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Encyclopedia > Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
Locale Los Angeles County
Transit type(s) Rapid transit (Subway)
Light rail
Local Bus
Bus rapid transit
Began operation July 1, 1976
System length Rail – 73.1 mi (117.6 km)
Bus – 1,433 mi² (3,711 km²)
No. of lines 2 Subway
3 Light rail
3 Transitways
191 Bus routes
No. of stations 62 Rail
24 Transitway
Daily ridership 1,599,502 (Weekdays) as of May 2007[1]
Track gauge 4 ft 8½ in (1,435 mm) (standard gauge)
Operator Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority
www.metro.net

The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (also known as Metro, MTA or LACMTA) is the state chartered regional transportation planning and public transportation operating agency for the county of Los Angeles. The agency develops and oversees transportation plans, policies, funding programs, and both short-term and long-range solutions that address the County's increasing mobility, accessibility and environmental needs. The Los Angeles Metropolitan Transit Authority was a public agency formed in 1951. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Map of California showing Los Angeles County. ... Bangkok Skytrain. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway—usually in an urban area—with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... For other uses, see Bus (disambiguation). ... Busways redirects here. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The dominant rail gauge in each country shown Rail gauge is the distance between the inner sides of the two parallel rails that make up a railway track. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ... Los Angeles County is a county in California and is the most populous county in the United States. ...


The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority operates the third largest public transportation system in the United States by ridership with a 1,433 mi² (3,711 km²) operating area and 2,000 peak hour buses on the street any given business day.[2] Metro also designed, built and now operates 73.1 mi (117 km) of urban rail service.[3] The authority has 9,200 employees, making it one of the region's largest employers. A mile is any of several units of distance, or, in physics terminology, of length. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ...


The authority also partially funds sixteen municipal bus operators and a wide array of transportation projects including bikeways and pedestrian facilities, local roads and highway improvements, goods movement, Metrolink, Freeway Service Patrol and freeway call boxes within the greater metropolitan Los Angeles region. Metrolink (AAR reporting marks SCAX) is a Regional rail system that serves the Southern California region. ...


Security and law enforcement services on Metro property (including buses and trains) are currently provided by the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department's Transit Services Bureau via contract, in conjunction with Metro's Transit Security department. This article is about the Los Angeles County Sherriffs Department, not to be confused with the smaller Los Angeles County Police Memorial to fallen deputies. ...


In 2006, The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority was named Outstanding Transportation System for 2006 by the American Public Transportation Association. Most buses and trains have "America's Best" decals affixed.[4] The American Public Transportation Association is a Washington, DC based non-profit organization that serves as an advocate for the advancement of public transportation programs and initiatives in the United States since the organizations founding in 1882. ...

Contents

Public transportation

Metro Rail

Map of the Metro Rail and Metro Transitways system.

The Metropolitan Transportation Authority operates 73.1 mi (118 km) of Metro Rail service. The system is composed of 62 stations, two at-grade light rail lines, one grade-separated light rail line, and two heavy rail subway lines with total estimated ridership of over 260,100 boardings per weekday. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 611 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1436 × 1408 pixel, file size: 163 KB, MIME type: image/png) Map of the Metro System in Los Angeles, California. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 611 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1436 × 1408 pixel, file size: 163 KB, MIME type: image/png) Map of the Metro System in Los Angeles, California. ... The Los Angeles County Metro Rail is the mass transit rail system of Los Angeles County. ...

  • The Blue Line (opened in 1990) is a light rail line connecting Downtown Los Angeles to Downtown Long Beach. It is the region's first rail line since the demise of the Pacific Electric Railway's Red Car system in 1961.
  • The Gold Line (opened July 26, 2003) is a light rail line that runs between Downtown Los Angeles and Pasadena and runs through Highland Park and South Pasadena.
  • The Purple Line (named 2006, first leg to Westlake/MacArthur Park opened in 1993; to Koreatown in 1996) is a subway line running between Downtown Los Angeles and Wilshire/Western Station in Koreatown. Considered part of the Red Line until 2006.

From Union Station in downtown Los Angeles, Metro Rail passengers can transfer to Amtrak and the Metrolink commuter rail system. The Metro Blue Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a light rail line connecting Downtown Los Angeles at the 7th St/Metro Center station and Downtown Long Beach. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles County Government  - Mayor Bob Foster Area  - City  65. ... The Pacific Electric Railway main company depot at Sixth Street and Main Street in downtown Los Angeles, circa 1910. ... Diagram of the Metro Red Line. ... Skyline of downtown Los Angeles Bunker Hill as seen from Los Angeles City Hall Downtown Los Angeles is the central business district of Los Angeles, California, located close to the geographic center of the metropolitan area. ... North Hollywood is a district in the San Fernando Valley section of Los Angeles, California. ... Metro Green Line The Metro Green line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a light rail line connecting Redondo Beach and Norwalk. ... Location of Redondo Beach in California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1892-04-29 [2]  - Mayor Michael A. Gin [1] Area    - City 16. ... Location of Norwalk in California and Los Angeles County Coordinates: Country United States State California County Los Angeles Incorporated 1957  - City Council Jesse M. Luera (mayor) Rick Ramirez Cheri Kelley Michael Mendez Gordon Stefenhagen Area    - City  9. ... The Century Freeway (formally known as the Glenn Anderson Freeway, for the congressman who advocated its construction) is an east-west freeway in southern Los Angeles County, California. ... Runway layout at LAX “LAX” redirects here. ... Diagram of the Metro Gold Line. ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Highland Park is a district in on the East Side of Los Angeles. ... Location of South Pasadena in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) March 2, 1888 [2] Government  - Mayor Philip Putnam [1] Area  - City  3. ... Diagram of the Metro Purple Line. ... Wilshire Boulevard in Koreatown Koreatown is a community of the Wilshire Center district in the Mid-Wilshire area of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... A view of Union Station familiar to many of downtown Los Angeles visitors. ... Amtrak California is a brand name used by Caltrans Division of Rail on all state supported and Amtrak operated rail routes within the State of California. ... Metrolink (AAR reporting marks SCAX) is a Regional rail system that serves the Southern California region. ...


Metro Liner

A Metro Liner vehicle at the North Hollywood station on the Orange Line Transitway.

Los Angeles' newest form of transportation is the Metro Liner bus rapid transit system. Metro Liner vehicles are 60 feet long, articulated buses painted in Metro Rail's silver livery. The Metro Liner is meant to mimic the Metro Rail lines, both in the vehicle's design and in the operation of the line. Vehicles stop at all stations, tickets are sold only on platforms, passengers can board at any door, and the vehicles receive priority at intersections. Bus Rapid Transit is described by promoters as "light rail on rubber tires." Opponents have claimed that it has a small capacity and low speed compared to light rail. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1296x972, 200 KB)[edit] Summary A Metro Liner bus (with bicycle rack) at North Hollywood Orange Line Station [edit] Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1296x972, 200 KB)[edit] Summary A Metro Liner bus (with bicycle rack) at North Hollywood Orange Line Station [edit] Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Busways redirects here. ...

NABI 60-BRT Orange Line bus at Warner Center Transit Hub Side view of the NABI 60-BRT at Warner Center Transit Hub Interior view of the NABI 60-BRT. The Metro Orange Line is a dedicated transitway operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority which began its... San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. ... Platforms Side platform Parking None Other information Opened October 29, 2005 Accessible Owned by Los Angeles Department of Transportation Services Side view of the NABI 60-BRT at Warner Center Transit Hub. ... Woodland Hills, California in the foreground, including Warner Center. ... Other service Kiss & Ride passenger drop-off area Platforms Red Line: Island platform Orange Line: Side platform Parking 1,101 Park and Ride lot spaces Bicycle facilities 68 Bike Rack Spaces 8 Locker Spaces Other information Opened Red Line: June 24, 2000 Orange Line: October 29, 2005 Accessible North Hollywood... Diagram of the Metro Red Line. ...

Combined Transitway Service

Metro operates 2 transitways that host many bus lines, that originate and terminate in different places through Los Angeles county. When traveling within the transitways, the buses run in express service, stopping only at transitway stations. The transitways are meant to mimic the Metro Rail lines, because while each bus may have a different final destination passengers can board any bus and travel to any of the other stations.

