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Encyclopedia > Louisiana State Penitentiary

Angola is the Louisiana State Penitentiary and is estimated to be the largest prison in the U.S. with 5,000 inmates and over 1,000 staff. Located on an 18,000 acre (73 km²) plantation close to the Mississippi border, it is surrounded on three sides by the Mississippi River, making flooding a constant menace. For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Mississippi River, derived from the old Ojibwe word misi-ziibi meaning great river (gichi-ziibi big river at its headwaters), is the second-longest river in the United States; the longest is the Missouri River, which flows into the Mississippi. ...


The land that has become Angola Penitentiary was purchased by Isaac Franklin from Francis Routh during the 1830s with the profits from his slave trading firm, Armfield and Franklin, of Alexandria, Virginia and Natchez, Mississippi as four contiguous plantations. These plantations, Panola, Belle View, Killarney and Angola, were joined during their sale by Franklin's widow, Adelicia Hayes, to Samuel Lawrence James in 1880. Samuel James ran the plantation using convicts leased from the State of Louisiana. The State of Louisiana only assumed full control in 1901. In 1916 to save money, all the guards were fired, and selected inmates were used as trustees, a system which led to a great deal of abuse. Isaac Franklin was born in May 26, 1789 at Station Camp Creek in Sumner county Tennessee. ... Location in Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia Founded 1718 Mayor William D. Euille Area    - City 39. ... Melrose, an antebellum home in Natchez, Mississippi. ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


By the 1950s, Angola had degenerated to become one of the very worst prisons in the U.S. In 1952, 31 inmates cut their Achilles' tendons in protest of the hard work and brutality (referred to as the Heel String Gang.) Conditions improved—only to worsen again in the 1960s as the corrections budget was cut. 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Posterior view of the foot and leg, showing the Achilles tendon (tendo calcaneus). ...


In 1972, a reforming director of corrections was appointed by Governor Edwin Edwards, and the U.S. courts ordered Louisiana to clean up Angola once and for all. Successive wardens have continued the improvements, and Angola is now regarded as a showcase among U.S. penal establishments. Current Warden Burl Cain maintains an open-door policy with the media, which led to the production of the award winning documentary The Farm. Films such as Dead Man Walking and Monster's Ball were partly filmed in Angola. 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Edwin Honest Ed Edwards (born August 7, 1927) served as the Democratic governor of Louisiana for four terms (1972 - 1980, 1984 - 1988, and 1992 - 1996), more terms than any other Louisiana governor. ... ... Dead Man Walking is a work of non-fiction by Sister Helen Prejean, a Roman Catholic nun and one of the Sisters of Saint Joseph of Medaille. ... Monsters Ball is a 2001 American drama/romance film. ...


Indeed, Angola is still run as a working farm, and Cain once said that the key to running a peaceful maximum security prison was that "you've got to keep the inmates working all day so they're tired at night."


The prison hosts a rodeo every April and October, and its inmates produce the award winning magazine The Angolite, available to the general public and free to publish whatever it chooses. There is also a museum which features among its exhibits Louisiana's old electric chair, "Gruesome Gertie", last used for the execution of Andrew Lee Jones on 22 July 1991. Steer roping Rodeo is a traditional North American sport with influences from the history of Mexican vaqueros (cowboys) and American cowboys. ... Electric chair at the Kentucky State Penitentiary The electric chair is an execution method in which the person being executed is strapped to a chair and electrocuted through electrodes placed on the body. ... Until 1991, the State of Louisiana used the electric chair as its sole method of execution. ... Andrew Lee Jones (1955–July 22, 1991) was an American murderer. ... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Books about Angola

Dennis Shere is the author of Cains Redemption, a book about the Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola. ... Dead Man Walking is a work of non-fiction by Sister Helen Prejean, a Roman Catholic nun and one of the Sisters of Saint Joseph of Medaille. ... Sister Helen Prejean Sister Helen Prejean (b. ... A Confederacy of Dunces is a novel written by John Kennedy Toole, published in 1980, 11 years after the authors suicide. ... Photo of Poppy Z. Brite by J.K. Potter. ... The Lazarus Heart is an original novel by Poppy Z. Brite based on the world and thematic concerns of The Crow and published in 1998 by Harper Prism. ...

Musical references

The prison has held many musicians and been the subject of a number of songs. Blues singer Leadbelly and Tex-Mex artist Freddy Fender were both pardoned from there. Leadbelly, also known as Lead Belly (born Huddie William Ledbetter; January 20, 1889 (although this is debatable) - December 6, 1949), was an American folk and blues musician, notable for his clear and forceful singing, his virtuosity on the twelve string guitar, and the rich songbook of folk standards he introduced. ... Tejano[1] (Spanish for Texan) or Tex-Mex[2] music is the name given to various forms of folk and popular music originating among the Mexican-descended Tejanos of Central and South Texas. ... Freddy Fender Freddy Fender (June 4, 1937 – October 14, 2006), born Baldemar Huerta in San Benito, Texas, USA, was a Mexican-American Tejano, country, and rock and roll musician, known for his work as a solo artist and in the groups Los Super Seven and the Texas Tornados. ...


