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Encyclopedia > Los Angeles, California
City of Los Angeles
Downtown Los Angeles
Flag of City of Los Angeles
Flag
Official seal of City of Los Angeles
Seal
Nickname: L.A., The City of Angels
Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California
Coordinates: 34°03′N 118°15′W / 34.05, -118.25
State California
County Los Angeles County
Settled September 4, 1781
Incorporated April 4, 1850
Government
 - Type Mayor-Council
 - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa
 - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo
 - Governing body City Council
Area
 - City 498.3 sq mi (1,290.6 km²)
 - Land 469.1 sq mi (1,214.9 km²)
 - Water 29.2 sq mi (75.7 km²)  5.8%
 - Urban 1,667.9 sq mi (4,319.9 km²)
Elevation 233 (city hall) ft (71 m)
Population (2006)
 - City 3,849,378 (US: 2nd)
 - Density 8,205/sq mi (3,168/km²)
 - Metro 12,875,587
 - Demonym Angeleno
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 90001-90068, 90070-90084, 90086-90089, 90091, 90093-90097, 90099, 90101-90103, 90174, 90185, 90189
Area code(s) 213, 310, 323, 424, 661, 818
Website: www.lacity.org/

Los Angeles (IPA: /lɑˈsændʒələs/;or Los Ángeles/los ˈanxeles/ in Spanish) is the largest city in the state of California and the second-largest in the United States.[1] Often abbreviated as L.A., it is rated an alpha world city, having an estimated population of 3.8 million[2] and spanning over 469.1 square miles (1,214.9 square kilometers) in Southern California. Additionally, the Greater Los Angeles metropolitan area is home to nearly 12.9 million[3] people who hail from all over the globe and speak 224 different languages. Los Angeles is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populous and most diverse county[4] in the United States. Its inhabitants are known as "Angelenos" (IPA: /ændʒəˈlinoʊz/). Look up Los Angeles, Los Angelization in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... L.A. may refer to: L.A., a common abbreviation for Los Angeles, California L.A., a common abbreviation for Language Arts L.A., a song by Elliott Smith from his 2000 album Figure 8 Category: ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Central business district. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Los_Angeles,_California. ... The flag of Los Angeles. ... Image File history File links Seal_of_Los_Angeles,_California. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. state. ... United States of America, showing states, divided into counties. ... Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... Los Angeles City Hall The mayor of Los Angeles is the Chief Executive Officer of the City. ... Antonio Ramon Villaraigosa (born Antonio (Tony) Ramon Villar, Jr. ... Rockard John Rocky Delgadillo (born July 15, 1960) is the current City Attorney of Los Angeles, California. ... The Los Angeles City Council meets three times a week in city hall. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Ten most populous cities in the United States Los Angeles San Jose San Diego Phoenix Chicago New York City Houston San Antonio Dallas Philadelphia The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places in the United States. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... PST is UTC-8, highlighted in red. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... North American area code 213 is a state of California telephone area code which was one of the first three area codes created in California in October 1947. ... Area code 310 is the California telephone area code which was split from Area code 213 on November 2, 1991. ... Area code 323 is an area code for telephone dialing which covers, roughly, the area of central Los Angeles (excluding Downtown Los Angeles and immediately adjoining neighborhoods such as Koreatown, Echo Park, and Chinatown). ... Area code 424 is the new area code for the west side of the Los Angeles Metropolitan area. ... North American area code 661 covers the majority of Californias Kern County, as well as part of Los Angeles County. ... The 818 telephone area code consists largely of the San Fernando Valley, in the greater Los Angeles area. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... “World city” redirects here. ... Walt Disney Concert Hall, Frank Gehry, architect The Greater Los Angeles Area, or the Southland, (not to be confused with the Los Angeles Metro Area which includes only Los Angeles and Orange Counties) is the agglomeration of urbanized area around the county of Los Angeles, California, United States. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. ...


Los Angeles was founded in the year 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve as El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles de Porciúncula (The Village of Our Lady, the Queen of the Angels of Porciúncula). It became a part of Mexico in 1821, following its independence from Spain. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican-American War, Los Angeles and California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, thus becoming part of the United States; Mexico retained the territory of Baja California. It was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850 — five months before California achieved statehood. Felipe de Neve was the first Spanish governor of Las Californias, an area which included present day California, Baja California and Baja California Sur. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 25,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 AWOL: 9,200+ 25,000... Baja California Peninsula (highlighted) The Baja California Peninsula or Lower California is a peninsula in the west of Mexico. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of...


Los Angeles is one of the world's centers of culture, technology, media, business, and international trade. It is home to renowned institutions covering a broad range of professional and cultural fields, and it is one of the most substantial economic engines of the United States. Los Angeles also leads the world in producing popular entertainment — such as motion picture, television, video games and recorded music — which forms the base of its international fame and global status. “World city” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Culture (disambiguation). ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ... International trade is the exchange of goods and services across international boundaries or territories. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Computer and video games redirects here. ... The music industry is the industry that creates, performs, promotes, and preserves music. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Los Angeles, California
The old city plaza, 1869

Los Angeles coastal area was first settled by the Tongva (or Gabrieleños) and Chumash Native American tribes thousands of years ago. The first Europeans arrived in 1542 under João Cabrilho, a Portuguese explorer who claimed the area as the City of God for the Spanish Empire; he continued with his voyage and did not establish a settlement.[5] The next contact would not come until 227 years later, when Gaspar de Portola, together with Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. Crespi noted that the site had the potential to be developed into a large settlement.[6] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 313 pixelsFull resolution (1022 × 400 pixel, file size: 75 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Dating from the era of the Pueblo de Los Angeles, The Plaza and Old Plaza Church (Mission Nuestra Señora Reina de los Angeles) in 1869. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 313 pixelsFull resolution (1022 × 400 pixel, file size: 75 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Dating from the era of the Pueblo de Los Angeles, The Plaza and Old Plaza Church (Mission Nuestra Señora Reina de los Angeles) in 1869. ... Gabrieleno Native American women Tongva may also refer to the Tongva language. ... Rafael, a Chumash in the 1800s Pre-contact distribution of the Chumash The Chumash are a Native American people who historically inhabit mainly the southern coastal regions of California, in the vicinity of what is now San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Ventura and Los Angeles counties, extending from Morro Bay... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... João Rodrigues Cabrilho Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo (Portuguese: João Rodrigues Cabrilho) (ca. ... An anachronous map of the overseas Spanish Empire (1492-1898) in red, and the Spanish Habsburg realms in Europe (1516-1714) in orange. ... Gaspar de Portolà i Rovira (1716 – 1784), a soldier, governor of Baja and Alta California (1767–1770), explorer and founder of San Diego and Monterey. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Juan Crespí (1721–1782), was a Spanish missionary and explorer in the Southwest, a Franciscan. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra built the Mission San Gabriel Arcangel near Whittier Narrows, in what is now called San Gabriel Valley.[7] In 1777, the new governor of California, Felipe de Neve, recommended to the viceroy of New Spain that the site noted by Juan Crespi be developed into a pueblo. The town was founded on September 4, 1781, by a group of 44 settlers and was named "El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles Del Río de Porciúncula" ("The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels on the River Porciúncula").[8] These settlers were of Filipino, Native American, African, and Spanish ancestry, with two-thirds being mestizo or mulatto. A majority of the settlers had some African ancestry.[9] The settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820 the population had increased to about 650 residents.[10] Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles.[11] Blessed Junípero Serra (November 24, 1713 – August 28, 1784) was a Majorcan (Spain) Franciscan friar who founded the mission chain in Alta California. ... Mission San Gabriel Arcángel was founded on The Feast of the Birth of Mary (September 8) in 1771. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... San Gabriel Valley within Southern California The San Gabriel Valley is one of the principal valleys of southern California. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province in the name of and as representative of the monarch. ... A map of the former territories of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Our Lady redirects here. ... The Los Angeles River, highlighted in red (on the left). ... Our Lady redirects here. ... The Los Angeles River, highlighted in red (on the left). ... Mestizo is a Spanish term that was formerly used in the Spanish Empire to designate people of mixed European (Spaniard) and Amerindian ancestry living in the region of Latin America. ... Mulatto (Spanish mulato, small mule, person of mixed race, mulatto, from mulo, mule, from Old Spanish, from Latin mÅ«lus. ... Olvera Street Market in December, 2005 Olvera Street is in the oldest part of Downtown Los Angeles, California, and is otherwise known as the birthplace of the City of Angels or El Pueblo de Los Angeles Historic Monument and is a department within the city. ...


New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, and the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican-American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating on on January 13, 1847, with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga. Later, with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848, the Mexican government formally ceded Alta California and other territories to the United States. An anachronous map of the overseas Spanish Empire (1492-1898) in red, and the Spanish Habsburg realms in Europe (1516-1714) in orange. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 25,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 AWOL: 9,200+ 25,000... A Californio was a Spanish-speaking inhabitant of Alta California who lived there when it was a part of Mexico, before it was taken by the United States after the Mexican-American War. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Cahuenga ended the fighting of the Mexican-American War in California. ... The Mexican Cession (red) and the Gadsden Purchase (orange). ... Alta California (Upper California) was formed in 1804 when the province of California, then a part of the Spanish colony of New Spain, was divided in two along the line separating the Franciscan missions in the north from the Dominican missions in the south. ...

Railroads arrived when the Southern Pacific completed its line to Los Angeles in 1876.[12] Oil was discovered in 1892, and by 1923 Los Angeles was producing one-quarter of the world's petroleum.[13] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 582 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 727 pixel, file size: 354 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)The Downtown Los Angeles Skyline, from the Santa Ana Freeway. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 582 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 727 pixel, file size: 354 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)The Downtown Los Angeles Skyline, from the Santa Ana Freeway. ... Skyline of downtown Los Angeles Downtown Los Angeles is the central business district of Los Angeles, California, located close to the geographic center of the metropolitan area. ... Southern California freeways The Santa Ana Freeway is one of the principal freeways in Southern California, connecting Los Angeles, California and its southeastern suburbs. ... railroads redirects here. ... The Southern Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks SP) was an American railroad. ... Petro redirects here. ...


By 1900, the population had grown to more than 100,000 people,[14] putting pressure on the city's water supply.[15] 1913's completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. In 1915, Los Angeles began the annexation of dozens of neighboring communities without water supplies of their own. There are two Los Angeles Aqueducts--the original Los Angeles Aqueduct was designed by William Mulholland (an Irish immigrant who became a self-taught engineer and head of the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power) and completed in 1913 to deliver water from the Owens River to the city... William Mulholland (1855–1935) was a prominent and influential water-services engineer in Southern California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


In the 1920s, the motion picture and aviation industries flocked to Los Angeles. In 1932, with population surpassing one million,[16] the city hosted the Summer Olympics. This period also saw the arrival of exiles from the increasing pre-war tensions of Europe, including Thomas Mann, Fritz Lang, Bertolt Brecht, Arnold Schoenberg, and Lion Feuchtwanger. American cinema has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. ... Aviation encompasses all the activities relating to airborne devices created by human ingenuity, generally known as aircraft. ... The 1932 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the X Olympiad, were held in 1932 in Los Angeles, California, United States. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Thomas Mann, see Thomas Mann (disambiguation). ... Friedrich Christian Anton Fritz Lang (December 5, 1890 – August 2, 1976) was an Austrian-German-American film director, screenwriter and occasional film producer, one of the best known émigrés from Germanys school of Expressionism. ... {{dy justified his choice of form, and from about 1929 on he began to interpret its penchant for contradictions, much as had Eisenstein, in terms of the dialectic. ... Arnold Schoenberg, Los Angeles, 1948 Arnold Schoenberg (pronounced [ˈaːrnɔlt ˈʃøːnbɛrk]) (13 September 1874 – 13 July 1951) was an Austrian and later American composer, associated with the expressionist movement in German poetry and art, and leader of the Second Viennese School. ... Lion Feuchtwanger (pseudonym: J.L. Wetcheek) (7 July 1884 - 21 December 1958) was a German-Jewish novelist who was imprisoned in a French internment camp in Les Milles and later escaped to Los Angeles with the help of his wife, Marta. ...


World War II and the expansion of defense industries brought new growth and prosperity to the city. Thousands of African Americans migrated from Texas, Louisiana and Mississippi to work in these expanding fields. The state also succumbed to war fears, transporting most Japanese American residents from Los Angeles and other cities to distant internment camps for the duration of the war. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Serving from 1999 to 2003, Army General Eric Shinseki of Hawaii became the first Asian American military chief of staff. ... This article is about the usage and history of the terms concentration camp, internment camp and internment. ...


The post-war years saw an even greater boom, as urban sprawl expanded the city into the San Fernando Valley.[17] In 1969, Los Angeles became one of the birthplaces of the Internet, as the first ARPANET transmission was sent from UCLA to SRI in Menlo Park.[18] Urban sprawl, also known as suburban sprawl, is the spreading out of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. ... San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. ... ARPANET logical map, March 1977. ... The University of California, Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public research university located in Los Angeles, California, United States. ... SRI Internationals main campus on Ravenswood Avenue, Menlo Park, California SRI International is one of the worlds largest contract research institutions. ... Menlo Park is a city in San Mateo County, California in the United States of America, in the San Francisco Bay Area. ...


As in other major cities, long-unresolved racial problems erupted in the 1960s and 1970s. Los Angeles grappled with the Watts Riots in 1965, the high school walkout by Chicano students in 1968, and the 1970 Chicano Moratorium, all representative of racial strife within the city. Los Angeles was one of the cities to pass gay rights bills during the 1970s (in 1979 after years of pressure from prominent performing arts members), and the first city where AIDS was discovered and focused upon during the 1980s. The term Watts Riots refers to a large-scale riot which lasted six days in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, in August 1965. ... For other uses, see Chicano (disambiguation). ... The Chicano Moratorium, formally known as the National Chicano Moratorium Committee, was a movement of Chicano anti-war activists that built a broad-based but fragile coalition of Mexican-American groups to organize opposition to the Vietnam War. ... For the LGBT rights article for a particular country, see LGBT rights by country. ... For other uses, see AIDS (disambiguation). ...


Also in the 1980s, Los Angeles became the center of the heavy metal music scene, especially glam metal bands. In 1984, the city hosted the Summer Olympic Games for the second time. It become the most financially successful Olympics in history, and only the second Olympics to turn a profit — the other being the 1932 Summer Olympics, also held in Los Angeles. Heavy metal redirects here. ... Glam metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music that arose in the late 1970s - early 1980s in the United States. ... Poster for the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. ... Music sample: Olympic Fanfare and Theme composed by John Williams for the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles Problems listening to the file? See media help. ...


During the remainder of the 1980s, Los Angeles was plagued by increasing gang violence and police corruption. Racial tensions erupted again in 1992 with the Rodney King controversy and the large-scale riots that followed the acquittal of his police attackers. In 1994, the 6.7 Northridge earthquake shook the city, causing $12.5 billion in damage and 72 deaths. [19] Mara Salvatrucha suspect bearing gang tattoos is handcuffed. ... Police corruption is a specific form of police misconduct sometimes involving political corruption, and generally designed to gain a financial or political benefit for a police officer or officers in exchange for not pursuing, or selectively pursuing, an investigation or arrest. ... Rodney Glen King (born April 2, 1965 in Sacramento, California) is an African-American taxicab driver who, in 1991 was stopped by Los Angeles Police Department officers (Laurence Powell, Timothy Wind, Theodore Briseno and Sergeant Stacey Koon) after being chased for speeding. ... For other uses, see Los Angeles riots (disambiguation). ... The Northridge earthquake occurred on January 17, 1994 at 4:31 AM Pacific Standard Time in Reseda, a neighborhood in the city of Los Angeles, California. ...


Voters defeated efforts by the San Fernando Valley and Hollywood to secede from the city in 2002.[20] In the early 2000s, the Los Angeles City Council adopted the idea of smart growth, in part to combat both growing traffic problems and the lack of open land for development. Restrictions on parking for new development, residential conversions, and the hotel bed tax have been greatly eased to encourage development. This has led to thousands of residential unit conversions in downtown Los Angeles, and major new construction such as the Hollywood and Highland complex, L.A. Live Entertainment District, the Grand Avenue Project, the NBC Universal West Coast headquarters complex, and many new high-rise buildings throughout the city, in what is being termed as "Manhattanization." San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. ... Hollywood redirects here. ... The Los Angeles City Council meets three times a week in city hall. ... Smart growth is a concept and term used by those who seek to identify a set of policies governing transportation and land use planning policy for urban areas that benefits communities and preserves the natural environment. ... Skyline of downtown Los Angeles Downtown Los Angeles is the central business district of Los Angeles, California, located close to the geographic center of the metropolitan area. ... The corner of Hollywood and Highland Hollywood and Highland Center from the west An elephant sculpture high atop the Hollywood and Highland courtyard. ... L.A. Live model facing the Staples Center L.A. Live, (also popularly called Times Square West, and The Los Angeles Sports and Entertainment District) is currently under construction in Downtown Los Angeles, California. ... The Grand Avenue Project along with the Los Angeles Sports and Entertainment District is a project currently under development designed to revive downtown Los Angeles. ... NBC Universal is a media and entertainment conglomerate formed in May 2004 by the combination of General Electrics NBC with Vivendi Universal Entertainment, part of Vivendi Universal. ... High-rise is a 1975 novel by J. G. Ballard. ... The island of Manhattan, where the term manhattanization is derived. ...


