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Encyclopedia > Loughton
Loughton

Loughton shown within Essex
Population 30,340
OS grid reference TQ422961
Parish Loughton
District Epping Forest
Shire county Essex
Region East
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LOUGHTON
Postcode district IG10
Dialling code 020
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
European Parliament East of England
UK Parliament Epping Forest
List of places: UKEnglandEssex

Coordinates: 51°38′58″N 0°04′25″E / 51.6494, 0.0735 Loughton is the name of more than one place. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... A civil parish (usually just parish) in England is a subnational entity forming the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Epping Forest is a local government district of the county of Essex, England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... // Constituent country is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a historical, currently non-legally officially recognised country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged, gives an overview of states around the world with information on the extent of their sovereignty. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The IG postcode area is a group of 11 postal districts in north east Greater London which are subdivisions of six post towns. ... +44 redirects here. ... (Redirected from 020) The Motorola 68020 is a microprocessor from Motorola. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... Essex Police is a Home Office (territorial) police force with responsibility for policing the county of Essex in south east England. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... Essex County Fire and Rescue Service are the statutory fire fighting service for the county of Essex in the south-east of England. ... Badge of the East of England Ambulance Service The East of England Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Luton, Norfolk, Peterborough, Southend-on-Sea, Suffolk and Thurrock, in the East of England region. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... East of England is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Epping Forest is a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the county of Essex, England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Loughton (IPA: /ˈlaʊtən/ or lau-ton) is a residential town and civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex. It is located 12.2 miles (19.7 km) north east of Charing Cross in London, south of the M25 motorway and has boundaries with Chingford, Buckhurst Hill, Theydon Bois, Waltham Abbey, and Chigwell. Loughton includes 3 conservation areas and there are 56 listed buildings in the town, together with a further 50 locally listed. A civil parish (usually just parish) in England is a subnational entity forming the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ... Epping Forest is a local government district of the county of Essex, England. ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The M25 motorway looking south between junctions 14 and 15, near Heathrow Airport. ... Chingford is a town in London Borough of Waltham Forest. ... , Buckhurst Hill is a suburban town in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... , Theydon Bois is a large London commuter belt village in the Epping Forest district of Essex located 14. ... Waltham Abbey is a market town of about 20,400 people in the south west of the county of Essex, in the East of England region. ... Chigwell is a civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... The Forth Bridge, designed by Sir Benjamin Baker and Sir John Fowler, opened in 1890, and now owned by Network Rail, is designated as a Category A listed building by Historic Scotland. ...


Loughton has a population of 30,340 and covers about 3,500 acres (14 km²), of which over 1,300 acres (5 km²) are part of Epping Forest. After Canvey Island and Rayleigh, it is the third-largest separately administered town in Essex. The Town Council was re-established in 1996. Epping Forest is an area of ancient woodland in south-east England, straddling the border between north-east Greater London and Essex. ... , Canvey Island (area 18. ... Map sources for Rayleigh, Essex at grid reference TQ806907 Arms of the former Rayleigh Urban District Council Rayleigh is a market town in Essex, England located between Chelmsford and Southend-on-Sea. ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ...


The town is principally residential but is also home to the printing works where all English banknotes are printed. The works are owned by the Bank of England; since 2002, the actual printing has been undertaken on the site by De La Rue. Headquarters Coordinates , , Governor Mervyn King Central Bank of United Kingdom Currency Pound sterling ISO 4217 Code GBP Base borrowing rate 5. ... De La Rue is a British commercial printer and paper maker headquartered in Basingstoke, Hampshire. ...


From 1839 to 2000, Loughton was in the Metropolitan Police District, but on 1 April 2000, it was transferred to the jurisdiction of the Essex Police. Telephone numbers in the town, anomalously, have the London (020) area code. This anomaly is shared with Ewell in Surrey. The Metropolitan Police District (MPD) is the area policed by Londons Metropolitan Police Service. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Essex Police is a Home Office (territorial) police force with responsibility for policing the county of Essex in south east England. ... Note that Temple Ewell is in Kent Ewell is a town in the borough of Epsom and Ewell in Surrey, close to the southern boundary of Greater London. ...


Loughton station is served by the London Underground Central Line. It was opened in 1940, but the railway line dates back to 22 August 1856, when the branch from Stratford was opened by the Eastern Counties Railway. The railway's 150th anniversary was celebrated by an exhibition and activity day at Loughton Station on 19 August 2006. Loughton station. ... The London Underground is a rapid transit system that serves a large part of Greater London and some neighbouring areas of Essex, Hertfordshire and Buckinghamshire. ... London Transport Portal The Central Line is a line of the London Underground and coloured red on the tube map. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about Stratford Regional station in London. ... The Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) began operating on June 20 1839 with a train service from a temporary terminus at Mile End to Romford, and working to a gauge of five feet. ... is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


There are several distinctive neighbourhoods in Loughton:


Debden occupies about 650 acres/250 hectares to the east of Loughton High Road; it was built by the London County Council between 1947 and 1952 as an out-county estate, with the intention of rehousing people from London whose homes had been destroyed or damaged during the Second World War. There are two places in the English county of Essex named Debden: A village in the north of Essex with a well-known aerodrome - see Debden, North Essex A suburb of the town of Loughton, in the south of Essex - see Debden, South Essex This is a disambiguation page — a... London County Council emblem is still seen today on buildings, especially housing, from that era London County Council (LCC) was the principal local government body for the County of London from 1889 until 1965, when it was replaced by the Greater London Council. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Debden Green is a hamlet set around an ancient green in the north-east corner of the parish. Debden House is an adult learning and conference centre in Debden Green run by the London Borough of Newham; the grounds include a campsite. This article is about the London borough. ...


North Farm is an estate at the southern end of the parish.


The hilly area of north-west Loughton closest to Epping Forest is known as Little Cornwall, an area characterised by steep hills, weatherboarded houses, narrow lanes and high holly hedges. Little Cornwall is the name given to part of Loughton, Essex. ...


The area south of the London Underground Central Line is known as the Roding Estate or South Loughton, and was mostly built up between the First World War and Second World War The London Underground is a rapid transit system that serves a large part of Greater London and some neighbouring areas of Essex, Hertfordshire and Buckinghamshire. ... London Transport Portal The Central Line is a line of the London Underground and coloured red on the tube map. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...

Contents

History

Much of the housing in Loughton was built in the Victorian and Edwardian eras, with significant expansion in the 1930s. The Great Eastern Railway Company would not offer workmen's fares to and from Loughton, so development was of a middle-class character. Loughton was a fashionable place for artistic and scientific residents in Victorian and Edwardian times, and a number of prominent residents were also socialists, nonconformists, and social reformers. Debden is a post-war development intended to ease the chronic housing shortage in London in the 1940s The Great Eastern Railway (GER) was formed in 1862 as an amalgamation of the Eastern Counties Railway; and also with several other smaller railways: Norfolk, the Eastern Union, the Newmarket, the Harwich, the East Anglian Light and the East Suffolk; among others. ... , Debden is a suburb of the town of Loughton, located in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ...


From 1900 to 1933, Loughton was governed by the Loughton Urban District Council. From 1933 to 1974 together with Buckhurst Hill and Chigwell it formed the Chigwell Urban District. Since 1996, Loughton has had its own town council. In the British Isles an urban district was a type of local government district which covered an urbanised area. ... , Buckhurst Hill is a suburban town in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... Chigwell is a civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... Chigwell Urban District was an urban district in the county of Essex, England. ... In the United Kingdom, town councils are civil parish councils, where the civil parish is a town. ...


Prehistory

Loughton has a very long history of settlement. Standing on a strategic spur of high ground in Epping Forest is Loughton Camp, an Iron Age fort built about 500 BC Loughton Camp is roughly oval, defended by a single earth rampart enclosing about 12 acres. At one time, the Camp must have commanded a spectacular view down the Roding valley, but by 1872 it was covered by dense undergrowth and entirely forgotten. In that year it was re-discovered by a Mr B.H. Cowper, and excavations ten years later found Iron Age pottery within the ramparts. Camps like this were probably places of refuge and citadels rather than places to live. Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... Centuries: 7th century BC - 6th century BC - 5th century BC Decades: 550s BC - 540s BC - 530s BC - 520s BC - 510s BC - 500s BC - 490s BC - 480s BC - 470s BC - 460s BC - 450s BC Events and Trends 509 BC - Foundation of the Roman Republic 508 BC - Office of pontifex maximus created...


Loughton Camp lies close to Ambresbury Banks, another Iron Age fortification (which is in Epping parish). Though the two forts were once thought to be sequential - Loughton Camp followed by Ambresbury - the current view is that they face each other across a watershed which was an ancient boundary line, later re-used as the boundary between Ongar and Waltham Hundreds. It is now believed that these two forts were in separate - and presumably sometimes hostile - territories, roughly equivalent to the medieval Hundreds of Ongar (Loughton Camp) and Ambresbury (Waltham. The forts may therefore have acted as very visible strategic positions, huge frontier markers, which defined the boundary between two territories. Ambresbury Banks is the name given to the remains of an Iron Age hill fort in Epping Forest, Essex, England. ... For other places with the same name, see Epping (disambiguation). ... Ongar can refer to - Ongar, Dublin, Ireland Chipping Ongar, Essex, England ...


