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Encyclopedia > Los Alamos National Laboratory
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Established 1943
Research Type Classified
Budget $2.2 billion
Director Michael R. Anastasio
Staff 12500
Students 700
Location Los Alamos, NM
Campus 36 square miles
Operating Agency Los Alamos National Security LLC
Website lanl.gov
Los Alamos National Laboratory, aerial view from 1995.
Los Alamos National Laboratory, aerial view from 1995.

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) (previously known at various times as Site Y, Los Alamos Laboratory, and Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory) is a United States Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory, managed and operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC (LANS), located in Los Alamos, New Mexico. The laboratory is one of the largest multidisciplinary institutions in the world. It is the largest institution and the largest employer in northern New Mexico with approximately 12,500 LANS employees plus approximately 3,300 contractor personnel. Additionally, there are roughly 120 DOE employees stationed at the laboratory to provide federal oversight of LANL's work and operations. The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. ... Look up budget in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A director is the chief executive officer of a university or other educational institution. ... Michael R. Anastasio is the director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory and president of the Los Alamos National Security LLC, the company that operates the laboratory. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... Los Alamos is an unincorporated townsite in Los Alamos County, New Mexico. ... Los Alamos National Security, LLC (LANS LLC) is a limited liability company consisting of the University of California, Bechtel, BWX Technologies, and Washington Group International, which was awarded the 7-year management contract for Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) by the Department of Energy and the National Nuclear Security Administration... A website (alternatively, Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on a Web server, usually accessible via the Internet or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML, that is almost always accessible via HTTP, a... Download high resolution version (1435x1153, 749 KB)Aerial view of Los Alamos National Laboratory, 1995 aerial TA-3 south to north, from http://www. ... Download high resolution version (1435x1153, 749 KB)Aerial view of Los Alamos National Laboratory, 1995 aerial TA-3 south to north, from http://www. ... The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy and nuclear safety. ... The United States Department of Energy National Laboratories are a system of research facilities and laboratories funded and controlled by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) for the purpose advancing science and aiding in the economic and defensive national interests of the United States of America. ... Los Alamos National Security, LLC (LANS LLC) is a private limited liability company formed by the University of California, Bechtel, BWX Technologies, and Washington Group International. ... Los Alamos is an unincorporated townsite in Los Alamos County, New Mexico. ... For other uses of lab, see Lab. ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ...


Approximately one-third of the laboratory's technical staff members are physicists, one-fourth are engineers, one-sixth are chemists and materials scientists, and the remainder work in mathematics and computational science, biological science, geoscience, and other disciplines. Professional scientists and students also come to Los Alamos as visitors to participate in scientific projects. The staff collaborates with universities and industry in both basic and applied research to develop resources for the future. The annual budget is approximately USD 2.2 billion. Articles with similar titles include physician, a person who practices medicine. ... Look up engineer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A chemist pours from a round-bottom flask. ... The Materials Science Tetrahedron, which often also includes Characterization at the center Materials science is an interdisciplinary field involving the properties of matter and its applications to various areas of science and engineering. ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ... Scientific computing (or computational science) is the field of study concerned with constructing mathematical models and numerical solution techniques and using computers to analyze and solve scientific and engineering problems. ... Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology is the science of life (from the Greek words bios = life and logos = word). ... Earth science (also known as geoscience or the geosciences), is an all-embracing term for the sciences related to the planet Earth. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, Cambodia, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... One thousand million (1,000,000,000) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001. ...


Los Alamos is one of two laboratories in the United States where classified work towards the design of nuclear weapons is undertaken. The other, since 1952, is Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter. ... Aerial view of the lab and surrounding area. ...