Gentrification and urban redevelopment have occurred in many parts of the city, most notably Hollywood, Koreatown, Silverlake, Echo Park and Downtown.[21] Gentrification has recently spilled into the eastern and southern portions of Los Angeles, with announcements of several billion-dollar residential high-rise and commercial center projects. In San Francisco, during the mid-1960s, the bohemian center of the city shifted from the old Beat enclave of North Beach to Haight-Ashbury (pictured) as a response to gentrification. ... Hollywood redirects here. ... For other Koreatowns, see Koreatown. ... Silver Lake is a Los Angeles neighborhood east of Hollywood. ... The lake in Echo Park. ... Skyline of downtown Los Angeles Downtown Los Angeles is the central business district of Los Angeles, California, located close to the geographic center of the metropolitan area. ...


Geography

See also: Los Angeles Basin, Los Angeles County, California, Maps of Los Angeles, California, and List of California area codes

The Los Angeles Basin is the coastal sediment-filled plain located between the peninsular and transverse ranges in southern California in the United States containing the central part of the city of Los Angeles. ... Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. ... These thematic maps (a map without a legend and/or a scale is no longer a map, but only a nice pict) of Los Angeles County California illustrate the different neighborhoods and the contrasting demographics of the diverse county. ... This is a list of area codes in California and when they were created: 209 - Stockton, Modesto, Merced; the northern San Joaquin Valley and the central Sierra Nevada range. ...

Topography

Los Angeles is irregularly shaped and covers a total area of 498.3 square miles (1,290.6 km²), comprising 469.1 square miles (1,214.9 km²) of land and 29.2 square miles (75.7 km²) of water. This makes it the 14th largest city in land area in the United States.[22] The city extends for 44 miles (71 km) longitudinally and for 29 miles (47 km) latitudinally. The perimeter of the city is 342 miles (550 km). It is the only major city in the United States bisected by a mountain range.

View of the Palos Verdes Peninsula with Los Angeles in the distance
View of the Palos Verdes Peninsula with Los Angeles in the distance

The highest point in Los Angeles is Mount Lukens, also called Sister Elsie Peak. Located at the far reaches of the northeastern San Fernando Valley, it reaches a height of 5,080 ft (1,548 m). The major river is the Los Angeles River, which begins in the Canoga Park district of the city and is largely seasonal. The river is lined in concrete for almost its entire length as it flows through the city into nearby Vernon on its way to the Pacific Ocean. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 1. ... Palos Verdes is often used to refer to a group of coastal cities on the Palos Verdes Peninsula in the Los Angeles/South Bay area of California. ... San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. ... The Los Angeles River, highlighted in red (on the left). ... Canoga Park is a district in the western San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California, about 25 miles northwest of downtown LA. For hundreds of years the paft of the far was San Fernando Valley was home to the American Indians of both Fernandeno and Chumash... Location of Vernon, California Vernon is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ...


Geology

Los Angeles is subject to earthquakes due to its location in the Pacific Ring of Fire. The geologic instability produces numerous fault lines both above and below ground, which altogether cause approximately 10,000 earthquakes every year.[23] One of the major fault lines is the San Andreas Fault. Located at the boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate, it is predicted to be the source of Southern California's next big earthquake.[24] Major earthquakes to have hit the Los Angeles area include the 1994 Northridge earthquake, the 1987 Whittier Narrows earthquake, the 1971 San Fernando earthquake near Sylmar, and the 1933 Long Beach earthquake. Nevertheless, all but a few quakes are of low intensity and are not felt.[25] Parts of the city are also vulnerable to Pacific Ocean tsunamis; harbor areas were damaged by waves from the Valdivia earthquake in 1960.[26] This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. ... “The Ring of Fire” redirects here. ... View of the San Andreas Fault on the Carrizo Plain in central California, 35°07N, 119°39W The San Andreas Fault is a geological fault that runs a length of roughly 800 miles (1300 kilometres) through western and southern California in the United States. ...  The Pacific plate, shown in pale yellow The Pacific Plate is an oceanic tectonic plate beneath the Pacific Ocean. ...  The North American plate, shown in brown The North American Plate is a tectonic plate covering most of North America, extending eastward to the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and westward to the Cherskiy Range in East Siberia. ... The Northridge earthquake occurred on January 17, 1994 at 4:31 AM Pacific Standard Time in Reseda, a neighborhood in the city of Los Angeles, California. ... The Whittier Narrows earthquake struck the San Gabriel Valley and surrounding communities of Southern California at 7:42 a. ... The 1971 San Fernando earthquake struck at 6:00:55 a. ... Sylmar is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... The Long Beach earthquake of 1933 took place March 10, 1933 at 5:55 pm Pacific Time, registering 6. ... For other uses, see Tsunami (disambiguation). ...


Climate

The city is situated in a Mediterranean climate or Dry-Summer Subtropical zone (Köppen climate classification Csb on the coast, Csa inland), USDA Zones 8-11, experiencing mild, somewhat wet winters and warm to hot summers. The prevalent warm southerly airflow and the blocking effect of mountains to the north give the city a much warmer climate than would be expected. The average annual temperature is 18.86°C (around 66 °F)[27], much higher than comparable coastal locations at the same distance from the equator elsewhere such as Sydney or Cape Town. Breezes from the Pacific Ocean tend to keep the beach communities of the Los Angeles area cooler in summer and warmer in winter than those further inland; summer temperatures can sometimes be as much as 18 °F (10°C) warmer in the inland communities compared to that of the coastal communities. A few coastal "micro-climates" have never recorded a temperature below freezing. Coastal areas also see a phenomenon known as the "marine layer," a dense cloud cover caused by the proximity of the ocean that helps keep the temperatures cooler throughout the year. When the marine layer becomes more common and pervades farther inland during the months of May and June, it is called May Gray or June Gloom.[28]  Areas with Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin. ... Updated Köppen-Geiger climate map[1] The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Nickname: Motto: Spes Bona (Latin for Good Hope) Location of the City of Cape Town in Western Cape Province Coordinates: , Country Province Municipality City of Cape Town Metropolitan Municipality Founded 1652 Government [1]  - Type City council  - Mayor Helen Zille  - City manager Achmat Ebrahim Area  - Total 2,499 km² (964. ... A marine layer is a cool, moist, foggy layer of air that can be several hundred feet to as much as two thousand feet thick associated with offshore weather patterns. ... June Gloom (also May Gray) is a local term for a Southern California weather pattern that results in overcast skies with low to moderate temperatures during the early summer (sometimes referred to as May Gray when it occurs in late spring). ...

Echo Park as seen with Palm Trees
Echo Park as seen with Palm Trees

Temperatures in the summer can exceed 90°F (32°C), but average summer daytime highs in downtown are 82°F (27°C), with overnight lows of 63°F (17°C). Winter daytime high temperatures reach around 65°F (18°C), on average, with overnight lows of 48°F (10°C) and during this season rain is common. The warmest month is August, followed by July and then September. This somewhat large case of seasonal lag is caused by the influence of the ocean and its latitude of 34° north. The lake in Echo Park. ... Genera Many; see list of Arecaceae genera Arecaceae or Palmae (also known by the name Palmaceae, which is taxonomically invalid. ... Seasonal lag is the phenomenon whereby the date of maximum average air temperature at a geographical location on a planet is delayed until some time after the date of maximum insolation. ...


The median temperature in January is 57°F (13°C) and 73°F (22°C) in August. The highest temperature recorded within city borders was 119.0°F (48.33°C) in Woodland Hills on July 22, 2006;[29] the lowest temperature recorded was 18.0°F (−7.8°C) in 1989, in Canoga Park. The highest temperature recorded for Downtown Los Angeles was 112.0°F (44.4°C) on June 26, 1990, and the lowest temperature recorded was 28.0°F (−2.0°C) on January 4, 1949.[30] Woodland Hills, California in the foreground, including Warner Center. ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Canoga Park is a district in the western San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California, about 25 miles northwest of downtown LA. For hundreds of years the paft of the far was San Fernando Valley was home to the American Indians of both Fernandeno and Chumash... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Rain occurs mainly in the winter and spring months (February being the wettest month), with great annual variations in storm severity. Los Angeles averages 15 inches (385 mm) of precipitation per year. Tornado warnings are also issued, which are extraordinarily rare downtown, though waterspouts are seen during severe storms at beaches. Snow is extraordinarily rare in the city basin, but the mountainous slopes within city limits typically receive snow every year. The greatest snowfall recorded in downtown Los Angeles was 2.0 inches (5 cm) on January 15, 1932.[31] This article is about precipitation. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Weather averages for Los Angeles, California (downtown)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 90 (32) 92 (33) 93 (33) 96 (35) 99 (37) 104 (40) 103 (39) 102 (39) 110 (43) 104 (40) 96 (35) 92 (33) 110 (43)
Average high °F (°C) 65 (18) 66 (18) 68 (20) 70 (21) 73 (22) 76 (24) 84 (29) 82 (27) 81 (27) 77 (25) 73 (22) 68 (20) 73 (22)
Average low °F (°C) 48 (8) 49 (9) 50 (10) 53 (11) 56 (13) 58 (14) 63 (16) 63 (17) 61 (16) 58 (14) 53 (11) 50 (10) 55 (12)
Record low °F (°C) 28 (-2) 34 (1) 38 (3) 41 (5) 43 (6) 50 (10) 54 (12) 51 (10) 50 (10) 46 (8) 40 (4) 30 (-1) 28 (-2)
Precipitation inches (cm) 2.7 (6) 3.1 (7) 2.2 (5) 1.3 (3.3) 0.3 (0.8) 0.1 (0.2) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.2 (0.5) 0.4 (1) 1.1 (2) 2.5 (6) 14 (35)
Source: weatherbase.com[32] Jun 2007

Flora

The Los Angeles area is rich in native plant species due in part to a diversity in habitats, including beaches, wetlands, and mountains. The most prevalent botanical environment is coastal sage scrub, which covers the hillsides in combustible chaparral. Native plants include: California poppy, matilija poppy, toyon, Coast Live Oak, and giant wild rye grass. Many of these native species, such as the Los Angeles sunflower, have become so rare as to be considered endangered. Though they are not native to the area, the official tree of Los Angeles is the tropical Coral Tree and the official flower of Los Angeles is the Bird of Paradise, Strelitzia reginae.[33] Coastal sage scrub is a low scrubland plant community found in the California chaparral and woodlands ecoregion of California and northern Baja California. ... The California chaparral and woodlands is a terrestrial ecoregion of central and southern California (United States) and northwestern Baja California (Mexico), located on the west coast of North America. ... Binomial name Eschscholzia californica Cham. ... Species Romneya coulteri Romneya trichocalyx The Matilija Poppy or Tree Poppy (Romneya Harvey) is a poppy of southern California and northern Mexico, belonging to the Poppy family (Papaveraceae). ... Binomial name Heteromeles arbutifolia (Lindl. ... Binomial name Quercus agrifolia The Coast live oak, Quercus agrifolia, also called the California live oak, is an evergeen oak, highly variable and often shrubby, found in the coastal regions of southwestern North America from Mendocino County, California south to northern Baja California in Mexico. ... Binomial name Torr. ... Binomial name Strelitzia reginae Banks Strelitzia reginae, also known as the Crane Flower or Bird of Paradise, is a beautiful ornamental flower indigenous to South Africa that is cultivated worldwide. ...


Environmental issues

A view of Los Angeles covered in
smog from Mulholland Drive.
Smog on Pasadena Freeway, downtown Los Angeles.

Owing to geography, heavy reliance on automobiles, and the Los Angeles/Long Beach port complex, Los Angeles suffers from air pollution in the form of smog. The Los Angeles Basin and the San Fernando Valley are susceptible to atmospheric inversion, which holds in the exhausts from road vehicles, airplanes, locomotives, shipping, manufacturing, and other sources.[34] Unlike other large cities that rely on rain to clear smog, Los Angeles gets only 15 inches (381 mm) of rain each year. Pollution accumulates over multiple consecutive days. Issues of air quality in Los Angeles and other major cities led to the passage of early national environmental legislation, including the Clean Air Act. More recently, the state of California has led the nation in working to limit pollution by mandating low emissions vehicles.[35] For other uses, see Smog (disambiguation). ... Map of Mulholland Drive (orange) and Mulholland Highway (brown) in Los Angeles County. ... For other uses, see Smog (disambiguation). ... Car redirects here. ... Air pollution is the modification of the natural characteristics of the atmosphere by a chemical, particulate matter, or biological agent. ... For other uses, see Smog (disambiguation). ... The Los Angeles Basin is the coastal sediment-filled plain located between the peninsular and transverse ranges in southern California in the United States containing the central part of the city of Los Angeles. ... Smoke rising in Lochcarron is stopped by an overlying layer of warmer air. ... Great Western Railway No. ... Damaged package The Panama canal. ...


As a result, pollution levels have dropped in recent decades. The number of Stage 1 smog alerts has declined from over 100 per year in the 1970s to almost zero in the new millennium. Despite improvement, the 2006 annual report of the American Lung Association ranks the city as the most polluted in the country with short-term particle pollution and year-round particle pollution.[36][37] In addition, the groundwater is increasingly threatened by MTBE from gas stations and perchlorate from rocket fuel. With pollution still a significant problem, the city continues to take aggressive steps to improve air and water conditions.[38][39] The American Lung Association is a non-profit organization which fights lung disease in all its forms, with special emphasis on asthma, tobacco control and environmental health. It was founded in 1904 to fight tuberculosis as the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis. ... Groundwater is water located beneath the ground surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of lithologic formations. ... Methyl tert-butyl ether, also known as methyl tertiary butyl ether and MTBE, is a chemical compound with molecular formula C5H12O. MTBE is a volatile, flammable and colorless liquid that is immiscible, yet reasonably soluble in water. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Perchlorates are the salts derived from perchloric acid (HClO4). ... Rocket propellants undergo exothermic chemical reactions which produce hot gas which is used by a rocket for propulsive purposes. ...


Cityscape

Panorama of Los Angeles from mountains to ocean as viewed from Mulholland Drive - visible are downtown, Hollywood, Wilshire Blvd, Port of Long Beach, LAX
Panorama of Los Angeles from mountains to ocean as viewed from Mulholland Drive - visible are downtown, Hollywood, Wilshire Blvd, Port of Long Beach, LAX
Hollywood, a well-known district of Los Angeles, often mistaken as an independent city
Hollywood, a well-known district of Los Angeles, often mistaken as an independent city

The city is divided into many neighborhoods, many of which were towns that were annexed by the growing city. There are also several independent cities in and around Los Angeles, but they are popularly grouped with the city of Los Angeles, either due to being completely engulfed as enclaves by Los Angeles, or lying within its immediate vicinity. Generally, the city is divided into the following areas: Downtown Los Angeles, Northeast - including Highland Park and Eagle Rock areas, the Eastside, South Los Angeles (still often colloquially referred to as South Central by locals), the Harbor Area, Hollywood, Wilshire, the Westside, and the San Fernando and Crescenta Valleys. Map of Mulholland Drive (orange) and Mulholland Highway (brown) in Los Angeles County. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1000, 767 KB) Summary Hollywood Boulevard from the top of the Kodak Theatre looking in the direction of downtown in the background. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1000, 767 KB) Summary Hollywood Boulevard from the top of the Kodak Theatre looking in the direction of downtown in the background. ... Hollywood redirects here. ... Downtown Los Angeles skyline This is a list of districts and neighborhoods of the City of Los Angeles // Map depicting boundaries of Los Angeles city Map of Los Angeles in 1970 Los Angeles neighborhoods display a degree of diversity well befitting the second-largest city in the United States. ... Skyline of downtown Los Angeles Downtown Los Angeles is the central business district of Los Angeles, California, located close to the geographic center of the metropolitan area. ... Highland Park is a district in on the East Side of Los Angeles. ... The Eagle Rock Eagle Rock is a neighborhood in northeastern Los Angeles, California. ... Intersection of Eagle Rock Boulevard and Colorado Boulevard. ... South Los Angeles South Los Angeles is the official name for a large geographic and cultural portion lying to the southwest and southeast of downtown Los Angeles, California. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Hollywood redirects here. ... The Wilshire area or region of the City of Los Angeles, California refers to those areas that are centered around Wilshire Boulevard roughly between Hoover St. ... San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. ... The Crescenta Valley is a small inland valley in Los Angeles County, California. ...


