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Encyclopedia > Lou Reed
Lou Reed

Background information
Born March 2, 1942 (1942-03-02) (age 66)
Origin Brooklyn, New York
Genre(s) Rock, protopunk, glam rock, art rock, noise rock, experimental rock
Occupation(s) Singer-songwriter, guitarist, record producer, Photographer
Instrument(s) Vocals, guitar, keyboard, piano, harmonica
Years active 1958–present
Label(s) MGM, RCA
Associated acts The Velvet Underground, John Cale, Nico
Website www.loureed.org

Lou Reed (born March 2, 1942) is an influential American rock singer-songwriter and guitarist. He first came to prominence as the guitarist and principal singer-songwriter of The Velvet Underground (1965-1973). The band gained little mainstream attention during their career, but in hindsight became one of the most influential of their era.[1] As the Velvets’ principal songwriter, Reed wrote about subjects of personal experience that rarely had been examined in rock and roll, including bondage and S&M ("Venus in Furs"), transvestites ("Sister Ray" and "Candy Says"), drug culture ("Heroin" and "I'm Waiting for the Man"), and transsexuals undergoing surgery ("Lady Godiva's Operation"). As a guitarist, he was a pioneer in the use of distortion, high volume feedback, and nonstandard tunings. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2250 × 3000 pixel, file size: 317 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other meanings, see Brooklyn (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the genre. ... Protopunk is a term used to describe a number of performers who were important precursors of punk rock, or who have been cited by early punk rockers as influential. ... Glam rock (also known as glitter rock), is a rock music style that developed in the UK in the post-hippie early 1970s which was performed by singers and musicians wearing outrageous clothes, makeup, hairstyles, and platform-soled boots. ... Art rock is a term used to describe a subgenre of rock music with experimental or avant-garde influences that emphasizes novel sonic texture. ... Lightning Bolt Live at the Southgate House 2005. ... Experimental rock or Avant rock is a type of art music based on rock and roll which experiments with the basic elements of the genre, and/or which pushes the boundaries of common composition and performance technique. ... The term singer-songwriter refers to performers who both write and sing their own material. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... A photographer at the Calgary Folk Music Festival Paparazzi at the Tribeca Film Festival A photographer is a person who takes a photograph using a camera. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... Piano, a well-known instance of keyboard instruments A keyboard instrument is any musical instrument played using a musical keyboard. ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... A harmonica is a free reed wind instrument. ... In the music industry, a record label can be a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... MGM Records was a record label started by the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film studio in 1946, for the purpose of releasing soundtrack albums of their musical films. ... This article is about the former RCA Corporation. ... This article is about the rock band. ... Not to be confused with J. J. Cale. ... For other uses, see Nico (disambiguation). ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... This article is about the genre. ... The term singer-songwriter refers to performers who both write and sing their own material. ... For the UK magazine, see Guitarist (magazine). ... This article is about the rock band. ... Collars are a commonly used symbol of BDSM and can be ornamental or functional. ... A folded cream-coloured full slip Some men find the sheer fabric of stockings highly enticing Transvestic fetishism is a sexual fetish for the clothing of the opposite gender. ... A transsexual (sometimes transexual) person establishes a permanent identity with the opposite gender to their assigned (usually at birth) sex. ... For other uses, see Distortion (disambiguation). ... Audio feedback (also known as the Larsen effect after the Danish scientist, Søren Larsen, who first discovered its principles) is a special kind of feedback which occurs when a sound loop exists between an audio input (for example, a microphone or guitar pickup) and an audio output (for example... Wikibooks Guitar has a page on the topic of Tuning the Guitar Guitar tuning is any of several techniques of pitch adjustment on the individual strings of a guitar in order to achieve a prescribed arrangement of notes from the open (unfretted) strings. ...


Reed began a long and eclectic solo career in 1971. He had a hit the following year with "Walk on the Wild Side", though for more than a decade Reed seemed to willfully evade the mainstream commercial success its chart status offered him.[2] One of rock's most volatile personalities, Reed's work as a solo artist has frustrated critics wishing for a return of The Velvet Underground. The most notable example is 1975's infamous double LP of recorded feedback loops, Metal Machine Music, upon which Reed later commented, "no one is supposed to be able to do a thing like that and survive." By the late 1980s, however, Reed had won wide recognition as an elder statesman of rock. In music, a solo is a piece or a section of a piece played or sung by a single performer (solo is an Italian word literally meaning alone). ... For other uses see the Walk on the Wild Side disambiguation page. ... A 12-inch record (left), a 7-inch record (right), and a CD (above) Two 7 singles (left), two colored 7 singles (middle), and two 7 singles with large spindle holes (right). ... Metal Machine Music (sometimes abbreviated MMM) is an album by Lou Reed. ...


On April 12, 2008 Lou Reed married Laurie Anderson.[2] is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... For the author, see Laurie Halse Anderson. ...

Contents

Early life

Reed was born into a Jewish family in 1942 at Beth El Hospital in Brooklyn and grew up in Freeport, New York. Contrary to some sources, his birth name was not Louis Firbanks[3] (that name was a joke started by Lester Bangs for Creem magazine). He developed an early interest in rock and roll and rhythm and blues, and during high school played in a number of bands. His first recording was as a member of a doo wop-style group called The Shades. The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... For other meanings, see Brooklyn (disambiguation). ... Freeport is a village in the Town of Hempstead, Nassau County, New York, USA, on the South Shore of Long Island. ... R&B redirects here. ... For the Lauryn Hill single, see Doo Wop (That Thing). ...


Reed received electroconvulsive therapy in his teen years in response to his homosexual behavior; in his dark 1974 song, "Kill Your Sons", he revisited the experience. In an interview, Reed said of the experience: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), also known as electroshock, is a controversial psychiatric treatment in which seizures are induced with electricity for therapeutic effect. ...

They put the thing down your throat so you don't swallow your tongue, and they put electrodes on your head. That's what was recommended in Rockland County to discourage homosexual feelings. The effect is that you lose your memory and become a vegetable. You can't read a book because you get to page seventeen and have to go right back to page one again.[4]

Reed began attending Syracuse University[5], where he hosted a late-night radio program on WAER called "Excursions On A Wobbly Rail" (titled after a song by pianist Cecil Taylor[6]), which typically featured doo wop, rhythm and blues and jazz, particularly the free jazz developed in the mid-1950s. Many of Reed's innovative guitar techniques were inspired by jazz saxophonists, notably Ornette Coleman. While Reed dropped out before graduating, he was later granted an honorary degree in English. Rockland County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... For other uses, see Memory (disambiguation). ... Crouse College, a 19th-century Romanesque building which houses the universitys visual arts and music programs Syracuse University (SU) is a private research university located in Syracuse, New York, United States the geographic center of the state, about 250 miles northwest of New York City. ... WAER is a radio station in Syracuse, New York. ... Cecil Percival Taylor (born March 15 or March 25, 1929 in New York City) is an American pianist and poet. ... For the Lauryn Hill single, see Doo Wop (That Thing). ... R&B redirects here. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Ornette Coleman (born March 9, 1930) is an American saxophonist, violinist, trumpeter and composer. ... English studies is an academic discipline that includes the study of literatures written in the English language (including literatures from the U.K., U.S., Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong, the Philippines, India, South Africa, and the Middle East, among other areas), English linguistics (including English phonetics, phonology...


Noted poet Delmore Schwartz, then in the last years of his life, taught at Syracuse and befriended Reed, who in 1967 dedicated to Schwartz the song "European Son," included in the debut "Velvet Underground and Nico" album. [7] Later, in 1982, Reed recorded "My House", as a tribute to his late mentor: "My Dedalus to your Bloom was such a perfect wit." Schwartz's influence on the aspiring writer seems to have been through encouragement, but Reed also credits him for insisting on use of colloquial language in his writing. He said later his goals as a writer were "to bring the sensitivities of the novel to rock music" or to write the Great American Novel in a record album[8]. Delmore Schwartz Delmore Schwartz (December 8, 1913 - July 11, 1966) was an American poet from Brooklyn, New York, called the greatest of American writers, whose work has a place in the hearts and minds of the everyman, adrift in the anguish of modernity (J. Kredell: A Smudge on the American... Stephen Dedalus was James Joyces early pen name and the name of the main character of his early novel Stephen Hero. ... Leopold Bloom is a fictional character in James Joyces novel Ulysses. ... Look up Wit in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Novel (disambiguation). ... The Great American Novel is the concept of a novel that perfectly represents the spirit of life in the United States of America at the time of its publication. ... An album (from Latin albus white, blank, relating to a blank book in which something can be inserted) is a packaged collection of related things. ...


