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Encyclopedia > Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California
Flag Seal
Nickname: "City of Angels"
Location
Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California
Coordinates 34°03′07″N, 118°14′34″W
Government
State
County
California
Los Angeles County
Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D)
Geographical characteristics
Area  
  City 1,290.6 km²  (498.3 sq mi)
    Land   1,214.9 km²  (469.1 sq mi)
    Water   75.7 km² (29.2 sq mi)
  Urban 4,319.9 km² (1,667.9 sq mi)
Elevation 0 m – 1,548 m  (0 ft – 5,079 ft)
Demographics
Population  
  City (2005) 3,844,828
    Density   3,165/km² (8,198/sq mi)
  Urban 12,146,000
  Metro 12,925,330
Time zone
  Summer (DST)
PST (UTC-8)
PDT (UTC-7)
Website: www.lacity.org

Los Angeles—often known simply as L.A. or informally as the City of Angels—is the largest city in the state of California and the second-largest in the United States. As of the 2005 U.S. Census estimate, the city had a population of 3.8 million. The city is the core cultural and economic center of the Los Angeles–Long Beach–Santa Ana metropolitan area with a population of 12.9 million.[1] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x800, 282 KB) Description: Downtown L.A., half an hour before sunset Photographer: Thomas Pintaric File links The following pages link to this file: Los Angeles, California ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Los_Angeles,_California. ... Image File history File links Seal_of_Los_Angeles,_California. ... The flag of Los Angeles. ... // A nickname is a short, clever, cute, derogatory, or otherwise substitute name for a person or things real name (for example, Bob, Rob, Robby, Robbie, Robi, Bobby, Rab, Bert, Bertie, Butch, Bobbers, Bobert, Bobadito, Robban, (in Sweden), is short for Robert). ... Download high resolution version (1008x668, 23 KB)Map of the City of Los Angeles within Los Angeles County, with County highlighted in California. ... Los Angeles County is a county in California, and the most populous county in the United States, with 10,179,716 residents (as of July 2004)[1]. The county seat is the city of Los Angeles. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The political units and divisions of the United States include: the fifty states, which units are typically divided into counties and townships, and incorporate cities, villages, towns, and other types of municipalities, and other autonomous or subordinate public authorities and institutions; and the federal state, which unit is the United... United States of America, showing states, divided into counties. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Los Angeles County is a county in California, and the most populous county in the United States, with 10,179,716 residents (as of July 2004)[1]. The county seat is the city of Los Angeles. ... This is a list of mayors of Los Angeles, California. ... Antonio Ramon Villaraigosa (born January 23, 1953) is the current mayor of Los Angeles, California. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre (in the U.S., chiefly meter) is a measure of length, approximately equal to 3. ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre (in the U.S., chiefly meter) is a measure of length, approximately equal to 3. ... A foot (plural: feet) is any of several old units of distance or length, measuring around a quarter to a third of a meter. ... World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... An urban area is a term used to define an area where there is an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or hubs. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Map of the world color-coded with areas in blue observing daylight saving time. ... PST is UTC-8 The Pacific Standard Time Zone (PST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) resulting in UTC-8. ... UTC-8 is a band of timezones separated from the Universal Time Coordinated by 8 hours. ... PDT is UTC-7 The Pacific Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-8). ... Mountain Standard Time ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ...


Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850—five months before California achieved statehood—and is the county seat of Los Angeles County. The city has a global presence as a center of culture, science, and higher education. Los Angeles is arguably the world's leading producer of popular entertainment—such as motion pictures, television, and recorded music—which gives a great boost to its international fame. A state of the United States (a U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Los Angeles County is a county in California, and the most populous county in the United States, with 10,179,716 residents (as of July 2004)[1]. The county seat is the city of Los Angeles. ...


Los Angeles is also one of the most cosmopolitan places in the world—it is home to people from virtually every nation on Earth. The city has hosted two Olympic Games—in 1932 and 1984—and is home to world-renowned scientific and cultural institutions. People have long been attracted to the world-class city for its balmy weather, unique and vibrant lifestyle, laid-back energy, Pacific Rim Gateway status, and the hope of realizing the "American Dream." For months before the Olympic Games, runners relay the Olympic Flame from Olympia to the opening ceremony. ... A world city, or a world-class city, is a city with a set of somewhat subjective traits which often include the following: International familiarity (or first-name familiarity – one would say Paris, not Paris, France). Active influence and participation in international events and world affairs (for example, New York... Historical American flags in Washington, DC: the Betsy Ross flag hangs on both ends and the classic Old Glory is to each side of the current 50 state version. ...

Contents


History

Main article: History of Los Angeles, California

The Los Angeles coastal area was inhabited by the Tongva (or Gabrieleños), Chumash, and earlier Native American peoples for thousands of years. The Spanish arrived in 1542, when Juan Cabrillo visited the area. The recorded history of Los Angeles, California is a complicated one, going back to the 16th century and a tiny Spanish settlement sometimes called Bahía de los fumos (Bay of the Smokes). // Historical population growth At the end of 2004, the population is estimated to be 3,912,200. ... The Tongva are a Native American people who inhabited the area in and around Los Angeles, California before the arrival of Europeans. ... Rafael, a Chumash in the 1800s Pre-contact distribution of the Chumash The Chumash Indians, a Native American tribe, mainly inhabited the southern coastal regions of California, in the vicinity of what is now Santa Barbara and Ventura, extending as far south as Malibu. ... An Atsina named Assiniboin Boy Photo by Edward S. Curtis. ... Events War resumes between Francis I of France and Emperor Charles V. This time Henry VIII of England is allied to the Emperor, while James V of Scotland and Sultan Suleiman I are allied to the French. ... Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in Portuguese João Rodrigues Cabrilho, (ca 1499–January 3, 1543) was an explorer noted for his exploration of the west coast of North America while sailing for Spain. ...


In 1769, Gaspar de Portolà led an expedition across southern California with Franciscan Padres Junípero Serra and Juan Crespi. Father Crespi had picked out a site along the river for a mission, but in 1771 Father Serra had the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel built near Whittier Narrows. After a 1776 flood, the mission was moved to its present site in San Gabriel. 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Gaspar de Portolà (circa 1717 – aft. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Fray Junípero Serra. ... Juan Crespi (1721–1782), was a Spanish missionary and explorer in the Southwest, a Franciscan. ... The Spanish Missions in California (more simply referred to as the California Missions) comprise a series of religious outposts established by Spanish Catholic Dominicans, Jesuits, and Franciscans, to spread the Christian doctrine among the local Native Americans, but with the added benefit of giving Spain a toehold in the frontier... A view of Mission San Gabriel Arcángel in April, 2005. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... San Gabriel City Hall San Gabriel is a city located in Los Angeles County, California. ...

On September 4, 1781 44 Mexican settlers set out from the San Gabriel Mission to establish a town at Crespi's site. The town was named El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles de la Porciuncula, ("The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels of the 'little portion'"). It remained a small ranch town for decades. Today the outline of the Pueblo is preserved in a Historic Monument familiarly called Olvera Street. Photo of Olvera Street, Los Angeles. ... Photo of Olvera Street, Los Angeles. ... Olvera Street, Los Angeles Olvera Street is in the oldest part of Downtown Los Angeles, California, and is otherwise known as the birthplace of the City of Angels or El Pueblo Historic Monument. Many Latinos refer to it as La placita Olvera. Having started as a short lane, Wine Street... September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Ranching is the raising of cattle or sheep on rangeland, although one might also speak of ranching with regard to less common livestock such as elk, bison or emu. ... Olvera Street, Los Angeles Olvera Street is in the oldest part of Downtown Los Angeles, California, and is otherwise known as the birthplace of the City of Angels or El Pueblo Historic Monument. Many Latinos refer to it as La placita Olvera. Having started as a short lane, Wine Street...


Mexico's independence from Spain was achieved in 1821, but the greatest change took place in present-day Montebello after the Battle of Rio San Gabriel in 1847, which decided the fate of Los Angeles. Americans gained control after they flooded into California during the Gold Rush and secured the subsequent admission of California into the United States. The Mexican War of Independence (1810-1821) was Mexicos struggle for independence from Spanish colonial rule. ... Montebello is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Combatants United States of America Mexico Californeros Commanders Robert F. Stockton Stephen Watts Kearny José Mariá Flores Strength U.S. naval and army forces 600 sailors, marines and dragoons Californios sympathic to Mexico 300 dragoons 200 soldiers Casualties 143 80 The Battle of Rio San Gabriel was a part of... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The California Gold Rush was a period in American history marked by great world-wide interest concerning a gold discovery in Northern California. ...


Los Angeles was incorporated as a city in 1850. Railroads arrived when the Southern Pacific completed its line to Los Angeles in 1876. Oil was discovered in 1892, and by 1923 Los Angeles was supplying one-quarter of the world's petroleum. Rail transport is the transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... The Southern Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting mark SP) was an American railroad. ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Petroleum (from Greek petra – rock and elaion – oil or Latin oleum – oil ) or crude oil is a thick, dark brown or greenish liquid. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Even more important to the city's growth was water. In 1913, William Mulholland completed the aqueduct that assured the city's growth and led to the annexation by the City of Los Angeles, starting in 1915, of dozens of neighboring communities without water supplies of their own. A largely fictionalized account of the Owens Valley Water War can be found in the 1974 motion picture Chinatown. This article focuses on water as it is experienced in everyday life. ... 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... William Mulholland (1855–1935) was a prominent and influential water-services engineer in Southern California. ... There are two Los Angeles Aqueducts--the original Los Angeles Aqueduct was designed by William Mulholland (an Irish immigrant who became a self-taught engineer and head of the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power) and completed in 1913 to deliver water from the Owens River to the city... The recorded history of Los Angeles, California is a complicated one, going back to the 16th century and a tiny Spanish settlement sometimes called Bahía de los fumos (Bay of the Smokes). // Historical population growth At the end of 2004, the population is estimated to be 3,912,200. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Chinatown is a 1974 film directed by Roman Polański featuring many elements of the film noir genre, particularly a multi-layered story that is part mystery and part psychological drama. ...


In the 1920s the motion picture and aviation industries both flocked to Los Angeles and helped to further develop it. The city was the proud host of the 1932 Summer Olympics which brought along the development of Baldwin Hills, the original Olympic Village. World War II brought new growth and prosperity to the city, although many of its Japanese-American residents were transported to internment camps for the duration of the war. This period also saw the arrival of the German exiles, who included such notables as Thomas Mann, Fritz Lang, Bertolt Brecht and Lion Feuchtwanger. The postwar years saw an even greater boom as urban sprawl expanded into the San Fernando Valley. The cinema of the United States, sometimes simply referred to as Hollywood, is typically used in reference to the larger, studio-produced cinema within the U.S.. Much like American popular music, the American film industry has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th... First flight, December 17, 1903 Aviation or air transport refers to the activities surrounding human flight and the aircraft industry. ... The 1932 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the X Olympiad, were held in 1932 in Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Baldwin Hills is a district in southwestern Los Angeles, California, in South Los Angeles. ... An Olympic Park is a venue or group of venues set up when a country hosts the Olympic Games. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, United Kingdom, Soviet Union, France/Free France, United States, China, Canada, India, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Greece, Norway, Honduras, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, Bulgaria, Finland, Romania, Hungary, Burma, Slovakia Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military... Serving from 1999 to 2003, Army General Eric Shinseki of Hawaii became the first Asian American military chief of staff. ... A concentration camp is a large detention centre created for political opponents, aliens, specific ethnic or religious groups, civilians of a critical war-zone, or other groups of people, often during a war. ... Thomas Mann Paul Thomas Mann (June 6, 1875 – August 12, 1955) was a German novelist, social critic, philanthropist, essayist, and Nobel Prize laureate, lauded principally for a series of highly symbolic and often ironic epic novels and mid-length stories, noted for their insight into the psychology of the artist... Friedrich Anton Christian Lang (December 5, 1890 - August 2, 1976) was an Austrian film director, screenwriter and occasional film producer, one of the best known émigrés from Germanys school of expressionism. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Lion Feuchtwanger (pseudonym: J.L. Wetcheek) (7 July 1884 - 21 December 1958) was a German-Jewish novelist who was imprisoned in a French internment camp in Les Milles and later escaped to Los Angeles with the help of his wife, Marta. ... Urban sprawl (also: suburban sprawl) is a term for the rapid and expansive growth of a greater metropolitan area, traditionally suburbs (or exurbs) over a large area. ... San Fernando Valley The San Fernando Valley is an urbanized valley in southern California, lying mostly within the city limits of Los Angeles. ...