Roman period

There was significant Roman settlement along the Roding valley, with a minor road from London to the Roman small town at Dunmow following the course of the river. There was a settlement on the Chigwell side of the river at Little London; excavations indicate that this may have been a relay station (mutatio) where official travellers on state business could change horses and rest for the night. Little London may have been the settlement of Durolitum mentioned in the Antonine Itinerary; the name means 'the fort on the ford', which fits the geography, although the archaeological evidence has not revealed any military buildings. There was also a substantial Roman building on the Loughton side of the Roding, probably a large farmhouse. For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Roding is a small town in Bavaria, Germany, near the Czech border. ... Great Dunmow is a town in Essex, England. ... Chigwell is a civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ...


Anglo-Saxon

In the fifth century, there was some continuation of Roman-style rule for a time, but Anglo-Saxon invaders quickly carved out new territories. One of these was the Kingdom of Essex. In the Loughton area, it is likely that rural life carried on much as it had always done, although the forest may have expanded as the population declined through war and plague. It was in this Saxon period that modern Loughton first began; known as Lukintune, the place-name is Anglo-Saxon, and means ‘the farm of Luhha'. Settlement was widely scattered; Lukintune was in the area of the later Loughton Hall, and two other hamlets were around Alderton Hall (Aelwartone - ‘the farm of Aethelwaru’), and Debden House (Tippedene - ‘the valley of Tippa’) For other uses, see Anglo-Saxon. ... The Kingdom of the East Seaxe (one of the seven traditional kingdoms of the so-called Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy) was founded around 500 AD and covered the territory currently occupied by the counties of Essex, Hertfordshire and Middlesex. ...


In 1062 Harold Godwinson (later King Harold II), re-founded Waltham Abbey and Edward the Confessor granted various estates to the Abbey, which included Tippedene (Debden) and Alwartune (Alderton Hall, in Loughton). Edward the Confessor's charter of 1062 is the first written evidence of the settlement (Lukinton). The bounds of these estates are given in the charter, but have never been analysed to assess their actual geographical extent. Tippedene means 'the valley of Tippa', but by the 13th century, the original meaning had been forgotten and the estate was by then known as Dupedene, 'deep valley'. Events Founding of Marrakech The Almoravids overrun Morocco and establish a kingdom from Spain to Senegal. ... Harold Godwinson (Haraldur Guðinason), or Harold II (c. ... Waltham Abbey in the town of Waltham Abbey, Essex, England was founded in 1030 and a building was constructed on the site by Harold Godwinson thirty years later. ... St Edward the Confessor or Eadweard III (c. ...


The boundaries of the Tippedene estate survive in an Anglo-Saxon charter. One landscape feature mentioned in the charter is saeteres burh - robbers' camp - and this may have been the Anglo-Saxon name for Loughton Camp.


Norman

Following the Norman invasion, the Domesday Book, issued in 1087, gives two snapshots of life in the area, first as it was in 1066 under Edward the Confessor, and again in 1086 under William the Conqueror (here it is written as Lochintuna). Domesday assessed the taxability of every estate in the land, so is an extremely useful guide to the taxable population and their taxable resources. Loughton was fragmented into eight separate estates. Five were held by Waltham Abbey itself, including one they had annexed from a free man. Other landowners were Robert Gernon, Peter of Valognes (who had displaced a free Anglo-Saxon named Wulfric), and the king himself. There were a total of 88 heads of households across both Chigwell and Loughton. The land must have been well-wooded as it was said to be capable of supporting 1,870 pigs, a notional measure of the size of forest but a very large number all the same. 76 acres of meadows on the 10 estates of Chigwell and Loughton may well have consisted mainly of land beside the Roding, which was fertile but liable to seasonal flooding. Livestock comprised 28 cattle, 48 sheep, and 48 pigs, as well as 15 goats. There had been a water-mill at Chigwell in 1066, but this had been abandoned by 1086. Bayeux Tapestry depicting events leading to the Battle of Hastings The Norman Conquest of England was the conquest of the Kingdom of England by William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy), in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings and the subsequent Norman control of England. ... A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ...


Medieval

Loughton's growth since Domesday has largely been at the expense of the forest. Expansion towards the Roding was not possible over the marshy meadows, but there were gradual encroachments into the forest to the north and west of the village; it should be remembered that until recently, while the forest trees were themselves a valuable resource, the open spaces and scrub which are a natural part of any forest were simply regarded as 'waste', which ought to be taken into cultivation. Loughton landlords and villagers both saw fit to inclose and build upon forest 'waste', but the trickle of forest destruction threatened to turn into a flood in the 19th century, once royalty had lost interest in protecting the woodland as a hunting reserve, and more particularly after the railway arrived in Loughton in 1856. As the forest disappeared, some Loughton villagers defied landowners to practice their ancient right to lop wood, and the intelligentsia began to express alarm at the loss of such a significant natural resource. A series of court cases, one brought by the Loughton labourer, Thomas Willingale, was needed before Epping Forest was finally saved in 1878 for the enjoyment of everyone. Thomas Willingale (1799-1870), lived in the village of Loughton in Essex, UK. He was instrumental in the preservation of Epping Forest and is commemorated for his actions. ...


Loughton's High Road in the Middle Ages ran to Woodford to the south, but to the north, surrounded by Forest, it petered out, with footpaths running down to the Roding from Buckhurst Hill and to Chigwell. However, between 1611-1622, the High Road was extended via what is now Church Hill and Goldings Hill to Epping, and this quickly became the main coaching route from London to East Anglia. However, it remained a difficult route for horse-drawn traffic, because of steep hills, so in 1830-34 the Epping New Road was constructed. As early as 1404 the High Road was mentioned in a court action, when one John Lucteborough was prosecuted for throwing the rubbish from his ditch outside Richard Algor's gate on the King's highway. Richard Algor's house survived in part, concealed by much overbuilding, until 1963 near the junction of Algers Road and High Road. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Woodford is principally noteworthy for being the birthplace of the founder members of the notorious association who called themselves the Whores Drawers in the 1980s. ... , Buckhurst Hill is a suburban town in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... For other places with the same name, see Epping (disambiguation). ... Norfolk and Suffolk, the core area of East Anglia. ...


Many of Loughton's other roads are of ancient origin, such as Rectory Lane, Traps Hill, and Smarts Lane.


Loughton Hall has had a fascinating history. Mary Tudor was its owner two months before she became queen in 1553. In 1578 it passed to the Wroth family, who were prominent in public and court life; they held it until 1738. Lady Mary Wroth (1586-c1652) of Loughton Hall was a member of a glittering Jacobean literary circle and her book Urania was the first full-length novel to be written by an English woman. The 16th Century house, visited by James I, Anne of Denmark, Ben Jonson and Sir Robert Sidney,the younger brother of Sir Philip Sidney and the father of Mary. Sir Philip died some months before Mary Wroth was born. He therefore never visited Loughton Hall. The original Loughton Hall burnt down in a spectacular fire in 1836, to be replaced by the present building, which the Reverend J. W. Maitland had built in 1878. The Maitland family held the manor for much of the 19th century, and dominated parish life. As major landowners, they were bound up with the controversy over the future of the Forest. In 1944 the house and estate were sold to the London County Council. A London County Council estate was built on the land, which surprisingly was called the Debden estate rather than the Loughton Hall estate, and the house was given over to community use. Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558), also known as Mary Tudor, was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 6 July 1553 (de facto) or 19 July 1553 (de jure) until her death on 17 November 1558. ... Lady Mary Wroth (1586–1652) was an English poet of the Renaissance. ... Anna of Denmark (October 14, 1574 – March 4, 1619) was queen consort of King James I of England and VI of Scotland. ... For other persons of the same name, see Ben Johnson (disambiguation). ... Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester (November 19, 1563 – July 13, 1626), second son of Sir Henry Sidney, was a statesman of Elizabethan and Jacobean England. ... Philip Sidney Sir Philip Sidney (November 30, 1554 - October 17, 1586) became one of the Elizabethan Ages most prominent figures. ... Lady Mary Wroth (1586–1652) was an English poet of the Renaissance. ...


Agriculture and forestry were the most important local trades until well into the 20th century. There were other industries however, on a small-scale. As the place-names Tile-Kiln Farm and Potters Close testify, there were brick, tile and pottery manufacturing sites in the area from the 15th century onwards. In Loughton, these were located on Goldings Hill, Englands Lane, Nursery Road, between Albion Hill and Warren Hill, and York Hill.


Loughton's High Road was defined for centuries by the two historic inns at either end, the Crown and the King's Head. There were a few shops in between, and a cottage or two, but the bustling shopping centre we see today has only really come about since 1918.


However, the area was attractive to London merchants and business-people from the 17th century onwards as it provided the advantages both of a country retreat together with proximity to London; Loughton is less than 12 miles (19 km) from Charing Cross. But even now, this is not suburbia; the stout fences and high holly hedges of many houses recall a time not so long ago when it was necessary to keep out straying cattle and deer. The Victorian Eleanor Cross at Charing Cross The name Charing Cross, now given to a district of central London in the City of Westminster, comes from the original hamlet of Charing, where King Edward I placed a memorial to his wife, Eleanor of Castile. ...


