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Encyclopedia > Louis Jolliet

Louis Jolliet, also known as Louis Joliet (September 21, 1645May 22, 1700), was a Canadian explorer born in Quebec City. Jolliet is important for his discoveries in North America. Jolliet and missionary Father Jacques Marquette, a Catholic priest, were the first white men to explore and map the Mississippi River. is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 10 - Archbishop Laud executed on Tower Hill, London. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... This list of explorers is sorted by surname. ... Nickname: Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (I shall put Gods gift to good use; the Don de Dieu was Champlains ship) Coordinates: , Country Province Agglomeration Quebec City Statute of the city Capitale-Nationale Administrative Region Capitale-Nationale Founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain Constitution date 1833 Government... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Missionary (disambiguation). ... Father Jacques Marquette (French: Père Jacques Marquette) (June 10, 1637–May 18, 1675) and Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to see and map the Mississippi River. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ...

Jolliet's signature

Contents

Louis Joliet signature Signature of Louis Jolliet. ... Louis Joliet signature Signature of Louis Jolliet. ...

Early years

The son of a wainwright, Louis Jolliet was born in Quebec City, Canada, on September 21, 1645. He gave great promise of scholarship, especially in the mathematics, in the Jesuits' school at Quebec, and received minor orders in 1663. He was talented in music, playing the flute, trumpet, and harpsichord. He loved drawing and creating maps. This sparked his first interests in exploring. In 1671, he is seen standing by the side of Saint-Lusson as he plants the arms of France at Sault Sainte Marie. Joining his brothers in the fur trade, his exploring dreams were nurtured, and employed by the French Colonial Governor General Frontenac (Louis de Buade de Frontenac), he was the first white man to explore the Mississippi along with Jacques Marquette in 1673. Traveling from Michilimackinac down Lake Michigan to Green Bay where they tooj the Fox River to the portage to the Wisconsin River which drains into the Mississippi. They followed the Mississippi downstream until past the mouth of the Arkansas River when they turned back north, suspecting they were reaching areas of Spanish influence. They returned to Green Bay after a journey of 2,500 miles through lands previously uncharted by Europeans. Wainwrights office Wainwright has become a moderately common surname all over the world. ... Nickname: Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (I shall put Gods gift to good use; the Don de Dieu was Champlains ship) Coordinates: , Country Province Agglomeration Quebec City Statute of the city Capitale-Nationale Administrative Region Capitale-Nationale Founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain Constitution date 1833 Government... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events January 10 - Archbishop Laud executed on Tower Hill, London. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... Sault Ste. ... Statue of Frontenac. ... Father Jacques Marquette (French: Père Jacques Marquette) (June 10, 1637–May 18, 1675) and Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to see and map the Mississippi River. ... Fort Michilimackinac was an 18th century French, and later British, fort and trading post in the Great Lakes of North America. ... --67. ... Green Bay may refer to: In geography: Green Bay, Wisconsin, United States Green Bay (Lake Michigan), a bay of Wisconsin Green Bay (town), Wisconsin, United States Green Bay, New Zealand Green Bay, Ontario, Canada In sports: Green Bay Blizzard, a professional arena football team Green Bay Bombers, an indoor football... The Fox River is a river in Wisconsin in the United States. ... For the Gentoo Linux package manager, see Portage (software). ... The Wisconsin River is a tributary of the Mississippi River, approximately 430 mi (692 km) long, in the state of Wisconsin in the United States. ... The Arkansas River flows through Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. ...

Plaque commemorating Jolliet in Chicago.
Plaque commemorating Jolliet in Chicago.

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 269 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 344 pixel, file size: 82 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) In honor of Louis Jolliet and Pere Jacques Marquette On the bridge over Chicago River on Michigan avenue, Chicago, Illinois File links The... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 269 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 344 pixel, file size: 82 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) In honor of Louis Jolliet and Pere Jacques Marquette On the bridge over Chicago River on Michigan avenue, Chicago, Illinois File links The...