The Watts riots in 1965 showed the nation the deep racial divisions that the city faced. The ARPANET (the Internet's ancestor) was born in Los Angeles. In 1969, the first ARPANET transmission was sent from UCLA to SRI in Menlo Park. The XXIII Olympiad was successfully hosted in Los Angeles in 1984. The city was once again tested by the 1992 Los Angeles riots and the 1994 Northridge earthquake and a city-wide vote on San Fernando Valley and Hollywood secession was defeated in 2002. Now, urban redevelopment and gentrification have been taking place at a furious pace in various parts of the city, most notably Downtown, which is poised to be the home of many more cultural and entertainment institutions than ever before. The term Watts Riots refers to a large-scale riot which lasted six days in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, in 1965. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... ARPANET logical map, March 1977. ... SRI Internationals main campus on Ravenswood Avenue, Menlo Park, California SRI International is one of the worlds largest contract research institutions. ... Cafe Borrone, adjacent to Keplers Books in the Menlo Center, is a popular lunch spot in downtown Menlo Park. ... Audio samples composed by John Williams: Olympic Fanfare (1985) ( file info) 1984 Summer Olympics, Los Angeles Olympic Theme (1985) ( file info) 1984 Summer Olympics, Los Angeles Problems playing the files? See media help. ... Truck driver Reginald Denny lies beaten in an intersection as his assailant, Damian Williams, celebrates. ... The 1994 Northridge earthquake occurred on January 17, 1994 at 4:30:55 am Pacific Standard Time in the city of Los Angeles, California. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


Geography

Satellite image of the Greater Los Angeles area
Satellite image of the Greater Los Angeles area

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 498.3 square miles (1,290.6 km²)—469.1 square miles (1,214.9 km²) of it is land and 29.2 square miles (75.7 km²) of it is water. The total area is 5.86% water. A picture of the Los Angeles area. ... A picture of the Los Angeles area. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...


The extreme north-south distance is 44 miles (71 km), the extreme east-west distance is 29 miles (47 km), and the length of the city boundary is 342 miles (550 km). The land area is the 9th largest in the Continental United States (excluding Juneau, Alaska and Honolulu, Hawaii). A mile is any of a number of units of distance, each in the magnitude of 1–10 km. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... Juneau redirects here. ... Honolulu redirects here. ...


The highest point in Los Angeles is Sister Elsie Peak (5,080 feet) at the far reaches of the northeastern San Fernando Valley, part of Mt. Lukens. The Los Angeles River is a largely seasonal river flowing through the city, with headwaters in the San Fernando Valley. Its length is almost entirely lined in concrete. A foot (plural: feet) is any of several old units of distance or length, measuring around a quarter to a third of a meter. ... The Los Angeles River, highlighted in red (on the left). ... Pouring a concrete floor for a commercial building, (slab-on-grade) Installing rebar in a floor slab during a concrete pour For other uses, see Concrete (disambiguation). ...


The Los Angeles area is remarkably rich in native plant species. With its beaches, dunes, wetlands, hills, mountains, and rivers, the area contains a number of important biological communities. The largest area is coastal sage scrub, which covers the hillsides in combustible chaparral. Native plants include: California poppy, matilija poppy, toyon, coast live oak, giant wild rye grass, and hundreds of others. Unfortunately, many native species are so rare as to be endangered, such as the Los Angeles sunflower. The California chaparral and woodlands is a terrestrial ecoregion of central and southern California (United States) and northwestern Baja California (Mexico), located on the west coast of North America. ... Binomial name Eschscholzia californica  Cham The California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica) is a popular garden flower of the family Papaveraceae. ... Species Romneya coulteri Romneya trichocalyx The Matilija Poppy or Tree Poppy (Romneya Harvey) is a poppy of southern California and northern Mexico, belonging to the Poppy family (Papaveraceae). ... Binomial name Heteromeles arbutifolia (Lindl. ... Binomial name Quercus agrifolia The Coast live oak, Quercus agrifolia, also called the California live oak, is an evergeen oak, highly variable and often shrubby, found in the coastal regions of southwestern North America from Mendocino County, California south to northern Baja California in Mexico. ... The Los Angeles sunflower (Helianthus nuttallii parishii) is an endangered species of sunflower thought to have been extinct since 1937, but it reappeared in Southern California in 2001. ...


There are many exotic flowers and flowering trees that are blooming year-round, with subtle colors, including the jacaranda, hibiscus, phlox, bougainvillea, coral tree blossoms and bird of paradise. If there were no city here, flower-growing could still flourish as an industry, as it does in Lompoc. Wisteria has been known to grow to house-lot size, and in Descanso Gardens there are forests of camellia trees. Orchids require special attention in this Mediterranean climate. Clivia miniata right hereflowers. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Species about 50, including: Jacaranda acutifolia Jacaranda arborea Jacaranda caerulea Jacaranda caroba Jacaranda caucana Jacaranda copaia Jacaranda glabra Jacaranda mimosifolia Jacaranda obtusifolia Jacaranda praetermissa Jacaranda sparrei Jacaranda is a neotropical genus in the family Bignoniaceae. ... Species See text. ... Also, Their is a guy using the nickname PhloX: irc. ... Species Bougainvillea buttiana Bougainvillea glabra Bougainvillea peruviana Bougainvillea spectabilis Bougainvillea (sometimes Bougainvilla) is a genus of plant. ... Species Over 100, see text The Genus Erythrina is a taxon of tropical and subtropical flowering trees in the Family Fabaceae and distributed worldwide. ... Species See text Strelitzia is a South African genus of perennial plants named after the duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, birthplace of Queen Charlotte of the United Kingdom. ... Lompoc (pronounced Lom poke) is a city located in Santa Barbara County, California. ... Species See text This article is about the plant. ... Descanso Gardens located in the Los Angeles suburb of La Canada is a 25 acre (101,000 m²) Camellia forest. ... Species About 100–250 species, including: Camellia assimilis Camellia brevistyla Camellia caudata Camellia chekiangoleosa Camellia chrysantha– Golden Camellia Camellia connata Camellia crapnelliana Camellia cuspidata Camellia euryoides Camellia forrestii Camellia fraterna Camellia furfuracea Camellia granthamiana Camellia grijsii Camellia honkongensis Camellia irrawadiensis Camellia japonica– Japanese Camellia Camellia kissii Camellia lutchuensis Camellia miyagii... Orchid re-directs here; for alternate uses see Orchid (disambiguation) Genera Over 800 See List of Orchidaceae genera. ... A Mediterranean climate is one that resembles those of the lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea. ...

The Los Angeles Basin is the coastal sediment-filled plain located between the peninsular and transverse ranges in southern California in the United States containing the central part of the city of Los Angeles. ... San Fernando Valley The San Fernando Valley is an urbanized valley in southern California, lying mostly within the city limits of Los Angeles. ... Los Angeles County is a county in California, and the most populous county in the United States, with 10,179,716 residents (as of July 2004)[1]. The county seat is the city of Los Angeles. ... These thematic maps (a map without a legend and/or a scale is no longer a map, but only a nice pict) of Los Angeles County California illustrate the different neighborhoods and the contrasting demographics of the diverse county. ... Map of major Southern California area codes Area codes serving the Greater Los Angeles area include: 213 - Downtown L.A. - From 1947 to 1951 (when the 714 area code was created), the 213 area code covered all of Southern California [1] 310 - The Westside (including the cities of Santa Monica...

Geology

Like most areas of California, Los Angeles is subject to earthquakes, due to its proximity to the San Andreas Fault, as well as to the smaller San Jacinto and Banning faults in southern California. The most recent major earthquake was the 1994 Northridge earthquake, which was centered in the northern San Fernando Valley. Coming less than two years after the 1992 riots, the Northridge earthquake was an emotional shock to Southern Californians, and caused physical damage totalling billions of dollars. Other major earthquakes in the Los Angeles area include the 1987 Whittier Narrows earthquake, the 1971 Sylmar earthquake, and the 1933 Long Beach earthquake. Nevertheless, most earthquakes are relatively minor. Many residents of Los Angeles feel one or two minor earthquakes per year, which do little or no damage. Imperceptible quakes are detected by seismometers on a daily basis. An earthquake is a phenomenon that results from and is powered by the sudden release of stored energy that radiates seismic waves. ... View of the San Andreas Fault on the Carrizo Plain in central California San Andreas Fault is a geological fault that runs a length of roughly 800 miles (1287 kilometres) through California, United States. ... The 1994 Northridge earthquake occurred on January 17, 1994 at 4:30:55 am Pacific Standard Time in the city of Los Angeles, California. ... Truck driver Reginald Denny lies beaten in an intersection as his assailant, Damian Williams, celebrates. ... The Whittier Narrows earthquake struck the San Gabriel Valley and surrounding communities of Southern California at 7:42 a. ... ... The Long Beach earthquake of 1933 took place March 10, 1933, registering 6. ... Seismometer (in Greek seismos = earthquake and metero = measure) are used by seismologists to measure and record seismic waves. ...


Cityscape

Sunset Strip
Sunset Strip

The city is divided into many neighborhoods, many of which were towns that were annexed by the growing city. There are also several independent cities in and around Los Angeles, but they are popularly grouped with the city of Los Angeles by most people since they lie mostly in Los Angeles County and are thus very intertwined. Generally, the city is divided into the following areas: Downtown, East L.A., South Los Angeles, the South Bay/Harbor, Hollywood, Mid-Wilshire (or Mid City), the Westside (which includes West Los Angeles as well as the cities of Santa Monica and West Hollywood), and the San Fernando Valley. Recently in the last ten years, "Eastside" has appeared as a new designation to contrast with the more traditional "Westside" description (though many Angelenos reject the term as a trendy East Coast import). Some well-known communities of Los Angeles include Venice Beach, the Downtown financial district, Los Feliz, Silver Lake, Hollywood, Hancock Park,Koreatown, and the very affluent areas of Bel-Air, Westwood, and Brentwood. Image File history File linksMetadata Sunsetblvd. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Sunsetblvd. ... Los Angeles While popular culture might lead one to believe that Los Angeles consists only of the shiny office towers of downtown, the blighted streets of South Los Angeles, the endless suburban tracts of the San Fernando Valley, and the gated estates of the Hollywood Hills and Bel-Air, its... South Los Angeles South Los Angeles is the official name for a large geographic and cultural area lying to the south and southeast of downtown Los Angeles, California. ... ... West Los Angeles (West L.A. in the short form) or the Westside is generally considered to be the portion of Los Angeles, California and its suburbs that lies east of the Pacific Ocean, west of La Cienega Boulevard (or, occasionally, Fairfax or even La Brea Avenue), south of the... San Fernando Valley The San Fernando Valley is an urbanized valley in southern California, lying mostly within the city limits of Los Angeles. ... Los Feliz is a neighborhood in the north-central region of the city of Los Angeles, California. ... Silver Lake is a Los Angeles neighborhood east of Hollywood. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hancock Park is a wealthy neighborhood in the Mid-Wilshire region of Los Angeles, California. ... Koreatown (Hangul: 코리아타운) is a term to describe the Korean ethnic enclave within a city or metropolitan area. ... Bel Air is a neighborhood in west Los Angeles, California, USA. The faux-gated community was founded by Alphonzo E. Bell, Sr. ... High-rise buildings line Wilshire Boulevard through the Westwood area Another view of the Westwood skyline Westwood is a district in western Los Angeles, California. ... Brentwood is a district in the West Los Angeles region of Los Angeles, California, United States. ...

The Greater Los Angeles Area is the agglomeration of urbanized area around the city of Los Angeles, California. ... The Bunker Hill district of Downtown Los Angeles as seen from USC, which makes up most of Downtowns skyline. ...

Climate

The city is situated in a Mediterranean climate or subtropical zone, experiencing mild, reasonably dry winters and warm to hot, dry summers. Generally the weather is warm and dry in all seasons, with 325 days of sunshine a year. Breezes from the Pacific Ocean tend to keep the beach communities of the Los Angeles area cooler in summer and warmer in winter than those further inland, and summer temperatures can sometimes vary by as much as 25 degrees warmer in the inland communities compared to that of the coastal communities. The coastal communities of Los Angeles are commonly affected by a phenomenon known as a 'marine layer', a dense cloud cover caused by the proximity of the ocean, that helps keep the temperatures cooler throughout the year. Temperatures in the summer can get well over 90 °F (32 °C), but average summer daytime highs are 85 °F (29 °C), with overnight lows of 66 °F (18 °C). Winter daytime high temperatures will get up to around 70 °F (21 °C), on average, with overnight lows of 48 °F (8 °C) and during this season rain is a possibility. The median temperature in January is 58.3 °F (14.6 °C) and 74.3 °F (23.5 °C) in July. The highest temperature recorded within city borders was 116.0 °F (46.7 °C) in Canoga Park in 1985; the lowest temperature recorded was 18.0 °F (−7.8 °C) in 1989, also in Canoga Park. The highest temperature ever recorded for Downtown Los Angeles was 112.0 °F (44.4 °C) on June 26, 1990, and the lowest temperature ever recorded was 28.0 °F (−2.2 °C) on January 4, 1949. Rain occurs mainly in the winter and spring months (February being the wettest month) with great variations in storm severity year by year. Los Angeles averages 15 inches (381 mm) of precipitation per year. It rarely snows in the city basin, but the mountains slopes within city limits typically receive snow every year. With weather permitting, it is possible to snow ski and surf on the same day in the Los Angeles area. A Mediterranean climate is one that resembles those of the lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea. ... Subtropical (or semitropical) areas are those adjacent to the tropics, usually roughly defined as the ranges 23. ... For other senses of this word, see winter (disambiguation). ... For other senses of this word, see Summer (disambiguation). ... Canoga Park, California is a district of the city of Los Angeles, located within the San Fernando Valley. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ... January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ...