Contents

History

The Manhattan Project

Main article: Manhattan Project

The laboratory was founded during World War II as a secret, centralized facility to coordinate the scientific research of the Manhattan Project, the Allied project to develop the first nuclear weapons. The laboratory was officially known as Site Y. In September 1942, the difficulties encountered in conducting preliminary studies on nuclear weapons at universities scattered across the country indicated the need for a laboratory dedicated solely to that purpose. Manhattan Project scientific director Robert Oppenheimer, who had spent much time in his youth in the New Mexico area, scouted the area along with General Leslie Groves and physicist Ernest O. Lawrence, and decided upon the mesa which was once the Los Alamos Ranch School. Oppenheimer became the laboratory's first director. This page is about the World War II nuclear project. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This page is about the World War II nuclear project. ... In general, allies are people or groups that have joined an alliance and are working together to achieve some common purpose. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter. ... J. Robert Oppenheimer[1] (April 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967) was an American theoretical physicist, best known for his role as the director of the Manhattan Project, the World War II effort to develop the first nuclear weapons, at the secret Los Alamos laboratory in New Mexico. ... Leslie Groves Leslie Richard Groves (August 17, 1896 – July 13, 1970) was a United States Army officer who oversaw the construction of the Pentagon and was the primary military leader in charge of the Manhattan Project to develop the atomic bomb during World War II. Descended from French Huguenots who... Ernest Orlando Lawrence (August 8, 1901 - August 27, 1958) was an American physicist and Nobel laureate best known for his invention of the cyclotron. ... Several mesas near Los Alamos, New Mexico A mesa (Spanish and Portuguese for table) is an elevated area of land with a flat top and sides that are usually steep cliffs. ... Los Alamos Ranch School was a private school for boys in Otowi, New Mexico, near Los Alamos, New Mexico. ...


During the Manhattan Project, Los Alamos hosted thousands of employees in secret (its only mailing address was to a post office box, number 1663, in Santa Fe, New Mexico), including many Nobel Prize-winning scientists. Though its contract with the University of California was initially intended to be temporary, the relationship was maintained long after the war. Until the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Robert Sproul, the president of the University of California, did not know what the purpose of the laboratory was, and thought it might be producing a "death ray". The only member of the UC administration who knew its true purpose—indeed, the only one who knew its exact physical location—was the Secretary-Treasurer Robert Underhill, who was in charge of wartime contracts and liabilities. Nickname: The City Different Location in the State of New Mexico Coordinates: Country United States State New Mexico County Santa Fe Founded 1607  - Mayor David Coss Area    - City  37. ... The Nobel Prizes (Swedish: ) are awards in Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physiology or Medicine and Economics. ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... The Fat Man mushroom cloud resulting from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rises 18 km (11 mi, 60,000 ft) into the air from the hypocenter. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with energy weapon. ...

The "Trinity" nuclear test.
The "Trinity" nuclear test.

The work of the laboratory culminated in the creation of three atomic devices, one of which was used in the first nuclear test near Alamogordo, New Mexico, code-named "Trinity", on July 16, 1945. The other two were weapons, "Little Boy" and "Fat Man", which were used in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. Image File history File links The 1945 TRINITY nuclear explosion, early stage of the fireball. ... Image File history File links The 1945 TRINITY nuclear explosion, early stage of the fireball. ... Preparation for an underground nuclear test at the Nevada Test Site in the 1980s. ... Alamogordo is a city in Otero County, New Mexico, United States of America. ... An early stage in the Trinity fireball. ... July 16 is the 197th day (198th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 168 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... A post-war Little Boy casing mockup. ... Fat Man is the codename of the atomic bomb that was detonated over Nagasaki, Japan, by the United States on August 9, 1945. ... The Fat Man mushroom cloud resulting from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rises 18 km (11 mi, 60,000 ft) into the air from the hypocenter. ...


After the war, Oppenheimer retired from the directorship, and it was taken over by Norris Bradbury, whose initial mission was to make the previously hand-assembled atomic bombs "G.I. proof" so that they could be mass-produced and used without the assistance of highly trained scientists. Many of the original Los Alamos "luminaries" chose to leave the laboratory, and some even became outspoken opponents to the further development of nuclear weapons. Norris Bradbury in his later years. ...


