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Encyclopedia > Loreto region
Región Loreto
Image:Maynas Province Coat of Arms.PNG
Location of the Loreto region in Peru
See other Peruvian regions
President Robinson Rivadeneira
Capital Iquitos
Area 368,851.95 km²
Population
  - Total
  - Density

931,444 (2004 estimate)
2.5/km²
Subdivisions 7 provinces and 51 districts
Elevation
  - Lowest
  - Highest

70 m (Amelia)
220 m (Balsapuerto)
Latitude
Longitude
11º10' to 15º18' S
70º25' to 73º58' W
Main resources Rice, cassava, wood, fruit trees, rubber and cebu cattle
Poverty rate 70%
Percentage of country's GDP 2.51%
Dialing code 065
ISO 3166-2 PE-LOR
Official website: www.regionloreto.gob.pe

Loreto is Peru's northernmost region. Covering almost one-third of Peru's territory, Loreto is the nation's largest region and also one of the most sparsely populated ones, due to its remote location in the Amazon Rainforest. Its capital is the city of Iquitos. Image File history File links Location_of_Loreto_region. ... The Political division of Peru has changed from time to time, beginning during the time after the nation obtained independence from Spain, until the present-day country. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Iquitos is the largest city in the rainforest of Peru. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... Latitude,usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter phi, , gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the equator. ... Longitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter λ (lambda),[1][2] describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... Rainforest on Fatu-Hiva, Marquesas Islands Natural resources are naturally occurring substances that are considered valuable in their relatively unmodified (natural) form. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Binomial name Manihot esculenta Crantz The cassava, casava, or manioc (Manihot esculenta) is a woody shrub of the Euphorbiaceae (spurge family) native to South America that is extensively cultivated as an annual crop in tropical and subtropical regions for its edible starchy tuberous root, a major source of carbohydrate. ... Latex being collected from a tapped rubber tree Rubber is an elastic hydrocarbon polymer which occurs as a milky colloidal suspension (known as latex) in the sap of several varieties of plants. ... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows what he found. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... Perus territory, according to the Regionalization Law which was passed on November 18th, 2002, is divided into 25 regions (regiones; singular: región). ... Map of the Amazon rainforest ecoregions as delineated by the WWF. Yellow line encloses the Amazon rainforest. ... Iquitos is the largest city in the rainforest of Peru. ...

Contents

Boundaries

Provinces of Ecuador Ecuador is divided into 22 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular - provincia): Province (Capital) Azuay (Cuenca) Bolívar (Guaranda) Cañar (Azogues) Carchi (Tulcán) Chimborazo (Riobamba) Cotopaxi (Latacunga) El Oro (Machala) Esmeraldas (Esmeraldas) Galápagos (Puerto Baquerizo Moreno) Guayas (Guayaquil) Imbabura (Ibarra) Loja (Loja) Los Ríos (Babahoyo... Sucumbíos is a province in NW Ecuador. ... Orellana is a province of Ecuador. ... Pastaza is a province in Ecuador. ... Morona-Santiago is a province in Ecuador. ... Colombia is a unitary republic conformed by 32 departments (Spanish: departamentos, sing. ... Motto: Capital Mocoa Governor Area 24,885 km² Population  - Total (2003)  - Density   378,483 15 people/km² Adjective Putumayo is a department of Colombia. ... Categories: Departments of Colombia | South America geography stubs | Colombia ... It has been suggested that List of the states of Brazil by area, List of the states of Brazil by population, List of the states of Brazil by population density, List of Brazilian states by GDP, List of the states of Brazil by GDP per capita, List of the states... Flag of Amazonas See other Brazilian States Capital Manaus Largest City Manaus Area 1 570 947 km² Population   - Total   - Density 3,332,330 inh. ... Flag of Acre See other Brazilian States Capital Rio Branco Largest City Rio Branco Area 152 522 km² Population   - Total   - Density 557 526 3. ... Categories: Stub | Departments of Peru ... Huánuco is a region in central Peru. ... San Martín is a region in Peru. ... Amazonas is a region in northern Peru. ...

