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Encyclopedia > Louise of Baden
Louise of Baden
Empress Consort of Russia
Yelizaveta Alexeevna, born Princess of Baden. Collection of the Taganrog Museum of Art
Titles HIM The Dowager Empress of Russia (1825-1826)
HIM The Empress of Russia (1801-1825)
HIH Grand Duchess Elisabeth Alexeievna of Russia (1793-1801)
HGDH Princess Louise of Baden (1779-1793)
Born January 24, 1779
Died May 16, 1826
Consort March 23, 1801 - December 1, 1825
Consort to Alexander I
Issue Maria Alexandrovna, Elizabeth Alexandrovna
Royal House House of Baden
Father Prince Karl Ludwig of Baden
Mother Amalia of Hesse-Darmstadt

Empress Elisabeth Alexeievna of Russia (in Russian, Elisaveta Alexeievna), born Louise Marie Auguste, Princess of Baden of the House of Zähringen (24 January 1779 - 4 May (O.S.) = 16 May (N.S.), 1826) was a daughter of Prince Karl Ludwig of Baden and Amalia of Hesse-Darmstadt. Image File history File links Yelizaveta-Alexeevna. ... Taganrog Museum of Art. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (137th in leap years). ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in Leap years). ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Aleksander I Pavlovich Romanov (Russian: Александр I Павлович) (December 23, 1777–December 1, 1825), was Emperor of Russia from March 23, 1801–December 1, 1825 and King of Poland from 1815–1825, as well as the first Grand Duke of Finland. ... Maria Alexandrovna of Russia Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (17 October 1853–24 October 1920), later the Duchess of Edinburgh and then the Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha was a daughter of Alexander II of Russia and his first Empress consort Marie of Hesse. ... Baden is a historical state in the southwest of Germany, on the right bank of the Rhine. ... Karl Ludwig of Baden (February 14, 1755 in Karlsruhe--December 16, 1801 in Arboga, Sweden) was Margrave of Baden. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... May 4 is the 124th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (125th in leap years). ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (137th in leap years). ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Karl Ludwig of Baden (February 14, 1755 in Karlsruhe--December 16, 1801 in Arboga, Sweden) was Margrave of Baden. ...


Early life, marriage, affair

She was also the older sister of Frederica Dorothea Wilhelmina of Baden. As reflected in art, Louise was thought of as a very beautiful woman, and loved magnificent jewelry and clothes. Frederica Dorothea Wilhelmina of Baden (March 1781 - 1826) was Queen consort of Sweden from 1797 to 1809. ...


Louise converted from the Evangelical faith to Russian Orthodoxy in Saint Petersburg on 9 May 1793 (O.S.) = 20 May 1793 (N.S.), receiving the name Elizabeth Alexeyevna (this name has several different spellings). Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... May 20 is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Louise married Grand Duke Alexander Pavlovich, the future Emperor Alexander I of Russia (then the heir apparent of the then tsarevich) on 28 September 1793 (O.S.) = 9 October 1793 (N.S.) in Saint Petersburg at the Winter Palace, when she was fourteen years old and Alexander was seventeen. Aleksander I Pavlovich Romanov (Russian: Александр I Павлович) (December 23, 1777–December 1, 1825), was Emperor of Russia from March 23, 1801–December 1, 1825 and King of Poland from 1815–1825, as well as the first Grand Duke of Finland. ... September 28 is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Located between the Palace Embankment and the Palace Square, the Winter Palace (Russian: Зимний Дворец) in Saint Petersburg, Russia was built between 1754 and 1762 as the winter residence of the Russian tsars. ...


Alexander and Elizabeth had two children:

  • Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (1799 - 1800).
  • Grand Duchess Elizabeth Alexandrovna of Russia (1806 - 1808).

After the last child's death, Alexander pronounced that there should not be more children, giving the reason that it was the will of God. However, when Alexander later took a mistress (Princess Maria Naryshkina) and had children with her, Louise also took a lover, Prince Adam George Czartoryski (who was Alexander's friend). 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1800 (MDCCC) was an exceptional common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... Maria Dmitrievna, Princess Naryshkina (1779 - 1854), born Maria Swiatopolk - Czetwertynska was the wife of Dmitry Lvovich Naryshkin (a hofmeister), the mistress of Tsar Alexander I of Russia and had three illegitimate children by him. ... Noble Family Czartoryski Coat of Arms Czartoryski Parents Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski Izabela Fleming Consorts Anna Zofia Sapieha Children with Anna Zofia Sapieha Witold Czartoryski Władysław Czartoryski Izabella Elżbieta Czartoryska Date of Birth January 14, 1770 Place of Birth Warsaw, Poland Date of Death July...


Both she and Alexander spent most of their time with their extra-marital lovers for several years. Later on in life, however, Louise and Alexander became closer and reconciled. She died on the road from Taganrog to Saint Petersburg in 1826. Taganrog (Russian: ) is a city and seaport in Rostov Oblast, Russia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Trivia

  • Russian poet Alexander Pushkin dedicated to Yelizaveta Alexeevna his poem I wasn't born to amuse the tsars(я не рожден царей забавить..).
  • After Alexander's death in Taganrog in 1825, Yelizaveta stayed in the summer palace, where the tsar died, making all arrangements for the burial service in the Jerusalem Greek Monastery, and inaugurating in Taganrog the first memorial museum of Alexander I in Russia in 1826.
  • Upon being conquered by Russia in 1804, the city of Ganja was renamed Yelizavetpol after Yelizaveta Alexeievna. The name was changed back to Ganja in 1918.
Preceded by:
Maria Fyodorovna of Russia
Empress Consorts of Russia
18011825
Succeeded by:
Charlotte of Prussia

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