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high °F (°C) 65°F (18°C) 66°F (18°C) 68°F (20°C) 70°F (21°C) 73°F (22°C) 76°F (24°C) 82°F (27°C) 82°F (27°C) 81°F (27°C) 77°F (25°C) 73°F (22°C) 68°F (20°C) 73°F (22°C)
Avg low °F (°C) 48°F (8°C) 49°F (9°C) 50°F (10°C) 53°F (11°C) 56°F (13°C) 58°F (14°C) 62°F (16°C) 63°F (17°C) 61°F (16°C) 58°F (14°C) 53°F (11°C) 50°F (10°C) 55°F (12°C)
Rainfall in. (mm) 2.7" (69mm) 3.1" (79mm) 2.2" (56mm) 1.3" (33mm) 0.3" (7mm) 0.1" (3mm) 0.0" (0mm) 0.0" (0mm) 0.2" (5mm) 0.4" (10mm) 1.1" (28mm) 2.5" (64mm) 14.0" (356mm)
Source: Weatherbase[6]

Environmental issues

Downtown Los Angeles on a smoggy late afternoon with Griffith Observatory in the foreground at left.
Downtown Los Angeles on a smoggy late afternoon with Griffith Observatory in the foreground at left.

Due to the city's geography making it susceptible to atmospheric inversion as well as the population's heavy reliance on automobiles as a major form of transportation, the city suffers from air pollution in the form of smog. The Los Angeles Basin and the San Fernando Valley hold in the fumes from automobiles, diesel trucks, shipping, and locomotive engines, as well as manufacturing and other sources. In addition, the groundwater is increasingly threatened by MTBE from gas stations and perchlorate from rocket fuel. Some consider urban sprawl to be a result of the city's transportation system. Unlike other large cities that rely on rain to clear smog, Los Angeles only gets 15 inches (380 mm) of rain each year, so the smog is able to accumulate over multiple consecutive days. This has brought much attention from the state of California to the need for low emissions vehicles. As a result, pollution levels have dropped markedly in recent decades. The number of Stage 1 smog alerts has declined from over 100 per year in the 1970s to almost zero in the new millennium. Despite this remarkable success, the 2004 annual report of the American Lung Association ranks the city as the most polluted in the country with short-term particle pollution, year-round particle pollution, and ozone pollution.[2] Smog from the basin is pushed towards the mountains, where the pollutants harm trees. However, even more aggressive steps are now being taken to better the air quality in the years to come.[3][4] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (4128x1132, 951 KB) Summary Los Angeles and Griffin Observatory, as viewed from the Hollywood Hills. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (4128x1132, 951 KB) Summary Los Angeles and Griffin Observatory, as viewed from the Hollywood Hills. ... Contemporary view of L.A. from behind the Observatory. ... Smoke rising in Lochcarron is stopped by an overlying layer of warmer air. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This power plant in New Mexico releases sulfur dioxide and particulate matter into the air. ... Victorian London was notorious for its thick smogs, or pea-soupers, a fact that is often recreated to add an air of mystery to a period costume drama. ... The Los Angeles Basin is the coastal sediment-filled plain located between the peninsular and transverse ranges in southern California in the United States containing the central part of the city of Los Angeles. ... Diesel or Diesel fuel is a specific fractional distillate of fuel oil (mostly petroleum) that is used as fuel in a diesel engine invented by German engineer Rudolf Diesel. ... The driver of this DAF tractor with an auto-transport semi-trailer prepares to offload Å koda Octavia cars in Cardiff, Wales For other meanings, see Truck (disambiguation). ... Damaged package The Panama canal. ... A locomotive (from Latin loco motivus) is a railway vehicle that provides the motive power for a train, and has no payload capacity of its own; its sole purpose is to move the train along the tracks. ... Groundwater is water located beneath the ground surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of geologic formations. ... MTBE is highly flammable and is widely used as an oxygenate. ... Modern gas station A filling station, gas station or petrol station is a facility that sells fuel for road motor vehicles – usually petrol (US: gas/gasoline), diesel fuel and LPG. The term gas station is mostly particular to the United States of America and Canada, where petrol is known as... Perchlorates are the salts derived from perchloric acid (HClO4). ... Rocket fuel is a propellant that reacts with an oxidizing agent to produce thrust in a rocket. ... Urban sprawl (also: suburban sprawl) is a term for the rapid and expansive growth of a greater metropolitan area, traditionally suburbs (or exurbs) over a large area. ... The American Lung Association is a non-profit organization which fights lung disease in all its forms, with special emphasis on asthma, tobacco control and environmental health. It was founded in 1904 to fight tuberculosis as the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis. ...


Government

Los Angeles City Hall

The city is governed by a mayor-council system. The current mayor is Antonio Villaraigosa. There are 15 city council districts. Other elected city officials include the city attorney, Rocky Delgadillo, and the city controller, Laura Chick. The city attorney prosecutes misdemeanors within the city limits. The district attorney, elected by county voters, prosecutes misdemeanors in unincorporated areas and in 78 of the 88 cities in the county, as well as felonies throughout the county. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x1536, 665 KB) Los Angeles City Hall. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x1536, 665 KB) Los Angeles City Hall. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... This is a list of mayors of Los Angeles, California. ... Antonio Ramon Villaraigosa (born January 23, 1953) is the current mayor of Los Angeles, California. ... The Los Angeles City Council meets three times a week in city hall. ... Rockard John Rocky Delgadillo (born July 15, 1960) is the current City Attorney of Los Angeles, California. ... Laura N. Chick (1952-) is the current Los Angeles City Controller. ...


The Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) polices the city of Los Angeles, but Los Angeles City also has three specialized police agencies; General Services Police(GSD), which is responsible for security and law enforcement services at city facilities throughout the city, including city hall and civic center, and all city parks; Port Police(HARBOR DEPT.) which is responsible for land,air and sea law enforcement service at the Port of Los Angeles; Airport Police which is responsible for law enforcement services at all 4 city owned airports under the Department of Airports. Parker Center-LAPDs Headquarters LAPD redirects here. ...


The LAPD, Los Angeles Public Library System and Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) are among the largest such organizations in the country. The LAUSD is the second largest school district in the United States; only the New York City Department of Education is larger. The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power provides service to city residents and businesses. The Los Angeles Public Library (LAPL) system serves the residents of Los Angeles, California. ... The Los Angeles Unified School District ( the LAUSD) is the largest (in terms of number of students) public school system in California and the second-largest in the United States. ... The New York City Department of Education is a department of the city of New York which runs almost all of the citys public schools. ... Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) is the largest municipal utility in the United States, serving 3. ... Wall Street, Manhattan is the location of the New York Stock Exchange and is often used as a symbol for the world of business. ...


The city government has been perceived as inefficient and ineffective by residents of some areas, which led to an unsuccessful secession movement by the San Fernando Valley and Hollywood in 2002. The most often raised complaint is that city administration in Downtown gives priority to high-density neighborhoods like Mid-City and Downtown at the expense of its far-flung suburban neighborhoods.


To make the government more responsive and to help encourage the cohesiveness of neighborhood communities, the city council has promoted the formation of neighborhood councils. These advisory councils were first proposed by city council member Joel Wachs in 1996 and were incorporated in the Charter Reform of 1999. The councils cover districts which are not necessarily identical to the traditional neighborhoods of Los Angeles, the borders of which often reflect those of cities that were annexed to Los Angeles. More than 90 neighborhood councils have been formed and all stakeholders in a district may vote for council members. Though the councils have little actual power, they are still official government bodies and so must abide by California's Brown Act that strictly governs the meetings of deliberative assemblies. These and other regulatory requirements have proven frustrating for activists unaccustomed to bureaucratic procedures. The first notable achievement of the neighborhood councils was their organized opposition in March 2004 to an 18% increase in water rates by the Department of Water and Power (a municipal monopoly), which led the city council to suspend the rate hike pending further study. A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... Joel Wachs served as Los Angeles City Councilman for the 2nd district. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... A stakeholder was originally a person who holds money or other property while its owner is being determined. ... The Brown Act, officially known as the Ralph M. Brown Act (California Government Code Sections 54950-54963), authored by Ralph M. Brown, a Central Valley assemblyman representing Turlock, was enacted in 1953 by the California State Legislature in an effort to safeguard the publics right to access and participate... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Notably, the Los Angeles City Council was the first government anywhere to recognize the independence of Slovenia and Croatia.

This is a list of elected officials serving the city of Los Angeles, California. ... This is a list of mayors of Los Angeles, California. ... A sign near City Hall points to the sister cities of Los Angeles. ...

Economy

The economy of Los Angeles is driven by international trade, entertainment (television, motion pictures, recorded music), aerospace, agriculture, petroleum, and tourism. Los Angeles is also the largest manufacturing center in the United States. The contiguous ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach together compose the most significant port in North America and one of the most important ports in the world, and they are vital to trade within the Pacific Rim. Other significant industries include media production, finance, telecommunications, law, health and medicine, and transportation. International trade is the exchange of goods and services across international boundaries or territories. ... Film refers to the celluloid media on which movies are printed. ... The music industry is the industry that creates, performs, promotes, and preserves music. ... Look up aerospace in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... El Nido, Philippines Tourism is the act of travel for the purpose of recreation and business, and the provision of services for this act. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... General Information Founded December 9, 1907 Coordinates  - Latitude  - Longitude 33º4239 N 118º1459 W Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 7500 acres 4200 acres 3300 acres Available Berths 270 Vessel Arrivals 2,813 (FY 2004) Annual container volume 7. ... Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government Country State County United States California Los Angeles County Mayor Beverly ONeill (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 170. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... Map of the Pacific Rim and List of the Pacific Rim Nations The USS Abraham Lincoln Battle Group along with ships from Australia, Chile, Japan, Canada, and Korea speed towards Honolulu in RIMPAC 2000. ... Finance studies and addresses the ways in which individuals, businesses and organizations raise, allocate and use monetary resources over time, taking into account the risks entailed in their projects. ... Telecommunication is the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... See also Portal:Law The stela of King Hammurabi depicts the god Shamash revealing a code of laws to the king. ... This article is about the field of medical practice and health care. ...


The city is home to three major Fortune 500 companies, including aerospace contractor Northrop Grumman, energy company Occidental Petroleum Corporation, and homebuilding company KB Home. The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... The Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) is an aerospace and defense conglomerate that is the result of a 1994 merger between Northrop and Grumman. ... Occidental Petroleum Corporation (Oxy) (NYSE: OXY) is an international petroleum exploration and development company headquartered in the Westwood district of Los Angeles. ... KB Home is a housing construction company based in the United States, founded in 1957. ...


Other companies headquartered in Los Angeles include Twentieth Century Fox, Herbalife, Univision, Metro Interactive, LLC, Premier America, CB Richard Ellis, Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP, Guess, Inc., O'Melveny & Myers LLP, Paul, Hastings, Janofsky & Walker LLP, TOKYOPOP, The Jim Henson Company, Paramount Pictures, Robinsons-May, Sunkist, Fox Sports Net, Health Net, Inc., 21st Century Insurance, and The Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf. Related articles FOX Television Network Fox Searchlight Pictures Fox Entertainment Group List of Hollywood movie studios List of movies Variant of current 20th Century Fox logo External links 20th Century Fox Movies official site Twentieth Century Fox is also the punning title of a song by The Doors on their... Founded in 1980, Herbalife International NYSE: HLF is a company that sells weight-loss and health products by multi-level marketing methods through distributorships. ... Univision (pronounced Univisión in Spanish; NYSE: UVN) is the largest Spanish-language television network in the United States, and overall, the fifth-largest American network (right behind Fox, ABC, NBC, and CBS); and is one of ten major mainstream/commercial broadcast networks in the United States, alongside NBC, CBS... Premier America is a credit union headquartered in Chatsworth, California. ... CB Richard Ellis Group, Inc. ... Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher is an international law firm, founded in Los Angeles in 1873. ... OMelveny & Myers LLP is an international law firm based in Los Angeles, California. ... For the music movie, see Tokyo Pop. ... The Jim Henson Company is a company founded in 1958 by puppeteer Jim Henson, creator of The Muppets. ... The Paramount Pictures logo used since 2003. ... Robinsons-May is the current name used by a chain of department stores operating in the Southern California, Arizona and Las Vegas, Nevada, previously with headquarters in North Hollywood, California. ... Sunkist can refer to two related entitites Sunkist Growers, Incorporated, a citrus growers cooperative Sunkist (soft drink) - a carbonated orange soft drink made under license from Sunkist Growers, Inc. ... Fox Sports Net headquarters in Los Angeles. ... Health Net, Inc. ... Coffee Bean & Tea Leaf is a Los Angeles-based coffee chain founded by Mona and Herbert Hyman, one of the oldest and largest privately-held chain of specialty coffee and tea stores. ...