The song "Grown So Ugly" by American blues musician and ex-convict Robert Pete Williams references Angola. The song's lyrics have some basis in fact, as Williams was imprisoned there and was officially pardoned (from a murder charge) in 1964, the year the song says that he left the prison. Robert Pete Williams (March 14, 1914 – December 31, 1980) was an American blues musician, based in Lousiana. ...


The New Orleans classic song, "Junco Partner" includes the lines: New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ...

Six months ain't no sentence, and a year ain't no time
They got boys down in Angola doin' one year to ninety-nine

Aaron and Charles Neville wrote "Angola Bound": Aaron Neville Aaron Neville (born January 24, 1941 in New Orleans, Louisiana) is an American soul and R&B singer. ... The Neville Brothers, an R&B, Soul and a Jazz group, was formed in 1976 in New Orleans, LA. // Group members Aaron Neville Art Neville Charles Neville Cyril Neville Ivan Neville Discography The Neville Brothers (March 1978) Fiyo on the Bayou (April 1981) Nevillization I (September 1982) Nevillization II (February...

I got lucky last summer when I got my time, Angola bound
Well my partner got a hundred, I got ninety-nine, Angola bound
You been a long time coming but you're welcome home, Angola bound
And go to Louisiana get your burdens on, Angola bound
Oh Captain, oh Captain don't you be so cruel, Angola bound
Oh you work me harder than you work that mule, Angola bound

Folklorist Frederick Oster recorded Angola Prison Worksongs for his Folklyric Records in 1959, now re-released on Arhoolie Records. According to Oster, between 1929 and 1940, 10,000 floggings were carried out in Angola. Folklore is the body of verbal expressive culture, including tales, legends, oral history, proverbs, jokes, popular beliefs current among a particular population, comprising the oral tradition of that culture, subculture, or group. ... Arhoolie Records is a small record label run by Chris Strachwitz. ...


Singer-songwriter Myshkin recorded Angola in 1998 for her album Blue Gold. The song suggests strongly at the case of former Angola warden C. Murray Henderson who was sentenced to 50 years in Angola prison for the attempted murder of his wife, writer Anne Butler: The term singer-songwriter refers to performers who both write and sing their own material. ...

Release me from this life I will seek my punishment
On the other side but the judge said
"Warden in cold blood you shot your poor poor wife
You're going back to Angola, there your hell to find"

New Orleans rap artist Juvenile has part of a verse in the Hot Boys song "Dirty World" that says: New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Look up rap in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up artist in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Juvenile (born Terius Gray on March 25, 1975 in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA) is an African American gangsta rapper. ... The Hot Boys were an American hip hop group, active from 1997 to 2001, and collectively made up of the most popular performers on the New Orleans-based record label Cash Money Records. ... A song is a relatively short musical composition for the human voice (commonly accompanied by other musical instruments), which features words (lyrics). ...

They'll plant dope on ya, go to court on ya
Give ya 99 years and slam the door on ya
Angola, the free man bout it, he don't play
Nigga get outta line, ship 'em to Camp J

Parchman Farm, a Mississippi prison farm has a similar legacy. Mississippi State Penitentiary, also known as Parchman Farm, is the oldest prison and the only maximum security prison in the state of Mississippi, USA. It is located on 18,000 acres in Parchman, Mississippi. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A Prison farm is a large correctional facility where hard labor convicts are put to productive use, usually for manual labor, largely in open air, such as in agriculture, logging, quarrying etcetera. ...


James Booker, New Orleans pianist, in his cover of Goodnight, Irene mentions Angola prison; he was a resident there for heroin possession at the same time as famous Blues singer Lead Belly, as he describes in the song: James Booker on cover of Aves 69031 James Carroll Booker III (December 17, 1939 – November 8, 1983) was an eccentric and flamboyant piano player and singer from New Orleans, Louisiana. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Goodnight Irene, or Irene, is a 20th century American folk standard. ... Huddie William Ledbetter (January 23, 1888 - December 6, 1949) was an American folk and blues musician, notable for his clear and forceful singing, his virtuosity on the twelve string guitar, and the rich songbook of folk standards he introduced. ...

Lead Belly and little Booker both, had the pleasure of partying,
on the pon de rosa, *laughs* you know what I mean, you dig?
Yeah, on the pon de rosa, you know, down in Angola
where they have boys doing from one year to ninety nine

External links

Geography

  • Maps and aerial photos Coordinates: 30.955107° -91.594927°
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Louisiana State Penitentiary - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (434 words)
Angola is the Louisiana State Penitentiary and is estimated to be the largest prison in the U.S. with 5,000 inmates and over 1,000 staff.
The land that has become Angola Penitentiary was purchased by Isaac Franklin from Francis Routh during the 1830s with the profits from his slave trading firm, Armfield and Franklin, of Alexandria, Virginia and Natchez, Mississippi as four contiguous plantations.
Samuel James ran the plantation using convicts leased from the State of Louisiana.
LSP History (1227 words)
In that year the first Louisiana State Penitentiary was built at the corner of 6th and Laurel Streets in Baton Rouge using a plan similar to a prison in Wethersfield, Connecticut.
Union Troops occupied the penitentiary during the Civil War, and in 1869 the lease was awarded to a Confederate Major by the name of Samuel James.
The 18,000-acre Louisiana State Penitentiary, surrounded on three sides by the Mississippi River, has repeatedly faced serious threat of flooding, a situation made worse by its substandard levees, the only ones along the river that were not engineered and monitored by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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