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Falak-ol-aflak, built by the Sassanids, is almost 1800 years old. During the Pahlavi era, it was used as a prison.
Falak-ol-aflak, built by the Sassanids, is almost 1800 years old. During the Pahlavi era, it was used as a prison.

Lorestan or Luristan comprises a province and an historic territory of western Iran amidst the Zagros Mountains. The center of the Lorestan Province is the city of Khorramabad. The famous Falak-ol-Aflak Castle is situated inside this city. province of Iran File links The following pages link to this file: Lorestan Categories: GFDL images ... Falak ol Aflak, Lorestan province Iran. ... Falak ol Aflak, Lorestan province Iran. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate... The Pahlavi script was used broadly in the Sasanid Persian Empire to write down Middle Persian for secular, as well as religious purposes. ... The Zagros Mountains are Irans second largest range in territory. ... Khorramabad is the capital of Lorestan province in western Iran. ... Falak-ol-aflak is almost 1800 years old. ...


Lurestan covers an area of 28,392 km2. The major cities in this province are: Khorramabad, Borujerd, Aligoodarz, Dorood, Koohdasht, Azna, Delfan, Selseleh, and Pol-e-Dokhtar. Khorramabad is the capital of Lorestan province in western Iran. ... Borujerd is a city in the Lorestan province in western Iran. ... Aligoodarz is a city in the province of Lorestan in western Iran. ... Dorood is a city in the Lorestan province in western Iran. ... Koohdasht is a city in the Lorestan province in western Iran. ... Azna is a city in the Lorestan province in western Iran. ... Delfan is a city in the Lorestan province in western Iran. ... Selseleh is a city in the Lorestan province in western Iran. ... Pol-e-Dokhtar (Bridge of the Daughter) is a city in the Lorestan province in western Iran. ...


In 1996, the province had a population of approximately 1.6 million people. Jump to: navigation, search 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...

Contents


Geography and climate

In the wider sense (as its name implies), Luristan refers to the land of the Lurs, namely that part of western Persia bounded by Iraq on the west and extending for about 400 miles on a northwest to southeast axis from Kermanshah to Fars, with a breadth of 100 to 140 miles. The terrain consists chiefly of mountains, with numerous ranges, part of the Zagros chain, running northwest to southeast. The central range has many summits which almost reach the line of perpetual snow, rising to 13,000 feet and more, and it feds the headwaters of Iran's most important rivers, as the Zayendeh-rud, Jarahi, Karun, Dix, Abi, Karkheh. Between the higher ranges lie many fertile plains and low hilly, well-watered districts. Kermanshah is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... // Introduction Fars is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... The Zagros Mountains (In Persian:رشته‌کوه‌های زاگرس) make up Irans second largest mountain range. ...


The highest point of the province is Oshtoran Kooh peak at 4,050 m. The low-lying areas being in the southern most sector of the province, are approximately 500 m above sea level.


The climate is generally sub-humid continental with winter precipitation, a lot of which falls as snow (Köppen Csa). Because it lies on the westernmost slopes of the Zagros Mountains, annual precipitation in Lorestan is among the highest anywhere in Iran south of the Elburz Mountains. At Khorramabad, the average annual precipitation totals 530 millimetres (21 inches) of rainfall equivalent, whilst up to 1270 millimetres (50 inches) may fall on the highest mountains. The months June to September are usually absolutely dry, but Khorramabad can expect 4 inches of rainfall equivalent in December and January. A fresh snowfall in Colorados (USA) high forests. ... The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ... Alborz Mountains underneath clouds seen from Tehran View of the Alborz range from near Tehran. ...


Temperatures vary widely with the seasons and between day and noght. At Khorramabad, summer temperatures typically range from a minumum of 12°C (54°F) to a hot maximum of 32°C (90°F). In winter, they range from a minimum of -2°C (28°F) to a chilly maximum of 8°C (46°F).


History

EmamZadeh Jafar, built during the Ilkhanid period, in Borujerd, has a peculiar style of architecture rarely seen in other provinces in Iran.
EmamZadeh Jafar, built during the Ilkhanid period, in Borujerd, has a peculiar style of architecture rarely seen in other provinces in Iran.

Lurestan province is one of the oldest regions of Iran. In the third and fourth millennium BCE, migrant tribes settled down in the mountainous area of the Zagros mountains. Imam zadeh Jafar, Borujerd, Iran. ... Imam zadeh Jafar, Borujerd, Iran. ... Khanates of Mongolian Empire: Il-Khanate, Chagatai Khanate, Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty), Golden Horde The Ilkhanate (also spelled Il-khanate or Il Khanate) was one of the four divisions within the Mongol Empire. ... Borujerd is a city in the Lorestan province in western Iran. ... The Zagros Mountains (In Persian:رشته‌کوه‌های زاگرس) make up Irans second largest mountain range. ...