Map of El Monte Busway. ... A permanent, separated high-occupancy vehicle lane on I-91 in Connecticut A high occupancy vehicle (or HOV) is a transportation engineering and transportation planning term referring to a vehicle with a driver and one or more passengers. ... On an expressway, motorway, or autobahn, the median (North American English) or central reservation (British English) is the strip of grass or the wall which separates opposing lanes of traffic. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 10 Interstate 10 (abbreviated I-10) is the southernmost east-west, coast-to-coast interstate highway in the United States. ... The San Bernardino Freeway is the assigned name of an approximately 60-mile (95 km) long segment of Interstate 10 (I-10) between the cities of Los Angeles, California and San Bernardino, California. ... San Gabriel Valley within Southern California The San Gabriel Valley is one of the principal valleys of southern California. ... The Inland Empire and its regions within The Inland Empire refers to the region in Southern California located in Riverside and San Bernardino Counties in the United States. ... Foothill Transit is a bus transit company serving routes in the San Gabriel Valley of Greater Los Angeles, California. ... The Harbor Transitway as seen from the Harbor Freeway. ... A permanent, separated high-occupancy vehicle lane on I-91 in Connecticut A high occupancy vehicle (or HOV) is a transportation engineering and transportation planning term referring to a vehicle with a driver and one or more passengers. ... On an expressway, motorway, or autobahn, the median (North American English) or central reservation (British English) is the strip of grass or the wall which separates opposing lanes of traffic. ... “Harbor Freeway” redirects here. ... The Harbor Freeway goes under many bridges as it passes through downtown Los Angeles The Harbor Freeway is one of the principal north-south freeways in Los Angeles County, California. ... San Pedro is connected to Los Angeles by a thin strip of land called the Harbor Gateway which roughly follows the 110 freeway. ... Skyline of downtown Los Angeles Bunker Hill as seen from Los Angeles City Hall Downtown Los Angeles is the central business district of Los Angeles, California, located close to the geographic center of the metropolitan area. ... OCTA logo. ... The City of Los Angeles, led by an EMD E2 unit, makes a station stop in Cheyenne, Wyoming on February 13, 1938. ... Location of Gardena in California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1930-09-11 [2] Government  - Mayor Paul K. Tanaka [1] Area    - City  5. ... Location of Torrance in the County of Los Angeles Country United States State California County Los Angeles County, California Government  - Mayor Frank Scotto Area    - City 20. ...

Metro Bus

Metro operates three types of bus services which are distinguished by the color of the buses.

A Metro Local bus with its trademark orange color
A Metro Local bus with its trademark orange color

Metro Local buses are painted in an off-orange color the agency has dubbed “California Poppy”. This type of service makes frequent stops along major thoroughfares. There are 18,500 stops on 189 bus lines. Metro Local buses that have not yet been painted remain white with an orange-yellow stripe. Some routes make limited stops but do not participate in the Rapid program; those routes are served by orange colored buses. Some Metro Local bus lines are operated by First Transit, Transportation Concepts, and Southland Transit. The contractor operated buses do not feature advanced technological features like those found on Metro operated buses. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 380 KB) [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority Metro Local Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 380 KB) [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority Metro Local Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... A Metro Local bus with its trademark orange color A Metro Local bus with the old paint scheme Metro Local is a bus service in Los Angeles County, operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. ... FirstGroup plc (LSE: FGP) is a Scottish transport company operating in the United Kingdom, Ireland and North America, with headquarters in Aberdeen. ...

A Metro Rapid bus on Line 720.
A Metro Rapid bus on Line 720.

Metro Rapid buses are distinguished by their bright red color the agency has dubbed “Rapid Red”. This bus service offers limited stops on many of the county's more heavily traveled arterial streets. Metro claims to reduce passenger commute times by up to 25 percent by several methods, among them the lack of a bus schedule so that drivers are not held up at certain stops. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 2487 KB)[edit] Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 2487 KB)[edit] Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Metro Rapid 761 Metro Rapid is a bus rapid transit system in Los Angeles County, California, operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. ...

Metro Express bus at CSULB in Long Beach
Metro Express bus at CSULB in Long Beach

Metro Express - Currently only implemented on two lines, 450X and 577X, Metro Express buses are painted a dark blue color the agency has dubbed “Business Blue,” the buses are designed to offer premium, reduced-stop service along Los Angeles's extensive freeway network. There are other lines using the county's freeway system, but these are original lines using Metro Local & Rapid painted buses, with line numbers in the “400” and “500” series (Metro Express also uses line numbers in these series but append the letter “X” to indicate “expedited service”). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 326 KB) Summary Picture of the Los Angeles MTA Metro Express bus. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 326 KB) Summary Picture of the Los Angeles MTA Metro Express bus. ... California State University, Long Beach (also known as Long Beach State, Cal State Long Beach, CSULB or LBSU) is the largest campus of the California State University system located in Long Beach, California, at the southern coastal tip of Los Angeles County. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles County Government  - Mayor Bob Foster Area  - City  65. ... Metro Express bus at Norwalk station. ...


The LACMTA operates North America's largest fleet of CNG-powered buses.[5] The CNG fleet reduces emissions of particulates by 90 percent, carbon monoxide by 80 percent, and greenhouse gases by 20 percent over the 500 remaining diesel powered buses in the fleet. Alternative fuel buses have logged more than 450 million operating miles since 1993, an industry record. Typical North America vehicles carry this diamond shape symbol, meaning it is running on compressed natural gas fuel. ... Carbon monoxide, with the chemical formula CO, is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas. ... Greenhouse gases are gaseous components of the atmosphere that contribute to the greenhouse effect. ... This article is about the fuel. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...

See also: Fleet of the LACMTA

NABI 40LFW-18 CNG #7596. ...

Fares

Fare Regular Senior/Disabled/Medicare
Base Fare US$1.25 US$.55
Tokens US$1.25 --
Metro Day Pass US$5.00 US$1.80
Weekly Pass US$17.00 --
Student Fare Card (with monthly stamp) US$24.00 --
College/Vocational (with monthly stamp) US$36.00 --
Monthly Pass US$62.00 US$14.00
Metro-to-Muni Transfer US$.30 US$.10

A US$5 day pass may be used an unlimited number of times within the same day for both bus and rail. Additional zone fares may be charged for certain freeway segments of express bus service. Day passes are not good for municipal bus lines or the Metrolink commuter rail service, but all Metrolink fare media is valid on Metro bus and rail (excluding zone fares). The passes expire at 3 a.m. of the morning of the following day (example: a Jan. 1, 2007 pass expired at 3 a.m. of Jan. 2, 2007). These are sold at all Metro Rail stations and aboard all buses. Metrolink (AAR reporting marks SCAX) is a Regional rail system that serves the Southern California region. ...


A fare is collected on each boarding of a Metro Bus and no transfers are issued within the system but "Metro-to-Muni" transfers, also called interagency transfers, can be used to transfer to other connecting bus systems.


There are no fare gates on the Metro Rail system or the Metro Orange Line. Instead, the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department and Metro fare inspectors conduct random checks of the system. If riders are caught without a ticket they can be fined up to US$ 250 and/or ordered to perform community service for 48 hours. Metro estimates that only about 3% of riders avoid paying the fare. In 2006, however, they said they were considering the possibility of adding turnstiles in the near future.[6] NABI 60-BRT Orange Line bus at Warner Center Transit Hub Side view of the NABI 60-BRT at Warner Center Transit Hub Interior view of the NABI 60-BRT. The Metro Orange Line is a dedicated transitway operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority which began its... This article is about the Los Angeles County Sherriffs Department, not to be confused with the smaller Los Angeles County Police Memorial to fallen deputies. ...


In 2007, with the consent degree with the BRU expired, Metro announced plans for a fare hike. They said that they needed to reduce their $US 100 million deficit, which would be done either by raising fares or reducing service. This proposal garnered strong opposition from Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa, Councilman Bernard Parks, the Bus Riders Union, and low-income residents. Antonio Ramon Villaraigosa (born Antonio (Tony) Ramon Villar, Jr. ... Bernard Parks, currently a member of the Los Angeles City Council, is the former Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department. ... The Bus Riders Union (BRU) is a United States civil rights organization originally formed in Los Angeles, California in 1994. ...


On May 24, 2007, the Metro board approved fare increases, which were much lower than their original proposal. Effective July 1, 2007, the cost of the day, weekly, and monthly passes will rise, and the semi-monthly pass will be eliminated. Effective 2009, the base fare will raised $0.25 to $1.50, a day pass will be $6, a weekly pass will be $20, and a monthly pass will be $75. [2] is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Ridership

Average boardings for May 2007 are as follows: [1]

Bus lines Blue Line Green Line Red Line Gold Line Orange Line
Weekdays 1,313,679 75,032 39,785 128,087 19,093 23,826
Saturdays 864,581 54,901 22,546 86,170 13,238 13,630
Sundays 622,220 41,818 18,309 72,721 11,316 10,481

History

SCRTD logo from 1964 to 1980
SCRTD logo from 1964 to 1980

LACMTA is the product of the merger of two previous agencies: the Southern California Rapid Transit District (SCRTD) and the Los Angeles County Transportation Commission (LACTC). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Detail_library_scrtd_f08. ... Image File history File links Detail_library_scrtd_f08. ... The Southern California Rapid Transit District (SCRTD) was the public sector transportation planning body and transit service provider for Southern California ...


