not complete. For information on the region extending from the Netherlands to Denmark, see Frisia. ... Gronings is the set of Dutch dialects spoken in the Dutch province of Groningen: one in Groningen city, four in the outlands (or Ommelanden), and Westerwolds. ... Groningen is the northeast province of the Netherlands with a typical dialect (Gronings) with regional nuances. ... Drenthe is a province of the Netherlands, located in the north-east of the country. ... Ooststellingwerf is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Weststellingwerf is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Twente (or Twenthe) is a non-administrative region in the eastern Nederlands, containing the most urbanised and easterly part of the province of Overijssel. ... Overijssel is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern part of the country. ... Capital Arnhem Queens Commissioner Jan Kamminga Area  - Total  - % water 2nd 5137 km²  ?% Population  - Total (2004)  - Density 4th 1,966,929 379/km² Anthem Ons Gelderland For the historical duchy also called Gelderland, see Guelders Gelderland (English also Guelders) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern... Flevoland is a province of the Netherlands. ... Veluws is a Low Saxon dialect from the Dutch province of Gelderland. ... North Veluws is a Low Saxon dialect from the Dutch province of Gelderland. ... Capital Arnhem Queens Commissioner Jan Kamminga Area  - Total  - % water 2nd 5137 km²  ?% Population  - Total (2004)  - Density 4th 1,966,929 379/km² Anthem Ons Gelderland For the historical duchy also called Gelderland, see Guelders Gelderland (English also Guelders) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern... Capital Arnhem Queens Commissioner Jan Kamminga Area  - Total  - % water 2nd 5137 km²  ?% Population  - Total (2004)  - Density 4th 1,966,929 379/km² Anthem Ons Gelderland For the historical duchy also called Gelderland, see Guelders Gelderland (English also Guelders) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern...


See also: Common phrases in different languages. Here is a list of common phrases in different languages. ...


See also: The Vaterunser shows the Lord's Prayer in High German. Subdivisions Central German Upper German High German (in German, Hochdeutsch) is any of several German dialects spoken in Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, and Luxembourg (as well as in neighbouring portions of Belgium, France (Alsace), Italy, Poland, and Romania (Transylvania) and in some areas of former colonial settlement, for example in...


The Lord's Prayer in Northern Low Saxon (German based spelling)

Unse Vadder in d'n Himmel!
Laat hilligt waren dienen Namen.
Laat kamen dien Riek.
Laat waren dienen Willen so as in d'n Himmel,
so ook op de Eerd.
Uns' dääglich Brood giv uns vundaag.
Un vergiv uns unse Schuld,
as Wi de vergeven hebt,
de an uns schüllig sünd.
Un laat uns nich versöcht waren.
Maak uns vrie vun dat Böse.
Denn dien is dat Riek un de Kraft un de Herrlichkeit in Ewigkeit.
Amen.

The Lords Prayer (sometimes known by its first two Latin words as the Pater Noster, in Greek as the , or the English equivalent Our Father) is probably the best-known prayer in Christianity. ...

The Lord's Prayer in Veluws (Dutch) Low Saxon: AS spelling

Unse Vort dy in de hemel is
Uyw naam woerdt eheyligd.
Uyw koeninkryk kumt.
Uyw wül geschyd up eerde,
soas in de hemel.
Gev uns uns daagliks brood.
en vergev uns unse schülden,
soas ok wy unse schüldenaren vergeven;
En leyd uns ny in versöyking.
Mer verlos uns van et böse.
Want van Uy is et koeninkryk,
de kracht en de heerlikheyd,
tot in de eeuwigheyd.
Amen.

The Lord's Prayer in Old Saxon (Heliand, 9. century D.C.)

Fadar ûsa firiho barno,
thu bist an them hôhon himila rîkea,
geuuîhid sî thîn namo uuordo gehuuilico.
Cuma thîn craftag rîki.
Uuerða thîn uuilleo obar thesa uuerold alla,
sô sama an erðo, sô thar uppa ist
an them hôhon himilo rîkea.
Gef ûs dago gehuuilikes râd, drohtin the gôdo,
thîna hêlaga helpa, endi alât ûs, hebenes uuard,
managoro mênsculdio, al sô uue ôðrum mannum dôan.
Ne lât ûs farlêdean lêða uuihti
sô forð an iro uuilleon, sô uui uuirðige sind,
ac help ûs uuiðar allun ubilon dâdiun.