Career

Staff songwriter at Pickwick Records

In 1963 Reed moved to New York City, and began working as an in-house songwriter for Pickwick Records. In 1964 he scored a minor hit with the single "The Ostrich", a parodic novelty song of popular "dance songs" such as "The Twist". His employers had felt the song had hit record potential, and arranged for a band to be assembled around Reed to promote the recording. The ad hoc group, called The Primitives, included Welsh musician John Cale, who had recently moved to New York to study music and was playing with the composer La Monte Young's Theater of Eternal Music along with Tony Conrad. Cale and Conrad were both surprised to find that for "The Ostrich" Reed tuned each string of his guitar to the same note. This technique created a drone effect similar to that which Cale and Conrad were experimenting with in their avant garde ensemble. Disappointed with Reed's performance, Cale was nevertheless impressed by Reed's early repertoire (including "Heroin"), and a partnership began to evolve. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... A onetime record company, most notable for its releases of sound-alike recordings, bargain bin reissues and repackages, and childrens records. ... In contemporary usage, a parody (or lampoon) is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ... A novelty song is a usually intentionally humorous song, usually in published or recorded form. ... The Twist is a 1960 and 1962 hit song performed by American singer Chubby Checker. ... A sound recording, usually in the form of a single or album, that sells a large number of copies or otherwise becomes broadly popular or well-known, through airplay, club play, or inclusion in a soundtrack. ... Not to be confused with J. J. Cale. ... La Monte Young (born October 14, 1935) is an American composer whose eccentric and often hard-to-find works have been included among the most important post World War II avant-garde or experimental music. ... It was a mid-sixties experimental musical group featuring La Monte Young and John Cale. ... Tony Conrad (born Anthony S. Conrad in 1940) is an American avant-garde video artist, experimental filmmaker, musician/composer, sound artist, teacher and writer. ... In music, a drone is a harmonic or monophonic effect or accompaniment where a note or chord is continuously sounded throughout much or all of a piece, sustained or repeated, and most often establishing a tonality upon which the rest of the piece is built. ... For other uses, see Avant-garde (disambiguation). ...


The Velvet Underground

Reed and Cale lived together on the Lower East Side, and, adding Reed's college acquaintances guitarist Sterling Morrison and drummer Maureen Tucker to the group, they formed The Velvet Underground. Though internally unstable (Cale left in 1968; Reed in 1970) and never commercially viable, the band has a long-standing reputation as one of the most influential underground bands in rock history.[9] This article is about the rock band. ... Categories: Manhattan neighborhoods | Stub ... Holmes Sterling Morrison, Jr (East Meadow, New York, August 28, 1942 – August 30, 1995 in Poughkeepsie, NY) was one of the founding members of influential rock group The Velvet Underground, playing lead, rhythm and bass guitar and singing backing vocals. ... Maureen Ann Moe Tucker (born August 26, 1944, in Levittown, New York, United States) is a musician best known for having been the drummer for the rock group The Velvet Underground. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The group caught the attention of Andy Warhol, who raised their profile immeasurably, if not improving their immediate fortunes. Warhol's associates inspired many of Reed's songs as he fell into a thriving, multifaceted artistic scene. Reed rarely gives an interview without paying homage to Warhol as a mentor figure. Still, conflict emerged when Warhol had the idea for the group to take on as "chanteuse" the European former model Nico. Reed and the others registered their objection by titling their debut album The Velvet Underground and Nico. Despite his initial resistance, Reed wrote several songs for Nico to sing, and the two were briefly lovers (a distinction later shared with Nico by Cale). At the time, this album reached #131 on the charts. Andrew Warhola (August 6, 1928 — February 22, 1987), better known as Andy Warhol, was an American artist who was a central figure in the movement known as Pop art. ... It has been suggested that Maître à penser be merged into this article or section. ... A model is a person who poses or displays for purposes of art, fashion, or other products and advertising. ... For other uses, see Nico (disambiguation). ... Alternate covers The early LP edition with the banana sticker peeled off. ...


Today, however, it is considered one of the most influential rock albums ever produced, influencing gothic rock, post punk, shoegazing and more. Rolling Stone has it listed as the 13th best rock album of all time. Brian Eno once famously stated that although few people ever bought the album, most of those who did were inspired to form their own band.[10] Gothic rock (sometimes called goth rock or simply goth) is a genre of alternative rock that originated during the late 1970s. ... Post-punk was a popular musical movement beginning at the end of the 1970s, following on the heels of the initial punk rock explosion of the mid 1970s. ... Shoegazing (also known as shoegaze or shoegazer; practitioners referred to as shoegazers) is a genre of alternative rock that emerged from the United Kingdom in the late 1980s. ... This article is about the magazine. ... Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ...


By the time the band recorded White Light/White Heat, Nico was dropped and Warhol fired, both against the wishes of Cale. Warhol's replacement as manager, Steve Sesnick, convinced Reed to drive Cale out of the band. Morrison and Tucker were discomfited by Reed's tactics but continued with the group. Cale's replacement was Doug Yule, whom Reed would often facetiously introduce as his younger brother. The group now took on a more pop-oriented sound and acted more as a vehicle for Reed to develop his songwriting craft. The group released two more albums with this line up: 1969's The Velvet Underground and 1970's Loaded. The latter included two of the group's most commercially successful songs, "Rock and Roll" and "Sweet Jane". Reed left the Velvet Underground in August 1970; the band disintegrated as core members Sterling Morrison and Maureen Tucker departed in August 1971 and early 1972, respectively. Doug Yule continued until early 1973 and released one more studio album, Squeeze, under the Velvet Underground name. White Light/White Heat is The Velvet Undergrounds second album. ... Steven Sesnick was the manager for The Velvet Underground after they fired Andy Warhol. ... Douglas Alan Yule (born February 25, 1947) is an American musician and singer, most notable for being a member of The Velvet Underground from 1968 to 1973. ... This article is about the genre of popular music. ... The Velvet Underground is the eponymous third album by The Velvet Underground, their first with Doug Yule, John Cales replacement. ... Loaded is The Velvet Undergrounds fourth album. ... Holmes Sterling Morrison, Jr (East Meadow, New York, August 28, 1942 – August 30, 1995 in Poughkeepsie, NY) was one of the founding members of influential rock group The Velvet Underground, playing lead, rhythm and bass guitar and singing backing vocals. ... Maureen Ann Moe Tucker (born August 26, 1944, in Levittown, New York, United States) is a musician best known for having been the drummer for the rock group The Velvet Underground. ...


After the band's move to Atlantic's Cotillion label, their new manager pushed Reed to change the subject matter of his songs to lighter topics in hopes of resulting in more accessible and mainstream music. The band's album Loaded had taken more time to record than the previous three albums together and was written and produced to be "loaded with hits", but had not broken the band through to a wider audience. Reed briefly retired to his parents' home on Long Island. Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... Cotillion Records was a subsidiary of Atlantic Records. ...


Solo career

1970s

After quitting the Velvet Underground in August 1970, Reed took a job at his father's tax accounting firm as a typist, by his own account earning $40 a week. A year later, however, he signed a recording contract with RCA and recorded his first solo album in England, with musicians on loan from Yes, including Rick Wakeman and Steve Howe. The album, simply titled Lou Reed, contained smoothly produced, re-recorded versions of unreleased Velvet Underground songs, some of which were originally recorded by the Velvets for Loaded but shelved (see the Peel Slowly and See box set). This first solo album was overlooked by most pop-music critics (although Stephen Holden in Rolling Stone called it "almost perfect") and it did not sell in significant numbers. August is the eighth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A data entry clerk is a member of staff who reads hand-written or printed records and types them into a computer. ... This article is about the former RCA Corporation. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... There are different prominent people named Steve Howe: Steve Howe, the progressive rock guitarist. ... Track Listing 1. ... Peel Slowly and See is a five-disc box set of material by The Velvet Underground. ... Stephen Holden is an American writer, music critic, and film critic. ... This article is about the magazine. ...