SCRTD was created on August 22, 1964 to serve the urbanized Southern California region, including Los Angeles County, San Bernardino County, Orange County, and Riverside County. SCRTD replaced the major predecessor public agency, the Los Angeles Metropolitan Transit Authority, and ten different private bus companies in the Southern California region. [7] SCRTD was placed in charge of creating a heavy rail public transportation system for Southern California, and for planning for bus improvements. In 1974, the El Monte Busway was opened, a bus-only lane (later converted to a high-occupancy vehicle lane). In 1973, SCRTD shed parts of its operations outside of Los Angeles County, although it continued to operate inter-county service to Riverside and San Bernardino until the formation of LACMTA, and LACMTA continues to operate a line to Disneyland in Orange County and one route that serves Thousand Oaks, California in Ventura County. is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... For the urban complex straddling the United States-Mexico border, see Bajalta California. ... San Bernardino County is the largest county in the contiguous United States by area, containing more land than each of nine states. ... Cities in Orange County Orange County is a county in Southern California, United States. ... Riverside County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of California, stretching from Orange County to the Colorado River, which is the border with Arizona. ... Map of El Monte Busway. ... A permanent, separated high-occupancy vehicle lane on I-91 in Connecticut A high occupancy vehicle (or HOV) is a transportation engineering and transportation planning term referring to a vehicle with a driver and one or more passengers. ... Nickname: Location in the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Riverside Government  - Mayor Ron Loveridge Area  - City  78. ... San Bernardino is the county seat of San Bernardino County, California, United States. ... For other uses, see Disneyland (disambiguation). ... Location of Thousand Oaks, California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California County Ventura Settled 1875 Incorporated September 29, 1964 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Andrew P. Fox  - City manager Scott Mitnick Area [1]  - City  55. ...


The LACTC was formed in 1976 as a requirement of all counties in the state to form local transportation commissions. Its main objective was to be the guardian of all transportation funding, both transit and highway, for Los Angeles County. The creation of the LACTC required the SCRTD to share some of its power. The governing structure of the LACTC favored suburban communities instead of central city interests.


Metro Rail

SCRTD logo from 1980 to 1993

In 1980 voters passed Proposition A, a half-cent sales tax for a regional transit system. The measure succeeded after proposals in 1968 and 1974 had failed. The map that accompanied the initiative showed ten transit corridors [8] with the Wilshire subway line the "cornerstone" of the system, according to former SCRTD planning director Gary Spivak. County Supervisor Kenneth Hahn was one of the key supporters of the proposition, declaring, "I'm going to put the trains back."[9] Hahn ensured that his South Los Angeles district received the first dollars for a light-rail line on the old Long Beach Red Car route from Los Angeles to Long Beach, after seeing the success of the San Diego Trolley. (This would become the Blue line.) Image File history File links Rtd-color_logo. ... Image File history File links Rtd-color_logo. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway—usually in an urban area—with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... Kenneth Ken Hahn was a member of the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors for forty years from 1952 to 1992. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A tram of the Luas system in Dublin, Ireland Shanghai Metro transit station, China A METRORail train approaching Preston Station in downtown Houston, Texas, USA. A LYNX light rail train from Charlotte, North Carolina, USA. The Guadalajara urban L-train system (SITEUR), at first a trolleybus system, opened in 1980... The Pacific Electric Railway (AAR reporting mark PE), also known as the Red Car system, was a mass transit system in Southern California using streetcars, light rail and buses. ... The San Diego Trolley is a trolley-style light rail system operating in the metropolitan area of San Diego, California. ... The Metro Blue Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a light rail line connecting Downtown Los Angeles at the 7th St/Metro Center station and Downtown Long Beach. ...


In 1985, affluent area residents, fueled by elitism and prejudice joined in a well-organized coalition of homeowner groups opposing the project. Leveraging considerable political and financial influence they purchased the support of Congressman Henry Waxman (D-Los Angeles) who suddenly became an opponent of the subway as well. NIMBY (an acronym of Not In My Back Yard) describes the phenomenon in which residents oppose a development as inappropriate for their local area, but by implication do not oppose such development in anothers. ...


On September 11, 1985, He embarked on a successful campaign to blackmail the city by proposing an amendment to cut that year's Federal Transportation Budget removing all subway construction funds. Using a red herring, he cited puerile safety concerns arising from an unrelated methane explosion in the Fairfax District.[10] Look up red herring in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Methane is a chemical compound with the molecular formula CH4. ... The Fairfax District is an area of neighborhoods in the City of Los Angeles, California, that is roughly bordered by West Hollywood on the north, La Brea Avenue on the east, West Hollywood and Beverly Hills on the west and Wilshire Boulevard on the south. ...


By 1986, as planned, thanks in part to last minute lobbying by SCRTD president Nick Patsaour, a manufactured "compromise" was reached between Congressman Waxman and Representative Julian Dixon. The backroom deal allowed funding to go through as long as it did not pass through his district. With a Wilshire corridor alignment prohibited, the Red line was reprioritized and routed north up Vermont, the next highest projected ridership corridor, to Hollywood. Because of the change in alignment, there is now a 1 mi (1.6 km) stub on Wilshire between Vermont and Western.[11] Diagram of the Metro Red Line. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In the 1960's, similar tactics, were used to stop development of the Beverly Hills Freeway also known as California State Route 2. The Beverly Hills Freeway was the name for a never-built freeway intended to link the Los Angeles districts of Westwood and Echo Park along the route of Santa Monica Boulevard. ... JUNCTION POSTMILE SR-1 LA 0. ...


On October 27th, 2005 hysterical residents and Congressman Waxman's sham ‘concerns’ over the possibility of methane explosions were finally proven to be false by an independent group of experts.[12] By 2007 this along with several other factors such as traffic congestion, lessening racial prejudice, increasingly progressive environmental attitudes, and a reversal by Congressman Waxman himself have rekindled interest in what has come to be known as the Metro Aqua Line [13] [14]


In the following years, several light-rail and subway lines were opened:

  • In 1990, the SCRTD opened the Blue Line, a 22 m (35 km) line that is the region's first modern light rail line.
  • In 1993, the first segment (known as MOS-1 for Minimal Operable Segment 1) [15] of the Red Line opened running from Union Station to MacArthur Park. A year later, the Red Line was extended to Wilshire/Western in Koreatown. Until late 2006 when the Wilshire branch of the Red Line was re-designated as the Purple Line, the Red Line was Los Angeles's only heavy rail subway line and Metro's only mass transit line aligned entirely within Los Angeles's city limits.
  • In 1995, the Green Line opened. It runs from El Segundo to Norwalk mostly in the center median of Interstate 105 also known as the Glenn Anderson Freeway (named for a local Congressman who played a key part in obtaining funding for the Red Line and other transportation projects in the region).

In 1996, the Harbor Transitway opened to traffic. This combination HOV lane/transitway has been a success at gaining carpoolers, but bus ridership has remained low due to poor station placement. The Metro Blue Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a light rail line connecting Downtown Los Angeles at the 7th St/Metro Center station and Downtown Long Beach. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Diagram of the Metro Red Line. ... A view of Union Station familiar to many of downtown Los Angeles visitors. ... Other service Kiss & Ride passenger drop-off area Platforms Island platform Parking None Bicycle facilities 14 Bike Rack Spaces Other information Opened January 30, 1993 Accessible The Westlake/MacArthur Park station was originally the western-most terminus of the Red Line, before the construction of the Wilshire/Western and North... Platforms Island platform Parking None Bicycle facilities 16 Bike Rack Spaces 4 Locker Spaces Other information Opened July 13, 1996 Accessible Wilshire/Western is the Westernmost stop on the Metro Purple Line, located at the intersection of Wilshire Boulevard and Western Avenue. ... Wilshire Boulevard in Koreatown Koreatown is a community of the Wilshire Center district in the Mid-Wilshire area of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Metro Green Line The Metro Green line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a light rail line connecting Redondo Beach and Norwalk. ... The El Segundo skyline, as seen from Sepulveda Boulevard (CA/SR-1) El Segundo is a city in Los Angeles County, California on the Santa Monica Bay, incorporated on January 18, 1917. ... Location of Norwalk in California and Los Angeles County Coordinates: Country United States State California County Los Angeles Incorporated 1957  - City Council Jesse M. Luera (mayor) Rick Ramirez Cheri Kelley Michael Mendez Gordon Stefenhagen Area    - City  9. ... Interstate 105 (abbreviated I-105) is an interstate highway that runs east-west in southern Los Angeles County, California. ... Glenn Malcolm Anderson (February 21, 1913-December 13, 1994) was a Democratic congressman from California. ... The Harbor Transitway as seen from the Harbor Freeway. ...