Some well-known communities of Los Angeles include West Adams, Watts, Venice Beach, the Downtown Financial District, Los Feliz, Silver Lake, Hollywood, Hancock Park, Koreatown, Westwood and the more affluent areas of Bel Air, Benedict Canyon, Hollywood Hills, Pacific Palisades, and Brentwood. West Adams, also known as Historic West Adams, is a large district located in the center of Los Angeles, California, southwest of Downtown and north of USC. The district is bordered by Pico-Union, Angelus Vista and Harvard Heights on the north, the original South Los Angeles on the east... Watts is a residential district in southern Los Angeles, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Financial District of Downtown Los Angeles as viewed from Bunker Hill The centerpoint of Downtown Los Angeles, the Financial District was built adjacent to and parallel with the redevelopment of Bunker Hill. ... Contemporary view of L.A. from behind the Griffith Observatory in Los Feliz. ... Silver Lake, Los Angeles, California. ... Hollywood redirects here. ... Hancock Park is a wealthy neighborhood in Los Angeles, California. ... For other Koreatowns, see Koreatown. ... High-rise buildings line Wilshire Boulevard through the Westwood area Another view of the Westwood skyline Westwood is a district in western Los Angeles, California, not to be confused with Westwood, California. ... Bel-Air is a neighborhood in the city of Los Angeles, California. ... Benedict Canyon is an area between Studio City and Beverly Hills in Los Angeles. ... The Hollywood Hills, an unofficial designation of part of the City of Los Angeles, California, are part of the eastern section of the low transverse range of the Santa Monica Mountains, which extends from the Los Feliz District and Hollywood, on the south side of the Valley, to Pacific Coast... For the 1997 TV series, see Pacific Palisades (TV series). ... This article is about the neighborhood in Los Angeles. ...


Landmarks

Important landmarks in Los Angeles include Chinatown, Koreatown, Little Tokyo, Walt Disney Concert Hall, Kodak Theatre, Griffith Observatory, Getty Center, Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Grauman's Chinese Theatre, Hollywood Sign, Hollywood Boulevard, Capitol Records Tower, Los Angeles City Hall, Hollywood Bowl, Watts Towers, Staples Center, Dodger Stadium and La Placita Olvera/Olvera Street. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other Koreatowns, see Koreatown. ... The New Otani Hotel is the tallest hotel in the Little Tokyo area. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Kodak Theatre. ... Griffith Observatory, September, 2006. ... The Getty Center, seen from the Central Garden The Getty Center in Los Angeles, California, USA, is the current home of the J. Paul Getty Museum as well as a research institute, conservation institute, grant program, and leadership institute. ... For board track racing circuit, see Los Angeles Coliseum Motordome. ... The Los Angeles County Museum of Art, also known as LACMA, is the official art museum of the County of Los Angeles, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Hollywood sign as it appears today. ... Hollywood Boulevard as taken from the Kodak Theatre Hollywood Boulevard is an avenue in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, United States, beginning at Sunset Boulevard in the east and running northwest to Vermont Avenue, where it straightens out and runs due west to Laurel Canyon Boulevard. ... Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label owned by EMI and located in Hollywood, California. ... Los Angeles City Hall is the center of government in the city of Los Angeles, California. ... Hollywood Bowl in 2005. ... The Watts Towers or Nuestro Pueblo in the Watts district of Los Angeles, California, is a collection of 17 interconnected structures, two of which reach heights of over 99 feet (30 m). ... Staples Center is a multipurpose sports arena in Downtown Los Angeles, California adjacent to the LA Live development. ... Dodger Stadium is a large outdoor baseball stadium in Los Angeles, California at Chávez Ravine. ... Nuestra Señora Reina de los Angeles Asistencia was originally founded in early 1784 within the burgeoning Pueblo de Los Angeles as an asistencia (or sub-mission) to the nearby Mission San Gabriel Arcángel. ... Olvera Street Market in December, 2005 Olvera Street is in the oldest part of Downtown Los Angeles, California, and is otherwise known as the birthplace of the City of Angels or El Pueblo de Los Angeles Historic Monument and is a department within the city. ...

;

Culture

See also: List of people from Los Angeles and List of songs about Los Angeles

The people of Los Angeles are known as Angelenos. Nighttime hot spots include places such as Downtown Los Angeles, Silver Lake, Hollywood, and West Hollywood, which is the home of the world-famous Sunset Strip. The arts and culture of Los Angeles are varied. ... The following notable people were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with the city of Los Angeles, California. ... This is a list of songs about Los Angeles, California: set there, named after a location or feature of the city, named after a famous resident, or inspired by an event in Los Angeles. ... Nickname: WeHo Location of Los Angeles County in California and West Hollywood within Los Angeles County Country United States State California County Los Angeles Incorporated 1984  - City Council John Heilman (mayor) Sal Guarriello John J. Duran Abbe Land Jeffrey Prang Area    - City  1. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Some well-known shopping areas are the Hollywood and Highland complex, the Beverly Center, Melrose Avenue, Robertson Boulevard, Rodeo Drive, 3rd St. Promenade in Santa Monica, The Grove, Westside Pavilion, The Promenade at Howard Hughes Center and Venice Boardwalk.


Media

Main article: Media in Los Angeles
See also: List of television shows set in Los Angeles
See also: List of films set in Los Angeles
The Fox Plaza in Century City, headquarters for 20th Century Fox, is a major financial district for West Los Angeles
The Fox Plaza in Century City, headquarters for 20th Century Fox, is a major financial district for West Los Angeles

The major daily newspaper in the area is The Los Angeles Times; La Opinión is the city's major Spanish-language paper. Investor's Business Daily is distributed from its L.A. corporate offices, which are headquartered in Playa Del Rey. There are also a number of smaller regional newspapers, alternative weeklies and magazines, including the Daily News (which focuses coverage on the San Fernando Valley), LA Weekly, Los Angeles CityBeat, L.A. Record (which focuses coverage on the music scene in the Greater Los Angeles area), Los Angeles magazine, Los Angeles Business Journal, Los Angeles Daily Journal (legal industry paper), The Hollywood Reporter and Variety (entertainment industry papers), and Los Angeles Downtown News. In addition to the English- and Spanish-language papers, numerous local periodicals serve immigrant communities in their native languages, including Armenian, Korean, Persian, Russian, Chinese and Japanese. Many cities adjacent to Los Angeles also have their own daily newspapers whose coverage and availability overlaps into certain Los Angeles neighborhoods. Examples include The Daily Breeze (serving the South Bay), and The Long Beach Press-Telegram. The Media of Los Angeles serves a large population in the Los Angeles area. ... This is a list of television shows set in the Greater Los Angeles area (including Los Angeles and Orange County communities such as Beverly Hills, Santa Monica, Malibu, and Newport Beach). ... This is a list of films set in Los Angeles, California: // Hollywood (1923) Souls for Sale (1923) What Price Hollywood? (1932) A Star Is Born (1937) Double Indemnity (1944) Murder My Sweet (1944) Mildred Pierce (1945) The Big Sleep (1946) The Postman Always Rings Twice (1946) Sunset Boulevard (1950) The... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 598 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 602 pixel, file size: 104 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Fox Plaza, in Century City a major financial district for West Los Angeles. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 598 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 602 pixel, file size: 104 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Fox Plaza, in Century City a major financial district for West Los Angeles. ... Fox Plaza (which was used as Nakatomi Plaza) Fox Plaza is a tall skyscraper (492 ft, 34 floors) in Century City, Los Angeles, California, a local landmark. ... View of the Century City skyline from the Getty Center. ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ... West Los Angeles, also called the Westside, is generally considered to be the portion of Los Angeles, California and its suburbs that lies east of the Pacific Ocean including Brentwood, west of La Brea Avenue (varying definitions set the boundary at Fairfax Avenue or even the eastern border of Beverly... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... La Opinión is a Spanish language daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California and distributed throughout the six counties of Southern California. ... Investors Business Daily is a national newspaper, published Monday through Friday, that covers business and finance. ... Los Angeles Daily News is the second largest circulating daily newspaper of Los Angeles, California. ... San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. ... L.A. Weekly is a free weekly tabloid-sized newspaper (a so-called alternative weekly) in Los Angeles, California. ... Los Angeles CityBeat is a free alternative weekly founded in June of 2003. ... The Greater Los Angeles Area is the suburban area around the city of Los Angeles, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... The Los Angeles Downtown News is a free weekly newspaper in Los Angeles, California, serving the Downtown Los Angeles area. ... The Daily Breeze is a daily newspaper published in Torrance, California by the Copley Press. ... The South Bay and surrounding regions in Southern California The South Bay is a region in the southwest peninsula of Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... The Los Angeles Newspaper Group is an umbrella group of local daily newspapers published in the greater Los Angeles area. ...


The Los Angeles metropolitan area is served by a variety of local television stations and is the second-largest media market in North America, behind New York City. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Los Angeles and New York City are the only two media markets to have all seven VHF allocations possible assigned to them.[40] New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...

Los Angeles Times Headquarters

The city's first television station (and the first in California) was KTLA, which began broadcasting on January 22, 1947. The major network-affiliated television stations in this city are KABC-TV 7 (ABC), KCBS 2 (CBS), KNBC 4 (NBC), KTTV 11 (FOX), KTLA 5 (The CW), and KCOP-TV 13 (MyNetworkTV), and KPXN 30 (i). There are also three PBS stations in the area, including KCET 28, KOCE-TV 50, and KLCS 58. World TV operates on two channels, KNET-LP 25 and KSFV-LP 6. There are also several Spanish-language television networks, including KMEX-TV 34 (Univision), KFTR 46 (TeleFutura), KVEA 52 (Telemundo), and KAZA 54 (Azteca América). KTBN 40 (Trinity Broadcasting Network), is a religious station in the area. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3008x2000, 2223 KB) Summary Los Angeles Times Headquarters. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3008x2000, 2223 KB) Summary Los Angeles Times Headquarters. ... KTLA, channel 5, is a television station in Los Angeles, California. ... KABC-TV, channel 7, is an owned-and-operated television station of the Walt Disney Company-owned American Broadcasting Company, licensed to Los Angeles, California. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... KCBS-TV is the CBS owned and operated television station in the Los Angeles, California area. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... KNBC (Channel 4) is the West Coast flagship station of the NBC television network, serving the Greater Los Angeles Area. ... This article is about the television network. ... KTTV, channel 11, is an owned-and-operated television station of the News Corporation-owned Fox Broadcasting Company, located in Los Angeles, California. ... FOX redirects here. ... KTLA, channel 5, is a television station in Los Angeles, California. ... The CW Television Network, normally abbreviated to The CW, also known as The New CW in its first season of the network, is a television network in the United States launched during the 2006 television season. ... KCOP, channel 13, is a television station in Los Angeles, California. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is a television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation. ... KPXN, licensed to San Bernardino, California broadcasts on analog channel 30 and digital channel 38 in the Los Angeles area. ... ION Television is a broadcast and cable television network first broadcast on August 31, 1998 under the name PAX TV (early on in its development, it was called PaxNet). ... PBS redirects here. ... For the Japanese computer game developer, see Konami Computer Entertainment Tokyo KCET is one of four PBS member stations serving Los Angeles and Southern California, the others being KVCR-TV, KOCE-TV, and KLCS. Broadcasting on channel 28, the studio is located at 4401 West Sunset Boulevard. ... KOCE Channel 50 is an affilliate of the Public Broadcasting Service. ... KLCS Channel 58 is a member station of the Public Broadcasting Service, and is owned by the Los Angeles Unified School District. ... KNET-LP is a low-power television station in Los Angeles, California, owned by the Venture Technologies Group. ... KSFV-LP channel 6 is a low-power television station in San Fernando Valley, owned by the Venture Technologies Group. ... KMEX-TV, Univisión 34 Los Angeles, is the Univision-owned and operated station in Los Angeles and the networks flagship station; although Univisions production studios are located in Miami. ... Univision is a Spanish-language television network in the United States and Puerto Rico. ... TeleFutura is a U.S. Spanish-language broadcast television network owned by Univision with headquarters in Miami, Florida. ... KVEA, Telemundo 52 is an NBC-owned and operated television station in the Los Angeles area, and is the West Coast flagship station of the Telemundo network. ... Telemundo is an American television network based in Hialeah, Florida. ... Ά KAZA-TV is a full-service television station in Avalon, California, broadcasting locally in analog on UHF channel 54 and in digital on UHF channel 47 and serving the Los Angeles metropolitan area as an owned-and-operated station of Azteca América. ... Azteca América is an American Spanish language broadcasting network which is jointly-owned by the Mexican television network TV Azteca and Pappas Telecasting. ... The Trinity Broadcasting Network, or TBN, is the largest Christian religious television network in the world and is headquartered near Los Angeles in Costa Mesa, California with studios near Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex in Irving, Texas and near Nashville in Hendersonville, Tennessee. ...


Several independent television stations also operate in the area, including KCAL-TV 9 (owned by CBS Corporation), KSCI 18 (focuses primarily on Asian language programming), KWHY-TV 22 (Spanish-language), KNLA-LP 27 (Spanish-language), KSMV-LP 33 (variety)—a low power relay of Ventura-based KJLA 57—KPAL-LP 38, KXLA 44, KDOC-TV 56 (classic programming and local sports), KJLA 57 (variety), and KRCA 62 (Spanish-language). KCAL-TV (Channel 9) is an independent station in Los Angeles, California owned by CBS Corporation. ... CBS Corporation (NYSE: CBS, NYSE: CBSA) is an American media conglomerate focused on broadcasting, publishing, billboards, and television production, with most of its operations in the United States. ... KSCI (known on air as LA-18) is an independent television station operating in Los Angeles and on channel 48 (KUAN-LP) in San Diego, California. ... KWHY-TV Channel 22 is a Spanish Independent station, owned by the Telemundo network / NBC Universal, a subsidiary of NBC. // Channel 22 in Los Angeles started life as KBIC in 1954 (but never aired anything but a test pattern). ... KNLA-LP is a low-power television station in Los Angeles, California, owned by the Venture Technologies Group. ... KJLA channel 57, based in West Los Angeles, California, is the home of LATV. KJLA also serves Los Angeles on KSMV-LP channel 33. ... KXLA channel 44 is an independent television station serving Los Angeles, California. ... KDOC-TV (Channel 56) is an independent television station based in Orange County, California (licensed to Anaheim, with studios and offices in Santa Ana). ... KJLA channel 57, based in West Los Angeles, California, is the home of LATV. KJLA also serves Los Angeles on KSMV-LP channel 33. ... KRCA Channel 62 is a television station in the Los Angeles, California metropolitan region which once broadcast Asian programming and home shopping. ...


The city's first radio station was KNX, which began as an experimental station in 1920 and then became a commercially licensed station in December 1921. KNX (1070 kHz) is an all-news radio station in Los Angeles, California. ...


Religion

Los Angeles is home to adherents of many religions, with Roman Catholicism the largest due to the high numbers of Hispanics. Catholic Church redirects here. ... Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ...


The Roman Catholic Archbishop of Los Angeles leads the largest archdiocese in the country.[41] Roger Cardinal Mahony oversaw construction of the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, completed in 2002 at the north end of downtown. Construction of the cathedral marked a coming of age of the Catholic, heavily Latino community. There are numerous Catholic churches and parishes throughout the city. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles (Latin: Archidioecesis Angelorum in California) is a particular church of the Roman Catholic Church in the western region of the United States. ... Roger Michael Cardinal Mahony His Eminence Roger Michael Cardinal Mahony (b. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Built in 1956, the Los Angeles California Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the second largest Mormon temple in the world
Built in 1956, the Los Angeles California Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the second largest Mormon temple in the world

The Los Angeles California Temple, the second largest temple operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, is on Santa Monica Boulevard in the Westwood district of Los Angeles. Dedicated in 1956, it was the first Mormon temple built in California and it was the largest in the world when completed.[42] The grounds includes a visitors' center open to the public, the Los Angeles Regional Family History Center, also open to the public, and the headquarters for the Los Angeles mission. Image File history File linksMetadata Los_Angeles_Temple_1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Los_Angeles_Temple_1. ... The Los Angeles California Temple (formerly the Los Angeles Temple), the tenth operating and the second-largest temple operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, is on Santa Monica Boulevard in the Westwood district of Los Angeles, California. ... For other uses, see The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (disambiguation). ... This article is about the history and use of the word Mormon. For information about the religious beliefs and culture of Mormons, see Mormonism. ... The Los Angeles California Temple (formerly the Los Angeles Temple), the tenth operating and the second-largest temple operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, is on Santa Monica Boulevard in the Westwood district of Los Angeles, California. ... The Salt Lake Temple, operated by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, is the best-known Mormon temple. ... For other uses, see The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (disambiguation). ... JUNCTION POSTMILE SR-1 LA 0. ... High-rise buildings line Wilshire Boulevard through the Westwood area Another view of the Westwood skyline Westwood is a district in western Los Angeles, California, not to be confused with Westwood, California. ... This article is about the history and use of the word Mormon. For information about the religious beliefs and culture of Mormons, see Mormonism. ... A pair of sister missionaries at the Oakland Temple Visitors Center The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) is one of the most active modern practitioners of missionary work, with over 50,000 full-time missionaries worldwide. ...