In 1972 Reed released Transformer, which made him a part of the glam rock movement. David Bowie and Mick Ronson co-produced the album and introduced Reed to a wider popular audience (specifically in the UK). The hit single "Walk on the Wild Side" was both a salute and swipe at the misfits, hustlers, and transvestites in Andy Warhol's Factory. The song's cleverly transgressive lyrics evaded radio censorship. Though musically somewhat atypical for Reed, it eventually became his signature song. The song came about as a result of his commission to compose a soundtrack to a theatrical adaptation of Nelson Algren's novel of the same name, though the play failed to materialize. Ronson's arrangements brought out new aspects of Reed's songs; "Perfect Day", for example, features delicate strings and soaring dynamics. It was rediscovered in the 1990s and allowed Reed to drop "Walk on the Wild Side" from his concerts. Transformer is Lou Reeds breakthrough second solo album, released in December 1972. ... Glam rock (also known as glitter rock), is a rock music style that developed in the UK in the post-hippie early 1970s which was performed by singers and musicians wearing outrageous clothes, makeup, hairstyles, and platform-soled boots. ... David Bowie (pronounced ) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an iconic English musician, actor, producer, arranger, and audio engineer. ... Mick Ronson (May 26, 1946 – April 29, 1993) born in Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire was an English guitarist, composer, multi-instrumentalist, arranger and producer. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short recording of one or more separate tracks. ... Walk on the Wild Side is a Lou Reed song from his 1972 sophomore solo album Transformer. ... A male dressed as a female. ... The Factory was Andy Warhols original New York City studio from 1963 to 1968, although his later studios were known as The Factory as well. ... In film formats, the soundtrack is the physical area of the film which records the synchronized sound. ... Nelson Algren (March 28, 1909 - May 9, 1981) was a famous American writer. ... For other uses, see Perfect Day (disambiguation). ...


Though Transformer would prove to be Reed's commercial and critical pinnacle, there was no small amount of resentment in Reed devoted to the shadow the record cast over the rest of his career. A public argument between Bowie and Reed ended their working relationship for several years, though the subject of the argument is not known. The two reconciled some years later, and Reed performed with Bowie at the latter's 50th birthday concert at Madison Square Garden in 1997. The two would not formally collaborate again until 2003's The Raven. Reed followed Transformer with the darker Berlin, which tells the story of two junkies in love in the city of the same name. The songs variously concern domestic abuse ("Caroline Says I", "Caroline Says II"), drug addiction ("How Do You Think It Feels"), adultery and prostitution ("The Kids"), and suicide ("The Bed"). Madison Square Garden, often abbreviated as MSG, and known colloquially simply as The Garden, has been the name of four arenas in New York City. ... For the album by The Stranglers, see The Raven (The Stranglers album). ... Berlin is a 1973 album by Lou Reed, his third solo album and the follow-up to the widely accessible and upbeat glam rock classic Transformer. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Abuse is a general term for the misuse of a person or thing, causing harm to the person or thing, to the abuser, or to someone else. ... Drug addiction, or dependency is the compulsive use of drugs, to the point where the user has no effective choice but to continue use. ... This article is about the act of adultery. ... Whore redirects here. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ...


In this period, Reed cultivated a shocking persona and image. He preferred black leather clothes and spiked collars, and he cropped his hair, cutting fascist symbols in it and dyeing it blonde. For many years Reed maintained a deliberately "camp" manner and image, stylistically predicting the heroin twink aesthetic that was to define queer fashion in later years. It was this version of Reed that greeted the public on the cover of Rock n Roll Animal, a successful live album that consolidated the commercial gains he had made with "Walk on the Wild Side". For other uses, see Leather (disambiguation). ... Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Camp is an aesthetic in which something has appeal because of its bad taste or ironic value. ... Rock n Roll Animal is a live album by Lou Reed, released in 1974. ...


Also at this time, Reed publicized his hostile interpersonal style—already known to his former bandmates—with his intense interviews with rock journalists, in particular Lester Bangs. Reed rapidly became known as one of the most difficult rock personalities, a reputation he has maintained even when not using drugs. His "sick" persona was not entirely put on: heavy drug use plagued the recording of the album Sally Can't Dance, an R&B-styled collection that hit the U.S. Top Ten, the highest chart performance of Reed's career. Nevertheless, Reed's 1970s work held him up as an authentic member of the new "freak scene" in mainstream rock, alongside other protopunk figures as Bowie, Iggy Pop, and Alice Cooper. Lester Bangs during an interview Leslie Conway Bangs (December 14, 1948 – April 30, 1982) was an American music journalist, author and musician. ... A Top 10 album by Lou Reed, released in 1974, and Reeds highest-charting album ever. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... Protopunk is a term used to describe a number of performers who were important precursors of punk rock, or who have been cited by early punk rockers as influential. ... James Newell Osterberg, Jr. ... Alice Cooper (born Vincent Furnier February 4, 1948) is an American rock singer, songwriter and musician whose career spans five decades. ...


As he had done with Berlin after Transformer, in 1975 Reed responded to his glam rock success with a commercial failure, a double album of electronically generated audio feedback, Metal Machine Music. Critics interpreted it as a gesture of contempt, an attempt to break his contract with RCA or to alienate his less sophisticated fans. But Reed claimed that the album was a genuine artistic effort, even suggesting that quotations of classical music could be found buried in the feedback. Bangs declared it "genius", though also as psychologically disturbing. The album was reportedly returned to stores by the thousands after a few weeks. {Lou Reed interview with Anthony DeCurtis at the 92nd Street Y New York on Sept 18, 2006} Though later admitting that the liner notes' list of instruments is fictitious and intended as parody, Reed maintains that MMM was and is a serious album. In the 2000s it was adapted for orchestral performance by the German ensemble Zeitkratzer. Audio feedback (also known as the Larsen effect after the Danish scientist, Søren Larsen, who first discovered its principles) is a special kind of feedback which occurs when a sound loop exists between an audio input (for example, a microphone or guitar pickup) and an audio output (for example... Metal Machine Music (sometimes abbreviated MMM) is an album by Lou Reed. ... This article is about Western art music from 1000 AD to the present. ... The 92nd Street Y is a multifaceted cultural institution and community center located on the Upper East Side of Manhattan in New York City. ... In contemporary usage, a parody (or lampoon) is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ...


By contrast, 1976's Coney Island Baby was mainly a warm and mellow album, though for its characters Reed still drew on the underworld of city life. At this time his lover was a transvestite, Rachel, mentioned in the dedication of "Coney Island Baby" and appearing in the photos on the cover of Reed's 1977 "best of" album, Walk on the Wild Side: The Best of Lou Reed. While Rock and Roll Heart, his 1976 debut for his new record label Arista, fell short of expectations, Street Hassle (1978) was a return to form in the midst of the punk revolution he had helped to inspire. The Bells (1979) featured jazz great Don Cherry, followed by Growing Up in Public with guitarist Chuck Hammer the following year. Around this period he also appeared as a sleazy record producer in Paul Simon's film One Trick Pony. Reed also played several unannounced one-off concerts in tiny downtown Manhattan clubs with the likes of Cale, Patti Smith, and David Byrne during the period, but full reconciliation between Cale and Reed was implausible. Cale later wrote the song "Woman" about Reed on his album BlackAcetate. For the 2003 film, see Coney Island Baby (film). ... A male dressed as a female. ... Seventh album by rock and roll legend Lou Reed, released in 1976. ... Arista redirects here. ... Street Hassle is a 1978 album by Lou Reed. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Ninth album by New York City-based rock and roll icon Lou Reed, released in 1979. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Don Cherry (November 18, 1936–October 19, 1995) was an innovative jazz trumpeter probably best known for his long association with saxophonist Ornette Coleman. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Chuck Hammer, a guitarist, guitar synthesist, and digital film composer recorded work with Lou Reed and David Bowie. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, half of the folk-singing duo Simon and Garfunkel who continues a successful solo career. ... One Trick Pony is a 1980 movie starring Paul Simon. ... Patricia Lee (Patti) Smith (born December 30, 1946) is an American musician, singer, and poet. ... David Byrne (born May 14, 1952 in Dumbarton, Scotland) is a Grammy Award, Academy Award and Golden Globe winning musician best known as a founding member and the principal songwriter of the New Wave band Talking Heads. ... Track listing Outta The Bag For A Ride Brother Man Satisfied In A Flood Hush Gravel Drive Perfect Sold Motel Woman Wasteland Turn The Lights On Mailman (The Lying Song) Categories: | | ...