Dick Turpin (1705-1739), the notorious highwayman, made his mark in the area during his life of crime. In about 1734, the Widow Shelley, living in a farm on Traps Hill, was supposedly roasted over her own fire by Turpin until she confessed to where her money was hidden. In fact, his last spell of 'going straight' before he became a professional thief appears to have been in Buckhurst Hill, where between 1733-4 he was a butcher. The area was no doubt convenient for deer-poaching, another of his 'trades'. Fear of his ruthless style of burglary led householders in Loughton to build 'Turpin traps', heavy wooden flaps let down over the top of the stairs and jammed in place with a pole against the upstairs ceiling. Some of these survived until the middle of the 19th century. For the British television series, see Dick Turpin (TV series). ...


Although in excess of 50 dwellings over 200 years old remain, most of the grand houses built in the 17th and 18th centuries have gone. These were country retreats for wealthy City merchants and courtiers, but the gradual urbanisation of the area has left few of them intact. Loughton Hall and Alderton Hall in Loughton survive. A second wave of grand Victorian edifices, built by nouveau riche industrialists and magnates, survives in better order. North Haven and Loughton Lodge are examples Here too though there have been losses, such as Brooklyn in Loughton, the home of the influential Gould family, demolished to make way for Loughton Library. These houses required armies of domestic servants, which in turn attracted more people to the area.


Victorian

Loughton underground station
Loughton underground station

In Wright's History of Essex published in 1835, Loughton is described as 'distinguished by its numerous genteel houses and beautiful and picturesque scenery'. Download high resolution version (1024x706, 206 KB)Loughton tube station Date: 25th July 2004 14:52 Camera: Canon DIGITAL IXUS II Exposure: 1/160 sec. ... Download high resolution version (1024x706, 206 KB)Loughton tube station Date: 25th July 2004 14:52 Camera: Canon DIGITAL IXUS II Exposure: 1/160 sec. ...


Like other parts of Essex, Loughton also had a strong tradition of nonconformism, and the area is liberally supplied with chapels and meeting halls of varying Protestant traditions. The Baptists founded their chapel in Loughton from 1813. After a brief false start in Chigwell in 1827, Methodism came late to the area, surprising in a district so well trod by John Wesley. A chapel was established in England's Lane in 1873 by Edward Pope, while after a spell in Forest Road, Loughton, a new site was established in 1886, in High Road opposite Traps Hill. The red-brick Gothic-style church, architect Josiah Gunton, erected 1903, was replaced in 1987 by a strikingly modern building which is quite a Loughton landmark. Congregationalists were active in Chigwell from 1804, and in Loughton shared the Baptist Chapel as a Union Church. Non conformism is the term of KKK ... For other uses, see Methodism (disambiguation). ... For other persons named John Wesley, see John Wesley (disambiguation). ...


Before the railways, there were regular stagecoaches from Loughton to London, and the turnpike through Loughton was an important stagecoach route through to Cambridge, Norwich, Newmarket, and other East Anglian towns. A toll road, turnpike or tollpike is a road on which a toll authority collects a fee for use. ... This article is about the city in England. ... For other places with the same name, see Norwich (disambiguation). ... This article is about the English town. ...


Beyond the High Road, the arrival of the railway in 1856 spurred the town’s development. Loughton's growth was essentially infilling and expansion within an ancient village, but it was a slow process. Very roughly, the west side of the High Road being developed from about 1881 up to the First World War, and the east side largely being built up in the Edwardian and inter-war periods


The railway first came to Loughton in 1856, when the Eastern Counties Railway (later the Great Eastern Railway) opened a branch line via Woodford. This was extended in 1865 to Ongar. The loop line from Leytonstone to Woodford which takes in, inter alia, Hainault, Grange Hill, Chigwell and Roding Valley tube stations, was opened in 1903. After the Second World War, these services were electrified in stages and handed to London Transport's Central Line. Electrification was completed as far as Loughton on 21 November 1948 (including the loop line), with the section to Epping completed on 26 September 1949. After years of decline, the final section of this line, from Epping to Ongar, was closed in 1994. The arrival of the railways was undoubtedly a key factor in the growth of the area, and also provided visitors with a convenient and cheap means of reaching Epping Forest, transforming it into the "East Enders' Playground". The Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) began operating on June 20 1839 with a train service from a temporary terminus at Mile End to Romford, and working to a gauge of five feet. ... The Great Eastern Railway (GER) was formed in 1862 as an amalgamation of the Eastern Counties Railway; and also with several other smaller railways: Norfolk, the Eastern Union, the Newmarket, the Harwich, the East Anglian Light and the East Suffolk; among others. ... , Leytonstone is a place in the London Borough of Waltham Forest, in East London, England. ... Hainault is a station on the Central Line in Hainault in the London Borough of Redbridge. ... Grange Hill station is a London Underground station on the Central Line which lies on the boundary between the London Borough of Redbridge and the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... Chigwell station is a London Underground station at Chigwell in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... Roding Valley is a London Underground station situated directly on the border between the Epping Forest distict of Essex and the London Borough of Redbridge. ... The London Transport Executive (LTE), commonly known as London Transport, was the organisation responsible for public transport in London, United Kingdom and its environs from 1948-1963. ... London Transport Portal The Central Line is a line of the London Underground and coloured red on the tube map. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other places with the same name, see Epping (disambiguation). ... Ongar can refer to - Ongar, Dublin, Ireland Chipping Ongar, Essex, England ...


The railways brought a tourist boom to the forest, and Loughton's streets rang to the shouts of Cockneys making their way to the forest. Tea rooms sprang up everywhere to cater for the thirsty trippers, and at weekends hordes of cyclists poured out of London seeking the tranquility and beauty which the forest offered. The tourist invasion was not universally welcomed; the visitors were condemned by some as insanitary, irreligious, and disruptive, and Loughton was long nick-named 'Lousy Loughton' from the lice and fleas purportedly left behind by East Enders. St Mary-le-Bow The term cockney is often used to refer to working-class people of London, particularly east London, and the slang used by these people. ...


The Ragged School Union began organising visits to the Forest by organised parties of poor East End children in 1891. Shortly afterwards, Loughton became the focus for their operations. Trainloads of children - with metal identity tags and locked into carriages - were brought on special trains in their thousands every summer, to be marched up Station Road and Forest Road to the Shaftesbury Retreat. The trains were paid for by Pearson's Fresh Air Fund, a charity promoted by a publishing magnate. The Retreat offered pony rides, funfair side-shows, a sit-down tea and a romp in the forest. Some local residents regarded the trips, which continued into the 1930s as a nuisance, and local streets and parts of the forest were sprayed with disinfectant after the children had passed through! Ragged schools is a name given to the 19th century charity schools in the United Kingdom which provided education and, in most cases, food, clothing, and lodging for destitute children. ... The term East End is most commonly used to refer to the East End of London. ...


Twentieth century

Direct omnibus services linked Loughton to London from 1915. The old No. 10 route from Victoria - Abridge via Loughton survived until 1976 (a modern derivative, paid for by Essex County Council, again numbered 10, linked Loughton and Abridge until 2007), and the No. 20 service from Leyton - Epping survives, though it has terminated in Loughton since 1976 and now only runs from Walthamstow to Debden. The No. 167 route runs from Debden to Ilford. For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... , Abridge is a small town in Essex, England. ...


During the First World War, anti-aircraft positions were located in Epping Forest as part of the wider defences of London, but action was minor compared to the Second World War. There are however residents still alive who recall hearing the Silvertown Explosion in 1917, when a TNT factory in the Royal Docks blew up killing 73 people. The sound of the blast could be heard from The Wash to Brighton. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Silvertown is an industrialised suburb in the London Borough of Newham dominated by the Tate & Lyle sugar factory and transformed since 1970 by the construction of the Thames Barrier, an adjacent park, new housing areas and the London City Airport. ... For other places with the same name, see Brighton (disambiguation). ...


On the very first day of the Blitz, 7 September 1940 ("Black Saturday"), a Hurricane from 303 Sqn crashed onto an air-raid shelter in Roding Road, killing three occupants. The Polish pilot bailed out, and was promptly arrested as he could speak virtually no English. Also killed by "friendly fire" was PC Albert Hinds, blown up outside Loughton Police Station by a shell from an anti-aircraft battery in Nursery Road. Two A.R.P. men nearby died later from their injuries. A memorial plaque placed on the police station in 2005 commemorates all Loughton's civilian war dead; it is one of very few UK civilian war memorials. Even before the Blitz had begun, there was sporadic German bombing; two people were killed in The Drive on 26th July 1940, the first fatalities of the war in the London Civil Defence Region. In a 1941 raid, farms were damaged in Loughton and Debden, while a gun battery at Loughton Hall was hit, killing a soldier. At Staples Road Schools, the white-painted air-raid shelter directions are still clearly visible: CASUALTY ENTRANCE - THROUGH AIRLOCK BY SANDBAGS. Staples Road school had until 2006 the unique distinction of having amongst its alumni both the Foreign Secretary, Jack Straw, and the chairman of the Foreign Affairs Select Committee, Mike Gapes. ‹ The template below (Citations missing) is being considered for deletion. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This memorial in England lists the names of soldiers who died in the First World War. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The title of Foreign Secretary has been traditionally used to refer to the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. ... John Whitaker Straw (born August 3, 1946) is a British Labour Party politician. ... The Foreign Affairs Committee is one of many Select Committees of the British House of Commons, which scrutinises the work of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. ... Michael John Gapes (born 4 September 1952, Wanstead) is a Labour and Co-operative politician in the United Kingdom. ...