With 621,000 Jews in the metropolitan area (490,000 in city proper), the region has the second largest population of Jews in the United States.[43][44] Many synagogues of the Reform, Conservative, Orthodox, and Reconstructionist movements can be found throughout the city. Most are located in the San Fernando Valley and West Los Angeles. The area in West Los Angeles around Fairfax and Pico Boulevards contains a large number of Orthodox Jews. The Breed Street Shul in East Los Angeles, built in 1923, was the largest synagogue west of Chicago in its early decades.[45] (It is no longer a sacred space and is being converted to a museum and community center.)[46] The Kabbalah Centre, devoted to one line of Jewish mysticism, is also in the city. American Jews, or Jewish Americans, are Jews who are American citizens or resident aliens. ... San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. ... Welcome sign on Atlantic Boulevard East Los Angeles (often shortened to East L.A. or East Los or in Spanish El Este) is an unincorporated area in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... The Kabbalah Centre is a highly profitable worldwide [1] marketing organization with headquarters in Los Angeles, California that offers a number of products and courses online and through its local centres. ...


The Azusa Street Revival (1906–1909) in Los Angeles was a key milestone in the history of the Pentecostal movement, not long after Christian Fundamentalism received its name and crucial promotion in Los Angeles. In 1909, the Bible Institute of Los Angeles (B.I.O.L.A., now Biola University) The Azusa Street Revival was a Pentecostal revival meeting that took place in Los Angeles, California and was led by William J. Seymour, an African American preacher. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Athanasius · Augustine · Constantine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Calvin · Luther · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Pentecostal... Look up fundamentalism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Biola University is a private evangelical Christian college, located in Southern California that is known for its conservative evangelical theology. ...

The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles
The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles

published and widely distributed a set of books called The Fundamentals, which presented a defense of the traditional conservative interpretation of the Bible. The term fundamentalism is derived from these books. Los Angeles is also a major hub of the house church Movement. Dr. Gabe Veas is one of the leaders of this group, pastoring the house church network known as Authentic LA. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Bible (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see House church (disambiguation). ...


In the 1920s, Aimee Semple McPherson established a thriving evangelical ministry, with her Angelus Temple in Echo Park open to both black and white church members of the Foursquare Church. Billy Graham became a celebrity during a successful revival campaign in Los Angeles in 1949. Herbert W. Armstrong's Worldwide Church of God used to have its headquarters in nearby Pasadena, now in Glendale. Until his death in 2005, Dr. Eugene Scott was based near downtown. Aimee Semple McPherson (October 9, 1890 – September 27, 1944), also known as Sister Aimee or Sister, was a Canadian-born evangelist and media sensation in the 1920s and 1930s; she was also the founder of the Foursquare Church. ... Angelus Temple Angelus Temple is the central house of worship of the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel in the [[Echo Park]] district of Los Angeles, California. ... The lake in Echo Park. ... The International Church of the Foursquare Gospel is an evangelical Pentecostal Christian denomination. ... For other persons named Billy Graham, see Billy Graham (disambiguation). ... Herbert W. Armstrong (July 31, 1892) – January 16, 1986 (aged 93) was the founder of the Worldwide Church of God and an early pioneer of radio evangelism, taking to the airwaves in the 1930s from Eugene, Oregon. ... The Worldwide Church of God (WCG), formerly the Radio Church of God, is a Christian church currently based in Glendora, California, USA. Founded in 1933 by Herbert Armstrong as a radio ministry, the WCG under Armstrong had a significant, and often controversial, influence on 20th century religious broadcasting and publishing... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Nickname: Location of Glendale within Los Angeles County and the State of California. ... For the American tennis player, see Gene Scott (tennis) . William Eugene Scott, also known as Dr. Gene Scott, (August 14, 1929 - February 21, 2005), was a United States pastor and teacher who served for almost 50 years as an ordained minister and religious broadcaster in Los Angeles, California. ...


The Metropolitan Community Church, a fellowship of Christian congregations with a focus on outreach to gays and lesbians, was started in Los Angeles in 1968 by Troy D. Perry. Jack Chick, of "Chick Tracts," was born in Boyle Heights and lived in the area most of his life. Logo of the Metropolitan Community Churches The Metropolitan Community Church (in full, The Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches or UFMCC, or more commonly MCC) is an international fellowship of Christian congregations. ... Troy Perry preaching in 2006 at an MCC Church in Minnesota. ... Jimmy Akins rendition of Jack Chick. ... Chick Publications is an American publishing company run by Jack Chick which produces and markets Protestant fundamentalist pamphlets, DVDs, VCDs, videos, books, and posters. ... Boyle Heights is a district just east of Downtown Los Angeles on the East Side of Los Angeles, California, USA. The neighborhood was once known for its diverse demographics, including large Jewish American, Japanese American & Mexican American populations, as well as Russian American and Yugoslav populations. ...


Because of Los Angeles' large multi-ethnic population, a wide variety of faiths are practiced, including Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Sikhism, Bahá'í, various Eastern Orthodox Churches, Sufism and others. For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Buddhism is a variety of teachings described as a religion[1] or way of life that attempts to identify the causes of human suffering and offer various ways that are claimed to end, or ease suffering. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Zoroastrianism is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ), founded on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev and nine successive gurus in fifteenth century Northern India, is the fifth-largest religion in the world. ... This article is about the generally recognized global religious community. ... Orthodox icon of Pentecost. ... Sufism is a mystic tradition within Islam that encompasses a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to Divine love and the cultivation of the elements of the Divine within the individual human being. ...

Altar deities at a Hindu temple in Los Angeles, devoted to the god, Krishna
Altar deities at a Hindu temple in Los Angeles, devoted to the god, Krishna

Immigrants from Asia for example, have formed a number of significant Buddhist congregations making the city home to the greatest variety of Buddhists in the world. Los Angeles currently has the largest Buddhist population in the United States. There are more than 300 Buddhist temples in Los Angeles. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 657 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Rukmini-Dwarakadisa deities, present at New Dwarka Hare Krishna temple, Los Angeles. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 657 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Rukmini-Dwarakadisa deities, present at New Dwarka Hare Krishna temple, Los Angeles. ... A large clay Ganesha murti at Ganesh Chaturthi festival in Mumbai, 2004 In Hinduism, a murti (Devanagari: मूर्ति) typically refers to an image in which the Divine Spirit is murta, or expressed. ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Buddhism is a variety of teachings described as a religion[1] or way of life that attempts to identify the causes of human suffering and offer various ways that are claimed to end, or ease suffering. ...


Los Angeles has been a destination for Hindu Swamis and Gurus since as early as 1900, including Paramahansa Yogananda (1920). The Self-Realization Fellowship is headquartered in Hollywood and has a private park in Pacific Palisades. Maharishi Mahesh Yogi founded the Transcendental Meditation movement in Los Angeles in the late 1950s. Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Swami playing the Harmonium Swami is a primarily Hindu honorific, loosely akin to master. It is derived from the Sanskrit language and means owner of oneself, denoting complete mastery over instinctive and lower urges. ... For other uses, see Guru (disambiguation). ... Paramahansa Yogananda (Bengali: পরমহংস যোগানন্দ Pôromohôngsho Joganondo, Sanskrit: परमहंस योगानं‍द Paramahaṃsa Yogānaṃda; January 5, 1893–March 7, 1952), born Mukunda Lal Ghosh (Bengali: মুকুন্দ লাল ঘোষ Mukundo Lal Ghosh), was an Indian yogi and guru who introduced many westerners to the teachings of meditation and Kriya Yoga through his book, Autobiography of... Gateway to the Self-Realization Fellowship Temple in Hollywood (Los Angeles, California) The Self-Realization Fellowship is a religious organization founded by Paramahansa Yogananda in 1920 and based in Los Angeles, California. ... Hollywood redirects here. ... For the 1997 TV series, see Pacific Palisades (TV series). ... Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (b. ... // Transcendental Meditation, or TM, is the trademarked name of a meditation technique introduced in 1958 by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1917?-2008). ...


Los Angeles is the home to a number of Neopagans, as well as adherents of various other mystical religions. One wing of the Theosophist movement is centered in Los Angeles, and another is in neighboring Pasadena. Neopaganism or Neo-Paganism is any of a heterogeneous group of new religious movements, particularly those influenced by ancient, primarily pre-Christian and sometimes pre-Judaic religions. ... Theosophy is a word and a concept known anciently, commonly understood in the modern era to describe the studies of religious philosophy and metaphysics originating with Helena Petrovna Blavatsky from the 1870s. ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ...


The Church of Scientology has had a presence in Los Angeles since it opened February 18, 1954. It has several churches and museums in the area, most notably the Celebrity Centre in Hollywood. The Church of Scientology is the largest organization devoted to the practice and the promotion of the Scientology belief system. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar). ... Celebrity Centres are Church of Scientology centers that are open to the public but serve mostly artists and celebrities and other professionals, leaders and promising new-comers in the fields of the arts, sports, management and government, and for those are the people who are sculpting the present into the...


Sports

See also: Sports in Los Angeles

Los Angeles is the home of the Los Angeles Dodgers of Major League Baseball, the Los Angeles Kings of the National Hockey League, the Los Angeles Clippers and Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association, the Los Angeles Sparks of the WNBA, the Los Angeles Riptide of Major League Lacrosse, and the Los Angeles Avengers of the Arena Football League. Los Angeles is also home to the USC Trojans and the UCLA Bruins in the NCAA, both of which are Division I teams in the Pacific-10 Conference. UCLA has more NCAA national championships, all sports combined, than any other university in America. USC has the third most NCAA national championships, all sports combined, in the United States. Several more teams are in the greater Los Angeles media market: the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim of Major League Baseball and the Anaheim Ducks of the National Hockey League are both based in nearby Anaheim; and the Los Angeles Galaxy and Club Deportivo Chivas USA of Major League Soccer are both based in neighboring Carson. Los Angeles consists of many sports teams, the NFL had a great presents with the Rams and Raiders. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1913) Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899... Major Leagues redirects here. ... The Los Angeles Kings are a professional ice hockey team based in Los Angeles, California. ... NHL redirects here. ... Clippers redirects here. ... The Los Angeles Lakers are a National Basketball Association (NBA) team based in Los Angeles, California. ... NBA redirects here. ... The Los Angeles Sparks are a Womens National Basketball Association (WNBA) team based in Los Angeles, California. ... The Womens National Basketball Association (WNBA) is an organization governing a professional basketball league for women in the United States. ... The Los Angeles Riptide is a lacrosse team based in Carson, California. ... Conference American Division Western Year founded 2000 Home arena Staples Center City, State Los Angeles, California Head Coach Ed Hodgkiss ArenaBowl championships none Conference titles none Division titles 1: 2005 Wild Card berths 4: 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007 The Los Angeles Avengers is an Arena Football League (AFL) team based... // USC athletics participates in the NCAA Division I-A Pacific Ten Conference and has won 106 total team national championships, 86 of which are NCAA National Championships. ... The UCLA Bruins are the sports teams for University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). ... The Pacific-10 Conference (Pac-10) is a college athletic conference which operates in the western United States. ... The University of California, Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public research university located in Los Angeles, California, United States. ... The Trojan Shrine, better known as Tommy Trojan located in the center of University of Southern California campus. ... A media market, broadcast market, media region, designated market area, DMA or simply market is a region where the population can receive the same (or similar) television and radio station offerings, and may also include other types of media including newspapers and Internet content. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 11, 26, 29, 30, 42, 50 Name Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim (2005–present) Anaheim Angels (1997-2004) California Angels (1965-1996) Los Angeles Angels (1961-1965) Other nicknames The Halos, The Wings, The Seraphs... Major Leagues redirects here. ... The Anaheim Ducks are a professional mens ice hockey team based in Anaheim, California, USA. They are members of the Pacific Division of the Western Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). ... NHL redirects here. ... Anaheim redirects here. ... Year founded 1995 League Major League Soccer Full name Los Angeles Galaxy Nickname LA Galaxy Stadium The Home Depot Center (HDC) Carson, CA Coach Ruud Gullit Owner Philip Anschutz (AEG) First Game Los Angeles Galaxy 2–1 MetroStars (Rose Bowl; April 13, 1996) Largest Win Dallas Burn 1–8 Los... Year founded 2004 League Major League Soccer Full name Club Deportivo Chivas USA Nickname Chivas, Goats, Goats USA, Baby Chivas, The Red-And-White Stadium The Home Depot Center Carson, CA Coach Preki Owner Jorge Vergara Madrigal First Game Chivas USA 0–2 D.C. United (The Home Depot Center... Major League Soccer (MLS) is a North America professional soccer league. ... Location of Carson in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1968-02-20 [2] Government  - Mayor Jim Dear [1] Area  - City  18. ...

There was a time when the Los Angeles media market boasted two NFL teams, the Rams and the Raiders. Both left the media market in 1995, with the Rams moving to St. Louis and the Raiders heading back to Oakland. Through the 2007-08 season there is no NFL franchise in the Los Angeles market, which is the second-largest city and television market in the United States.[47] Prior to 1995, the Rams called Memorial Coliseum (1946-1979) and Anaheim Stadium (1980-1994) home;[48] and the Raiders played their home games at Memorial Coliseum from 1982 to 1994.[49] Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Dodger Stadium is a large outdoor baseball stadium in Los Angeles, California at Chávez Ravine. ... Major league affiliations National League (1890–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 4, 19, 20, 24, 32, 39, 42, 53 Name Los Angeles Dodgers (1958–present) Brooklyn Dodgers (1932-1957) Brooklyn Robins (1914-1931) Brooklyn Dodgers (1913) Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers (1911-1912) Brooklyn Superbas (1899... NFL redirects here. ... City St. ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... Oakland redirects here. ... The 2007 season of the National Football League (NFL) is the 88th season played by the major professional American football league in the United States. ... A media market, broadcast market, media region, designated market area, DMA or simply market is a region where the population can receive the same (or similar) television and radio station offerings, and may also include other types of media including newspapers and Internet content. ... City St. ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970...


Since the franchise's departures the NFL as an organization, and individual NFL owners, have attempted to relocate a team to the city. Immediately following the 1995 NFL season, Seattle Seahawks owner Ken Behring went as far as packing up moving vans to start play in the Rose Bowl under a new team name and logo for the 1996 season. The State of Washington filed a law suit to successfully prevent the move.[50] In 2003, then NFL Commissioner Paul Tagliabue indicated L.A. would get a new expansion team, a thirty-third franchise, after the choice of Houston over L.A. in the 2002 league expansion round.[51] When the New Orleans Saints were displaced from the Superdome by Hurricane Katrina media outlets reported the NFL was planning to move the team to Los Angeles permanently.[52] Despite these efforts, and the failure to build a new stadium for an NFL team, L.A. is still expected to return to the league through expansion or relocation. City Seattle, Washington Team colors Pacific Blue, Navy Blue, Neon Green, White Head Coach Mike Holmgren Owner Paul Allen General manager Tim Ruskell Mascot Blitz, and Taima the hawk League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1977-2001) AFC West (1977-2001) National Football Conference (1976... Kenneth Eugene Behring (born June 13, 1928[1] in Freeport, Illinois) is a real-estate developer, former owner of the Seattle Seahawks football team, and philanthropist. ... The Rose Bowl is an outdoor football stadium in Pasadena, California, a suburb of Los Angeles. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Paul John Tagliabue (born November 24, 1940 in Jersey City, New Jersey) was the Commissioner of the National Football League. ... City New Orleans, Louisiana Team colors Gold and black Head Coach Sean Payton Owner Tom Benson and Rita Benson LeBlanc General manager Mickey Loomis Mascot Gumbo the dog League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1967–present) Eastern Conference (1967-1969) Capitol Division (1967; 1969) Century Division (1968) National Football Conference... The Louisiana Superdome, often informally referred to simply as the Superdome, The Dome or even the New Orleans Superdome is a large, multi-purpose sports and exhibition facility located in the Central Business District of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ...


