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Encyclopedia > Lorient
Commune of Lorient
Country      France
Région Bretagne
Département Morbihan
(sous-préfecture)
Arrondissement Lorient
Canton Chief town of 3 cantons
Intercommunality Communauté d'agglomération du Pays de Lorient
Mayor
Term of office
Norbert Métairie (PS)
2001-2008
Land area¹ 17.48 km²
Population²
(1999)
59,189
Population density
(1999)
3386 pers./km²
Longitude 3.45W
Latitude 47.76N
Altitude average:
minimum:
maximum:
INSEE Code
Postal code 56100
1 French Land Register data, which exclude lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km² (0.386 sq. mi. or 247 acres) as well as the estuaries of rivers.

2 Population sans doubles comptes, i.e. not counting those people already counted in another commune (such as students and military personnel). Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common... Capital Rennes Area 27,209 km² Regional President Jean-Yves Le Drian (PS) (since 2004) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 7th) 3,011,000 2,906,197 111/km² (2004) Arrondissements 15 Cantons 201 Communes 1,268 Départements Côtes-dArmor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Finist... Template:France divisions levels, Junkyard Willie The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to British counties. ... Morbihan is a département in the northwest of France named after the Morbihan (small sea in Breton), the enclosed sea that is the principal feature of the coastline. ... Subprefecture is an administrative level that is below prefecture or province. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The arrondissement of Lorient is an arrondissement of France, located in the Morbihan département, in the Bretagne région. ... The canton is an administrative division of France. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... The Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste or PS), founded in 1969, is the main opposition party in France. ... Longitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter λ, describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... Latitude, usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... A postal code is a series of letters and/or digits appended to a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail. ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing numerous ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits and services. ...

Lorient is a commune and a seaport of Brittany, France, in the Morbihan département, of which it is a sous-préfecture. Population: city: 61,844; urban area: 186,144. Places with the name LOrient Lorient a place in France LOrient a part of Le Chenit in Switzerland Category: ‪Disambiguation‬ ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ... Traditional coat of arms This article is about the historical duchy and French province, as well as the cultural area of Brittany. ... Morbihan is a département in the northwest of France named after the Morbihan (small sea in Breton), the enclosed sea that is the principal feature of the coastline. ... Template:France divisions levels, Junkyard Willie The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to British counties. ... Subprefecture is an administrative level that is below prefecture or province. ...

Contents


History

At the beginning of the 17th century, merchants who were doing business with India had established warehouses in Port-Louis. They later built additional ones across the bay in 1628, at the location which later became Lorient. Events March 1 - writs were issued in February 1628 by Charles I of England that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date. ...


Later, the French East India Company, founded in 1664 and chartered by King Louis XIV, established shipyards there, thus giving an impetus to the development of the city. The French East India Company (French Compagnie des Indes Orientales) was a commercial enterprise, founded in 1664 to compete with the British and Dutch East India companies. ... Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ... Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638–September 1, 1715), reigned as King of France and of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death at the age of 77. ... Small shipyard in Klaksvík (Faroe Islands), reparing fishing vessels Dockyards and shipyards are places which repair and build ships. ...


The place was called L'Orient (the Orient in French).


Lorient housed a German submarine base during World War II; although the city was heavily damaged by Allied bombing raids, the base survived through the end of the war. As they couldn't destroy the Base, the Allies decided to bomb the City, on purpose, to cut the supplying of the U-Boats. No gasoline, no food, no torpedoes... and it was impossible for those submarines to go to the Atlantic. Between the 14 of January 1943 and the 17 of February 1943 500 explosive bombs and more than 60000 incendiary bombs fell down on the town. Lorient was destroyed at more than 90%. German UC-1 class World War I submarine A model of Gunter Priens Unterseeboot 47 (U-47), German WWII Type VII diesel-electric hunter-killer (SSK) submarine Typhoon class ballistic-missile carrying (SSBN) submarine, compared to a man USS Virginia, a Virginia-class nuclear attack (SSN) submarine A submarine... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II... U-boat is also a nickname for some diesel locomotives built by GE; see List of GE locomotives October 1939. ... A torpedo in Rail terminology refers to a small explosive device strapped to the top of the rail to alert an approaching train of immediate danger ahead. ...


Today The former submarine base of Keroman is open to the public, you can visit it all year. During the tour you can see the different pens of the block K3 and go through the roof (3,40m to 7m thick) to a former anti aircraft defence tower. From it you've got an incredible view of the harbour and of the former head quarter of Karl Dönitz in Lorient. (help· info) (pronounced ) (September 16, 1891 – December 24, 1980) was a naval leader in Germany during World War II. Dönitz was born near Berlin. ...


Geography

Lorient is located by the Atlantic Ocean.


Miscellaneous

Lorient was the birthplace of Jules Simon (1814-1896), statesman and philosopher. Jules Simon, French politician Jules François Simon (December 27, 1814 - June 8, 1896) was a French statesman and philosopher. ...


Lorient is the home of a major Celtic music festival, the Festival Interceltique de Lorient. Celtic music is a broad grouping of musical genres that evolved out of the folk musical traditions of the Celtic peoples of Western Europe. ... The Festival Interceltique de Lorient (fr) or Gouelioù Etrekeltiek An Oriant (br) was founded in Lorient, Brittany in 1971. ...


Twin towns

This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the unrelated concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Galway (official Irish name: Gaillimh) is the only city in the province of Connacht in Ireland and capital of County Galway. ... Nickname: The Olive City Motto: Official website: Cidade de Vigo Location Situation of Vigo within Galicia Government Parroquias  ? Mayor (Alcalde) Corina Porro Martínez (PPdeG) Geographical characteristics Area Total 109,1 km² Land  ? km² Water  ? km² Population Total (2005) 293. ... Motto: Galiza Ceibe Capital Santiago de Compostela Official languages Galician and Castilian Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 7th  29 574 km²  5,8% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 5th  2 737 370  6,5%  92,36/km² Demonym  – English  – Galician  – Spanish  Galician  galego  gallego Statute of Autonomy April... Wirral is a metropolitan borough in Merseyside, North West England, which occupies the northern part of the Wirral Peninsula, more commonly known as The Wirral. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the British Isles Languages None official English de facto Capital None official London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001... Ventspils (Russian: , formerly Виндава; German: Windau, Polish: Windawa, Livonian: VÇŸnta) is a city in northwestern Latvia on the coast of the Baltic Sea. ... Map of Germany showing Ludwigshafen am Rhein Panorama from the west Ludwigshafen am Rhein is a city in Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany, with about 162,000 inhabitants. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ...

See also

In August 1717 Scottish businessman John Law acquired a controlling interest in the then derelict Mississippi Company and renamed it the Compagnie d’Occident (or Compagnie du Mississippi). ... Unterseeboot 74 (U-74) has been the designation of two submarines of the German Navies. ... The Festival Interceltique de Lorient (fr) or Gouelioù Etrekeltiek An Oriant (br) was founded in Lorient, Brittany in 1971. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Lorient
  • City council website (in French)
  • Visiting Lorient
  • Festival Interceltique de Lorient

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