The Lord's Prayer in Plautdietsch

Ons Voda em Himmel,
lot dien Nome jeheilicht woare;
lot dien Ritjdom kome;
lot dien Welle jedone woare,
 : uck hia oppe Ed, soo aus em Himmel; 
jeff ons Dach fe Dach daut Broot, daut ons fehlt;
en vejeff ons onse Schult,
soo aus wie den vejewe, dee sich jeajen ons veschuldicht ha;
en brinj ons nich en Vesetjunk nenn,
oba rad ons von Beeset.

Resources

Wikipedia
Low Saxon language edition of Wikipedia

There is a lot of information about the Low Saxon language to be found online. A selection of these links can be found on this page, which will provide a good frame work to understand the history, current situation and features of the language. Image:Wikipedia-logo. ... The Wikipedia logo Wikipedia is a Web-based, multi-language, free-content encyclopedia written collaboratively by volunteers and sponsored by the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. ...


Information:

  • What is Low Saxon? An introduction article to Low Saxon;
  • Ethnologue report for Low Saxon (kind of unprecise, but Ethnologue are not planning an update any time soon)
  • List of links, provided by the Lowlands List;
  • Streektaal.net, information in and about various Low Saxon dialects;
  • Nu is de Welt platt! All known resources in and about Low Saxon;
  • Niederdeutsch/Plattdeutsch in Westfalen, by Olaf Bordasch;
  • Mönsterlänner Plat, by Klaus-Werner Kahl;
  • Tizárrio's Veluywse websyde, by Tizáriio Ilaino;

Organizations:

  • Van Deinse Instituut (Twente, the Netherlands)
  • IJsselacademie (Overijssel and Veluwe, the Netherlands)
  • Staring Instituut (Achterhoek, the Netherlands)
  • Oostfreeske Taal (Eastern Friesland, Germany)
  • Drentse Taol (Drenthe, the Netherlands)
  • Plautdietsch Freunde e.V. (Mennonite Low Saxon)
  • Stichting Stellingwarver Schrieversronte (Friesland, the Netherlands)
  • SONT (General, the Netherlands)
  • Institut für niederdeutsche Sprache e.V. (General, Germany)

If your organisation isn't listed here, feel free to add it.


Writers:

  • Gertrud Everding (Northern Low Saxon - Hamburg, Germany)
  • Marlou Lessing (Northern Low Saxon - Hamburg, Germany)
  • Clara Kramer-Freudenthal (Northern Low Saxon - Norderstedt, Germany)
  • Johan Veenstra (Stellingwarfs - Friesland, the Netherlands)

Musicians:

  • Skik (Drents/Dutch - Drenthe, the Netherlands)
  • Jan Cornelius (East Frisian - Ostfriesland, Germany)
  • Törf (Gronings - Groningen, the Netherlands)
  • Eltje Doddema (Veenkoloniaals - Groningen, the Netherlands)

Not organized links:

  • http://www.plattmaster.de/
  • http://www.platt-online.de/
  • http://www.zfn-ratzeburg.de/

  Results from FactBites:
 
ninemsn Encarta - German Language (1190 words)
German is an inflected language, with three genders (masculine, feminine, and neuter), four cases (nominative, accusative, genitive, and dative), and a strong and weak declension of qualifying adjectives.
Low German consists of (1) Frisian, spoken in the Netherlands, the North Sea coast of Germany, and the Frisian Islands; (2) Low Saxon (often called Low German or Plattdeutsch), spoken in the eastern Netherlands (where it is called Nedersaksisch) and northern Germany.
Low German, Plattdeutsch or Low Saxon, is spoken in the north, in a narrow fringe along the border between the Netherlands and Germany, and in the northern lowlands as far east and north-east as the River Elbe, including the cities of Münster, Kassel, Bremen, Hanover, Hamburg, and Magdeburg.
Low Saxon language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (809 words)
Low Saxon (in Low Saxon, Nedersaksisch, Neddersassisch) is any of a variety of Low German ("Nedderdüütsch" in Low Saxon) dialects spoken in northern Germany and the Netherlands.
Low Saxon was once much more widespread than today, being used as a lingua franca throughout the Baltic Sea region, under the influence of the Hanseatic League.
Kollumerlands (a Frisian/Low Saxon mixture dialect in Groningen and Fryslân)
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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