Geography

Loreto's large territory comprises parts of the High and Low Jungle, and all of its surface is covered with thick vegetation. Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region; it refers to the ground cover provided by plants, and is, by far, the most abundant biotic element of the biosphere. ...


This territory has wide river flood plains, which are covered with rainwater and usually are swamped in summer. In these flood areas there are elevated sectors called restingas, which always remain above water, even in times of the greatest swellings. There are numerous lagoons known as cochas and tipishcas, surrounded by marshy areas with abundant grass vegetation. This mid bay barrier in Narrabeen, a suburb of Sydney (Australia), has blocked what used to be a bay to form a lagoon. ...


Numerous rivers cross Loreto's territory, all of which are part of the Amazonian Hydrographical System. Most of them are navigable. The main river crossing the region is the Amazon, one of the world's most important rivers. Its numerous curves are always changing and sometimes make for a difficult journey. The width between banks of the Amazon sometimes measures a staggering 4 km. The Yavari River runs from Peru to Brazil, the Putumayo River serves as part of the border with Colombia, and the Ucayali and Marañón rivers penetrate Loreto after going through the Pongo de Manseriche. This article is about the river. ... The Içá or Putumayo River is one of the tributaries of the Amazon river, west of and parallel to the Yapura. ... Alternative use: Ucayali region The Ucayali, which rises about 70 miles north of Lake Titicaca, is the most interesting branch of the Amazon River next to the Madeira. ... The river Marañón rises about 100 miles to the north-east of Lima, Peru. ... The Pongo de Manseriche is a gorge in northwest Peru. ...


Climate

The weather is warm and humid with an average temperature of 17ºC (63ºF) to 20ºC (68ºF) during the months of June and July, and up to a high of 36ºC (97ºF) from December through March. Even though the weather is hot during those months, it is considered winter.


The average humidity level is 84%, with strong rain all year round. This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


Political division

The region is divided into seven provinces (provincias, singular: provincia), which are composed of 48 districts (distritos, singular: distrito). The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:

Alto Amazonas Province is a region of Loreto, Peru. ... Yurimaguas is a thriving port-town[1] in the Loreto Region of northeastern Peruvian Amazonia. ... San Lorenzo is a town in the Loreto Region in northeastern Peru. ... Political Division of the Loreto Region of Peruvian Amazonia, the capital of Loreto Province is the historic town of Nauta. ... Nauta is a small town situated in the North of Peru, in the Peruvian Amazon roughly 100km south of the Provinces capital, Iquitos. ... Caballococha is a town in the Loreto Region in northeastern Peru, located on the Amazon river and right across the river from Colombia. ... Location in the Loreto Region Founded Capital Iquitos Area 119,859. ... Iquitos is the largest city in the rainforest of Peru. ... Requena is a town in the Loreto Region in northeastern Peru. ... Contamana is a town in the Loreto Region in northeastern Peru. ...

History

The first settlers in the region were grouped in small tribes that expanded through the various eastern slopes of the Andes. Many of these tribes settled in the Purús, Turúa and Yaraví river basins, receiving names different from those of their lineage. They were merely family clans, who adopted the name of their chief or curaca. During Colonial times, up to 800 of these groups were detected. http://www. ... Planes view of the Andes, Peru. ...


It is hard to determine the number of natives in the region when the first European explorers and missionaries arrived. Numbers given by chroniclers indicate that within the first century of contact, 100,000 natives were baptized. Presumably, when the Spanish arrived, the total population was almost 300,000. Later on, however, the natives were afflicted with diseases due to contact with the Spaniards. Examples of these diseases are smallpox, diphtheria, malaria, yellow fever, and whooping cough. Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) is a highly contagious disease unique to humans. ... Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease that is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, including parts of the Americas, Asia, and Africa. ...