There has been much post-war rebuilding and infilling; the church of St. Edmund of Canterbury, in Traps Hill, is an example of modern church architecture, built in 1958 following a disastrous fire in an earlier building. Another notable modern church is Loughton Methodist Church, opened in 1987. The Victorian St Mary's Church has had (2008) a foyer and modern hall attached and all the pews removed. The police station was rebuilt in 1963/64. There has also been some post-war rebuilding of High Road shops, notably Centric Parade, which dates from 1983, but is effectively a new facade built on to the former London Cooperative Society supermarket, one of the largest in the UK when opened in 1962, with roof-top car park. The M11 motorway linking London to Cambridge passes very close to Loughton; this part of the motorway was opened in 1977. Light industrial units proliferated along the Roding valley between 1975-2000, notably in Langston Road.


Twenty-first century

The headquarters of Higgins Group PLC[1] on Langston Road made a significant addition to the townscape in 2005.


Following the 2002 ITV1 TV series Essex Wives, journalists coined the phrase golden triangle to describe Loughton, Chigwell, and Buckhurst Hill, from their general affluence and the up-front ostentation of some of their inhabitants. ITV1 is the name, in England, Wales and the Scottish borders, for a terrestrial, free-to-air television channel, broadcast in the United Kingdom by the ITV network. ... Essex Wives was a 2002 television documentary series featuring women living in Essex, near London, United Kingdom. ... Chigwell is a civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... , Buckhurst Hill is a suburban town in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ...


Loughton is home to many teen chavs who like to get drunk, get high and murder other chav teens.[1]


The Arts

Drama

Loughton is home to the internationally renowned East 15 Acting School. East 15 grew from the work of Joan Littlewood's famed Theatre Workshop, and the school’s name acknowledges its debt - Joan Littlewood's Theatre Workshop was based in Stratford, London, whose postal district is E15. The School, which became part of the University of Essex in 2000, includes the Corbett Theatre in its campus. Regular productions are staged at the theatre, which was named after Harry H. Corbett (1925-1982), himself a Theatre Workshop member and benefactor of East 15. The theatre building is actually a converted medieval flint barn from Sussex which was dismantled and rebuilt in Loughton. East 15 is a professional acting school in Loughton, Essex. ... Theatre Workshop is a theatre group most notable for their devised pieces that included Oh, what a lovely war, and their leader, Joan Littlewood. ... , Stratford, historically Stratford Langthorne, is a place in the London Borough of Newham in East London. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The University of Essex rules is a British plate glass university. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Harry H. Corbett on the right with Hercules the horse. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... This article refers to the historic county in England. ...


The character actor Jack Watling (1923-2001) lived for many years in Alderton Hall, Loughton. His son, Giles (1953-), also an actor, was born there. Actor and playwright Ken Campbell (1941- ), nicknamed ‘The Elf of Epping Forest’, lives in Baldwins Hill, Loughton. Comedy-drama actor Alan Davies (1966- ) grew up in Loughton, and attended Staples Road school. His family had moved from Chingford. Jack Watling (13 January 1923 in Chingford, Essex - 22 May 2001 in Chelmsford) was a British actor. ... Giles Watling (born 18 February 1953, in Chingford, London is an English actor. ... Kenneth Victor Campbell (born December 10, 1941 in Ilford, Essex) is a British writer, actor, director and comedian, known for his unconventional work in theatre. ... Alan Davies (born 6 March 1966) is an English comedian and actor best known for starring as Jonathan Creek on the popular TV mystery series of the same name. ... Chingford is a town in London Borough of Waltham Forest. ...


Amateur drama also thrives in Loughton, mainly performed at Lopping Hall. Performances from Loughton Amateur Dramatic Society, founded in 1924, alternate with those from the West Essex Repertory Company, founded in 1945. Lopping Hall is one of the most important public buildings in Loughton. Opened in 1884, it was paid for by the Corporation of London to compensate villagers for the loss of traditional rights to lop wood in Epping Forest, rights which were bought out when the management of the forest was taken over by the Corporation in 1878. Lopping Hall served as Loughton’s town hall and was the venue for most of the parish’s social – and especially musical - activities during the early 20th century. There are ambitious plans by the Trustees for the building’s restoration by 2009. There is also a full-scale theatre - the College Theatre - on the campus of Epping Forest College, soon to close for major rebuilding work at the college. [2] [3] [4]


Music

Loughton has a thriving classical music scene dating back to the late 19th century, when there were regular concerts by the Loughton Choral Society in Lopping Hall under the redoubtable conductorship of Henry Riding. Today, performances are mainly at two venues, Loughton Methodist Church and St. John’s Church. There are regular concerts from local and visiting artistes, choirs and orchestras, and Loughton Methodist Church hosts the prestigious annual Loughton Youth Music Festival, which showcases talented pupils from local schools and colleges. There is a more international flavour at St. John’s, where the festival choir undertakes extensive overseas tours, and in turn hosts well-known soloists, chamber and operatic groups. The music hall artiste José Collins (1887-1958) lived at 107 High Road for many years. The hymn writer Sarah Flower Adams (1805-1848) lived at a house called Sunnybank, demolished 1888 and replaced by no.9 Woodbury Hill. [5] [6] José Collins (23 May 1887-6 December 1958) was an English singer and actress. ... Sarah Fuller Flower Penis Adams (February 22, 1805 – August 14, 1848) was an English poet. ...


Loughton is also home to the National Jazz Archive (see below), which hosts occasional jazz performances. Gladys Mills (1918-1978), a well-known music-hall pianist who performed as ‘Mrs Mills’, lived in Loughton from the late 1940s to the mid-1960s. Loughton boasts a few rock and pop music connections; Mark Knopfler of Dire Straits was a lecturer at Loughton (now Epping Forest) College, and the Genesis song ‘The Battle of Epping Forest’ is based on an actual event when rival East End gangs fought a turf war in the forest. The Wake Arms public house (now demolished, and which was about 50 yards north of the Loughton boundary in Waltham Abbey) was a notable rock music venue from 1968-1973, hosting bands such as Black Sabbath, Deep Purple, Genesis, Pretty Things, Status Quo, Uriah Heep and Van der Graaf Generator. Ray Dorset, the lead singer of Mungo Jerry had his first taste of fame when his band 'The Tramps' won the Loughton Beat Contest in 1964 [7]. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Mark Freuder Knopfler OBE (born August 12, 1949, Glasgow, Scotland) is an English guitarist, singer, songwriter, and film score composer. ... Waltham Abbey in Essex, England was founded in 1030 and a building was constructed on the site by Harold II of England thirty years later. ... For other uses, see Black Sabbath (disambiguation). ... This article is about the rock band. ... Genesis are an English rock band formed in 1967. ... The Pretty Things is a 1960s and 1970s rock and roll band from London. ... This article is about the English rock band. ... Uriah Heep are an English rock band, formed in December 1969 when record producer Gerry Bron invited keyboardist Ken Hensley (previously a member of The Gods and Toe Fat) to join Spice, a band signed to his own Bronze Records label. ... This article is about the band. ... Ray Dorset British guitarist and founder of the skiffle band Mungo Jerry. ... Mungo Jerry is the name of a pop group whose greatest success was in the early 1970s, though they have continued throughout the years with an ever-changing line-up, always fronted by Ray Dorset. ...


Roding Players is an amateur orchestra which rehearses at Roding Valley High School and gives three concerts a year in the Epping Forest area; composer Miles Harwood is Musical Director. Loughton Ladies Choir gives regular afternoon concerts in the Epping Forest area. Epping Forest Brass Band, founded in 1935, also has regular concerts in the Epping Forest area, and competes in national competitions and exhibitions. Loughton Cinema had a resident ladies' band during the 1930s. Music at the LMC is a series of concerts given by visiting artists in the winter months.


Opera and Dance

In the 1930s Loughton was home to the Pollards Operas, outdoor operatic performances in the garden of a large house. These were directed by Iris Lemare (1902-1997) and produced by Geoffrey Dunn (b.1903), a prominent impresario, actor and cinematographer, and included several first British performances of operas. Loughton Operatic Society, founded in 1894, is one of the oldest arts organisations in Essex, and still stages regular musicals and operas at Lopping Hall [8]. There are also occasional operatic performances from touring operas at St. John’s Church.


Epping Forest District Council’s Arts Unit, Epping Forest Arts, stages occasional dance-based performance works in Loughton, with community and schools participation. Loughton School of Dancing, which meets at Lopping Hall, encourages the town’s younger talent. Harlow Ballet, which stages full-scale amateur ballet productions at Harlow Playhouse, also recruits in the area.