The metropolitan area contains the headquarters of even more companies, many of whom wish to escape the city's high taxes. For example, Los Angeles charges a gross receipts tax based on a percentage of business revenue, while most neighboring cities charge only small flat fees. The companies below clearly benefit from their proximity to Los Angeles, while at the same time they also avoid the city's taxes (and other problems). Some of the major companies headquartered in the cities of Los Angeles county are Shakey's Pizza (Alhambra), Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (Beverly Hills), City National Bank (Beverly Hills), Hilton Hotels (Beverly Hills), DiC Entertainment (Burbank), The Walt Disney Company (Fortune 500 - Burbank), Warner Bros. (Burbank), Countrywide Financial Corporation (Fortune 500 - Calabasas), THQ (Calabasas), Belkin (Compton), Sony Pictures Entertainment (parent of Columbia Pictures, located in Culver City), Computer Sciences Corporation (Fortune 500 - El Segundo), DirecTV (El Segundo), Mattel (Fortune 500 - El Segundo), Unocal (Fortune 500 - El Segundo), DreamWorks SKG (Glendale), Sea Launch (Long Beach), ICANN (Marina Del Rey), Cunard Line (Santa Clarita), Princess Cruises (Santa Clarita), Activision (Santa Monica), and RAND (Santa Monica). Shakeys Pizza Restaurant (also known simply as Shakeys) is a pizza restaurant chain based in the United States. ... Alhambra is a city (incorporated on 11 July 1903) located in the western San Gabriel Valley region of Los Angeles County, California which is approx. ... Founded on May 11, 1927 in California, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) is a professional honorary organization dedicated to the advancement of the arts and sciences of motion pictures. ... Beverly Hills is a city in the western part of Los Angeles County, California, entirely surrounded by the city of Los Angeles. ... City National Bank, headquartered in Beverly Hills, California, is owned by City National Corporation (NYSE: CYN) with total assets of $14. ... Hilton is the flagship brand of Hilton Hotels Corporation (but not the luxury brand - see Conrad Hotels) and is based in Beverly Hills, California. ... DiC Entertainment (pronounced deek) is an international film production company which was created in 1971 by Jean Chalopin in Luxembourg, as a subsidiary of Radio-Television Luxembourg. ... This article or section should be merged with Burbank, Los Angeles County, California This article is about the Burbank in Southern California. ... The Walt Disney Company (most commonly known as Disney) (NYSE: DIS) is one of the largest media and entertainment corporations in the world. ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... Warner Bros. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Calabasas is a city in Los Angeles County, California, in the western United States. ... THQ Inc. ... The Belkin logo Belkin Corporation is a global manufacturer of computer hardware which specializes in connectivity devices. ... Compton is a city located in southern Los Angeles County, California, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 93,493. ... Sony Pictures Entertainment (SPE, Sony Pictures Entertainment Inc. ... Columbia Pictures current logo. ... Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC) NYSE: CSC is an information technology (IT) and business services company headquartered in El Segundo, California, USA. Its mission is to help clients achieve strategic goals and profit from the use of information technology. ... The El Segundo skyline, as seen from Sepulveda Boulevard (CA/SR-1) El Segundo is a city in Los Angeles County, California on the Santa Monica Bay, incorporated on January 18, 1917. ... DirecTV is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service that transmits digital satellite television and audio to households in the United States of America. ... Mattel Inc. ... The Unocal Corporation (NYSE: UCL), based in Los Angeles, California, was founded in 1890 as the Union Oil Company of California. ... The DreamWorks Boy on the Moon Logo DreamWorks SKG (Spielberg, Katzenberg, Geffen) is a Big Ten studio in the United States of America which develops, produces, and distributes films, music, and television programming. ... Nickname The Jewel City Location Location of Glendale within Los Angeles County and the State of California. ... Sea Launch command ship Sea Launch Commander Sea Launch launch platform Ocean Odyssey Sea Launch is a spacecraft launch service, which uses mobile sea platform for equatorial launches of commercial payloads on top of specialized Zenit-3SL rockets. ... Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government Country State County United States California Los Angeles County Mayor Beverly ONeill (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 170. ... ICANN (pronounced I can) is the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. ... Marina del Rey boat harbor Marina del Rey is a census-designated place and seaside town located in an unincorporated area of Los Angeles County, California. ... The Cunard Line formerly Cunard White Star Line is the British cruise line that operates the RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) and RMS Queen Mary 2 (QM2) ocean liners. ... Location Location of Santa Clarita in California and Los Angeles County Coordinates , Government Country State County United States California Los Angeles Incorporated 1987 City Council Laurene Weste (mayor) Marsha McLean Frank Ferry Bob Kellar Cameron Smyth Geographical characteristics Area     City 123. ... Sea Princess at Fort-de-France Princess Cruises is an American cruise line made famous by The Love Boat TV series, in which two of its former ships, the Island Princess and Pacific Princess were featured. ... Activision, Inc. ... Santa Monica beach and pier Santa Monica Pier entrance Santa Monica is a coastal city in western Los Angeles County, California, USA. It borders Santa Monica Bay (part of the Pacific Ocean) on the west, Pacific Palisades and Brentwood on the north, West Los Angeles and Mar Vista on the... RAND Headquarters The RAND Corporation is a global policy think tank first formed to offer research and analysis to the United States armed forces. ...


There are many other well-known companies with headquarters located in the County of Los Angeles or the greater Los Angeles area, but they are far beyond the City of Los Angeles (and the scope of this article).

Further information: Los Angeles County Economy

Los Angeles County is a county in California, and the most populous county in the United States, with 10,179,716 residents (as of July 2004)[1]. The county seat is the city of Los Angeles. ...

Demographics

Los Angeles at night, photographed from Mulholland Drive.
Los Angeles at night, photographed from Mulholland Drive.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (976x1296, 497 KB) Summary Photo taken from Mulholland drive by Eino Mustonen Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (976x1296, 497 KB) Summary Photo taken from Mulholland drive by Eino Mustonen Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version...

Census 2000

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 3,694,820 people, 1,275,412 households, and 798,407 families residing in the city. The population density was 7,876.8 people per square mile (3,041.3/km²). There were 1,337,706 housing units at an average density of 2,851.8 per square mile (1,101.1/km²). Los Angeles, along with Miami, is the first minority-majority large city in the country. The racial makeup of the city was 46.93% White, 11.24% African American, 0.80% Native American, 15.89% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 25.70% from other races, and 5.18% from two or more races. 46.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race and 29.75% were White, not of Latino/Hispanic origins. Los Angeles is home to one of the largest communities of Asian-Americans of any city in the United States. Filipinos form the largest Asian ethnic group. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... // An Asian American is generally defined as a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ...


There were 1,275,412 households of which 33.5% had children under 18, 41.9% were married couples, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 28.5% of households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size 3.56. A marriage is a relationship between or among individuals, usually recognized by civil authority and/or bound by the religious beliefs of the participants. ... In mathematics, there are numerous methods for calculating the average or central tendency of a list of n numbers. ...


The age distribution was: 26.6% under 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 or older. The median age was 32. For every 100 females there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.


The median income for a household was $36,687, and for a family was $39,942. Males had a median income of $31,880, females $30,197. The per capita income was $20,671. 22.1% of the population and 18.3% of families were below the poverty line. 30.3% of those under the age of 18 and 12.6% of those aged 65 or older were below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


The city's gross population density statistic is deceptively low, because of the sparsely-inhabited Santa Monica Mountains which separate the Los Angeles Basin from the San Fernando Valley. South of the Santa Monica Mountains, the population density throughout most of the city is much greater than 7,876.8 people per square mile (3,041.3/km²). Los Angeles has some of the most densely-populated urban land in the United States. Parts of L.A. would rank second in the U.S. only to New York City in population density if they were separate cities. The region bounded approximately by the Los Angeles River, Sunset Boulevard and Hollywood Boulevard, Fairfax Avenue and Vernon Avenue provides a good example. The land area, 50 square miles (130 km²), is only slightly larger than San Francisco but, according to U.S. Census Bureau data, this region housed about 30% more people in 2000 (more than 1,000,000). Santa Monica Mountains The Santa Monica Mountains are a low transverse range in southern California in the United States. ... The Los Angeles Basin is the coastal sediment-filled plain located between the peninsular and transverse ranges in southern California in the United States containing the central part of the city of Los Angeles. ... San Fernando Valley The San Fernando Valley is an urbanized valley in southern California, lying mostly within the city limits of Los Angeles. ... Santa Monica Mountains The Santa Monica Mountains are a low transverse range in southern California in the United States. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Big Apple Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,214. ... The Los Angeles River, highlighted in red (on the left). ... Sunset Boulevard (officially known as West Sunset Boulevard, except in Beverly Hills) is a street in the western part of Los Angeles County, California, that stretches from Figueroa Street in downtown Los Angeles to the Pacific Coast Highway at the Pacific Ocean in the Pacific Palisades. ... Hollywood Boulevard as taken from the Kodak Theatre Hollywood Boulevard is an avenue in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, United States, beginning at Sunset Boulevard in the east and running northwest to Vermont Avenue, where it straightens out and runs due west to Laurel Canyon Boulevard. ... Fairfax Avenue is a street on the west side of Los Angeles, California, which runs from Culver City at its southern end to West Hollywood on its northern end. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The City by the Bay; The City That Knows How; Golden Mountain (historic Chinese name) Location Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates , Government City-County San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom Geographical characteristics Area     City 600. ...


It is also of interest to note that the post-1950 population increase did not occur exclusively in suburban or peripheral locations. The increase in the central area population—while many other American cities have experienced central area population declines—is due in part to Los Angeles' large immigrant population.


National origins

City of Los Angeles
Population by year [2]
1890 50,395
1900 102,479
1910 319,198
1920 576,673
1930 1,238,048
1940 1,504,277
1950 1,970,358
1960 2,479,015
1970 2,816,061
1980 2,966,850
1990 3,485,398
2000 3,694,820
2005 3,844,829

Of 2,182,114 U.S.-born people, 1,485,576 were born in California, 663,746 were born in a different state of the United States of America, and 31,792 were born in a United States territory (Puerto Rico, Guam, U.S. Virgin Islands, or Northern Marianas). 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... This article is about the year. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) is a commonwealth in political union with the United States of America at a strategic location in the West Pacific Ocean. ...


Of 1,512,720 foreign born people, 100,252 were born in Europe, 376,767 were born in Asia, 20,730 were born in Africa, 4,104 were born in Oceania, 996,996 were born in Latin America, and 13,859 were born in Northern America. Of such foreign-born people, 569,771 entered between 1990 to March 2000. 509,841 are naturalized citizens and 1,002,879 are not citizens. World map showing Europe Political map Europe is one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Africa is the worlds second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia. ... Oceania is a geographical, often geopolitical, region consisting of numerous lands—mostly islands but sometimes including Australia—in the Pacific Ocean and vicinity. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Northern America is a name for the parts of North America besides Mexico when Mexico is considered as Latin America. ... This article is about the year. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Naturalization is the act whereby a person voluntarily and actively acquires a nationality which is not his or her nationality at birth. ...


Religion

Los Angeles is home to adherents of many religions, and by some estimates is one of the most religiously diverse locations in the world, containing sizable communities of most major religions. [citation needed] The Roman Catholic Archbishop of Los Angeles leads the largest archdiocese in the country. Roger Cardinal Mahony oversaw construction of the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, completed in 2002 at the north end of downtown. The Los Angeles Temple of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is their second-largest temple and is located in West Los Angeles. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles covers the City of Los Angeles as well as Los Angeles, Santa Barbara and Ventura counties, California. ... His Eminence Roger Cardinal Mahony Roger Michael Cardinal Mahony (b. ... The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels is the motherchurch of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. ... The Los Angeles Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints The Los Angeles Temple is the tenth operating temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the largest attraction in the citys Temple Square. ... The Westside as seen looking north from Loyola Marymount University . ...