In the years since the 1940s, Los Alamos was responsible for the development of the hydrogen bomb, and many other variants of nuclear weapons. In 1952, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory was founded to act as Los Alamos' "competitor," with the hope that two laboratories for the design of nuclear weapons would spur innovation. Los Alamos and Livermore served as the primary classified laboratories in the U.S. national laboratory system, designing all of the country's nuclear arsenal. Additional work included basic scientific research, particle accelerator development, health physics, and fusion power research as part of Project Sherwood. Many nuclear tests were undertaken in the Marshall Islands and at the Nevada Test Site. The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, in 1945 lifted nuclear fallout some 18 km (60,000 feet) above the epicenter. ... Aerial view of the lab and surrounding area. ... For the DC Comics Superhero also called Atom Smasher, see Albert Rothstein. ... Project Sherwood was the name given to the US program in controlled nuclear fusion funded under the Atoms for Peace initiative during the Eisenhower Administration. ... The Nevada Test Site is a United States Department of Energy reservation located in Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the City of Las Vegas, near . ...


Post-Cold War

At the end of the Cold War, both labs went through a process of intense scientific diversification in their research programs to adapt to the changing political conditions which no longer required as much research towards developing new nuclear weapons. Los Alamos' nuclear work is currently thought to relate primarily to computer simulations and stockpile stewardship. The development of the controversial Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility will allow complex simulations of nuclear tests to take place without full explosive yields. For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... A Peacekeeper missile warhead is subjected to a wall of fire to determine how its aging components would react if used today. ... Aerial view of DARHT ca. ...


The laboratory has attracted negative publicity from a number of events. In 1999, Los Alamos scientist Wen Ho Lee was accused of 59 counts of mishandling classified information by downloading nuclear secrets—"weapons codes," used for computer simulations of nuclear weapons tests—to data tapes and removing them from the lab. After ten months in jail, Lee pled guilty to a single count and the other 58 were dismissed with an apology from U.S. District Judge James Parker for his incarceration.[1] Lee was suspected for a time of having shared U.S. nuclear secrets with China, but investigations found this not to be true.[2] In 2000, two computer hard drives containing classified data were announced to have gone missing from a secure area within the laboratory, but were later found behind a photocopier; in 2003, the laboratory's director, and deputy director, resigned following accusations that they had improperly dismissed two whistleblowers who had alleged widespread theft at the lab. The year 2000 brought additional hardship for the laboratory in the form of the Cerro Grande Fire, a severe forest fire that destroyed several buildings (not to mention employees' homes in the nearby town of Los Alamos) and forced the laboratory to close for several days. Wen Ho Lee (Chinese: 李文和; Pinyin: Lǐ Wénhé; born December 21, 1939) is a Taiwanese American scientist who worked for the University of California operated Los Alamos National Laboratory and was accused of stealing secrets about the U.S.s nuclear arsenal for China. ... A whistleblower is an employee, former employee, or member of an organization who reports misconduct to people or entities that have the power and presumed willingness to take corrective action. ... The smoke plume on May 11, 2000 reaches the panhandle of Oklahoma (NOAA image). ... A wildfire, also known as a wildland fire, forest fire, vegetation fire, grass fire, peat fire (gambut in Indonesia), bushfire (in Australasia), or hill fire, is an uncontrolled fire often occurring in wildland areas, but which can also consume houses or agricultural resources. ...