1980s

In 1980 Reed married Sylvia Morales. They were divorced more than a decade later. While together, Morales inspired some of Reed's strongest love songs, particularly "Think it Over" from 1980's Growing Up in Public and "Women" from 1982's The Blue Mask. After Legendary Hearts (1983) and New Sensations (1984) fared adequately on the charts, Reed was sufficiently rehabilitated as a public figure to become spokesman for Honda scooters. In 1986 he joined the Amnesty International A Conspiracy of Hope Tour and was outspoken about New York's political issues and personalities on the 1989 album New York, commenting on crime, AIDS, Jesse Jackson, Kurt Waldheim, and Pope John Paul II. The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The Blue Mask is the eleventh album by singer-songwriter Lou Reed. ... 1983 album by rock and roll outcast/legend Lou Reed. ... New Sensations is a 1984 album by Lou Reed. ... This article is about the Japanese motor corporation. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Amnesty international Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organization which defines its mission as to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience... A Conspiracy of Hope Tour was a short series of six benefit concerts in behalf of Amnesty International that took place in the United States during June 1986. ... New York is a 1989 album by Lou Reed. ... For other uses, see AIDS (disambiguation). ... Jesse Louis Jackson, Sr. ... Kurt Josef Waldheim (21 December 1918 – 14 June 2007) was an Austrian diplomat and politician. ... Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   []; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of...


Reed also took movie roles that echoed aspects of his personality—or at least his reputation. He played "metaphysical folk singer" Auden (a satire of Bob Dylan) in the 1983 Allan Arkush film Get Crazy, for which he wrote and performed the song "Little Sister". Reed also provided the singing voice for the character Mok in the 1983 film Rock & Rule and wrote the songs "My Name Is Mok" and "Triumph" for the film's soundtrack. 1867 edition of Punch, a ground-breaking British magazine of popular humour, including a good deal of satire of the contemporary social and political scene. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... Allan Arkush is an American cult film and television director and frequent collaborator of Joe Dante. ... Get Crazy is a 1983 film directed by Allan Arkush and starring Malcolm McDowell, Allen Garfield, Daniel Stern, and Ed Begley, Jr. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


Following Warhol's death during routine surgery in 1987, Reed again collaborated with John Cale on 1990's Songs for Drella (Drella - Warhol's nickname - is a blend of the words "Dracula" and "Cinderella"). The album marked an end to a 22-year estrangement. The album took the shape of a Warhol biography; on the album, Reed sings of his love for his late friend, but also criticizes both the doctors who were unable to save Warhol's life and Warhol's would-be assassin, Valerie Solanas. “Surgeon” redirects here. ... Not to be confused with J. J. Cale. ... Songs for Drella, released in 1990, is a concept album by Velvet Underground alumni Lou Reed and John Cale. ... This article is about the creation of words by combining words. ... This article is about the novel. ... For other uses, see Cinderella (disambiguation). ... Valerie Jean Solanas (April 9, 1936 – April 26, 1988) was an American radical feminist writer who struggled to be recognized for her writing but became famous for shooting the artist Andy Warhol in 1968. ...


1990s

Lou Reed performing at the Arlene Schinitzer Concert Hall in Portland, Oregon.
Lou Reed performing at the Arlene Schinitzer Concert Hall in Portland, Oregon.

In 1990, following a 20-year hiatus, the Velvet Underground reformed for a Cartier benefit in France. Reed released Magic and Loss in 1992, an album about mortality, inspired by the death of two close friends from cancer. In 1993, the Velvet Underground again reunited and toured throughout Europe, though plans for a North American tour were cancelled following another falling out between Reed and Cale. In 1994 Reed appeared in A Celebration: The Music of Pete Townshend and The Who, also known as Daltrey Sings Townshend. This was a two-night concert at Carnegie Hall produced by Roger Daltrey of English rock band The Who in celebration of his fiftieth birthday. In 1994 a CD and a VHS video were issued, and in 1998 a DVD was released. Reed performed a radically rearranged version of "Now And Then" from Psychoderelict. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 541 pixel Image in higher resolution (1280 × 865 pixel, file size: 487 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lou Reed Metadata... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 541 pixel Image in higher resolution (1280 × 865 pixel, file size: 487 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lou Reed Metadata... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Type Commission  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ... Magic and Loss is a concept album by Lou Reed, released in 1992. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Roger Harry Daltrey, CBE (born 1 March 1944), is a rock vocalist, songwriter, and actor, best known as the founder and lead singer of English rock band The Who. ... The Who are an English rock band that formed in 1964. ... Psychoderelict was a concept album written, produced and engineered by Pete Townshend. ...


In 1996, the Velvet Underground were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. At the induction ceremony, Reed performed a song entitled "Last Night I Said Goodbye to My Friend" alongside former bandmates John Cale and Maureen Tucker, in dedication to VU guitarist Sterling Morrison, who had died the previous August. Reed has since been nominated for the Rock Hall as a solo artist twice, in 2000 and 2001, but has not been inducted.[11] The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... Maureen Ann Moe Tucker (born August 26, 1944, in Levittown, New York, United States) is a musician best known for having been the drummer for the rock group The Velvet Underground. ... Holmes Sterling Morrison, Jr (East Meadow, New York, August 28, 1942 – August 30, 1995 in Poughkeepsie, NY) was one of the founding members of influential rock group The Velvet Underground, playing lead, rhythm and bass guitar and singing backing vocals. ...


In 1997, over 30 artists covered "Perfect Day" for the BBC's "Children in Need" appeal. 1996's Set the Twilight Reeling received a lukewarm reception, but 2000's Ecstasy - including several tracks originally written for the "Time Rocker" piece - drew praise from most critics, including Robert Christgau. In 1996, Lou Reed contributed songs and music to Time Rocker, an avant-garde theatrical interpretation of H.G. Wells's The Time Machine staged by theater director Robert Wilson. The piece premiered in the Thalia Theater in Hamburg, Germany, and was later also shown at The Brooklyn Academy of Music in New York.[12] For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... 1996 release by rock and roll deity, Lou Reed. ... Ecstasy is the eighteenth album by rock and roll outcast/legend Lou Reed, released in 2000. ... Robert Christgau (born April 18, 1942), is an American essayist, music journalist, and the self-declared Dean of American Rock Critics.[1] In print, his name is sometimes abbreviated as Xgau. ... H. G. Wells at the door of his house at Sandgate Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 - August 13, 1946) was an English writer best known for his science fiction novels such as The War of the Worlds and The Time Machine. ... The Time Machine is a novel by H. G. Wells, first published in 1895, later made into two films of the same title. ... Robert Wilson may refer to: Rob Wilson MP for Reading East Sir Robert Wilson (astronomer), a British astronomer Sir Robert Wilson (businessman), chairman of BG Group Sir Robert Thomas Wilson, a British general and politician Robert L. Wilson (1920-1944), U.S. Marine, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in action... The Thalia-Theater is one of the three state-owned theatres in Hamburg, Germany. ...


Since the late 1990s, Reed was romantically linked to the musician, multi-media and performance artist Laurie Anderson, and the two have collaborated on a number of recordings together. Anderson contributed to "Call On Me" from Reed's project The Raven, to the tracks "Rouge" and "Rock Minuet" from Reed's Ecstasy, and to "Hang On To Your Emotions" from Reed's Set the Twilight Reeling. Reed contributed to "In Our Sleep" from Anderson's Bright Red and to "One Beautiful Evening" from Anderson's Life on a String. They were married on April 12, 2008[13]. For the author, see Laurie Halse Anderson. ... Bright Red is the title of singer Laurie Andersons sixth album, released by Warner Bros. ... Life on a String is an album by performance artist Laurie Anderson, released in 2001 on Nonesuch Records. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


2000s

In May 2000 Reed performed before Pope John Paul II at the Great Jubilee Concert in Rome. In 2000, a new collaboration with Robert Wilson called Poe-Try was staged at the Thalia Theater in Germany. As with the previous collaboration Time Rocker, Poe-Try was also inspired by the works of a 19th century writer: Edgar Allan Poe. Lou became obsessed with Poe after producer and long-time friend Hal Willner had suggested him to read some of Poe's text at a Halloween benefit he was curating at St. Ann's Episcopal Church in Brooklyn.[14] For this new collaboration with Robert Willson, Lou Reed reworked and even rewrote some of Poe's text as well as included some new songs based on the theme explored in the texts. In 2001, Reed made a cameo appearance in the movie adaptation of Prozac Nation. On October 6, 2001 the New York Times published a Lou Reed poem called "Laurie sadly listening" in which he reflects upon the events of 9/11.[15] Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II, Polish: Jan PaweÅ‚ II) born   []; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) reigned as the 264th Pope of... Robert Wilson may refer to: Rob Wilson MP for Reading East Sir Robert Wilson (astronomer), a British astronomer Sir Robert Wilson (businessman), chairman of BG Group Sir Robert Thomas Wilson, a British general and politician Robert L. Wilson (1920-1944), U.S. Marine, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in action... The Thalia-Theater is one of the three state-owned theatres in Hamburg, Germany. ... Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American poet, short story writer, playwright, editor, literary critic, essayist and one of the leaders of the American Romantic Movement. ... Hal Willner (born 1957, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is a music producer working in recording, Films, TV and live events. ... This article is about the holiday. ... Prozac Nation (sub-titled Young and Depressed in America : A Memoir) is an autobiography published in 1994 and written by Elizabeth Wurtzel. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... The date that commonly refers to the attacks on United States citizens on September 11, 2001 (see the September 11, 2001 Attacks). ...