The SCRTD pioneered experimenting with alternate fuel buses in what the Transit Coalition derisively called "the fuel of the month club."[16] At the start of Metro's existence, there were buses running on ethanol, methanol, regular diesel, low-sulfur (clean) diesel, and CNG. Battery-operated buses and trolleybuses were proposed but never operated in regular service.[17] Ethanol, also known as ethyl alcohol, drinking alcohol or grain alcohol, is a flammable, colorless, slightly toxic chemical compound, and is best known as the alcohol found in alcoholic beverages. ... Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol, carbinol, wood alcohol, wood naptha or wood spirits, is a chemical compound with chemical formula CH3OH. It is the simplest alcohol, and is a light, volatile, colourless, flammable, poisonous liquid with a distinctive odor that is somewhat milder and sweeter than ethanol (ethyl alcohol). ... This article is about the fuel. ... CNG can mean: Compressed natural gas Comfort Noise Generator used in Speech Codecs to insert artificial noise during silent intervals of speech. ... A trolleybus in Arnhem An electric trolleybus (also known as trolley bus or trackless trolley or simply trolley) is a bus powered by two overhead electric wires, from which the bus draws electricity using two trolley poles. ...


Merger

Gateway Plaza Building
Gateway Plaza Building
The LACMTA logo (1993 to 2004)
The LACMTA logo (1993 to 2004)

The SCRTD and LACTC officially merged on April 1, 1993.[18] Initially, the agency retained the locations of the predecessor agencies in Downtown Los Angeles, but later moved to the 25-story Gateway Plaza building adjacent to historic Union Station in 1995. In the wake of local media reports of expensive Italian marble used in its construction resulted in the structure being derisively dubbed the Taj Mahal.[19] Housed within the building is the Dorothy Gray Transportation Library, a comprehensive collection of transportation-related books, videos, and other materials, said to be one of the largest in the nation. The library is open to the public. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1536 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1536 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Logo_mta. ... Image File history File links Logo_mta. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Skyline of downtown Los Angeles Bunker Hill as seen from Los Angeles City Hall Downtown Los Angeles is the central business district of Los Angeles, California, located close to the geographic center of the metropolitan area. ... A view of Union Station familiar to many of downtown Los Angeles visitors. ... Taj Mahal Location of the Taj Mahal within India The Taj Mahal (Devanagari: ताज महल, Nastaliq: تاج محل) is a mausoleum located in Agra, India. ...


In 1994, the United Transportation Union, representing bus drivers, went on strike. At stake here were the issues of wages, insurance, and other necessities. This was settled, with operators and maintenance workers receiving a 4% wage increase initially and a 3.5% one for the second year. They also received considerable improvements in health insurance.[20] The United Transportation Union (UTU) is a labour organization in the United States and Canada representing rail, bus, air travel, and transit system workers and retirees. ...


Employees of the former Los Angeles County Transportation Commission were transferred in December 1996 to the Public Transportation Services Corporation, an independent corporation. PTSC allows former LACTC employees to participate in CalPERS and opt out of Social Security, and permits Metro planning employees to do planning for other agencies, which Metro currently does for Metrolink. Some union members have argued that PTSC is a "sham corporation" designed eventually to outsource Metro jobs. [3] [4] The California Public Employees Retirement System (CalPERS) provides pension fund, healthcare and other retirement services for 1. ... Social Security in the United States is a social insurance program funded through dedicated payroll taxes called FICA (Federal Insurance Contributions Act). ... Metrolink (AAR reporting marks SCAX) is a Regional rail system that serves the Southern California region. ...


Bus Riders Union agreement

When the MTA announced plans for a bus fare increase and the elimination of monthly passes, the Bus Riders Union (BRU) with several co-plaintiff organizations filed a federal lawsuit with lawyers supplied by the NAACP Legal Defense Fund. They charged that the spending of money on rail was "racist" and demanded that more resources go to buses instead of rail projects. The BRU claimed that 50% of rail riders were white compared with 20% of bus riders. It argued that spending on rail projects reduced funding for bus service that disproportionately affected poor and minority riders who were dependent on public transit, and that improvements for the bus system would be more cost effective and require less subsidy than building a rail system. [5] Bus Riders Union and BRU redirect here. ... The NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. ...


In 1996, under the direction of then-L.A. mayor Richard Riordan, the LACMTA signed a ten-year consent decree with the BRU to avoid litigation. Riordan would later state that the signing of this consent decree was a mistake.[citation needed] At the time, the LACMTA board was led to believe from information provided by MTA staff that load factors could be maintained with existing levels of bus service and without impacting the rail construction timetable; this proved false. Richard J. Riordan (born May 1, 1930) is a Republican politician from California, U.S. who served as the California Secretary of Education from 2003–2005 and as Mayor of Los Angeles from 1993–2001. ... DECREE - The judgment or sentence of a court of equity which corresponds to the judgment of a court of law. ...


The agreement required an average of fewer than eight standees on a normal 40-seat bus in a 20-minute period during peak hours and a 60-minute period during the off-peak. It also required the Authority to operate special services designed to better connect the poor with important job centers and medical facilities. Provisions of the decree that restricted Metro's ability to raise fares beyond inflation expired January 1, 2004. Donald Bliss, the Special Master overseeing the consent decree, resigned this position in February 2006. No one has been appointed to take his place. The decree expired on October 29, 2006. The BRU made an attempt to extend the decree, but federal judge Terry Hatter, Jr. denied this motion on October 25. is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Revenue loss

In 1998, frustrated with sinkholes, cost overruns, and perceived mismanagement, 65% of Los Angeles County voters approved a ballot measure sponsored by County Supervisor Zev Yaroslavsky that barred the use of county sales tax money for all future subway projects. Map of California showing Los Angeles County. ... Zev Yaroslavsky served on the Los Angeles City Council from 1975 until 1994, when he was elected to the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors. ...


With the passage of the initiative and a lack of confidence from federal and state agencies, the LACMTA brought in Julian Burke, a turn-around expert from the private sector. His goal was to revive MTA's reputation and stabilize its precarious budgetary condition.[21] He recommended suspension of construction on both the Pasadena Blue Line light rail line to Pasadena and an extension of the Red Line to East L.A. MTA also halted planning for future subway extensions. Construction on the Hollywood and North Hollywood extensions of the Red Line continued as these projects were more than 80% complete.[22] Diagram of the Metro Gold Line. ...


Shortly thereafter, the Amalgamated Transit Union, representing mechanics, service attendants and maintenance workers, went on strike, shutting down virtually all rail and bus operations. The issue this time involved transit zones and the fear that many of MTA's routes would be outsourced. A transit zone is a government agency that operates bus service in a given region with contractors not directly employed by their agency, such as Foothill Transit. The argument some politicians made were that transit zones were more cost effective than MTA service, because drivers could be paid reduced wages. In addition, service would be more aligned with community needs since these zones would be smaller than the existing MTA.[23] Transit zones were proposed for the San Fernando Valley and western San Gabriel Valley. Ultimately, transit zones were killed by a state law that requires them to honor existing union contracts, thus negating any cost savings in labor. The Amalgamated Transit Union (ATU) is a labor union in the United States and Canada, representing workers in the transit system and other industries. ... Foothill Transit is a bus transit company serving routes in the San Gabriel Valley of Greater Los Angeles, California. ... San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. ... San Gabriel Valley within Southern California The San Gabriel Valley is one of the principal valleys of southern California. ...


Concerned about the suspension of the 11% completed Blue Line to Pasadena, Pasadena rail advocates lobbied State Senator Adam Schiff to continue construction. He authored Senate Bill 1847, Chapter 1021. Signed into law in 1998, the bill created the Pasadena Blue Line Construction Authority, an independent authority to complete the suspended light rail line to Pasadena.[24] The law went into force on January 1, 1999. Once completed, the authority turned the line over to LACMTA for operation. The concept was so successful that a similar authority has been established for the Expo Line and the Gold Line extensions. Adam Schiff Adam B. Schiff (born June 20, 1960) is an American politician. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


When it became clear the Pasadena Blue Line would not connect with the Blue Line, as originally planned, the board voted to change the name of the line. Some board members proposed the "Rose Line" in honor of Pasadena's famed annual Tournament of Roses Parade and Rose Bowl game. However, because planned East L.A. extensions of this line would cross communities far from Pasadena, the board renamed it the Gold Line, because California is known as the Golden State, and because of the gold miners in the Pasadena foothills.[25] The Metro Blue Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a light rail line connecting Downtown Los Angeles at the 7th St/Metro Center station and Downtown Long Beach. ... A float from the 2004 Rose Parade A close up of roses used to create a rose bowl parade float. ... The Rose Bowl is a stadium in the Los Angeles suburb of Pasadena, California. ... Welcome sign on Atlantic Boulevard East Los Angeles (often shortened to East L.A. or East Los or in Spanish El Este) is an unincorporated area in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Diagram of the Metro Gold Line. ...


