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Encyclopedia > Louis Comfort Tiffany
Louis Comfort Tiffany (1848-1933) circa 1908

Louis Comfort Tiffany (February 18, 1848January 17, 1933) was an American artist and designer who worked in the decorative arts and is best known for his work in stained glass and is the American artist most associated with the Art Nouveau and Aesthetic movements. Tiffany was affiliated with a prestigious collaborative of designers known as the Associated Artists which included Lockwood de Forest, Candace Wheeler, and Samuel Colman. Tiffany designed stained glass windows and lamps, glass mosaics, blown glass, ceramics, jewelry, enamels and metalwork. Image File history File links Louis Comfort Tiffany, circa 1908. ... Image File history File links Louis Comfort Tiffany, circa 1908. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ... Vitebsk Railway Station one of the finest examples of Art Nouveau architecture. ... The Aesthetic movement is a loosely defined movement in art and literature in later nineteenth-century Britain. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Samuel Colman (1832—1920) was an American painter, interior designer, and writer, probably best remembered for his paintings of the Hudson River. ...

Contents

Personal life

Louis was the son of Charles Lewis Tiffany, founder of Tiffany and Company; and Harriet Olivia Avery Young. Louis married Mary Woodbridge Goddard (c1850-1884) on May 15, 1872 in Norwich, Connecticut and had the following children: Mary Woodbridge Tiffany (1873-1963) who married Graham Lusk; Charles Louis Tiffany I (1874-1874); Charles Louis Tiffany II (1878-1947); and Hilda Goddard Tiffany (1879-1908). After the death of his wife, he married Louise Wakeman Knox (1851-1904) on November 9, 1886. They had the following children: Louise Comfort Tiffany (1887-1974); Julia DeForest (1887-1973); Annie Olivia Tiffany (1888-1892); and Dorothy Trimble Tiffany (1891-1979). Charles Lewis Tiffany (b. ... Tiffany & Co. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


He went to school at the Eagleswood Military Academy in Perth Amboy, New Jersey. His first artistic training was as a painter, studying under George Inness and Samuel Colman in New York City, and Léon Bailly in Paris. The Eagleswood Military Academy was in Perth Amboy, New Jersey and existed in 1861. ... The Perth Amboy National Bank Building, and a view of the 5 Corners downtown area (Intersections of State and Smith Sts. ... George Inness, before 1867 Train in Lackawanna valley, 1855 Lake of Albano, Italy, 1869 George Inness was a United States painter, born in Newburgh, New York on May 1, 1825, and who died at Bridge of Allan, Scotland, on August 3, 1894. ... Samuel Colman (1832—1920) was an American painter, interior designer, and writer, probably best remembered for his paintings of the Hudson River. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... It has been suggested that List of visitor attractions in Paris be merged into this article or section. ...


Career

He became interested in glassmaking from about 1875 and worked at several glasshouses in Brooklyn between then and 1878. In 1879, he joined with Samuel Colman and Lockwood de Forest to form Louis Comfort Tiffany and Associated American Artists. Tiffany's leadership and talent, as well as by his father's money and connections, led this business to thrive. Glass can be made transparent and flat, or into other shapes and colors as shown in this sphere from the Verrerie of Brehat in Brittany. ... Samuel Colman (1832—1920) was an American painter, interior designer, and writer, probably best remembered for his paintings of the Hudson River. ...


A desire to concentrate on art in glass led to the breakup of the firm in 1885, when Tiffany chose to establish his own glassmaking firm later that same year. The first Tiffany Glass Company was incorporated on December 1, 1885, which in 1902 became known as the Tiffany Studios. 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Tiffany used opalescent glass in a variety of colors and textures to create a unique style of stained glass. This can be contrasted with the method of painting in glass paint or enamels on colorless glass that had been the dominant method of creating stained glass for several hundred years in Europe. (The First Presbyterian Church building of 1905 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania is unique in that it uses Tiffany windows that partially make use of painted glass.) Use of the colored glass itself to create stained glass pictures was motivated by the ideals of the Arts and Crafts movement and its leader William Morris in England. Fellow artist and glassmaker John La Farge was one of Tiffany's chief competitors, along with Oliver Kimberly and Frank Duffner of The Duffner and Kimberly Company, in this new American style of stained glass. Tiffany, La Farge, and Kimberly had learned their craft at the same glasshouses in Brooklyn in the late-1870s. Opalescence is a type of dichroism seen in highly dispersed systems with little opacity. ... “Pittsburgh” redirects here. ... Artichoke wallpaper, by John Henry Dearle for William Morris & Co. ... William Morris, socialist and innovator in the Arts and Crafts movement William Morris (March 24, 1834 – October 3, 1896) was an English artist, writer, socialist and activist. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... John LaFarge (March 31, 1835–November 14, 1910) was a painter,stained glass window maker, decorator, and writer. ... Duffner and Kimberly was a New York company which produced exquisite leaded glass and bronze lamps around the same period of time as Louis Comfort Tiffany, Tiffany Studios. ... // The invention of the telephone (1876) by Alexander Graham Bell. ...


In 1893 Tiffany built a new factory, called the Stourbridge Glass Company, later called Tiffany Glass Furnaces, which was located in Corona, Queens, New York. In 1893, his company also introduced the term, Favrile in conjunction with his first production of blown glass at his new glass factory. Some early examples of his lamps were exhibited in the 1893 World's Fair in Chicago. Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Corona, Queens, (zip code 11368) is a neighborhood in the former Township of Flushing in the New York City borough of Queens surrounded by Flushing, Jackson Heights, and Elmhurst. ... “NY” redirects here. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Favrile iridescent glass is a type of art glass patented in 1880 by Louis Comfort Tiffany. ... World Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893 The World Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago Worlds Fair), a Worlds fair, was held in Chicago in 1893 to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbuss discovery of the New World. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ...