Visual Arts

The proximity of Epping Forest has made Loughton a magnet for artists for many years. The sculptor and painter Sir Jacob Epstein (1880-1959) lived at ‘Deerhurst’ between1933-1950, and produced some of his best known works there. Artist John Strevens (1902-1990) lived at 8 Lower Park Road. Walter Spradbery (1889-1969), best known for his iconic interwar London Transport posters, lived nearby in Buckhurst Hill. Octavius Deacon was a 19th- century naïve artist from Loughton who painted many amusing scenes of village life. Epping Forest is an area of ancient woodland in south-east England, straddling the border between north-east Greater London and Essex. ... Jacob Epstein photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1934 Sir Jacob Epstein (10 November 1880 - 19 August 1959) was an American-born sculptor who worked chiefly in England, where he pioneered modern sculpture, often producing controversial works that challenged taboos concerning what public artworks appropriately depict. ... , Buckhurst Hill is a suburban town in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ...


There is a thriving Loughton Arts Club, and there are frequent exhibitions by contemporary local artists and photographers at Loughton Library. Loughton Camera Club, a member of the East Anglian Federation of Photographic Societies, meets at Lopping Hall in Loughton, and holds regular exhibitions of members’ work in Loughton Library and elsewhere.


Cinema

Loughton Cinema was opened by actress Evelyn Laye on 9 October 1928; designed by local architect Theodore Legg, it could seat 847. This was later reduced to 700. The cinema was renamed the Century in 1953, and closed on 25 May 1963, and has since been demolished and replaced by shops. George Pearson (1875-1973), a pioneering director and film-writer in the early years of British cinematography, was headmaster of Staples Road Junior School, Loughton 1908-1913. Charles Ashton, film actor from the silent movie era, lived at 20 Carroll Hill, Loughton, from 1917-34. He starred in more than 20 films between 1918-29, including the first film version of The Monkey’s Paw, and Kitty, based on Warwick Deeping’s novel of the same name. Evelyn Laye, OBE (July 10, 1900 - February 17, 1996) was an English theatre actress. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... George Pearson (1875-1973) was a pioneering English film director, producer and screenwriter. ...


Several films have been set in the Loughton area, including the TV-movie Hot Money (2001), based on real events at Loughton’s Bank of England Printing Works. As with the visual arts, Epping Forest has long attracted and inspired writers. Shakespeare’s Midsummer Night’s Dream was written for the marriage of Sir Thomas Heneage Vice-Chamberlain of the Royal Household to the Countess of Southampton, who lived near Loughton at Copped Hall, where it was first performed in the long gallery in 1594. A Midsummer Nights Dream is a romantic comedy by William Shakespeare written sometime in the mid-1590s. ...


Literature

Lady Mary Wroth (1586-1652), niece of poet Sir Philip Sidney, lived at Loughton Hall with her husband Sir Robert Wroth, and they turned the mansion into a centre of Jacobean literary life. Ben Jonson was a frequent visitor, and dedicated 'The Alchemist' to Mary and 'The Forest' to Sir Robert. Lady Mary was an author of considerable repute in her own right, and her book ‘Urania’ is generally regarded as the first full-length English novel by a woman. Lady Mary Wroth (1586–1652) was an English poet of the Renaissance. ... Philip Sidney Sir Philip Sidney (November 30, 1554 - October 17, 1586) became one of the Elizabethan Ages most prominent figures. ... The term Jacobean refers to a period in English history that coincides with the reign of James I (1603 – 1625). ... For other persons of the same name, see Ben Johnson (disambiguation). ...


Anthony Trollope (1815-1882) who lived for some time at nearby Waltham Cross, set part of his novel ‘Phineas Finn’ (1869), which parodies corrupt electoral procedures, in a fictional ‘Loughton’. William Wymark Jacobs (1863-1943) lived at The Outlook, Upper Park Road before moving to Feltham House, Goldings Road. Best known as the author of the spinechilling short story ‘The Monkey's Paw’, and humorous nautical yarns, 'W.W.' also wrote numerous sardonic short stories based in ‘Claybury’, which is a thinly-fictionalised Loughton. Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936) stayed as a child at Goldings Hill Farm. Arthur Morrison (1863-1945), best known for his grim novels about London’s East End, lived in Salcombe House, Loughton High Road. Hesba Stretton (1832-1911) was a children's author who lived in Loughton. Hesba Stretton was the pen name of Sarah Smith; her novels about the street children of Victorian London raised awareness of their plight. Horace Wykeham Can Newte lived at Alderton Hall: he was a prolific novelist, a kind of conservative H G Wells. Another children's writer, Winifred Darch (1884-1960), taught at Loughton County High School for Girls 1906-1935 (now Roding Valley High School), as did the hymnodist and poet, Emily Chisholm (1910-1991), who lived in Loughton at 3 Lower Park Rd. Anthony Trollope (April 24, 1815 – December 6, 1882) became one of the most successful, prolific and respected English novelists of the Victorian era. ... Waltham Cross is the most south-easterly town in Hertfordshire, England. ... Phineas Finn is a novel by Anthony Trollope and the name of its leading character. ... William Wymark Jacobs (September 8, 1863–September 1, 1943), was an English author of short stories and novels. ... The Monkeys Paw is a horror short story by author W. W. Jacobs. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the British author. ... Arthur Morrison was a famous author during 19th century England Arthur George Morrison (1863-1945) was an English author and journalist, known for his realistic novels about Londons East End and for his detective stories. ... Hesba Stretton (1832–1911) was the nom de plume of Sarah Smith, an English author. ... The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... H. G. Wells at the door of his house at Sandgate Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 - August 13, 1946) was an English writer best known for his science fiction novels such as The War of the Worlds and The Time Machine. ...


Ruth Rendell, Baroness Rendell of Babergh (1930- ), who lived at Shelley Grove, Loughton, was educated at Loughton County High School for Girls and subsequently worked as a journalist in Loughton at the West Essex Gazette. Some of her fiction is set in Epping Forest, and Little Cornwall, the hilly area of Loughton close to Epping Forest, takes its name from her description in the novel ‘The Face of Trespass’. Ruth Barbara Rendell, Baroness Rendell of Babergh, CBE, who also writes under the pseudonym Barbara Vine, (born February 17, 1930), is a British best-selling mystery and psychological crime writer, often called the Queen of Crime. ... Little Cornwall is the name given to part of Loughton, Essex. ...


Poets associated with Loughton include Sarah Flower Adams (1805-1848), and Sarah Catherine Martin, author of the nursery rhyme ‘Old Mother Hubbard’ is buried in the churchyard of St. Nicholas Church, Loughton. William Sotheby (1757-1833), poet and classicist, lived at Fairmead, Loughton. Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809-1892) lived at Beech Hill House, High Beach 1837-1840 where he wrote parts of his magnum opus ‘In Memoriam’. John Clare (1793-1864) lived at a private asylum at High Beach 1837-1841. The First World War poet Edward Thomas(1878-1917) also lived at High Beach 1915-1917. The poet George Barker (1913-91) was born at 116 Forest Road, Loughton. Geoffrey Ainger (b.1925),who wrote the Christmas carols, Born in the Night, Mary's Child, Do Shepherds Stand, and several other hymns, was Methodist minister of Loughton 1958-63. Sarah Fuller Flower Adams (February 22, 1805 – August 14, 1848) was an English poet. ... William Sotheby (1757 - 1833) was an English poet and translator. ... Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson (6 August 1809 – 6 October 1892) was Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom and is one of the most popular English poets. ... John Clare (13 July 1793 – 20 May 1864) was an English poet, in his time commonly known as the Northamptonshire Peasant Poet, the son of a farm labourer, born at Helpston near Peterborough. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Do you mean: Edward Thomas, the English poet, killed at Arras in 1917 Corporal Edward Thomas, who fired the first British shots in World War I This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... There are multiple notable people named George Barker: George Barker (painter) (1882–1965) was a portrait and landscape painter from the United States. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the short novel by Charles Dickens, see A Christmas Carol. ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ...


Loughton Festival

The Loughton Festival is an annual celebration of the town's literary and artistic heritage[9]. The first Loughton Festival was held on 31 March-1 April 2007. It highlighted the lives and work of Tennyson, John Clare and Edward Thomas, among others. One event, a talk about the author Arthur Morrison, led to the development of the Arthur Morrison Society.


The second Loughton Festival took place during the week of 3-11 May 2008. The second Festival highlighted the work of the poet, George Granville Barker, who was born in Loughton, Jacob Epstein, the sculptor, who also lived in Loughton, and the life of Lady Mary Wroth, who lived in Loughton Hall, and her contemporaries. There were also talks about Rudyard Kipling, and the first performance of Midsummer Night's Dream, which probably took place at Copped Hall for Sir Thomas Heneage's wedding celebrations in 1594.


Museum and Archives

Loughton Library
Loughton Library

Loughton does not have its own museum, but is home to two important national archives. The British Postal Museum Store houses objects ranging from the desk of Rowland Hill (founder of the Penny Post), to Mobile Post Office vehicles and an astounding assortment of letter boxes. The archive has public open days once a month [10]. The disused signal box at Loughton is owned by the London Transport Museum and occasionally, guided tours are offered. Funding was pledged in 2006 to help establish a Street Museum in Loughton. There is also an Epping Forest District Museum store in the town, but this is not open to the public. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... For Signal Tower (former light house) in Arbroath, Scotland, see Signal Tower Museum. ... Londons Transport Museum, formerly known as the London Transport Museum, is a museum which seeks to conserve and explain the transport heritage of London, the capital city of the United Kingdom. ...


