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Encyclopedia > Low (album)
Low
Low cover
Studio album by David Bowie
Released January 14, 1977 (1977-01-14)
RCA Reissue 1984-1985
Rykodisc Reissue August 27, 1991 (1991-08-27)
EMI Reissue September 1999 (1999-09)
Recorded Château d'Hérouville, Pontoise, France
Hansa Studio by the Wall, West Berlin, 1976
Genre Rock, Art Rock, Krautrock, Ambient
Length 38:48
Label RCA
Producer David Bowie, Tony Visconti
Professional reviews
David Bowie chronology
ChangesOneBowie
(1976)
Low
(1977)
"Heroes"
(1977)

Low is a 1977 album by British musician David Bowie. Widely regarded as one of his most influential releases, Low was the first of the "Berlin Trilogy", a series of collaborations with Brian Eno (though the album was actually recorded mainly in France and only mixed in West Berlin). The experimental, avant-garde style would be further explored on "Heroes" and Lodger. The album's working title was New Music Night and Day.[1] From Amazon. ... A studio album is a collection of studio-recorded tracks by a recording artist. ... David Bowie (IPA: []) (born David Robert Jones on 1947 January 8) is an English singer, songwriter, actor, multi-instrumentalist, producer, arranger and audio engineer. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... RCA Records is one of the flagship labels of Sony BMG Music Entertainment. ... This article is about the year. ... This article is about the year. ... Rykodisc Records is an American record label, and subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see EMI (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the year. ... Pontoise is a suburban commune of the Val-dOise département, in suburban Paris in France. ... Die Hansa Tonstudio is a recording studio located on Köthener Strasse in Berlin, Germany. ... Boroughs of West Berlin West Berlin was the name given to the western part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Art rock is a term used by some to describe rock music that is characterized by ambitious or avant-garde lyrical themes and/or melodic, harmonic, or rhythmic experimentation, often extending beyond standard modern popular music forms and genres, toward influences in jazz, classical, world music or the experimental avant... Krautrock, also known as Kosmische Musik, is a generic name for the experimental music scene that appeared in Germany in the late 1960s and gained popularity throughout the 1970s. ... Ambient music refers to a kind of music that envelops the listener without drawing attention to itself [1] // The term ambient music was first coined by Brian Eno in the mid-1970s to refer to music that can be either actively listened to with attention or as easily ignored, depending... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... RCA Records is one of the flagship labels of Sony BMG Music Entertainment. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... David Bowie (IPA: []) (born David Robert Jones on 1947 January 8) is an English singer, songwriter, actor, multi-instrumentalist, producer, arranger and audio engineer. ... For other uses, see Tony Visconti (disambiguation). ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... Image File history File links 5_stars. ... Robert Christgau (born April 18, 1942), is an American essayist, music journalist, and the self-declared Dean of American Rock Critics.[1] In print, his name is sometimes abbreviated as Xgau. ... This article is about the magazine. ... Image File history File links 5_stars. ... David Bowie (IPA: []) (born David Robert Jones on 1947 January 8) is an English singer, songwriter, actor, multi-instrumentalist, producer, arranger and audio engineer. ... ChangesOneBowie was David Bowies first widely-selling compilation album. ... Heroes (the quotation marks are part of the title, for reasons of irony)[1] is an album by David Bowie, released in 1977. ... David Bowie (IPA: []) (born David Robert Jones on 1947 January 8) is an English singer, songwriter, actor, multi-instrumentalist, producer, arranger and audio engineer. ... The so-called Berlin Trilogy is a series of David Bowie albums recorded in collaboration with Brian Eno. ... Brian Eno (pronounced ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ... Boroughs of West Berlin West Berlin was the name given to the western part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... A work similar to Marcel Duchamps Fountain Avant garde (written avant-garde) is a French phrase, one of many French phrases used by English speakers. ... Heroes (the quotation marks are part of the title, for reasons of irony)[1] is an album by David Bowie, released in 1977. ... Lodger is a 1979 album by David Bowie. ...