On June 12, 1999, the extension to Hollywood/Vine was completed. is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The entrance to the station is reminiscent of a movie theatre. ...


In the spring of 2000, ground was rebroken on the stalled Pasadena Blue Line, later renamed the Gold Line. Later that year, in June, Metro unveiled the first of 26 planned Metro Rapid bus routes, which were Metro Rapid Lines 720 (Wilshire Blvd./Whittier Blvd.) and 750 (Ventura Blvd.).[26] Metro Rapid 761 Metro Rapid is a bus rapid transit system in Los Angeles County, California, operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. ...


On June 24, 2000, the Red Line reached North Hollywood. Because of the ban on county sales tax for subway construction and the separate federal ban sponsored by Congressman Henry Waxman, which bars the use of federal dollars in the Wilshire Boulevard corridor, the North Hollywood leg is likely to be last extension of the Red Line for at least the next decade. is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Other service Kiss & Ride passenger drop-off area Platforms Red Line: Island platform Orange Line: Side platform Parking 1,101 Park and Ride lot spaces Bicycle facilities 68 Bike Rack Spaces 8 Locker Spaces Other information Opened Red Line: June 24, 2000 Orange Line: October 29, 2005 Accessible North Hollywood... Henry Arnold Waxman (born September 12, 1939 in Los Angeles, California) is an American politician. ... Wilshire Boulevard in the Miracle Mile District, looking east toward Downtown Los Angeles Wilshire Boulevard in Westwood, looking east toward the Millionaires Mile Wilshire Boulevard is one of the principal east-west arterial roads in Los Angeles, California. ...


In response to the arguments made over transit zones, the MTA Board created service sectors on September 26, 2002. There are six service sectors: Gateway Cities, San Fernando Valley, San Gabriel Valley, South Bay, and Westside/Central for bus service, and Metro Rail Operations for rail service. Each service sector has a general manager overseeing the operation of two or three bus yards or the rail system. The bus service sectors each have a Governance Council that oversees the bus routes operating out of each yard and has the responsibility to plan service in each sector within a certain budget, while Metro Rail Operations reports directly to the Metro Board. The service sectors are designed to be more responsive to community input, but since many bus riders ride routes from multiple sectors -- largely because the sectors operate lines that cross into adjacent sectors -- bus riders often do not know which governance council to complain to, a problem that was identified by the California State Auditor.[27] is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The Gateway Cities, shaded in blue (the boundary is approximate) The Gateway Cities of Southern California are those located in southeastern Los Angeles County. ... San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. ... San Gabriel Valley within Southern California The San Gabriel Valley is one of the principal valleys of southern California. ... The South Bay and surrounding regions in Southern California The South Bay is a region in the southwest peninsula of Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... The metropolitan center of the Greater Los Angeles Area (and Southern California) forms an arc stretching west from Downtown Los Angeles to the Pacific Ocean at Santa Monica. ... The Los Angeles County Metro Rail is the mass transit rail system of Los Angeles County. ...


In February 2003, the MTA became the first agency in the nation to use a bus made of composite carbon and polyester fibers. These "Compo Buses" are 2,100 pounds lighter than a regular bus, increase fuel economy, boast a faster acceleration and deceleration rate, and feature reduced maintenance cost. Current Compobuses are the 40-foot 7980-7999 series (NABI 40C-LFW) and the 45-foot 8000-8099 series (NABI 45C-LFW). NABI has decided to discontinue production of the Compobus. Nabi can refer to the Arabic and Hebrew word for Prophet the Korean word for butterfly one of the Nabis, a group of artists in Paris in the 1890s the 2005 Typhoon Nabi North American Bus Industries, a major transit bus manufacturing company Nabi Biopharmaceuticals, a Biopharmaceutical company based in...


On July 26, 2003, the Gold line to Pasadena was completed and turned over to the Metropolitan Transportation Authority for operation. It was completed on time and under budget by the construction authority, although the MTA had to spend an additional $130 million to purchase cars and test the line.[28] On opening weekend, some waited up to three hours to board the trains. Free rides were offered for the first two days of service. is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Diagram of the Metro Gold Line. ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ...


Day Pass

A few months after the Gold Line opened, and for the third time in nine years, the MTA experienced a strike. The Amalgamated Transit Union struck over issues concerning a health insurance trust fund the transit agency pays into and the union manages. The ATU wanted the MTA to contribute more to cover the steeply rising costs of medical care. However, an independent audit showed the union had mismanaged the nearly bankrupt trust fund, making the agency unwilling to contribute more money without getting a managerial stake.[29] The Amalgamated Transit Union (ATU) is a labor union in the United States and Canada, representing workers in the transit system and other industries. ... It has been suggested that Health plan be merged into this article or section. ...


On December 17, 2003, the MTA introduced the "US$3 day pass" and lowered fares from US$1.35 to US$1.25. The day pass allows patrons to get on and off Metro buses and trains as many times as they like within one operational day without paying an additional fare. Also, the MTA limited transfers to non-MTA bus systems.[30] December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Naming changes

After 1991, the agency used the word "Metro" almost exclusively to describe many of its services. The full name of the agency remains the "Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority," the name given to it by the state legislation which brought it into existence.


Along with a new name and logo, the agency decided to change the colors of its buses to clearly identify each vehicle with the type of service it provides:[31]

  • Rapid buses remained their signature dark red, but with an added silver stripe.
  • Local (frequent stop) buses, as well as limited stop buses, were given a California poppy orange.
  • Express (freeway service) buses were given a dark blue.
  • All Metro Rail vehicles will maintain their stainless steel color with various colors of trim or be painted gray.
  • The base color throughout the bus and rail fleet is silver.

The buses are being repainted through their normal multi-year painting cycle, so it will be a few years until all buses will have the new color scheme. To date only two Metro Blue Line rail vehicles have been given the new gray and silver color scheme. Binomial name Eschscholzia californica Cham. ...


Orange Line

Main article: LACMTA Orange Line

On October 29, 2005, the 14 mi (23 km) Orange Line began operation. The US$354 million transitway traverses the San Fernando Valley. It is the region's first bus to operate within its own dedicated right-of-way. Unfortunately, within its first week of operation the at-grade Orange Line experienced three collisions with automobiles, all of which were deemed the fault of automobile drivers who ran red lights. Since the first few weeks of operation accidents on the line have declined significantly. NABI 60-BRT Orange Line bus at Warner Center Transit Hub Side view of the NABI 60-BRT at Warner Center Transit Hub Interior view of the NABI 60-BRT. The Metro Orange Line is a dedicated transitway operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority which began its... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... NABI 60-BRT Orange Line bus at Warner Center Transit Hub Side view of the NABI 60-BRT at Warner Center Transit Hub Interior view of the NABI 60-BRT. The Metro Orange Line is a dedicated transitway operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority which began its... San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. ...


MTA has embarked on various measures to increase visibility of Orange Line Metroliners, including installing white LED strobes on each side of the vehicle to make them appear as if an emergency vehicle was crossing the red-lighted intersections. Drivers' tactics include slowing to approximately 10 mph (16 km/h) at intersections with poor cross-traffic visibility or blindspots. In addition, the police department heavily patrols the route, with officers in marked cruisers and motorcycles distributing red-light citations.


The route continues to enjoy rapidly increasing ridership with each passing week, owing to the relative consistent speed, minimum of stops along the route as well as remarkable scenery along some stretches, most notably the Sepulveda Basin portion of the route, which invokes an enjoyable ride in the country feeling as it passes park land and a sod farm. The project spent many millions of dollars solely in the landscape portion of the budget to produce a truly scenic ride. Many runs are standing room only. MTA continues to add more scheduled runs as well as double dispatching on some departures with more than one metroliner assigned to each scheduled run.


By May 2006, the MTA announced that the Orange Line had 21,828 average daily boardings, nearly reaching the ridership goals that were predicted for 2020. Outside groups have said that the Orange Line has already reached capacity and that it is time to start planning for a light rail line replacement.


Expo Line

Main article: LACMTA Expo Line

In the years following Congressman Waxman's blocking of plans to tunnel a subway through the dense Wilshire corridor, traffic and congestion has risen considerably. The problem was underscored in 2000, when the art collective Heavy Trash group erected eight large signs along public streets announcing the construction of the "Aqua Line," a 15 mi (24 km) subway "connecting downtown to the Westside."[32] The Aqua Line was a hoax, but Heavy Trash's intent was to raise awareness that heavily congested and populated West Los Angeles still lacked rail access. The Metro Expo Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a light-rail line currently under construction in Los Angeles, which will run from Downtown Los Angeles to Culver City and eventually to Santa Monica. ...