Later years

Shortly after his return, Jolliet was married to Claire-Francoise Bissot. In 1680 he was granted the Island of Anticosti, where he erected a fort. In 1693 he was appointed "Royal Hydrographer", and on April 30, 1697, he was granted the seigneury (fiefdom) of Jolliet, southwest of Quebec City, making him a minor "lord", roughly the colonial equivalent of a hereditary baronet with the title of "Sieur Jolliet" (Sir Jolliet). Louis Jolliet died some time in the month of May, 1700, being lost on a trip to one of his land holdings. Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ... Anticosti - Landsat photo Anticosti Island (French, lÎle dAnticosti) is a rocky, forest covered island at the outlet of the Saint Lawrence River into the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, in Quebec, Canada, between 49° and 50° N., and between 61° 40 and 64° 30 W.. It is separated on... Events January 11 - Eruption of Mt. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events September 11 - Battle of Zenta, Prince Eugene of Savoy crushed Ottoman army of Mustafa II September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher... For the brush-footed butterfly species, see Euthalia nais. ... See also: 1690s in Canada, 1701 in Canada and the list of years in Canada. Events By now, it is clear that New France is not going to be self-sufficient. ...


Jolliet was one of the first people of European descent born in North America to be remembered for significant discoveries. Jolliet is a relatively familiar historical figure in both the United States and Canada. Though no authentic period portrait is known to exist Jolliet is often portrayed wearing either typical frontiersman garb consisting of Davy Crockett style buckskins and fur hat or in sharp contrast, ensconced in the European nobleman's accoutrement his personal wealth and prestige would have commanded when living in colonial society.


As is the case with Jacques Marquette, Governor General Frontenac and La Salle, Louis Jolliet's legacy is most tangible in the Midwest (US) and Quebec (Canada), mostly through geographical names. Most notable among these include the cities of Joliet, Illinois, Joliet, Ohio and Joliette, Quebec which was founded by one of Jolliet's descendants, Barthélemy Joliette. Discrepancies in the spelling of the original name of "Jolliet" reflect interpretations based on pronunciation at times when illiteracy was common. La Salle can refer to: Lasalles invariance principle - a concept in control theory LaSalle automobile La Salle Records LaSalle Bank USS La Salle (AGF-3) USS La Salle (AP-102) Geography LaSalle, Ontario LaSalle, Quebec, borough of Montreal La Salle, Vosges, France La Salle, Italy La Salle, Colorado La... Incorporated City in 1834. ... Joliette is a town in southwest-central Québec, Canada on the Rivière lAssomption and is the seat of the Regional County Municipality of Joliette. ... Barthélemy Joliette (September 9, 1789 – June 21, 1850) was a notary, businessman, seigneur and political figure in Lower Canada and Canada East. ...


Louis Jolliet died at an unknown location in Canada while on a trip to one of his land holdings. His remains were never found.


See also

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Capital Quebec Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King See List of French monarchs Governor See list of Governors Legislature Sovereign Council of New France Historical era Ancien Régime in France  - Royal Control 1655  - Articles of Capitulation of Quebec 1759  - Articles of Capitulation of Montreal 1760  - Treaty...

External links

  • Jolliet 1645-1700
  • Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
  • Joliet's map of New France, 1674
  • 2006 Expedition following Jolliet's journey down the Mississippi

This article incorporates text from the public-domain Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Marquette and Jolliet (306 words)
Jolliet was born near Québec City and raised in a Jesuit seminary.
In 1672, Jolliet was named leader of an expedition that would explore the northern part of the Mississippi River the following year.
Louis Jolliet died in 1700 at the age of 55.
National Mississippi River Museum & Aquarium (888 words)
Louis Jolliet was born at Beauport, near Quebec in 1645.
Jolliet's expedition was to explore the great river, and Jolliet was granted a "conge" or trading license, which allowed him to trade with Indians to defray his costs.
Jolliet was unconscious and was retrieved after four hours in the water, only to discover that he had lost all his papers including his journal and his map of the river.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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