Contents

Background

The genesis of the album lies in both the foundations laid by Station to Station, and music Bowie intended for the soundtrack to The Man Who Fell to Earth. However, when Bowie presented his material to Nicolas Roeg, the director, it was decided that it would not be suitable for the film as Roeg had intended a more folksy sound, although John Phillips (the chosen composer for the soundtrack) described it as "haunting and beautiful".[2] Elements from it were incorporated into Low instead. The album's cover, like Station to Station, is a still from the movie: the photographic image, juxtaposed with the album's title, formed a deliberate pun on the phrase "low profile".[3] For the David Bowie album, click here. ... The Man Who Fell to Earth is a 1976 film directed by Nicolas Roeg about an extraterrestrial who crash lands on Earth seeking a way to ship water to his planet, which is suffering from a severe drought. ... Nicolas Jack Roeg, born on August 15, 1928 in London, is an internationally-known cinematographer and film director. ... Several notable people have been called John Phillips: John Phillips (1935-2001) was a musician and member of The Mamas & the Papas John Phillips (1631-1706) was an author and secretary to John Milton Sir John Phillips (1700-1764) was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1763. ...


Style and themes

Following the release of the cocaine-fuelled Station to Station, Bowie began to rekindle his interest in art. As a recovering cocaine addict, (although he never fully dropped the habit and continued to use sporadically during recording and mixing), his songwriting on Low tended to deal with difficult issues; many of the songs concern lethargy, depression, estrangement, or self-destructive behavior. Producer Tony Visconti contended that the title was partly a reference to Bowie's "low" moods during the album's writing and recording.[4] Cocaine is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. ... Fatigue is a feeling of excessive tiredness or lethargy, with a desire to rest, perhaps to sleep. ... In everyday language depression refers to any downturn in mood, which may be relatively transitory and perhaps due to something trivial. ... For other uses, see Tony Visconti (disambiguation). ...


The format of the album was unusual for its time: side one contained short, direct song-fragments; side two comprised longer, mostly instrumental tracks. On these tracks help was lent by ex-Roxy Music keyboardist and conceptualist Brian Eno, who brought along his EMS 'suitcase' synthesiser (Bowie was later given this exact synthesiser as a birthday present after a friend obtained it in an auction).[5] Often incorrectly given credit as Low's producer,[6] Eno was responisible for a good deal of the direction and composition of the second side of the album and actually wrote the theme and instrumentation for "Warszawa" while Bowie was in Paris attending court hearings against his former manager. Eno in turn was helped by producer Tony Visconti's four-year-old son who sat next to Eno playing A, B, C in a constant loop at the studio piano. This phrase became the "Warszawa" theme. On Bowie's return Eno played him the work which impressed Bowie who then quickly composed the made-up, vaguely eastern European sounding lyrics.[7] An instrumental is, in contrast to a song, a musical composition or recording without lyrics or any other sort of vocal music; all of the music is produced by musical instruments. ... Roxy Music are an English art rock group founded in the early 1970s by art school graduate Bryan Ferry (vocals and keyboards). ... Brian Eno (pronounced ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ...


Although the music was influenced by German bands such as Kraftwerk and Neu!,[1][6] Low has been acclaimed for its originality and is considered ahead of its time, not least for its cavernous treated drum sound created by producer Visconti using an Eventide Harmoniser.[3][8] On the release of Low, Visconti received phone calls from other producers asking how he had made this unique sound, but would not give up the information, instead asking each producer how they thought it had been done.[8] Krautrock, also known as Kosmische Musik, is a generic name for the experimental music scene that appeared in Germany in the late 1960s and gained popularity throughout the 1970s. ... Kraftwerk (pronounced [], German for power station) is a German musical group from Düsseldorf that has made immense contributions to the development of improvisational rock and electronic music, most notably within the latter categorys sub-genres which later became known as synthpop, electro, techno, house and IDM. Early musical... Neu! (the German word for new, pronounced noy) were a German band, probably the archetypal example of what the UK music press at the time dubbed Krautrock. ...


Release and aftermath

Low earned mixed reviews on its initial release. It was a financial success, peaking at #2 on the UK charts and #11 in the U.S.. "Sound and Vision" and "Be My Wife" were released as singles; the former reached #3 in the UK. Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from...


Low has risen to the top of many critics' "best album" lists. It was rated the #1 album of the 1970s by Pitchfork Media.[9] In 2000 Q placed it at number 14 in its list of the 100 Greatest British Albums Ever.[10] In 2003, the album was ranked number 249 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.[11] Pitchfork Media, usually known simply as Pitchfork, is a United States-based daily Internet publication devoted to music criticism and commentary, music news, and artist interviews. ... This article is about the magazine. ... The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time is the cover story of a special issue of Rolling Stone magazine published in November 2003. ...


Philip Glass based his 1992 classical album Low Symphony on Low, with Bowie and Eno both assisting in its creation. "Bowi", an EP by Nick Lowe, was named in response to Low. Philip Glass (born January 31, 1937) is a three-times Academy Award-nominated American composer. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... Low Symphony is a symphony (also known as Symphony No. ... Bowi EP sleeve (1977). ...