Los Angeles has twice played host to the summer Olympic Games, in 1932 and in 1984. When the tenth Olympic Games were hosted in 1932, the former 10th Street was renamed Olympic Blvd. The 1984 Summer Olympics inspired the creation of the Los Angeles Marathon, which has been held every year in March since 1986. Super Bowls I and VII were also held in the city as well as soccer's international World Cup in 1994. Los Angeles applied to represent the USOC in international bidding for the 2016 Summer Olympics, but lost to Chicago. The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... The 1932 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the X Olympiad, were held in 1932 in Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Music sample: Olympic Fanfare and Theme composed by John Williams for the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles Problems listening to the file? See media help. ... Music sample: Olympic Fanfare and Theme composed by John Williams for the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles Problems listening to the file? See media help. ... The Los Angeles Marathon is an annual marathon held in Los Angeles, California since 1986. ... The FIFA World Cup, sometimes called the Football World Cup or the Soccer World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international association football (soccer) competition contested by the mens national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA... The United States Olympic Committee (USOC) is a non-profit organization that serves as the National Olympic Committee (NOC) for the United States and coordinates the relationship between the United States Anti-Doping Agency and the World Anti-Doping Agency and various international sports federations. ... The 2016 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the XXXI Olympiad, is a major international sports and cultural festival to be celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games as governed by the International Olympic Committee. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ...


Beach volleyball and windsurfing were both invented in the area (though predecessors of both were invented in some form by Duke Kahanamoku in Hawaii). Venice, also known as Dogtown, is credited with being the birthplace of skateboarding and the place where roller skating first became popular. Area beaches are popular with parties, sunbathers, surfers, swimmers and barefooters, who have created their own subcultures. For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... A windsurfer with modern gear tilts the rig and carves the board to perform a planing jibe (downwind turn) close to shore in Maui, Hawaii. ... The Big Kahuna redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Skateboarders Skateboarding is the act of riding on and performing tricks with a skateboard. ... Blading redirects here. ... For other uses, see Beach (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Party (disambiguation). ... A woman sunbathing A suntanned arm showing browner skin where it has been exposed. ... For other uses, see Surfing (disambiguation). ... Swimmer redirects here. ... Walking barefoot Going barefoot means not wearing shoes, socks, or other foot covering. ... In sociology, anthropology and cultural studies, a subculture is a set of people with a set of behaviors and beliefs, culture, which could be distinct or hidden, that differentiate them from the larger culture to which they belong. ...

Staples Center, a premier venue for sports and entertainment, is home to five professional sports teams

The Los Angeles area contains varied topography, notably the hills and mountains rising around the metropolis, making Los Angeles the only major city in the United States bisected by a mountain range; four mountain ranges extend into city boundaries. Thousands of miles of trails crisscross the city and neighboring areas, providing opportunities for exercise and wilderness access on foot, bike, or horse. Across the county a great variety of outdoor activities are available, such as skiing, rock climbing, placer mining, hang gliding, and windsurfing. Numerous outdoor clubs serve these sports, including the Angeles Chapter of the Sierra Club, which leads over 4,000 outings annually in the area. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 2. ... Staples Center is a multipurpose sports arena in Downtown Los Angeles, California adjacent to the LA Live development. ... For discussion of land surfaces themselves, see Terrain. ... Hills redirects here. ... For other uses, see Mountain (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... For exotic financial options, see Mountain range (options). ... “Footpath” redirects here. ... U.S. Marine emerging from the swim portion of a triathlon. ... For other uses, see Wilderness (disambiguation). ... Two hikers in the Mount Hood National Forest Eagle Creek hiking Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... Mountain biker riding in the Arizona desert. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Cross-country skiing (skating style) in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. ... Climbers on Valkyrie at the Roaches. ... Miners operate a hydraulic sluice in San Francisquito Canyon, Los Angeles County. ... Hang gliding is one of the windsports. ... A windsurfer with modern gear tilts the rig and carves the board to perform a planing jibe (downwind turn) close to shore in Maui, Hawaii. ... The Sierra Club is an American environmental organization founded on May 28, 1892 in San Francisco, California by the well-known preservationist John Muir, who became its first president. ...


Los Angeles also boasts a number of sports venues, including the Staples Center, a sports and entertainment complex that also hosts concerts and awards shows such as the Grammys. The Staples Center also serves as the home arena for the Los Angeles Clippers and Los Angeles Lakers of the NBA, the Los Angeles Sparks of the WNBA, the Los Angeles Kings of the NHL and the Avengers of the AFL. Staples Center is a multipurpose sports arena in Downtown Los Angeles, California adjacent to the LA Live development. ... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ...


Economy

Further information: Los Angeles County Economy
See also: Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce
Companies such as Ernst & Young, Aon, Manulife Financial, Paul, Hastings, Janofsky & Walker, City National Bank, and the Union Bank of California have offices in the Downtown Financial District
Companies such as Ernst & Young, Aon, Manulife Financial, Paul, Hastings, Janofsky & Walker, City National Bank, and the Union Bank of California have offices in the Downtown Financial District

The economy of Los Angeles is driven by international trade, entertainment (television, motion pictures, recorded music), aerospace, technology, petroleum, fashion, apparel, and tourism. Los Angeles is also the largest manufacturing center in the United States.[53] The contiguous ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach together comprise the most significant port in North America. They are one of the most important ports in the world, and vital to trade within the Pacific Rim.[53] Other significant industries include media production, finance, telecommunications, law, health medicine, and transportation. Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. ... The Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce is southern Californias largest not-for-profit business federation, representing over 1,500 businesses. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Ernst & Young is one of the largest professional services firms in the world, and one of the Big Four auditors, along with PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu (Deloitte) and KPMG. Ernst & Young is a global organization consisting of many member firms. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Manulife Financial (TSX: MFC NYSE: MFC SEHK: 945 PSE: MFC)is a Canadian insurance company. ... Paul, Hastings, Janofsky & Walker LLP, known more commonly as Paul Hastings, is an international law firm with over 1,100 attorneys and 18 offices worldwide. ... City National Bank, headquartered in Beverly Hills, California, is owned by City National Corporation (NYSE: CYN) with total assets of $15. ... Union Bank of California is one of the 25 largest commercial banks in the United States. ... International trade is the exchange of goods and services across international boundaries or territories. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... The music industry is the industry that creates, performs, promotes, and preserves music. ... Look up aerospace in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, making by hand) is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale. ... General Information Founded December 9, 1907 Coordinates  - Latitude  - Longitude 33º4239 N 118º1459 W Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 7500 acres 4200 acres 3300 acres Available Berths 270 Vessel Arrivals 2,813 (FY 2004) Annual container volume 7. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles County Government  - Mayor Bob Foster Area  - City  65. ... North American redirects here. ... The USS Abraham Lincoln Battle Group along with ships from Australia, Chile, Japan, Canada, and Korea speed towards Honolulu in RIMPAC 2000. ... The field of finance refers to the concepts of time, money and risk and how they are interelated. ... Copy of the original phone of Alexander Graham Bell at the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris Telecommunication is the assisted transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... For the chemical substances known as medicines, see medication. ...


Until the mid-1990s, Los Angeles was home to many major financial institutions in the western United States. Mergers meant reporting to headquarters in other cities. For instance, First Interstate Bancorp merged with Wells Fargo in 1996, Great Western Bank merged with Washington Mutual in 1998, and Security Pacific Bank merged with Bank of America in 1992. Los Angeles was also home to the Pacific Exchange, until it closed in 2001. First Interstate Bancorp was a bank based in the United States that was taken over in 1996 by Wells Fargo. ... An older Wells Fargo branch, located in Berkeley, California Wells Fargos corporate headquarters and main branch Wells Fargo & Co. ... Great Western Bank (previously known as Great Western Savings & Loan) was a large consumer bank that operated primarily n the Western United States. ... “WaMu” redirects here. ... Security Pacific National Bank (SPNB) was a large US bank headquartered in Los Angeles, California. ... Bank of America (NYSE: BAC TYO: 8648) is the largest commercial bank in the United States in terms of deposits, and the largest company of its kind in the world. ... The Pacific Exchange is a regional stock exchange located in San Francisco, California. ...


The city has six major Fortune 500 companies, including aerospace contractor Northrop Grumman, energy company Occidental Petroleum, healthcare provider Health Net, homebuilding company KB Home, metals distributor Reliance Steel & Aluminum, and real estate group CB Richard Ellis. The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... The Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) is an aerospace and defense conglomerate that is the result of a 1994 merger between Northrop and Grumman. ... Oxy headquarters in Westwood, CA Occidental Petroleum Corporation (Oxy) NYSE: OXY is an international oil and gas exploration and production company with operations in the United States, Middle East/North Africa and Latin America regions. ... Health Net (Health Net Inc. ... KB Home is a housing construction company based in the United States, founded in 1957. ... CB Richard Ellis Group, Inc. ...


The University of Southern California (USC) is the city's largest private sector employer.[54] The Trojan Shrine, better known as Tommy Trojan located in the center of University of Southern California campus. ...

Companies such as Citigroup, Wells Fargo, KPMG, U.S. Bancorp, Bank of America, and Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu have offices on Downtown's Bunker Hill
Companies such as Citigroup, Wells Fargo, KPMG, U.S. Bancorp, Bank of America, and Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu have offices on Downtown's Bunker Hill

Other companies headquartered in Los Angeles include 20th Century Fox, Latham & Watkins, Univision, Metro Interactive, LLC, Premier America, Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher, Guess?, O'Melveny & Myers; Paul, Hastings, Janofsky & Walker LLP, Tokyopop, The Jim Henson Company, Paramount Pictures, Robinsons-May, Sunkist Growers, Incorporated, Fox Sports Net, Capital Group, 21st century Insurance, L.E.K. Consulting, and The Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 246 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Downtown LAs office skyscrapers. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 246 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Downtown LAs office skyscrapers. ... Citi redirects here. ... An older Wells Fargo branch, located in Berkeley, California Wells Fargos corporate headquarters and main branch Wells Fargo & Co. ... KPMG is one of the largest professional services firms in the world. ... It has been suggested that Firstar Corporation be merged into this article or section. ... Bank of America (NYSE: BAC TYO: 8648) is the largest commercial bank in the United States in terms of deposits, and the largest company of its kind in the world. ... Deloitte & Touche (also referred to as Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu, and branded as Deloitte. ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ... Latham & Watkins LLP is one of the most prestigious and largest international law firms in the world, currently employing more than 1,900 attorneys based in the U.S., Europe and Asia. ... Univision is a Spanish-language television network in the United States and Puerto Rico. ... Premier America is a credit union headquartered in Chatsworth, California. ... Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher is an international law firm, founded in Los Angeles in 1890. ... This article is about the clothing line. ... OMelveny & Myers LLP is an international law firm based in Los Angeles, California. ... For the music movie, see Tokyo Pop. ... Jim Hensen Company in Los Angeles The Jim Henson Company is an American company founded in 1958 by puppeteer Jim Henson, creator of The Muppets. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... Robinsons-May was a chain of department stores operating in Southern California, Arizona and Las Vegas, Nevada, previously with headquarters in North Hollywood, California. ... Sunkist Growers, Incorporated is a citrus growers non-stock membership cooperative comprised of 6000 members from California and Arizona. ... Fox Sports Net headquarters in Los Angeles. ... The Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf is a Los Angeles, California-based coffee chain, owned and operated by International Coffee & Tea, LLC. The company was founded by Mona and Herbert Hyman. ...


The metropolitan area contains the headquarters of companies who moved outside of the city to escape its taxes but keep the benefits of proximity.[55] For example, Los Angeles charges a gross receipts tax based on a percentage of business revenue, while many neighboring cities charge only small flat fees.[56] The companies below benefit from their proximity to Los Angeles, while at the same time avoiding the city's taxes (and other problems). Some of the major companies headquartered in the cities of Los Angeles county are Shakey's Pizza (Alhambra), Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (Beverly Hills), City National Bank (Beverly Hills), Hilton Hotels (Beverly Hills), DIC Entertainment (Burbank), The Walt Disney Company (Fortune 500 – Burbank), Warner Bros. (Burbank), Countrywide Financial (Fortune 500 – Calabasas), THQ (Calabasas), Belkin (Compton), Sony Pictures Entertainment (parent of Columbia Pictures, located in Culver City), Computer Sciences Corporation (Fortune 500 – El Segundo), DirecTV (El Segundo), Mattel (Fortune 500 – El Segundo), Unocal Corporation (Fortune 500 – El Segundo), DreamWorks (Glendale), Sea Launch (Long Beach), ICANN (Marina del Rey), Cunard Line (Santa Clarita), Princess Cruises (Santa Clarita), Activision (Santa Monica), and RAND (Santa Monica). Shakeys Pizza is a pizza restaurant chain based in the United States. ... Location of Alhambra within Los Angeles County, California. ... Pickford Center for Motion Picture Study in Hollywood, California Founded on May 11, 1927 in California, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) is a professional honorary organization dedicated to the advancement of the arts and sciences of motion pictures. ... Beverly Hills redirects here. ... City National Bank, headquartered in Beverly Hills, California, is owned by City National Corporation (NYSE: CYN) with total assets of $15. ... Entrance of the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills, California Beverly Hilton Hotel viewed from Wilshire Boulvard Hilton is a brand of the Hilton Hotels Corporation, based in Beverly Hills, California. ... The DIC Incredible World logo used from the late 2001-present. ... For the community in Santa Clara County, California, see Burbank, Santa Clara County, California. ... Disney redirects here. ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... “WB” redirects here. ... Countrywide Financial Corporation (NYSE: CFC) is a diversified financial marketing and service holding company engaged primarily in residential mortgage banking and related businesses. ... Location of Calabasas in California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1991-04-05[2] Government  - Mayor James Bozajian[1] Area  - City  13. ... THQ Inc. ... Belkin International, Inc. ... Nickname: Location of Compton in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles Government  - Mayor Eric Perrodin Area  - Total 10. ... Sony Pictures Entertainment, Inc. ... The Columbia Pictures logo from 1993 to the present Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. ... CSCs headquarters in El Segundo CSCs branch office in HITEC City Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC) NYSE: CSC is an information technology (IT) and business services company headquartered in El Segundo, California, USA. Its stated mission is to help clients achieve strategic goals and profit from the use of... El Segundo is also the name of a champion Australian racehorse. ... A standard DirecTV satellite dish with 1 LNB on a roof DirecTV (trademarked as DIRECTV) is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service based in El Segundo, California, USA, that was founded in 1994. ... Mattel headquarters in El Segundo Mattel Inc. ... Union Oil Company of California, dba Unocal was incorporated in California in 1890. ... This article is about the film studio. ... Nickname: Location of Glendale within Los Angeles County and the State of California. ... Sea Launch command ship Sea Launch Commander Sea Launch is a spacecraft launch service that uses a mobile sea platform for equatorial launches of commercial payloads on specialized Zenit 3SL rockets. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles County Government  - Mayor Bob Foster Area  - City  65. ... ICANN headquarters ICANN (IPA /aɪkæn/) is the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. ... Marina del Rey (Spanish for Navy of the King, or Seacoast of the King) is a census-designated place seaside community located in an unincorporated area of Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... The Cunard Line, formerly Cunard White Star Line, is a British cruise line, operator of ocean liners RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) and RMS Queen Mary 2 (QM2). ... Location of Santa Clarita in California and Los Angeles County Coordinates: , Country United States State California County Los Angeles Incorporated December 15, 1987 Government  - Mayor Marsha McLean  - Mayor Pro-Tem Bob Kellar  - City Council Frank Ferry Laurene Weste TimBen Boydston  - City Manager Ken Pulskamp Area  - City  47. ... Princess Cruises logo Princess Cruises is an American cruise line, based out of Santa Clarita, California, that operates cruise ships also shares the same building with Cunard Line headquarters. ... Activision, Inc. ... For other uses, see Santa Monica (disambiguation). ... The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit global policy think tank first formed to offer research and analysis to the United States armed forces. ...


The L.A. area is also home to the U.S. headquarters of all but two of the major Asian automobile manufacturers. Further, virtually all the world's automakers have design and/or tech centers in the L.A. region. Downtown Los Angeles is also the home of the Los Angeles Convention Center which hosts many popular events.


Demographics

As of the census[57] of 2000, there were 3,694,820 people, 1,275,412 households, and 798,407 families residing in the city. The population density was 7,876.8 people per square mile (3,041.3/km²). There were 1,337,706 housing units at an average density of 2,851.8 per square mile (1,101.1/km²). Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ...