In July 2004, an inventory of classified weapons data revealed that four hard disk drives were missing; two of the drives were subsequently found to have been improperly moved to a different building, but another two remained unaccounted for. In response, director Peter Nanos shut down large parts of the laboratory and publicly rebuked scientists working there for a lax attitude to security procedures. In the laboratory's newsletter for August he wrote: "This willful flouting of the rules must stop, and I don't care how many people I have to fire to make it stop"; Nanos is also quoted as saying "If I have to restart the laboratory with 10 people, I will". However, a report released in January 2005 found that the drives were in fact an artifact of an inconsistent inventory system (the report concludes that 12 barcodes were issued to a group of disk drives that needed only 10; the two surplus barcodes nevertheless appeared on a master list). Thus, auditors wrongly concluded that two disks were missing. The report states that "The allegedly missing disks never existed and no compromise of classified material has occurred". This incident is widely reported as contributing to continuing distrust of management at the lab. In May 2005, Nanos stepped down as director. Typical hard drives of the mid-1990s. ... George Peter (Pete) Nanos was the former director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory from January 2003 to May 2005. ...


Contract changes

Political dissatisfaction with UC management of the laboratory led the Department of Energy to open its contract with the University of California to bids from other vendors in 2003. Though the university and the laboratory have had difficult relations many times since their first World War II contract, this was the first time that the university has ever had to compete for management of the laboratory. The University of California decided to create a private company with the Bechtel Corporation, Washington Group International, and the BWX Technologies to bid on the contract to operate the laboratory. The UC/Bechtel lead corporation - Los Alamos National Security, LLC (LANS) - was pitted against a team formed by the University of Texas System partnered with Lockheed-Martin. In December 2005, the Department of Energy announced that LANS had won the next seven-year contract to manage and operate the laboratory. Bechtel Corporation (Bechtel Group) is the largest engineering company in the United States, ranking as the 6th-largest privately owned company in the U.S. With headquarters in San Francisco, Bechtel had 40,000 employees as of 2005 working on projects in nearly 50 countries with $18. ... Washington Group International provides integrated engineering, construction and management services to businesses and governments around the world. ... BWX Technologies, Inc. ... Los Alamos National Security, LLC (LANS LLC) is a limited liability company consisting of the University of California, Bechtel, BWX Technologies, and Washington Group International, which was awarded the 7-year management contract for Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) by the Department of Energy and the National Nuclear Security Administration... Seal of the University of Texas System The University of Texas System comprises fifteen educational institutions in Texas, of which nine are general academic universities, and six are health institutions. ... Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) is a leading aerospace manufacturer and advanced technology company formed in 1995 by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta. ...


On June 1, 2006, the University of California ended its 60 years of direct involvement in operating Los Alamos National Laboratory, and management control of the laboratory was taken over by Los Alamos National Security, LLC. Approximately 95% of the former 10,000 plus UC employees at LANL were rehired by LANS to continue working at LANL. Other than UC appointing three members to the eleven member board of directors that oversees LANS, UC now has virtually no responsibility or direct involvement in LANL. UC policies and regulations that apply to UC campuses and its two national laboratories in California (Lawrence Berkeley and Lawrence Livermore) no longer apply to LANL, and the LANL Director no longer reports to the UC Regents or UC Office of the President. Also, LANL employees were removed from the UC's 403(b) retirement savings and defined benefits pension program and placed in a LANS run program. While the LANS retirement program provides rehired UC employees with pensions similar to what UC would have given them, LANS no longer guarantees full pensions to newly hired LANL employees, instead it only provides them with basic 401(k) retirement saving options. June 1 is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... Los Alamos National Security, LLC (LANS LLC) is a limited liability company consisting of the University of California, Bechtel, BWX Technologies, and Washington Group International, which was awarded the 7-year management contract for Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) by the Department of Energy and the National Nuclear Security Administration... The Berkeley Lab is perched on a hill overlooking the Berkeley central campus and San Francisco Bay. ... Aerial view of the lab and surrounding area. ... A 403(b) plan is a tax advantaged retirement savings plan available for public education organizations, some non-profit employers (only US Tax Code 501(c)(3) organizations) and self-employed ministers in the United States. ... A pension is a steady income given to a person (usually after retirement). ... The 401(k) plan is a type of employer-sponsored retirement plan in the United States and some other countries, named after a section of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code. ...