The National Jazz Archive is housed in Loughton Library; it is the national repository and research centre for printed material, photographs and memorabilia relating to jazz, with an emphasis on British jazz. Founded by jazz trumpeter Digby Fairweather in 1988, it contains an unrivalled collection of British jazz recordings, photographs, posters and memorabilia. The Archive is open most weekdays and holds regular celebrity and live jazz events. [11]


A number of Loughton buildings, including the Masonic Hall, Lopping Hall, Mortuary Chapel, and several churches, were opened for Heritage Open Days in September 2007, the first time this had been done. On one of the days, a vinage bus rally was held in the town, attracting a large number of visitors.


Sport and leisure

Loughton is fortunate to be surrounded by open countryside and contains many parks and open spaces. This means that sports play an important part in the town’s life, and there are clubs and facilities catering for almost every kind of sport, ranging from traditional cricket on the village green to fast-paced mountain-biking.


Loughton Leisure Centre in Traps Hill, managed by SLM on behalf of Epping Forest District Council, includes a swimming pool complex and fitness facilities. There are other large commercial facilities in the area.


Athletics

Members of the Loughton Athletic Club, based at the Pavilion in Southview Road and affiliated to the Essex AAA, compete in a variety of regional track and field competitions, including the Men's Southern League and the Women's Southern League. The club was founded in 1906, making it Britain’s oldest athletics club. [12] Loughton Bowls Club has its ground at Eleven Acre Rise. A womens 400 m hurdles race on a typical outdoor red urethane track in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium in Finland. ... For other uses, see Bowl (disambiguation). ...


Cricket

Loughton Cricket Club was founded in 1879, and plays in the Shepherd Neame Essex League. Its Cricket ground, complete with thatched pavilion, and facing the war memorial, is one of the town’s most important open spaces, and originated as a field named Mott’s Piece. The parish lock-up or ‘cage’ was originally located here. One of the earliest presidents of the Loughton Cricket Club was Julius Rohrweger, a local worthy of German extraction who traded as a ‘Turkey merchant’ (i.e. imported goods from the Ottoman Empire), and who owned Uplands, a large house adjacent to the Cricket Ground. As he was politically a Liberal, the local Conservative party created and supported for some time a rival team, the Loughton Park Cricket Club, though this no longer exists[13]. This article is about the sport. ... A free-standing garden pavilion, Hofgarten in Munich, Bavaria In architecture a pavilion (from French, pavillon) has two main significations. ...


South Loughton Cricket Club[14] [15] was founded in 1938, and plays at the Roding Road Cricket Ground. In 2007, its 1st XI became Ten-17 Herts & Essex League champions, having won the title following three consecutive promotions. The club also runs four other teams playing league and friendly cricket, and has a thriving junior section offering coaching and matchplay for children aged six upwards. The club was one of the first in the UK to gain Sport England's prestigious 'Clubmark' accreditation. It is an ECB 'Focus Club'.


Fencing

Loughton Fencing Club meets at Loughton Hall. Fencing advertisement for the 1900 Summer Olympic Games This article is about the sport, which is distinguished from stage fencing and academic fencing (mensur). ...


Football

There are numerous football pitches laid out on the Roding Valley Recreation Ground and Willingale Road Playing Fields, and a variety of local teams play there. Loughton FC, founded in 1965, dropped out of the Hertfordshire Senior County League in 2007 and now plays in the Bishops Stortford, Stansted and Distrct League and has youth teams in the Echo Junior League and the Barking Youth League. [16] Colebrook Royals, founded in 1997, play in the Essex Sunday Corinthian League. [17] Ron Greenwood (1921-2006), manager of the England football team 1977-82, lived in Loughton for some years at 18 Brooklyn Avenue. The Football Academy UK opened in July 2007 on the site of the Britannia Sports Club in Langston Road. Soccer redirects here. ... The Hertfordshire Senior County League or Herts Senior County League is a football competition based in England. ... Ron Greenwood CBE (November 11, 1921 — February 8, 2006) was an English football player and manager, best known for being manager of the English national football team from 1977 until 1982. ...


Golf

Loughton Golf Club owns a 9-hole course in Clays Lane. There are many other golf course close by, including Abridge Golf and Country Club, Chigwell Golf Club, Chingford Golf Club, Royal Epping Forest Golf Club, Theydon Bois Golf Club, West Essex Golf Club, Woodford Golf Club and Woolston Manor Golf Club. This article is about the game. ...


Horse-riding

Horse-riding is very popular in Epping Forest; riders need to be registered with the Epping Forest conservators before they are allowed to ride in the forest. Pine Lodge Riding Centre at Springfield Farm, Loughton, is an ABRS-approved stables.


Mountain-biking

Epping Forest attracts large numbers of mountain bikers. Mountain biking is generally permitted except around Loughton Camp and Ambresbury Banks (both Iron Age forts), Loughton Brook and other ecologically or geomorphologically sensitive areas. Despite clear signposting, a minority of mountain bikers continue to cause damage in these areas[2], and the Conservators of Epping Forest have expressed their concern[3]. A number of clubs organise rides, particularly on Sunday mornings. Epping Forest was considered as a venue for the mountain-biking event of the 2012 Summer Olympics, though a later (but subsequently abandoned) choice was Weald Country Park near Brentwood, Essex. Mountain biker riding in the Arizona desert. ... Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... Weald Country Park is a 500 acre (2 km²) country park in the borough of Brentwood in the English county of Essex. ...


Orienteering and Rambling

Several long-distance footpaths pass through Loughton, including the Forest Way and the London Outer Orbital Path, and shorter walks are also popular, especially in Epping Forest [18]. Chigwell & Epping Forest Orienteering Club was founded in 1966, and active orienteering in Epping Forest takes place most weekends. [19] West Essex Ramblers, founded in 1970, are the local rambling club for Loughton; the club holds four walks a week in the Loughton area, with summer excursions to more distant locations. The most important event in the ramblers calendar in the area is the traditional Epping Forest Centenary Walk, an all-day event commemorating the saving of Epping Forest as a public space, which takes place annually on the fourth Sunday in September. West Essex Ramblers have over 1,000 members. [20] The London LOOPs logo, a flying kestrel, can be seen on the signs marking the route. ... The international orienteering symbol. ... Rambling is the act of speaking or writing in a fragmented, disorganized manner; moving aimlessly from subject to subject. ...


Speedway

High Beach near Loughton is acknowledged by most speedway historians as being the first venue for speedway racing in the UK. The first event was staged on 19th February 1928.


Swimming

Epping Forest District Swimming Club, founded in 1977, meets at Loughton Leisure Centre. [21] Swimmer redirects here. ...


Tennis

The Avenue Lawn Tennis Club has four artificial grass courts at its ground between The Avenue and Lower Park Road. From November 2006 to March 2007, the tennis courts were resurfaced with a new layer of astroturf and sand. A children's half-court has also been added which has a basketball net. The courts surround the club house which (among other things) contains a table tennis table and a pool table. The Town Council maintains tennis courts on the Roding Valley, but those which are part of the Loughton Bowls and Lawn Tennis Club are disused. For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ...


Transport

Bus

Route Number Route
20 Debden to Walthamstow via Woodford Green
167 Debden to Ilford via Barkingside
542/543 Loughton to Debden via Loughton Estates
240/250 Debden to Waltham Cross via Waltham Abbey
397 Debden to South Chingford via Chingford
523 Loughton to North Weald via Waltham Abbey, Epping
541 Loughton to Epping/Harlow via Abridge
549 Loughton to South Woodford via Buckhurst Hill
804 Debden to Loughton/Buckhurst Hill/Chigwell
H1 Loughton to Harlow via Debden, Epping, North Weald

London Buses route 20 is a Transport for London contracted bus route in London, United Kingdom. ... , Debden is a suburb of the town of Loughton, located in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... , Walthamstow is a town in the London Borough of Waltham Forest, North East London, England. ... London Buses route 167 is a Transport for London contracted bus route in London, United Kingdom. ... , Debden is a suburb of the town of Loughton, located in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... For other uses, see Ilford (disambiguation). ... Essex County Council routes 542/543 are contracted bus routes in Essex on the outskirts of London, United Kingdom. ... , Debden is a suburb of the town of Loughton, located in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... , Debden is a suburb of the town of Loughton, located in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... Waltham Cross is the most south-easterly town in Hertfordshire, England. ... London Buses route 397 is a Transport for London contracted bus route in London, United Kingdom. ... , Debden is a suburb of the town of Loughton, located in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... Chingford is a town in London Borough of Waltham Forest. ... Essex bus routes 521/522/523 are bus routes in Essex on the outskirts of London, United Kingdom. ... North Weald is a village near Ongar the Epping Forest district of Essex, United Kingdom. ... Essex bus route 541 is a new bus route in Essex starting on the 29th April 2007. ... For other places with the same name, see Epping (disambiguation). ... Harlow is a new town and local government district in Essex, England. ... , Abridge is a small town in Essex, England. ... London Buses route 549 is a Transport for London contracted bus route in London, United Kingdom. ... South Woodford is a suburb of north-east London in the London Borough of Redbridge, situated 8. ... , Buckhurst Hill is a suburban town in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... Essex bus route 804 is a contracted bus route in Essex on the outskirts of London, United Kingdom. ... , Debden is a suburb of the town of Loughton, located in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... , Buckhurst Hill is a suburban town in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... Chigwell is a civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... Essex County Council route H1 is a supported bus route in Essex on the outskirts of London, United Kingdom. ... Harlow is a new town and local government district in Essex, England. ...