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1850 1,610
1860 4,385 172.4%
1870 5,728 30.6%
1880 11,183 95.2%
1890 50,395 350.6%
1900 102,479 103.4%
1910 319,198 211.5%
1920 576,673 80.7%
1930 1,238,048 114.7%
1940 1,504,277 21.5%
1950 1,970,358 31.0%
1960 2,479,015 25.8%
1970 2,816,061 13.6%
1980 2,966,850 5.4%
1990 3,485,398 17.5%
2000 3,694,820 6.0%
Est. 2006 3,849,378 4.2%

Los Angeles has become a multiethnic/racially diverse city, with major new groups of Latino and Asian immigrants in recent decades. The racial makeup of the city was 46.9% White (29.7% White/non-Hispanic[58]), 8.24% African American, 10.0% Asian, 0.8% Native American, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 25.9% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races. 46.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).[59] 42.2% spoke English, 41.7% Spanish, 2.4% Korean, 2.3% Tagalog, 1.7% Armenian, 1.5% Chinese (including Cantonese and Mandarin) and 1.3% Persian as their first language.[60] Since the mid-1980s, Los Angeles has been a minority-majority city. The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The term multiculturalism generally refers to a state of both cultural and ethnic diversity within the demographics of a particular social space. ... The term white American (often used interchangeably and incorrectly with Caucasian American[2] and within the United States simply white[3]) is an umbrella term that refers to people of European descent residing in the United States. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Pacific Islands (or Pacific Person, pl: Pacific People, also called Oceanic[s]), is a geographic term used in several places, such as New Zealand and the United States, to describe the inhabitants of any of the three major sub-regions of Oceania. ... Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Hispanic (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ; Latin: , adjective from Hispānia, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula) is a term that historically denoted relation to the ancient Hispania and its peoples. ... For other uses see Latino Latino as a demonym is variously defined in English language dictionaries as:[1][2][3] a person of Latin-American or Spanish-speaking descent a Latin American A person of Hispanic, especially Latin-American, descent, often one living in the United States Latin inhabitant of... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... This article is about all of the Cantonese (Yue) dialects. ... Map of eastern China and Taiwan, showing the historic distribution of Mandarin Chinese in light brown. ... Farsi redirects here. ... “Native Language” redirects here. ... Majority-minority state is a term used to describe a U.S. state in which a majority of the states population differs from the national majority population. ...


According to the census, 33.5% of households had children under 18, 41.9% were married couples, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 28.5% of households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size 3.56. Matrimony redirects here. ... Averages redirects here. ...


The age distribution was: 26.6% under 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 or older. The median age was 32. For every 100 females there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.


The median income for a household was $36,687, and for a family was $39,942. Males had a median income of $31,880, females $30,197. The per capita income was $20,671. 22.1% of the population and 18.3% of families were below the poverty line. 30.3% of those under the age of 18 and 12.6% of those aged 65 or older were below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate standard of living. ...


Los Angeles is home to people from more than 140 countries speaking at least 224 different identified languages.[61] Ethnic enclaves like Chinatown, Historic Filipinotown, Koreatown, Little Armenia, Little Ethiopia, Tehrangeles, Little India, Little Tokyo, and Thai Town provide examples of the polyglot character of Los Angeles. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Historic Filipinotown, is a district of Los Angeles, California, located between Westlake and Echo Park. ... For other Koreatowns, see Koreatown. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Little Ethiopia refers to the stretch of Fairfax Avenue on the West Side of Los Angeles, California between Olympic and Pico boulevards. ... Persian shops along Westwood Blvd. ... Artesia is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... The New Otani Hotel is the tallest hotel in the Little Tokyo area. ... Thai Town is a neighborhood of Los Angeles centered along Hollywood Boulevard between Normandie Avenue and Western Avenue in Hollywood. ... Bilingual redirects here. ...


Government

The city is governed by a mayor-council system. The current mayor is Antonio Villaraigosa. There are 15 city council districts. Other elected city officials include the City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo and the City Controller Laura N. Chick. The city attorney prosecutes misdemeanors within the city limits. The district attorney, elected by county voters, prosecutes misdemeanors in unincorporated areas and in 78 of the 88 cities in the county, as well as felonies throughout the county. The Los Angeles Civic Center (where city hall is located) is the largest grouping of government buildings in the U.S., outside of Washington D.C. Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... Los Angeles City Hall The mayor of Los Angeles is the Chief Executive Officer of the City. ... Antonio Ramon Villaraigosa (born Antonio (Tony) Ramon Villar, Jr. ... The Los Angeles City Council meets three times a week in city hall. ... Rockard John Rocky Delgadillo (born July 15, 1960) is the current City Attorney of Los Angeles, California. ... Laura N. Chick (1952-) is the current Los Angeles City Controller. ...


The Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) polices the city of Los Angeles, but the city also maintains four specialized police agencies; The Office of Public Safety, within the General Services Department (which is responsible for security and law enforcement services at city facilities, including City Hall, city parks and libraries, the Los Angeles Zoo, and the Convention Center), the Port Police, within the Harbor Department (which is responsible for land, air and sea law enforcement services at the Port of Los Angeles), the Los Angeles City Schools Police department which handles law enforcement for all city schools, and the Airport Police, within the Los Angeles World Airports Department (which is responsible for law enforcement services at all four city-owned airports, including Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), LA/Ontario International Airport (ONT), LA/Palmdale Regional Airport (PMD), and Van Nuys Airport (VNY), (the busiest general aviation airport in the country). LAPD and L.A.P.D. redirect here. ... LAX and KLAX redirect here. ... The terminal at ONT This article is about an airport in California in the United States. ... LA/Palmdale Regional Airport (IATA: PMD, ICAO: KPMD), also United States Air Force Plant 42, is an airport in the city of Palmdale in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Van Nuys Airport (IATA: VNY, ICAO: KVNY, FAA LID: VNY) is a public airport located in Van Nuys, California in the San Fernando Valley, within the Los Angeles city limits. ...


LAPL, Los Angeles Public Library System and the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) are among the largest such institutions in the country. LAUSD is the second largest school district in the United States; only the New York City Department of Education is larger. The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power provides service to city residents and businesses. The Los Angeles Public Library (LAPL) system serves the residents of Los Angeles, California. ... The Los Angeles Unified School District (the LAUSD) is the largest (in terms of number of students) public school system in California and the second-largest in the United States. ... The Official Seal of the City of New York The New York City Department of Education is the branch of municipal government in New York City that manages the citys public school system. ... Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) is the largest municipal utility in the United States, serving 3. ... In economics, a business is a legally-recognized organizational entity existing within an economically free country designed to sell goods and/or services to consumers, usually in an effort to generate profit. ...


The San Fernando Valley and Hollywood area attempted an unsuccessful campaign of secession in 2002.[citation needed]The campaign to defeat secession was led by then Mayor James Hahn.[citation needed] James Kenneth Jim Hahn (born July 3, 1950) is an American politician from the Democratic Party. ...


Neighborhood councils

See also: List of elected officials in Los Angeles and List of mayors of Los Angeles, California

Voters created Neighborhood Councils in the Charter Reform of 1999. First proposed by City Council member Joel Wachs in 1996, they were designed to promote public participation in government and make it more responsive to local needs. This is a list of elected officials serving the city of Los Angeles, California. ... This is a list of mayors of Los Angeles, California. ... Joel Wachs served as Los Angeles City Councilman for the 2nd district. ...


The councils cover districts which are not necessarily identical to the traditional neighborhoods of Los Angeles.


Almost ninety neighborhood councils (NCs) are certified and all "stakeholders" — meaning anyone who lives, works or owns property in a neighborhood — may vote for members of the councils' governing bodies. Some council bylaws allow other people with a stake in the community to cast ballots as well. A corporate stakeholder is a party who affects, or can be affected by, the companys actions. ...


The councils are official government bodies and so their governing bodies and committees must abide by California's Brown Act, which governs the meetings of deliberative assemblies. The Brown Act, officially known as the Ralph M. Brown Act (California Government Code Sections 54950-54963), authored by Ralph M. Brown, a Central Valley assemblyman representing Turlock, was enacted in 1953 by the California State Legislature in an effort to safeguard the publics right to access and participate...


The first notable concern of the neighborhood councils collectively was the opposition by some of them in March 2004 to an 18% increase in water rates by the city's Department of Water and Power. This led the City Council to approve only a limited increase pending independent review. More recently, some of the councils petitioned the City Council in summer 2006 to allow them to introduce ideas for legislative action, but the City Council put off a decision.


The neighborhood councils have been allocated $50,000 each for administration, outreach and approved neighborhood projects.


Crime and safety

See also: Crime in Los Angeles, California
The LAPD during May Day 2006 in front of the new Caltrans District 7 Headquarters
The LAPD during May Day 2006 in front of the new Caltrans District 7 Headquarters

Los Angeles has been experiencing significant decline in crime since the mid-1990s, and hit a record low in 2007, with 392 homicides. Criminality peaked in 1992 with 72,667 recorded acts of violence — of which 1,096 were homicides — and 245,129 recorded property crimes. The year before, Los Angeles recorded 1,025 murders. The distribution of homicides in the city is uneven with nearly half of them occurring in the four stations of the South Bureau of the LAPD encompassing South Los Angeles and the Harbor area. The LAPD makes live crime statistics available on the LAPD crimestats and epolice web site. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3264x2448, 3701 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Los Angeles Police Department Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3264x2448, 3701 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Los Angeles Police Department Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... LAPD and L.A.P.D. redirect here. ... This article is about the holidays celebrated on May 1. ...


Current mayor Antonio Villaraigosa is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition,[62] an organization formed in 2006 and co-chaired by New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg and Boston mayor Thomas Menino. The Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition is a coalition of mayors from 225 different United States cities, with a stated goal of making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born 14 February 1942) is an American businessman, founder of Bloomberg L.P., and the current Mayor of New York City. ... Boston redirects here. ... Thomas Michael Menino (born December 27, 1942) is the current mayor of Boston, Massachusetts, United States and the citys first Italian-American mayor. ...


Many movies and songs about Los Angeles depict the notion that the city is home to a large number of gangsters and professional criminals. According to a May 2001 Drug Threat Assessment by the National Drug Intelligence Center, Los Angeles County is home to 152,000 gang members organized into 1,350 gangs.[63] Among the most infamous are the Crips, Bloods, 18th Street, Florencia 13, Mara Salvatrucha, Cyclones13 and Surenos street gangs. This has led to the city being referred to as the "Gang Capital of America."[64] Car chases happen more often than in most other major cities, with the city's complex freeway system allowing for lengthier pursuits. For other uses, see Gangster (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Crime (disambiguation). ... Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. ... The blue bandanas worn by most Crip gangs. ... The Bloods are one of the Los Angeles, California street gangs. ... 18th Street Gang, also known as Eighteen St, is a Los Angeles-based largely Hispanic street gang and is consider a Sureno gang. ... Mara Salvatrucha refers to large gangs in Central America and the United States and Canada. ... The Sureños, or Sur for short, are a Hispanic street gang with origins in Southern California, connected with the Mexican Mafia prison organization. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Education

Colleges and universities

There are three public universities located within the city limits: California State University, Los Angeles (CSULA), California State University, Northridge (CSUN) and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Image File history File linksMetadata RHall. ... The University of California, Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public research university located in Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Image File history File links Doheny Library File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Trojan Shrine, better known as Tommy Trojan located in the center of University of Southern California campus. ... Image File history File linksMetadata CSULA_002. ... California State University, Los Angeles (also known as Cal State L.A., CSULA, or CSLA) is a public university, part of the California State University system. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... California State University, Northridge (also known as CSUN, Cal State Northridge, or C-Sun) is a public university in the San Fernando Valley, within the city limits of Los Angeles, California, USA. Part of the California State University system, CSUN was founded in 1958 as San Fernando Valley State College... Image File history File links Bluff25. ... Loyola Marymount University (LMU) is a comprehensive co-educational private Roman Catholic Jesuit university in Los Angeles, California, USA. The University is one of 28 member institutions of the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities and one of five Marymount institutions of higher education. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1632x1224, 830 KB)Photographed and uploaded by user:Geographer. ... Occidental College is a small private coeducational liberal arts college located in Los Angeles, California. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 300 × 236 pixelsFull resolution (300 × 236 pixel, file size: 34 KB, MIME type: image/png) Mount St. ... For other uses, see Mount St. ... The American Jewish University, formerly the separate institutions University of Judaism and Brandeis-Bardin Institute, is a Jewish, non-denominational and highly eclectic institution. ... California State University, Los Angeles (also known as Cal State L.A., CSULA, or CSLA) is a public university, part of the California State University system. ... California State University, Northridge (also known as CSUN, Cal State Northridge, or C-Sun) is a public university in the San Fernando Valley, within the city limits of Los Angeles, California, USA. Part of the California State University system, CSUN was founded in 1958 as San Fernando Valley State College... The University of California, Los Angeles (generally known as UCLA) is a public research university located in Los Angeles, California, United States. ...


Private colleges in the city include the American Film Institute Conservatory, Alliant International University, American InterContinental University, American Jewish University, The American Musical and Dramatic Academy - Los Angeles campus, Antioch University's Los Angeles campus, Art Center College of Design (Art Center), Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science, Fashion Institute of Design & Merchandising's Los Angeles campus (FIDM), Los Angeles Film School, Loyola Marymount University (LMU is also the parent university of Loyola Law School located in Los Angeles), Mount St. Mary's College, National University of California, Occidental College ("Oxy"), Otis College of Art and Design (Otis), Southern California Institute of Architecture (SCI-Arc), Southwestern Law School, and University of Southern California (USC). American Film Institute Campus. ... Alliant International University is an independent, not-for-profit, upper-division university formed in July 2001 as a result of a merger between California School of Professional Psychology (CSPP) and United States International University (USIU). ... American InterContinental University Los Angeles Campus is a location of American InterContinental University Location: 12655 W. Jefferson Blvd. ... The American Jewish University, formerly the separate institutions University of Judaism and Brandeis-Bardin Institute, is a Jewish, non-denominational and highly eclectic institution. ... The American Musical and Dramatic Academy, or AMDA, is a school for the performing arts located New York City, New York, with a satellite campus in Los Angeles, California. ... Antioch University is a six-campus American university with campuses in four states. ... Photo of Art Center during the night. ... Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science is a private, non-profit school founded in 1966 in response to inadequate medical facilities within the Watts region of Los Angeles, California, USA. Later, the institution became a University and changed its name in order to reflect its new academic role. ... The Fashion Institute of Design & Merchandising or FIDM is a two-year accredited, private college located in California that offers Associate of Arts degrees in Merchandise Marketing, Merchandise Product Development, Beauty Industry Merchandising & Marketing, Graphic Design, Flim & Television Production, Interior Design, Fashion Design, Visual Communications, Apparel Manufacturing Management, and Textile... The Los Angeles Film School was founded by Hollywood professionals who recognised the need for a new kind of film school, one that balanced the practical with the academic. ... Loyola Marymount University (LMU) is a comprehensive co-educational private Roman Catholic Jesuit university in Los Angeles, California, USA. The University is one of 28 member institutions of the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities and one of five Marymount institutions of higher education. ... Loyola Law School is the graduate law school of Loyola Marymount University, a private Jesuit school in Los Angeles, California. ... For other uses, see Mount St. ... A national university is a university created or run by a national government and might or might not be autonomous from government interference. ... Occidental College is a small private coeducational liberal arts college located in Los Angeles, California. ... Otis College of Art and Design is a four year art and design college located in Los Angeles, California. ... The Southern California Institute of Architecture, founded in 1972 by Ray Kappe, is an independent institute granting undergraduate and graduate degrees in Architecture. ... The Bullocks Wilshire Building on the campus of the Southwestern University School of Law The Southwestern University School of Law (also known as Southwestern Law School) is a private ABA-accredited law school located in Los Angeles, California, with about 1000 students at a campus that includes the Bullocks Wilshire... The Trojan Shrine, better known as Tommy Trojan located in the center of University of Southern California campus. ...


The community college system consists of nine campuses governed by the trustees of the Los Angeles Community College District: East Los Angeles College (ELAC), Los Angeles City College (LACC), Los Angeles Harbor College, Los Angeles Mission College, Los Angeles Pierce College, Los Angeles Valley College (LAVC), Los Angeles Southwest College, Los Angeles Trade-Technical College and West Los Angeles College. Santa Monica College in the adjacent city of Santa Monica is operated by the Santa Monica Community College District.[65] East Los Angeles College is a community college, of the Los Angeles Community College District, located in the Los Angeles suburb of Monterey Park. ... The LACC location in 1922, when it was the campus of UCLA. Los Angeles City College, known as LACC, is a public community college in the Hollywood section of Los Angeles, California. ... Los Angeles Harbor College (LAHC) is one of two community colleges serving the South Bay region of Los Angeles. ... Los Angeles Mission College Los Angeles Mission College is a Community College,of the Los Angeles Community College District, that serves mainly the San Fernando Valley. ... The farm at Los Angeles Pierce College Los Angeles Pierce College, also known as Pierce College or Pierce, is a two-year community college that serves over 18,500 students in Woodland Hills, a community within the San Fernando Valley district of the City of Los Angeles. ... LAVC redirects here. ... Los Angeles Southwest College is a community college located in the South Los Angeles section of Los Angeles, California, USA. LASC was established in 1967, two years after the Watts riots, in response to one of the complaints of both officials and citizens--that not enough was being done to... Los Angeles Trade Technical College is a public community college located in the south of Downtown Los Angeles and the north of University of Southern California. ... West Los Angeles College or West L.A. College is a public community college located in Culver City, California. ... Santa Monica College is a two-year public community college located in Santa Monica in Los Angeles County, California. ... For other uses, see Santa Monica (disambiguation). ...