Some researchers claim that the Lurs are a branch of the Iranian people who migrated to this region from east of Caspian Sea in the beginning of the first millennium BCE. The current inhabitants of Lurestan have intermingled with the Bakhtiaris and the Kurds. The languages of the inhabitants of the province are called Luri and Laki. The Lakas have mainly settled in Koohdasht and Alishtar and the Lurs around Khorramabad. Their dialect possesses much distinct grammar and vocabulary. Caspian Sea viewed from orbit The Caspian Sea or Mazandaran Sea is a landlocked sea between Asia and Europe (European Russia). ...


People and culture

Ethnologists classify the Lurs as indigenous Iranians, closely related to the Kurds. As stated above, their language, called Luri, is closely related to Persian, and there are two distinct dialects of this language. Lur-e-Bozourg (Greater Lur), which is spoken by the Bakhtiaris, and Lur-e-Kuchik (Lesser Lur), spoken by the Lurs themselves. Prior to the 20th century the majority of Lurs were nomadic herders, with an urban minority residing in the city of Khorramabad. There were several attempts by the Pahlavi governments to forcibly settle the nomadic segment of the Lur population. Under Reza Shah, these campaigns tended to be unsuccessful. The last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, used less forceful methods along with economic incentives, which met with greater, though not complete, success. By the mid-1980s the vast majority of Lurs had been settled in towns and villages throughout the province, or had migrated to the major urban centres. In Khuzestan, Lur tribes are primarily concentrated in the northern part of the province. Kurds are one of the Iranian peoples and speak Kurdish, a north-Western Iranian language related to Persian. ... Luri is a dialect of Persian language. ... Jump to: navigation, search Persian (فارسی / پارسی), (local name in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan: ‘Fârsi’), ‘Pârsi’ (older local name, but still used by some speakers), Tajik (a Central Asian dialect) or Dari (another local name in Tajikistan and Afghanistan), is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, western Pakistan... Jump to: navigation, search The Bakhtiari (or Bakhtiyari) are a group of southern Iranian people. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Communities of nomadic people move from place to place, rather than settling down in one location. ... Khorramabad is the capital of Lorestan province in western Iran. ... The Pahlavi script was used broadly in the Sasanid Persian Empire to write down Middle Persian for secular, as well as religious purposes. ... Shah Reza Pahlavi Reza Pahlavi (Persian: رضا پهلوی), (March 16, 1877–July 26, 1944), called Reza Shah the Great after his death, was Shah of Persia (later Iran) from December 15, 1925 to September 16, 1941. ... One of the worlds longest-lasting monarchies, the Iranian monarchy went through many transformations over the centuries, from the days of Persia to the creation of what is now modern day Iran. ... Jump to: navigation, search Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi His Imperial Majesty Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (in Persian: محمدرضا شاه پهلوی) (October 26, 1919 – July 27, 1980), was the last reigning Shah of Iran to date, ruling from 1941 until 1979. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Map showing Khuzestan in Iran Domes like this are quite common in Khuzestan province. ...


Northern region

Lur man in traditional clothing, 1921
Lur man in traditional clothing, 1921

In the northern part of Luristan, formerly known as Lur-e-kuchik (Little Luristan), live the Feili Lurs, divided into the Pishkuh (cis-montane) Lurs in the east and Pushtkuh (ultra-montane) Lurs in the west adjoining Iraqi territory. Little Luristan maintained its independence under a succession of princes of the Khurshidi dynasty, known as atabegs, from 55 CE to the beginning of the 17th century. Shah Abbas I then removed the last atabeg, Shah Verdi Khan, and entrusted the government of the province to Hossein Khan, the chief of a rival tribe, with the title of vali in exchange for that of atabeg. The descendants of Hossein Khan retained the title as governors of the Pushtkuh Lurs, to whom only the denomination of Feili now applies. Download high resolution version (235x670, 41 KB)Lur man in traditional dress, from 1921 National Geographic Magazine. ... Download high resolution version (235x670, 41 KB)Lur man in traditional dress, from 1921 National Geographic Magazine. ... Shah Abbas I of Safavid at a banquet Detail from a celing fresco; Chehel Sotoun palace; Isfahan Shah Abbas King of the Persians Copper engraving by Dominicus Custos, from his Atrium heroicum Caesarum pub. ...


Southern region

The southern part of Luristan, formerly known as Lur-e-Buzurg (Great Luristan) comprises the Bakhtiari division of the province of Khuzestan and the districts of the Mamasennis and Kuhgilus which are located in Fars province. At one time, Great Luristan formed an independent state under the Fazlevieh atabegs from 1160 until 1424 CE. Its capital, Idaj, survives as mounds and ruins at Malamir, 60 miles southeast of Shushtar. Map showing Khuzestan in Iran Domes like this are quite common in Khuzestan province. ... // Introduction Fars is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... A city in Iranian province of Lorestan near the Bakhtiyari mountains, northeast of Susa. ... Shûshtar is an ancient fortress city in the Khuzestan province in southwestern Iran. ...