Extended operations

With support of the National Science Foundation, LANL operates one of the three National High Magnetic Field Laboratories in conjunction with and located at two other sites Florida State University in Tallahassee, Florida and University of Florida in Gainesville, Florida The logo of the National Science Foundation The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering. ... // Overview The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL) develops and operates high magnetic field facilities that scientists use for research in physics, biology, bioengineering, chemistry, geochemistry, biochemistry, materials science, and engineering. ... Florida State University (commonly referred to as Florida State or FSU)[6] is a public research university located in Tallahassee, the capital city of Florida. ... Tallahassee is the capital of Florida, a state of the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... The University of Florida (Florida or UF) is a public land-grant, space-grant, research university located in Gainesville, Florida. ... Downtown Clock Tower, housing the restored clock bell from the 1885 courthouse Gainesville is the largest city and county seat of Alachua County, Florida. ...


Los Alamos National Laboratory is a partner in the Joint Genome Institute (JGI) located in Walnut Creek, California. JGI was founded in 1997 to unite the expertise and resources in genome mapping, DNA sequencing, technology development, and information sciences pioneered at the three genome centers at University of California's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and LANL. The Joint Genome Institute Production Genomics Facility is located in Walnut Creek, California. ... Walnut Creek is a suburb of San Francisco and Oakland located in Contra Costa County, California, USA, in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Genome projects are scientific endeavours that ultimately aim to determine the complete genome sequence of an organism (be it an animal, a plant, a fungus, a bacterium, an archaean, a protist or a virus). ... DNA sequencing is the process of determining the order of the nucleotide bases, adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine, in a DNA oligonucleotide. ... The Ancient Library of Alexandria, an early form of information storage and retrieval. ... In biology the genome of an organism is the whole hereditary information of an organism that is encoded in the DNA (or, for some viruses, RNA). ... The Berkeley Lab is perched on a hill overlooking the Berkeley central campus and San Francisco Bay. ... Aerial view of the lab and surrounding area. ...


The Los Alamos National Laboratory also used to host the arXiv e-print archive. arXiv (pronounced archive, as if the X were the Greek letter χ) is an archive for electronic preprints of scientific papers in the fields of physics, mathematics, computer science and quantitative biology which can be accessed via the Internet. ...


The Integrated Computing Network (ICN) was a multi-security level network at the LANL that integrated large host supercomputers, a file server, a batch server, a printer and graphics output server and numerous other general purpose and specialized systems.


Directors

J. Robert Oppenheimer, father of the atomic bomb, served as the first director of Los Alamos National Laboratory, beginning in 1943. ... Norris Bradbury in his later years. ... Donald Kerr is the current director of the National Reconnaissance Office. ... Siegfried S. Hecker while director of Los Alamos National Laboratory. ... John Browne is a former director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory. ... George Peter (Pete) Nanos was the former director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory from January 2003 to May 2005. ... Michael R. Anastasio is the director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory and president of the Los Alamos National Security LLC, the company that operates the laboratory. ...

See also

This page is about the World War II nuclear project. ... Aerial view of the lab and surrounding area. ... A nuclear fireball lights up the night in a United States nuclear test. ... The Bradbury Science Museum is the chief public facility of the Los Alamos National Laboratory, located in Los Alamos, New Mexico. ... The Venona project was a long-running and highly secret collaboration between intelligence agencies of the United States and United Kingdom that involved the cryptanalysis of messages sent by several intelligence agencies of the Soviet Union. ... The Rosenbergs Ethel Greenglass Rosenberg (1915-1953) and Julius Rosenberg (1918-1953) were American Communists who captured and maintained world attention after being tried, convicted, and executed for spying for the Soviet Union. ... David Greenglass (b. ... The Rosenbergs Ethel Greenglass Rosenberg (1915-1953) and Julius Rosenberg (1918-1953) were American Communists who captured and maintained world attention after being tried, convicted, and executed for spying for the Soviet Union. ... Wen Ho Lee (Chinese: 李文和; Pinyin: Lǐ Wénhé; born December 21, 1939) is a Taiwanese American scientist who worked for the University of California operated Los Alamos National Laboratory and was accused of stealing secrets about the U.S.s nuclear arsenal for China. ... The Timeline of the Cox Report controversy is a chronology of information relating to the Peoples Republic of Chinas (PRC) alleged nuclear espionage against the United States detailed in the Congressional Cox Report. ...