The Azusa Street Revival (1906–1909) in Los Angeles was a key milestone in the history of the Pentecostal movement. Not long after Christian Fundamentalism received its name and crucial promotion in Los Angeles. In 1909, the Bible Institute of Los Angeles (B.I.O.L.A. now Biola University) published and widely distributed a set of books called The Fundamentals, which presented a defense of the traditional conservative interpretation of the Bible. The term fundamentalism is derived from these books. The Azusa Street Revival (1906–1909) took place in Los Angeles, California, and was led by William Seymour (1870–1922), an African American preacher. ... The Pentecostal movement within Protestant Christianity places special emphasis on the gifts of the Holy Spirit. ... In comparative religion, fundamentalism has come to refer to several different understandings of religious thought and practice, through literal interpretation of religious texts such as the Bible or the Quran and sometimes also anti-modernist movements in various religions. ... Biola University is a private Christian university, located in the city of La Mirada in Los Angeles County, California with a satellite campus in Vista. ... The Gutenberg Bible owned by the United States Library of Congress The Bible (Hebrew: תנ״ך tanakh, Greek: η Βίβλος hÄ“ biblos, the book) (sometimes The Holy Bible, The Book, Work of God, The Word of God, The Word, The Good Book, Scripture, or The Scriptures), is the name used by Jews and Christians...


In the 1920s, Aimee Semple McPherson established a thriving evangelical ministry, with her Angelus Temple in Echo Park open to both black and white church members of the Foursquare Church. Billy Graham became a celebrity during a successful revival campaign in Los Angeles in 1949. Herbert W. Armstrong's Worldwide Church of God used to have its headquarters in nearby Pasadena, now in Glendale. Until his death in 2005, Dr. Gene Scott was based near downtown. The Metropolitan Community Church, a fellowship of Christian congregations a focus on outreach to gays and lesbians, was started in Los Angeles in 1968 by Troy Perry. Jack Chick, of "Chick Tracts", was born in Boyle Heights and lived in the area most of his life. Aimee Semple McPherson (1890-1944) Aimee Semple McPherson (October 9, 1890 – September 27, 1944), also known as Sister Aimee or simply Sister, was an evangelist and media sensation in the 1920s and 1930s, founder of the Foursquare Church. ... The Angelus Temple, built by Aimee Semple McPherson and dedicated January 1, 1923. ... Billy Graham, April 1966 The Rev. ... Herbert W. Armstrong (July 31, 1892 – January 16, 1986) was the founder of the Worldwide Church of God. ... The Worldwide Church of God was founded in 1933 by Herbert W. Armstrong as the Radio Church of God. ... Pasadena is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Nickname The Jewel City Location Location of Glendale within Los Angeles County and the State of California. ... Dr. w. ... Logo of the Metropolitan Community Churches The Metropolitan Community Church (in full, The Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches or UFMCC, or more commonly MCC) is an international fellowship of Christian congregations. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... Jack Thomas Chick (born April 13, 1924) of Chick Publications is an American comic book artist and publisher. ... Chick Publications is an American publishing company run by Jack Chick which produces and markets Protestant fundamentalist pamphlets, DVDs, VCDs, videos, books, a poster, and (most famously) comic tracts in many languages. ...


Because of Los Angeles's large multi-ethnic population, there are numerous organizations in the area representing a wide variety of faiths, including Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Sikhism, Bahá'í, various Eastern Orthodox Churches, Sufism and others. Immigrants from Asia for example, have formed a number of significant Buddhist congregations making the city home to the biggest variety of Buddhists in the world. There are over 300 temples in Los Angeles. Los Angeles has been a destination for Swamis and Gurus since as early as 1900, including Paramahansa Yogananda (1920). The Self-Realization Fellowship is headquartered in Hollywood and has a private park in Pacific Palisades. Los Angeles is the home to a number of Neopagans, as well as adherents of various other mystical religions. One wing of the Theosophist movement is centered in Los Angeles, and another is in neighboring Pasadena. Maharishi Mahesh Yogi founded the Transcendental Meditation movement in Los Angeles in the late 1950s. The Kabbalah Centre is in the city. The Church of Scientology has had a major presence in Los Angeles since it opened February 18, 1954, and the city probably contains more Scientologists than any other city in the world. They have several churches, museums, and recruiting sites in the area, most notably the Celebrity Centre in Hollywood.[citation needed]
For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ... Buddhism is a religion, philosophy, and arguably a psychology, focusing on the teachings of the Buddha Śākyamuni (Siddhārtha Gautama), who lived in ancient India most likely from the mid-6th to the early 5th century BCE. Buddhism spread throughout the Indian subcontinent in the five centuries following the Buddha... Hinduism (Sanskrit - Sanātana (eternal) Dharma also known as Vaidika (Vedic) Dharma) is a religion or philosophy that originated from the Indian subcontinent and nearby surrounding areas. ... Zoroastrianism is the name of the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathushtra, Zartosht). ... The Harimandir Sahib, known popularly as the Golden Temple, is a sacred shrine for Sikhs. ... Seat of the Universal House of Justice, governing body of the Baháís in Haifa, Israel The Baháí Faith is a religion founded by Baháulláh in 19th century Persia. ... Pentecost is considered in Eastern Orthodoxy to be the birth of the Church. ... Sufism (Persian: صوفی‌گری Sufi gari, Arabic: تصوف, taṣawwuf) is a mystic tradition of Islam. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Buddhism is a religion, philosophy, and arguably a psychology, focusing on the teachings of the Buddha Śākyamuni (Siddhārtha Gautama), who lived in ancient India most likely from the mid-6th to the early 5th century BCE. Buddhism spread throughout the Indian subcontinent in the five centuries following the Buddha... Swami playing the Harmonium Swami is a primarily Hindu honorific, loosely akin to master. It is derived from the Sanskrit language and means owner of oneself, denoting complete mastery over instinctive and lower urges. ... Guru - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday. ... Paramhansa Yogananda Paramahansa Yogananda परमहंस योगानन्‍द (January 5, 1893 – March 7, 1952), was an Indian yogi and guru. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ... Gateway to the gardens and headquarters in Los Angeles, California The Self-Realization Fellowship is a religious organization founded by Paramahansa Yogananda in 1920. ... Neopaganism or Neo-Paganism [1] is any of a heterogeneous group of new religious movements, particularly those influenced by ancient, primarily pre-Christian and sometimes pre-Judaic religions. ... Seal of the Theosophical Society Theosophy is a body of belief which holds that all religions are attempts by man to ascertain the Divine, and as such each religion has a portion of the truth. ... Pasadena is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Maharishi Mahesh Yogi Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (born Mahesh Srivastava in 1917) is the creator of Transcendental Meditation (TM) and leader of the Transcendental Meditation Movement. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Kabbalah Centre is a controversial California-based organization which claims to teach Kabbalah (Jewish mysticism). ... The Church of Scientology is the largest organization devoted to the practice and the promotion of the Scientology belief system. ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Crime

The COMPSTAT unit of the LAPD tabulates Part I offenses (violent and property crimes) committed in the city. Los Angeles has been experiencing significant decline in Part I offenses since the mid-1990s, and hit a record low in 2005, with 43,231 acts of violence, of which 487 were homicides. Criminality peaked in 1992 with 72,667 recorded acts of violence, of which 1,096 were homicides; and 245,129 recorded property crimes. The distribution of homicides in the city is uneven with nearly half of such crimes occurring in the four stations of the South Bureau of the LAPD encompassing South Los Angeles and the Harbor area. A further quarter occur in the areas covered by the Central Bureau which covers Downtown and its environs. Property crimes were three times more common than violent crimes; 110,231 were recorded in 2005. The Los Angeles Police Department (usually known as the LAPD) is the police department of the City of Los Angeles, California. ...


Despite negative stereotypes, when compared to other large cities, Los Angeles fares relatively well, with a total crime index lower than that of San Francisco, Chicago, and Boston. Also, among the largest cities in the United States, only New York City has a lower overall crime rate per capita.


Many movies and songs about Los Angeles depict the notion that the city is home to a large number of gangsters and professional criminals, which is true, but the number of criminals in the county is relatively small. According to a May 2001 Drug Threat Assessment by the National Drug Intelligence Center,[5] Los Angeles County is home to 152,000 gang members organized into 1,350 gangs. Car chases happen more often than in most other major cities, with the city's complex freeway system allowing for lengthier pursuits. Other common crimes include: car-to-car shootings (see road rage), drive-by shootings, hit-and-run accidents, and carjackings. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... for other uses please see Crime (disambiguation) A crime is an act that violates a political or moral law. ... Map of California showing Los Angeles County. ... Car chase often describes the pursuit of a criminal by police, and is increasingly captured on film from media and police helicopters. ... Road rage or road violence is the common name for deliberately dangerous and/or violent behaviour under the influence of heightened anger by a motor vehicle operator that affects the safety of one or more other operators or bystanders. ... A drive-by shooting (sometimes referred to merely as a drive-by) is an attack on a person carried out with one or more firearms, usually automatic handguns or sub-machine guns from a moving vehicle (or a momentarily stopped vehicle). ... Hit and run is the act of hitting an object with a vehicle and leaving the location of the incident. ... A Carjacking scene from the film Reservoir Dogs. ...


Culture

The people of Los Angeles are known as Angelenos. L.A. can truly be described as a "world city" (Alpha World City) — that is, it has one of the largest and most diverse populations of any municipality anywhere. It has the second largest percentage of foreign-born citizens of any major U.S. city, after Miami. The Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) is the number one entry for immigrants in the country. The Hispanic and Asian American populations are growing particularly quickly — the Asian American population is the largest of any city in the U.S and the city contains the largest concentration of Los Angeles County's 1.4 million Asians. Los Angeles hosts the largest populations of Armenians, Cambodians, Filipinos, Guatemalans, Hungarians, Iranians, Israelis, Koreans, Mexicans, Salvadorans, Thais, and Vietnamese in the world outside of their respective countries. Los Angeles is also home to the largest populations of Persians (Iranians) and Japanese living in the U.S., and has one of the largest Native American populations in the country. A global city and world city, or world-class city, is a city that has a direct and tangible effect on global affairs through socioeconomic, cultural, and/or political means. ... The Magic City, The American Riviera, The Sixth Borough, M.I.A Location of Miami in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Runway layout at LAX LAX redirects here. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... An Atsina named Assiniboin Boy Photo by Edward S. Curtis. ...

Los Angeles is home to people from more than 140 countries, who speak at least 224 different languages. Ethnic enclaves like Chinatown, Historic Filipinotown, Koreatown, Little Armenia, Little Phnom Penh, Little Ethiopia, Little Persia, Little Tokyo, Thai Town, and Little Saigon give testimony to the polyglot character of Los Angeles and its unique diversity. From http://pdphoto. ... From http://pdphoto. ... Walt Disney Concert Hall, LA Another view Walt Disney Concert Hall at night The Walt Disney Concert Hall in downtown Los Angeles, California is the fourth hall of the Los Angeles Music Center. ... Gehrys most famous work, the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain Frank Owen Gehry, CC (born Ephraim Owen Goldberg, February 28, 1929 in Toronto, Canada) is an architect known for his sculptural approach to building design. ... New Chinatown, Los Angeles postcard, late 1940s Chinatown in Downtown Los Angeles, California, was originally located less than a mile from its current location. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Wilshire Boulevard in Koreatown Koreatown, also known as Wilshire Center, is a district in the city of Los Angeles, California. ... Little Armenia is a nickname for the East Hollywood neighborhood of Los Angeles, California centered on Hollywood Boulevard. ... Little Phnom Penh (or less often Cambodia Town or Little Cambodia) is the name of the area along Anaheim Street between Alamitos and Junipero avenues in Long Beach, California. ... Little Ethiopia refers to the stretch of Fairfax Avenue on the West Side of Los Angeles, California between Olympic and Pico boulevards. ... Little Persia in Westwood, Los Angeles, California refers to the stretch of Westwood Boulevard between Pico and Wilshire Boulevards. ... The New Otani Hotel is the tallest hotel in the Little Tokyo area. ... Thai Town is a neighborhood of Los Angeles centered along Hollywood Boulevard between Normandie Avenue and Western Avenue in Hollywood. ... Little Saigon is a name given to any of several overseas Vietnamese immigrant and descendant communities outside Vietnam, usually in the United States. ... Polyglot has several meanings: Look up Polyglot on Wiktionary, the free dictionary The property of speaking multiple languages A polyglot is a person that can speak many languages A polyglot is a book that contains the same text in more than one language, usually a bible such as the first...


