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Encyclopedia > Lotte Reiniger
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Charlotte Reiniger (June 2, 1899 - June 19, 1981) was a German and later British silhouette animator. 2 June is the 153rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (154th in leap years), with 212 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1899 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1981 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search Animation (plural: Animations) is the illusion of motion created by the consecutive display of images of static elements. ...


Lotte Reiniger was born in Berlin-Charlottenburg, German Empire, on June 2, 1899. As a child, she was fascinated with the Chinese art of silhouette puppetry, even building her own puppet theater so she could put on shows for her family and friends. Berlin ( ♫), IPA: , is the capital of Germany and its largest city; down from 4. ... Charlottenburg is an area in Berlin, formerly a borough now part of Charlottenburg_Wilmersdorf. ... Jump to: navigation, search The term German Empire commonly refers to Germany, from its consolidation as a unified nation-state on January 18, 1871, until the abdication of Kaiser (Emperor) Wilhelm II on November 9, 1918. ... A puppet is any controlled character, whether formed by a shadow, strings, by the use of a glove, by direct mechanical contrivance (for example a cable-controlled figure for film or TV) or electronic guidance (such as a radio or infrared remote controller). ...


As a teenager, Reiniger fell in love with cinema, first with the films of Georges Méliès for their special effects, then the films of actor and director Paul Wegener (known today for his two versions of Der Golem), which was more in the nature of a crush. In 1915, the young woman attended a lecture by Wegener that focused on the fantastic possibilities of the trick film. Georges Méliès (December 8, 1861 – January 21, 1938), full name Maries-Georges-Jean Méliès, was a French filmmaker famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest cinema. ... Special effects (abbreviated SPFX or SFX) are used in the film, television, and entertainment industry to create effects that cannot be achieved by normal means, such as depicting travel to other star systems. ... Paul Wegener (born December 11, 1874 in Arnoldsdorf (Westpreußen; now Jarantowice, Poland); died September 13, 1948 in Berlin) was a German actor and film director. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


After a bit of persuasion, she convinced her parents to enroll her in the acting group Wegener belonged to, the Theater of Max Reinhardt. In an attempt to attract the attention of her distant and very-busy hero, she started making silhouette portraits of the various actors around her. This had its desired effect, and soon she was making elaborate title cards for Wagener's films, many of which featured silhouettes. There are two Max Reinhardts: Max Reinhardt (theatre director) Max Reinhardt (publisher) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


In 1918, Reiniger animated wooden rats for Wegener's Der Rattenfänger von Hameln (The Pied Piper of Hamelin). The success of this work got her admitted into the Institut für Kulturforschung (Institute for Cultural Discovery), an experimental animation studio. It was here that she met her future creative partner and husband (from 1921), Carl Koch. Jump to: navigation, search 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The oldest picture of Pied Piper copied from the glass window of Marktkirche in Goslar The Pied Piper of Hamelin is a folk tale, among others written down by the Brothers Grimm. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1921 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


The first film Reiniger directed was "Das Ornament des verliebten Herzens" (The Ornament of the Enamoured Heart) (1919), a short piece involving two lovers and an ornament that reflected their moods. The film was very well received. She went on to make six short films over the next few years, all produced and photographed by her husband. These were interspersed with advertising films (the Pinschewer advertising agency sponsored a large number of abstract animators during the Weimar period) and special effects for various feature films (in particular, she did a silhouette falcon for a dream sequence in Part One of Fritz Lang's Die Nibelungen). During this period she became the center of a large group of ambitious German animators. Jump to: navigation, search The period of German history from 1919 to 1933 is known as the Weimar Republic IPA (German Weimarer Republik). ... Fritz Lang Friedrich Anton Christian Lang (December 5, 1890 - August 2, 1976) was an Austrian film director, screenwriter and occasional film producer, one of the best known emigrés from Germanys school of expressionism to work in Hollywood. ...