Incorrect reports of Reed's death were broadcast by numerous US radio stations in 2001, caused by a hoax email (purporting to be from Reuters) which said he had died of an overdose. In 2003, he released a 2-CD set, The Raven, based on "Poe-Try". Besides Lou Reed and his band (guitarist Mike Rathke, bassist Fernando Saunders and drummer Tony "Thunder" Smith), the album featured a wide range of actors and musicians including singers David Bowie, Laurie Anderson, Kate McGarrigle & Anna McGarrigle, The Blind Boys of Alabama and Antony Hegarty, saxophonist and long-time idol Ornette Coleman, and actors Elizabeth Ashley, Steve Buscemi, Willem Dafoe, Amanda Plummer, Fisher Stevens and Kate Valk. The album consisted of songs written by Reed and spoken word performances of reworked and rewritten texts of Edgar Allan Poe by the actors, set to electronic music composed by Reed. At the same time a 1-CD version of the albums, focusing on the music, was also released. Various notable people have had their death announced in error. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... CD redirects here. ... David Bowie (pronounced ) (born David Robert Jones on 8 January 1947) is an iconic English musician, actor, producer, arranger, and audio engineer. ... For the author, see Laurie Halse Anderson. ... Kate McGarrigle (born on February 6, 1946 in Saint-Sauveur-des-Monts, Quebec, Canada) is a Canadian folk music singer-songwriter, who writes and performs as a duo with her sister Anna McGarrigle. ... Anna McGarrigle (born 1944 in Saint-Sauveur-des-Monts, Quebec) is a Canadian folk music singer/songwriter who writes and performs as a duo with her sister Kate McGarrigle. ... The Blind Boys of Alabama are a gospel music group from Alabama that first formed at the Alabama Institute for the Negro Blind in 1939. ... Antony Hegarty (born 1971) is an English singer/songwriter, best known for being the lead singer of the band Antony and the Johnsons. ... Ornette Coleman (born March 9, 1930) is an American saxophonist, violinist, trumpeter and composer. ... Elizabeth Ashley is an American actress who first came to prominence in the Broadway play Take Her, Shes Mine, which earned her a Tony award as Best Featured Actress in a Play. ... Steven Vincent Buscemi (born December 13, 1957) is an Emmy- and Golden Globe-nominated American actor and film director. ... William Dafoe, Jr. ... Amanda Michael Plummer (born March 23, 1957 in New York, New York) is an Emmy and Tony Award-winning American actress. ... Fisher Stevens, born Steven Fisher, (November 27, 1963) in Chicago, Illinois is an American actor, living in New York City. ... Kate Valk is a founding member of The Wooster Group. ... Spoken word is a form of music or artistic performance in which lyrics, poetry, or stories are spoken rather than sung. ... Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American poet, short story writer, playwright, editor, literary critic, essayist and one of the leaders of the American Romantic Movement. ... CD redirects here. ...


A few months after the release of The Raven, a new 2 CD Best Of-set called NYC Man (The Ultimate Collection 1967-2003), which featured an unreleased version of the song "Who am I" and a selection of career spanning tracks that had been selected, remastered and sequenced under Lou's own supervision. In April 2003, Lou Reed embarked on a new world tour supporting both new and released material, with a band including celliste Jane Scarpantoni and singer Antony Hegarty. During some of the concerts for this tour, the band was joined by Master Ren Guangyi, Lou's personal Tai Chi instructor, performing Tai Chi movements to the music on stage. This tour was documented in the 2004 double disc live album Animal Serenade, recorded live at The Wiltern in Los Angeles. For other uses, see The Raven (disambiguation). ... NYC Man is a 2-CD anthology of Lou Reeds work featuring four songs by The Velvet Underground. ... Jane Scarpantoni is a classically trained cello player who has played on a number of alternative rock albums. ... Antony Hegarty (born 1971) is an English singer/songwriter, best known for being the lead singer of the band Antony and the Johnsons. ... Tai chi chuan (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: tai4 chi2 chüan2) is an internal Chinese martial art. ... 62-year-old Lou Reed onstage in Los Angeles in 2003 after The Raven. ... The Wiltern Theatre and adjacent 12-story Pellissier Building are an Art Deco landmark located on the corner of Wilshire Boulevard and Western Avenue in Los Angeles, California (the entire complex is commonly referred to as simply the Wiltern). ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


2003 also saw the release of Lou's first book of photographs, called Emotions in Action. This work actually was made up out of 2 books, a larger A4-paper sized called "Emotions" and a smaller one called "Actions" which was laid into the hard cover of the former. After Hours: a Tribute to the Music of Lou Reed was released by Wampus Multimedia in 2003. In 2004, a Groovefinder remix of his song, "Satellite of Love" (called "Satellite of Love '04") was released. It reached #10 in the UK singles chart. In 2004 Lou Reed contributed vocals and guitar to the track "Fistfull of love" on I Am a Bird Now by Antony and the Johnsons. In 2005 Reed did a spoken word text on Danish rock band Kashmir's album No Balance Palace. A comparison of different paper sizes A4 is a standard paper size, defined by the international standard ISO 216 as 210×297 mm (roughly 8. ... Wampus Multimedia is an American record label founded in 2001 by artist and producer Mark Doyon. ... A remix is an alternative version of a song, different from the original version. ... For the Mystery Science Theater 3000 spacecraft, see Satellite of Love (MST3K). ... “British Hit Singles” redirects here. ... I am a Bird Now is the second album by New York band Antony and the Johnsons. ... Antony and the Johnsons is a Mercury Prize-winning music act from New York City. ... Kashmir is a Danish rock band consisting of Kasper Eistrup (vocals and lead guitar); Mads Tunebjerg (bass); Asger Techau (drums) and Henrik Lindstrand (keyboards and guitar). ... No Balance Palace is the fifth album by the danish band Kashmir. ...


In January 2006, a second book of photographs called "Lou Reed's New York" was released.[16] At the 2006 MTV Video Music Awards, Reed performed "White Light/White Heat" with The Raconteurs. Later in the night, while co-presenting the award for Best Rock Video with Pink, he exclaimed, apparently unscripted, that "MTV should be playing more rock n' roll". The 2006 MTV Video Music Awards aired live on August 31, 2006, honoring the best music videos from July 1, 2005 to June 30, 2006. ... The Raconteurs, also known as The Saboteurs in Australia, are a Grammy-nominated rock band, featuring four members previously known for other musical projects. ... Alecia Beth Moore (pronounced [1]) (born on September 8, 1979), known professionally as Pink (often stylized as ), is a two-time Grammy-winning American singer-songwriter who gained prominence in 2000. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ...


In October 2006, Lou Reed appeared at Hal Willner's Leonard Cohen tribute show "Came So Far For Beauty" in Dublin, beside the cast of Laurie Anderson, Nick Cave, Antony, Jarvis Cocker, Beth Orton, and others. According to the reports, he transformed Cohen's "The Stranger Song" into metal rock[17]. He also performed "One Of Us Cannot Be Wrong" and two duets - "Joan of Arc", Cohen's song about Nico, with Cohen's former back-up singer Julie Christensen, thus re-casting Cohen's duet with her from 1994 Cohen Live album, and "Memories" - which also refers to Nico - in a duet with Anjani Thomas. The tracks are available on unofficial recordings made by Cohen fans. Hal Willner (born 1957, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is a music producer working in recording, Films, TV and live events. ... Leonard Norman Cohen, CC (born September 21, 1934 in Westmount, Quebec) is a Canadian singer-songwriter, poet and novelist. ... For the author, see Laurie Halse Anderson. ... Nicholas Edward Cave (born 22 September 1957) is an Australian musician, songwriter, author, screenwriter, and occasional actor. ... Antony is an English language variant of Anthony. ... Jarvis Branson Cocker (born 19 September 1963, in Sheffield, England) is an English musician, best known for fronting the band Pulp. ... Elizabeth Caroline Orton[1], commonly known as Beth Orton, (born December 14, 1970), is a BRIT Award–winning English singer-songwriter. ... For other uses, see Nico (disambiguation). ... Cohen Live: Leonard Cohen in Concert is a live album by Leonard Cohen released in 1994. ... Anjani Thomas is an American singer-songwriter, guitarist and pianist best known for her work with the legendary singer-songwriter Leonard Cohen, as well as Carl Anderson, Frank Gambale, Stanley Clarke. ...