Train

Loughton is served by both Loughton tube station and, further east, Debden tube station, both on the Central Line. Loughton station. ... Debden station is a London Underground station on the Central Line in the Epping Forest district of Essex between Loughton and Theydon Bois. ... London Transport Portal The Central Line is a line of the London Underground and coloured red on the tube map. ...

Operator Route
Central Line Epping to West Ruislip via Central London
Central Line Epping to Ealing Broadway via Central London
Central Line Loughton to West Ruislip via Central London

There are also rail services from nearby Chingford to London Liverpool Street via Walthamstow and Hackney. To get to Chingford use bus route 397 (Debden to South Chingford). At Chigwell for the Central Line towards Hainault and Woodford, although the service is not as frequent as at Loughton. To get to Chigwell use bus route 167 (Debden to Ilford) For other places with the same name, see Epping (disambiguation). ... West Ruislip is a London Underground and National Rail station in Ruislip in north London. ... For other places with the same name, see Epping (disambiguation). ... Ealing Broadway is a National Rail and London Underground station, in Ealing in west London. ... West Ruislip is a London Underground and National Rail station in Ruislip in north London. ... Chingford is a town in London Borough of Waltham Forest. ... Liverpool Street station Liverpool Street station, also called London Liverpool Street, is a mainline railway station in the north eastern corner of the City of London, in the heart of the financial district, with entrances on Bishopsgate and Liverpool Street itself. ... , Walthamstow is a town in the London Borough of Waltham Forest, North East London, England. ... Hackney is the principal area of the London Borough of Hackney in East London. ... Chingford is a town in London Borough of Waltham Forest. ... Chingford is a town in London Borough of Waltham Forest. ... Hainault is a place in the London Borough of Redbridge. ... Woodford is principally noteworthy for being the birthplace of the founder members of the notorious association who called themselves the Whores Drawers in the 1980s. ... Chigwell is a civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... For other uses, see Ilford (disambiguation). ...


Education

In 2006, schools in Loughton had approximately 2330 places in post-16 education, approximately 1200 places in Key Stage 4, approx. 1700 places in Key Stage 3, approximately 1500 places in Key Stage 2 and approximately 600 places in Key Stage 1 - almost all of which were in Comprehensive Schools. Key Stage 4 is the legal term for the last two years of compulsory schooling in maintained schools in England and Wales normally known as Year 10 and Year 11, when pupils are aged between 14 and 16. ... Key Stage 3 sets the educational knowledge expected of a child aged between 11-14 in the United Kingdom National Curriculum Key stage 3 strategy and development of pupils mathematical language It is debatable whether the faculty of mathematics is an independent one. ... Key Stage 2 is the legal term for the four years of schooling in maintained schools in England and Wales normally known as Year 3, Year 4, Year 5 and Year 6, when pupils are aged between 7 and 11. ... Key Stage 1 is the legal term for the two years of schooling in maintained schools in England and Wales normally known as Year 1 and Year 2, when pupils are aged between 5 and 7. ... A comprehensive school is a secondary school that does not select children on the basis of academic attainment or aptitude. ...


Schools

Primary Schools


Alderton Infant and Junior Schools [22], Alderton Hall Lane


Hereward Primary School [23], Colebrook Lane


Staples Road Infant and Junior Schools[24][25], Staples Road


Thomas Willingale School, The Broadway


White Bridge Infant and Junior Schools, Greensted Road



(NB High Beech Church England Primary School, Mott Street, is in the Loughton postal area, but lies within the parish of Waltham Abbey) Waltham Abbey in Essex, England was founded in 1030 and a building was constructed on the site by Harold II of England thirty years later. ...



Maintained Secondary Schools


Davenant Foundation School[[26], Chester Road Davenant Foundation School is a coeducational, Christian Ecumenical School, founded in 1680, currently located in Loughton, Essex, England. ...


Debden Park High School[27], Willingale Road Debden Park High school is a school situated on the edge of Loughton. ...


Roding Valley High School[28], Alderton Hill (a Performing Arts College)



Faith-based Schools


St. John Fisher Catholic Primary School, Chester Road; a Voluntary aided school, whose board is mostly appointed from the Roman Catholic Church which controls the admission policy, while the Local Authority funds the school In a voluntary aided school (many of which are church schools) the governing body, as opposed to the Local Education Authority, employs the staff, and decide admission arrangements but the school is nevertheless funded by the state and does not charge fees. ...


Davenant Foundation School was founded in Whitechapel in 1680, and moved to Loughton in 1965-66. Despite its title, it is a voluntary aided school; the school is an ecumentical Christian school for 11-18 year olds, which operates its own admissions policy based on parental attendance at any mainstream Christian church. In deference to its origins in a part of East London with a large Jewish population, Jewish children are also eligible. Davenant Foundation School is a coeducational, Christian Ecumenical School, founded in 1680, currently located in Loughton, Essex, England. ... Whitechapel is a place in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, United Kingdom. ... In a voluntary aided school (many of which are church schools) the governing body, as opposed to the Local Education Authority, employs the staff, and decide admission arrangements but the school is nevertheless funded by the state and does not charge fees. ... East London area East London is the name commonly given to the north eastern part of London, England on the north side of the River Thames. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ...



Special Schools


Oak View School, Whitehills Road


Woodcroft School [29], Whitakers Way


In 2006, Oak View School and Woodcroft School had 62 students with Special Education Needs.



Independent Schools


Oaklands School [30], Albion Hill


Colleges

East 15 Acting School, [31], Rectory Lane; part of the University of Essex East 15 is a professional acting school in Loughton, Essex. ... The University of Essex rules is a British plate glass university. ...


Epping Forest College [32], Borders Lane Epping Forest College is a sixth form and further education college in Loughton, England. ...


Politics

Loughton was an Urban District Council from 1900-1933, when it became part of Chigwell Urban District until 1974, when Epping Forest was created. Loughton Town Council was established in 1996. The Town Council consists of 22 councillors representing 7 wards, elected for a four-year term. Chigwell Urban District was an urban district in the county of Essex, England. ... Epping Forest is a local government district of the county of Essex, England. ...


At district council level, Loughton is represented by two councillors from each of the 7 wards, elected for a four-year term. At county council level, Loughton is split between three divisions, Buckhurst Hill & Loughton South, Chigwell & Loughton Broadway, and Loughton Central, each returning one councillor elected for a four-year term.


Loughton forms part of the Epping Forest parliamentary constituency. Epping Forest is a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ...


Chairmen of Loughton Urban District Council

Rev J.W. Maitland (1900-01)


J.H. Gould (1901-02)


Charles Foster (1902-04)


Arthur Leech (1904-06)


J.H. Gould (1906-08)


Charles Foster (1908-09)


Joseph Lowrey later Sir Joseph (1909-10)


Henry G. Sharp (1910-12)


John Herd (1912-14)


Duncan Davey (1914-16)


Dr Berthon Pendred (1916-18)


Percy Thompson (1918-20)


Charles Jacobs (1920-22)


Frank Foster later Sir Frank (1922-1925)


Arthur Leech (1925-26)


Henry G. Sharp (1926-27)


Dr Berthon Pendred (1927-28)


Charles Jacobs (1928-29)


Bernard Farmborough Howard (1929-30)


William Nelson Wyles (1931-32)


Bernard Farmborough Howard (1932-33)


Chairmen and Vice-Chairmen of Loughton Town Council

Stephen Murray (Chair 1996-97), Bob Wilmot (Vice-Chair 1996-97)


Dr Chris Pond (Chair 1997-98), Monty Juniper (Vice-Chair 1997-98)


Monty Juniper (Chair 1998-99), Judith Woodman (Vice-Chair 1998-99)


Judith Woodman (Chair 1999-2000), Frank Marshall (Vice-Chair 1999-2000)


Stephen Murray (Chair 2000-01), Suzanne Harper (Vice-Chair 2000-01)


Suzanne Harper (Chair 2001-02), Joan Davis (Vice-Chair 2001-02)


Joan Davis (Chair 2002-03), Roger Pearce (Vice-Chair 2002-03)


Roger Pearce (Chair 2003-04), Tom Owen (Vice-Chair 2003-04)


Town Mayors and Deputy Town Mayors of Loughton Town Council

Dr Chris Pond (Mayor 2004-05), Mike Wardle (Deputy Mayor 2004-05)


Mike Wardle (Mayor 2005-06), Janet Woods (Deputy Mayor 2005-06)


Janet Woods (Mayor 2006-07), Suzanne Harper (Deputy Mayor 2006-07)