On February 12, 1542, and after a search of several months, Spanish conqueror Francisco de Orellana discovered the Amazon river, an adventure that began in the Sierra. February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A Spanish postal stamp featuring Orellana Francisco de Orellana (c1500-c1549) was a Spanish explorer and conquistador. ... This article is about the river. ... Look up sierra in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Even though colonization had started several decades before, the city of Iquitos was founded in the 1750s. It is located between the Nanay River and the left bank of the Amazon river, which makes it an ideal starting point when traveling to surrounding regions.


During Colonial times, the Jesuits and Franciscans evangelized and founded different towns. During these years, they contributed by opening travel routes and cutting down distances between tribes and villages. The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ...


When the missions fell, a long period of ostracism followed, encompassing most of the 19th century. Nonetheless, this was the time when the foundations of the future political organization were laid. Also, this was the beginning of navigation via steamboats, the rubber heyday, and foreign immigration.


The Golden Age of Iquitos started at the end of the 19th century with the rubber boom. Since the region was very rich in this resource and it became so expensive, it turned into the center of attention and ambitions in the world. This period lasted 25 years and left behind gigantic development once the rubber boom had passed. Latex being collected from a tapped rubber tree Rubber is an elastic hydrocarbon polymer which occurs as a milky colloidal suspension (known as latex) in the sap of several varieties of plants. ...


Currently, Loreto is home of many amazonian tribes such as the Amhuacas. There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Local customs

Festivities

  • First week of January. Anniversary of Iquitos. Week-long festivities to celebrate the founding of the city.
  • Third week of February. Carnivals.
  • June 24. Fiesta de San Juan. The local people go to the Nanay and Amazonas river banks, taking with them the traditional juanes, cooked on the eve. In front of the waters, they merrily drink and dance.
  • First two weeks of August. A farm, livestock and crafts fair takes place in the small town of Santa Clara de Nanay, located 14 km (7 mi) from the city of Iquitos.
  • September 7. Señora de la Natividad. Date in which the Tamashiyacu people, in the province of Maynas, honor their patron.
  • December 8. Fiesta de la Purísima, celebrated in the district of Punchana, located 3 km (1.86 mi) from Iquitos

June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Maynas is a province in the Loreto Region in northeastern Peru. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Punchana is the capital of the Punchana District in the Maynas Province of the Loreto Region in northeastern Peru. ...

Typical dishes and beverages

The typical dishes in Loreto are very similar to those of other places in the Amazon region. It is not unusual to discover that they consider motelo or turtle meat soup, or juanes (rice tamales with chicken or fish) as typical Loretan dishes. However, what is strange to see is that vendors in the local markets offer fried or steamed monkey or lizard meat that is delicious, according to the local people. Diversity ca. ... Approximate worldwide distribution of monkeys. ... Families Many, see text. ...


Other typical dishes include, cecina (dried and smoked pork), tacacho (coal cooked bananas, pork, and chopped onions), chonta salad, palometa (fish soup), and paiche (a large fish). Among desserts there is a refreshing aguaje ice cream. Binomial name Arapaima gigas , The Arapaima gigas is the worlds largest freshwater fish. ...


To drink, they serve masato (a beer made of cassava) or natural fruit juices such as aguaje, maracuyá (passion fruit), and cocona (Solanum sessiliflorum). Binomial name Manihot esculenta Crantz The cassava, casava, or manioc (Manihot esculenta) is a woody shrub of the Euphorbiaceae (spurge family) native to South America that is extensively cultivated as an annual crop in tropical and subtropical regions for its edible starchy tuberous root, a major source of carbohydrate. ... Binomial name Dunal Solanum sessiliflorum or cocona is a tropical plant belonging to the Solanaceae family. ...


External links

  • Loreto region official website (in Spanish)
  • YouTube videos of the Amazon Hope project in Loreto

eloy hijo de puta!!!


  Results from FactBites:
 
Futuros Alternativos para la Región de Loreto (2440 words)
The principal objectives of this study are to understand and model these interactions and to assist municipal, regional and national institutions and leaders in deciding the future landscape planning policy for the region.
We propose to coordinate a strategic planning study for the Greater Loreto region and to direct applied research which contributes to the study.
We propose a conference at the end of the study in the region to present, discuss and disseminate the results.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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