The influence of Low spans many genres that would come to prominence in following years such as Post-punk, New Wave and Industrial. Not only was it an influence on these styles, but the fact that an artist of Bowie's prominence had experimented with these styles made other proponents of the genres more respectable. Trent Reznor would later claim Low to be one of his influences while creating The Downward Spiral. As late as 2000, Radiohead looked to be attempting a similar concept and sound with their album Kid A. Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... New Wave was a pop and rock music genre that existed during the late 1970s and the early-to-mid 1980s. ... Michael Trent Reznor (born May 17, 1965), is an American musician, singer, producer, and multi-instrumentalist. ... Alternate cover Deluxe Edition cover art Singles from The Downward Spiral Released: February 25, 1994 Released: May 30, 1994 The Downward Spiral (also known as Halo 8) is an LP by Nine Inch Nails (NIN), released in 1994. ... Radiohead are an English rock band. ...


Track listing

All tracks written by David Bowie, except where noted. David Bowie (IPA: []) (born David Robert Jones on 1947 January 8) is an English singer, songwriter, actor, multi-instrumentalist, producer, arranger and audio engineer. ...


LP: RCA / PL 12030 (UK)

Side one

  1. "Speed of Life" – 2:46
  2. "Breaking Glass" (Bowie, Dennis Davis, George Murray) – 1:52
  3. "What in the World" – 2:23
  4. "Sound and Vision" – 3:05
  5. "Always Crashing in the Same Car" – 3:33
  6. "Be My Wife" – 2:58
  7. "A New Career in a New Town" – 2:53

Speed of Life is an instrumental song by David Bowie. ... ”Breaking Glass” was a song and live single written by David Bowie and co-written by bassist George Murray and drummer Dennis Davis. ... Dennis Davis is a studio musician who worked closely with David Bowie as a part of his regular ensemble, on a number of Bowies albums released in the 70s. ... George Murray is a studio bass guitarist who worked closely with David Bowie as a part of his regular ensemble, on a number of Bowies albums released in the 1970s. ... What in the World is a song by David Bowie released on his 1977 album Low, later making appearances as repetoire in the 1978 world tour as well as other major tours. ... Sound and Vision was a single by David Bowie. ... Always Crashing in the Same Car is a song by David Bowie for his album Low from 1977. ... Be My Wife is a song and single by David Bowie. ... A New Career in a New Town is an instrumental piece by David Bowie for his album Low from 1977. ...

Side two

  1. "Warszawa" (Bowie, Brian Eno) – 6:23
  2. "Art Decade" – 3:46
  3. "Weeping Wall" – 3:28
  4. "Subterraneans" – 5:39

Warszawa is a mostly instrumental song by David Bowie, co-written with Brian Eno and originally released in 1977 on the album Low. ... Brian Eno (pronounced ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ... Art Decade is an instrumental song by David Bowie for his album Low from 1977. ... Weeping Wall is an instrumental piece by David Bowie from his album Low, released in 1977. ... Subterraneans is a mostly instrumental song by David Bowie for his album Low from 1977. ...

Reissues

The album has been released three times on CD, the first between 1984 and 1985 by RCA Records, the second in 1991 by Rykodisc (with three bonus tracks on silver CD and later on AU20 Gold CD), and the third in 1999 by EMI (featuring 24-bit digitally remastered sound and no bonus tracks). CD may stand for: Compact Disc Canadian Forces Decoration Cash Dispenser (at least used in Japan) CD LPMud Driver Centrum-Demokraterne (Centre Democrats of Denmark) Certificate of Deposit České Dráhy (Czech Railways) Chad (NATO country code) Chalmers Datorförening (computer club of the Chalmers University of Technology) a 1960s... RCA Records is one of the flagship labels of Sony BMG Music Entertainment. ... Rykodisc Records is an American record label, and subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... For other uses, see EMI (disambiguation). ...


CD: Rykodisc / RCD 10142 (US)

  1. "Some Are" (previously unreleased) – 3:24
  2. "All Saints" (previously unreleased) – 3:25
  3. "Sound and Vision" (1991 remix by David Richards) – 4:43
  • also released by EMI in the UK (CDP 79 7719 2)

Some Are is a song by David Bowie recorded during the Low sessions in 1976. ... All Saints is an instrumental song by David Bowie recorded during the Low sessions in 1976. ... David Richards is a record producer. ...