Suzanne Harper (2007-08), Peter Sheen (Deputy Mayor 2007-08)


Dr Chris Pond (Mayor 2008-09), Ken Angold-Stephens (Deputy Mayor 2008-09)


Political Composition of Loughton Town Council

1996 - Labour 12 seats, Loughton Residents Association 10 seats


2000 - Labour 11 seats, Loughton Residents Association 11 seats


2004 - Conservative 2 seats, Labour 4 seats, Loughton Residents Association 16 seats


2008 - British National Party 5 seats, Conservative 1 seat, Independent 1 seat, Labour 1 seat, Loughton Residents Association 14 seats


References

  1. ^ http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/whereilive/loughton/display.var.2145566.0.0.php?act=complaint&cid=1336462
  2. ^ Epping Forest: Loughton Camp:: OS grid TQ4197 :: Geograph British Isles - photograph every grid square!
  3. ^ Comments from the Corp. at eppingtrails.co.uk
  • Population figures
  • Pewsey, S (1995), Chigwell and Loughton: A Pictorial History
  • Pewsey, S (1996), Chigwell & Loughton in Old Picture Postcards
  • Pond, Chris (2003), The Buildings of Loughton and notable people of the town
  • Pond, Chris and Caroline (2002), [Six] Walks in Loughton's Forest
  • Pond, Chris, and Ted Martin and Ian Strugnell (2006). Loughton 150 - 150 years of the railway to Loughton.

External links

  • Loughton Town Council
  • Loughton and District Historical Society
  • Loughton Residents Association
  • Loughton Vineyard Church
  • The Loughton Festival Website
The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to administrative counties of England. ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... Chelmsford Borough Council Coat Of Arms , Chelmsford is the county town of Essex, England. ... Southend-on-Sea is a resort town in Essex, England. ... Thurrock is a unitary authority with borough status in the East of England. ... Image File history File links Arms_of_Essex. ... The Basildon district is a local govenment district in Essex, England. ... Braintree is a local government district in the English county of Essex. ... Brentwood is a local government district and borough in Essex in the East of England. ... See also: Castle Point (Hoboken) Castle Point is a local government district and borough in Essex, England. ... Chelmsford is a local government district and borough in Essex, England. ... Colchester is a local government district and borough in Essex, England, named for its main town, Colchester. ... Epping Forest is a local government district of the county of Essex, England. ... Harlow is a new town and local government district in Essex, England. ... Maldon is a local government district in Essex, England. ... Rochford is a local government district in Essex, England. ... Tendring is a local government district in Essex, England. ... Uttlesford is a local government district in Essex, England. ... , Abridge is a small town in Essex, England. ... Basildon (IPA, ) is a New Town located in south Essex, England at . It was designated as a New Town after World War II in 1948 to accommodate the London population overspill. ... Statistics Population: 40,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TQ675945 Administration District: Basildon Shire county: Essex Region: East of England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Essex Historic county: Essex Services Police force: Essex Police Ambulance service: East of England Post office and telephone Post town... , Braintree is a town of about 42,393 people and the principal settlement of the Braintree district of Essex in the East of England. ... Brentwood is a town and the principal settlement of the Borough of Brentwood, part of Essex in England. ... Brightlingsea is a coastal town in the Tendring district of Essex, roughly between Colchester and Clacton-on-Sea, situated at the mouth of the River Colne, on Brightlingsea Creek. ... , Buckhurst Hill is a suburban town in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... Burnham-on-Crouch is a town in Essex, England, lying on the River Crouch. ... , Canvey Island (area 18. ... Chelmsford Borough Council Coat Of Arms , Chelmsford is the county town of Essex, England. ... Chigwell is a civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... Chipping Ongar is a town in the Epping Forest district of Essex, England. ... Town - Clacton-on-Sea Location - Essex, England Founded - 1871 Population (1991) - 45,065 Clacton-on-Sea is the largest town on the Tendring Peninsula, in Essex, England. ... , Coggeshall is a small market town of 3,919 residents (in 2001) in Essex, England. ... For other places with the same name, see Colchester (disambiguation). ... Corringham is a small English town within the county of Essex. ... Location within the British Isles Dovercourt is a small sea-side town located in Essex, England. ... Map sources for Eastwood, Essex at grid reference TQ832892 Eastwood is a town some four miles west of Southend on Sea in Essex, England. ... For other places with the same name, see Epping (disambiguation). ... , Frinton-on-Sea is a small seaside town in Essex, England, in the Tendring district. ... For other uses, see Grays (disambiguation). ... Great Dunmow is a town in the Uttlesford district of Essex, England. ... This article is about Hadleigh in Essex. ... Halstead is a rural town located in Essex, England, near Colchester and Sudbury. ... Harlow is a new town and local government district in Essex, England. ... Arms of Harwich Town Council Harwich (IPA, /hɑːˈɹɪtʃ/) is a town in Essex, England, located on the coast with the North Sea to the east. ... , Heybridge is a small town adjacent to Maldon, near the River Blackwater in Essex, England. ... Laindon is a town located in the west of the Basildon district of Essex, England. ... Langdon Hills is a town located in the Basildon district of Essex, England. ... Not to be confused with Malden. ... Manningtree is a town in Essex, England, which has merged with the port of Mistley, on the River Stour. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Map sources for Rayleigh, Essex at grid reference TQ806907 Arms of the former Rayleigh Urban District Council Rayleigh is a market town in Essex, England located between Chelmsford and Southend-on-Sea. ... See also: Rochford, Worcestershire Rochford is a small town in the Rochford district of Essex in the East of England. ... Saffron Walden is a small market town in the Uttlesford district of Essex, England. ... , Shoeburyness is a town in southeast Essex, England, situated at the mouth of the river Thames. ... , South Benfleet is a town in the Castle Point district of Essex in the East of England, United Kingdom. ... Southend-on-Sea is a resort town in Essex, England. ... Statistics Population: 3,776 (2001 Census) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TQ961995 Administration District: Maldon Shire county: Essex Region: East of England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Essex Historic county: Essex Services Police force: {{{Police}}} Ambulance service: East of England Post office and telephone Post... Stanford-le-Hope is a town situated in the county of Essex, England. ... Thaxted is a small town in the Uttlesford district of Essex, England, with a population of around 2,600 people. ... Tilbury is located on the north bank of the River Thames, in the borough of Thurrock in England, at the point where the river suddenly narrows to about 800 yards/740 metres in width. ... Waltham Abbey is a market town of about 20,400 people in the south west of the county of Essex, in the East of England region. ... Statistics Population: 12,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TM251216 Administration District: Tendring Shire county: Essex Region: East of England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Essex Historic county: Essex Services Police force: {{{Police}}} Ambulance service: East of England Post office and telephone Post town: Postal... , West Mersea is a small town in the Colchester borough of Essex in the East of England. ... West Thurrock is a place in the borough of Thurrock in England. ... For other uses, see Wickford (disambiguation). ... , Witham (pronounced Wittam; IPA, /ˈwɪtæm/) is a town in the county of Essex, in the south east of England. ... Wivenhoe is a small town in the Colchester borough of Essex in the East of England. ... The River Blackwater is a river in England. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... River Chelmer near Little Baddow The River Chelmer is a river that flows entirely through the county of Essex, England. ... The river Ching originates in Epping Forest, and runs to the River Lee, but not before being severely polluted. ... Cobbins Brook is a minor tributary of the River Lee. ... The River Colne is a small river that runs through Colchester. ... The River Crouch is a river that flows entirely through the English county of Essex. ... The River Lee Flood Relief Channel (FRC) is located in the Lee Valley and flows between Ware, Hertfordshire and Stratford, East London. ... Prittle Brook is a brook in England, which rises from a spring upon Thundersley Common and flows eastwards through Leigh-on-Sea and Prittlewell, eventually entering the [[River Roach ]] after flowing underground through Southend-on-Sea. ... The River Roach is a river that flows entirely through the English county of Essex. ... The River Roding is a river that rises near Dunmow, flows through Essex and forms Barking Creek as it reaches the River Thames in London Categories: UK geography stubs | London Rivers | Rivers in Essex ... River Stort is a tributary of the River Lee which it joins at Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire. ... The River Stour is a river in East Anglia, England. ... The Stour Brook is a river that starts just west of the town of Haverhill, Suffolk. ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... Essex is a county in the East of England which originated as the ancient Kingdom of Essex and one of the seven kingdoms, or heptarchy, that went on to form the Kingdom of England. ... The ceremonial county of Essex, (which includes the unitary authorities of Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock) is divided into 17 Parliamentary constituencies - 5 Borough constituencies and 12 County constituencies. ... This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the county of Essex, England. ...

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Loughton Direct (308 words)
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Loughton: Introduction | British History Online (4422 words)
 The town of Loughton lies to the east of Epping Forest and west of the Roding, adjoining Chigwell; it is 12 miles from London.
1) The ancient parish of Loughton became an urban district in 1900 and in 1933 was united with the Urban District of Buckhurst Hill and Chigwell civil parish to form the Chigwell Urban District.
Loughton was mainly an upper-middle class residential area, and its inhabitants (of whom W. Waller was probably typical) were jealous of its amenities.
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