Schools and libraries

See also: Los Angeles County, California#Colleges and universities and List of high schools in Los Angeles County, California
The Los Angeles Central Library in Downtown Los Angeles
The Los Angeles Central Library in Downtown Los Angeles

Los Angeles Unified School District serves almost all of the city of Los Angeles, as well as several surrounding communities, with a student population over 800,000.[66] After Proposition 13 was approved in 1978, urban school districts had considerable trouble with funding. LAUSD has become known for its underfunded, overcrowded and poorly maintained campuses, although its 162 Magnet schools to help compete with local private schools.[67] Several small sections of Los Angeles are in the Las Virgenes Unified School District. Los Angeles County Office of Education operates the Los Angeles County High School for the Arts. The Los Angeles Public Library system operates 72 public libraries in the city.[68] Los Angeles County is a county in California and is by far the most populous county in the United States. ... This is a list of high schools in Los Angeles County, California. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Skyline of downtown Los Angeles Downtown Los Angeles is the central business district of Los Angeles, California, located close to the geographic center of the metropolitan area. ... The Los Angeles Unified School District (the LAUSD) is the largest (in terms of number of students) public school system in California and the second-largest in the United States. ... Proposition 13, officially titled the Peoples Initiative to Limit Property Taxation, was a ballot initiative to amend the constitution of the state of California. ... In the U.S. system of education, a magnet school is a public school which offers innovative courses, specialized training, etc. ... Las Virgines Unified School District (LVUSD) is a K-12 school district in north-west Los Angeles County consisting of 14 public schools in the cities of Agoura Hills, Calabasas, and Westlake Village. ... Los Angeles County High School for the Arts (LACHSA) is a public high school that operates on the campus of California State University, Los Angeles. ... The Los Angeles Public Library (LAPL) system serves the residents of Los Angeles, California. ...


Transportation

High-capacity freeway interchange in Los Angeles
High-capacity freeway interchange in Los Angeles

Los Angeles has 27 intertwining freeways handling millions of commuters on a daily basis. Los Angeles is the most car-populated metropolis in the world with 1 registered automobile for every 1.8 people.[citation needed] ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2032x976, 497 KB) Freeway interchange in Los Angeles, California. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2032x976, 497 KB) Freeway interchange in Los Angeles, California. ... High-capacity freeway interchange in Los Angeles, California. ... Los Angeles, California, is the center of an intercity hub, transporting passengers and shipping intermodally between sea, land, and air ports. ...


Public transportation

The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority and other agencies operate an extensive system of bus lines, as well as subway and light rail lines across Los Angeles County, with a combined daily ridership of 1.7 million.[69]. With 1.4 million daily boardings, the ridership on Los Angeles' bus network is second only to that of New York. The city's subway system is the ninth busiest in the United States and its light rail system is the third most ridden in the country. This article is about the present transit agency. ... Autobus redirects here. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... The following is a list of rapid systems transit in the United States, ranked by ridership. ... The following is a list of all light rail systems in the United States, ranked by ridership. ...

Union Station is the prime railway station in the city
Union Station is the prime railway station in the city

Nevertheless, given the population of the city, Los Angeles' mass transit system does not have high ridership, averaging 276,900 trips a day, a mere 0.4% of the 65 million daily commutes.[70]. Altogether, 11% of Los Angeles commuters use public transit (including both bus and rail),[71] compared with 54% and 38% in New York and Washington, D.C., respectively. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (812x1024, 398 KB)Carol M. Highsmith Collection at the Library of Congress Carol M. Highsmith Rights and Restrictions Information Ms. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (812x1024, 398 KB)Carol M. Highsmith Collection at the Library of Congress Carol M. Highsmith Rights and Restrictions Information Ms. ... A view of Union Station familiar to many of downtown Los Angeles visitors. ...



The rail system includes the Red and Purple subway lines, as well as the Gold, Blue, and Green light rail lines. The Orange Line, although a bus rapid transit line rather than a rail line, is usually considered part of the system. The Metro Rapid buses are a bus rapid transit program with stops and frequency similar those of a light rail. The Metro Red Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a heavy rail rapid transit line in Los Angeles. ... The Metro Purple Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a heavy rail metro line in Los Angeles. ... The Metro Gold Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a light rail line in Los Angeles County. ... The Metro Blue Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a light rail line connecting Downtown Los Angeles at the 7th St/Metro Center station and Downtown Long Beach. ... The Metro Green Line is a light rail line in Los Angeles County that connects the cities of Manhattan Beach, El Segundo, Hawthorne, Lynwood, South Gate, Los Angeles and Norwalk. ... The Metro Orange Line is a dedicated transitway operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority which began its operation on October 29, 2005. ... This article is about high-capacity bus transit systems. ... Image:MetroRapid761 GettyCenterS e. ... This article is about high-capacity bus transit systems. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ...


An extension of the Gold Line running from Downtown to East Los Angeles is currently under construction, and is expected to open in late 2009. A second extension from Pasadena into the foothills is being considered. Also in the works is the new Expo Line, which will run from Downtown into Culver City. Construction of this line is expected to finish in the summer of 2010. Plans of a second phase extending the line into Santa Monica are currently being assessed. Momentum is slowly building to extend the Purple Line under Wilshire Boulevard all the way to the ocean in Santa Monica, extending the city's public transportation system further. Welcome sign on Atlantic Boulevard East Los Angeles (often shortened to East L.A. or East Los or in Spanish El Este) is an unincorporated area in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... This article or section seems not to be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... The Metro Expo Line of the Los Angeles County Metro Rail is a light-rail line currently under construction in Los Angeles, which will run from Downtown Los Angeles to Culver City and eventually to Santa Monica. ... Motto: The Heart of Screenland Location of Culver City in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1917-09-07 [2] Government  - City Manager Jerry Fulwood [1] Area  - City  5. ...


Metrolink Commuter rail connects Los Angeles' historic Union Station to far-flung suburbs of Ventura, San Bernardino, Riverside, Orange, and San Diego Counties. Metrolink (AAR reporting marks SCAX) is a Regional rail system that serves the Southern California region. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... A view of Union Station familiar to many of downtown Los Angeles visitors. ... Ventura County . ... San Bernardino County is the largest county in the contiguous United States by area, containing more land than each of nine states. ... Riverside County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of California, stretching from Orange County to the Colorado River, which is the border with Arizona. ... Cities in Orange County Orange County is a county in Southern California, United States. ... San Diego County is a county located on the Pacific Ocean in the far southwest of the U.S. state of California, United States along its border with Mexico. ...


Intercity passenger service is provided by Amtrak. Rail shipping is handled by Union Pacific Railroad and BNSF Railway. The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Union Pacific redirects here. ... The BNSF Railway (AAR reporting marks BNSF), headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, is one of the four remaining transcontinental railroads and one of the largest railroad networks in North America (only one competitor, the Union Pacific Railroad, is larger in size). ...


Air transportation

LAX, the fifth busiest airport in the world
LAX, the fifth busiest airport in the world

The Los Angeles metropolitan area is served by more airports than any other city in the world.[72][not in citation given] There are six commercial airports and many more general-aviation airports. The main Los Angeles airport is Los Angeles International Airport (IATA: LAX, ICAO: KLAX). The fifth busiest commercial airport in the world and the third busiest in the United States, LAX handled over 61 million passengers and 2 million tons of cargo in 2006.[73] LAX and KLAX redirect here. ... LAX and KLAX redirect here. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ...


Other major nearby commercial airports include:

The world's busiest general-aviation airport is also located in Los Angeles, Van Nuys Airport (IATA: VNY, ICAO: KVNY).[74] An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... The terminal at ONT This article is about an airport in California in the United States. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... Bob Hope Airport (IATA: BUR, ICAO: KBUR, FAA LID: BUR) is a public airport located three miles (5 km) northwest of the central business district of Burbank, a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... Long Beach Municipal Airport is located in Long Beach, California, and to a degree, serves Los Angeles, California and Orange County, California. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... John Wayne Airport (IATA: SNA, ICAO: KSNA, FAA LID: SNA) is located four miles (6 km) south of the central business district of Santa Ana, in an unincorporated area of Orange County, California. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... LA/Palmdale Regional Airport (IATA: PMD, ICAO: KPMD), also United States Air Force Plant 42, is an airport in the city of Palmdale in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... The Santa Clarita Valley is the valley of the Santa Clara River in Southern California. ... A truck passes eastbound along the busy Highway 58 through the Antelope Valley. ... Van Nuys Airport (IATA: VNY, ICAO: KVNY, FAA LID: VNY) is a public airport located in Van Nuys, California in the San Fernando Valley, within the Los Angeles city limits. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ...


Harbors

A view of the Vincent Thomas Bridge reaching Terminal Island
A view of the Vincent Thomas Bridge reaching Terminal Island

The Port of Los Angeles is located in San Pedro Bay in the San Pedro neighborhood, approximately 20 miles (30 km) south of Downtown. Also called Los Angeles Harbor and WORLDPORT LA, the port complex occupies 7,500 acres (30 km²) of land and water along 43 miles (69 km) of waterfront. It adjoins the separate Port of Long Beach. Vincent Thomas Bridge Source: http://www. ... Vincent Thomas Bridge Source: http://www. ... The Vincent Thomas Bridge is a 1,500-foot long suspension bridge crossing the Los Angeles Harbor linking San Pedro, California with Terminal Island. ... General Information Founded December 9, 1907 Coordinates  - Latitude  - Longitude 33º4239 N 118º1459 W Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 7500 acres 4200 acres 3300 acres Available Berths 270 Vessel Arrivals 2,813 (FY 2004) Annual container volume 7. ... San Pedro Bay is an inlet on the Pacific Ocean coast of southern California, United States. ... San Pedro is connected to Los Angeles by a thin strip of land called the Harbor Gateway which roughly follows the 110 freeway. ... Skyline of downtown Los Angeles Downtown Los Angeles is the central business district of Los Angeles, California, located close to the geographic center of the metropolitan area. ... The Port of Long Beach is the second busiest seaport in the United States and the tenth busiest port in the world. ...


The sea ports of the Port of Los Angeles and Port of Long Beach together make up the Los Angeles – Long Beach Harbor. There are also smaller, non-industrial harbors along L.A.'s coastline. Most of these like Redondo Beach and Marina del Rey are used primarily by sailboats and yachts. Safety is provided at the only beach controlled by Los Angeles City by the highly trained Los Angeles City Lifeguards. General Information Founded December 9, 1907 Coordinates  - Latitude  - Longitude 33º4239 N 118º1459 W Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 7500 acres 4200 acres 3300 acres Available Berths 270 Vessel Arrivals 2,813 (FY 2004) Annual container volume 7. ... The Port of Long Beach is the second busiest seaport in the United States and the tenth busiest port in the world. ... For other uses, see Redondo Beach. ... Marina del Rey (Spanish for Navy of the King, or Seacoast of the King) is a census-designated place seaside community located in an unincorporated area of Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Diagram of Sailboat, in this case a typical monohull sloop with a bermuda or marconi rig. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


The Port of Los Angeles along with the Port of Long Beach comprise the largest seaport complex in the United States and the fifth busiest in the world. General Information Founded December 9, 1907 Coordinates  - Latitude  - Longitude 33º4239 N 118º1459 W Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 7500 acres 4200 acres 3300 acres Available Berths 270 Vessel Arrivals 2,813 (FY 2004) Annual container volume 7. ... The Port of Long Beach is the second busiest seaport in the United States and the tenth busiest port in the world. ...


The port includes four bridges: the Vincent Thomas Bridge, Henry Ford Bridge, Gerald Desmond Bridge, and Commodore Schuyler F. Heim Bridge. The Vincent Thomas Bridge is a 1,500-foot long suspension bridge crossing the Los Angeles Harbor linking San Pedro, California with Terminal Island. ... The Henry Ford Bridge carries the Pacific Harbor Line railroad across the Cerritos Channel to Terminal Island and the Port of Los Angeles and Port of Long Beach. ... The Gerald Desmond Bridge is an arch bridge that carries 4 lanes of California State Route 710 across the Cerritos Channel between Terminal Island and Long Beach, California Categories: | | | | | ... The Commodore Schuyler F. Heim Bridge is a vertical-lift bridge in the Port of Los Angeles. ...


Intercity buses

Greyhound Lines operates several bus stations in the Los Angeles area.[75] This article is about the US bus line. ...


Sister cities

A sign near City Hall points to the sister cities of Los Angeles
A sign near City Hall points to the sister cities of Los Angeles

Los Angeles has 25 sister cities:[76] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2304x3072, 3372 KB) A sign near City Hall points to the sister cities of Los Angeles. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2304x3072, 3372 KB) A sign near City Hall points to the sister cities of Los Angeles. ... Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...


Asia For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...

Americas Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Nagoya ) is the fourth largest city in Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... CITIC Plaza Guangzhou (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... Nickname: Motto: Makati, Mahalin Natin, Atin Ito (literally, Makati, We Love It, This Is Ours) Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Makati City Coordinates: 14° 33 N, 121°02, E Country Region Province none (It is formerly on Rizal province until 1975) Districts 1st and 2nd districts of... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Busan Metropolitan City, also known as Pusan[1] is the largest port city in the Republic of Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... This article is about the city. ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas in an equal-area projection The Americas are the lands of the New World, consisting of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ...

Europe Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Nickname: Motto: E Assim a Pomba Voltou à Arca (And then the pigeon returned to the ship) Location of Salvador Country Brazil Region State Bahia Founded 29 March 1549 Government  - Mayor João Henrique Carneiro (PMDB) Area  - Total 706 km² (272. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_El_Salvador. ... For other uses, see San Salvador (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...

Africa and Middle East Image File history File links Flag_of_Armenia. ... Location of Yerevan in Armenia Coordinates: , Country Established 782 BC Government  - Mayor Yervand Zakharyan Area  - City 227 km²  (87. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... For other uses, see Split (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Bordeaux (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The island of Ischia near Naples, Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... Location Ethnographic region AukÅ¡taitija County Kaunas County Municipality Geographic coordinate system Number of elderates 11 General Information Capital of Kaunas County Kaunas city municipality Kaunas district municipality Population 361,274 in 2005 (2nd) First mentioned 1361 Granted city rights 1408 Kaunas ( (help· info), approximate English transcription [ˈkəʊ.nÉ™s... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...

Oceania Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Gizeh is also a popular brand in Germany of cigarette rolling papers; see Mascotte (rolling papers). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Hebrew אילת Founded in 1951 Government City (from 1959) District South Population 55,000 (2006) Jurisdiction 80,000 dunams (80 km²) Mayor Meir Yitzhak Halevi North Beach, Eilat, from southwest. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... This article is about the Lebanese city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zambia. ... Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambia. ... For other uses, see Oceania (disambiguation). ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... For other uses, see Auckland (disambiguation). ...