Personnel

David Bowie (IPA: []) (born David Robert Jones on 1947 January 8) is an English singer, songwriter, actor, multi-instrumentalist, producer, arranger and audio engineer. ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... The saxophone (colloquially referred to as sax) is a conical-bored instrument of the woodwind family. ... Kulintang a Kayo, a Philippine xylophone The xylophone (from the Greek meaning wooden sound) is a musical instrument in the percussion family which probably originated in Indonesia. ... A typical vibraphone. ... A harmonica is a free reed wind instrument. ... “Percussion” redirects here. ... Piano, a well-known instance of keyboard instruments A keyboard instrument is any musical instrument played using a musical keyboard. ... ARP Instruments, Inc. ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... The Chamberlin is an electro-mechanical keyboard instrument related to the Mellotron. ... Brian Eno (pronounced ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ... The Minimoog is a monophonic analog synthesizer, invented by David van Koevering and Robert Moog. ... Carlos Alomar is a guitarist who has played with David Bowie more than anyone else including the Serious Moonlight album and tour which featured Stevie Ray Vaughan as special guest for his Dallas, Texas show. ... Rhythm guitar is a guitar that is primarily used to provide rhythmic and harmonic accompaniment for a singer or for other instruments in an ensemble. ... Dennis Davis is a studio musician who worked closely with David Bowie as a part of his regular ensemble, on a number of Bowies albums released in the 70s. ... George Murray is a studio bass guitarist who worked closely with David Bowie as a part of his regular ensemble, on a number of Bowies albums released in the 1970s. ... A sunburst-colored Precision Bass The electric bass guitar (or electric bass) is a bass stringed instrument played with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. ...

Additional personnel

Ricky Gardiner, born 1948 in Edinburgh, Scotland, is a guitarist and composer. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Mary Hopkin Mary Hopkin (born May 3, 1950) is a Welsh folk singer. ... A backup vocalist or background singer (or, especially in the U.S., backup singer or sometimes background singer) is a singer who sings in harmony with the lead vocalist, other backing vocalists, or alone but not singing the lead. ... James Newell Osterberg, Jr. ... What in the World is a song by David Bowie released on his 1977 album Low, later making appearances as repetoire in the 1978 world tour as well as other major tours. ... Eduard Meyer (January 25, 1855 - August 31, 1930) was a German historian, born at Hamburg and educated at the universities of Bonn and Leipzig. ... This article is about the stringed musical instrument. ... Roy Archibald Young (1882 - 1960) was a U.S. banker. ... Farfisa is a brand name for a series of electric organs, and later multitimbral keyboards, made in Italy. ...

Charts

Album

Year Chart Position
1977 UK Albums Chart 2
1977 US Billboard Pop Albums 11

Single It has been suggested that Billboard be merged into this article or section. ...

Year Single Chart Position
1977 "Sound and Vision" UK Singles Chart 3
1977 "Sound and Vision" Billboard Pop Singles 69

Notes

  1. ^ a b Roy Carr & Charles Shaar Murray (1981). Bowie: An Illustrated Record: pp.87-90
  2. ^ Hugo Wilcken (2005). Low: pp.16-22
  3. ^ a b David Buckley (1999). Strange Fascination - David Bowie: The Definitive Story: pp.299-315
  4. ^ BowieGoldenYears. Retrieved 12 June 2007.
  5. ^ Hugo Wilcken (2005). Op cit: pp.59-69
  6. ^ a b Nicholas Pegg (2000). The Complete David Bowie: pp.302-306
  7. ^ Hugo Wilcken (2005). Op cit: pp.113-118
  8. ^ a b Hugo Wilcken (2005). Op cit: pp.69-73
  9. ^ Pitchfork Feature: Top 100 Albums of the 1970s. Retrieved on 2007-04-30.
  10. ^ Q - End of Year Lists. Retrieved on 2007-04-30.
  11. ^ Rolling Stone : The RS 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. Retrieved on 2007-04-30.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Great American Music Hall (297 words)
Low plays songs stripped to their bare essentials: slow tempos, quiet voices, powerful lyrics, and minimal instrumentations.
Low, which could be described as "Joy Division meets Simon and Garfunkel", has four full-length albums and a handful of EPs and singles, first released by Vernon Yard Records and more recently by Kranky Records.
Low makes music in which the spaces between notes are as important as the notes themselves, and perhaps even more so.
Low (576 words)
The most recent Low album, Trust, was released in Fall 2002.
Low, which could be described as "Joy Division meets Simon & Garfunkel", has six full-length albums and a handful of EPs and singles, first released by Vernon Yard Records and more recently by Kranky Records.
Low makes music in which the spaces between notes are as important as the notes themselves, and perhaps even more so.
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