Then in 1923 a unique opportunity came her way. A banker acquaintance, Louis Hagen, had bought a large quantity of raw film stock as an investment to fight the spiraling inflation of the period. The gamble had failed, and the film had become worthless to Hagen, so he decided to give it to Reiniger to make a feature film. The result of this gift was Die Geschichte des Prinzen Achmed (The Adventures of Prince Achmed), completed in 1926, the oldest surviving animated feature film, with a plot that is a pastiche of stories from the Thousand and One Nights. The film was a critical and popular success. Reiniger anticipated Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks by a decade by devising the first multi-plane camera for certain effects. In addition to Reiniger's silhouette actors, Prinz Achmed boasted dream-like backgrounds by Walther Ruttmann (her partner in the Die Nibelungen sequence) and a symphonic score by Wolfgang Zeller. Additional effects were added by Carl Koch and Berthold Bartosch. Jump to: navigation, search 1923 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Book of One Thousand and One Nights (كتاب ألف ليلة و ليلة in Arabic or هزار و یک شب in Persian), also known as The book of a Thousand Nights and a Night, 1001 Arabian Nights, or simply the Arabian Nights, is a piece of classic Arabic literature in... Jump to: navigation, search This article reads like an advertisement. ... Ub Iwerks - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Berthold Bartosch (1893 - 1968) was born in Bohemia (now Czech Republic). ...


The success of Prinz Achmed meant that Lotte Reiniger would not need a stroke of luck to make a second feature. Doktor Dolittle und seine Tiere (Doctor Dolittle and His Animals) (1928) was based on the first of the English children's books by Hugh Lofting. The score this time was composed by Kurt Weill, Paul Hindemith and Paul Dessau. A year later, Reiniger co-directed her first live-action film with Rochus Gliese, Die Jagd nach dem Glück (The Pursuit of Happiness) (1929), a tale about a shadow-puppet troupe. The film starred Jean Renoir and Bertold Bartosch and included a twenty-minute silhouette performance by Reiniger. Unfortunately, the film was completed just as sound came to Germany, and release of the film was delayed until 1930 to dub in voices for the actors--the dubbing was so bad it ruined the film. Reiniger was also trying to put together a third animated feature based on Maurice Ravel's opera L'Enfant et les Sortilèges (The Boy and the Bewitched Things) (1925), but she wasn't able to clear the rights with the unexpected number of copyright holders. Doctor Dolittle is the central character of a series of childrens books by Hugh Lofting. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Hugh John Lofting (Maidenhead, Berkshire, England January 14, 1886 - Topanga, California September 26, 1947) was a British author, trained as a civil engineer, who created the character of Doctor Dolittle - one of the classics of childrens literature. ... Jump to: navigation, search Kurt Weill, a photo taken in Salzburg, Austria, 1934 Kurt Julian Weill (March 2, 1900 – April 3, 1950), born in Dessau, Germany and died in New York, was a German composer active from the 1920s until his death. ... Jump to: navigation, search Paul Hindemith (November 16, 1895 – December 28, 1963) was a German composer, violist, teacher, theorist and conductor. ... Jump to: navigation, search Jean Renoir Jean Renoir (September 15, 1894 – February 12, 1979), born in the Montmartre Quarter of Paris, France was a film director. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Joseph-Maurice Ravel (March 7, 1875 – December 28, 1937) was a French composer and pianist, best known for his orchestral work, Boléro, and his famous 1922 orchestral arrangement of Modest Mussorgskys Pictures at an Exhibition. ... Jump to: navigation, search The foyer of Charles Garniers Opéra, Paris, opened 1875 Opera refers to an European art form consisting of a dramatic stage performance set to music. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search For copyright issues in relation to Wikipedia itself, see Wikipedia:Copyrights. ...