References

  • Lillian Hoddeson, Paul W. Henriksen, Roger A. Meade, and Catherine Westfall, "Critical Assembly: A Technical History of Los Alamos during the Oppenheimer Years, 1943-1945" (Cambridge University Press, 1993) ISBN 0-521-44132-3

External links

The University of California
Regents of the University of California
Campuses

Berkeley · Davis · Hastings · Irvine · Los Angeles · Merced · Riverside · San Diego · San Francisco · Santa Barbara · Santa Cruz Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... NPR logo For other meanings of NPR see NPR (disambiguation) National Public Radio (NPR) is a private, not-for-profit corporation that sells programming to member radio stations; together they are a loosely organized public radio network in the United States. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... The Regents of the University of California make up the governing board of the University of California. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2276x2823, 451 KB) Graphic showing the location of each of the 10 University of California campuses and their date of official independent campus status, as well as the three UC-managed national laboratories. ... Sather tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... The University of California, Davis, commonly known as UC Davis, is one of the ten campuses of the University of California, and was established as the University Farm in 1905. ... University of California, Hastings College of the Law is a law school located in downtown San Francisco, California. ... The University of California, Irvine is a public research university primarily situated in suburban Irvine, California, USA; a significant portion of the campus falls into the neighboring community of Newport Beach. ... The University of California, Los Angeles, generally known as UCLA, is a public university whose main campus is located in the affluent Westwood neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, United States. ... The University of California, Merced (UC Merced), located in the San Joaquin Valley at Merced, California (), is the tenth University of California campus. ... The University of California, Riverside, commonly known as UCR or UC Riverside, is a public, coeducational university and one of ten campuses of the University of California. ... The University of California, San Diego (popularly known as UCSD, or sometimes UC San Diego) is a public, coeducational research university located in La Jolla, a seaside resort community of San Diego, California. ... UCSF in 1908, with the streetcar that used to run on Parnassus Avenue The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) is one of the worlds leading centers of health sciences research, patient care, and education. ... The University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) is a coeducational public university located on the Pacific Ocean in Santa Barbara County, California, USA. It is one out of 10 campuses of the University of California. ... The University of California, Santa Cruz, also known as UCSC or UC Santa Cruz, is one of the ten campuses of the University of California. ...

Hospitals

UC Davis Medical Center · UC Irvine Medical Center · UCLA Medical Center · UCSD Medical Center · UCSF Medical Center The UC Davis Medical Center is a major research hospital located in Sacramento, California and is the primary teaching hospital of UC Davis School of Medicine. ... The University of California, Irvine Medical Center (or UCI Medical Center) is a major research hospital located in the City of Orange. ... UCLA Medical Center is a hospital located on the campus of the University of California, Los Angeles in Los Angeles, California. ... The UCSD Medical Center is a major research hospital located in the Hillcrest neighborhood of San Diego, California. ... The UCSF Medical Center at Parnassus Heights and Mount Zion in San Francisco, California are the major research and medical teaching hospitals of the University of California, San Francisco. ...

Research

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory · Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory · Los Alamos National Laboratory
W. M. Keck Observatory · James Lick Observatory The Berkeley Lab is perched on a hill overlooking the Berkeley central campus and San Francisco Bay. ... Aerial view of the lab and surrounding area. ... The W. M. Keck Observatory is home to two of the largest optical/near-infrared telescopes in the world, at the 4,145 meter (13,600 ft) summit of Mauna Kea in Hawaii. ... The Lick Observatory is an astronomical observatory, owned and operated by the University of California. ...


 
 

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