The LACMTA has officially proposed the Metro Rail Mid-City/Exposition Light-Rail Transit Project, a light-rail line to begin in Downtown Los Angeles and end in Santa Monica. Local and state sales tax and other funds have been set aside for this project. The Final Environmental Impact Report was approved in December 2005. Surveying of the former freight railway line began on May 30, 2006. The first ground was broken in 2006 on the first phase of the line, which runs from downtown Los Angeles to Culver City. The Metro Expo Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a planned light-rail line in Los Angeles which would run from Downtown Los Angeles to Culver City, and eventually to Santa Monica. ... For other uses, see Santa Monica (disambiguation). ...


Other groups have lobbied for the completion of the originally conceived Wilshire Boulevard subway. The two proposals are not mutually exclusive. Although Waxman's legislation halted construction over safety concerns, Waxman relented in October 2005 after an investigation by experts selected jointly by the congressman and the American Public Transportation Association. The expert panel concluded: The American Public Transportation Association is a Washington, DC based non-profit organization that serves as an advocate for the advancement of public transportation programs and initiatives in the United States since the organizations founding in 1882. ...

By following proper procedures and using appropriate technologies the risk of tunneling would be no greater than other subway systems in the U.S. [6]

In years prior, Waxman had stated that if such a panel deemed tunneling safe in the Mid-Wilshire district, he would authorize legislation that would lift the ban on federal monies being used for subway construction. This has since been done; however, no money has been allocated for future construction of the Wilshire Boulevard subway. Any subway project would require years of planning; either the project will need to compete for federal money with many other projects across the USA, or funds will have to be raised at the local or state levels. This is also problematic due to the aforementioned 1998 Yaroslavsky measure prohibiting use of local sales taxes for underground construction. This may be avoided by through a loophole: the measure forbids use of local money for "new" subway construction, and the Wilshire Boulevard subway was planned well before the 1998 measure.


To recognize the line's ultimate destination to the ocean, the LACMTA has proposed renaming the line the Aqua Line.[33] However, other MTA board members have voiced opposition, suggesting other names such as the "Cardinal Line" or other names.[34] In 2006, apparently in anticipation of extending the subway along Wilshire Boulevard past Western Avenue, the MTA designated a Purple line, which consists of six stations it shares with the Red Line from Union Station to Vermont, as well as the unshared segment from Vermont to Western Avenue in Koreatown.


Future

In July 2006, Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa proposed a free transit week, which was inspired by the San Francisco Bay Area's Spare the Air days of free rides, which helped increase ridership by 10%. This proposal would help reduce traffic congestion and improve the air quality during the free week. In the wake of concerns raised by Metro's police and security heads (citing increased crime during the San Francisco promotion), this was downgraded by Villaraigosa at the September board of directors meeting into a general directive to increase ridership by 30% over the next year. Antonio Ramon Villaraigosa (born Antonio (Tony) Ramon Villar, Jr. ... USGS satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Spare the Air is a program established by the Bay Area Air Quality Management District in 1991 to combat air pollution during the summer in the San Francisco Bay Area, the season when clear skies, hot temperatures, lighter winds, and a strong temperature inversion combine and trap air pollutants near...


In September 2005, Metro broke ground on a 6 mi (10 km) extension of the Gold Line from Union Station, which will run through Little Tokyo to the corner of Pomona and Atlantic Boulevards in East L.A.. The Eastside Gold Line Extension light rail extension replaces a once-planned Red Line subway extension. It will travel mostly at grade, but will have two underground stations. This extension is expected to be completed by 2009. Diagram of the Metro Gold Line. ... The New Otani Hotel is the tallest hotel in the Little Tokyo area. ... Welcome sign on Atlantic Boulevard East Los Angeles (often shortened to East L.A. or East Los or in Spanish El Este) is an unincorporated area in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ...


The renamed Foothill Construction Authority (formerly Metro Blue Line Construction Authority) is in the planning stages of a San Gabriel Valley extension of the Gold Line to the San Bernardino County border city of Montclair. In the latest federal transportation bill, Congress authorized funding to complete the environmental and engineering process to supplement the funding allocated to it by the cities along the proposed route. The authority continues to plan and conduct the environmental review process. San Bernardino County is the largest county in the contiguous United States by area, containing more land than each of nine states. ... Location of Montclair in California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California County San Bernardino Incorporated (city) 1956-04-25 [3] Government  - Mayor Paul M. Eaton [1]  - City Manager Lee C. McDougal [2] Area  - City  5. ...


Construction funding has not been secured, but the extension enjoys strong support from the cities along the route and the local congressional delegation. If construction funding is secured, construction may begin as early as late 2007; with "Phase I" (Pasadena to Azusa) completed by 2010 and "Phase II" (Azusa to Montclair) completed by 2014. Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


The Exposition Metro Line Construction Authority (EMLCA) has been established to construct the first phase of the Expo Line from 7th Street/Metro Center in Downtown Los Angeles to the intersection of Washington and National Boulevards in Culver City. Funding is in place for this first phase, but the as-of-yet unfunded phase two of this project will bring the line to the Santa Monica pier in Santa Monica. Phase I portion of this project went to bid in the spring of 2006. The route of Phase II of the project has yet to be determined. One alternative studied in the past showed the light-rail line continuing as a street tram down Venice Boulevard and turning north on Sepulveda Boulevard to rejoin the former railroad right-of-way at Exposition Boulevard. Another alternative would have the train take the shorter exclusive path along the old railroad right-of-way through Palms/Cheviot Hills/Westside Village/Rancho Park. [7] The Metro Expo Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a planned light-rail line in Los Angeles which would run from Downtown Los Angeles to Culver City, and eventually to Santa Monica. ... The entrance to Metro Center, at night A Long Beach-bound Blue Line train departs 7th/Metro Center Passengers board a North Hollywood-bound Red Line train at 7th/Metro Center 7th Street-Metro Center is a stop on the Red line subway and the terminus of the Blue line. ... Downtown Los Angeles skyline facing northeast toward the San Gabriel Mountains. ... Motto: The Heart of Screenland Location of Culver City in California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1917-09-07 [2] Government  - City Manager Jerry Fulwood [1] Area  - City  5. ... For other uses, see Santa Monica (disambiguation). ...


Metro continues to expand its Metro Rapid bus system with a goal of 28 lines by 2008.[26] A Special Master ruling in December 2005 requires Metro to increase service on all Rapid bus routes to every 10 minutes during the peak period and every 20 minutes during the mid-day and evening. Service would be required to operate between 5 a.m. and 9 a.m. on all Rapid routes. Metro has chosen not to appeal the ruling and began implementation on all Rapid routes in June 2006.


In addition, the agency is embarking on a massive bus restructuring effort entitled Metro Connections. The project is designed to convert the current grid-based bus system, implemented in 1980, to a hub and spoke system focused on activity centers. [8] The system is to be phased in the next four years, and will include new express routes and reconfigured local service. Suburban service and low ridership shuttles will be considered for operation by municipal agencies, restructuring, or cancellation. The Spoke-hub distribution paradigm derives its name from a bicycle wheel, which consists of a number of spokes jutting outward from a central hub. ...


A new Universal Fare System system called 'TAP' which stands for Transit Access Pass is currently in the testing phase and is expected to roll out to the public in late 2007. TAP is currently being used by UCLA students, select businesses (B-TAP program) and Metro staff. This smart card will allow bus and rail passengers to tap their cards on the farebox for faster boarding. TAP readers have already been installed on buses and rail stations next to ticket vending machines. Because Metro Rail is a barrier free system, fare inspectors will be checking to make sure TAP users have validated their card by using a wireless handheld unit. This automated fare system will eventually be implemented on eleven other Los Angeles County transit operators and intends to replace the EZ Pass which allows travel between these transit agencies for one monthly price. Commuters from surrounding cities and communities will be able to travel across the county switching from one transit operator's system to another using one smart card to pay for fares.


Fleet

Main article: Fleet of the LACMTA

Most buses are equipped with monitors for Transit TV broadcasts and to display real-time bus maps to show the location through GPS navigation; the latter is the first of its kind in the United States. Also, as part of Metro's ATMS project, most buses include a marquee displaying the date and time, Automatic Voice Annunciation (AVA) for audio and visual announcements for each stop, and an audio and visual Stop Requested announcement. NABI 40LFW-18 CNG #7596. ...


Most buses operated by First Transit, Transportation Concepts, and Southland Transit have five-digit fleet numbers. Contractors formerly operated some of the 2000-, 2300-, 2500-, 2700-, 3300-, and 4400-series buses; Southland Transit currently operates several 7000-series buses on Lines 266, 270, and 577X. These buses do not feature the ATMS technology that is on Metro-operated buses.