In December of 2006, much to anyone's surprise, Lou Reed played a first series of show at St. Ann's Warehouse, Brooklyn, New York, based on his now legendary 1973 Berlin song cycle. Reed was reunited on stage with guitarist Steve Hunter, who played on the original album as well as on Rock 'n' Roll Animal, as well as joined by singers Antony Hegarty and Sharon Jones, pianist Rupert Christie, a horn and string section and the Brooklyn Youth Chorus. The show was being produced by Bob Ezrin, who also produced the original album, and Hal Willner. The stage was designed by painter Julian Schnabel and a film about protagonist 'Caroline' directed by his daughter, Lola Schnabel, was being projected to the stage. A live recording of these concerts was also published as a film (directed by Julian Schnabel) which was released spring 2008. The show was also played at the Sydney Festival in January 2007 and throughout Europe during June and July of 2007. Berlin is a 1973 album by Lou Reed, his third solo album and the follow-up to the widely accessible and upbeat glam rock classic Transformer. ... Steve Hunter is an American guitarist best known for his collaborations with Lou Reed. ... Rock n Roll Animal is a live album by Lou Reed, released in 1974. ... Antony Hegarty (born 1971) is an English singer/songwriter, best known for being the lead singer of the band Antony and the Johnsons. ... Sharon Jones, Moers Festival 2007 Sharon Jones is an American soul/funk singer. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hal Willner (born 1957, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is a music producer working in recording, Films, TV and live events. ... Julian Schnabel (b. ... Julian Schnabel (b. ...


In April 2007 he released 'Hudson River Wind Meditations', his first record of ambient meditation music. The record was released on the Sounds True record label and contains 4 tracks that were said to have been composed just for himself as a guidance for Tai Chi exercise and meditation. In May of 2007 Reed performed the narration for a screening of Guy Maddin's silent film The Brand Upon the Brain. In June 2007 he performed live at the Traffic Festival 2007 in Turin, Italy, a 5-day free event organized by the town. Move Your Heart Find Your Note Hudson River Wind (Blend The Ambiance) Wind Coda Category: ... Ambient music is a musical genre in which sound is more important than notes. ... Tai chi chuan (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: tai4 chi2 chüan2) is an internal Chinese martial art. ... The term Exercise can refer to: Physical exercise such as running or strength training Exercise (options), the financial term for enacting and terminating a contract Category: ... For other senses of this word, see Meditation (disambiguation). ... Guy Maddin (born February 28, 1956) is a Canadian screenwriter and director of both features and short films. ... The Brand Upon the Brain (2006) is a silent film directed by Guy Maddin. ... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ...


In August 2007 he went into the studio with The Killers in New York City to record 'Tranquilize', a duet with Brandon Flowers for The Killers' b-side/rarities album, called Sawdust. During that month he also recorded guitar for the Lucibel Crater song 'Threadbare Funeral', which appears on their full-length CD The Family Album. October 2007: Lou Reed gives a special performance in the Recitement song 'Passengers'. 'Recitement' is a CD that combines music with spoken word. The album is composed by Stephen Emmer and produced by Tony Visconti. Hollandcentraal was inspired by this piece of music and literature and came up with a concept for a music video The Killers are an American rock band from Las Vegas, Nevada, most famous for their hit singles Somebody Told Me, Mr. ... Tranquilize is a song by Las Vegas-based rock band, The Killers. ... Singles from Sawdust Released: October 9, 2007 Released: October 12, 2007 Sawdust is a compilation of rerecorded B-sides, rarities, covers and remixes by the Las Vegas rock band The Killers. ... For other uses, see Tony Visconti (disambiguation). ...


Discography

With The Velvet Underground

Recordings by The Velvet Underground // Category: ... Alternate covers The early LP edition with the banana sticker peeled off. ... White Light/White Heat is The Velvet Undergrounds second album. ... The Velvet Underground is the eponymous third album by The Velvet Underground, their first with Doug Yule, John Cales replacement. ... Loaded is The Velvet Undergrounds fourth album. ... VU is an outtakes compilation album by The Velvet Underground. ... This article is about the 1986 compilation album by The Velvet Underground. ... Live MCMXCIII is a live album by The Velvet Underground. ... Peel Slowly and See is a five-disc box set of material by The Velvet Underground. ... Loaded is The Velvet Undergrounds fourth album. ...

Solo

Studio albums

Track Listing 1. ... Transformer is Lou Reeds breakthrough second solo album, released in December 1972. ... Berlin is a 1973 album by Lou Reed, his third solo album and the follow-up to the widely accessible and upbeat glam rock classic Transformer. ... A Top 10 album by Lou Reed, released in 1974, and Reeds highest-charting album ever. ... Metal Machine Music (sometimes abbreviated MMM) is an album by Lou Reed. ... For the 2003 film, see Coney Island Baby (film). ... Seventh album by rock and roll legend Lou Reed, released in 1976. ... Street Hassle is a 1978 album by Lou Reed. ... Ninth album by New York City-based rock and roll icon Lou Reed, released in 1979. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The Blue Mask is the eleventh album by singer-songwriter Lou Reed. ... 1983 album by rock and roll outcast/legend Lou Reed. ... New Sensations is a 1984 album by Lou Reed. ... 1986 album by rock and roll legend Lou Reed. ... New York is a 1989 album by Lou Reed. ... Magic and Loss is a concept album by Lou Reed, released in 1992. ... 1996 release by rock and roll deity, Lou Reed. ... Ecstasy is the eighteenth album by rock and roll outcast/legend Lou Reed, released in 2000. ... For the album by The Stranglers, see The Raven (The Stranglers album). ... Move Your Heart Find Your Note Hudson River Wind (Blend The Ambiance) Wind Coda Category: ...

Live albums

Rock n Roll Animal is a live album by Lou Reed, released in 1974. ... Lou Reed Live is a live album by Lou Reed, released in 1975. ... Live in Italy presents Lou Reed in front of his most appreciative audience outside of New York: Europeans. ... Romeo And Juliet The Sword Of Damocles Walk On The Wild Side Warrior King Rock And Roll The Power And Glory Magic And Loss Nobody But You Images Strawman Dirty Blvd Waiting For The Man Vicious Categories: | | | | ... This is a re-issue of Lou Reeds Live in Italy album from 1984. ... An early solo concert from Lou Reed, recorded live at the Hampstead Theatre on Boxing Day - 12-26-72, during the Transformer tour. ... 62-year-old Lou Reed onstage in Los Angeles in 2003 after The Raven. ...

Compilations

  • Walk on the Wild Side: The Best of Lou Reed (1977) US #156, UK #144 [1996 Re-issue]
  • Rock and Roll Diary: 1967-1980 (1980) US #178
  • City Lights (1985)
  • Walk on the Wild Side & Other Hits (1992)
  • Between Thought and Expression: The Lou Reed Anthology [BOX SET] (1992)
  • The Best of Lou Reed & Velvet Underground (1995) UK #56
  • Different Times: Lou Reed in the '70s (1996)
  • Perfect Day (1997) UK # - (UK Budget Albums #2)
  • Retro (1998) UK #29
  • A Retrospective (1998)
  • The Definitive Collection (1999)
  • The Very Best of Lou Reed (2000) UK #94
  • Legendary Lou Reed (2002)
  • NYC Man (The Ultimate Collection 1967-2003) (2003) UK #31
  • NYC Man: Greatest Hits (2004) UK #43
  • Control Soundtrack - "What Goes On" by Velvet Underground (2007)

City Lights - Classic Performances by Lou Reed is a rare compilation from Spain, containing Arista-era tracks, 1985. ... A low budget release centered around the title track, which was a Top Twenty hit for Lou Reed in 1973. ... Another European Lou Reed compilation. ... UK Lou Reed compilation from 1998. ... Another European Lou Reed compilation. ... The Definitive Collection is Aristas 1999 Lou Reed collection, complete with an appropriately decadent cover photo by Mick Rock from the mid-1970s. ... Import Lou Reed compilation from 2000. ... 3-CD compilation of Lou Reeds work from his eponymous debut in 1972 to Mistrial in 1986. ... NYC Man is a 2-CD anthology of Lou Reeds work featuring four songs by The Velvet Underground. ... Control is a black and white biopic about the late Ian Curtis (1956-1980), lead singer of the post-punk rock band Joy Division. ...