Great restaurants of all types abound in Los Angeles, thus the city is a fine location for exquisite dining. Many celebrity chefs are also based in the city, the most notable being Wolfgang Puck. The nightlife in Los Angeles is very vibrant, with an immense array of bars, clubs, lounges, and other venues that cater to many tastes. Nighttime hotspots include places such as Downtown Los Angeles, Silver Lake, Hollywood, and West Hollywood, which is the home of the world-famous Sunset Strip. Furthermore, the Los Angeles area also boasts a prominent shopping scene. Anything can be bought in the city; some of the best shopping areas include Rodeo Drive in Beverly Hills, Third Street Promenade and Montana Avenue in Santa Monica, Old Town Pasadena, the Hollywood and Highland complex, the Beverly Center, The Grove, Melrose Avenue, and Robertson Boulevard. Wolfgang Puck (born 8 January 1949 in St. ...

The following notable people were born in the city of Los Angeles, California: Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Willie Aames – actor Paula Abdul – singer... This is a list of songs about Los Angeles, California, set there, named after a location or feature of the city, named after a famous resident, or inspired by an event in Los Angeles. ...

Arts and theatre

The famous Hollywood sign, a symbol of the city's world famous entertainment culture.
The famous Hollywood sign, a symbol of the city's world famous entertainment culture.

Los Angeles is widely referred to as the entertainment capital of the world. The largest and most famous entertainment industries in Los Angeles are television and film production, with the music business and the arts being huge industries as well. The city also offers several cultural institutions, and some of the most notable include the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA), the Getty Center and Villa, the Museum of Contemporary Art (MOCA), the Museum of Neon Art (MONA), the Norton Simon Museum, the Museum of Tolerance, the Skirball Cultural Center, the Latino Museum of History, Art, and Culture, the George C. Page Museum, the Japanese American National Museum, the California Science Center, and the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. There are also numerous smaller art galleries throughout the area, most noticeably in West Hollywood and Santa Monica. In regards to the performing arts, there are many venues such the Music Center of Los Angeles County (consisting of the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, home of the Los Angeles Opera, the Ahmanson Theatre, which hosts big Broadway productions, and the Mark Taper Forum), the Ford Amphitheatre, the Greek Theatre, the Hollywood Bowl, the Pantages Theatre, and the new home of the Academy Awards, the Kodak Theatre. The city also has many smaller theaters such as the famous Actors Gang Theatre or the Coronet Theatre. There are also many architectural landmarks such as the Walt Disney Concert Hall, home to the world-renowned Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra, the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, and the Bradbury Building. There is also a great rennaissance of downtown Los Angeles as an arts and entertainment district, with the restoration and development of historic buildings, Broadway theatres, and businesses such as restaurants and clubs. Many Angelenos are also migrating there to live, with the construction of hundreds of new penthouses and lofts. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3248x2160, 2603 KB) Summary A close-up view of the Hollywood Sign in Hollywood, California. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3248x2160, 2603 KB) Summary A close-up view of the Hollywood Sign in Hollywood, California. ... The Hollywood Sign as it appears today The Hollywood Sign is a famous landmark in the Hollywood area of Los Angeles, California, spelling out the name of the area in 45-foot high white letters. ... The arts and culture of Los Angeles are varied. ... The Los Angeles County Museum of Art, also known as LACMA, is the official art museum of the County of Los Angeles, California. ... A building at the Getty Center, seen from the Central Garden The Getty Center in Los Angeles, California, USA, is the current home of the J. Paul Getty Museum as well as a research institute, conservation institute, grant program, and leadership institute. ... MOCA, Downtown Los Angeles. ... The Museum of Neon Art (MONA) is a small museum in Los Angeles, California devoted to art built using neon lighting. ... The Norton Simon Museum is an art museum located in Pasadena, California, originally known by several other names. ... The Museum of Tolerance is a multimedia museum designed to examine racism and prejudice in the United States and the world with a strong focus on the history of the Holocaust. ... The Skirball Cultural Center is a facility in Los Angeles, California devoted to Jewish culture and heritage. ... La Brea Tar Pits in Los Angeles Countys Miracle Mile District. ... The Japanese American National Museum, located in the Little Tokyo area near downtown Los Angeles, California, is devoted to preserving the history and culture of Japanese-Americans. ... The California Science Center (sometimes spelled California Sciencenter) is a museum in Los Angeles. ... The Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County opened in Exposition Park in 1913 as the Museum of History, Science, and Art. ... It has been suggested that Vanity gallery be merged into this article or section. ... The Dorothy Chandler Pavilion is one of the halls in the Los Angeles Music Center (which is one of the three largest performing arts centers in the nation). ... The Los Angeles Opera is a world-class opera company in Los Angeles, California. ... The Mark Taper Forum is a small (<1000 seats) theater-in-the-round (thrust stage) at the Los Angeles Music Center. ... The Greek Theatre is a 5,700-seat amphitheater located at Griffith Park in Los Angeles, California. ... The Hollywood Bowl is a modern amphitheatre in Hollywood, California, USA, that is used primarily for music performances. ... There are multiple venues named the Pantages Theatre: Canada There is a Pantages Theatre in Toronto, which has been renamed the Canon Theatre. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent film awards in the United States and most watched awards ceremony in the world. ... The Kodak Theatre in Hollywood. ... The Actors Gang Theatre is a Los Angeles, California theatre company. ... The Coronet Theatre is a longstanding Los Angeles theatre. ... Walt Disney Concert Hall, LA Another view Walt Disney Concert Hall at night The Walt Disney Concert Hall in downtown Los Angeles, California is the fourth hall of the Los Angeles Music Center. ... The Los Angeles Philharmonic is an orchestra based in Los Angeles, California, USA. From 1964-2003, the orchestra played its concerts in the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion of the Los Angeles Music Center. ... The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels is the motherchurch of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. ... Front entrance of Bradbury The Bradbury Building is an architectural landmark in Los Angeles, California, in the United States. ...


Because the city is the center of the film industry, movie theaters also abound in the metro area, with the most famous being Grauman's Chinese Theatre, which hosts many film premieres, and the El Capitan Theatre. As a major global metropolis, Los Angeles has also evolved a unique culture of glamour, opulence, and prosperity that is widely portrayed in popular media. While much portrayal of Los Angeles is positive or at least neutral, it has developed a negative connotation among some sectors of society, where it is criticized for a culture of materialism and irresponsibility out-of-step with more mainstream American values. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The El Capitan Theatre is a fully restored movie palace at 6838 Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, California, owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company. ...


Residents of the city of Los Angeles are served by the Los Angeles Public Library (LAPL) and its branch locations. Residents of the unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County and various cities within the county are served by the County of Los Angeles Public Library The LAPL is funded by voter-approved bond and tax levy packages. The Central Library is located in downtown Los Angeles and has been recognized as a National Historic Site. The Los Angeles Public Library (LAPL) system serves the residents of Los Angeles, California. ... The County of Los Angeles Public Library or County Library system serves residents living in 51 of the 88 incorporated cities of Los Angeles County and those living in unincorporated areas resulting in a service area extending over 3,000 square miles. ... National Historic Site is a designation for a protected area of historic significance. ...

The following is a list of important sites of interest in and around the city of Los Angeles, California. ... This is a list of movies set in Los Angeles, California: // 1920s Hollywood (1923) 1930s What Price Hollywood? (1932) A Star Is Born (1937) 1940s Double Indemnity (1944) Murder My Sweet (1944) Mildred Pierce (1945) The Big Sleep (1946) The Postman Always Rings Twice (1946) 1950s Sunset Boulevard (1950) The...

Sports

Los Angeles is the home of the Los Angeles Dodgers, the Los Angeles Lakers and Los Angeles Clippers , the Los Angeles Sparks, the Los Angeles Kings, the Los Angeles Galaxy and Club Deportivo Chivas USA, the Los Angeles Riptide, and the Los Angeles Avengers, while nearby Anaheim is the home of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim, and the Anaheim Ducks. Los Angeles has been without an NFL franchise since 1995 despite being the second-biggest television market in North America. Prior to 1995, the Rams (1946-1994) and the Raiders (1982-1994) of the NFL were in the Los Angeles market. Major league affiliations National League (1890-present) West Division (1969-present) Current uniform Ballpark Dodger Stadium (1962-present) Major league titles World Series titles (6) 1988 â€¢ 1981 â€¢ 1965 â€¢ 1963 1959 â€¢ 1955 NL Pennants (21) 1988 â€¢ 1981 â€¢ 1978 â€¢ 1977 1974 â€¢ 1966 â€¢ 1965 â€¢ 1963 1959 â€¢ 1956 â€¢ 1955 â€¢ 1953 1952 â€¢ 1949 â€¢ 1947 â€¢ 1941... The Los Angeles Lakers are a professional basketball team based in Los Angeles, California. ... The Los Angeles Clippers are a professional basketball team based in Los Angeles, California. ... The Los Angeles Sparks are a Womens National Basketball Association team based in Los Angeles, California. ... The Los Angeles Kings are a professional ice hockey team based in Los Angeles, California, USA. They play in the National Hockey League (NHL). ... Year Founded 1995 League Major League Soccer Stadium The Home Depot Center Coach Frank Yallop, 2006— First Game Los Angeles Galaxy 2–1 MetroStars (Rose Bowl; April 13, 1996) Largest Win Dallas Burn 1–8 Los Angeles Galaxy (Cotton Bowl; June 4, 1998) Worst Defeat MetroStars 5–0 Los Angeles... Year Founded 2004 League Major League Soccer Stadium Home Depot Center Coach Bob Bradley, 2006- First Game Chivas USA 0 - 2 D.C. United (Home Depot Center; April 2, 2005) Largest Win Chivas USA 5 - 1 Real Salt Lake (Home Depot Center; July 9, 2005) Worst Defeat 0 - 3, four... The Los Angeles Riptide are a lacrosse team based in Carson, California. ... Conference American Division Western Year founded 2000 Home arena Staples Center City, State Los Angeles, California Wild card titles 3: 2002, 2003, 2004 Division titles 1: 2005 Conference titles none ArenaBowl championships none The Los Angeles Avengers is an Arena Football League (AFL) team based in Los Angeles, California. ... Major league affiliations American League (1961-present) West Division (1969-present) Current uniform Ballpark Angel Stadium of Anaheim (1966-present) Major league titles World Series titles (1) 2002 AL Pennants (1) 2002 West Division titles (5) 2005 â€¢ 2004 â€¢ 1986 â€¢ 1982 1979 Wild card berths (1) 2002 The Los Angeles Angels... The Anaheim Ducks (formerly known as The Mighty Ducks of Anaheim) are a professional ice hockey team based in Anaheim, California. ... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A media market, broadcast market, or simply market is a region where the population can receive the same (or similar) television and radio station offerings, and may also include other types of media including newspapers or Internet content. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... City St. ... City Oakland, California Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Art Shell Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis Local radio Flagship stations: KSFO (560 AM)-English and KZSF (1370 AM)-Spanish Announcers: George Atkinson, Tom Flores, Greg Papa, and Jim Plunkett (English) and Erwin Higueros and Ambrosio Rico (Spanish...


Beach volleyball and windsurfing were both invented in the area (though predecessors of both were invented in some form by Duke Kahanamoku in Hawaii). Venice, also known as Dogtown, is credited with being the birthplace of skateboarding and the place where Rollerblading first became popular. Area beaches are popular with surfers, who have created their own subculture. A beach volleyball game in progress Beach volleyball in Vancouver Beach volleyball has evolved from the popular social games of volleyball played on many beaches around the world. ... Windsurfing (also called boardsailing) is a surface water sport involving travel over water on a small 2-4. ... Duke Kahanamoku (1915 postcard) The Big Kahuna redirects here. ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,941 sq mi (28,337 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ... Dogtown might refer to nickname for the beach area at the Santa Monica/Venice border in California, famed for its skateboarding and surfing culture, the setting of Dogtown and Z-Boys, a 2001 documentary film about skateboarding Lords of Dogtown, a film released in 2005 based on Dogtown and Z... A skateboarder performing a frontside lipslide. ... Roller skating girl in Rome, Italy (soul grind) Roller skating is travelling on smooth terrain with roller skates. ... 90 mile beach Australia A beach or strand is a geological formation consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, shingle, cobble, or even shell along the shoreline of a body of water. ... Surfing outside Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii. ... As understood in sociology, anthropology and cultural studies, a subculture is a set of people with a distinct set of behavior and beliefs that differentiate them from a larger culture of which they are a part. ...