See also

The Greater Los Angeles Area is the suburban area around the city of Los Angeles, California. ... South Los Angeles South Los Angeles is the official name for a large geographic and cultural portion lying to the southwest and southeast of downtown Los Angeles, California. ... Welcome sign on Atlantic Boulevard East Los Angeles (often shortened to East L.A. or East Los or in Spanish El Este) is an unincorporated area in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Lowest pressure 970 mbar (hPa; 28. ... The Large Cities Climate Leadership Group is a group of cities committed to the reduction of urban carbon emissions and adapting to climate change. ... This is a list of the largest metropolitan areas in the Americas. ... Ten most populous cities in the United States Los Angeles San Jose San Diego Phoenix Chicago New York City Houston San Antonio Dallas Philadelphia The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places in the United States. ... Los Angeles Now, a documentary by Producer/Director Phillip Rodriguez, made its national high definition broadcast premiere on PBS’ Independent Lens series in November 2004. ... During World War II, the LARy replaced the mission bell tower in its logo with the slogan Dedicated to Victory. ... For other uses, see Metropolis (disambiguation). ... The Pacific Electric Railway main company depot at Sixth Street and Main Street in downtown Los Angeles, circa 1910. ... San Angeles is a fictional city in the West Coast state of California in the United States. ... This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

References

Notes

  1. ^ Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2005 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005 (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division (2006-06-20). Retrieved on 2007-01-26.
  2. ^ http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2006-01.csv
  3. ^ Metropolitan statistical area | Population Estimates | July 1, 2007
  4. ^ Census 2000 Fact SheetPDF
  5. ^ Willard, C. D., The Herald's History of Los Angeles (Los Angeles: Kingsley-Barnes, 1901): 22.
  6. ^ Father Crespi in Los Angeles
  7. ^ After a 1776 flood, the mission was moved to its present site in San Gabriel
  8. ^ The History of Los Angeles County
  9. ^ "Colonial records indicate that twenty-six of the forty-six original settlers of Los Angeles were of African or part-African ancestry." Mulroy, Kevin, et. al, eds, Seeking El Dorado:African Americans in California (Los Angeles: Autry Museum of Western Heritage, 2001): 79.
  10. ^ Los Angeles Historical Chronology
  11. ^ Acuna, Rodolfo, Anything But Mexican: Chicanos in Contemporary Los Angeles (New York: Version, 1996): 22.
  12. ^ Mulholland, Catherine, William Mulholland and the Rise of Los Angeles (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000): 15.
  13. ^ The Story of Oil in California
  14. ^ Population of the 100 Largest Urban Places: 1900
  15. ^ The Los Angeles Aqueduct and the Owens and Mono Lakes (MONO Case)
  16. ^ Population of the 100 Largest Urban Places: 1930
  17. ^ Bruegmann, Robert, Sprawl: A Compact History (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005): 133.
  18. ^ Was L.A. really Internet's ground zero?
  19. ^ Reich, Kenneth, "Study Raises Northridge Quake Death Toll to 72," Los Angeles Times 20 December 1995: B1.
  20. ^ City of Los Angeles Secession Votes - 2002
  21. ^ Welcome to Gentrification City
  22. ^ Top 100 Cities with Largest Land Area
  23. ^ Earthquake Facts
  24. ^ San Andreas Fault Set for the Big One
  25. ^ Earthquake Facts
  26. ^ May 22, 1960 Tsunami from NOAA
  27. ^ GISS average temperature data, GHCN Climate averages 1971 - 2000
  28. ^ May Gray / June Gloom
  29. ^ Pool, Bob. "In Woodland Hills, It's Just Too Darn Hot." Los Angeles Times July 26, 2006, B1.
  30. ^ National Weather Service website
  31. ^ Burt, Christopher. Extreme Weather: A Guide and Record Book. New York: Norton, 2004: 100.
  32. ^ Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Los Angeles, California, United States of America. Retrieved on Jun 19, 2007.
  33. ^ San Diego Zoo
  34. ^ How Smog Forms in Los Angeles
  35. ^ Driveclean from the California Government web site
  36. ^ People at Risk In 25 U.S. Cities Most Polluted by Short-Term Particle Pollution. American Lung Association. Retrieved on January 5, 2007.
  37. ^ People at Risk In 25 U.S. Cities Most Polluted by Year-Round Particle Pollution. American Lung Association. Retrieved on January 5, 2007.
  38. ^ Lopez, Theresa Adams. "Air Quality Programs at the Port of Los Angeles saw Refinement in 2005 with Focus on Ramping up in 2006PDF." Port of Los Angeles (News Release). February 17, 2006.
  39. ^ Staff Writer. "Air Quality Protections Take Off." Environmental Defense. December 6, 2004.
  40. ^ Allocation information, The Museum of Broadcast Communications
  41. ^ Pomfret, John. Cardinal Puts Church in Fight for Immigration Rights. Washington Post. April 2, 2006, accessed May 28, 2007
  42. ^ LDS - Los Angeles California Temple
  43. ^ The Largest Jewish Communities. Retrieved on 2007-08-13.
  44. ^ World Jewish Population from SimpleToRemember.com
  45. ^ "Washington Symposium and Exhibition Highlight Restoration and Adaptive Reuse of American Synagogues" Jewish Heritage Report Issue No. 1 / March 1997
  46. ^ "Los Angeles’s Breed Street Shul Saved by Politicians" Jewish Heritage Report Vol. II, Nos. 1-2 / Spring-Summer 1998)
  47. ^ Wikipedia - List of TV Stations
  48. ^ St. Louis Rams
  49. ^ Hong, Peter. "Few Tears Here." Los Angeles Times 29 June 1995: B1.
  50. ^ Business Wire. "Seattle Seahawks owner Ken Behring announces move of NFL franchise" 2 Feb 1996. (Accessed 3 September 2007)
  51. ^ Satzman, Darrell. Los Angeles Business Journal. "NFL's interest in returning to L.A. long on desire, far from reality - Up Front". 27 Jan 2003. (Accessed 3 September 2007)
  52. ^ Joyner, James. Outside the Beltway. "NFL May Move Saints to Los Angeles". 27 Oct 2005. (Accessed 3 September 2007)
  53. ^ a b City-data.com
  54. ^ Evan George, Trojan Dollars: Study Finds USC Worth $4 Billion Annually to L.A. County, Los Angeles Downtown News, December 11, 2006.
  55. ^ EVALUATION OF ALTERNATIVES TO THE CITY’S GROSS RECEIPTS BUSINESS TAXPDFUT Strategies, et al. Competitiveness of City Taxes and Fees. 1997.
  56. ^ Competitiveness 22.
  57. ^ American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  58. ^ Los Angeles: city-data.com
  59. ^ U.S. CensusPDF
  60. ^ Modern Language Association Data Center Results of Los Angeles, California Modern Language Association
  61. ^ City basics, lacity.org
  62. ^ Mayors Against Illegal Guns: Coalition Members.
  63. ^ "California Central District Drug Threat Assessment : Overview." National Drug Intelligence Center. May, 2001.
  64. ^ "Police target 11 worst Los Angeles street gangs" - Reuters AlertNet
  65. ^ Santa Monica College
  66. ^ US Census, District information
  67. ^ Magnet schools just as competitive as private schools
  68. ^ LA Public Library
  69. ^ APTA TRANSIT RIDERSHIP REPORT APTA.PDF
  70. ^ The Search for the Holy Rail Rachel Dicarlo.
  71. ^ US Census
  72. ^ LosAngeles225.com
  73. ^ LAX Volume of air traffic
  74. ^ Los Angeles World Airports
  75. ^ "Locations: California," Greyhound Lines
  76. ^ "Sister Cities of Los Angeles." Retrieved on March 26, 2008.

The comma-separated values (or CSV; also known as a comma-separated list or comma-separated variables) file format is a file type that stores tabular data. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... San Gabriel City Hall San Gabriel is a city located in Los Angeles County, California. ... For other uses, see University of Chicago (disambiguation). ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The American Lung Association is a non-profit organization which fights lung disease in all its forms, with special emphasis on asthma, tobacco control and environmental health. It was founded in 1904 to fight tuberculosis as the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The American Lung Association is a non-profit organization which fights lung disease in all its forms, with special emphasis on asthma, tobacco control and environmental health. It was founded in 1904 to fight tuberculosis as the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... General Information Founded December 9, 1907 Coordinates  - Latitude  - Longitude 33º4239 N 118º1459 W Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 7500 acres 4200 acres 3300 acres Available Berths 270 Vessel Arrivals 2,813 (FY 2004) Annual container volume 7. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 225th day of the year (226th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Map of United States Designated Market Areas (DMAs). ... “PDF” redirects here. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, Fifth Edition The Modern Language Association of America (MLA) is the principal professional association in the United States for scholars of literature and literary criticism. ... The National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC), established in 1993, is a component of the U.S. Department of Justice and a member of the Intelligence Community. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... This article is about the US bus line. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...

Bibliography

Reyner Banham (1922-1988) was a prolific Anglo-American architectural critic and writer best known for his 1960 theoretical treatise Theory and Design in the First Machine Age, and his 1971 book Los Angeles: The Architecture of Four Ecologies in which he categorized the Angelean experience into four ecological models... Mike Davis (born 1946) is an American social commentator, urban theorist, historian, and political activist. ... City of Quartz is a book by Mike Davis examining problems facing Los Angeles. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Paul Glover is an activist currently living in Ithaca, New York. ... Volumes in the Library of America series The Library of America (LoA) is a nonprofit publisher of classic American literature. ... Richard White (born 1947) is an American historian, currently the President-elect of the Organization of American Historians, and the author of influential books on the American West, Native American history, and environmental history. ... Front cover of Its Your Misfortune and None of My Own, 1993 edition. ... Cadillac Desert by Marc Reisner is a 1986 book (ISBN 0140178244) about land development and water policy in the western United States. ... University of California Press, also known as UC Press, is a publishing house associated with the University of California that engages in academic publishing. ...

External links

Find more about Los Angeles on Wikipedia's sister projects:
Dictionary definitions
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Learning resources

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ...

Official sites

Places

Media

Photos

  • Los Angeles photo gallery / Architecture + Buildings
  • Free pictures Los Angeles

Guides

Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Maps

  • Los Angeles, California is at coordinates 34°03′14″N 118°14′42″W / 34.054, -118.245 (Los Angeles, California)Coordinates: 34°03′14″N 118°14′42″W / 34.054, -118.245 (Los Angeles, California)

Urban areas in the United States are defined by the U.S. Census Bureau as contiguous census block groups with a population density of at least 1,000 per square mile (about 400 per square km). ... New York–Northern New Jersey–Long Island is the most populous metropolitan area in the United States and is also one of the most populous in the world . ... Walt Disney Concert Hall, Frank Gehry, architect The Greater Los Angeles Area, or the Southland, (not to be confused with the Los Angeles Metro Area which includes only Los Angeles and Orange Counties) is the agglomeration of urbanized area around the county of Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Chicagoland redirects here. ... The Delaware Valley is a term used widely to refer to the metropolitan area centered on the city of Philadelphia in the United States. ... The Miami Urbanized Area stretches along the Atlantic Coast for most of the length of the Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach Metropolitan Area, but is confined to a relatively narrow area between the coast and the Everglades. ... The Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, encompasses 12 counties within the U.S. state of Texas. ... Light Blue represents the area in Massachusetts known as Greater Boston, while Dark Blue represents the Metro-Boston area and Red represents Boston proper, the City of Boston Greater Boston is the area of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts surrounding the city of Boston, Massachusetts. ... It has been suggested that National Capital Region (United States) be merged into this article or section. ... The Detroit metropolitan area, often referred to as Metro Detroit, is the metropolitan area located in southeastern Michigan, centered on the city of Detroit. ... The Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area, a title designated by the U.S. Census as of 2003, is the seventh-largest metropolitan area and one of the most diverse[2] in the United States consisting of 10 counties within the state of Texas. ... The Atlanta metropolitan area, commonly referred to as Metro Atlanta in Georgia, is the ninth-largest metropolitan area in the United States and consists of 28 counties in Georgia. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... The Phoenix metropolitan area, also known as the Valley of the Sun, is a metropolitan area that includes the City of Phoenix, much of the rest of Maricopa County, a large section of Pinal County, and small parts of southern Yavapai County. ... The Seattle metropolitan area includes the city of Seattle, Washington; King County, Washington; and several surrounding cities and counties in the Puget Sound area. ... “Greater San Diego” redirects here. ... Minneapolis-Saint Paul is the most populous urban area in the state of Minnesota, United States, and is composed of 188 cities and townships. ... Greater St. ... The Baltimore Metropolitan Area, also known as Baltimore-Towson, is a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) encompassing northeastern Maryland and a small section of southern Pennsylvania. ... The Tampa Bay area is a metropolitan area on the Gulf coast of west-central Florida. ... The metropolitan area centered on the city of Denver, Colorado is known officially by the United States Census Bureau as the Denver metropolitan area (population 2,179,240 in 2000). ... NASA image of Greater Cleveland and Lake Erie Greater Cleveland is a nickname for the metropolitan area surrounding Cleveland in Ohio. ... The Pittsburgh metropolitan area is the U.S. Census-defined seven county region surrounding the city of Pittsburgh in Western Pennsylvania, United States. ... The Portland metropolitan area is the urban area centered around Portland, Oregon and the Willamette River. ... For the Nintendo 64 game, see Space Station Silicon Valley. ... The Inland Empire and its regions within The Inland Empire refers to the region in Southern California located in Riverside and San Bernardino Counties in the United States. ... The Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky metropolitan area The Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky____the worst place on the planet____ metropolitan area is a metropolitan area that includes 15 counties in Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana. ... This view from space in July 1996 shows portions of each of the Seven Cities of Hampton Roads which generally surround the harbor area of Hampton Roads, which framed by the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel visible to the east (right), the Virginia Peninsula subregion to the north (top), and the... Sacramento County is a county in the U.S. state of California. ... Kansas City satellite map The Kansas City Metropolitan Area is a fifteen county metropolitan area is anchored by Kansas City, Missouri straddling the border between the states of Missouri and Kansas. ... Map of Texas highlighting the San Antonio metropolitan area. ... The Las Vegas metropolitan area, includes the Las Vegas Valley a 600 square mile (1600 km²) basin, and surrounding areas, that are part of Clark County in southern Nevada. ... Location in the state of Wisconsin The Milwaukee–Racine–Waukesha metropolitan area is an urban area that the U.S. Census Bureau defines as a Combined Statistical Area centered on the city of Milwaukee and had a population of 1,708,563 people as of the 2005 U.S. Census... The Indianapolis, IN, Metropolitan Statistical Area is the 33rd largest Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in the United States. ... The Providence metropolitan area is a region covering ten counties in two states, and is the 36th largest metropolitan area in the United States. ... Greater Orlando, alternatively known as the Orlando Area or Metro Orlando, is the third most populated metropolitan region in the state of Florida, and the 19th-largest metro area in the United States. ... The Columbus Metropolitan Area is the metropolitan area centered on American city of Columbus, Ohio. ... The New Orleans Metropolitan Area, consisting of the Greater New Orleans region and three addtional parishes which share the perimeter of Lake Ponchartrain, is the largest metropolitan area in the U.S. state of Louisiana, centered around the city of New Orleans. ... Not to be confused with Buffalo Niagara Region. ... City nickname: The River City or The Bluff City Location in the state of Tennessee County Shelby County, Tennessee Area  - Total  - Water 763. ... Map of Texas highlighting the Austin-Round Rock metropolitan area. ... The Gold Coast is a region of the state of Connecticut, United States, roughly contiguous with the boundaries of Fairfield County; it derives its regional nickname from Fairfield County being ranked as one of the wealthiest counties in the United States and being the headquarters to most of the hedge... The Wasatch Front is an urban area in the U.S. state of Utah. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area is the 43rd largest Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in the United States. ... The Greater Hartford region is a region located in the state of Connecticut centered around the states capital of Hartford. ... Richmond-Petersburg is a region located in a central part of the state of Virginia in the United States. ... Counties most commonly associated with the Charlote Metro area are in dark red, counties often included are light red, and counties sometimes included are in orange. ... The Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro, TN is the 39th largest Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in the United States[1] and the largest metropolitan area in the state of Tennessee, encompassing its north central section. ... The Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area is a large urban region located in the central part of the state of Oklahoma. ... Pima County is located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... This is a list of contiguous urban areas of the world ordered according to population (as of 2007). ... For other uses, see World (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... Inchon redirects here. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... This article is about the city. ... For the capital city of the Philippines, see Manila. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Japanese city. ... For other uses, see Kyoto (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Gran Buenos Aires or Greater Buenos Aires is the metropolitan area next to the city of Buenos Aires and comprises the following 24 partidos (administrative subdivisions) of the Province of Buenos Aires. ... Peking redirects here. ... Shenzhen is a sub-provincial city of Guangdong province in southern China. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Lagos (disambiguation). ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ... Nagoya ) is the fourth largest city in Japan. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Location within Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Saigon redirects here. ... Nickname: Map of the Dem. ... For other uses, see Lima (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Dhaka (previously Dacca; Bengali: Ḍhākā; IPA: ) is the capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. ... Bogota redirects here. ... Ruhr Area within Germany Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area, also called simply Ruhr, (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquial Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large formerly industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to... Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Düsseldorf (IPA: ) is the capital city of the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and one of the economic and cultural centres of Germany and western Europe. ... Madras redirects here. ... CITIC Plaza Guangzhou (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Hong Kong (香港; Cantonese IPA: ; Jyutping: hoeng1 gong2; Yale: heūng góng; pinyin: Xiānggǎng; Wade-Giles: Hsiang-kang) is one of the two Special Administrative Regions of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city. ... This article is about the city in South Africa. ... A map of Gauteng, showing the East Rand. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Dongguan (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Coordinates: , Region Province Foundation February 12, 1541 Government  - Mayor Raúl Alcaíno Lihn Area 1  - City 22. ... Miami redirects here. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Los Angeles, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6542 words)
Los Angeles, known as "L.A." or the "City of Angels", is the largest city in the state of California and the second-largest in the United States, as well as one of the world's major global cities.
Los Angeles is also home to the largest populations of Japanese and Persians living in the U.S., and has one of the largest Native American populations in the country.
Residents of the unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County and various cities within the county are served by the County of Los Angeles Public Library The LAPL is funded by voter-approved bond and tax levy packages.
Los Angeles County, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2653 words)
Los Angeles County is a county in California, and the most populous county in the United States, with 9,758,886 residents (as of 2005)[1].
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Westwood (Los Angeles)
Los Angeles County was one of the original counties of California, created at the time of statehood in 1850.
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