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Encyclopedia > Lorsch Abbey

The Imperial Abbey of Lorsch (Laureshamense Monasterium, called also Laurissa and Lauresham) in the German state of Hesse about 10mi/6km east of Worms, was one of the most renowned monasteries of the Carolingian empire. Even in its ruined state, its remains are among the most important pre-Romanesque buildings in Germany. Its chronicle, entered in the Lorscher Codex compiled in the 1170s (now in the state archive at Würzburg) is a fundamental document for early medieval German history. With an area of 21,110 km² and just over six million inhabitants, Hesse (German: Hessen) is one of Germanys sixteen federal states (Bundesländer). ... Worm can refer to: The worm, a collection of animal phyla. ... Map of Carolingian Empire The term Carolingian Empire is sometimes used to refer to the realm of the Franks under the dynasty of the Carolingians. ... Romanesque St. ...

The abbey was founded in 764 by the Frankish Count Cancor and his widowed mother Williswinda as a private church and monastery on their estate, Laurissa; they entrusted its government to Chrodegang, Archbishop of Metz, who dedicated the church and monastery in honor of St Peter and became its first abbot. The pious founders enriched the new abbey by further donations. In 766 Chrodegang resigned the office of abbot owing to his other important duties as Archbishop of Metz. He then sent his brother Gundeland to Lorsch as his successor, with fourteen Benedictine monks. To make the abbey popular as a shrine and a place of pilgrimage, Chrodegang obtained from Pope Paul I the body of St Nazarius, martyred with three other Roman soldiers under Diocletian. On 11 July, 765, the sacred relics arrived, and were with great solemnity deposited in the basilica of the monastery. The abbey and basilica were then renamed in honour of St. Nazarius. Events Empress Shotoku succeeds Emperor Junnin on the throne of Japan. ... City motto: Si paix dedans, paix dehors (French: If peace inside, peace outside) City proper (commune) Région Lorraine Département Moselle (57) Mayor Jean-Marie Rausch Area 41. ... Saint Peter, portrayed by Peter Paul Rubens in a papal chasuble and pallium holding keys, was one of the twelve disciples of Jesus and the first Pope of the Catholic Church. ... Paul I was Pope from May 29, 757- June 28, 767. ...

Many miracles were wrought through the intercession of St Nazarius at Lorsch, and from all parts of Europe pilgrims in large numbers came to visit the shrine. In the tenth and eleventh centuries, the library and scriptorium of Lorsch made it one of the cultural centers of Germany. Popes and emperors repeatedly favoured the abbey with privileges. The transfer of many estates and the addition of small towns to its possessions, which ranged from the Alps to the North Sea, raised the abbey to the position of a principality, so that in a short time the Abbey became not only immensely rich, but also a seat of political influence. A Scriptorium was a room or building, usually within a Christian monastery where, during medieval times, manuscripts were written. ...

It was, however, this very influence of its wealth and political ascendancy that caused its decline and final ruin. The abbey, enjoying state rights, became implicated in several local feuds and in a number of wars. After forty-six abbots of the Benedictine Order had governed the abbey, Conrad, the last of the abbots, was deposed by Pope Gregory IX in 1226, and through the influence of Frederick_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor, Lorsch came into the possession of Archbishop Siegfried III of Mainz in 1232, ending the great period of Lorsch's cultural and political independence. The longest lasting of the western Catholic monastic orders, the Benedictine Order traces its origins to the adoption of the monastic life by St. ... Gregory IX, né Ugolino di Conti (Anagni, ca. ... Frederick II (left) meets al-Kamil (right). ...

In 1248 Premonstratensian monks were given charge of the monastery with the sanction of Pope Celestine IV, and they remained there till 1556, when Lorsch and the surrounding country passed into the hands of Lutheran and Calvinistic princes. The Elector Palatine Otto Heinrich removed the contents of the library to Heidelberg forming the famous Bibliotheca Palatina just prior to Lorsch's dissolution in 1557/1563. The religious remaining at Lorsch were pensioned andsent away. The Premonstratensians, also called Norbertines, and in England the White Canons (from the color of their habit) are a Christian religious order of Augustinian Canons founded at Prémontré near Laon in 1120 by Saint Norbert, afterwards archbishop of Magdeburg. ... Pope Celestine IV, born Goffredo da Castiglione (born at Milan date unknown – Rome, November 10, 1241). ... A palatinate is an area administered by a count palatine, originally the direct representative of the sovereign but later the hereditary ruler of the territory subject to the crowns overlordship. ... Map of Germany showing Heidelberg Heidelberg (halfway between Stuttgart and Frankfurt) is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ...

During the Thirty Years War Lorsch and its neighbourhood suffered greatly; in 1621 most of the buildings at Lorsch were pulled down; having again come into the possession of the archbishopric of Mainz, the region was returned to the Catholic faith. The most dreary period for Lorsch was during Louis XIV's wars, 1679 – 1697. Whole villages were laid in ruins, the homes of the peasantry were destroyed by fire, and the French soldiers burned the old Abbey buildings. One portion, which was left intact, served as a tobacco warehouse in the years before World War I. The ancient entrance hall the Königshalle, built in the 9th century by Emperor Louis III, is the oldest and probably the most beautiful monument of Franconian architecture. In 1991 Lorsch Abbey was enlisted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site [1]. The victory of Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld (1631) The Thirty Years War was a conflict fought between the years 1618 and 1648, principally in the central European territory of the Holy Roman Empire, but also involving most of the major continental powers. ... Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638 – September 1, 1715) reigned as King of France and King of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death. ... World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machineguns, and poison gas. ... The name Louis III is used to refer to numerous persons in history: Kings: Louis III of France (also known as Louis I, Louis the Fair and Louis the Debonaire) Louis III of Bavaria Louis the Blind (also known as Louis III, Holy Roman Emperor) Louis III of East Francia... The Franconian Rake is the symbol and unofficial coat of arms of Franconia, also appearing in emblems of many Franconian cities Franconia (German: Franken), an historic region in Germany, now forms three administrative districts of the state of Bavaria: Lower Franconia (Unterfranken), Middle Franconia (Mittelfranken), and Upper Franconia (Oberfranken). ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain range, lake, desert, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated for the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage committee. ...

See also:

Folio 72 verso of the Codex Aureus of Lorsch contain an illumination of Christ in Majesty. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Lorsch Abbey (2585 words)
Lorsch Abbey is an example of the importance of the medieval monastery for European culture.
Lorsch Abbey for example received it's incomes from the Netherlands as well as from the south of Switzerland, from thousand of wide-spread and hardly connected domains which formed as a whole a complicated organism requiring a very detailed and well structured administration.
At Lorsch the church was a big basilica, consisting of an rectangular apse in the east, three naves and an unknown architectural complex in the west, which may have been a sort of upper gallery reserved for the king.
Lorsch Abbey - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (826 words)
The main church of Sts Peter, Paul, and Nazarius was consecrated by the Archbishop of Mainz in 774, in the presence of Charlemagne.
In the 10th and 11th centuries, the library and scriptorium of Lorsch made it one of the cultural centres of Germany.
After forty-six abbots of the Benedictine Order had governed the abbey, Conrad, the last of the abbots, was deposed by Pope Gregory IX in 1226, and through the influence of Frederick II, Lorsch came into the possession of Siegfried III, Archbishop of Mainz, in 1232, ending the great period of Lorsch's cultural and political independence.
  More results at FactBites »



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