Los Angeles has twice played host to the summer Olympic Games: in 1932 and in 1984. When the tenth Olympic Games were hosted in 1932, the former 10th Street was renamed Olympic Blvd. The 1984 Summer Olympics inspired the creation of the Los Angeles Marathon, which has been celebrated every year in March since 1986. Super Bowls I and VII were also contested in the city as well as the World Cup in 1994. For months before the Olympic Games, runners relay the Olympic Flame from Olympia to the opening ceremony. ... The 1932 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the X Olympiad, were held in 1932 in Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Audio samples composed by John Williams: Olympic Fanfare (1985) ( file info) 1984 Summer Olympics, Los Angeles Olympic Theme (1985) ( file info) 1984 Summer Olympics, Los Angeles Problems playing the files? See media help. ... Audio samples composed by John Williams: Olympic Fanfare (1985) ( file info) 1984 Summer Olympics, Los Angeles Olympic Theme (1985) ( file info) 1984 Summer Olympics, Los Angeles Problems playing the files? See media help. ... Seal of the Los Angeles Marathon The Los Angeles Marathon is an annual marathon held in Los Angeles, California since 1986. ... See also: 1985 in sports, other events of 1986, 1987 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: Geoff Bodine won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Dale Earnhardt CART Racing - Bobby Rahal Indianapolis 500 - Bobby Rahal Formula One Championship - Alain Prost of France 24...


The Los Angeles area contains all kinds of topography, notably the hills and mountains rising around the metropolis (it's the only major city in the United States bisected by a mountain range); four mountain ranges extend into city boundaries. Thousands of miles of trails crisscross the city and neighboring areas, providing exercise and wilderness access on foot, bike, or horse. Across the county a great variety of outdoor activities are available, such as skiing, rock climbing, gold panning, hang gliding, and windsurfing. Numerous outdoor clubs serve these sports, including the Angeles Chapter of the Sierra Club, which leads over 4,000 outings annually in the area. Surface of the Earth Topography, a term in geography, has come to refer to the lay of the land, or the physiogeographic characteristics of land in terms of elevation, slope, and orientation. ... A hill in Hungary with a hillside vintage garden For the landform that extends less than 600 metres above the surrounding terrain and that is smaller than a mountain, see the mountain article. ... Mount McKinley (Denali) in Alaska (USA) has the largest visible base-to-summit elevation difference on Earth. ... Night view of Taipei City. ... A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... A country trail, formed by wheels of vehicles. ... (for options, see option exercise) U.S. marine emerges from the water upon completing the swimming portion of the triathlon. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Beautiful natural scenes are common hiking destinations Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... Mountain biker riding in the Arizona desert. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus or Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Members of the US Air Force skiing (and snowboarding) at Keystone Resorts 14th Annual SnoFest An alpine skier Deep powder skiing Skiing is the activity of gliding over snow using skis (originally wooden planks, now usually made from fiberglass or related composites), with metal edges, strapped to the feet... Climbers on Valkyrie at the Roaches. ... A sluice box used in placer mining Placer mining (pronounced plass-er) is a open-pit or open-cast form of mining by which certain valuable minerals are extracted from the earth without tunneling. ... Hang gliding is one of the windsports. ... Windsurfing (also called boardsailing) is a surface water sport involving travel over water on a small 2-4. ... The Sierra Club is an American environmental organization founded on May 28, 1892 in San Francisco, California by the well-known conservationist John Muir, who became its first president. ...


Los Angeles also boasts a number of sports venues, most noticeably STAPLES Center, a state-of-the-art sports and entertainment complex that also hosts concerts and awards shows such as the Grammys. Staples Center is a multipurpose sports arena in downtown Los Angeles, California at the Los Angeles Sports and Entertainment District. ...


Media

Los Angeles Times Headquarters
Los Angeles Times Headquarters

The major daily newspaper in the area is The Los Angeles Times. La Opinión is the city's major Spanish-language paper. There are also a wide variety of smaller regional newspapers, alternative weeklies and magazines, including the Daily News (which focuses coverage on the Valley), L.A. Weekly, L.A. City Beat, Los Angeles magazine, Los Angeles Business Journal, Los Angeles Daily Journal (legal industry paper), The Hollywood Reporter and Variety (entertainment industry papers), The Planning Report, and Los Angeles Downtown News. In addition to the English and Spanish language papers, numerous local periodicals serve immigrant communities in their native languages (e.g. Korean, Persian and Japanese). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3008x2000, 2223 KB) Summary Los Angeles Times Headquarters. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3008x2000, 2223 KB) Summary Los Angeles Times Headquarters. ... The Los Angeles Times (also L.A. Times) is a daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California and distributed throughout the Western United States. ... La Opinión is a Spanish language daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California and distributed throughout the six counties of Southern California. ... Daily News is the name of two major newspapers in the United States: Los Angeles Daily News New York Daily News This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... San Fernando Valley The San Fernando Valley is an urbanized valley in southern California, lying mostly within the city limits of Los Angeles. ... The L.A. Weekly is a weekly free paper in Los Angeles. ... The Hollywood Reporter is one of two major trade papers of the film industry in the United States, the other being Variety. ... Variety is a daily magazine for the entertainment industry. ... The Los Angeles Downtown News is a free weekly newspaper in Los Angeles, California, serving the Downtown Los Angeles area. ...


Many cities adjacent to Los Angeles also have their own daily newspapers whose coverage and availability overlaps into certain Los Angeles neighborhoods. Examples include the Daily Breeze (serving the South Bay), and The Long Beach Press-Telegram. The Daily Breeze is a daily newspaper published in Torrance, California by the Copley Press. ... The South Bay and surrounding regions in Southern California The South Bay is a region in the southwest peninsula of Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... The Los Angeles Newspaper Group is an umbrella group of local daily newspapers published in the greater Los Angeles area. ...


The Los Angeles metro area is served by a wide variety of local television stations, and is the second largest designated market area (DMA) in the U.S. with 5,431,140 homes (4.956% of the U.S.). The major network television affiliates include KABC-TV 7 (ABC), KCBS 2 (CBS), KNBC 4 (NBC), KTTV 11 (FOX), KTLA 5 (WB), and KCOP 13 (UPN), and KPXN 30 (i). There are also four PBS stations in the area, including KVCR 24, KCET 28, KOCE 50, and KLCS 58. World TV operates on two channels, KNET-LP 25 and KSFV-LP 6. There are also several Spanish-language television networks, including KMEX 34 (Univision), KFTR 46 (Telefutura), KVEA 52 (Telemundo), and KAZA 54 (Azteca America). KTBN 40 (Trinity Broadcasting Network), is a religious station in the area. A designated market area is a group of counties in the United States that are covered by a specific television station. ... KABC-TV (Channel 7, known locally as ABC7) is the American Broadcasting Company owned and operated television station in the greater Los Angeles area. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is a television and radio network in the United States. ... KCBS-TV, CBS2 Los Angeles is the CBS owned and operated station in the Los Angeles area, and is the West Coast flagship station of the CBS network. ... CBSs first color logo, which debuted in the fall of 1965. ... KNBC, NBC4, is the NBC-owned and operated station in Los Angeles and the networks West Coast flagship. ... The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... KTTV, channel 11, is an owned-and-operated television station of the News Corporation-owned Fox Broadcasting Company, based in Los Angeles, California. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company, usually referred to as just Fox (the company itself prefers the capitalized version FOX), is a television network in the United States. ... This redirect page is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The WB Television Network, casually referred to as The WB, or sometimes as The Frog (referring to the networks former mascot, the animated character Michigan J. Frog), is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ... This redirect page is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) is a television network in the United States, owned by CBS Corporation, which also owns the more widespread CBS network. ... KPXN, San Bernardino broadcasts on analog Channel 30 and ATSC Channel 38 in the Los Angeles area. ... The correct title of this article is i (TV network). ... Note: Public Broadcasting Services is a broadcaster in Malta. ... KVCR Channel 24 is an affilliate of the Public Broadcasting Service, and is owned by the San Bernardino Community College District. ... For the Japanese computer game developer, see Konami Computer Entertainment Tokyo KCET is one of four PBS member stations serving Los Angeles and Southern California, the others being KVCR-TV, KOCE-TV, and KLCS. Broadcasting on channel 28, the studio is located at 4401 West Sunset Boulevard. ... KOCE-TV Channel 50 is an affiliate of the Public Broadcasting Service with programming focused on the communities of Orange County, California. ... KLCS Channel 58 is a member station of the Public Broadcasting Service, and is owned by the Los Angeles Unified School District. ... KNET-LP is a low-power television station in Los Angeles, California, owned by the Venture Technologies Group. ... KSFV-LP channel 6 is a low-power television station in San Fernando Valley, owned by the Venture Technologies Group. ... KMEX (Channel 34) is a Univision television station affiliate in the Los Angeles area. ... Univision (pronounced Univisión in Spanish; NYSE: UVN) is the largest Spanish-language television network in the United States, and overall, the fifth-largest American network (right behind Fox, ABC, NBC, and CBS); and is one of ten major mainstream/commercial broadcast networks in the United States, alongside NBC, CBS... Telefutura is a Spanish-language television network owned by Univision with headquarters in Miami, Florida. ... KVEA, Telemundo 52 is an NBC owned and operated television station in the Los Angeles area, and is the West Coast flagship station of the Telemundo network. ... Telemundo is a U.S. television network based in Hialeah, Florida. ... KAZA (Channel 54) is a Azteca America television station affiliate in the Los Angeles area. ... TV Azteca is a Mexican television network. ... The Trinity Broadcasting Network, or TBN, is the worlds largest Christian television network, Founded by Paul and Jan Crouch in 1973, the network now has a larger U.S. viewership than its three main competitor networks combined. ...


Several independent television stations also operate in the area, including KCAL 9 (owned by CBS Corporation), KSCI 18 (focuses primarily on Asian language programming), KWHY 22 (Spanish-language), KNLA-LP 27 (Spanish-language), KSMV-LP 33 (variety)--a low power relay of Ventura-based KJLA] 57, KPAL-LP 38, KXLA 44, KDOC 56 (classic programming and local sports), KJLA 57 (variety), and KRCA 62 (Spanish-language). kcal is an abbreviation for kilocalorie, which is equivalent to 1 Calorie, or 1000 calories. ... CBS Corporation (NYSE: CBS) is a media conglomerate focused largely on the United States market, specifically broadcasting, publishing, billboards, and television production. ... KSCI (known on air as LA-18) is an independent television station operating in Los Angeles and on channel 48 (K48AL) in San Diego, California. ... This redirect page is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... KNLA-LP is a low-power television station in Los Angeles, California, owned by the Venture Technologies Group. ... KJLA Channel 57 is Based in West Los Angeles, California, is the home of LATV programming, KJLA is also broadcasts on KSMV-LP channel 33 KJLA is the home of shows like Mex 2 the Max, LATV Live and Santan en Vivo/Live, the half-hour bi-lingual talk show... KJLA channel 57, based in West Los Angeles, California, is the home of LATV. KJLA also serves Los Angeles on KSMV-LP channel 33. ... KXLA channel 44 is an independent television station serving Los Angeles, California. ... Technical Information Frequency: Channel 56 Name: KDOC Radius: 73 miles (Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino and Ventura counties) Slogan: Your Independent Start of Operation: 1982 Transmitter Location: Anaheim, California/Los Angeles, California (34° 13 36. ... KJLA channel 57, based in West Los Angeles, California, is the home of LATV. KJLA also serves Los Angeles on KSMV-LP channel 33. ... KRCA Channel 62 is a television station in the Los Angeles, California metropolitan region which once broadcast Asian programming (Mandarin Chinese and Korean language). ...

This is a list of television shows filmed, although not always set, in Los Angeles, California (including Los Angeles and Orange County communities such as Beverly Hills, Santa Monica, Malibu, and Newport Beach). ...

Transportation

High-capacity freeway interchange in Los Angeles
High-capacity freeway interchange in Los Angeles

Los Angeles has one of the largest freeway systems in the world, with 27 intertwining freeways handling millions of commuters as they journey a daily collective migration of about 100 million miles (160 million km). Los Angeles is the most car-populated metropolis in the world with about 1 car per 1.8 people. In fact, more automobiles are registered in the Los Angeles area than all of Russia.[citation needed] The automobile traffic in Los Angeles has been getting exponentially worse over the last few years, causing long commutes and reduced productivity. The traffic problems in Los Angeles necessitate the need for improved rail transportation and novel approaches. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2032x976, 497 KB) Freeway interchange in Los Angeles, California. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2032x976, 497 KB) Freeway interchange in Los Angeles, California. ... In the field of road transport, a road junction is a place where two or more roads either meet or cross. ... Los Angeles, California, is the center of an intercity hub, transporting passengers and shipping intermodally between sea, land, and air ports. ...


