FACTOID # 22: South Dakota has the highest employment ratio in America, but the lowest median earnings of full-time male employees.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Louis I of Hungary
Louis the Great. Drawing by Jan Matejko.
Louis the Great. Drawing by Jan Matejko.

Louis I the Great (Hungarian: I. (Nagy) Lajos, Polish: Ludwik Węgierski) (1326 Visegrád - 1382 Trnava) became king of Hungary in 1342 at the death of his father. He was the son of Charles I, king of Hungary, and was the head of the Angevin branch, and a member of the Capetian royal family. Became a king of Poland in 1370 in right of (and practically together with) his mother Elisabeth of Poland, sister of Casimir III of Poland who died 1370. Ludwik Wegierski This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Ludwik Wegierski This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Jan Matejko , self-portrait Jan Matejko, also Jan Mateyko (b. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Osman I (1299-1326) to Orhan I (1326-1359) Aradia de Toscano, is initiated into a Dianic cult of Italian Witchcraft (Stregheria), and discovers through a vision that she is the human incarnation of the goddess Aradia. ... Visegrád is one of the towns in Hungary having a long and rich history. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Enyu of Japan, fifth and last of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Emperor Go-Komatsu ascends to the throne of Japan John Wyclifs teachings are condemned by the Synod of London. ... Trnava (Hungarian: Nagyszombat, German: Tyrnau) is a town in western Slovakia, 45 kilometers to the north-east of Bratislava, on the Trnávka river, and at the main Bratislava-Žilina railway and Bratislava-Žilina limited-access highway. ... Events May - Pope Clement VI elected John III Comnenus becomes emperor of Trebizond Louis becomes king of Sicily and duke of Athens Constantine IV becomes king of Armenia Patriarch of Antioch transferred to Damascus under Ignatius II Kitzbühel becomes part of Tyrol Louis I becomes king of Hungary Births... Charles I of Hungary (Anjou France 1288 or 1291 - Hungary July 16, 1342), also called Charles Robert, Carobert and Charles I Robert, was the king of Hungary from August 27, 1310. ... Angevin is the name applied to three distinct medieval dynasties which originated as counts (from 1360, dukes) of the western French province of Anjou (of which angevin is the adjectival form), but later came to rule far greater areas including England, Hungary and Poland (see Angevin Empire). ... The direct Capetian Dynasty followed the Carolingian rulers of France from 987 to 1328. ... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Casimir the Great Casimir III the Great (Polish: Kazimierz Wielki), (1310-1370), King of Poland, son of king WÅ‚adyslaw I Łokietek (Wladyslaw the Elbow High), 1305-1333 and Jadwiga of Gniezno and Great Poland. ...


Louis' mother was Elizabeth, the daughter of Ladislaus the Short, and the sister of Casimir III the Great, king of Poland and the last ruler of Piast dynasty. Vladislav I. was prince of Bohemia from 1109 to 1117 and again from 1120 until his death in 1125. ... Casimir the Great Casimir III the Great (Polish: Kazimierz Wielki), (1310-1370), King of Poland, son of king Władyslaw I Łokietek (Wladyslaw the Elbow High), 1305-1333 and Jadwiga of Gniezno and Great Poland. ...


The Piasts did not die out in 1370, there were plenty of Piasts as princes in Silesia and in Masovia. King Casimir III however left only female issue, and an only grandson. As Louis has been arranged to succeed in Poland already since 1355, he became king of Poland. The Piast dynasty is a line of Kings and dukes that ruled Poland from its beginnings as an independent state up to 1370. ...


Louis married firstly 1342 Margaret of Luxemburg (1335-1349), underage daughter of Emperor Charles IV, who died still a minor. He married secondly 1353 Elisabeth of Bosnia (c 1340-1387), daughter of Stephen II of Bosnia and Elisabeth of Kujavia. Her maternal grandfather was Casimir of Kuyavia, son of Ziemomysl of Kuyavia and Salome of Pomerelia. Ziemomysl, Elisabeth's great-grandfather, was a Polish prince, a brother of Vladislav I of Poland, Louis's grandfather. Elisabeth's father was Louis's vassal in southern frontiers of Hungary.


Louis had three daughters, all born of his second wife:

Ludwik the Hungarian, King of Poland 1370-1382.
Ludwik the Hungarian, King of Poland 1370-1382.


Until rather recently, Poland had been ruled by her independent king Casimir III of Poland, of the ancient Piast dynasty. He had arranged, sonless and deeming his own descendants either unsuitable to inherit or too young, that his surviving sister Elisabeth of Poland and her son Louis king of Hungary will be his successors in Poland. Louis had been proclaimed king, and Elisabeth held much of the practical power until her death in 1380. Mary of Hungary (in Hungarian and Slovakian: Mária) was the second of three daughters of Louis I the Great of Hungary from the House of Angevin (Anjou). ... Sigismund (February 14/15, 1368 - December 9, 1437) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1433 to 1437. ... Surrounding but excluding the national capital Berlin, Brandenburg is one of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states). ... This article is about 14th century queen and saint. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (483x644, 156 KB) , Ludwik dAnjou, portrait from Królowie Polscy, Spólka Wydawnicza, Lódz 1900, Druk : Kraków W.D. Anczyca i Spólka. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (483x644, 156 KB) , Ludwik dAnjou, portrait from Królowie Polscy, Spólka Wydawnicza, Lódz 1900, Druk : Kraków W.D. Anczyca i Spólka. ... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Enyu of Japan, fifth and last of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Emperor Go-Komatsu ascends to the throne of Japan John Wyclifs teachings are condemned by the Synod of London. ... Casimir the Great Casimir III the Great (Polish: Kazimierz Wielki), (1310-1370), King of Poland, son of king WÅ‚adyslaw I Łokietek (Wladyslaw the Elbow High), 1305-1333 and Jadwiga of Gniezno and Great Poland. ...