With the rise of the Nazi party, Reiniger and Koch decided to emigrate, but found that no other country would give them permanent visas. As a result, the couple spent the years 1933 - 1939 moving from country to country, staying as long as travel visas would allow. When they couldn't get a travel visa, they were forced to stay in Germany. They somehow made twelve films during this period, the best-known being Carmen (1933) and Papageno (1935), both based on popular operas (Bizet's Carmen and Mozart's The Magic Flute), and both showing both a strong feminist sensibility and an equally-strong musical interpretation. When World War II started, they were forced to stay in Berlin. Jump to: navigation, search The term National Socialism has been used in self-description by a number of different political groups and ideologies, some of which have no connection with the Nazis; see National socialism (disambiguation). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1939 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1935 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Georges Bizet Georges Bizet (October 25, 1838 – June 3, 1875), was a French composer of the romantic era best known for his opera Carmen. ... Jump to: navigation, search Poster from the 1875 premiere of Carmen Carmen is a French opera by Georges Bizet. ... Jump to: navigation, search W. A. Mozart, 1790 portrait by Johann Georg Edlinger Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) is among the most significant and enduringly popular composers of European classical music. ... Die Zauberflöte (English title: The Magic Flute) is an opera in two acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with libretto in German by Emanuel Schikaneder. ... Jump to: navigation, search Feminism is a diverse collection of social theories, political movements, and moral philosophies, largely motivated by or concerning the experiences of women, especially in terms of their social, political, and economic situation. ... Jump to: navigation, search World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atom bomb World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th-century conflict that... Berlin ( ♫), IPA: , is the capital of Germany and its largest city; down from 4. ...


In 1949, Reiniger and Koch were finally able to move to London. After a few projects for the General Post Office, they opened Primrose Productions. Carl Koch died in 1962, but Lotte Reiniger continued on, making twenty animated silhouette films, most of them for the BBC and almost all based on classic fairy tales. She died in Dettenhausen, Germany, on June 19, 1981, at the age of 82. Jump to: navigation, search 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... Jump to: navigation, search The clock tower of the Palace of Westminster, which contains Big Ben London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ... The term General Post Office is used by a number of postal administrations worldwide. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1962 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search Corporate logo of the British Broadcasting Corporation The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the national broadcaster of the United Kingdom. ...


References

  • Donald Crafton; Before Mickey: The Animated Film, 1898-1928; University of Chicago Press; ISBN 0-226-11667-0 (2nd edition, paperback, 1993)
  • Giannalberto Bendazzi (Anna Taraboletti-Segre, translator); Cartoons: One Hundred Years of Cinema Animation; Indiana University Press; ISBN 0-253-20937-4 (reprint, paperback, 2001)

External links

  • Lotte Reiniger at the Internet Movie Database
  • http://www.awn.com/mag/issue1.3/articles/moritz1.3.html: biography and filmography by William Moritz for Animation World Network
  • http://www.bfi.org.uk/features/wild/learn/animators/reiniger.html: "Born to Be Wild", a biographical excerpt from Women and Animation, a Compendium (edited by Jayne Pilling) focusing on Reiniger's childhood; part of the British Film Institute's "Drawn to be Wild" website
  • http://frontierindia.scriptmania.com/page30.htm: synopses of several of Lottiger's films by Abhijit Ghosh Dasitidar

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lotte Reiniger - Films as animator:, Other films: (1064 words)
Lotte Reiniger's career as an independent filmmaker is among the longest and most singular in film history, spanning some 60 years (1919–79) of actively creating silhouette animation films.
Prominent among Reiniger's talents was her transcendence of the inherent flatness and awkwardness of silhouette animation through her dramatic mise en scène and her balletic movements.
Hans Richter, who knew Reiniger in the early Berlin years, later wrote that she "belonged to the avant-garde as far as independent production and courage were concerned," but that the spirit of her work seemed Victorian.
Lotte Reiniger - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1008 words)
Lotte Reiniger was born in Berlin-Charlottenburg, German Empire, on June 2, 1899.
As a teenager, Reiniger fell in love with cinema, first with the films of Georges Méliès for their special effects, then the films of actor and director Paul Wegener (known today for his two versions of Der Golem), which was more in the nature of a crush.
Reiniger was also trying to put together a third animated feature based on Maurice Ravel's opera L'Enfant et les Sortilèges (The Boy and the Bewitched Things) (1925), but she wasn't able to clear the rights with the unexpected number of copyright holders.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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