The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority and other agencies operate an extensive system of bus lines, as well as subway and light rail lines, which together carry over a million passengers a day. The major rail system includes the Red Line subway, the Gold, Blue, and Green Line light rail, and the Orange Line, a dedicated busway. The special red Metro Rapid bus lines have also been highly touted as a prime example of a successful bus transit program since these buses operate like a rail line and run through the best-known parts of the city. Currently under construction is an eastside extension of the Gold Line. In the works is a new rail line called the Exposition Line. Momentum is slowly building to extend the subway under Wilshire Boulevard all the way to the ocean in Santa Monica, ushering in an even more extensive public transportation system. Rail passenger service is provided by Amtrak and Metrolink from historic Union Station. Rail shipping is handled by Union Pacific Railroad and BNSF Railway. The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (also known as Metro, MTA or LACMTA) is the regional transportation planning and public transportation operating agency for the county of Los Angeles. ... An early motorized bus - a Benz truck modified by Netphener company (1895) A bus is a large automobile intended to carry numerous persons in addition to the driver and sometimes a conductor. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... Blue is any of a number of similar colors. ... There are Orange Lines on several metro systems: Boston, Massachusetts - Orange Line (Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority) Chicago L - Orange Line (Chicago Transit Authority) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania - Broad Street Line Washington D.C. - Orange Line (Washington Metro) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... track Rail tracks are used on railways (or railroads), which, together with railroad switches (or points), guide trains without the need for steering. ... Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... Metrolink is a commuter rail system that serves the Southern California region. ... A view of Union Station familiar to many of downtown Los Angeles visitors. ... The Union Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting mark UP) (NYSE: UNP) is the largest railroad in the United States. ... The BNSF Railway (AAR reporting mark BNSF), headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, is one of the largest railroad networks in North America (only one competitor, the Union Pacific Railroad, is comparable in size). ...


The Los Angeles metropolitan area is served by more airports than any major city in the world, with 5 major commercial airports, and many more general-aviation airports. The main Los Angeles airport is Los Angeles International Airport (IATA: LAXICAO: KLAX), the fifth busiest commercial airport in the world. LAX handled 55 million passengers and 2 million tons of cargo in 2003. Other major commercial airports include Ontario International Airport (IATA: ONTICAO: KONT), Bob Hope Airport (IATA: BURICAO: KBUR), formerly known as Burbank Airport, Long Beach Municipal Airport (IATA: LGBICAO: KLGB), and John Wayne Airport (IATA: SNAICAO: KSNA). Los Angeles also has the world's busiest general-aviation airport, Van Nuys Airport (IATA: VNYICAO: KVNY). Runway layout at LAX LAX redirects here. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter alphabetic code designating many airports around the world. ... The ICAO airport code (IPA pronunciation: ) is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... LAX may refer to Los Angeles International Airport LAX (TV series) Lacrosse (sport) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Runway layout at ONT Ontario International Airport (IATA: ONT, ICAO: KONT) is located in Ontario, California. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter alphabetic code designating many airports around the world. ... The ICAO airport code (IPA pronunciation: ) is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... Bob Hope Airport (IATA: BUR, ICAO: KBUR), formerly known as United Airport (1930-1934); Union Air Terminal (1934-1940); Lockheed Air Terminal (1940-1967); Hollywood-Burbank Airport (1967-1978); and most recently Burbank-Glendale-Pasadena Airport (1978-2003), is located in Burbank, California, United States. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter alphabetic code designating many airports around the world. ... The ICAO airport code (IPA pronunciation: ) is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... Long Beach Municipal Airport (IATA: LGB, ICAO: KLGB), also known as Daugherty Field, is located in Long Beach, California, and serves Los Angeles and Orange Counties. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter alphabetic code designating many airports around the world. ... The ICAO airport code (IPA pronunciation: ) is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... FAA diagram of John Wayne Airport (SNA) John Wayne Airport (IATA: SNA, ICAO: KSNA) is located in Orange County, California, between the cities of Santa Ana, Newport Beach, Costa Mesa, and Irvine. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter alphabetic code designating many airports around the world. ... The ICAO airport code (IPA pronunciation: ) is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... Van Nuys Airport (IATA: VNY,ICAO: KVNY) is a public airport located in Van Nuys, California in the San Fernando Valley, within the Los Angeles city limits. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter alphabetic code designating many airports around the world. ... The ICAO airport code (IPA pronunciation: ) is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ...


The sea ports of the Port of Los Angeles and Port of Long Beach together make up the Los Angeles - Long Beach Harbor, the busiest and overall third-largest container shipping port in the world. There are also smaller, non-industrial harbors along L.A.'s coastline. Most of these contain sailboats and yachts, like Redondo Beach and Marina Del Rey. General Information Founded December 9, 1907 Coordinates  - Latitude  - Longitude 33º4239 N 118º1459 W Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 7500 acres 4200 acres 3300 acres Available Berths 270 Vessel Arrivals 2,813 (FY 2004) Annual container volume 7. ... The Port of Long Beach is the second busiest seaport in the United States and the tenth busiest port in the world. ... Containerization is a system of intermodal cargo transport using standard ISO containers (also known as isotainers) that can be loaded sealed and intact onto container ships, railroad cars and trucks. ... Traditional wooden cutter beating. ... A yacht was originally defined as a light, fast sailing vessel used to convey important persons. ... The citys unusually shaped pier Redondo Beach is a city located in Los Angeles County, California. ... Marina del Rey boat harbor Marina del Rey is a census-designated place and seaside town located in an unincorporated area of Los Angeles County, California. ...


Education

Colleges and universities

University of California, Los Angeles
University of California, Los Angeles
University of Southern California
University of Southern California

There are several public colleges and universities in the city, including the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), California State University, Los Angeles (CSULA), and California State University, Northridge (CSUN). Private schools in the city include Antioch University Los Angeles, University of Southern California (USC), Southern California University of Health Sciences, Pepperdine University, Loyola Marymount University (LMU), Mount St. Mary's College, Occidental College (Oxy), Otis College of Art and Design (Otis), Alliant International University, Southwestern University School of Law, and Southern California Institute of Architecture (SCI-Arc). Image File history File linksMetadata RHall. ... Image File history File linksMetadata RHall. ... Download high resolution version (1536x1024, 712 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: California Los Angeles, California University of Southern California Categories: Images with unknown source ... Download high resolution version (1536x1024, 712 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: California Los Angeles, California University of Southern California Categories: Images with unknown source ... The University of California, Los Angeles, popularly known as UCLA, is a public, coeducational university located in the residential area of Westwood within the city of Los Angeles. ... California State University, Los Angeles (also known as Cal State L.A. or CSULA) is a California public university located in Los Angeles, California near the city of Alhambra and the center of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. ... California State University, Northridge (also known as CSUN, Cal State Northridge, or C-Sun) is a public university in the San Fernando Valley, within the city limits of Los Angeles, California, USA. Part of the California State University System, CSUN was founded in 1958 as San Fernando Valley State College. ... Edward L. Doheny Jr. ... Southern California University of Health Sciences is a private institute of higher education founded in 1911. ... Pepperdine University is a private institution of higher learning affiliated with the Church of Christ. ... Loyola Marymount University (LMU) is a prestigious co-educational private Roman Catholic Jesuit university in Los Angeles, California. ... For other uses: see Mount St Marys (disambiguation). ... Johnson Student Center and Freeman College Union Johnson Hall, one of the three original buildings of the 1914 campus Occidental College, located in Los Angeles, California, is a small coeducational liberal arts college. ... Otis College of Art and Design is a four year art and design college located in Los Angeles, California. ... Alliant International University is an independent, not-for-profit institution of higher education formed in July 2001 as a result of a merger between California School of Professional Psychology (CSPP) and United States International University (USIU), formerly known as California Western University. ... The Bullocks Wilshire Building on the campus of the Southwestern University School of Law The Southwestern University School of Law (also known as Southwestern Law School) is a private ABA-accredited law school located in Los Angeles, California, with about 1000 students at a campus that includes the Bullocks Wilshire... The Southern California Institute of Architecture, founded in 1972 by Ray Kappe, is an independent institute granting undergraduate and graduate degrees in Architecture. ...


The community college system consists of Los Angeles City College (LACC), Los Angeles Harbor College, Los Angeles Pierce College, Los Angeles Valley College, Los Angeles Mission College, East Los Angeles College(ELAC), West Los Angeles College, Los Angeles Southwest College, Los Angeles Trade Technical College Los Angeles City College is a community college in the Hollywood section of Los Angeles, on Vermont Avenue south of Santa Monica Boulevard. ... General Information Los Angeles Harbor College is one of two community colleges serving the South Bay region of Los Angeles. ... The farm at Los Angeles Pierce College Los Angeles Pierce College is a two-year community college in Woodland Hills, California and is part of the Los Angeles Community College District. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Los Angeles Mission College Los Angeles Mission College is a Community College,of the Los Angeles Community College District, that serves mainly the San Fernando Valley. ... East Los Angeles College is a community college, of the Los Angeles Community College District, located in the Los Angeles suburb of Monterey Park, California. ... West Los Angeles College or West L.A. College is a public community college located in Culver City, California. ... Los Angeles Southwest College is a community college located in the South Los Angeles section of Los Angeles, California, USA. LASC was established in 1967, two years after the Watts riots, in response to one of the complaints of both officials and citizens--that not enough was being done to... Los Angeles Trade Technical College is a public community college located in the south of Downtown Los Angeles and the north of University of Southern California. ...


Schools and libraries

Los Angeles Unified School District serves the city of Los Angeles, as well as several surrounding communities. It is the second-largest school district in the United States, with over 700,000 students. After Proposition 13 in 1978, urban school districts had considerable trouble with funding and LAUSD became known for its underfunded, overcrowded and poorly maintained campuses. Wealthy and upper-middle-class parents placed their children in elite private schools, while middle-class families fled into suburban school districts beyond LAUSD boundaries. Since then, the LAUSD has embarked on an aggressive school construction program to relieve overcrowding. The Los Angeles Unified School District ( the LAUSD) is the largest (in terms of number of students) public school system in California and the second-largest in the United States. ... Proposition 13, officially titled the Peoples Initiative to Limit Property Taxation, was a ballot initiative to amend the constitution of the state of California. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ...

The Los Angeles Public Library system operates 72 public libraries in the city. Los Angeles County is a county in California, and the most populous county in the United States, with 10,179,716 residents (as of July 2004)[1]. The county seat is the city of Los Angeles. ... This is a list of high schools in Los Angeles County, California. ... The Los Angeles Public Library (LAPL) system serves the residents of Los Angeles, California. ...


Further reading

  • Mike Davis, City of Quartz: Excavating the Future in Los Angeles, Vintage Books, 1992
  • Norman M. Klein, The History of Forgetting: Los Angeles and the Erasure of Memory, Verso, 1997
  • Lynell George, No crystal stair : African Americans in the city of angels, London : Verso, 1992
  • Leonard Pitt & Dale Pitt, Los Angeles A to Z: An Encyclopedia of the City and County, University of California Press, 2000
  • Peter Theroux, Translating LA: A Tour of the Rainbow City, Norton, 1994
  • David L. Ulin (ed), Writing Los Angeles: A Literary Anthology, Library of America, 2002

Mike Davis is an American social commentator, urban theorist, and sociographer. ... City of Quartz is a book by Mike Davis examining problems facing Los Angeles. ... The Library of America is a nonprofit publisher of classic American literature. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2004 (CBSA-EST2004-01)[1]
  2. ^ "Metropolitan Areas with the Worst Ozone Air Pollution." American Lung Association. 2004. Retrieved on June 4, 2006.
  3. ^ Lopez, Theresa Adams. "Air Quality Programs at the Port of Los Angeles saw Refinement in 2005 with Focus on Ramping up in 2006." Port of Los Angeles (News Release). February 17, 2006.
  4. ^ Staff Writer. "Air Quality Protections Take Off." Environmental Defense. December 6, 2004.
  5. ^ "California Central District Drug Threat Assessment  : Overview." National Drug Intelligence Center. May, 2001.

The American Lung Association is a non-profit organization which fights lung disease in all its forms, with special emphasis on asthma, tobacco control and environmental health. It was founded in 1904 to fight tuberculosis as the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 4 is the 155th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (156th in leap years), with 210 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... General Information Founded December 9, 1907 Coordinates  - Latitude  - Longitude 33º4239 N 118º1459 W Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 7500 acres 4200 acres 3300 acres Available Berths 270 Vessel Arrivals 2,813 (FY 2004) Annual container volume 7. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC), established in 1993, is a component of the U.S. Department of Justice and a member of the Intelligence Community. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...

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Flag of California State of California

California Topics | Districts | Economy | Elections | Geography | Government | History | Politics | Californians Image File history File links Flag_of_California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Greetings from California, vintage large-letter postcard. ... There are several different types of districts in California. ... The number of elections in California varies by year. ... A field of California golden poppies circa 1910. ... The politics of the U.S. state of California are complex and involve a number of entrenched interests. ... This is a partial list of well-known people from California. ...

Capital Sacramento
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Note: Counties with over 1 million in population are in bold

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