When Louis died in 1382, the Hungarian throne was inherited by Mary. In Poland, however, the lords of Lesser Poland (the virtual rulers of Poland) did not want to continue the personal union with Hungary, nor to accept Mary's fiancé Sigismund as a regent. They therefore chose Mary's younger sister, Jadwiga, as their new monarch. After two years of negotiations with Jadwiga's mother, Dowager Queen Elisabeth of Hungary (Elisabeth of Bosnia) who was regent of Hungary, and a civil war in Greater Poland (1383), Jadwiga finally came to Kraków and was crowned King (sic) of Poland on 16 November 1384. The masculine gender in her title was intended to underline the fact that she was a monarch in her own right, not a queen consort. Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Enyu of Japan, fifth and last of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders Emperor Go-Komatsu ascends to the throne of Japan John Wyclifs teachings are condemned by the Synod of London. ... Lesser Poland voivodship since 1999 Little Poland or Lesser Poland (Polish Małopolska, Latin: Polonia Minor) is one of the historical regions of Poland. ... A personal union is a political union of two or more entities that, internationally, are considered separate states, but through established law, share the same head of state —hence also whatever political actions are vested in the head of state, but no (or very few) others. ... // High public office A regent, from the Latin regens who reigns is anyone who acts as head of state, especially if not the monarch (who has higher titles). ... Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: Wielkopolska, German: Grosspolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is one of the historical regions of Poland. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Chokei of Japan Emperor Go-Kameyama ascends to the throne of Japan Births Pope Eugenius IV Deaths March 1 - Amadeus VI of Savoy, Count of Savoy (b. ... Motto: none Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada miasta Kraków Mayor Jacek Majchrowski Area 326,8 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 757,500 (2004 est. ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... Events May / September 3 - Siege of Lisbon by the Castilian army, during the 1383-1385 Crisis Births Antoine, Duke of Brabant (died 1415) St Frances of Rome (died 1440) Khalil Sultan, ruler of Transoxiana (died 1411) Deaths January 1 - King Charles II of Navarre (b. ... King George V of the United Kingdom and his consort, Queen Mary A queen consort is the wife and consort of a reigning king. ...


Names in other languages: Hungarian: I (Nagy) Lajos, Polish: Ludwik Węgierski, Slovak: Ľudovít I (Veľký)


House of Angevin (junior branch) Image:AngevinArms.png No file by this name exists; you can upload it. ...



Preceded by:
Charles I
King of Hungary Succeeded by:
Mary

Charles I of Hungary (Anjou France 1288 or 1291 - Hungary July 16, 1342), also called Charles Robert, Carobert and Charles I Robert, was the king of Hungary from August 27, 1310. ... This is a list of all rulers of Hungary since Árpád. ... Mary of Hungary (in Hungarian and Slovakian: Mária) was the second of three daughters of Louis I the Great of Hungary from the House of Angevin (Anjou). ...

See also

  • History of Poland (966-1385)

In the first centuries of its existence, the Polish nation was led by a series of strong rulers who converted the Poles to Christendom, created a strong Central European state, and integrated Poland into European culture. ...

References

Monarchs of Poland
Piast: Siemowit | Lestko | Siemomysł | Mieszko I | Bolesław I the Brave | Mieszko II Lambert (1st reign) | Bezprym | Mieszko II Lambert (2nd reign) | Kazimierz I the Restorer | Bolesław II the Bold | Władysław I Herman | Zbigniew of Poland | Bolesław III Wrymouth | Władysław II the Exile | Bolesław IV the Curly | Mieszko III the Old | Kazimierz II the Just | Leszek I the White (1st reign) | Władysław III Spindleshanks (1st reign) | Leszek I the White (2nd reign) | Mieszko IV Tanglefoot | Leszek I the White (3rd reign) | Władysław III Spindleshanks (2nd reign) | Konrad I of Masovia (1st reign) | Henryk I the Bearded | Henryk II the Pious | Konrad I of Masovia (2nd reign) | Bolesław V the Chaste | Leszek II the Black | Henryk IV Probus | Przemysł II
Přemyslid: Václav II | Václav III
Piast: Władysław I the Elbow-high | Kazimierz III the Great
Angevin: Ludwik the Hungarian | Jadwiga Angevin
Jagiellon: Władysław II Jagiełło | Władysław III of Varna | Kazimierz IV Jagiellon | Jan I Olbracht | Alexander Jagiellon | Zygmunt I the Old | Zygmunt II August
Elected: Henryk III Walezy | Anna Jagiellon | Stefan Batory | Zygmunt III Vasa | Władysław IV Vasa | Jan II Kazimierz Vasa | Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki | Jan III Sobieski | August II the Strong (1st reign) | Stanisław Leszczyński (1st reign) | August II the Strong (2nd reign) | Stanisław Leszczyński (2nd reign) | August III the Saxon | Stanisław August Poniatowski

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m