Singles

  • Walk on the Wild Side b/w Perfect Day (1972) US #16, UK #10
  • Satellite of Love b/w Vicious (1973)
  • I Love You, Suzanne (1984) US # - (Mainstream Rock Tracks #31)
  • No Money Down (1986) US # - (Mainstream Rock Tracks #19)
  • Dirty Blvd. (1989) US # - (Mainstream Rock Tracks #18, Modern Rock Tracks #1)
  • Busload of Faith (1989) US # - (Modern Rock Tracks #11)
  • Nobody But You (1990) US # - (Modern Rock Tracks #13)
  • What's Good (1992) US # - (Modern Rock Tracks #1)
  • Perfect Day (1997) [Children in Need '97] UK #1
  • Perfect Day (2000) [Various Artists (including Lou Reed)] UK #69
  • Satellite of Love 2004 b/w Satellite of Love (2004) UK #10
  • Tranquilize (2007) [The Killers feat Lou Reed] UK #13

For other uses see the Walk on the Wild Side disambiguation page. ... For the Mystery Science Theater 3000 spacecraft, see Satellite of Love (MST3K). ... Dirty Blvd. ... For other uses, see Perfect Day (disambiguation). ... New BBC Children in Need Pudsey and logo from 2007 BBC Children in Need is an annual British charity appeal organised by the BBC. Since 1980 it has raised £470million. ... For other uses, see Perfect Day (disambiguation). ... Tranquilize is a song by Las Vegas-based rock band, The Killers. ... The Killers are an American rock band from Las Vegas, Nevada, most famous for their hit singles Somebody Told Me, Mr. ...

Collaborations

16 track live album including 2 exclusive bonus tracks (both rehearsals - Pale Blue Eyes & Candy Says). This is the legendary show recorded at the Bataclan Club in Paris, on January 29th, 1972. ... Not to be confused with J. J. Cale. ... For other uses, see Nico (disambiguation). ... This Is Your Land is a song by Scottish rock band Simple Minds from their album Street Fighting Years. ... Simple Minds is a rock band from Scotland, which had its greatest worldwide popularity from the mid-1980s to the early-1990s. ... Songs for Drella, released in 1990, is a concept album by Velvet Underground alumni Lou Reed and John Cale. ... Not to be confused with J. J. Cale. ... Tranquilize is a song by Las Vegas-based rock band, The Killers. ... The Killers are an American rock band from Las Vegas, Nevada, most famous for their hit singles Somebody Told Me, Mr. ... Singles from Sawdust Released: October 9, 2007 Released: October 12, 2007 Sawdust is a compilation of rerecorded B-sides, rarities, covers and remixes by the Las Vegas rock band The Killers. ...

Appearances

Victoria Williams (born December 23, 1958) is a singer/songwriter, originally from Shreveport, Louisiana but for the length of her career a resident of Southern California. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... This article is about the Irish rock band. ... For the author, see Laurie Halse Anderson. ... Doc Pomus (January 27, 1925 - March 14, 1991) was an American blues singer and songwriter, active throughout the 20th century. ... Kurt Julian Weill (March 2, 1900 – April 3, 1950), born in Dessau, Germany and died in New York City, was a German and in his later years, a German-American composer active from the 1920s until his death. ... For the Bon Jovi album, see Lost Highway (album). ... Nine Inch Nails (abbreviated as NIN) is an American industrial rock band, founded in 1988 by Trent Reznor in Cleveland, Ohio. ... I am a Bird Now is the second album by New York band Antony and the Johnsons. ... Antony and the Johnsons is a Mercury Prize-winning music act from New York City. ... Kashmir is a Danish rock band consisting of Kasper Eistrup (vocals and lead guitar); Mads Tunebjerg (bass); Asger Techau (drums) and Henrik Lindstrand (keyboards and guitar). ... The 2006 MTV Video Music Awards aired live on August 31, 2006, honoring the best music videos from July 1, 2005 to June 30, 2006. ... Bright Eyes is a band consisting of singer-songwriter/guitarist Conor Oberst, multi-instrumentalist/producer Mike Mogis, Nate Walcott, and a rotating lineup of collaborators drawn primarily from Omahas indie music scene. ... The Town Hall is a performance space located at 123 West 43rd Street, between Sixth Avenue and Broadway, in New York City, New York. ...

Appearances in films

  • Faraway, So Close! (1993) as himself
  • Get Crazy (1983) as Auden
  • Closure (video) (1997) as himself

Faraway, So Close! is the English title of In weiter Ferne, so nah!, a 1993 film by German director Wim Wenders, written by him, Richard Reitinger and Ulrich Zieger. ... Closure (also known as Halo 12) is a double VHS set by Nine Inch Nails released in 1997. ...

References

  1. ^ Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (2000). The Velvet Underground. Retrieved on 2006-09-15.
  2. ^ Richie Unterberger & Greg Prato (2005). Lou Reed Biography. Retrieved on 2006-09-15.
  3. ^ Lou Reed - Walk on the Wild Side: The Stories Behind the Songs, Chris Roberts & Lou Reed, 2004, Hal Leonard, ISBN 0634080326
  4. ^ Please Kill Me: The Uncensord Oral History of Punk (1996)
  5. ^ While at Syracuse he lived at 902 Ackerman Avenue
  6. ^ David Fricke, liner notes for the Peel Slowly and See box set (Polydor, 1995)
  7. ^ "Velvet Underground and Nico" (1967), album cover notes and record label.
  8. ^ Interview in Rolling Stone Magazine Nov/Dec 1987: Twentieth Anniversary Issue
  9. ^ Black, Johnny. Time Machine: Velvet Underground (1997), Mojo Magazine
  10. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/release/fq4h/ BBC-Music Review
  11. ^ Futurerockhall.com
  12. ^ NEXT WAVE FESTIVAL REVIEW/MUSIC; Echoes of H. G. Wells, Rhythms of Lou Reed - New York Times
  13. ^ Morning Memo: Lou Reed and Laurie Anderson Make it Legal
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ [ http://www.bushwatch.com/auden.htm]
  16. ^ [http://www.artbook.com/3865211526.html Lou Reed's New York ]
  17. ^ "Came so Far For Beauty At The Point Theatre, Dublin, October 4 and 5, 2006", http://www.leonardcohenfiles.com/dublin.html