Celebrities of Lorestan

  • AliReza Shekarchi, Kamancheh player
  • Shamirza Moradi, Oboe player
  • Nasrollah Kasraian, Photographer
  • AliReza Hosseinkhani, Kamancheh player
  • Reza Saghaee, Singer
  • Nasser Gholamrezai, Filmmaker
  • Dr. Sekandar Amanollahi Baharvand, Social-Cultural author
  • Ali Mohammad Saki, Social-Cultural author
  • Esfandiar Ghazanfari Amraee, poet.
  • Ayatollah Rouhollah Boroujerdi, Religious grand cleric, master of Imam Khomeini.
  • Ayatollah Rouhollah Kamalvand, senior religious cleric.
  • Hamid Izadpanah, poet.
  • Dr Abdolhossein Zarrinkoub, the famous writer, historian, critic
  • Dr Sayyed Ja’far Shahidi, writer, historian, critic
  • Abdol Mohammad Ayati, poet
  • Mehrdad Avesta, poet
  • Mola Hagh-Ali Siah Poosh, poet (1323 AH)
  • Mola Parishan, poet (7th century AH)

The kamancheh or kamānche (کمانچه - violinette) is a Persian instrument similar to a violin. ... The kamancheh or kamānche (کمانچه - violinette) is a Persian instrument similar to a violin. ... Ayatollah Sayyid Husayn Borujerdi (آیت‌الله سیدحسين بورجردی in Persian, 1914 -2003) was a Grand Shiite ayatollah. ...

Lorestan today

Attractions

Lorestan has 263 sites of historical and cultural significance according to Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization.


Some of the more popular attractions are:

  • 6th Century Inscription, Khoram Abad
  • Falak-ol-Aflak Castle
  • Sassanid Kashgan Bridge, Koohdasht
  • Khoram Abad Tower
  • Borujerd Jame' Mosque
  • Imamzadeh Jafar, Borujerd
  • Soltani Mosque, Borujerd
  • Borujerd Jame' Mosque
  • Gahar Lake, Aligoodarz
  • Kiyou Lake, Khoram Abad
  • Oshtoran Kooh Mountain, Aligoodarz

Falak-ol-aflak is almost 1800 years old. ...

Colleges and Universities

    1. Lorestan University of Medical Sciences
    2. University of Lorestan
    3. Islamic Azad University of Borujerd
    4. Islamic Azad University of Aligudarz
    5. Islamic Azad University of Khorram Abad
    6. Payam Nour University of Poldokhtar
    7. Payam Nour University of Alashtar
    8. Payam Nour University of boroujerd
    9. Al-ghadir Applicational Scientific Comprehensive University
    10. Shahid Madani school of Khoramabad
    11. Ma’soumeh School of Khoramabad

See also

The statistics in this article come from the CIA World Factbook, 2004 edition. ... This article focuses on ethnic minorities in Iran and their related political issues and current realities. ... Falak-ol-aflak is almost 1800 years old. ...

External Links

  • Lorestan Province Cultural Heritage Organization
  • Lorestan.Org Information portal
  • Lorestan Governor's Office
  • Agricultural Jihad Organization of Lorestan Province
  • Zagros Online, a website from Borujerd
  • Bakhtiari Tribe website
  • Lorestan Music
  • Lorestan Department of Education
  • Lorestan Urban Utilities Company
  • Lorestan Rural Utilities Company

This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, which is in the public domain. Supporters contend that the Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) represents the sum of human knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century; indeed, it was advertised as such. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...



Provinces of Iran Flag of Iran
Ardabil | Bushehr | Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari | East Azerbaijan | Isfahan | Fars | Guilan | Golestan | Hamadan | Hormozgan | Ilam | Kerman | Kermanshah | Khuzestan | Kohkiluyeh and Buyer Ahmad | Kurdistan | Lorestan | Markazi | Mazandaran | North Khorasan | Qazvin | Qom | Razavi Khorasan | Semnan | Sistan and Baluchistan | South Khorasan | Tehran | West Azerbaijan | Yazd | Zanjan

  Results from FactBites:
 
About IRAN (1412 words)
The population of Lorestan province was 1,584,434 in 1996 of which 53.65% were resided in urban area and 45.26% in rural areas and remaining were non-residential.
Lorestan Province is amongst ancient Iranian regions having antique monuments.
Lorestan province is one of the sightly and interesting to see regions of Iran.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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