Metro Local buses are painted orange ("California Poppy"), Metro Rapid buses are painted red, and Metro Express buses are painted blue. Metro Local buses acquired prior to the adoption of these colors in 2004 are white with a gold stripe around the bus; these buses will be painted orange during their mid-life rehabilitation (except for the 5300-series New Flyer buses assigned to Metro Rapid lines, which were repainted in red livery in 2004-05). The 7000- and 7600-series buses acquired for Metro Rapid service in 2000 and 2002 are red with a white stripe along the top (7102-7112, 7617-7618, 7628, 7643, 7646 were white with a red Metro Rapid logo on all sides and some of these buses have been repainted to standard red and white and a few have been converted to Metro Local service), but some have been repainted to the current red and silver livery. Most are likely scheduled for repainting beginning in 2007; some have been repainted either in the updated Metro Rapid scheme or in Metro Local colors.


Metro operates the nation's largest fleet of CNG-powered buses. The CNG fleet reduces emissions of particulates by 90%, carbon monoxide by 80%, and greenhouse gases by 20% over the 500 remaining diesel powered buses in the fleet. Alternative fuel buses have logged more than 450 million operating miles since 1993, an industry record. Metro will retire all Diesel buses and become an entirely clean-air fleet by 2008.


Starting December 17, 2006, Metro Local Lines 233 (Van Nuys Blvd.) and 204 (Vermont Ave.) will be the first Metro Local lines to use 60-foot NABI articulated buses, using the 9400-9500 series.


Bus Depots

Under the Metro governance structure, the routes operating out of each depot are supervised by a service sector under the responsibility of a sector general manager and a Governance Council comprised of elected officials, appointed representatives, and transit users from a given area served by each depot. While service sectors have geographical boundaries, in practice they only define where the members of the governance council come from, as most of Los Angeles is served by routes operating out of multiple sectors. For instance, the Olympic Boulevard bus is operated by buses from the San Gabriel Valley sector, despite its entire route being in the Westside or Central Los Angeles areas. A list of routes operating from each sector can be found on the Metro web site.


The Division 3 yard in Lincoln Heights is the oldest bus yard in Metro history. Lincoln Heights may refer to: Lincoln Heights, Los Angeles, California Lincoln Heights, Ohio Lincoln Heights, a neighbourhood in Ottawa This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Most buses show the sector abbreviation and division number affixed on the windows and sides of buses.


Gateway Cities Sector

  • Central City (Division 1) (GC-1) - Sixth Street and Central Avenue
  • Crossroads (Division 2) (GC-2) - 15th Street and San Pedro Street
  • Downey (Division 4, non revenue vehicles only)

San Fernando Valley Sector

  • Chatsworth (Division 8) (SFV-8) - Canoga Av. and Nordhoff St.
  • Sun Valley/East Valley (Division 15) (SFV-15) - Branford St. near Glenoaks Bl., Sun Valley

San Gabriel Valley Sector

  • North Los Angeles (Division 3) (SGV-3) - Avenue 28 and Idell Street, Cypress Park
  • San Gabriel Valley (Division 9) (SGV-9) - Santa Anita Avenue and Ramona Blvd., El Monte

South Bay Sector

  • Arthur Winston/Mid Cities (Division 5) - 54th Street and Van Ness Avenue, Leimert Park
  • South Bay (Division 18) (SB-18) - Griffith St. near Figueroa St., Carson

Westside/Central Sector

  • Venice/Ocean Park (Division 6) (WSC-6) - Sunset Av. and Pacific Av.
  • West Hollywood (Division 7) (WSC-7) - Palm Ave. and Santa Monica Blvd.
  • Gateway (Division 10) (WSC-10) - Mission Rd. and Richmond St., Boyle Heights

Closed Divisions

  • Long Beach Port (Division 12)
  • Riverside (Division 13)
  • Pomona (Division 16)

Other transit services

A freeway service patrol, alternatively known as a motorist assistance patrol, roadway service patrol, or a courtesy patrol, is the umbrella term for a variety of programs implemented by government agencies, typically state Highway Patrols or Departments of Transportation, to reduce traffic congestion and improve highway safety by having specially... Caltrans logo The soaring ramps in the stack interchanges favored by Caltrans often provide stunning views. ... The California Highway Patrol (CHP) is a state agency that acts as the state police force of California. ... A permanent, separated high-occupancy vehicle lane on I-91 in Connecticut A high occupancy vehicle (or HOV) is a transportation engineering and transportation planning term referring to a vehicle with a driver and one or more passengers. ... Cycleway, Bicycle street and Pedestrian/Cyclist bridge in Nuremberg, Germany Segregated cycle facilities may consist of separate roads, tracks, paths or lanes designated for use by cyclists and from which motorised traffic is generally excluded. ... Metrolink (AAR reporting marks SCAX) is a Regional rail system that serves the Southern California region. ... For the urban complex straddling the United States-Mexico border, see Bajalta California. ... Ventura County is part of the Greater Los Angeles Area, located on Californias Pacific coast. ... Map of California showing Los Angeles County. ... San Bernardino County is the largest county in the United States by area, containing more land than 9 states. ... Riverside County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of California, stretching from Orange County to the Colorado River, which is the border with Arizona. ... Cities in Orange County Orange County is a county in Southern California, United States. ... San Diego County is a county located on the Pacific Ocean in the far southwest of California, along the border with Mexico. ...

Funding

A complex mix of federal, state, county and city tax dollars as well as bonds and fare box revenue funds Metro. Funding sources (see footnote for current year budget)

Resources US$ in Millions
Fare Revenue 264
Prop A - 1/2 Cent Sales Tax 575
Prop C - 1/2 Cent Sales Tax 703
Federal Grants 547
State Grants 472
Interest Income/Bonds 179
Other Local Revenue 123
Total Resources US$2.863

[9]


Governance

Metro is governed by a 13-member Board of Directors comprised of:

  • The five Los Angeles County Supervisors
  • The mayor of Los Angeles
  • Three Los Angeles mayor-appointees (two members of the public and one L.A. City Council member)
  • Four city council members from cities in the county other than L.A. representing those 87 cities (selected by the L.A. County City Selection Committee)
  • The Governor of California appoints one non-voting member (traditionally the Director of Caltrans District 7).

Monthly meetings of the Board of Directors are organized and facilitated by Christopher Reyes. Responsibility for local bus service is delegated to five Sector Governance Councils, each governing bus service in a service sector comprised of the bus lines operating from the yards in a given geographical area. There are five sectors: Gateway Cities, San Fernando Valley, San Gabriel Valley, South Bay, and Westside/Central. Members for each governance council are selected by a combination of city councils, councils of governments, and county supervisors representing the area. Many members are local politicians, but each governance council is required to have at least two regular "transit consumers" on their council, which is defined loosely and includes transit riders as well as executives at other transit agencies within the sector. Although the vast majority of the appointees are also members of city councils of cities within the sector, one sector's council -- Metro San Fernando Valley -- is comprised almost entirely of non-elected officials. Governance council members are then confirmed by the Metro Board of Directors, and can be removed from their position as desired by the nominator, or by the Metro Board. Governance councils approve service changes (although the Metro Board reserves ultimate authority over service), review the budget, address complaints about bus service, and provide recommendations to MTA management regarding the employment status of each sector general manager. The Gateway Cities, shaded in blue (the boundary is approximate) The Gateway Cities of Southern California are those located in southeastern Los Angeles County. ... San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. ... San Gabriel Valley within Southern California The San Gabriel Valley is one of the principal valleys of southern California. ... The South Bay and surrounding regions in Southern California The South Bay is a region in the southwest peninsula of Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... The metropolitan center of the Greater Los Angeles Area (and Southern California) forms an arc stretching west from Downtown Los Angeles to the Pacific Ocean at Santa Monica. ...


One consequence of the governance council structure is that Metro can move much more quickly to add or remove service as needed. Therefore, the number of service changes has increased significantly since 2002, when service sectors began. In addition, because of the decentralization of responsibility, this means that bus riders who ride lines in multiple sectors must send multiple letters or attend multiple public hearings to express their concerns about lines that may be cut. Recently, a change was made that permits comments to be delivered to one sector, who will then forward comments to other sectors as appropriate. However, attendees of one sector's public hearing will only hear about the changes in their sector, and will not have the opportunity to speak directly with the staff in the other sectors at that hearing. In addition, each sector can set their own policies regarding public comment, and sectors are not uniform in how service changes are approved.


Communications between sectors and riders was poor, according to a report by the California State Auditor which was released one year into the new structure.[27]


Trivia

  • Star Trek actor George Takei was an appointee in the 1970s of then L.A. Mayor Tom Bradley to the Board of Directors of the Southern California Rapid Transit District, a predecessor to Metro.
  • In the 1970s, RTD used to regularly select a "Miss RTD". These were usually local young office workers who applied for the honor. Display ads on the buses heralded their selection. This is similar to the Miss Turnstile in the MGM movie musical On the Town.
  • Arthur Winston worked for the MTA and its predecessors (going back to the privately-owned Pacific Electric Railway) for 76 straight years and only missed one day of work to attend his wife's funeral. Former U.S President Bill Clinton honored him as the "Employee of the Century." He died less than one month after his retirement and 100th birthday in April 2006.
  • The Patsaouras Transit Plaza outside the MTA headquarters is named after Nicolas Patsaouras, a former MTA Board member who played a key role in building support for construction of the Metro Rail system. Besides his involvement with development Patsaouras currently is a member of the Board of Water and Power Commissioners of the city of Los Angeles.