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Lou Reed
Persondata
NAME Reed, Lou
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Singer-songwriter, guitarist, record producer, Photographer
DATE OF BIRTH March 2, 1942
PLACE OF BIRTH Brooklyn, New York
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Crawdaddy! was the first U.S. magazine of rock and roll music criticism. ... Cover of Synthesis National issue 8. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... MusicBrainz (MusicBrainz. ... Discogs, short for discographies, is a website and database of information about music recordings, including commercial releases, promotional releases, and certain bootleg or off-label releases. ... Track Listing 1. ... Transformer is Lou Reeds breakthrough second solo album, released in December 1972. ... Berlin is a 1973 album by Lou Reed, his third solo album and the follow-up to the widely accessible and upbeat glam rock classic Transformer. ... A Top 10 album by Lou Reed, released in 1974, and Reeds highest-charting album ever. ... Metal Machine Music (sometimes abbreviated MMM) is an album by Lou Reed. ... For the 2003 film, see Coney Island Baby (film). ... Seventh album by rock and roll legend Lou Reed, released in 1976. ... Street Hassle is a 1978 album by Lou Reed. ... Ninth album by New York City-based rock and roll icon Lou Reed, released in 1979. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The Blue Mask is the eleventh album by singer-songwriter Lou Reed. ... 1983 album by rock and roll outcast/legend Lou Reed. ... New Sensations is a 1984 album by Lou Reed. ... 1986 album by rock and roll legend Lou Reed. ... New York is a 1989 album by Lou Reed. ... Magic and Loss is a concept album by Lou Reed, released in 1992. ... 1996 release by rock and roll deity, Lou Reed. ... Ecstasy is the eighteenth album by rock and roll outcast/legend Lou Reed, released in 2000. ... For the album by The Stranglers, see The Raven (The Stranglers album). ... Move Your Heart Find Your Note Hudson River Wind (Blend The Ambiance) Wind Coda Category: ... 16 track live album including 2 exclusive bonus tracks (both rehearsals - Pale Blue Eyes & Candy Says). This is the legendary show recorded at the Bataclan Club in Paris, on January 29th, 1972. ... Songs for Drella, released in 1990, is a concept album by Velvet Underground alumni Lou Reed and John Cale. ... Rock n Roll Animal is a live album by Lou Reed, released in 1974. ... Lou Reed Live is a live album by Lou Reed, released in 1975. ... Live in Italy presents Lou Reed in front of his most appreciative audience outside of New York: Europeans. ... Romeo And Juliet The Sword Of Damocles Walk On The Wild Side Warrior King Rock And Roll The Power And Glory Magic And Loss Nobody But You Images Strawman Dirty Blvd Waiting For The Man Vicious Categories: | | | | ... This is a re-issue of Lou Reeds Live in Italy album from 1984. ... An early solo concert from Lou Reed, recorded live at the Hampstead Theatre on Boxing Day - 12-26-72, during the Transformer tour. ... 62-year-old Lou Reed onstage in Los Angeles in 2003 after The Raven. ... City Lights - Classic Performances by Lou Reed is a rare compilation from Spain, containing Arista-era tracks, 1985. ... A low budget release centered around the title track, which was a Top Twenty hit for Lou Reed in 1973. ... UK Lou Reed compilation from 1998. ... Another European Lou Reed compilation. ... The Definitive Collection is Aristas 1999 Lou Reed collection, complete with an appropriately decadent cover photo by Mick Rock from the mid-1970s. ... Another European Lou Reed compilation. ... Import Lou Reed compilation from 2000. ... 3-CD compilation of Lou Reeds work from his eponymous debut in 1972 to Mistrial in 1986. ... NYC Man is a 2-CD anthology of Lou Reeds work featuring four songs by The Velvet Underground. ... This article is about the rock band. ... Not to be confused with J. J. Cale. ... For other uses, see Nico (disambiguation). ... This article is about the rock band. ... Not to be confused with J. J. Cale. ... Holmes Sterling Morrison, Jr (East Meadow, New York, August 28, 1942 – August 30, 1995 in Poughkeepsie, NY) was one of the founding members of influential rock group The Velvet Underground, playing lead, rhythm and bass guitar and singing backing vocals. ... Maureen Ann Moe Tucker (born August 26, 1944, in Levittown, New York, United States) is a musician best known for having been the drummer for the rock group The Velvet Underground. ... Douglas Alan Yule (born February 25, 1947) is an American musician and singer, most notable for being a member of The Velvet Underground from 1968 to 1973. ... Willie Alexander & The Confessiones, LP, Somor Music 1982. ... Angus MacLise (March 4, 1938 - June 21, 1979) was a percussionist, composer, mystic, shaman, poet, occultist and calligrapher. ... Walter Powers III is a bass guitarist best known for having been a member of The Velvet Underground from late 1970 until late 1971. ... Alternate covers The early LP edition with the banana sticker peeled off. ... White Light/White Heat is The Velvet Undergrounds second album. ... The Velvet Underground is the eponymous third album by The Velvet Underground, their first with Doug Yule, John Cales replacement. ... Loaded is The Velvet Undergrounds fourth album. ... Live at Maxs Kansas City is a live album by The Velvet Underground. ... Live MCMXCIII is a live album by The Velvet Underground. ... Final V.U. 1971-1973 is a live box set consisting of recordings of lineups billed at the time as The Velvet Underground. ... VU is an outtakes compilation album by The Velvet Underground. ... This article is about the 1986 compilation album by The Velvet Underground. ... What Goes On is a box set by The Velvet Underground. ... Peel Slowly and See is a five-disc box set of material by The Velvet Underground. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... All Tomorrows Parties can refer to: [[All Tomorrows POOOOOOP Tomorrows Parties]], a novel in the Bridge trilogy by William Gibson All Tomorrows Parties, an alternative music festival which takes place at Camber Sands, near Rye in East Sussex in the United Kingdom and Los Angeles in... European Son is a song written and performed by the American rock and roll band The Velvet Underground. ... Femme Fatale is a song by The Velvet Underground. ... Nirvana single relesed 1991 on SubPop records. ... Heroin is a song by The Velvet Underground, released on their 1967 debut album, The Velvet Underground and Nico. ... I Heard Her Call My Name is a song by American avant-garde rock band The Velvet Underground, taken from their album, White Light/White Heat. ... The Velvet Underground and Nico was The Velvet Undergrounds influential 1967 debut album. ... Im Waiting for the Man is a song by the American rock band The Velvet Underground, written by Lou Reed. ... Lady Godivas Operation is a song by Avant-garde American rock band The Velvet Underground, appearing on their second album, White Light/White Heat (1968). ... New Age is the fifth song from the 1970 The Velvet Underground album Loaded. It is one of the songs that feature Doug Yule on vocals, encouraged by main singer and songwriter Lou Reed. ... For other songs of the same name, see Run Run Run. ... For the Mystery Science Theater 3000 spacecraft, see Satellite of Love (MST3K). ... This article is about the song. ... Stephanie Says is a song by The Velvet Underground originally recorded in 1968 and released on VU in 1985. ... Sunday Morning is a song by The Velvet Underground which is the opening track on their first album The Velvet Underground and Nico. ... It has been suggested that Sweet Jane (Mott the Hoople version) be merged into this article or section. ... The Black Angels Death Song is a song by The Velvet Underground, from their debut album The Velvet Underground and Nico (1967). ... The Velvet Underground and Nico was The Velvet Undergrounds influential 1967 debut album. ... Venus in Furs is a song by The Velvet Underground, originally released on the album The Velvet Underground and Nico (1967). ... White Light/White Heat is a song by American avant-garde rock band The Velvet Underground, the title track on their second album, released in 1968. ... Recordings by The Velvet Underground // Category: ... The following is a list of all songs by The Velvet Underground. ... Chelsea Girl is the name of the debut album by Nico, released in 1968 and featuring songs written for her by Bob Dylan, Lou Reed, Jackson Browne, John Cale, Tim Hardin, Sterling Morrison, and Gregory Copeland. ... Seen/Unseen Known/Unknown at Naoshima, Kagawa prefecture, Japan Walter De Maria is an American sculptor and composer. ... Exploding. ... Track Listing 1. ... For other uses, see Nico (disambiguation). ... Steven Sesnick was the manager for The Velvet Underground after they fired Andy Warhol. ... Songs for Drella, released in 1990, is a concept album by Velvet Underground alumni Lou Reed and John Cale. ... Andrew Warhola (August 6, 1928 — February 22, 1987), better known as Andy Warhol, was an American artist who was a central figure in the movement known as Pop art. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... William Billy Yule is best known for having been a sit-in drummer for The Velvet Underground during 1970. ... The term singer-songwriter refers to performers who both write and sing their own material. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... A photographer at the Calgary Folk Music Festival Paparazzi at the Tribeca Film Festival A photographer is a person who takes a photograph using a camera. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other meanings, see Brooklyn (disambiguation). ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lou Reed - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2043 words)
Reed has lived in New York City for most of his life and much of his music invokes the city, earning the singer comparisons (which he has encouraged) to William Faulkner and James Joyce as writers of regional interest.
Reed said later his goals were "to bring the sensitivities of the novel to rock music," or to write the Great American Novel in a record album.
The song was a result of Reed having been commissioned to compose a soundtrack for a film adaptation of Nelson Algren's novel of the same name that failed to materialize.
Lou Reed - definition of Lou Reed in Encyclopedia (768 words)
Lewis Allen Reed, known as Lou Reed (born March 2, 1942), is a rock'n'roll singer-songwriter who has had a lasting musical influence on punk rock and alternative rock.
Reed was a fan of rock and rhythm and blues, playing in several high school rock bands, and had recorded a doo wop-style single as a member of The Shades.
Reed attended Syracuse University where he met poet Delmore Schwartz, who Reed credits for his simple poetic vernacular and the encouragement to become a writer.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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