He trademarked Favrile (from the old French word for handmade) on November 13, 1894. He later used this word to apply to all of his glass, enamel and pottery. Tiffany's first commercially produced lamps date from around 1895. Much of his company's production was in making stained glass windows and Tiffany lamps, but his company designed a complete range of interior decorations. At its peak, his factory employed more than 300 artisans. Favrile iridescent glass is a type of art glass patented in 1880 by Louis Comfort Tiffany. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... An example of a Tiffany lamp A Tiffany lamp is a type of lamp with a stained glass shade. ...


He used all his skills in the design of his own house, the 84-room Laurelton Hall, in Oyster Bay, Long Island, completed in 1905. Later this estate was donated to his foundation for art students along with 60 acres (243,000 m²) of land, sold in 1949, and was destroyed by a fire in 1957. Laurelton Hall was the home of noted artist Louis Comfort Tiffany, located in Oyster Bay, Long Island, New York. ... Oyster Bay is the name of a hamlet and census-designated place on the North Shore of Long Island in Nassau County in the state of New York, USA. The hamlet is also the site of a station on the Long Island Rail Road and the eastern termination point of... This article is about the island in New York State. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ...


The Charles Hosmer Morse Museum of American Art in Winter Park, Florida houses the world's most comprehensive collection of the works of Louis Comfort Tiffany, including Tiffany jewelry, pottery, paintings, art glass, leaded-glass windows, lamps, and the chapel interior he designed for the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. After the close of the exposition, a generous benefactor purchased the entire chapel for installation in the crypt of the Cathedral of Saint John the Divine, New York in New York City. As construction on the cathedral continued, the chapel fell into disuse, and in 1916, Tiffany removed the bulk of it to Laurelton Hall. After the 1957 fire, the chapel was rescued by Hugh McKean, a former art student in 1930 at Laurelton Hall, and his wife Jeannette Genius McKean, and now occupies an entire wing of the Morse Museum which they founded. Many glass panels from Laurelton Hall are also there; for many years some were on display in local restaurants and businesses in Central Florida. Some were replaced by full-scale color transparencies after the museum opened. A major exhibit at New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art on Laurelton Hall opened in November 2006. A new exhibit at the New-York Historical Society through 28 May 2007 features new information about the women who worked for Tiffany and their contribution to designs credited to Tiffany. [1] The Charles Hosmer Morse Museum of American Art houses the most comprehensive collection of the works of Louis Comfort Tiffany found anywhere, a major collection of American art pottery, and fine collections of late-19th and early-20th century American paintings, graphics and the decorative arts. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... One-third scale replica of Daniel Chester Frenchs Republic, which stood in the great basin at the exposition, Chicago, 2004 The Worlds Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago Worlds Fair), a Worlds Fair, was held in Chicago in 1893, to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher... The Western facade, including the Rose Window Western entrance on Amsterdam Avenue The Cathedral of St. ... Central Florida is the central region of the United States state of Florida, on the East Coast. ... Metropolitan Museum of Art New York Elevation The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as The Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums. ... The New-York Historical Society is an American organization located in New York City and dedicated to the preservation of the citys history. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Tiffany maintained close ties with the family firm. The Tiffany Company sold many products produced by the studios. He became Artistic Director of Tiffany & Co. after his father's death in 1902. The Tiffany Studios remained in business until 1932.


Death

He died on January 17, 1933, and was buried in Greenwood Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York. is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Chapel at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn NY Green-Wood Cemetery was founded in 1838 as a rural cemetery in Brooklyn, New York, it was granted National Historic Landmark status in 2006 by the U.S. Department of the Interior. ... For other meanings, see Brooklyn (disambiguation). ...


Societies

The Society of American Artists was formed in 1877 by artists who felt the National Academy of Design did not adequately meet their needs, and was too conservative. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The National Academy of Design, in New York City, now called simply The National Academy, is an honorary association of American artists, with a museum and a school of fine arts. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... French Legion of Honor The Légion dhonneur (in Legion of Honor (AmE) or Legion of Honour (ComE)) is an Order of Chivalry awarded by the President of France. ... Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ...

Gallery

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

See also

Louis C. Tiffany Garden Museum Mae Station ) is a train station operated by Ichibata Electric Railway, located in Matsue, Shimane Prefecture, Japan. ... The Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation was founded in 1918 by Louis Comfort Tiffany to operate his estate, Laurelton Hall, in Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island. ... Brown Memorial Presbyterian Church, c1875 Brown Memorial Presbyterian Church of Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A., also known as Brown Memorial Park Avenue Presbyterian Church, is a large, Gothic Revival-style Presbyterian church located at Park and Lafayette Avenues in the citys Bolton Hill section. ... Baltimore redirects here. ...

References

  • Ernest Edwin Logan (1973). The Church That Was Twice Born-A History of the First Presbyterian Church Of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 1773-1973. Pittsburgh, PA: Pickwick-Morcraft.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Louis Comfort Tiffany - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (471 words)
Louis Comfort Tiffany (February 18, 1848 - January 17, 1933) was an American artist and designer who is best known for his work in stained glass and is the American artist most associated with the Art Nouveau movement.
Tiffany was the son of Charles Lewis Tiffany, founder of the world-famous Tiffany and Co. His first artistic training was as a painter, studying under George Inness and Samuel Coleman in New York, and Léon Bailly in Paris.
Tiffany became a member of the Society of American Artists in 1877, the National Academy of Design in 1880, the American Water Color Society, and the Societé des Beaux Arts.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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