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Encyclopedia > Lorsch codex
First page of the Lorsch Codex
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First page of the Lorsch Codex

The Lorsch Codex (Chronicon Laureshamense, Lorscher Codex, Codex Laureshamensis) is an important historical document created between about 1175 to 1195 A.D. in the Monastery of Saint Nazarius in Lorsch, Germany. It consists of 460 pages in large format containing more than 3800 entries. It is important because it details the gifts given to the monastery and the possessions belonging to it, which thus gives some of the first mention of cities of the Middle Ages in central Germany, and in particular in the Rhein-Neckar region. Over one thousand places are named. Lorsch is a small town in southwest germany ( 60 kilometers in the south of frankfurt). ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Rhein-Neckar is a district (Kreis) in the north-west of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ...


No original of the Lorsch codex is known; however, the Bavarian State Archive is nowadays where the codex is housed. The codex as it exists now is handwritten in Carolingian minuscule, and there is an illuminated drop capital – a huge "D" – on the first page. The Free State of Bavaria  (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... For other uses of the word Archive, see Archive (disambiguation) Archives refers to a collection of records, and also refers to the location in which these records are kept. ... Example from 10th century manuscript Carolingian or Caroline minuscule is a script developed as a writing standard in Europe so that the Roman alphabet could be easily recognized by the small literate class from one region to another. ... In the strictest definition of illuminated manuscript, only manuscripts decorated with gold or silver, like this miniature of Christ in Majesty from the Aberdeen Bestiary (folio 4v), would be considered illuminated. ... Initial P in Malmesbury Abbey, Wiltshire Detail from a rare Blackletter Bible (1497) printed in Strasbourg by J.R.Grueninger. ...

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Literature

  • Codex Laureshamensis. Das Urkundenbuch des ehemaligen Reichsklosters Lorch, Neustadt/Aisch 2003 (Bavarian State Archive 1 special publication) ISBN 3-921635-71-3 facsimile edition
  • Karl Josef Minst: Lorscher Codex deutsch. Urkundenbuch der ehemaligen Fürstabtei Lorsch, 5 Bde., Lorsch 1966/72 Lorsch (translation)
  • Karl Glöckner: Codex Laureshamensis, Darmstadt 1929-1936, reprint 1963 (definitive edition) Online as facsimile at ALO

  Results from FactBites:
 
Codex - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (595 words)
From the 4th century, when the codex gained wide acceptance to the Carolingian Revival in the 8th century many works were not converted from scroll to codex and were lost to posterity.
The codex also made it easier to organize documents in a library because it had a stable spine on which the title of the book could be written, and later read when books were arranged upright on shelves.
The codex is the songbook used at a cantus.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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