Metro Local buses appear in the movie Superbad. Although buses have the orange Metro Local colors, due to copyright reasons the Metro logos were not displayed on the buses (although sister agency Culver CityBus appears in the film with its "real" name, and there is one Gillig bus that is in full Metro livery). In addition to this, in August 2007 many Metro Local buses had advertisements for the film. The current Star Trek franchise logo Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment series and media franchise. ... George Hosato Takei (IPA: ) (born April 20, 1937) is an American actor known for his role in the TV series Star Trek, in which he played the helmsman Hikaru Sulu on the USS Enterprise. ... Thomas J. Tom Bradley (December 29, 1917 – September 29, 1998) was the mayor of Los Angeles, California from 1973 to 1993 (five terms) and only the second African American mayor of a major U.S. city. ... On the Town is a musical that opened on Broadway at the Adelphi Theatre on December 28, 1944, with music by Leonard Bernstein, book and lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green, direction by George Abbott, and choreography by Jerome Robbins. ... A picture of Arthur Winston taken at 99 Arthur Winston (March 22, 1906 – April 13, 2006) was a Los Angeles transit employee for 72 years. ... The Pacific Electric Railway main company depot at Sixth Street and Main Street in downtown Los Angeles, circa 1910. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Live Free or Die Hard (released as Die Hard 4. ... The City of Camden is the county seat of Camden County, New Jersey in the United States. ... A Metro Local bus with its trademark orange color A Metro Local bus with the old paint scheme Metro Local is a bus service in Los Angeles County, operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. ... Superbad is a 2007 comedy film written by Seth Rogen and Evan Goldberg. ... Culver CityBus is a public transit agency operating in Culver City, California, currently serving Culver City, the unincorporated community of Marina del Rey, and the adjacent Los Angeles neighborhoods of Venice, Westchester, Westwood, West Los Angeles, Palms, Rancho Park, Mar Vista, and Century City. ... August 2007 is the eighth month of that year. ...


References

  1. ^ a b c Metro Facts at a Glance
  2. ^ APTA Ridership Reports Statistics - United States Transit Agency Totals Index. Retrieved April 4, 2006
  3. ^ metro.net|About Metro. Retrieved April 4, 2006
  4. ^ LA County’s Metro Cited as Nation’s 2006 Outstanding Public Transportation System. Retrieved June 8, 2006
  5. ^ Metro Gets Grant For Purchase of More Clean-Air Buses. Los Angeles County Metro (26 April 2006). Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  6. ^ "Scofflaws Beware: MTA Considers Subway Turnstiles". February 26, 2006. CBS.
  7. ^ metro.net history. Retrieved April 4, 2004.
  8. ^ Southern California Rapid Transit District. 1992. Retrieved April 4, 2006
  9. ^ Berkowitz, Eric. "The Subway Mayor". L.A Times Weekly. August 18, 2005. Retrieved April 4, 2006.
  10. ^ Rep. Henry Waxman - Issues and Legislation - Los Angeles Metro Rail. Waxman, Henry.
  11. ^ http://www.metro.net/riding_metro/riders_guide/rail_info.htm Metro riders guide
  12. ^ [American Public Transportation Association, Review of Wilshire Corridor Tunneling, Los Angeles, California, October 24-27, 2005 http://thetransitcoalition.us/LargePDFfiles/APTA%20Review%20Wilshire%20Corridor%20Rev%201.pdf]
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ [http://www.house.gov/waxman/issues/issues_other_metro_rail.htm
  15. ^ http://www.fta.dot.gov/publications/reports/planning_environment_2682.html Federal Tranist Administration - Planning & Environment Federal Transit Administration. Retrieved August 10, 2006.
  16. ^ "Criswell Predicts." The Transit Coalition. http://thetransitcoalition.us/TTC_Criswell-Predicts.htm
  17. ^ Areli Associates, "Electric Trolleybuses for the LACTMA's Bus System." http://www.mta.net/projects_programs/atvc/1302-Trolleybuses%20for%20LACTMA.pdf
  18. ^ Klugman, Mark. Brief Report: L.A.’s Transit Policing Partnership. Spring 1998. Retrieved April 4, 2006
  19. ^ Simon, Richard. "Urban jewel or height of folly? Lavish new transit center and 26-story office tower next to Union Station will become a civic treasure, MTA officials predict." Los Angeles Times 24 September 1995: 1.
  20. ^ H-Labor United Transportation On-Line Edition. April 1995. Retrieved April 6, 2006.
  21. ^ "Burke vows improved LACMTA bus service". UTU Daily Digest News. October 19, 1998. Retrieved April 5, 2006.
  22. ^ Rabin, Jeffrey. "Subway's Arrival in Valley Ends Long, Costly Journey." Los Angeles Times 18 June 2000: A1.
  23. ^ "Striking Los Angeles transit workers defy union officials and continue walkout". White, Jerry and Mendendez, Carlos. World Socialist Web Site. October 5, 2000. Retrieved April 5, 2006.
  24. ^ Pasadena Metro Blue Line Construction Authority. Electric Railway HIstorical Association of Southern California. Retrieved April 4, 2006.
  25. ^ "Los Angeles MTA renames light rail line". UTU Daily News Digest. December 3, 2001. Retrieved April 4, 2006.
  26. ^ a b Overview of Transportation Topics. Realtor.org. Retrieved April 4, 2006.
  27. ^ a b "Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority: It Is Too Early to Predict Service Sector Success, but Opportunities for Improved Analysis and Communication Exist." page 41, California State Auditor, December 2003. Retrieved May 1, 2006.
  28. ^ Streeter, Kurt, and Tina Daunt. "Hopes for Urban Revival Ride on LA-Pasadena Line." Los Angeles Times 26 July 2003: A1.
  29. ^ Bernstein, Sharon and Kurt Streeter. "MTA Talks Advance." Los Angeles Times 24 October 2003: B1.
  30. ^ "New Metro Day Pass to Provide Customers with Unbeatable Value for Daily Transit Needs". Metro News Pressroom. December 17, 2003. Retrieved April 5, 2006.
  31. ^ "Bold New Look Proposed For Metro Buses, Trains, 'M' Logo." MTA Press Release, June 19, 2003. http://www.mta.net/news_info/archives/2003/06_June/mta_089.htm.
  32. ^ Heavy Trash - BlogSpot
  33. ^ "Consider Color Designation for Metro Rail Project". Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Executive Management and Audit Committee. February 16, 2006. Retrieved April 5, 2006.
  34. ^ Pool, Bob. "MTA Squabbles Over Hue-Mongous Decision". Los Angeles Times. March 23, 2006.

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External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Official

Other Los Angeles Area Governmental Transit Agencies

San Gabriel Valley within Southern California The San Gabriel Valley is one of the principal valleys of southern California. ...

Informational

L.A. Transportation Advocacy Groups

  • The Transit Coalition - pro-rail transit web site advocating the extension of existing Metro Rail lines or proposing new lines.
  • Southern California Transit Advocates - non-profit organization focusing on public transit policy analysis, public education, and political advocacy for public transportation in the entire Southern California region
  • Bus Riders Union - a controversial grass roots pro-bus organization that opposes rail extensions.



  Results from FactBites:
 
Los Angeles County, California: Information from Answers.com (2624 words)
Los Angeles County is a county in California, and the most populous county in the United States, with 9,758,886 residents (as of 2005)[1].
The coastal portion of the county is heavily urbanized, though there is a large expanse of lesser populated desert inland in the Santa Clarita Valley, and especially in the Antelope Valley which encompasses the northeastern parts of the county and adjacent eastern Kern County, lying just north of Los Angeles County.
In the county the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older.
Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Au...: Information from Answers.com (6574 words)
The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (also known as Metro, MTA or LACMTA) is the regional transportation planning and public transportation operating agency for the county of Los Angeles.
The authority also partially funds sixteen municipal bus operators and a wide array of transportation projects including bikeways and pedestrian facilities, local roads and highway improvements, goods movement, Metrolink, Freeway Service Patrol and freeway call boxes within the greater metropolitan Los Angeles region.
Because of the ban on county sales tax for subway construction and the separate federal ban sponsored by Congressman Henry Waxman, which bars the use of federal dollars in the Wilshire Boulevard corridor, the North Hollywood leg is likely to be last extension of the Red Line for at least the next decade.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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